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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 13, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ABCHIVC3 THE NEWSPAPER THAT POL JJ MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leised wires CONSIDER MASON CITY IOWA FHIDAY JULY 13 1945 INSIDE WASHINGTON Sleepers for the Civilians Become Rarer and Rarer By Central Press Capital Staff you have to travel west you had better be prepared to sleep in a sitting or standing position Sleepers far civilians will he a rarity for some time to come The army is takingover most of the Pullmans to move millions of sol diers to the Pacific Already civil ian sleeper service befueen points less than 450 miles apart has been banned The pinch will hurt most on lines west of Chicago but it is not going to be any picnic on lines elsewhere either because of movement to and from homes in every state on 30 day furloughs Best estimates are that by late this summer andfall some 350 003 soldiers will be in transit daily And in many cases wives and children will be travelin with them v The office of defense transpor tation has warned civilians to cease traveling except when it is absolutely necessary but natural ly many persons will not heed the warning Thus you will see more and more people stranded in railroac stations and the airlines are ex pecting an increasingly heavy load so they will not be able to help the public very much Wise people will take their va cations near home It may be tough on people with plentyof money and itchy feet but that is the way it is going to be for some time to come The trouble is there will not be muck relief in sight until 6 months or so after the Japanese war ends because the army will be Busy then bringing the boys home Despite the growing shortage of poultry and large black mar ket operations in that food watch fot the civilian supply to increase j within thenextmonthocso par ticularly in the eastern seaboard states Reason Clinton P Anderson the new agriculture secretary and food boss He will urge the army to buy its chickens from the sur plus midwest area where there is plenty of meat and poultry in stead of from the meathungry eastern states of Delaware Mary land and Virginia which supply the bulk of poultry to City and other metropolitan areas a The state department hopes privately of course that other Latin American nations will fol low the lead set by Costa Rica and donate land for he con struction of new embassies and legations Even in countries where fa cilities have been adequate in creased activities have placed premium on available building space In view of the general hope around the department that the postwar era will bring increased business improved quarters are hoped for Since the United States has contributed heavily to the wel fare and prosperity of the good neighbors countries a gesture such as Costa Rica made might help the department when it goes before funds a One of the biggest headaches facing the allied leaders is what to do with German industry Countless factories remained in working condition despite the ter rific aerial pounding And they are geared mostly to turn out weapons or other materials useful only in war Some leaders are worried that unless these factories are de stroyed or moved out of Ger manyschemers in the reich will begin armine secretly for another war perhaps 20 or 30 years hence Solving that problem will just bring on another one however German factory workers of the present generation cant learn to be farmers overnight Some workable economy will have to be inaugurated to pre vent the millions of Germans milp from starving Italy js in bad shape too Looks like the lead Congress for additional ers of Russia Great Britain and the United States have sleepless nights ahead some ANTWERP DENIES TRUMAN VISIT Antwerp UPJ Police authori ties said Friday they had received no word that President Truman and his official party had arrived at Antwerp or intended to pass through this port on their way to the big 3 conference in Berlin A BBC broadcast recorded by NBC monitors in New York quoted a report from Antwerp that the presidents ship was due io dock there Sunday CONTROL LIFTING BRITISH FLEET HITS STRATEGIC NICOBAR ISLES Straits of Malacca Free of Japs for Possible Offensive Calcutta fleet un its have bombarded the strategic Nicobar islands while carrier planes attacked airfields in north west Sumatra southeast Asia com m an d headquarters announced Friday night in a special com munique British minesweepers swept the approaches to Malacca strait which liesbefueen Sumatra and the great naval base of Singapore from July 5 to ID without sight ing a Japanese vessel While fleet units attacked the Nicobars planes also laid their ex plosives on the islands The Nico bars lie 2BO miles northwest of Sumatra rich Dutch oil producing island and about 900 miles off Singapore They are 400 miles west of the Kra peninsula of Malaya linking Singapore to the mainland of Asia Rear Adm W R Patterson commanded the attacking war 5th cruiser which included the cruiser Nigeria the carriers Ameer and Emperor the destroyer Roebuck and the 6th minesweeping flotilla Japanese broadcasts first to tell of the attacks on the Nicobars speculated that a landing attempt