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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 14, 1942, Mason City, Iowa i C C NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION uimr p f wrtsiaia UK TWO SECTIONS M 236 3APESSTABATNORTH CAUCASUS British Repulse Axis Armored Lunge in RAF LASHES AT FOE IN SPITE OF DESERT STORM British Try to Choke Off Reinforcements on Way to Rommel CAIRO ff Axis armored forces have been repulsed in an other eastward lunge on the Egyptian corridor battle front and Hie enemy has been hit heavily by the RAF despite desert sand storms British headquarters an nounced Tuesday W The enemy attacked with tanks and truck borne infantry at the coasial end of the battle line west of El Alamein Monday a communique said and there was contact also between on Posins columns inland on the southern end of the line out there was no indication which side was on the offensive there As the land front flared back into action Britain harried the axis Mediterranean supply lines trying with the great guns of her fleet and far reaching bombers of the RAF to choke off reinforce ments for the enemy and whittle down his reserves of machines and supplies Air activity was intensified in the battle area said the joint re port of British headquarters and the RAF Our fighters fighterbombers and light bombers attacked land ing grounds in the El Daba area of tankrahd largecon cerjtrations of vehicles All attacks were successful some tanks being destroyed and at least six enemy aircraft were shot down in addition to others destroyed on the ground if All these air operations in cluding a battle over Malta Monday in which at least five enemy raiders were destroyed and others damaged cost the British only one plane One by one Britains air and sea arms picked off the ports be hind Nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommel whence he might get more men and material to tip the balance on the deadlocked front and put his stalled drive on Alexandria back in motion When Matruh the axis most Hero Gets Bars Joseph Lockaid as a private stationed near Pearl 0 nian to detect VichyReject Proposals of F R on Ships at Alexandria Roosevelt Suggested Warships Be Taken From Danger Zone WASHINGTON lfi Acting Secretary of State Welles disclosed Tuesday that the Vichy govern ment had rejected two by President Roosevelt for the re moval of demilitarized French warships from the Egyptian war zone The seven warships involved were demilitarized by agreement with the British shortly after the advanced supply port barelyToo then havc remaned inthe c literacy was knocked naval base at Alexandria v miles back out by British naval planes and warships which flung 700 shells look 200 miles furtherwestward to Tobruk as the nearest point where any considerable supplies could be landed fall of France in 194D and since then have remained in the British Iowa State College Prepares to Enroll 6000 Students in Fall AMES Charles E Fri ley president of Iowa Stale cbl lego said Tuesday are being made for preparations full emoll uiwl enro ment of 6000 students at the col lege in the fall Few courses have been dropped and many have been added Dr said An important factor in the preparations to accommodate the dTullsKed student body he said is the widespread enrollment in the enlisted reserves of the vari ous branches of the army serv ice The students have their choice as to which branch they to enter In addition to thc regularly en rolled student body at the college m the fall will be about 800 navy trainees being trained for elec tricians mates These men are housed in the mens residence halls President Roosevelt Welles said proposed to Vichy on July hat the warships be moved through the Suez canal under the protective custody of the United States and sailed to an American port or some neutral port for inlernmenl until he end of thc war The president pointed nut o the Vichy government that the war ships at Alexandria were in a pre carious position always likely to be subject to attack whereas if they were removed lo another port far from the war zone they would be safeguarded and returned to France after the war At the same time Mr Roosevelt warned Vichy that if this offer were rejected the British would be justified in ordering the French warships out of Alexandria through the canal and if thev did not follow such British orders the British would be fully justified in destroying them This offer however was re jected by Chief of Pierre Laval On July 9 President Roosevelt made a second proposal He gested that the warships be with drawn through thc canal and proceed under British and American guarantees of safe pass Government age to the French Caribbean pos session Martinique Tlierei he said they could be immobilized for the duration of the war in the same way that French warships already at Martinique arc being immobil GESTAPO CHIEF IN JUGOSLAVIA REPORTED SHOT Demonstrations and Sabotage Occur in France on Bastille Day BULLETIX NEW YORK broad cast by radio London in the German language said Tuesday that it gestapo agents were killed in a Belgian town The broadcast here by United Tress LONDON anniver sary of Frances Bastille day was a signal for demonstrations throughout Europe against axis oppression Tuesday and in Jugo slavia the chief of the German gestapo Major Helm was reported shot and killed as he walked along Zaorebs main street Jugoslav officials here reported the shooting