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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 12, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OES AND ARCH I YC KOINES I A VOU U THE NCWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wins Five CenU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUtY 12 1945 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS BIG FLEET OF INSIDE WASHINGTON Wife of Jimmie Byrnes Tremendous Helper HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist wife the new secretary of state is so know ing politicians say the perfect Wife for the man in public life Maud Byrnes wife of James P has 2nade her husbands career her complete life work ever since she married the lively Irishman down in North Carolina She is a pVetty gentle woman with a soft voice She is neither argumenta tive nor restless She has never dragged the poor man out to parties when he came home tired from his office She is a charming homemaker and a wise listening post when her husband wants to explode about some of the diffi culties he has had to overcome Whenever Byrnes ran for of fice and he ran right often and right far drove him by day or night through his district stopping at the right spot so that Jimmie could address an audi torium of possible constituents Meanwhile she was always goodtempered encouraging and gave sound advice in the slightly baffledbyitall tone of voice which southern women affect so well i I was just thinking Jimmie she would say after Jimmie had been storming a bit at the opposi tion I was just thinking that maybe you might have got the wrong just a what those people really meant It could be that you a little tired at the time they spoke Maybe honey v just didnt understand things the way they were meant It ever man was truly helped by Us wife said Speaker Sam Kaarbnrn It is Jimmie Byrnes WhyMaud knows that fellow Inside out She has always the thing that would be best him And shes done it gaily mod unselfishly I tell you fine rThe new secretary or state has S talentfor winning and holding the loyalty of the people who know him Byrnes its going to be hard to refer to him as Secre tary of State Byrnes when Ive known him for years and years Jimmie Byrnes told me about his clever secretary Miss Cassie Connor Miss Connor would meek ly take down a sharp note as dic tated by the then Senator Byrnes whenhe was justly indignant A few days alter he had sent the it out of his system so to would call Miss Connor into his office Cassie he would say Ive been thinking about that letter I wrote to the fellow down in Texas It might be that I could phrase it another way But I sup pose by this time you have mailed the letter Oh no I havent mailed it Miss Connor would reply In deed Mr Byrnes looking the boss straight in the eye I didnt have a stamp for that letter So I filed it away It is probably out ofdate nowShall I tear it up By all means Byrnes would answer tear it up It wasnt much good anyhow The new secretary ot state is not theonly man in public life the moment who rejoices in nonaggressive wife I hasten to correct that sentence to a non publicly aggressive There arent many career women in high matrimonial places around the capital these days Mrs Tmman keeps becomingly in the background of the presi dents official life I think I should have maneuvered a trip to Germany with Harry S if had been Mrs Bess However Mrs Bess Truman is probably smarter to stay at home in Inde pendence Mo and wait for her husband to tell when he gets back home how many highballs Winston Churchill can stand without 3 Joe Stalin really looks behind his mustache and other highclass international agenda The other new members of the cabinet also have noncareer wives That is they have wives who have made their husbands careers their own Could be dear sisters who crusade for womens rights that this is the smartest road for a woman to take Cer tainly the new official wives have done pretty well for themselves and their husbands What the postwar wife will do with her self and her husband or with thi man she to land as a husband is going to be one of the most interesting sociological de velopments of the next decade 12th Infantry Returns New Tork trans ports are scheduled to arrive in New York Thursday bringing home from Europe 5360 troops including the J2th infantry regi ment of the 4th Ivy division Truman Seeks Closer Big 3 Diplomatic Ties By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Associated Press Diplomatic News Editor Washington Truman is expected to seek closer and more continuous diplomatic ties with Britain and Russia when he meets Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin at Berlin The objective will be to assure daytoday handling of current European political problems which grew out of the war and for which quick solutions are considered vital to a workable peace At the heart of whatever pro r e Posal Mr Truman makes alone LOffimittee Due tor this to create an Dormant Construction the VINSON GIVES BUILDING BOOST Washington M Vin son shortly will create a new committee to give the nearly dor mant construction industry a boost toward reconversion The intergovernmental agency group under a chairman to be installed in Vinsons office of war mobilization and reconversion will guide a concerted effort to help the industry