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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 14, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H E R MEM r o F i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS I COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIJtE SKKV1CE The Start of Drought Stewart Thinks Man Is To Blame for Troubles By CHA11LES V STEWART ASHINGTON 40 years ago an old chap of the name of Camp bell ran in Sioux City Iowa a weekly publica tion called Soil Culture It was devoted to the develop ment of what was known as dry farming That is to say it explained how crops could be produced in terri tory where the normal rainfall was scanty It advocated very deep plowing and then the systematic scratching of the plowedup surface into what was described as a dust mulch about an inch deep to re tain whatever moisture did fall like a saturated blanket Professor Campbell was regarded then as a great was going to make the semidesert blos som like a rose He was fanatically sincere and had many followers The farmer who didnt pulverize his acres preparatory to blowin away down to hardpan was re garded as a lazy cultivator Storms The scheme worked fairly well for a while before the blowing away process had progressed far It probably did not do much dam MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 14 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION Olsy NO 239 IOWANS GIVEN Alvin Karpis Admits Hamm Kidnaping OF PLEA OF GUILTY Sentence Deferred Until Conclusion of Trial of Two Others age in Iowa and adjoinin For one thing that area is well regions rainedon and never has required the intensive Campbell treatment Furthermore the ground is known as heavy and sticky to stay pulverized or to be wafted from its moorings anyway In other parts of the northwest and some of the more southerly west likewise the soil is dustier sandier is too mild a word for Ground to powder it yielded re suits if Immediately rained on the winds scooped it up and it began to vanish in dust storms Water Holes Gone It took a little time for this ten dency to manifest itself Now it is doing so Another item In my day in the middle north west nearly half a century agoi the country was covered by little lakes and sloughs called They furnished a water supply from which the sun could suck up moi sture and redispense it judgemati caliy Practically all of these little wa ter holes have been drained oft to make room for cultivation and the lack of them has upset the rainfall In brief the climate has been changed Beavers Too Gone I can remember when beavers regulated irrigation For instance Beaver Dam Wisconsin They did not supervise the lower reaches of streams like the Missis sippi but they regulated them from their headwaters Now the little an imals are exterminated Game wardens have tried to check the destruction of wild life but they havent been very success ful The new deal has manifested an inclination to get back to first prin ciples Got No Action It named Ding Darling cari loonist as one of its conservators But Ding couldnt get any ac resigned as a public ser vant because he recognized that hi cause was helpless Conservation It is a new deal principle ST PAUL Karpis whose capture in New Orleans last May 1 ended a long scries of depre ciations the government charged in cluded at least two major kidnap ings pleaded guilty to one of them in federal court Tuesday He admitted to Judge M M Joyce he was a conspirator in the 5100000 ransom abduction of Will iam Hamm St Paul Brewing com pany head seined here June 15 1933 and released four days later Still pending against the one time No 1 outlaw in the nation however an indictment charging he par ticipated in the seizure six months later of Edward G Bremcr St Paul bank president held 22 days for 8200000 ransom District Attorney George F Sullivan said he would be tried on this charge probably this Crime Career Ends fall Under Heavy Guard Karpis was brought to the hot courtroom from the county jail where he had been held under 5500 000 bail since shortly after he was apprehended under heavy guard His attorney Thomas J Newman informed the court his client wished to change his plea to guilty You have heard the statement of your counsel Judge Joyce told syoniMlsKtachange your plea Karpis did not answer Pressed Tor a reply he nodded his head and n a low voice said Yes Sentence Is Deferred The plea came as trial of Karpis and two others began Judge Joyce deferred sentence until conclusion of the trial of Edmund C Bartholomey former postmaster of Bensenville 111 and John P Jack Pcifer St Paul nightclub owner Because of the intense heat Judge Joyce modified the usual custom of appearing in federal court with suit coats Virtually all the men and women called as prospective iurors counsel for the government and de fense and federal attaches were in shirt sleeves as the trial opened Karpis plea was the third admis sion of defendants in the kidnaping