and said other ges tapo agents walking with Helm fired at passersby and at the win u ui dow from which they believed the i soviot commissar to shotswhich lillorl ij London nnd Washinton wu llltl shots which killed Helm had come They also reported that patriots in Zagreb Gradski and Podrum throwing hand grenades had killed and wounded about 700 of the enemy A French underground army promised a second front early deliverance and revenge on their oppressors were defying the Germans on an increasingly large scale Bombs had exploded in the of fice the Trench tricolor legion and Jacques Doriofs peoples fascist party in Bourses Much damage was admitted but there were no immediate reports of casualties French gendarmes accompanied sy German police had taken a nest in Pas dc Calais Hint Russia Has Large Reserve Force By LOUJS F KEEftlLE Of the United Press War Desk A hint that Russia has large forces in reserve and is capable of starting a counteroffensive against the Germans especially in con junction with an offensive by the united nations has appeared in the communist n e w s p a p e i Pravda It was em bodied in an ar ticle by Gregory A1 c x n n d roff communist par ty propaganda chief who made a n inferential KEEMLE opening of a second front by the united nation in accordance with the understand ing reached by Russia with Britain and the United States The article appears to throw some light on the nature of that understanding During the visit of s c aas department in the north of France One patriot was killed and a by Washington Russia presumably gave thc allies somu idea of its armed strength and of its ability to withstand thc Gee mans if given proper help Molo toy expressed complete satisfaction j with the assurance given by dent Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Although the Russians now arc hems hard pressed on the Voro nezh front where the Germans broken through and are threatening Rostov Slaliugrad and the Caucasus there has been no open demand by Moscow for an immediate allied miliiary ex pedition against hc Germans Presumably the Russians still arc sadsfied with he arrangements made and arc reljing on lie united nations not to let hem down 1 ized with the assurance that they would be returned to France at thc end of the war The president emphasized that he made this proposal whatever might be the develop ments m the African zone in thc near French warships there would be in danger of at tack This proposal also was rejected Welles asserted the Vichy gov ernment insisting that the ships should proceed to a nearby French port stander wounded Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Tuesday after noon nn3 Wednesday forenoon IOWA Hatlictcool Tuesday after noon and Tuesday night Scat tered thunder showers Tuesday night and Wednesday morniiv in southwest portions Tuesday afternoon MINNESOTA Continued cool to seasonable temperature Tues day afternoon through Wednes day morning with scattered showers in extreme west por tions and near Iowa border Wednesday morning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday it Minimum Monday night 59 At 8 a m Tuesday 66 Rain 116 inches YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 74 Can Quit Sugar MOBERLY Mo 32 mile round trip for sugar and how much home canning did they do last year The problems were loo mucli for Myra Riherd 71 and her S year old brother Write sisler Myra to the ration ing board We have no car no hoss and buggy My brother says dammit I quit whisky I quit smoking and I can quit sugar couldnt answer all the silly questions about how to Gasoline Distributing Plant Destroyed in Blast 4 Die WAYNESVILLE N C A thunderous explosion early Tuesday at the distributing plant of the Standard Oil company New Jersey killed at least four persons and hospitalized eight others The condition of the in jured was described as serious The plant and two nearby houses were destroyed and three other houses were damaged The detonation was heard for L Stringfield chief of po lice in this little mountain town said the explosion occurred at 330 a m while a large gasoline transport was unloading He said that indications were that a leak in the hose touched off thc blast igniting some 40000 gallons of gasoline Andrew Caldwcl and her two children were burned to death in their home adjacent to the reports said that railways n blown up at Monchy near the mouth of the rivet Somme and at Anviaux Lieutenant General Niehoff German military commander at Lille announced that 50 commu nists had been deported for sabo Says 700 Croats Killed in Nazi Reprisal Move LONDON Jugoslav government spokesman declared Tuesday 700 Croats had been Rilled in reprisals by the Ger man gcslapo following assassi nations of the gestapo chief of Zagreb The sreslapo guards ran amuck after the attack on Ala jor Helm the Jugoslav spokes man said sliootinsr at everyone moving on thc street and hurl ing hand grenades through nearby windows During the day the Ger mans rounded up almost all persons in the immediate neighborhood and shot them fage Inasmuch as executions and deportations are German com panion reprisals for sabotage it would appear that some patriots also had been shot K was against this rising tide of disaffection and he pros pects hat it would increase on Bastille day hat General Oberg chief of the gestapo in France ordered all male members over 18 of he families of French patriots accused of sabotage ami attacks