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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 13, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES IS MOINES 1A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH fOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOOATED PRKS UNTTg LEASED WIRES HOME EDITION fTTTTTri MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 13 1943 OPTWO SECTIONS ALLIED TROOPS LAND NEAR CATANIA FIERCE GERMAN ASSAULT FAILS TO BREACH LINE Von Kluge Throws Full Weight of Armored Into Attack MOSCOW Field Marshal Guenther Von Kluge threw the entire weight of his armored col umns into a furious attack Tues day against the southern end of the 200mile OrelKurskBelgorod front In an action designed to enlarge the Belgorod wedge and blast a major breach iii the Rus sian lines all efforts to break through on the northern end of the salient Von Kluge fell back on the old nazi powerhouse play but the thick red defenses re mained impenetrable although fiXhUne became so violent that even tank crews of the opposing forces broke into handtohand j fighting on one occasion A Gennan corrimunique broad cast by the Berlin radio and re corded by the Associated Press claimed that the nazi armored forces with the support of the German air force had gained fur ther ground in the area just north Belgorod and had smashed strong enemy counterattacks on other sectors of the front The Russians suffered heaviest losses the German communique said in cluding a total of 400 tanks and 123aircraft success oJLtne red an announcement rTceSaay the Germans despaired of breaking through on the Orel Kursk sector after suffering im mense losses in one of the most determined attacks they have launched since the nineday fensive started Tuesday the Rus sians said German forces on this sector have been considerably re duced in size and are being used merely to consolidate their present positions While the Russian midnight communique reported that German attacks were somewhat weaker in the northern area around Orel the soviet army newspaper Red Star said the struggle around Belgorod was daily becoming more acute with the nazis hurling wave after wave of 60ton tiger tanks into the fray in an attempt to widen a wedge they drove into the defenses last week A few details are now trickling through about the fighting of the past few days around Belgorod After breaking through into Rus sian positions Von Kluges col umns attempted to exploit the wedge by launching numerous attacks in different directions front line dispatches said When these failed the nazis were reported to have buttressed then own lines under cover of darkness quickly erecting defenses and tank barriers to forestall a Russian flank attack The German columns then turned north and attempted a breakthrough on a narrow sector but were again repulsed the dis patches said The fighting Red Star said gained the German forces nothing and resulted only in further heavy losses of manpower and heavy equipment as the defending soviet forces poured a hail of artillery lire and hand grenades at the advancing tanks In engagements where the Russians met the invaders tank i for tank Red Star continued the results proved thatthe soviet KV tank was far snperior to the highly touted German ticers The government newspaper Iz vestia estimated ttiat at least 30 per cent of the attacking mech anizeci columns were composed o the new tigers which were being used to spearhead the attacks The tanks mount 88millimeter cannonwhich have proved valu able as an offensive weapon and as a screen for the lighter tanks following The tigers carry fourinch armor plate in front Izvestia said but the sides rear and caterpillar treads have proved to be vulnerable to soviet shell fire The Russian midnight communi que reported that the Germans hari lost 122 tanks Monday bring ing the eightday total to 2622 The Russians said they shot down 58 nazi planes Monday making 1126 brought down cither in air combat or by antiaircraft fire since Von Kiuge launched his of fensive Claims Hitler Insisted on Kursk Drive By ROBERT BUNNELLE LONDON foreign diplo matic source who usually is re liable asserted Tuesday that Adolf Hitler was reported to have as sumed control of the German of fensive in the Kursk bulge and broadened it into an expensive gamble for a breakthrough against the advice of his generals There was no confirmation of the report This source who would not permit his name to be used but who said he had dependable con tacts inside Europe said Marshal Guenther Von Klugcs attack launched July 5 originally was de signed as a move to forestall what appeared to be preparations for a heavy assault by the Russians Ke asserted that Hitler noting early successes even though the cost was high decided the German attack should be developed and took control three days after the operation began The informant said that Klugc and other generals argued that the expenditure of men and material in such a local thrust would leave the nazi army dangerously vul nerable should the Russians sud denly mount an offensive else where particularly it it is being contained as the Russians now arc claming Hitler however according to the informant was regarded to have insisted on the strongest pos sible effort being made in an