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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 13, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIORS VOL LVI Associated Itess and United Presj Full Lease Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 13 1950 HOME EDITION UMUI Thii Paper Consists of Two No 137 Invaders Start 2 Heavy Attacks Congressmen Ask ABomb Threat Call tor Guard By EDWIN B HAAKINSON Washington demands for threat ening the Korean communists with the Abomb and for call ing up the national guard served Thursday as an index of the growing seriousness with which lawmakers are treating the world situation Members of the house ap plauded Wednesday when Rep Bentsen said that Mr should give the commu nists one week to get out of other Southern Korea If they refuse struggle he said the president should then supply their commander with a named list of principal North Korean cities which would be subjected to atomic attacks by our air forces Another Texas democrat Sena tor Lyndon Johnson raised the proposal for immediately calling into active service more than 800 000 national guardsmen and re servists to stiffen the battle in Ko rea Johnson made his proposal in a senate speech and followed it up by telling a reporter Sooner or Later We are going to be forced to do this anyway in time and the soon er the better Unless we move quickly there is a chance that our boys will be pushed clear out of Korea Selator Brewster RMaine proposed that it be left up to Gen eral MacArthur whether to use atomic bombs on the communists He offered this idea of his own The communists should under stand that we are not spending bil lions for bombs out of scientific curiosity Presumably they are de signed to save the lives of Ameri can boys Tracy S Voorhees former under secretary of the army told a house committee that an atomic attack on the United States itself is now more than a possibility He said that if an attack does come it will doubtless be a big one aimed at industrial centers Senator Humphrey DMinn a downtheline backer of the Tru man fair deal domestic program raised some questions about the billions congress has voted for pre paredness He said What Happened I want to know what happened to all that money I want to know why the delays now Why the de lay in getting our fleet out o mothballs The senate armed services com mittee meanwhile continued its de tailed examination of defense mat ters by calling in the navys top officer Admiral Forrest P Sher man for an executive session at i a m CST Senators on that group said thej already have received detaile data upon the powerful fleet o new submarines soviet Russia ha been developing since the las war They added a belief that Rus sian submarines would not take part in the Korean fight at least for the present But Senators ex pected to review with Sherman the newest information on this and other naval aspects of the Korean xuggle Senator Johnson in his speech said that the navy army and air force all had been subjected to a withering away not intended by congress New ArmorPiercing Rockets Will Help Combat Aircraft Vandenberg Promises Better Guns Johnson Orders Strict Censor of Movements Washington IP Secretary of j Defense Johnson Thursday ordered tie army navy and air force to lamp down on news about the movement of troops ships and upnlies to the Korean war front Johnson sent secretaries of the services a security guidance memorandum laying down the ules to be followed in the release if information He also included he restrictions imposed by Gen Douglas MacArthur for the Far Cast command These regulations apply only to he release of information by mil tary sources This is commonly referred to as censorship at the ource There is no legal restric ion upon disseminating and pub ishing news obtained by direct news reporting from whatever source There is no statutory au hority for censorship in the United States with the exception of cer tain provisions of the atomic ener y law governing atomic matters Sports Bulletin At the end of 25 holes of their 36hole semifinal match in the Iowa amateur golf tourney at the Mason City Country club Johnny Jacobs of Cedar Rap ids and Johnny Stoltz of Ot tumwa were all even and both had recorded even par for the distance Jacobs led by one hole at the end of 9 but Stoltz evened it up on the 2nd nine Jacobs had a 3636 and Stoltz a 3735 Tom Crabbe Jr of Cedar Rapids hpd Les Handt of Inde pendence one down at the end of 23 holes Crabbe shot 2un der par for a 34 first nine and a 3 up lead Coming in however Handt got back 2 of the holes by shooting even par while Crabbe skidded to a 38 At the end of the 23 holes both were one over par DISTRICT COMMITTEEWOM Verne Mettler of Ma son City was named 3rd district committeewoman of the Iowa democratic organization at a caucus held at the Hotel Fort Des Moines