would be made JQQ Planes Strike Japs Unopposed Guam unopposed air blows by around 700 B29s heavy and medium bombers fighters and long range search planes across a 770mile arc of Japan extending north and south of Tokyo were announced Friday Promptly a U S air general on Okinawa declared the Japs in my opinion dont intend to engage us in the air As enemy homeland factories and railroads were wrecked and eventhe smallest shipping sunk offshore Brig Gen David F Hutchison of the far east air force told Associated Press Correspon dent Richard Gushing at Okinawa that Japan obviously was hoard ing planes to use in suicide tac tics when Yank infantrymen storm Nippons invasion beaches Rear Adm D C Kamsey new chief of staff of 5th fleet es timated Japan might have 9000 planes available and probably could throw about 4000 into the battle over Japan Only weak fighter opposition was encountered over Tokyo bay and a city to the north as Super forts dumped 3000 tons of fire and demolition bombs on 5 home land centers before dawn Friday returning pilots reported No enemy fighters could be found aloft Thursday as more than 120 Liberator and Mitchell bombers and escortinc fighters from Okinawa ripped info factor ies and railroads the port of Aburatsu and the naval air sta tion of Kanoya on Kyushu At Washington the 20th air force announced that 2 of the Superfortresses were lost and 1 missing in the strike The enemy air force relin quished homeland skies so pletely that flew llulu ul Tokyo to hit small shipping off Sendai then returned to Iwo a roundtrip flight of nearly 2 000 Superfort bombardiers building up the number of Japanese cities they have hit to 33 had to bomb by instrument through cloud banks Tokyo radio said the raids lasted 3 hours and admitted fires it claimed they y dawn It listed fleet search planes 200 miles north of reported by American Grant Building Permits Des Moines for the first substantial residence con struction in 3 years have been is sued in Des Moines this last week One permit issued calls for con struction of a residence for and the other for a SSSOOhome Invasion in Indian Ocean OPA BLUEPRINT IS SET UP FOR CEILING EASE SUPERFORTS FIRE HEART OP KOBESmoke rises thousands of feet over docks hefrVf Kobe 6th city after raid by American Supe f01 tresses Scores of boats cluster about dock area Fires burn furiously beneath smoke Ster prelaws in large area burned over Typhoon Severely Damages Third Fleet Nimitz Reveals Frau Himmler Still Proud of Inf Claims World Hates Police By ANN STRINGER Internment Camp on Romes Outskirts UPJ Himmler maintained Friday that she was still proud of her infamous husband and shrugged away the worlds hatred of the dead gestapo chief with the calm that no one loves a policeman When I told her that husband Heinrich had been captured and had died from his own dose of poison Frau Himmler showed ab solutely no emotion She sat hands folded in her lap and merely shrugged her shoulders Until then she had not known what had happened to Himmler since he last telephoned her from Berlin around Easter while she was at their home near Munich When first captured by the 5th army she had claimed a weak heart and internment camp offi cials fearful of a heart attack never told her of her husbands death But even when I told her that Himmler was buried in an un marked grave Frau Himmler showed no surprise no interest It was the coldest exhibition of complete control of human feel ing that I have ever witnessed I talked to Frau Himmler in a luxurious villa home owned by a former movie magnate where she and her 15 year old daughter Gudrunsare being held with one other female internee I asked her if she was aware of her husbands activities as gcs tapo chief and she replied Of course Then I asked if she knew what the world had thought of him and she replied I know that before the war many people thought highly of him Asked if she realized that Himmler was probably the most despised and hated man in the world after the European war got well under way Frau Margarets shrugged and said Maybe so He was a policeman and police men are not liked by anyone Frau Margarete denied the pos sibility her dead husband might have been considered the No 1 war criminal She said My husband How could he be when Hitler was fuehrer Asked if she was proud of her husband Frau Manrarete renlied Of course I was proud of htm Then she addeci In Germany wives would not even be asked such a question Then pressed as to whether or rr lions of innocent people to death reported starvation Tokvn 1 Jwargarete answered non t that B29s committally Perhaps Perhatjs mined the waters of Wawasa bay on the west side of Honshu Frau Margarete answered non not It all depends I gave her details of Himmlers attempted disguise his capture his suicide and his burial She put her elbows on the table chin in hand but still showed no feeling When the conference was over I and a radio correspondent who accompanied me thanked her and walked out Looking back on the Interview I can only remember that Frau Himmler was singularly ugly Her Ereyinfir dirty blond hair was twisted into one huge knot on the back of her head Her hard face minus makeup is seared by a lone scar running from the left cheek bone to the left upper lip Her mouth was wide and