effort to reestablish his own pres tige as well as to improve the Ger man armyVpbsition isusing upwards of 30 divisions including 15 armored which is believed to be approxi mately onehalf of all the German mechanized divisions on the east ern front the source reported He said that many troops have been drawn from Field Marshal Von Mannsteins army farther south and that the army generals are al ready gravely worried over the weakening of their strategic re serves NO U S WARSHIP LOSS IN SICILY Knox Gratified With Role of American Craft WASHINGTON Of Navy Knox said Tuesday that thus far no American warships have been reported lost in the Si cilian campaign Knox said in a conference that American ships successfully par ticipated in the landings and that he was very much gratified by the rolethey played Concerning fightiim on the op posite side of the world Knox said he could not reveal whether American naval forces suffered any losses in the second battle ot Kula gulf in the Solomons Re ports from the South Pacific said the Japanese lost four to six warships in the engagement Knox said the battle of the At lantic was still on and that it would be the worst kind of tolly to assume from recent good re ports that the war against Ger man submarines is won Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued warm Tuesday afternoon and Tues day night Thunder shower and cooler Wcdncsdav fore noon IOWA Cooler Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon thunder showers northwest Tuesday aft ernoon and in north and west Tuesday night and entire stale Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA Considerably cool er Tuesday night and Wednes day forenoon showers and thunderstorms Tuesday night and southeastern and extrem east portions Wednesday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic Maximum Monday 93 Minimum Monday night 68 At 8 a m Tuesday 76 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation RR 64 106 GROUP ADVISES RETRACTION OF ISC PAMPHLET Committee Assails Statements Comparing Oleomargarine Butter AMES la re traction of the controversial Iowa State college nutrition pamphlet Putting Dairying on a War Foot ing has been recommended to Iowa State President Charles E Friley by a joint committee of college faculty members and rep resentatives of the dairy indus try The committee which met here Monday decided many statements in the pamphlet are either incorrect or are sus ceptible to misinterpretation or are inadequately documented as to facts The pamphlet had drawn the fire of the dairy industry partic ularly for a statement that oleo margarine compares favorably with butter both in nutritive value and paiatability The committee recommended the Iowa State college informa tion service said that the best form of retraction would be the preparation of a complete revision the publication which would take into consideration all of the criticisms and suggestions worked out with a committee representing the daily and farm interests of the President ftiley is InWash in Eton It was at his sacces tion that the joint committee was named to review the publi cation He said the bulletin should stand or fall on its own merits as judged by competent authorities on the basis of ob jective evidence Representing Iowa dairy organ izations on the committee were P Ciowely of Des Moines as sociation of ice cream manufac turers of Iowa Julius Brunner of Osage Iowa association of local creameries Clarence Neilsen of Independence Iowa creamery butter manufacturers association Scott Ellis of Dallas Center Iowa dairy industry commission Ralph Bartlett of Sibley Iowa creamery operators association and A H Heggeri ot Des Moines coopera tive milk producers federation Iowa State faculty members on the committee were R E Buchanan agricultural experiment station director P Mabel Nelson head of the foods and nutrition department C A Iverson head of the dairy indus try department T W Schultz head of the economics and so ciology department G S Shep ard associate professor of eco nomics and sociology and W G Murray professor economics and sociology Dean H H Kildee of the agri cultural division ot the college was chairman of the meeting and E S Estel ot Waterloo secre tary of the Iowa State Dairy as sociation acted as secretary Dr Schultz tne information service reported explained to the joint committee that the main purpose of the pamphlet was twofold 1 To indicate the nature of the wartime de mands for and supplies of dairy products showing the differ ence between production and total demands and 2 to in dicate what can be done to re duce the shortage ot dairy products and to minimize ad verse effects of the shortare K a The information service added thnt most objectionable to the dairy interest1 was the sugges lion to make oleomargarine avail able as a means of minimizing the adverse effects of the short age of dairy products In their statement the serv ice continued the dairy interests listed 31 specific citations to sup port their contention that the ie statements in the pamphlet are not supported by facts or proper research In most of these objec tions the college group con curred Presented to the joint commit tee was an analysis of the publi cation prepared by an independent college reviewing committee con sisting of