Previously Byron Bolton alleged machine gunner for the BarkerKar pis mob and Charles Big Fitz Fitzgerald Los Angeles pleaded uilty Their sentences likewise have been deferred until the end of the present trial ALVIN KAKPJS However one would like to hear a program enunciated How and where replant farmers from the stricken districts to pros perous districts There is action now in the drought crisis but what is the specific longterm program ROOSEVELT GOES ON BOARD YACHT President Arrives at Maine Port to Start Two Weeks Sailing Vacation ROCKLAND Maine dent Roosevelt arrived here Tuesday morning by special train and motored immediately to the docks to board the government yacht Po tomac An hours cruise lay ahead to Pul pit Island to board the schooner Sewanna for the start of his two weeks vacation of sailing in north Atlantic waters Several hundred persons greeted the president as he alighted from ihe HELD AS TiPTON KILLING SUSPECT Mercer Is Arrested in San Francisco Iowa Agent Checks Identity BULLETIN SAN FRANCISCO tor Daniel J ONeil announced Tuesday that John MeWJCjc 27 had signeda confession VayihgTie had shot and killed a vigilante at Tipton Iowa on Aug 8 1930 af ter a series of 57 robberies DES MOINES Glen Schmidt of the state bureau of in vestigation checked the identity Tuesday of a man held in San Fran cisco as one of the suspected slay ers of R G Sproat Tipton Iowa vigilante in 1930 Schmidt said the man who gave the name of John Mercer alias Robert Reed may be Jack Mercer one of the two Mercer brothers sought in the slaying A hunt was launched for Jack and Roy Mercer and Wayne Kile after the shooting Kile now is serving a life term in Fort Madison penitentiary after his conviction of first degree murder charges following his arrest near Canton Ohio in September 1930 Thought Located Once Authorities at one time thought they had located the Mercer broth ers said to be the sons of a well nown Philadelphia family in the 3ahama islands They spent fruit ess days watching a boat the Mer cers were believed to have aband oned there a Tipton grocer and lav enforcement enthusiast was sho down when he and the Cedar count sheriff tried to stop a car contain ing three men who had robbed th n store Davenpor laims He was Given Shot j of sis Bandits Ignore Commands The bandits ignored commands to stop answering with a hail of shots Sproat wounded toppled into a ditch and the car sped on through SISTER CHARGES LOUIS WAS DOPED A F of L Set to Oust Mine Unions By JOSKlH L MILLEIl WASHINGTON Ameri can Federation of Labors executive council was reported Tuesday ii usually well informed quarters to be ready to oust the United Mine Workers and 11 other rebel unions With a vote slated for Tuesday or Wednesday a substantial ma jority of the 17 council members was represented as feeling that suspension of the 12 unions af filiated with the committee for in dustrial organization was the only course open to them What else can we do That was the question that punc tuated their hotel lobby talk They recalled that John L Lewis president of the United Mine Work ers repeatedly had said the C I O intended to organize all the workers in each mass production industry into one big industrial union with out regard for the various craft unions claim that they should en roll the skilled craftsmen Aggrieved at Failure They expressed themselves as particularly aggrieved over the fail ire of Lewis and his associates to answer a summons to appear before the council at its current meeting 0 answer charges that the C I 0 vas working at cross purposes with the federation William Green Federation presi dent publicly expressed the feeling of a number of council members We had hoped that out of ou conferences some settlement could have been reached Green told re porters the primary purpose ofthe conferences Unfortunately they refused to come That makes it very difficult for the council George Harrison president of the railway clerks was one of the few council members who would not concede that a split was probable Averted Building Break Less than a year ago Harrison single handedly averted a break in the building trades department that would have taken 12 unions out of the federation Appointed by Green to try to make peace Harrison fin ally brought the warring groups into conference and arranged a settlement that Green later called CHARGED WITH SELLING JAPAN NAVAL SECRETS Former Officer Had Been Fired From Service 9 Years Ago WASHINGTON S Farnsworth former lieutenant com mander in the United States navy pleaded innocent Tuesday to a charge of communicating confiden tial naval information to a Japanese agent The former naval officer arrested secretly here Monday by navy representatives and J Edgar Hoov ers agents was arraigned before United States Commissioner Need ham C Turnagc Turnage set his bond at 510000 which he was unable to make im mediately Preliminary bearing of the charges against Farnsworth was postponed until July 29 A