large and when she smiled you could see glistening gold teeth in each corner She said that she had married Heinrich on July 3 1928 when he was already a veteran member of the nazi party The last time Frau Himmler saw her husband was in Munich in November 1944 and she said that he was in high spirits and not at all depressed He believed that Germany would lose the cur rent war but she added He knew the war then would not be at an end The war will go on America and England never will be able to work with Russia and that war will go on PEPC OWI Bills Get Congress OK Washington dis patched a war agen cies appropriation bill to the white house Friday after 6 weeks of con troversy revolving about funds for OWI and FEPC Legislative action was completed when the senate approved a com promise fixing the amount for the office of war information at 000000 The house had approved it ear lier after a futile effort spear headed by republicans to scale it down 21 WARSHIPS HIT frYfFRONG WIND Almost Every Damaged Ship Returns to Action Guam raging typhoon lashed Adm William F Bull Halseys 3rd fleet with 138 mile on hour winds last June 5 tore the bow off the cruiser Pittsburgh and damaged at least 20 other warships Adm Chester W Nim itz announced Friday after virtual ly every damaged ship was back in action At least 4 of the damaged ships battleships Massachusetts and Indiana the carrier San Ja cinto and the destroyer John Kodgers participated in last Tuesdays 1000 plane carrier strike at Tokyo The typhoon damaged more ships thanthe Japanese navy has been able to do in action in any single battle But Nimitz made no mention of anyone being killed or seriously injured He said no ships were sunk He listed 20 damaged ships as repaired and back in action in cluding 3 fast new battleships and 2 Essex class carriers The cruiser Pittsburgh w h i c h miraculously stayed afloat is be ing refitted for action Presumably some additional ships not identi fied were damaged and have not returned to sea Nimitz said definitely no one was lost from the most heavily damaged ship the Pittsburgh Nor was a man on her seriously injured The Pittsburgh returned to Guam under her own power for temporary repairs and is now be ing refitted at another port for return to action Although 100 feet were knocked off the cruisers bow she amazing ly stayed afloat She was taken in tow and brought to Guam in good condition Ships which suffered damage and have returned to action in clude Essex class carriers Hornet and Bennington the fast battleships Massachusetts Indiana and Ala bama the Independence class crui sertype caniers San Jacinto and Belleau Wood destroyers John Rodgers and Blu escort carrier Bougainville Three other cruisers and 7 de stroyers which suffered minor damage also have been repaired and returned to action The Nimitz announcement did not specify where the typhoon struck the 3rd fleet for the 2nd time in 6 months but presumably it was in the western Pacific area between Okinawa and the Philip pines Last Dec 18 another typhoon struck the 3rd fleet between the Philippines and the Marianas and ind were Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette camcr Japanese Officer Claims Future of Nation Lies in Death of Emperor Hirohito By RALPH TEATSORTH AUSSIES DUTCH PRESS JAPS LastDitch Stand on Borneo Is Periled Manila Ufi Australian and Dutch troops armed with flame throwers and powerful grenades tightened their net Friday around the Japanese stronghold on Mount Batochampar after linking up a point 7 to 8 miles north of Balik papan Gen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters announced the juncture was made by Netherlands troops pushing up the Karingo peninsula to meet the Aussies who advanced from Pandasari to take the pipe line bridge across the Socmber river Batting fierce resistance stub born Aussie troops have driven a small wedge into the eastern area of Batochampar Other Australian units driving 3 miles north of SepigganKetjil used flamethrowers and tanks against strong enemy positions The Aussies captured two 20 millimeter guns 1 mortar and 3 light machineguns in a 1 mile ad vance Ninth division Australian troops pushing up the railway from Beaufort in northern Borneo gained 10 miles to reach a point 30 miles ITor JesseTtbirvThe Unopposed troops captured Ki manis 21 miles northeast of Beau fort corps can count on one hand the number of Jap prisoners who ar rogantly still think Japan is win ning the war More Japanese prisoners have been taken on Luzon than in any Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and seasonally warm Friday night and Saturday Iowa Partly cloudy through Sat urday Slowly clearing extreme south portion Friday Warmer Saturday Temperature will average 4 degrees above nor mal Scattered showers Sun day Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Warmer Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 83 Minimum Thursday 55 At 8 a m Friday 63 YFAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 53 Plan Allows Immediate Release of Rationing on Several Commodities This same officer recently cap Washington OPA blue tured in the Philippines stated Print for the first step toward further that the Japanese people ting price controls is being stud should be blamed both for the