on Germans executed within 10 days if the patriots did not surrender AH women would be sent into forced labor and all children sent to reformatories Oncrgs definition of family in cluded cousins ana sonsinlaw Lieut Gen Alexander von Faulkenhausen German miliiary commander of the departments of Nord and Pas dc Calais France and Belgium announced Monday that he had seized a large num ber of hostages By a reasonable attitude and by helping to prevent acts of sabo tage the population of Belgium and the north of France can save the lives of their fellow citizens who are being held as hostages he said It was doubted that such Among the injured were L 01 c named the Fighting French to in clude patriots resisting in Fraricc advised against violence If so it is an encouraging thought at a time when the Ger mans arc at ihe peak of their major summer offensive and have scored successes both on the south crn and central fronts The situation on the southern front is not any too clear Shortly after the Russians admitted a German break through near Vor onezh the Red Star soviet armv newspaper said thc Russians had started a strong counterattack on a wide front there Russian withdrawals near Rzhev northwest of Moscow and around Voronezh need not be viewed with too much pessimism The main German effort is in the Voronezh area and the action on the centra front may be a diver sion as part of the southern push rather than a drive for Moscow It would he surprising in view of the h u K e force Ilc Germans have liiroivn in southern drive that they should not score at least initial suc cess in Ihc first weeks of he drive The Russians undoubtedly have ouilt defenses in great depth and can always withdraw to prepared positions Since they have ex pected the Caucasus drive for months they have had ample time to make their dispositions It was these withdrawal tac tics which enabled the Russians to stop the German offensive futumn When it was stopped the Russians did not rest but dis closed unexpected reserves and started a coimtcrdrive that drove the Germans back and regained about one fifth of the lost Rus sian territory AlexandroiPs statement sug gests that thc Russians have hopes of doing the same thin this time with allied aid NELSON VISIONS URGE RUBBER OUTPUT IN 44 Thinks U S Can Meet AH Essential Uses Then of United Nations WASHINGTON URJWar Pro duction Board Chairman Donald M Nelson asserted before a agriculture subcommittee Tuesday that he is confident that by 1944 the United State will be able o Boat With Guns Blazing Goes Aground SAN FRANCISCO V eightythree foot U S naval pa trol boat ran aground early luesday on the seal rocks near the entrance to the golden gale but the ships three officers and 10 men were rescused by breeches buoy The men under the command of Ensign IV B Sims Momerly 3Io were treated for submer sion and exposure but no one was injured seriously he navy announced supply rubber for essential and civilian uses of the united nations f He old subcummiltcc headed by Senator Guv M Gil lette Democrat that dur Ue remainder of 1912 the nations synthetic rubier pro gram would reach a total pro duction of 32300 tonS and that an additional 73000 tons would be manufactured during ihe first half of 194J NAZIS SUPERIOR TO REDS IN MEN AND MACHINES Russ Paper Sees German Drive as Race Before Second Front Is Opened By CLYDE A FARXSWORTH Associated Press War Editor Three German columns supe rior to the Russians in the number r i i of men and machines were stab A navy press relations officer their way Tuesday into the aid an effort would be made to I Northern neck ot the Caucasian float the converted fishing boat alen threatening at once a sweep to the industrialized lower Vola and isolation or the entire Cauca at hig tide Tuesday He said it appeared the boat was merely beached and not hung on a rock Thc boat drifting helplessly to ward the rocky shore came out of the darkness with machine guns blazin and rockets flaring in an attempt to atract attention The rattle of guns and flash ing of flares led many residents of the beach area lo jump to the conclusion hat a Jap landing party was attempting lo storm the entrance to thc golden gate One sentry at a nearby post de clared when that gun started fir ing and with those Clares shooting he siid proI off every which wav I Strong RAF Force Starts Fires in Raicl Against Duisburg fn1vA forcc of RAF bombers cut a new sivaih of fiery destruction Monday across the Ruhr the frequently bombed heart ot Hitlers wartime heavy industry The British failed to identify specific targets but the Germans said bombs fell on Dtiisburg greatest inland port in Europe Participating pilots said it was a good medium si zed show which eft fires burning in a big indus trial area Buy war savfnes bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette arncr boy 3380000 ilC a Kelson lold the subcommittee which is investigating production of industrial alcohol and synthetic rubber that there are three needs which the rubber program must meet They are he said the military needs of the united nations neces sary civilian uses of the automi bile and the cssenlial needs of communities He classified war workers as civilians needing automobiles and added that the essential needs of communities consisted of ires for health fire and police department vehicles The war proiliiclion chief re vealed that this country is now rubber to many of tile united nations hul assorted