former resident of Cincinnati le had been discharged from the service nine years ago on charges of conduct prejudicial to the navy Watched lor Years Roger Robb assistant United States district attorney said a war rant alleged the offense was com mitted May 15 1930 The former officer had been watched for several years he said Not Believed one of the most noteworthy events in the federations history When the council last January decided the Lewis committee must be abandoned Green again ap pointed Harrison to act as peace maker He failed in his first effort o convince the Lewis group that they should give up independent action but he has worked day and night for the last week to try to more time for further peace on Day HeWas Knocked Out by Schmeling CHICAGO Chicago Evening American in a copyright ed story Tuesday quoted Mrs Eulalia Barrow Gaines of Detroit sister of Joe Louis as saying the fighter was given a shot of dope the day he was knocked out by Max Schmeling A sworn affidavit containing the charge as set forth bv Mrs Gaines was mailed from Chicago today to John L Phelan New York chair man of the New York State Athletic commission the American says The document which was request ed by Phelan and puts the commis sion in the position of having to force a shoxvdown on the charges was signed by Sheridan A Eruscax head of a private detective agency The affidavit of Bruseax states that the charge that Louis was need ed on the day of the fight in the Yankee stadium June 19 which Louis lost by a knockout in the twelfth round was made by Mrs iaines on the night of July 2 in a Chicago hotel The charges were made according j o the affidavit in the presence of U Monroe sports editor of the Chi ago Defender a Negro publica ioh Edward PJicque connected rith the Davoy Athletic club a Ne TO organization and Miss Semmie Tipton Robert E Moore farmer was held prisoner Tipton by the slayers who forced him to aid their escape after their own car crashed near his farm Moore was released 12 hours later near East Dubuque 111 A state reward of S250 is out standing for the arrest of each of the Mercers Friends of the slain vigilante also posted a reward for the brothers Los Angeles Stores Blame Bread Price Boost on to Drought LOS ANGELES nickel size loaf of bread has a 6 cent price tag in Los Angeles stores Tuesday Bakers made the increase because they said the midwest drought boosted wheat prices Htchell of Detroit Shoots and Kills Himself CHEROKEE Carring ton So shot and killed himself on the Cliff Conley farm washta Paris Reds in Two Bastille Day Parades PARIS red parades swarmed through Paris Tuesday as France celebrated the anniversary of the fall of the bastille in 1789 The marchers were celebrating not only the revolution which over threw the monarchy but also the south of I victory of the peoples front in the i elections six weeks ago LOOK INSIDE John llamiltf James A Farley Accusations Traded by Parly Chairmen ON PAGE 2 ar Driver Overcome by Heart Is Injured ON PAGE 5 Baptists Start Iowa Falls Session Classes ON PAGE 5 Water Consumption Up Million Gallons a Day ON PAGK 14 and had spent most of that time in Washington and St Louis State department officials told reporters the affair probably would lot be broughtitotiie attention0 he Japanese government through Jiplomaic channels They expected the navy and justice department to seek a swift trial The Japanese officer alleged to lave received the confidential pub cation from Farnsworth was nol lamed by Robb but he intimated hat his name was known to American naval authorities An early arrest was hinted He was graduated in 1915 from the naval academy at Annapolis and served two tours of duty afterward Served Twu Years The Navy academy yearbook for 1915 said of him JEAN BELL His daring and reckless conduct has been the utter despair of the executive department during his four 3ear sojourn J Edgar Hoover of the justice department said Farnsworths ac tivities were not connected with those of Harry Thomas Thompson sentenced to serve 15 years on July 3 after conviction in Los Angeles of selling confidential fleet data to a Japanese secret agent The nature of the confidential publication mentioned in the war rant against Farnsworth was not disclosed Farnsworth was born in Illinois on Aug 13 1893 and was appointed to the academy from Ohio in 1911 Tried in 1927 In the autumn of 1827 he was tried by a general court martial at I the Philadelphia navy yard on charges of violating regulations is sued by the secretary of the navy and of scandalous conduct tending to the destruction of good morals He was found guilty and recom mended for dismissal On Nov 2 1927 the sentence was confirmed by President Coolidge Officials said the first charge was concerned with Farnsworths hav ing pecuniary dealings with an en listed man in violation of lawful regulations and that the second charge had to do with inducements to perjury DENIES STORY OF BRANDING HOAX GuTs Tale Is Doubted by