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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, July 12, 1944

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 12, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCMMWCNT Of HISTOBV ANO DCS UOINCS IA COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 12 This Paper Consists ot Two Out VOL1 United REDS 49 MILES FROM EAST PRUSSIA Americans Smash Back Heavy German Attacks TANKS 144 IN FIERCEFIGHTING Allied Troops Slug Forward to Lessay and St Lo Along Front Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force can troops destroyed more tha 20 nazi tanks Wednesday i smashing back heavy Germa counterblows at the center o their lines and swept forward o both wings ot the 48mile Iron slugging to within 2 miles th western anchor town oE Lessaj and even closer to St Lo The fierce repulse of German ar mor raised to 144 the toll of ene my tanks taken in France in th last few days In violent fighting American closed on St German central bastion in Normandy from 2 directions and the naz counterattacked to cover a Ge man withdrawal to the west Doughboys Wednesday nig were within less than 2 miles St Lo on the east a front dis patch declared Throwing their heaviest assault toward Le Desert 6 miles north west St Lo German tanks and troops charged headon into U S lines and more than 20 enemy tanks went up in flames before the nazis retreated Le Desert of St Jean De Daye was left in a no mans land with the doughboys a couple of hundred yards from that village Despite the heavy German ar mored losses Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys headquarters warned that enemy armor stil is strong and he is fighting hack vigorously but is being worn down down and given no rest The west wing the American attack advanced nearly a mile seizing the villages of Angovill Sur Ay and La Bourdonnerie ant carrying to within 2 miles of th hinge town of Lessay On the inland side of thei front Lt Gen Omar N Bradley men opened another attack a dawn against the road junction of St Lo digging out entrenched Germans with bayonets They struck from 2 points 2 miles north and 4 northeast of St Lo and cut the road from St Lo northeast to Bayeux in the push closing in from the east side of town To the east BritishCanadian lines were pushed back between the Odon and Orne rivers and the village of Louvigny southwest of Caen was lost supreme headquar ters said German armored resist ance has been especially strong in the Caen sector 000 Planes Again Batter Munich South France Raided By GLADWIN HILL London 2000 American planes battered the grea uth German city ot Munich again Wednesday while another fore Italy struck once more int the south ot France bombing Vail targets Move than 1200 ol the plane assaulting Munich on this 2n successive day were heavy bomb ers the rest were long rang fighters The Swiss said 3 plane landed on their territory Targets of the heavy bombe which flew from Italy were tl Mimes and Miramas railyarc the Var river rail bridge and th Thoole Sur Mer bridge Nim and Miramas are 62 miles and miles northwest of Marseille spectively and the Var river just west of Nice Up to 750 fighters convoyed t Fortresses and Liberators to Ge manys 4th largest city A railw bottleneck for traffic into Ita and France The German communique s the assault of 1100 heavy bom ers on the Munich region Tuesd was a terror attack The city of 828000 persons 720 miles from London as bombers fly 25 miles from the foothills of the Alps It cradles BACK IN Gen Hanford MacNider Mason City deputy U S force commander in the S W Pacific landed at San Francisco Wednesday and is now enroute to Washington D C by plane accordinc to word received here Mrs Mac Nider planned to leave Mason City Wednesday for Washington to meet her husband He has been in the Pacific area for marc than 2 years While in the states he plans to stop in Ma son City before returning to his post but for how lony has not been determined numerous German war industries American medium and light bombers simultaneously attacked 3 important fuel dumps behind German lines in Normandy On the eastern and western Normandy fronts Tuesday allied fighterbombers and rocket planes destroyed 28 German tanks and damaged 16 more This is equal to about of the tank strength of a German armored division The coup against the enemy armor was executed despite bad weather which kept support sor ties down to a low total of in The weather continued bad Tues BOMBER SMASHES TRAILERS Fifteen persons were killed and many injured when an army bomber crashed late Tuesday into a trailer camp destroying 20 trailers 20 Trailers Destroyed When Bomber Crashes Into Camp Smith Portland Maine and civilian authorities inves Wednesday the crash of a 2motor army training bomber wliich fell in flames late Tuesday in a war workers trailer camp JFiriiiinir 15 iiprsnm iniurine and in South Portland Maine Associated Press vdrephoto Kayenay engraving sector which the British had cap weather which kept support EOT lured the day before ties down to a low total of 1700 Here the Germans rushed in The weather continued bad Tues both tanks and infantry and Wedday night and operations for the nesdav the exact position of Brit3rd night running were