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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 14, 1931, Mason City, Iowa rr J I W t J North Iowas Edited for the Home THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS JSTEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XXXVII Chaos Aids Communism Coal Mine Industry Trouble Worry to Government This Is the fourth dispatch of a special series analyzing the critical bltumlnons coal mine situation By CHARLES P STEWART PITTSBURGH July 14 The National Miners union is not at the bottom of all the trouble Jn the bituminous coal industry Indeed the coal mine owners do not say it is They say the basic cause of the trouble is the chaotic state of the industry Itself How ever the National Unions part in it is what has been worrying gov ernmental folk in Washington of late leading to Secretary of Com merce Laments call of a conference in the capital to rationalize the industry What the Washington ad ministration especially dislikes about the National Union is that this union frankly ia a communistic out fit Plain chaos has reigned in the industry since soon after the war and the administration stood it but evidently it regards chaos and com munism mixed as dangerous AJATIONAL Unionists diagnose the trouble differently They at tribute it to the soft coal mine own ers greed They dispute the owners state ment that the mining companies are operating on the narrowest possible profit margin or at no profit at all or some of them at an actual loss The big companies at any rate the National Unionists contend are making good money And none but big companies are in the business they add They admit that a few companies of nominally smallish proportions are still producing coal hut on investigation it invariably will be found according to the Na tional Unionists that these smallish companies are hooked up with the big ones sub rosa Even if a coal company does show an unsatisfactory balance sheet the National Unionists charge it simply Is because its management is selling coal to some other industry such as railroads or in which the sarne Individuals hold stock at cut prices thus putting their q at dlf ferentTO ocket themfqr one reason pf financial ex pediencyor another In brief the National Unionists say the mine owners are getting much more than their fair share of the returns from soft coal produc tion and getting it at the expense of the miners TJEGARDLE5S of the degree of ac curacy that there may be in the national Unionists account of the situation it nevertheless seems to me that they somewhat underesti Turn In rafre Column VOTE TO RECALL SEATTLE MAYOR Man Who Beat Mrs Bertha K Landes Voted Out for Incompetency SEATTLE July 14 businessman mayor Frank Ed wards was voted out of office by a decisive majority in a recall elec tion here yesterday Appearing as a dark horse in 192S Edwards was chosen to suc ceed Mrs Bertha K Landes The recall election grew out of incom petency charges made against the mayor after he had dismissed T D Roas as head of the city light de partment The unofficial returnsshowed 35 B37 for the recall and 21836 against The question was simply one of re calling the mayor no candidates having been involved Under the jaw the city council must choose a successor to Edwards within 20 days AUNT MET By Robert Quillen I could be a better wife but Pa wouldnt like it if I was perfect He couldnt en joy feelin abused neg lected CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 14 1931 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONSSECTION ONENQ 2Q6 CREDIT TO REICHSBANK RENEWED Flyers Await Rescue Ship in Siberia FRENCH FLYERS USE CHUTES AS HYPHEN STALLS Paris to Tokyo Flight Winds Up in Rocky Foothills MOSCOW July 14 Lebrix and the two French fly ers who started with him from Paris on a nonstop flight to Tokyo are waiting in the middle of Siberia today for another ship to bring them back to Moscow Their ambitious project ended last night in disaster when some thing went wrong with their plane the Hyphen and the three of them Lebrix MarcelDoret and Reue Mesmn their out in parachutes and landed In the rocky foothills of the West Sayan mountains about half way between Paris and Tokyo The place where they landed is so remote from civilization that only the most meager details of the accident have been received Its cause is not known Lebrix asked that a plane be sent to bring them home but the brief messages which have come from him have not disclosed the identity of one of the flyers who was said to havesprained an only casualty of the adventure The Hy phen was wrecked Weather Postpones Takeoff HARBOR GRACE N F July 14 of bad weather prompt ed Alexander Magyar and George V day They said they would putin the day loading 630 gallons of gasoline into their plane Justice to Hun gary and would take off as soon as the weather cleared PLAN HEARINGS UPON POLLUTION Notices Sent to Des Moines Fort Dodge Ottumwa and 3 Plants DES MOINES July 14 tices of hearings on stream pollu tion were sent out this afternoon by the department of health to Des Moines Fort Dodge and Ottumwa and to three industrial plants on the Des Moines river Tho concerns involved are the Iowa Packing company of Des Moines the Des Moines Gas com pany and the Morrell Packing plant at Ottumwa The hearings were set for 10 a m Aug 4 in the capitol at Des Moines They will be public and officials and other persons inter ested will be invited to attend Com missioner D C Steelsmith of the state