Thursday morning shortly before the opening of the state democratic convention The election of the Mason Cityan was unanimous after Louise Powers Hubbard with drew her candidacy Iver Christ offersen Cedar Falls democratic nominee for lieutenant governor was elected 3rd district com mitteeman Harmony Seen at Democratic Convention Des Moines pre vailed and contests were few in democratic caucuses Thursday morning They preceded the partys state convention The 2nd district group adopted several resolutions One asked re peal of Iowas two labor restric tive acts Another called for a constitutional convention to carry out legislative reapportionment The 4th district passed a resolu tion commending State Chairman Jake More Contests for state committee membership developed in the 3rd Tokyo W The headquar ters of the far east air force said Thursday one B29 failed to return from a mission over Korea Wednesday and has been reported He also confirmed a Wash ington report that a B29 was lost to enemy action Wednes day near Seoul The spokesman declined to give any details about the mis sion on which the bomber was lost Wednesday He said we believe there are survivors from both planes Adverse weather conditions have impeded rescue opera tions By CHARLES CORDDRY An American Air Base Ja pan types of ar morpieicing Tockets will be added soon to the armament of American combat planes in the Korean war Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg U S air force chief of staff disclosed this Thursday in an exclusive interview with the United Press after he made a flying trip to several Ameri can air bases in Korea and Japan 5th air force pilots had com plained Wednesday that their 5 inch rockets were ineffective against what they said were 60 ton Russianbuilt tanks used by the North Koreans Lifts Pilot Morale Vandenbergs visit gave anob vious lift to pilots and ground 5th and 6th district caucuses There were vacancies in the 3rd 6th and 8th districts Mrs Ruth Verne Mettler of Mason City mother of two chil dren and a precinct committee woman was elected 3rd district committeewoman She succeeds the former Mrs Leona Busching of Nashua committeewoman since 1946 who was married recently and is moving to Texas Mrs Mettler defeated Mrs Louise Powers of Hubbard retir ing national committeewoman of the young democrats When the vote stood 211 to 47 with two of the 14 counties not yet voting Mrs Powers withdrew and moved that Mrs Mettler be elected unanimously This was approved A contest developed against re election of Wade Clarke of Des Moines as 5th district committee man but he won handily over John E Judge of Ames Donald Mitchell of Fort Dodge bested John R Hansen of Man ning for 6th district committee man 162 to 98 Hansen at that point asked that the choice of Mitchell be made unanimous which was done Mitchell suc ceeds C B Murtagh of Algona who is retiring after 18 years on the committee AP Wircphoto WEARY GIs CATCH UP ON THEIR and unshaven U S infantrymen sprawl along rocky roadside imd on ration boxes in South Korea to grab what sleep they can Rifles are ready for use if necessary This pic ture was taken by Photographer Carl Mydans BULLETIN Washington President Truman said Thursday he is con sidering mobilizing more men and money behind the Korean war effort He declared he will take any steps necessary to bring it to a successful conclusion Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cool Thurs day night and Friday Low Thursday night 50 High Fri day 76 Iowa Fair Thursday night cool er east portion Low Thursday night 46 to 52 north 50 to 56 south Friday fair and warm with high 75 to 82 Further outlook Partly cloudy and warmer Saturday followed by scattered showers Saturday night or Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 74 Minimum 4fi At 8 a m 59 Precipitation 6 crews especially at the advanced Korean base where F51 Mus tangs are being operated on what appears a shoestring basis This correspondent accompanied Vandenberg Maj Gen Earle E Partridge commander of the 5th air force and other high air force officers on their flight in a C47 transport Vandenberg and Partridge as sured the men at the Korean base that reinforcements are on the way Maj Dean Hess of Marietta Ohio commanding fighter opera tions at the base said each of his planes was flying up to 3 missions a day Hess formerly was with the 9th air force Vandenbergs outfit in World war II We did it before Hess said Well do it again Vandenberg watched fighter and transport operations at another base in Japan after a zero ceiling stymied his efforts to land at a 2nd Korean air field Should Solve Problem Some of these difficulties will be overcome Vandenberg said with the arrival of new equip ment This will include electronic aids of all kinds and new discoveries in the rocket field He said these are new types of armorpiercing rockets