confined sh lines which at one time to simultaneous attacks by RAF reached the Outskirts of Fauboue Mosquitos behind the German De Vaucelles remained obscure battlelines and m the reich itself The next heaviest fighting was The Mosquitos attacked industrial Oin around St Lo where the targets in the Ruhr valley with Americans had pushed south to out loss wrthfrf 2 m of that nazi for Sky fleets totaling some 4000 imvn planes includins heavy bombers Raids Greatly Curtail Nazi Oil Output Supreme Headauarters Allied Expeditionary Force iPl Amer ican air attacks on 64 German oil installations have curtailed the enemys petroleum production to a point where the shortage is having an important effect on the mobility of nazi ground forces a senior U S air force of ficer declared Wednesday The objective of thwarting German mobility has been achieved this officer said western American push had I Munich area the whole German Ion on the Mediterranean ink from St Lo to the flyingbomb sites in northern France I The doughboys made their lar One gest gain in a three Barters ot others attacked mile drive south of La MeaufCe transport and suppiy dumps along the Vire river 4 miles noith ChalonsVitry area 90 miles of St Lo It was south of St Lo that American Thunderbolts caught a German panzer column on the open road and destroyed or damaged 31 armored vehicles RAF rocketfiring aircraft ac counted for 16 others in heavy fighting around Hottot and Vim He said the German air force the other chief object oE United attacks recent ont ector British troops forced their way nrithli TiPlfl snlidlv to forward for limited sains in the British held spumy 10 iiiint smith of their line in the TransOdon river salient and to Crucifix Hill northeast of Esquay despite the most violent efforts of Marshal Rommels 11 divisions to retake it A wholeGerman regiment of 3000 liquidated and hundreds were captured The doughboys driving on St Lo bypassed then captured St Andre De Lepinc For the 2nd day running the GIs struck at dawn but this time after only slight artillery prep aration They advanced slowly around Hottot south of TilySur Seullcs and the Ger mans reacted violently Only limited gains were made by Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys forces west of the Vire river and south of Carentan but the threat in these 2 sectors forced the Ger mans to withdraw south of La Haye du Puits toward Lessay Advanced American units were within 3 miles of Lessay on the outskirts AngovilleSurAy which is 3 miles south of La Haye I over soggy fields and marshland littered with burned out German tanks thrown swiftly into the fray The German intention a front line dispatch said had been to press with tanks through the narrow beachhead to Isigny on the sea and thus split Lt Gen Omar Bradleys front On the west coast below La Haye Du Puits the GIs cleared the great forest Ml Castre to the southeast Medium and light American bombers intervened explosively in the ground fighting striking the fuel supplies of Marshal Rommel s tanks and trucks behind the line They also strafed German reserves moving up to St Lo and hit a bridge near Paris The supreme commands com munique No 73 announced 28 German tanks had been destroyed and 16 more damaged by air at l tacks near St Lo Hottot and Vi mont Vimont is south of Troarn which is east of Caen Field dis patches disclosed 80 nazi tanks had been destroyed around Caen in 72 hours Field Marshal Gen Envin Rom I mels blazing counterattacks I struck everywhere except south S of La Du Puits but the I heaviest came at Colombelles along the river Ornc in the Caen du Puits JAPANESE AGAIN LASH HENGYANG Planes Artillery Back Up General Onslaught Chungking UR Japanese j forces in a desperate assault clij maxing a 2weeks old siege against the Chinese stronghold of Hengyang on the CantonHankow railway in Hunan province have launched a general onslaught supported by aerial and artillery bombardment and gas attacks a Chinese army communique re ported Thursday ROBOMBS USING LONG GLIDES New Strategy Makes Them Hard to Escape London scattering of flying bombs banged into south ern England and the London area Wednesday as it was disclosed that some of the projectiles have been dropping silently in long glides that make them more difficult to escape After London had experienced its second successive raidfree night a few of the bombs buzzed over in the early daylight hours but this flurry was followed by another quiet spell One of the bombs which smashed a house and killed an occupant this morning came in in a long slow and silent glide Witnesses de scribed it as almost like a feath er Ordinarily the robots roar over and drop in a steep dive as soon as the engine stops but in this case the motive power ap parently stopped some distance States ail months was decreasing m strength in France He said the nazi force had lost more planes than the Germans could produce every month since January The exact German air strength in Germany itself is not known definitely but the current opposi tion over the reich is not com parable to the interception strength as recently as January The strategic United States air forces being hurled against the Germans are the 8th in Britain he 15th in Italy and the eastern command in Russia Losses