department of health said To Servo Notices Sheriffs in the three cities were expected to receive the notices to morrow for service on the mayors and the heads of the industrial plants From testimony taken the health department plans to determine whether the cities and plants should be restrained from dumping un treated sewage in the Des Moines river Similar hearings were plan ned at a later date for cities on the Cedar and Iowa rivers As the costs of sewage treatment plants which the cities would be ordered to construct is more than the executive council would have to approve the orders In junction and contempt proceedings would be the recourse of the state for failureto comply Conditions Acute The state departments action follows presentation of a report by State Sanitary Engineer A H Win ters in which conditions resulting from stream pollution were said to be acute near several first class cities Wieters said the cities involved had been ordered to construct sew age treatment plants but with the exception of Boone had failed to do so He estimated the total cost of the plants In the eight cities at Spanish Parliament Jn Session After 8 Years MADRID July 14 Spanish parliament convened to night It was the first meeting in eight years BAIL OUT WHEN THEIR PLANE GOES WRONG Joseph Lehrlx Jeff Martin Dorct right and their mechanic Rcna Mesnin were forced to bail out in parachutes when their plane the Hyphen went wrong In Siberia hallway to Tokyo on their planned non stop flight from Paris Flyers Have Varied Purposes Some Fly for Fun Others Fame Money Hungarians Eyes to Country By W W CHAPLIN NEW YORK July 14 m The men and women who make long flights across the country across the sea and around the do so for a multitude of reasons which range all the way from persecution to prohibition and include such well known motives as fame and fortune and just plain fun Admiral Richard E Byrds flights are all undertaken in the name of science Col Charles A Lindbergh flies for the advancement of aviation fame and fortune being byproducts which have come to him unasked and at least as far as fame goes often unwanted Ropblns Wants Money Reg L Robbins on the other hand frankly acknowledged that the reason he tried to fly from the west coast to Tokyo and the reason he will try again is money He wants the prize offered by a Japanese newspaper Harold S Jones Robbins com panion however said that he took part in the perilous venture simply for the sport of the thing He want ed adventure and that was the way he took it Otto Hillig and Holger Hoiriis flew to Denmark in much the spirit denying that they were try ing to prove anything They were just on a vacation to their home lands and chose to go by air for fun Patriotic Flight Alexander Magyar and George Endres who hopped for Newfound land yesterday on the first leg of a flight to Hungary undertook the venture as a means of calling world attention to the persecution they say their native land has been sub jected to as a result of the treaty of Trianon News dispatches gave no motive for the attempt of Joseph Lebrix and Marcel Doret to fly from Pario to Tokyo other than that they wished to establish a new straight line nonstop record Laura Ingalls now flying to New York from the west for an attempt at a solo flight across the Atlantic Turn to 1oBe 2 Column Death of Edwards of Georgia Lifts GO P Majority in Congress ATLANTA July 14 Stricken while in a conference with two of his colleagues here Repre sentative Charles G Edwards of Savannah first Georgia district died yesterday at the age of 73 His passing restored the repub lican majoiity in the next house of representatives to two Mr Edwards was a democrat and was a member of the rivers and harbors committee CATTLE TESTING WORK RESUMED Thornbiug Says DES MOINES July 14 ferences which halted tuberculin testing of cattle in Chickasaw county have been straightened out and the work was resumed today Secretary Mark G Thornburg of the department of agriculture said Tho action of a group of about SO farmers in halting the testing on the Ben Ruhoff farm near Alta Vista yesterday was the result of a he said Dr W C McGrnth assistant tester yesterday reported that the men had refused to allow him to make the tests asserting that they were not ready Dr McGrath said he left the farm as he could do nothing Iowa Temperatures Well on Their Way Toward High Marks DES MOINES July 14 Temperatures that reached the 90s in many parts of Iowa Monday were well on their way to higher marks today Burlington with 91 degrees reg istered the highest temperature for the 24hours ending this morning Charles D Reed federal weaihcr observer said Inwood Sioux City Clarinda Alta and Kcokuk reported high temperatures of 90 experienced the lowest in Iowa 59 A trace of rain fell in Des Molncs the only precipitation in the 24 hours in Iowa Will Rogers TULSA Okla July Breakfast in Santa Monica and dniner in Claremore rushing home to help welcome Post and Gatty who are going to visit our metropolis I thot if they could fly clear around the world and come to Claremore I ought to make this hop Besides I am just anxious to see those guys Flew Western Air to Amarillo Texas Now I am flying 9000 feet at 170 miles an hour in one of these fast low wing Lock heeds belonging to the Bowenair line Its my first trip on one where they bundle the wheels up Inside the wings They say they sometimes forget to put em down Believe me Pilot Lee will be reminded of it when we start to land The wheels