in matters of materials prices and relaxation of federal controls Vinson holds that building ac tivity now stripped down to a wartime low about 000 a year should reach a 000000000 level in order to fill a postwar role in stabilizing the economy and providing jobs This would be about 15 per cent higher than any previous volume of con struction Construction has lagged far be hind other industries in relaxation of controls largely because of the lumber shortage which now pears destined to continue months Associates Vinson said ap for he was equally concerned however with the fact thevast industry is loosely organized Hence it has no representationlike that of the automobile industry which can sit down and ats problems with the government In addition to dealing with controls it is reported that the new committee also wiE attempt to coordinate private building with public works Vinson has asked for a targe shelf of public works in the blue print stage to enable prompt start of a government building program as a stimulus to private business The public works pro gram in Vinsons view should be retarded when private con struction hits good levels and ac celerated again when private ac tivity falls off and thus function as a stabilizer for the industry Vinsons recent report to con gress estimated that the country will need 1250000 new dwellings annually in the 10 years imme diately after the war onethird more than ever were constructed before in the case came in municipal court late Wednesday Police Chief William E Marks reported when the woman said she really was Phyllis Ann Webster of Staff Sgt Ernest Webster serving over seas She revealed they were mar ried 7 years ago and said she re cently made an unsuccessful di vorce application police reported Woman Who Took Baby Tells Identity Marion Ohio attrac tive 23yearold woman who ad mitted taking baby Jean Eileen Creviston from City hospital nurs ery and telling friends il was her own newborn child also posed as tnvie IHUST De a single the wife of a man other than her Peace conference for Europe be husband fore the end of the Japanese war The latest bizarre development Tne 3 are expected to decide the case came in municipal wich it shall be urt late Wednesday Police Chief 4Political and economic qnes William E Marks reported when tions Among these are whether the woman Ital ho need to promote Big 3 coopera tion at a time when some forces are working to weaken it In some respects the stresses on this conference will be greater than those under which the late President Roosevelt Churchill and Stalin worked at Tehran and at Yalta The biggest difference of course is that the 3 allies no longer are bound by the com pelling need to defeat a common enemy They are confronted with the necessity for writing a common peace but in this political and economic differences of approach pose problems which the purely military considerations of the past never brought up Generally as diplomats here see it the task of the Big 3 at Potsdam will parallel but does not tie in directly with the work of the San Francisco conference Al San Francisco the united nations were concerned with designing machinery to preserve peace At Berlin the job will be mainly one of arranging the transitions from war to peace This may be broken down into 4 main categories 1 Lonerange control of Ger many The top allies Russia Britain France and the United perfecting mili tary controls for the relatively brief period of years in which theywill be disarming and neu tralizing the reich The policies for that were worked out a1 Yalta Now they must decide on policies for permanent disposal of Germany What sort of politics and what sort of economy are to be allowed the German people If they are to be allowed to emergeeventually as a whole na tion again what territory shal they hold and what industries may they develop in it The Big 3 need to find common answers to these and similar questions in the interest of harmony 2 Disposition of territories There are more than 30 disputed boundaries in Europe and there are Italian colonies to be disposed of As they did at San Francisco the big powers may be expected to make their own tentative de cisions preliminary to the fina settlement However the Berlin conference hkely will not have time to go these questions in great de tail Hence some sort of commis sion may be set up to work on them and provide solutions when necessary 3 Peace conference Some al lied officials have contended that the job of liquidating the war should be accomplished in a series of small conferences and some argue there must be a single should be given increased political stature and readied for admission to the united nations whether any joint action should be taken against Spains Franco government of which Moscow has been most critical whether Russia When she was taken into cusintends to pursue a singlehanded tody Tuesday she gave her name Policy with Turkey over the Dar as Mrs Phyllis Lanman wife of danelles and whether she will Estel E Lanman Mansfield Ohio have a voice in restoring Tangier candy salesman as an international zone On arraignment in the court Mrs Webster pleaded guilty to a I charge of carrying away a child under 12 and was placed in jail in default of S20000 bond The police chief said Mrs Web ster told him she adopted Lan mans name lor a 