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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 12, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated Itess and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents Copyl MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 12 I960 HOME EDITION mini Paper Consists of Two One No 23t Americans Fall Back Behind Kum River Magnitude of War Hits Pentagon Report Spirit of Deep Foreboding on What May Develop By ELTON C FAY ff A spirit of deep forebording over the magni tude to which the Korean war may expand touched some high Pentagon quarters Wednesday The spectre of hordes of vol unteers from Russia and China to aid the North Korean army gave rise to the feeling in the high commands center But even aside from this poten tial situation there were estimates in other wellplaced quarters that it might take until next fall to win in if Russian or Chi nese communists do not take a hand This time table was reportedly predicted on several factors in cluding Watch Casualties 1 It will be better to take the Korean campaign at a deliberate careful tempo than to push it for a quick finish at a possible high cost iii casualties with resultant bad reaction at home 2 The North Koreans are tough fighters They have fought for the Russians at places like the bitter battle of Stalingrad and for the Japanese They fought viciously to the or no prisoners were taken from among the Kor eans 3 It took 3 months of campaign ing in Okinawa to win over Asi atic fighters 4 The North Koreans have the advantage of short supply lines through protected inland routes The U S supplies must move by sea over distances ranging from the 110mile crossing of the straits between Japan and Korea to thou sands of miles from bases in var ious places in the United States Slow BuildUp Military mentors cautioned that perhaps another 3 weeks of bad news of more falling back by American and Korean forces should be expected before the buildup of strength begins to pay off The concern evidenced private ly in some Pentagon quarters was that if North Koreas communist friends in Russia and China start sending in hundreds of thousands of volunteers the conflict may swell into a prolonged major scale war even though the theater remains localized in that part of the far east It was recalled that more than a week ago there were reports of about 200000 Chinese communist troops assembling on the Man churian border with the apparent intention of moving to the aid of the North Korean army Only the Beginning There now are reasons to be lieve that force was only the be ginning that the foreign support for the North Koreans poised to come to their aid may have be come much greater Should that be done and the belief it quite possibly may happen is prevalent in high quar ters the scale of war up to now would become only a preliminary skirmish between patrols So far battle front reports reaching Washington either offi Jtial or news dispatches have made no mention of Russians be ing among groups of North Kor eans captured in the fighting But officials thought such re could be expected at any B29 OVER B29 bomber flies over rough terrain of Korea No otherdeTaYls were included with this picture released by the department of defense in Washington some ports time Eldora Man Fined in Gaming Charge Eldora totaling were assessed against the man ager of the Pine Lake Country club Tuesday as a result of charges growing out of a June 24 raid on the club Norman Meek the manager was fined on a charge of keeping gambling equipment and on a charge of keeping liquor where beer is sold He was fined by Dis trict Judge H E Fry Sheriff Paul Hodgson who led the raid on the club said 15 punchboards and 5 bottles of liquor were seized BAME flog traffic dtalh la 24 Beaten Bitter Over Equipment By TOM LAMBERT With American Forces in Korea bitter beaten little band of GIs sprawled in exhaustion on a sunny Korean hillside Wednesday survivors of one of most savage battles fought j by Americans in the Korean war Their bitterness was more pro nounced than their exhaustion which was almost complete They talked of encirclements and infil trations A grimy bewhiskered blood shoteyed officer gritted his teeth You dont iight 2 tank equipped divisions with 30 caliber carbines I never saw such a use less damned war in all my life Bitter though they were this GI band had fought a gallant delaying action against tremendous odds Two days ago this handful of soldiers was part of a sizeable unit In a morninglong battle with North Korean tanks and troops Tuesday they were whittled down In North Korean Hands Many of the original group still are in the hills after a plunging rush from their encircled positions But many of and dead in North Korean hands or territory The battle began 2 days ago when the unit pushed off to attack the reds who were battering an other American outfit The unit moved up and dug in We stayed there until mid night said Lit Edward James of Columbus Ga Then we with drew to our original positions with the idea of fooling them But the alert reds who had been mortaring the units position had a trick too While their mortars hammered the Americans red in fantrymen sneaked into the Amer ican line When the GIs returned to their original position they had to fight communists in the dark for their own foxholes Come Out of Fogf The red assault began Tuesday at about a m The communists rode ghostlike out of a deep ground fog Their first shots clipped the echoes of a bugle call which sig nalled their attack The fog shrouded everything but the flashes of their automatic weapons as the reds swept in The