are under the wings and the passenger cant see if they are down 1 am going to do a little wing walking and go out and see for myself Yours WILL Soldier Dies AfterEating False Teeth Set Which Lodged in Esophagus WASHINGTON July 14 Private Olaf Nelson of Fort Bliss Texas died at Walter Reed hospital early today after five unsuccessful attempts to extract from his eso phagus artificial teeth he swallowed last SAurday The 30 year old soldier who wan rushed across country in an army ambulance plane in a race against death died at 7 oclock from suffo cation He had rallied from the fifth probing for the dental bridge which caught In his throat while eating breakfast at the Texas army post and at 4 a m was believed better than at any time since he arrived here late yesterday Surgeon General Patterson of the army and Dr James F Mitchell Washington surgeon had decided the patient could stand no further probing for the teeth until he had regained strength Nelson was completely exhausted yesterday after Major Roy Brown and other army surgeons tried for two hours to remove the obstruc tion VETS HOSPITAL HEARING JULY 21 Hines Will Preside at Des Moines Meeting on Location WASHINGTON July 14 hearing to determine the location of the veterans hospital In Iowa wil be held at Des Moines on July 21 Administrator Hines in charge or veterans affairs will preside at the hearing as chairman of a subcom mittee of the federal board of hos pltalization Sitting with him will be Rea Admiral Charles E Riggs general of the navy and General George H Wood inspector of na tional homes for the veterans ad ministration Col John J Phelan construction engineer for the administration al so will be present Representatives of any communi ties in the state interested in the location of the proposed Institution have been Invited to appear altho the federal board some time ago de clared it probably would fav6r lo cation of the Institution within a 50 mile radius of Ames in the cen tral part of the state Alaska Plans Range SEWARD Post of the American Legion is planning to establish a target range The post contemplates ranges for both large and small bore rifle shooting and pistol and trap shooting U S WILL BUILD UP TO STRENGTH TREATY ALLOWS Navy to Begin Job of Replacing Its Old Destroyers TI7ASHINGTON July 11 V a step toward building up to London treaty strength the navy is about to begin the job of replacing some of its destroyers built in tin lays of the dreaded uboat activi ties The 11 on which the department plans to advertise for construction bids tomorrow will be a move in this direction Secretary Adams in dicated he may ask the new con gress to provide money for more of this type In this small but important type of fighting ship the United States at present is over the 150000 ton nage specified by the London treaty for Dec 31 1936 Scrapping on ac count of age however will pull the total well below by that date and necessitate replacements Has 219 Destroyers At present the navy has 218 de stroyers most of which are under 1200 tons as compared with 1500 tons for the 11 which are to be built In the submarine class extensive replacements are not expected to be necessary to keep up to the 52 700 tonnage specified for the end of 193G Six large fleet submarines of the V type have been coromis si one dandthree more arebulldlmj As for cruisers the United States is well on its way to the treaty maximum In the eight incb gun 10 000 ton class while considerable lee way for construction of six inch gun ships remain Already Authorized Completion of the seven eight Inch gun cruisers now under con struction will make a total of IS Three more can bo started one each in 1933 1934 and 1935 to reach the 18 allowed under the treaty These already have been au thorized altho the money has not been appropriated The United States now has 10 7500 ton six inch gun cruisers aud Turn to race Z Column Foreign Help Expected to Avert Crisis Germany to Keep All Closed Until Aid Arrives NEW YORK July 14 federal reserve bank of New York announced late today that in asso ciation with other reserve banks it lad agreed to renew its participa ion in the 100000000 credit to the reichsbank subject to agree ment to renew by the other par ticipants in the credit Prior to the announcement at the local bank advices from Berlin had said that the credit in which the banks of England and France the bank for international settlements undthe federal reserve share equal ly was being renewed for three months The original expiration date was tomorrow Markets at a Glance NEW YORK markets await German development foreigns soft trading dull Foreign French franc firm sterling sag trade buying higher spot mar ket lower Brazilian exchange CHICAGO steady continued heavy receipts steady cash markets Burmude Extradited to Iowa to Face Charges of Stealing Airplane SPRINGFIELD III July 14 A papers presented by Iowa officers for the return of Scotty Burmude underarrest al Rock Island to Buena Vista coun ty Iowa on a charge of an airplane theft were signed Monday by Lieut Gov Fred Sterling Burmuda Is said to have stolen the plane from A C Weiss near Storm Lake July 6 WANT TO TEST YOUR INTELLIGENCE All right Just turn to Page 8 and try your hand on the ques tions nnswered by 85 North lown high schol boys In the recent In telligence contest conducted by this ncwflpnper Youll Find It Good Fun And You Grade Yourself BANKING STOPPED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Germany has declared what amounts