3montli period during which she feigned pregnan cy by stuffing herclothing with cotton batting and1 bought baby clothes and a bassinet In Mansfield meanwhile centlydivorced Lanman vigor ously denied that Phyllis was his wife explaining she was a former employe and just a good friend He said he went to Marion Sun day night after Mrs Websters landlady telephoned him and an nounced he had become a father He visited Phyllis he said and waited around until 4 a m trying to figure it out Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Last of 8th Air Force Leaves English Bases for Home Sweet Home London last U S 8th air force bomber took off from England Wednesday not for Germany which collected most of its daylight poundings from the 8th but for home The takeoff of the B24 Libera tor completed 51 days depart ures by 2118 bombers at the rate of one every 20 minutes rede ploying a total of 41500 American air force personnel to the United Slates They were part of more than 60000 troops flown home since the 3rd week of May with 20000 more scheduled to fly this month But the Sths part in the European job is done This Paptr Consists 0J Two One NO JAPAN Honshu Shikoku Are Latest AAF Targets GENERAL EISENHOWER VISITS ROOSEVELT GRAVETheir heads bowed in rever ence Genera of the Army D wight Eisenhower and Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt stand at the grave of the late president Franklin D Roosevelt The general has just put a wreath Of hlies roses carnations and blue asters on the grave i Ike Returns to Paris New Task Paris Eisenhower re turned by plane Wednesday night to the continent his leadership helpedfree from the nazi grasp and Thursday began the last steps leading to final dissolution of his supreme command The mighty allied forces will revert to their own national con trol and Eisenhower will step over to thecommand of the Americans and tohisPlace on the interallied control council for defeated Ger many An announcement several days ago said dissolution howers supreme command was being delayed only until he could return from the United States say goodbye to his staff and direct the final ceremonies At that time dissolution of su preme headquarters of the allied expeditionary force was expected about July 1J Eisenhowers re turn Wednesday night seemed to indicate it might take place on exactly that date SHAEF OFFICIALLY DISSOLVED JULY 14 Paris h e a d quarters allied expeditionary force will be dissolved at a m on July 14 it was announced Thurs day soon after Geu Eisenhower returned to the continent which his combined command helped free The American British and French forces which served under the supreme commander will then revert to national controls The SHAEP announcement of its im minent dissolution contained no details Ease Fraternization Rule With Germans British Occupation IIQ Ger many rule against troop fraternization with the Germans probably will be eased in the American as well as the British zone in about 2 weeks it was re ported Thursday The soldiers will be permitted to visit cafes talk with the Ger mans and walk with frauleins it was understood but probably will not be permitted to visit German homes Authorities expected the modi fication of the rule to make possi ble a stricter enforcement of whatever other restrictions re main Weather Report FORECAST Mason CityPartly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday No de cided change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy through Fri day with widely scattered showers Thursday and little change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Slightly cooler Thursday and a little warmer Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 82 Minimum Wednesday 62 At 8 a m Thursday 63 Precipitation 05 Inch YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 55 Precipitation 13 WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tokyo radio said 180 Okinawabased fighter planes hit Kyushu airfields and Superforts patrolled Honshu coasf U S 3rd fleet still prowled with Japanese openly fearing new carrier plane 3t S air force incendiary bombing bolsters Australian ith divisions 3 mile punch through Japanese lines north of Balik papan Japanese capture Tinpak rn south China coast 170 miles southeast of Canton Chinese take former U S air base at Sinchene after 32mile advance in 3 days stronS Japanese position on lower Sittang river wiped out by British Broken Widow of Mussolini Dreams of Coming to U S Raising Children in Freedom EDITORS NOTE The following exclusive interview is one of the few public statements ever made by Mrs BenUo Mussolini H is her first to an American correspondent since the death of her husband and her removal to a British internment camp By ANN STRINGER A British Internment Camp Tcrni Italy was never close to him when he was high I was always near him when he was down With that weeping epitaph Benito Mussolinis grayhaired widow summed up her life with the flamboyant duce who left her for a younger prettiermistress at height of his fascist power Pouring out her words between choking sobs Donna Rachele re vealed in an exclusive interview that she spoke to the doomed duce by telephone only 6 hours before he was slain by a band of Italian partisans near Milan last April u iuy iniiuence over MUSI We spoke informally m the Gshe laughed