George Godfrey col lege director ot agricultural rela tions C Y Cannon head of the dairyhusbandry department B w Hammer of the dairy industry Eisenhower Lauds Allied CoOrdination AN ALLIED COMMAND POST I NORTH AFRICA ral Dwight D Elsenhower the illied commander in chief re turned Tuesday from a visit to the i t e d States and Canadian forces on Sicily with the deciara Mon that the coordination of his wading armies could not have icon better had all the the forces n those of some single nation IN been Woman Sits on Bottle With Which She Hit Husband Hurt Fatally ROCHESTER N Y lice said Tusday that Mrs Mar garet Connolly 64 bled to death when she cut herself by sitting on the pieces ot a bottle with which she had struck her husband Thomas S3 After strikingjier hus band with the bottle and stunning him police said she dropped into a chair without noticing that frag ments of the bottle were in it The glass severed a vein in her right leg When her husband regained consciousness he summoned police but they were unable to revive her department Pearl Swanson de partment of foods and nutrition and B H Thomas head of the animal nutrition subsection The reviewing committee found the information service said that the problem presented by the pamphlet is to increase the utilization of whole milk as human food that the solution presented is to increasethe use of milk sol ids whccevermuk Uprodueeaand decrease the tfulterfat production to achieve this end that much of the possible value of the pamphlet however is lost by the insistence that butter now marketed as such be replaced by oleomargarine The reviewinr committee also was reported as ha vine ques tioned the statement that oleo compares favorably with butter in nutritive value and paiata bility The dairy portion of the joint committee the service said con tended that the most casual reader will immediately detect in the pamphlet a spirit of animus and partisanship that pervades its pages throughout and which should not be found in any publication claiming to be conducting a dis interestedsearch for truth The dairy group also was quoted as declaring there was no sup porting evidence in the pamphlet for the statement that in spite of the food value and efficiency of margarine dairy interests have been rather effective in suppress ing its use The service also said the dairy members maintained that some of the pamphlets suggestionsdo not take into consideration the diffi culties involved unless he the author means to imply an ordered O II Brownlee research asso ciate in the economics department at Iowa State is the author of the pamphlet PARATROOPERS JUST BEFOKK JUMP paratroopers are pictured above in their transport planes as they Hew toward Sicily where the paratroopers and British srlider troopers landed and attacked several hours before other allied forces landed on the beaches Lt Col Charles W Kouns stands in one of the big planes top halfway to Sicily and tells his men Your destination is the Italian island of Sicily and you will be the first Ameri can troops to land For most of the flight the tough young Americans sat quietly in their seats lower photo and awaited the signal to jump Army signal corps radio photos Tried to Put Marriage on 6 Day Week Basis LOS ANGELES tried putting their marriage on a six day week Mrs Arline nutter tes tified in divorcing Howard 11 Rutter he came home xvith lip stick on his clothes after his night off she complained Plane Averts Water Shortage for Town BROOKINGS Ore air plane averted a serious water shortage in this remote coastal community The city pump had broken down the army brought a new one from Portland dropping it by chuU nutn AXIS Alt HtlBS t A I t t O A D map Slwvs a tllc SMHa c tics on the o By C YATES McDANIEI ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC A Japanese cruiser and three stroyers were sent to the bottom the Kula of at nine other enemy guns of the United States navy n a battle which began Monday ugh I Yankees Sink Jap Cruiser Destroyers destr of tin least by Two other enemy destroyers probably were sunk and enemy losses may be even greater when all reports are in The battle still was in progress it was in dicated at he time preliminary reports were received Tuesday by Gen Douglas MacArthur from Admiral William F linker But already Japanhas expended between 13 and 17 cruisers and destroyers in two battles in the central Solomons while trying to liold apart the jaws of a mantrap which American jungle fighters are clamping on the enemy air base of Mundi on New Georgia island Both battles in the Kula gulf which is 15 miles long and eight miles across at its widest part occurred as units ot the Japanese navy moving down from the northern Solomons encountered United States war vessels blockad ing New Georgias coastline along the gulf In the first battle July 5G loss of the cruiser U S S Helena was acknowledged Avail able reports on the second battle mentioned no United States losses Tuesdays actionpacked ac count from General showed Japan everywhere losinr the fiffht for on New Georgia in the air above it and in the seas offshore Ten miles northeast of it a Japanese ground force of consid erable strength was trapped at Enogai inlet and wiped out American warplanes pounded anew Monday at Munda at its supply depot across