reds were in front to the left and right and at the rear Every time you would kill one about 20 would come up to take his place said Pvt Freddy Pick ens of Columbus Miss Screaming and shouting bul nevertheless attacking with disci pline the reds rode into the Amer ican positions My machinegun was knocked out related Pvt Robert Reed of Michigan City Ind A mortar dropping on my position got my assistant my medic and 2 riflemen I got a carbine That was sho right out of rny hands I got an Ml rifle I was moving down a creek when the Ml was shot ou of my hands too Overwhelmed by hordes of com munist soldiers the Americans re treated Some GIs estimated an entire regiment attacked them Some Wounded Left Pvt Edward Rounds Thurman N Y said they were forced to leave behind some wounded Other Americans completely cu off surrendered One exhausted soldier said They captured a bunch of ou men I was on a mountain and saw with their hands behind their heads a lot of gooks behind them As the Americans withdrew they passed 3 enemy tanks which had driven a wedge in the U S line Pickens said one GI had knocked out 2 tanks with a ba zooka from 200 yards Iowas 1st Draft Call Is for 344 Des Moines first draft call is for 344 men Brig Gen Charles H Grahl Iowa selective service director said Tuesday he had been in tructed by national headquarters that this would be Iowas quota The men are to be ready for induction prior to Sept 30 the general said A recent check in dicated Iowa had about 20000 men available for immediate call Grahl said 5th army head quarters in Chicago has indicated that lowans probably would be sent to Omaha for induction Hoover Again Asks Building UN Minus USSR Emporia Kas Former President Herbert Hoover says hope of lasting peace lies in halt ing military aggression and re organizing the United Nations without the Russians Major Help Allies Still in Doubt Washington Secretary of State Acheson said Wednesday onferences are going on as iclp which other nations may ive in the Korean fighting He told a news conference the j gression against Korea Some 42 He called communism a force of evil He declared Today the mobilization of non communist nations free from Rus sian domination is slowly unfold ing The United Nations security council has called upon its mem bers to join in repeling the ag tate department is conferring vith the United Nations and with he defense department on sug gestions of help Obviously offers of troOps from other United Nations members vould be most helpful Acheson added He said he could not say wheth er other countries aside from Nationalist China had proposed sending in ground forces Token Forces Only Senator Tydings DMd said Tuesday have been offers of troops from other U N mem Ders and that they have been ac cepted His statement was made after a meeting of Gen Omar Bradley chairman of the joint chiefs of staff with the senate armed services committee Other committee members indicated they understood there had been offers only of token forces In a statement given to reporters at his conference Acheson vigor ously denounced the socalled soviet peace petition which is beginning to circulate in this country The petition calls for banning use of atomic weapons under terms proposed by Russia Acheson said the communist North Korean attack gives the lie to soviet peace pretentious He declared that the real crime against humanity is aggression rather than the use of any par ticular weapon In another statement Acheson summarized the support given to South Korea thus far by mem bers of the United Nations He said 53 of the 56 1 possible exception he did not given at least some morai support to the resolution Report Troops Massing Acheson was questioned about reports that Russian satellite countries particularly Bulgaria have been massing troops on the borders of Yugoslavia He said that he had seen these reports in the press but did not want to comment on their truth or falsity He added the comment that it must be obvious that any further aggression in the tense world sit uation would be a matter of the utmost seriousness Regarding the AngloSoviet talks on a possible settlement of the Korean war Acheson said he did not think he ought to specu late on what the Russians might do He had been asked whether the Soviets would not want a prohib itive price for settling the con flict Acheson did say in response to another question that the British government has kept the Ameri can government informed of rtf mernbers have given that call their moral support Three other na licns have so far joined with us in the military measures of that Wi shall soon know iiuw much of the world is prepared to meet this issue The former president spoke Tuesday night at a dedication of a memorial to the late Emporia editor William Allen White Hoover said the noncommunist world is faced with 3 possible if it would have peace Shall it go to war to wipe com munism from the face of the earth My answer is no Slioulr we return to the il lusion that the kremlin has changed its gospel and will work for world peace through the Unit ed Nations That would seem futile Shtll we try to build the United Nations so as to confine communism to the peoples already enslaved ostop military aggres sion and trust to time for this evil to abaie My answer is yes them They were marching along veloprnents in the talks 51 Sign at Des Moines Des Moines total of 51 men signed up at recruiting head in DCS Moines Tuesday Most ol Ihem had been sent here from recruiting substations in other parts of the state a large number coming from eastern Iowa Of those enlisted 20 signed for the navy 12 in the air force 10 in the marines