almost gaily room apartment in an abandoned synthetic rubber factory where she and her 2 youngest children are being held in British protec tive custody Throughout the interview Don na Kachele defended her dead husband against every accusation his final infidelity with Clara Petacci shared his death and humiliation in the bloody public square in Milan For the redhaired Clara Mrs Mussolini had nothing but hatred and a fierce satisfaction that Benitos mistress was dead Her eyes literally flashed when Claras name was She pushed herself far back in her chair sat up straightand spat out Theyve done well to hang her She was the only one around Mussolini who had anything real ly to do with the Germans Then speaking even more furi ously and pounding the table be fore her she almost shouted Mussolini she always referred to him that way never had any thing to do with women He never let them have any influence over him That was propaganda just to ruin him Mussolini at the most had 5 minutes with a woman then he would leave her She trembled with anger and emotion as she spoke But the frail widow still attractive in spite of her 5S years maintained her dignity presenting a far dif ferent picture from the hulking peasanttype woman I had been led to expect I last saw Mussolini about 8 days before he was killed she went on holding a clenched hand kerchief before her face I talked with him by telephone about 6 or 7 hours before he met death He called me at 3 a m at Como that morning and told me to try to get into Switzerland but that if I failed to turn myself and the partisans But I did not he going to be killed She broke down again at that point and began beating on the with her clenched fists bitterly Asked if she believed she had had any influence over Mussolini shrugged her shoulders Of course she replied in a way He really trusted me He was very very sincere He had a lot of affection for me Probably was the only woman really thought something of him And I was the only woman he ever thought anything oi I started to write a book th story of my life and his life recalled I lived 36 years with Mussolini I knew him better thai anyone else in the world She broke into tears again and said half to herself I was never close to him when he was high I yas always near him when he was down I asked her when she was hap piest with Mussolini In the old clays she sobbed We never had a home really since 1925 when we lived in pro vince Romania We were there Then she revealed for the firs time that she and Benito once planned to emigrate to the Unite State before Mussolir started on the road to empire an death We should have gone to Amer ica when we first got married she said We had planned to and we talked much about it We planned to live there and raise our children there But then Mussolin changed his mind She said she has no property except what she brought intothe internment camp with eral thousand Italian lire and Swiss francs 3 gold bars and somi bonds of unknown value Asked what her present plan were she said she preferred to stay on in British custody than be taken by the Italian government When told the Italian government had preferred no charges against her she tossed back her head and laughed repeating that she was welltreated here i tj fcuni ana The Italians never treated me the children over to the Ameri so well she smiled she said she mght eventually Of course I knew something take her children to the United was wrong I knew he was in States and raise money to live on danger because he told me he was by giving lectures and interviews FridaJ July 13 air fleet of from 500 to 550 Super more jhn 3OOQ tons Oooiog and explosive bombs ann l JaPauese and an oil center spread over s of the holne islands on Honshu and Shikoku tr ide struck from Uwajima on the west central coast of Shikoku to as far east as Utsunomlya a city of 80000 yine GO miles north of Tokyo on the north Tokyo plain Other cities hit along the way were the munitions center of Ichi lomiya 9 miles northwest of Nagoya on a main double track mail line between Nagoya and Gifu and Tsuruga which lies on the west cen part of the main home island Honshu They showered incendiaries on the cities and demolitions bombs on Kawasaki a petroleum center on a reclaimed island in Tokyo bay On the island are facilities of WLB ORDERS STRIKERS BACK 16000 Akron Workers Face Loss of Benefits Washington war la or board Thursday ordered 16 000 strikers at the Firestone Tire and Rubber companyAkron 3hio to return to work by next Monday morning or lose benefits board previously had voted hem The board acted unanimously in directing that the strike which iias been under way since July 2 ae terminated forthwith in the interest of the country the em ployes and the union without discrimination or account of the itrike In a telegarm to offers of the United Rubber Workers local 7 the board said the strike is in violation of the national no strike agreement and is interfer ing with war production which is needed by our armed forces The dispute was the subject of a stormy board session here Tues day at which union officers walked out in protest against the board hearing plant committee men The union officers promised to take up with the union not lat er than Friday the boards return to The boards telegram Thursday referred to this public hearing and