Detectives Following Long Quizzing WASHINGTON Tl Angrily stamping her foot 23 year old Jean Bell sat in a circle of skeptical de tectives Tuesday and denied after hours of questioning that her story of being branded by a vice ring killer wasa hoax Isnt it all a hoax one of the shirt sleeved policeman shot at her No it most certainly is not she answered After 1G hours of continuous questioning by seven detectives the girl stuck to her account and the questioning was recessed shortly be fore 7 a m until later in the day She has made within the last few hours several conflicting state ments said Chief of Detectives Bernard Thompson HVO MEiV AKE HKLt FOK WASHINGTON AUTHOKITIES NEW YORK men were taken into custody by police Tues day at the request of Washington authorities investigating Jean Bells story she was branded by a vice avenger The men were listed at headquar ers as Joseph Silver 36 and Leo Marmone 34 both of Brooklyn Acting Captain Bernard J Dowd State Death List Mounts to Over 100 DBS MOINES weather bureau extended hope of relief to sweltering lowans Tuesday Its cautious forecast for unsettled conditions Mid local thundcrshowcrs offered early prospects of a break in the high temperatures which again Tuesday for the twelfth suc cessive day took a toll of Iowa lives and crops The Iowa death list meanwhile advanced to 119 and prostrations again were numerous Mondays on slaught added 36 names to the roll of persons for whose deaths heat was blamed directly Conditions Unsettled Unsettled conditions were expect ed to first make their effects felt in he northwest section of the stale jy bringing local showers which hough light were expected to semi thermometers downward The same conditions were to move nto the eastern and southern por ions Tuesday night or Wednesday weather bureau here said its charts indicated Not so warm Tuesday night Cooler Wednesday it assured Tuesdays temperatures however arly ranged around those of Mon day mounting steadily during the morning hours All of Mondays Tiaximums reported to the weather ureau here again were over 100 de grees 112 State High At Washington Iowa and at Wa crloo thermometers reached the tate highs of 112 while at many loints new local heat marks for the icason were sot Washingtons 110 IN MASON CITY Another new all time record temperature was reached in Ma son City Tuesday afternoon with the mercury climbing to 110 de grees at 2 oclock Other highs in Iowa induced Cedar Rapids 112 Ottumwa 111 Davenport 110S Waterloo 110 Clinton 1085 Marshalltown 108 Du buque 107 Centerville 106 Charles City 105 Council Bluffs 104 Thermometer Causes Preston Garage Fire PRESTON Thermometers are supposed to indicate cause it The situation was icverscd here Monday A large thermometer on the May bohm garage burst when the mer cury expanded to the top The empty tube acted as a magnifying lass and set fire to the building Nick Maybohm garage owner al vho questioned the men said nei her was under arrest They are be ng held pending word from the Vashington police Dowd member of Special Prose utor Thomas E Deweys investi staff said Silver admitted mowing the Bell woman Marmone enied he knew her Dewey said Monday the woman ad been held as a material wit ess in the case against Charles Lucky Luciano and members of his gang but had not been called to testify because she was unre liable high at first was reported at 1155 but the official rcchcck returned the lower figure DCS Moines 107 was five degrees higher than the top for any July 1 in the capital city Tuesday th Des Moines anticipated reading was given at 105 to be followed by a f5 degree top Wednesday Whatever rain does fall in the northwest probably will be light the weather bureau said While nol in itself bringing moisture to aid crops materially the downturn in temperatures which should follow will agricultural authorities be lieve prove a great help Heat Worst Factor The corn crop in particular has Two Chicks Hatched Out of Bad Eggs FORECAST IOWA Unsettled local thun in northwest Tuesday afternoon or Tuesday night and in east and south Tuesday night or Wednesday not so warm Tuesday night cooler Wednesday MINNESOTA Unsettled local thundershowerg in west Tuesday afternoon or night and probably in east portion Tuesday night and Wednesday somewhat cooler in west ami snutli portions IN MASON CiTY GlobeGazette weather figures for not been suffering so much from drought as from the hot winds and continued high temperatures they point out Federal agricultural sta tistician Leslie Carl said rains now will start the corn toward rapid progress and improvement Any change now will come too late to save a large part of Iowa pasture and of the small grains crops however they agreed DAKOTA COOLED OFF BY SHOWERS 2082 Dead and Billion Dollars Crop Damage for 12 Days IJKOUGHI AT A GLANCE wave and rain forecast for drought heat ridden north central states late Wednes day as death list mounts to 20S2 and crop damage is figured at billion dollars