that such exports arc only for the absolutely necessary needs of our allies i Appearing in opposition lo Icis lation introduced by the subcom mittee to shear off the WPBs rubber production powers Kelson asserted that thc synthetic rubber program should not be handled by a special agency such as is con templated in the measure Such effort requires central con trol by someone who can see Ihc whole picture he sad sus Itcii Star the Russian army newspaper characterized the offensive as a mighty race for victorsbefore a second Euro pean front could he opened The Germans wanl tn defeat us before our allies can land un the continent Uetl Star said The Russians acknowledging the threat to Stalingrad on thc Volf1 is the deepest penetration of Russian soil so far said that the enemy bad gained ground m the south of Bojjuchar which would place the German spear off every which way I om aojuchar which oh boy this is it I ran to call Thc I woulcl Placc lllc German spcar sorRcant beads either on the fringe ot or A large group ot spectators within the socalled north gathered to watch the rescue work Cauf1Sia1 avea This extend Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy gathered to watch the rescue work from nearby cliffs Formidable rocks line the shore side of a narrow navigational channel and make the scene o thc mishap a notorious danger area The site is a short distance from the spot where the freighter Ohioan crashed ashore in a dense fog Oct 7 193G Bitsof weatlierbeatcn wreck age from thc Ohioan and the tanker Frank H Buck can still be seen on the jagged shoreline far below thc clifflike Point Lobos Inndfnll which marks the en trance to San Francisco bay The Frank II Buck collided with thc turnsPacific liner Presi dent Coolidge in the channel in March Strong currents dragged Ihc tanker shoreward where several unsuccessful at tempts were made to salvage her Finally parts of he vessel were dismantled for scrap metal and the bare framework was left to he ground to pieces by wave action WILL IXDUCT HAL ROACH HOLLYWOOD UP Ha Roach movie producer best known for his comedies Tuesday said he would report July 25 for induction as a major in the U S army signal corps He expected to be assigned to Long Island Press Closer to Caucasus SOVIET RUSSIA New drives in the Rostov area J d f Boguchar 2 have brought the German menace closer lo the Caucasus oil Shaded arrows indicate possible objectives 1hc struggle for Voronezh 3 continued with ul cahons shaded arrows that a German triumph would h7drf t0 split Moscow from thc and ihPA fanitle industrial claime that they fought off new attacks in thc Kalinin area 4 out Germans claimed new victories south of Rzhev northward between thc Ukraine and the Stalingrad area Axis reports on this phase oC thc battle o the Don basin placed the fighting well ivithiii the north Caucasian area at Migulinak M miles down thc Don from Bogu clmr nnd about IfiO miles north west of Stalingrad i Coincidingwith observance of Bastille day there were reports in London of German prepara tions Jiffainst invasion of llic Netherlands 15 c I K i u m and France and the British press in crcascii its clamor for a second front to aid he liattcrcii red armies It seemed more than crcr that only a great diversion afimk or at the rear or sheer German ex haustion i the tat of healhur down thc resistance of the red army could curb or halt Hitters allout effort By comparison with the threat ening disaster in thc battle of Hussia outstanding developments in other war such as the repulse of another eastward lunsc by axis force in Egypt and an overnight RAF raid in thc cus tomary strong fashion on indus trial objectives in Germanys Ruhr valley verged on the inconse quential Tlie Russians once successful in winter counter offensives that rentified the vast hattlelinc to their advantajtc sccmccl unable to seize the initiative save in isolated sectors as illustrated by Tuesdays Moscow reports that llic Germans had been put on Ihc defensive in a sector nf thc Kalinin front northwest nf Moscow tile Germans plowed toward lie Votea intl the Caucasus on Ihe south V Russian reports sard that a Ger man attempt at vertical envelop ment of Russian positions north west of MOFCOIV with air borne r troops had been liquidated with many of them shot down before landing and the remainder wiped out aground Despite this it was conceded that the Germans with Numerical superiority in the German chosen for offensive action hid Sained ground both near Rzhev which lies southwest of Kalinin and 130 miles from Moscow nnd in their drives across the Don basin against thc lower Volga ami the upper Caucasus Russian reports had little op timism md left scant territorial claims for thc Germans lo make which iiad riot already been con ceded The Hitler command an nounced that lie transDon of fensive had hccn extended with Rains further to thc south ami encirclement of a body Of Rus sian troops northwest of Vor onezh The Russians admitted that the enemy had broken tnroueh at Voronezh on the up per Don SCO miles south of Moscow Axis reports via Stockholm said the German thrust toward Stalin grad industrial center at an elbow of the lower Volga had carried from Boguchar southeast along thc Don through Kazansk to thc outskirts of MiRulinsfc Thc Rus sian communique fpokc of fight ing south of Boguchil admitting an extension of the penetration there Migulinsk is about sn miles northwest of Stalingrad The fight ;