the union officers promise and added Unless the workers are back at work on Monday morning July 16 1945 the board will immedi ately lake action with respect to the question of revocation of the vacation shift premium and main tenance of membership provisions which were discussed at the pub lic hearing The parties are re quested to make known the con tents of this telegram to the strik ing employes The telegram was addressed to Isaac H Watson president and H H Atkinson treasurer of the union locnl Publication of 3 Birmingham newspapers was suspended indefi nitely following a walkout by union printers as New York City publishers moved lo have 14 ma jor metropolitan papers distrib uted despite a continued strike by 1700 deliverymen Four of Detroits 7 strikes ended during the last 24 hours including the stoppage by 1000 dairy work ers But for the 4th straight day some half million Detroit resi dents went without any milk De liveries would be normal Friday dairy officials said Elsexyherc along the nations la bor front a dozen strikes curtailed or halted work in a varied line of men and women trom their jobs Australians Get New Minister Canberra Australia for mer locomotive engineer and son of a blacksmith became prime minister of Australia Thursday when the labor party chose Joseph Benedict Chifley as its leader Chiflcy who will be 60 in Sep tember has been treasurer the labor government and was the closest friend and confidante of he Nippon Oil company Standard Vacuum Oil company the Rising Sun Petroleum company and the Mitsui storage depot The heavy blow was struck aft lighter bombers and fighters had carried the air war to the Japanese homeland in quick suc cession to the big 1000carrjer plane raid on Tokyo airfields Tuesday An American landing close to Japan to seize more island air bases to support the eventual in vasion of the homeland was fore cast by the Tokyo newspaper IMainichi Tuesdays carrier raid on some 70 Tokyo airfields was mere ly a forerunner of such a landing fllainichi said and it predicted Planes from Vice Adm John S McCains task force 38 would re turn to Tokyo again and again The fleet has been under radio silence since Tuesday Landbased fighters and bombershave filled in the gap Aircraft from Okinawa flew through stormy weather Wednesday to further neutralize suicide air bases on southern Japans Kyushu island and Tokyo reported 180 returned Thursday but failed to make any mischief The elimination of the Japa nese air force as an effective weapon is the first job Amer ican air power Undersecretary of Naty Artemus L Gates saidin Washington He expressed belief this will be accomplished short ly Two troop convoys attempting to carry troops from Shanghai to the homeland possibly to rein force garrisons guarding the inva sion coasts of Japan were broken up by the American naval blockade On the south China coast the high command admitted Nipponese troops have recaptured Tinpak in an apparent attempt to strengthen overland communica tions between Canton and Hainan island Tinpak is a highway town on the northeastern corner of Lui chow Hoihong peninsula 170 miles southeast of Canton Japanese counterattacks on the TndoChina border were reported beaten back North of the border Chinese forces drove from the re captured U S Liuchow air base toward Kweilin 32 miles distant and most important of the lost American air bases in south China Isolated Japanese in rainswept south Burma were reported dig ging in near Nyaungkashe and to have occupied the town which British troops evacuated 2 days in the face of Nipponese attacks Australians captured Seping air field near Balikpapan 411 u vuncu niiu ui iietu near tsalikD industries The countrys labor dis Dutch will use the air putes kept approximately 42000 drome the 3rd captured in the 12 men and women tram thnir inhs day old invasion of southeast Borneo Aussies drove a 3 mile wedge into defense lines in one sector and broke up a counter attack in another the man he John Curtin succeeds the late He won a commanding lead in caucus balloting over Deputy Prime Minister Forde and Norman John Oswald Makin minister of navy and munitions The party chose Forde as leader Sixfoot pipesmoking ruddy Chifley is little known to the av erage Australian However he did impress the rank and file of all parties as a leader in recent months when he served as acting prime minister when Curtin was ill and Deputy Prime Minister Forde was attending the united nations conference in San Fran cisco Quisling Is Charged With 716 Homicides in Formal Indictment Oslo URJA formal indictment against Vidkun Quisling was made Thursday charging him with i6 homicides treason vio lation of the Norwegian constitu tion and illegally amassing a for tune of millions of crowns The indictment was 7000words long and was drafted by States Attorney Annaeus Schjodt Trial ot Quisling will begin in late July or early August labor i r i deputy bntish Lourt Acquits German in Lynching Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy London British mili tary court Thursday acquitted 1 of 7 Germans charged with lynching a fellow war prisoner in a Scottish camp and reserved judgment on the other 6 Cpl Herbert Wundcrlich was acquitted He claimed he took no part in the actual slayingof Wolf gang Rosterg who was strangled and hanged in the camp latrine last December ;