and 9 in the army Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clearing and cooler Wednesday night with low 60 Thursday partly cloudy and cool with high 75 Iowa Showers extreme east clearing remainder of state Wednesday night with lows 55 1o 60 Thursday partly cloudy and cooler with northwesterly winds 2030 MPH Lowering humidity with high Thursday 70 to 78 Further outlook Gen erally fair and dry Briday anc Saturday Warmer by Saturday Highs Friday 75 to 80 Minnesota Partly cloudy and cooler Wednesday night Thurs day generally fair and cool Low Wednesday night 45 northwes to 55 southeast High Thursday near 70 north to 75 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 84 Minimum 6 At 8 a m 70 Precipitation 2 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 81 55 But US Headquarters Claims Reds Cut Off From Own Supplies 104 Cities Now More Than 700000 By CHARLES MOLONY Washington Provisional census returns show that 1 American cities now have a pop ulation above 100000 Thats a dozen more than made the 100000 up class in 1940 with a few more still to be heard from Baton Rouge La scored a spec tacular population climb from 33719 in 1940 to 123954 this year a jump of 257 per cent The major cities for which figures still are unavailable are Philadelphia Houston San An tonio Albany N Y and Wichita Kans If Philadelphia maintains its place as the nations 3rd largest census analysts nations top 10 cities vill line up as 1 New York 7841610 2 Chica o 3631835 3 Philadelphia 1 931334 in 4 Los Angeles 1 954036 5 Detroit 1837613 6 Baltimore 939865 7 Cleveland 909546 8 St Louis 852253 9 Washington D C 792234 10 Boston 788552 D C Jumps to 9th This year Los Angeles passed Detroit Baltimore passed Cleve and and Washington jumped to 9th place from llth in 1940 push ing Boston back to 10th placefrom Sin Pittsburgh with 673756 resi dents was pushed out ot the top 10 to 12th place San Francisco formerly 12th moved up to llth on a count of 760439 Milwaukee held 13th with 632938 Cities making the biggest pop ulation gains for the most part nave been in the west southwest south and mountain states De clining populations have been shown mostly in New England and the middle Atlantic Big Gain for Houston Cities with 500000plus popu lations reported so far are Buf falo 576506 New Orleans 568407 and Minneapolis 517410 Houston which had a 1940 population of 384314 is expected to land in the over 500000 group this time In the 400000up class come Cincinnati 499749 Seattle 462981 Kansas City 453290 Newark 437 3i Dallas 432805 Indianapolis 424683 and Denver 412823 The 200000up group includes Omaha 247397 In the 100000up class is Des Moines with 176954 AP Wirephoto HELD IN SHOOTING Omogrosso left a watchman holds out his hands to be handcuffed by De tective James Swicle right after he went berserk early Wednesday morning shooting 3 men in Hotel Schenley Pittsburgh Pa killing 1 and critically wounding the other 2 Detective Al Mimpfer is center Inch of Rain Seen as Help to Corn Beans Nearly an inch of rain Wednes day up to 2 p m brought smiles to the faces of Cerro Gordo farm ers many of whom came to Mason City on a shopping trip or just to visit during the afternoon All agreed that the rain was badly needed and would be of great benefit to the crops Rain fell generally in all parts of the county although individual show ers missed portions The soybeans will be especially benefittcd according to Elmer W Krause Cerro Gordo county PMA chairman They are very late he said and it will take lots of warm nights as well as the rain to bring them up to normal The corn also will be helped greatly by the rain he said since it is just in the tasseling stage The rain will increase yields con siderably Krause forecast Oats are too near maturity to be affected much by the rain he said unless the weight would break some over on to the ground AUSSIES HAVE FIELD DAY Tokyo Mustang fighter pilots were reported offi cially to have had a field day Wednesday with the highest num ber of eCficial kills since they went Reports 5Inch Rockets Fail at Piercing 60Ton Red Tanks By CHARLES CORDDRY United Press Aviation Writer An American Air Base in Japan air force pilots returning from missions over Koiea reported Wed nesday that their 5inch rockets were ineffective against the 60ton tanks of the North Korean forces Pilots returning from what appeared to be a nearmaxi mum effort reported good day against communist medium tanks and vehicles But they complained their rock ets glanced off the big tanks F80 Shooting Stars still were returning to this base well after j sundown parking along ramps and taxi strips where ground crews work on the planes through out the night so they will be ready to take off at dawn The strafing and rocketfiring attacks were concentrated against communist forces along the high way northward from Chochiwan Maj Charles Williams 30 of San Antonio Tex a squadron leader reported he got one tank shortly before dark The joker was trying to hide against a bank and I wheeled around and put a burst of about 600 rounds in him Williams said Williams added however that his rockets only glanced off the big tanks He said sometimes with luck he can make rockets bounce off the ground and strike the underneath in knocking them the fuel out that tanks tanks way The communists are good at camouflage and sometimes its hard to spot their tanks in hiding places near the trees Williams said Williams is married and has a son whose first birthday an niversary is tomorrow His wife and child live at another base in Japan McCarthy Claims State Department Files Stripped Washington Senator Mc Carthy Wednesday sent to