the Kula gulf at Vila on Kolombangara island at its source of air support in the northern Solomons Kahili air drome on Bougainville island and at the nearest air base vith sev eial fields Rabaul on New Britain Offshore United States war ships for the second time in ICES than a week pumped shells under cover of darkness on Munda It was in daylight Monday fol lowing this shelling that avenger torpedo bombers and dauntless dive bombers added their bomb loads to the 189 tons dropped on Munda the three previous davs Twenty Japanese zeros came over Munda and were driven off with a loss of five against one of ours On Rendova island six United States planes were lost while a Japanese bomber two and a twinengined fishi er were beine shot down in a series of air fiKhts Three of our pilots were saved CAPTURE MANY POINTS 6000 MADE PRISONER Bridgeheads Extended as Deep as 20 Miles Inland in Some Areas BULLETINS ALLIED HEADQUAKTKRS IN NOUT1I AFRICA In dications multiplied that axis tank columns were regrouping for a lioivcrhouse at American positions on Gela bay Important enemy trooji movements southward from the interior of the island were noted by aerial reconnaissance ALLIED FIELD COMMAND POST Norlli Africa The destruction of a heavily escorted axis transport plane off the Si cilian coast which may have hccn carrying hieh ranking of ficials was reported Tuesday By ALTON L BLAKESLEE Associated Press War Editor British forces striking swiftly and audaciously up Ihe eastern coast ot Sicily have captured the port of Augusta and landed near Catania halfway up the coast while allied forces to the south have swept into three towns to seal oft virtually the entire south eastern corner of the island allied announcements said Tuesday The succession ot victories came with breathtaking swiftness Augusta is a port 19 miles above Syracuse captured Saturday Catania is the Italian bastion midway along the coast in the allied drive to seize all that area north to Messina and close off Sicily from the mainland Catania lies 30 miles north of Syracuse Over Rabaul American libera tors cruised for nearly three hours in the latest night raid dropping more than 25 Ions of bombs The raid cost us one liberator Jts the jungle war front on the approaches to the Japanese air base of Salamaua New Guinea clashes of patrols became more numerous Japs Claim 2 U S Cruisers Sunk By THE ASSOCIATKD PRESS A Japanese communique broad cast by the Tokyo radio Tucsda reported that a flotilla of Japa nese destroyers had sunk tw American cruisers and set an other afire in n battle north o Kolombangara island in the Solo mons Monday night The repor was without confirmation On Japanese cruiser was damaged said Ihe broadcast which was re corded by the Associated Press of Ca Canadians in Sicily Went From Britain Without Single Loss LONDON large nadian expeditionary force nu taking part in the invasion of Stci ly was transported from Britain to the Mediterranean without the loss of a man or a ship dispatches trom Canadian press war corres fondcnt Ross Munro disclos Tuedsay Munro who made trip aboard the convoy now with the Canadian forces in Sici th In rapidfire succession allied headquarters announced capture of Florida Palazzolo and Ragusa in an arc across the southeastern tip of Sicily in a tightening allied noose American troops meanwhile were advancing in the west Florida is eight miles inland from Syracuse and Palazroln 22 miles inland Hagusa a strategic rail and highway center is 12 miles southwest of Palnzzolo and about 72 miles from the southern coast Thus was a line drawn across the jutting corner The allied communique said that bridgeheads had been extended as deep as 20 miles inland at some sectors With capture of Ragusa Ameri can forces on the southern shores of Sicily formed a junction with the Canadian and British Rome earlier acknowledged that a bridgehead had been estab lished at Augusta It bom barded Monday by a strong flotilla of allied cruisers Amcricni troops in the western sector on the south shores of Sicily cvntinuc to advance and an enemy counterattack with tanks has successfully been beat en off and a large number ot pris oners tikei and some tanks de stroyed Veteran British troops advanc ing along the east coast encoun tered some resistance the bulle tin said but inland very good progress has been made The communique disclosed that a mammoth fleet of more than 3000 shipping vessels of all types from merchantmen to y warships is helping in the inva sion and landing of supplies and reinforcements It acknowledged some bombing of shipping by axis planes and the German communique de clarcd heavy losses had been inflicted Overall the battle was going well and Cen Dwight D Eisen hower made a personal visit to this new scene of allied triumph The British pushing up from Syracuse were thrusting deeper one blade of a huge allied scissors opening to cut off Sicily The other blade was the American troops in the south These two great land thrusts were accompanied by continuing powerhouse blows of the allied N air force over Sicily and big fourcngined American and Brit ish bombers teamed for heavy blows Monday and Monday night upon southern and northern Ital ian cities to tear new wounds in that besieged land Jf American liberators fljing from middle bases utruck ;