war ied by Stabilization Director Wil and for their blind acceptance of am H Davis the dogma that the emperor is descended from the sun wiiicn Other Japanese prisoners Tie would permit immediate elimina Iieve that any removal of nirohito tiou of ceilings on a would result in utter chaos in post commodities Others ivar Japan Some believe ijwijjc UU11U V1T UK should be retained as a figurehead met ruler T Officials familiar with the pro posa1 which Davis ap proval before it can be put into Many Japanese officers are now genera surrendering because they are besellinz In runii r ginning to feel that they should ceilin Jap dedicate their future to the re construction of a new Japan One Japanesespeaking officer with the Uth corps Ijelicvcs that the Japanese will be extremely hostile when American forces first land on the home islands hut that many civilians will change their attitude when they discover that the Americans will treat them decently This officer said When we begin feeding the adults and giv ing the children candy the Japa nese will discover their leaders propaganda about Americans be ing beasts is untrue Once the ci vilian is aware of this he will soon tell the soldier The loss of Okinawa has made a tremendous on fast becoming indifferent to their officers talltales of great Jap victories Most Japanese soldiers who sur render however do so for purely selfish reasons They want a dry place to sleep something to cat and relief from heir nagging of ficers Not many people in the 14th corps any longer believe too strongly about Japanese fanati cism They think the Japanese is a Istclass soldier in a 2ndclass Oldest Pharmacist Dies Ked Oak Ariz 90 known as Iowas oldest active reg istered pharmacist died at his homo Thursday Operator of a drug store at the same location in Red Oak since 18B9 ArU has been ill several months He and his wife who survives him observed their 65th wedding anniversary last fall Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GIobcGazette carrier boy YANK AND PUP REACH NEW Grabbins get lost v Ppf Ioses no tRle m getting off the brought him to Mew York from European com After debarkation the men were taken to Camn Kil mer N J for reprocessing proceedings Tn preparation several months the plan sets up standards which number of would be freed as certain conditions were iffect said it provides for re moval or suspension of price con trols on these grounds 1 Where a commodity is in sufficient supply to eliminate danger of inflationary prices In this would cover items substantially under the 2 If an article is of small im portance to the civilian economy or the maintenance ceilings is an administrative job out ofpro portion to the effect a higher price would have on the cost of living While the plan sets forth no specific items which might quali fy an OPA official predicted that a very large number probably would fit the pattern Under the first standard alum mum was mentioned as one of the first raw materials that might be removed from controls with products made from that metal following as supply caught up demand Under the 2nd immediate re lease frpm ceilingsmight be or aered for Jewelry for exampleor for such beverages as rum bran dy and cordials A spokesman for Davis office said there was no indication yet whether Davis will approve the formula as it stands or make changes Adoption of OPAs selective price control system would re verse the course followed when the first steps to harness inflation were taken before thewar In those defense program days selective controls were invoked for a number of vital raw mate rials particularly metals It was not until the spring 1942 that OPAs general maximum price regulation put blanket controls into effect Officials emphasized that the proposed plan does not deal with removal of controls on major con sumer and industrial commodi ties expected to remain in short supply for some time Clothing for example and consumer prod ucts being made again for the first time since Pearl Harbor are slated to stay under ceilings for many months they said GERMAN STAFF FATE DUE SOON Expect Ike and Monty to Give Final Decision Frankfurt Eisenhow er and Field Marshal Montgomery are expected to decide soon on what to do with the German gen eral staff At midnight Friday supreme headquarters of the allied expe ditionary force will be dissolved but the problem of handling the hundreds of high ranking staff and field officers of the German army who are prisoners of the western allies awaits final dispo sition British and American officers held informal discussions on the matter during Eisenhowers ab sence These conversations touched on the possibility of breaking up the German general staff and con demning its members to exile in British crown colonies throughout the world but the talks were re garded as no more than ground clearing expeditions assembling data to he presented to Eisenhow er and Montgomery Of the captured German mili tary hierarchy one SHAEF offi cer said Some of them ought to be shot as criminals and undoubtedly will be Others must be regarded pure ly as military figures who carried out military orders All those of ficers are still in uniform and are classified strictly as military pris oners Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;