to a general moratorium of hanking operations closing all banks except the Reichsbank until Thursday and perhaps longer It wag a precautionary measure a temporary effort to tide the insti tutions over until help comes from abroad Reaction outside of Germany to the collapse of the Darmstaedter und National bank has caused the temporary closing of all the banks in Hungary and suspension of the Mercur bank at Vienna a subsid lary of the Darmstaedter At Jassy Rumania the Dacia bank has closed with a 51000000 deficit Arthur Henderson British for eign secretary is on the way to Paris for conferences before he goes to Berlin and Secretary of State Stlmson also Is headed for Paris from Rolhe Secretary ICKSon re mains on holiday at Cap Ferat tak ins no part in the developments WARD OFF DISASTER BERLIN July 14 The gov ernment moved today to stem the tide of financial disaster by placing in effect what amounts to a gen eral moratorium on banking opera tions In accordance with a decree by President von Hindenbcrg all banks thruout the reich with the exception of the reichsbank were closed nominally until Thursday but actually as long as officials deem advisable to restore confi dence The reichsbank is the central bank of Germany corresponding to the Bank of England There i no stitution in the United States whoso functions correspond exactly with those of the Reichs bank Both banks and postoffices were prohibited from handling payments or transfers either in Germany or to foreign countries Stock ex changes were ordered to suspend operations for the remainder of the week Anyone Insisting on buying foreign currencies had to pay cash over the counter Reaction Is Pondered The government promised that arrangements would be made to fa cilitate the continuance of ordin ary business The vital question remaining to he answered was how would mil lions of particularly the left and right radical elements re act to the presidents step to hall the threatened nationwide run on the banks started by the failure ANY SOUND PLAN OF RESTORATION President Continues to Keep Watch on Every Development WASHINGTON July 14 financial situation in Germany the cause of deep concern to lay in administration circles Altho the decisionof the world lank for international BeUlements it Basel had the recommendation jf its directorate to extend redis count credit of 5100000000 to thei reichsbank somewhat eased the anxiety President Hoover contin ictl to watch every development Results of the order of President Hindenburg closing all banks ut the reichsbaak for two days are iwaited Border on Collapse Reports on the frail economic losition of the Bruening govern ment from American Ambassador Sackett in Berlin and Rudolf Leit ner charge daffaires of the Ger man embassy indicated conditions itill were bordering on collapse While the American government an take no direct action President Hoover has been assured domestic bankers would place their powerful influence behind any plan that would bring about Germanys eco nomic restoration American business interests with more than 52000000000 at stake also were studying the economic crisis of Germany American in vestors hold between 000 and SI500000000 in long term in vestments in Germany Other Credits Held Short term credits held In this country range between 000 000 and SlOQpOOOQptojvhile American Investors hold in gav ernment guaranteed corporation bonds Investments in German pri vate corporations the commerce de partment estimated from S360000 000 to 5380000000 Direct investments of Americans in Germany in 1929 amounted Lo 5210000000 and interests held in 78 German concerns by United States citizens were valued at about 5138000000 Central German government bonds held in America wert esti mated between 5170000000 and S210000000 while German states and provinces owe Americans be tween and 5100000000 and municipalities between 000000 and 5115000000 Tnm itt KC 2 Column 3 FALL TO SERVE TERM IN WEST Sentence Increased to Year and Day to Allow Transfer WASHINGTON July 14 ruling that Albert B Fall should serve his sentence for bribery in the New Mexico state penltctlary was handed down today by Attor ney General Mitchell Mitchell said he decided upon the prisonat Santa Fc rather than the federal penitentiary at Tjcavenworth or the jail at El Paso Texas at tho suggestion of Atlee Pomerene spc cial counsel for the government m the oil lease cases The attorney general added h believed the climate would be bet ter suited to Falls delicate health at the New Mexico Institution than at Leavenworth Falls sentence was Increased t a year and a day to permit th transfer from the District of Co Juinbia CITY TO 32 MEET Iowa State Womens Tour ney to Be Held at Coun try Club Course DES MOINES July 14 fSpecial to the City was awarded the State Womens championship golf tournament for 1932 at a meeting of the directors in DCS Moines Wednesday after noon Waterloo was a strong favor ite for the tourney but withdrew in favor of Mason City at the final meeting Sfie IOWA WEATHER Partly cloudy anil unsettled Tuesday jilpht and Wednesday Slightly warmer In the extreme northeast portion Tuesday night LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figured for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 90 Minimum In night 65 At 8 A M Tuesday 79 For the first time since the noon of July 1 the mercury day afternoon touches the 00 mark in Mason City By 9 oclock Tues day forenoon it had passed the 80 mark and another warm day was under way ;