and are on their way from the United States Vandenberg said fighter forays have had a great deal to do with the relatively slow progress of the NORTH KOREA SEOUL SOUTH KOREA TAEJON PijSAN O AP Wirephoto VITAL DEFENSE ZONE IN outlines Kum river defense area in Korea where U S troops are digginj in for a new defense against North Koreans Solid arrows indicate major communist drives with the reds on the west poised at Cqchiwon just north of the Kum To the east a new drive from the ChungjuTanyang area headed south to ward Hanchang was reported by Gen MacArthur This drive is viewed as a possible at tempt to outflank the Kum river defenses shaded arrow by cutting across the Pusan Taejon supply line t Red Koreans Mass Troops on Kum Bank Thin Line of Tired GIs Crouch Behind New Defense Position s Tokyo Douglas MacArthur reported Thursday that American losses in the Korean war so far were fewer than 500 including 42 killed Advance American Head quarters Korea munist North Korean troops started two heavy attacks about 10 am Friday Korean with about two divi sions against South Korean forces in the central penin sula area a headquarters spokesman said While the American sector remained quiet two commu nist North Korean divisions jumped off with heavy attacks against South Korean forces in the central sector in an ap parent attempt to turn the defenders fiank The Red 5th and 15th divisions attacked in the vicinity of Chungsan Ni and Chongnim in the area southwest of Tanyang from whence the reds had mounted a drive aimed at cutting the PusanTaejon rail line Pusan is the main port for supplies which are being rushed to the Americans at Taejon se INiao There was no lull in the air war Nearly 50 B29 super forts plastered a key North Korean military target Thurs day with 500 tons of bombs in the mightiest single air blow of the Korean war The mis sion inaugurated mass pre cision bombing by two groups of superforts rushed to the Pacific theater from U S west coast bases denecf in World war II flew the big bombers through rain and mist for the mass attack on a rail center north of the 38th parallel All the planes and their crews returned safely Other allied planes continued lashing blows at communist con centrations and at targets behind enemy lines Wednesday alone al lied airmen reported they de stroyed 38 red tanks and 82 trucks as well as much other equipment 225 combat missions against Reports U S Doesnt Have Weapons Defense Discusses Koreans in the last few North days He quoted Lt Gen Walton H Walker commander of the 8th army as saying that the reds would have been much farther along had it not been for the air Washington month ago defense big shots were talking about super weapons that would make tank waifare obsolete Now U S troops are being de feated daily in Korea because they have no weapons that can stop the Russian tanks being used against them Why dont we give them these super weapons that would do the job Answer We dont have any As a matter of fact the men who were making speeches about our force operations As for the F80 Vandenberg said the pilots have a feeling of security in it because of its dem onstrated ability to absorb battle damage and act as a stable plat form for rockets and guns modern weapons month ago APPROVE SCHOOL BOND Dubuque bond issue for construction of a new grade school was approved Wed nesday by Dubuque voters in a special election Less than a quar ter of the registered voters ballots cast YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 88 59 SAME death 14 didnt say we had any If the im pression got around that we did it was not exactly the militarys fault Take atomic artillery shells Gen J Lawton Collins army chief of staff said on Jun 14 that it wasnt impossible to develop them But stories were published saying we already possessed not only atomic shells but also atomic war heads for guided missiles Late Denial The stories were officially but belatedly denied The Korean war caught us with a lot of fine new weapons in the drawing board or test stage but hardly any in production Even such improved versions of World war II arms as have gone into production were not avail able in the right places in num bers that would be decisive Since 1945 this country has been focusing its efforts to a great ex tent on perfecting rather than producing new field weapons But whats wanted in Korea is a tactical weapon to stop Russian tanks which are the worlds best Bazooka Fails The 236inch bazooka of World war II has failed in Korea And front reports say the air forces highly touted 5inch rocket the F80 jet fighters tank killer has proved ineffective against the heaviest enemy tanks Last month to allay western Europes fear of Russias mechan zed might a number of U S of icials spoke of weapons in devel opment which they said might end tank warfare forever Army Secretary Frank C Pace r