Presi dent Truman signed statements which he said prove that state de partment personnel files were de liberately stripped of derogatory data in 1946 McCarthy Wisconsin republican told a news conference the state ments were signed by one present employe of the state department and 3 former employes One of the former employes McCarthy added now is an FBI agent McCarthy produced photo graphic copies of the statements which he sent to the white house The Wisconsin lawmaker also produced a copy of a letter from FBI Chief J Edgar Hoover Mc Carthy said this letterproves Sen ator Tydings did not tell the truth when he said June 21 that an FBI study of 81 state de partment loyalty files disclosed nothing to sustain charges byMc inlo action 10 days ago including Carthy that the records had been 8 North Korean tanks I tampered with and denuded Johnston Win Blow to States Righters Columbia S Car Olin D Johnston D S Car piled up an unbeatable lead Tues day over Gov J Strom Thur mond in democratic senatorial primary returns which struck a blow at the states rights move ment An almostcomplete count of Tuesdays ballots also showed that former Secretary of State James F Byrnes beginning a new political life at the age of 70 won the South Carolina governorship hands down over 3 opponents With 1431 of the states 1570 precincts reporting Johnston a fair deal critic but one who favors keeping the fight within the party had 158378 votes to 133543 for the 1948 states rights standard bearer Thurmond refused to concede the nomination which amounts to election but his position was con sidered hopeless Byrnes wartime assistant president to the late Franklin Roosevelt came out of virtual re tirement with a promise to form a union of governors to check the spread of federal power He completely rivals snowed under his Attacking Force Seen at 75000 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Korean com munists pushed south with tankled battalions against Americans in South Korea Wednesday but advance American headquarters said the reds had been cut off from their own supply bases by air strikes An advance headquarters spokesman in Korea said the air force had isolated the reds from their own reinforce ment bases However it ap peared that the reds had al ready built up a formidable amount of power men and tanks at the front before the air pounding wrecked their supply route The spokesman described ground action as particularly intense and growing stronger even against the South Ko rean forces to the east The red drive in the sector held by South Korean units has not Jjeen as heavy as against the Americans but there have been some indications it was growing up in power Claim 700 Yanks Killed The North Korean radio claimed 700 Americans had been killed and 200 captured south of Chochiwon during the red breakthrough The report was taken with reser vation here The red radio also claimed 15 U S tanks and 5 armored cars were de stroyed more than 1100 au tomatic rifles severl anti tank guns and 5 tanks were captured The radio did not give the period covered The highway between the front and the communist supply bases was described as wreckage littered vehicles and blasted bridges which the spokesman said iso lated the battlefront Two Yak3 Russian fighter planes shot down an American liaison plane in the western sec tor but the pilot and observer crash landed inside their own lines and were riot badly hurt Despite the reported isolation of the front the Korean red drive rolled on Tanks including 60 ton Russian made m o ns t e r s crushed American positions Look Like Tigers A European war veteran Tom my Bishop of Quitman Miss said some of the red armor looked like German Tiger tanks General MacArthur in a com munique covering fighting some 24 hours earlier said late Wednes day night that strong North Ko rean pressure may compel fur ther withdrawals behind the Kum river defense line American engineers had mined the modern bridge across the Kum and the highway to the north a stream of with burning Lie Asks Koreans to Stop Atrocities Lake Success N Y ed Nations Secretary General Trygve Lie appealed to both sides in the Korean war Wednesday to stop atrocities Spurred by reports that at least 7 American soldiers had been found dead their hands tied be hind their backs and bullets through their faces the Norwegian diplomat asked both North and South Korea to accept observation teams of the International Red Cross to ascertain that the Geneva conventions on warfare are being observed Although no official reports of atrocities have reached his head quarters Lie also was disturbed by press dispatches from Korea that the South Koreans deliber ately broke the backs of a number of North Korean guerrillas taken prisoners King did not say whether the bridge had been blown up Anger Sweeps GIs Anger swept the American lines over the killing of at least 18 American prisoners their hands tied by the advancing communists A communique from headquar ters of General MacArthur su preme United Nations commander in the Korean fighting said the acts of barbarity and murder had been authenticated Official army photographs of 4 slain in fantrymen showed their hands were tied behind their backs be fore they were shot through the head The photographer wrote in his report to headquarters This is not killed in action I call it murder MacArthurs communique said North Korean war leaders will be held responsible Too Quiet Wednesday began quietly on the Korean westren too quiet in the words of a field headquar ters spokesman Then in mid morning a flared up tankled red attack against Chochinwon about 60 air miles south of Seoul y ;