ST break hent wave in parts of Dakotas Minne sota Montana and Nebraska of Michi gan where record heat has taken lives await cool wave as tem peratures again surpass 100 mark WASHINGTON WPA Ad ministrator Hopkins reveals Pres ident Roosevelt makes available additional for soil ero sion and other work much in drought area Administrator Tugwell prepares to leave tonight for Bismarck N Dak to personally assume charge of RVs drought relief ac tivities figures RA will he callH upon to assist 125000 farm fami lies in drought area LOS ANGELKS rne c nickel loaf of bread niiscd Irom 5 to 6 cents due bakers said to boost in wheat prices caused by drought prices raised in half a dozen cities ascribed to reduced supplies because of droughtburned pasturage COLORADO SPRINGS Secretary of Agriculture Henry A Wallace in speech held no fears of food shortage in nation but assailed those who have tried for their own purposes to scare the consumer about food scar city Declared government pre pared to take care of the drought prices lower as traders indicate relief rain will save crop wheat rye oats and provisions follow suit men fight Superior National forest fire in Minnesota over 15001SOD acre Two smaller fires in same area under control ROCHESTER M YTimes Union quotes National Grange Master Louis J Tabor as advo cating crop insurance protection which would nave to be federal in character for drought area farmers plans huge drought emergency cattle buying program DES MOINES suffers hottest day Fear for corn crop as ground moisture dwindles CHICAGO weather and rain is on its way to the heat baked north central states Weather Fore caster J R Lloyd said Tuesday and DCS Moincs Tuesday a conj he added he believed frying millions fcrcnce called by J J Hughes fed eral agriculture coorrlinator for Iowa considered whether to seek inclusion of some of the state in the federal drought relief program LINDBERGH MAY CALL ON HITLER Flyer Reported Planning to Visit Germany During Next Week BERLIN The probability that Col Charles A Lindbergh will meet Rcichsfuchrer Hitler next week was disclosed by an authori tative source Monday This source said Die rimous aviator would visit Getj 1Ilmols Indiana Wiscon would not be fooled this time Last Saturday Lloyd predicted a general break in the broiling tem peratures It failed to materialize With the twelfth consecutive day of 100 degree or higher heat for the area 2082 deaths and crop damage estimated at a billion dollars had been attributed to the destructive ness of a scarlet sun and cloudless skies But Lloyd said a precipitation laden really cool mass which Monday night deposited moisture and radically lowered temperatures in parts of the Dakotas Minnesota and Nebraska was traveling south east toward middle America at sn average speed of 33 miles an hour Iowa Will Benefit By Wednesday afternoon or night he said states which will benefit by showers will include Minnesota Inwji Missouri eastern Kansas hour period ending Tuesday morning at S oclock urn Minimum in Night 70 At 8 A M Tuesday y Ten consecutive days with a tem perature of 100 or out of the first M days of July in fact have given North lowans something to tell their grandchildren By 10 oclock Tuesday the mercury had touched the 104 mark which is higher than it has been at this hour on any previous day A falling CHARLES CITY a barometerTuesday contained as peep peep from a pail of discardmuch hope as the weather forecast ri eggs a local poultry house disBy 11 oclock Tuesday the torn overed that the heat had hatched j Cratiirn had risen to 106 and at 2 from tc oclock hnd reached 110 for anew allon which the visit time record tcmplatcd many July 22 and 25 and that the air ministry had completed arrange merits for his reception However United States embassy attaches said It is not at all cer tain Colonel Lindbergh will come We know nothing of a visit to Reichsfuehrer Hitler but of course sin Ohio and Michigan Western Minnesota the wcsUm Dakotas Nebraska and other north west states which already have benefited from the cool air mass were to receive continued relief in the form of showers Tuesday and Wednesday Lloyd added Also clue for relief from the in tense heat were Michigan where record shattering temperatures have taken 106 lives in the last few davs if Hitler should express a desire to see the colonel that is another mat ter The source which told of Lind berghs intended visit saul his proI and Wisconsin He said gram would include visits to the i which has recorded 284 deaths leading airplane factories principal airports the Olympic stadium and the Olympic villa two chicks had eggs Gen Hermann Wilhelm Gocring minister of aviation was to be host to Lindbergh on tin day In Hitlfr is con would not be materially helped by the cool air but would see a mer cury drop irom the first rain Ohio Valley lo Wait As the column of cooi air will nut continue past northern Ohio nothcni Indiana Lloyd said Ohio valley must await its icliV ;