spoke of great scientific ad vances in ground weapons since World war II He mentioned de velopments in recoilless artillery he bazooka and the shaped charge guided and targetseeking missiles rockets and tactical atomic weapons It may well be he said that lank warfare as we have known it will soon be obsolete Pace added that he was talking of weapons of the future but we hope the nottoodistant fut ure Years Away Defense spokesmen translated that as meaning two to 5 years from now Among the new tank stoppers they said will be recoil less artillery firing improved ver sions of the shaped charge and something called the squashhead charge The shaped charge now used in bazookas is a high explosive so shaped that its force is fo cused in such a way as to bore holes through armor The squash head is designed to plaster itself against a tank and in exploding knock chips off its interior plates destroying the in sides without ever penetrating the armor Dr Vannevar Bush former heac of the defense departments re search and development board has said the recoilless artillery anc shaped charge combination coulc be put into production in 6 months if great enough effort were made to do so Meanwhile tank warfare is any thing but obsolete Right now the military appears to be putting greatest hopes on the 35 inch bazooka a modernized and oupedup version of the anti ank weapon of World war II Will It Succeed An army spokesman said on that this weapon is on its vay to the front Some shipments may already have arrived Whether t will succeed where the F80s inch rocket failed remains to be seen No U S tank yet put in action has proved capable of slugging it out With the Russian tanks em plpyed by the North Koreans Ap Darently the best mechanized veapon we have in that part of he world now is the General Pershing which was becoming ob solete before World war II ended We do have some effective Napalm fire bomb for example And our artillery recoilless and otherwise is good for general artillery purposes In the field of infantry equip ment U S light arms appear to be adequate if not superior Army and marine units are supplied with a gadget which should give them an advantage in infantry fighting It is the sniperscope used for longrange daytime potting at the enemy or snooperscope the ver sion used at night or when vis ibility is poor by day The device consists of an invis ible infrared light source an elec tronic telescope and a portable power pack Sweeps an Area It may be used for sweeping an area for targets too far away or too obscure to be seen directly Or it may be mounted directly on a rifle or carbine Radiated infrared light is re flected back by the objects it strikes By means of the elec tronic telescope it is transformed into visible images on a tiny screen mounted on the sights of the weapon Developed in the last war it went into action in the Pacific in 1944 An army spokesman said it caused 30 per cent of all enemy casualties on Okinawa Since then the device has been greatly improved m only token oposition in the air North of Taejon On the ground American troops were deployed 13 miles north of Taejon emergency capital of the battered United Nationscreated South Korean republic This may be their doordie line to prevent an Asiatic Dunkerque A railroad bridge and other spans across the river which Korean rains at any moment could swell into a raging torrent have been destroyed While the Americans crouched behind their new defense line on steep banks generally a quarter mile across from the enemy massed on the Jim the reds launched a new drive from newly fallen Tanyang 65 miles northeast of Taejon It speared southwest in what looked like a push to cut the vital rail line between Pusan southeast port of entry for Ameri can reinforcements and supplies and Taejon Change in Command Gen MacArthur United Nations commander announced the ap pointment of Lt Gen Walton H Walker veteran tank fighter of World war II in Europe as com mander of ground forces in Korea He commanded the famous ar mored ghost corps of Gen George S Pattons swift 3rd army in Europe Gen J Lawton Collins U S army chief of staff and Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg air force chief of staff conferred in Tokyo with Gen MacArthur Adm Arthur W Radford navy commander in chief in the Pacific was flying from Pearl Harbor to Tokyo for confer ences There have been reports in Washington that the Russians have an assorted collection of about 800 naval craft deployed near the Kor ean area including between 70 and 80 submarines Those studying the situation say many of the so viet vessels are small craft and nothing bigger than cruisers is in the area v The communist radio in North Korea broadcast its shortest com munique of the war Thursday saying North Korea forces continuing their gallant and claiming two U S P38s shot down Tuesday There has ;