of hese forces dropped to 14 per cent of the sorties flown in June rom the previous peak average of 5 per cent 15 persons injuring and burning many others and de stroying 20 trailers The bodies of 8 adults and 3 children were extricated from the ruins and 4persons including 2 atThospitals or bunisT Rescue ham pered by an electrical storm which broke immediately after the crash The identified dead inchmded Lt Philip Kussell of South Port land Edward Alfred Gerrish of Orono and a child George Rob ertson who died at a hospital The Maine general hospital at Portland reported that 22 persons had been admitted there and that several were in critical condition The accident occurred at the Westbrook trailer colony across the street from Redbank village a government housing project built for workers the New England Shipbuilding corporation Redbank village escaped the flames Witnesses said the plane ap peared to be trying to make an DEMAND REDS QUOTA ANSWER Money Parley Awaits Word From Moscow Bretton Woods N H American delegation to the unitec nations monetary conference ha served a virtual ultimatum on so viet union representatives Demand ing a final answer on the aHim Conversations Held Which May Lead to Turks Joining War Ankara July JpjConversations are afoot here which may lead to Turkish par p emergency landing It circled the trailer camp twice losing altitude on the second round and finally crashing into one of the trailers trapping the occupants as it burst into flames The blaze spread rap portant question of quotas to proposed multibillion dollar cur rency stabilization fund This was learned Wednesday from an unimpeachable conference source who added that the Rus sian group indicated a reply from Moscow might be expected by nightfall He said he was quite hopeful the answer would be fa vorable Russia is known to be seeking a quota larger than originally assigned to her in a tentative draft of the stabilization fund proposal and at the same time to be demanding credit lor her wardevastated areas The credit would be in the form of a gold contribution smaller than that required of other nations The United States delegation re ticipation in the war before the end ot the summer The talks are between repre sentatives Turkey Russia and Britain These conferences ot the soviet and British ambassadors and Tur kish leaders principally Premier Sukru Saracoglu have been taken up at the point where the Cairo conferences last year left Turkeys position within the united nations undefined They must first surmount the bitterness created by allied charges that Turkey failed to keep her word and the Turkish counter that the allies failed completely to equip Turkey for war as had been promised Actual military talks can begin there KNOCK BIG NEW HOLES IN NAZIS SAGGING LINES Highest State of Alarm Reported by East Prussia Germans By EDDIE GILMORE Moscow red army knocking large new holes in the already sagging German lines surged westward Wednesday from a point less than 49 miles east the East Prussian border at a jace which it continued would xirry the righting to German soil y the end o the week The German communique laced the advancing Soviets vest ot Alytus in Lithuania SI liles from East Prussia 33 miles outh or Kaunas and within 27 niles oC the strategic EastPrus iaRiga railway over which 2 lazi armies in the Baltic must be Describes How Reds Could Turn Defeat Into Big Victory Moscow inside siory of the great secret arsenal and granary beyond the Ural moun tains which enabled the red army loturn retreat into victory after Germany had overrun rich areas of western Russia has been ob tained by Harrison Salisbury of the United Press in a 2week GQOO mile tour of soviet territory which has not been visited by any foreign reporter for many years TURN TO PAGE 3 TO READ THE FIRST OF THESE RE VEALING ARTICLES Ivan Cherniakhovskys and tanks drove the idly Screams of women and children trapped in the mingled with the rumble of thunder and point meanwhile w e 1 In 6 months the U S strategic air forces have hit 51 oil refiner ies 13 synthetic plants and 89 air craft factories in attacks from Britain and Italy and recently from Russia The forces have destroyed 6109 German planes in the air and 1546 on the ground since Janu ary This German Joss of 7655 planes compares to American losses of 3425 Of these 2339 were 4engined bombers and 1085 were fighters The senior officer disclosed thai recent industrial targets included plants working on jetengine pro pulsion which is used in the rob ots bombarding London He said the United States Bri tain and Russia were in agree ment on priorities regarding the different types of targets and added There will be additional at tacks on the German fighte crackle of lightning as rescue workers risked their lives in an effort to free the victims Firemen summoned from Port land South Portland and West brook fought the flames as they spread through the colony Maj William Cloney of the firs ervicc command said the plane lad left Barksdale Field La car J Dies After Leap From 12th Floor of Building New York R Morris 43 far eastern manager of the United Press died in Bellevue hos pital at p m Wednesday after plunging from a window on the 12th floor of the Daily News build ing where the U P has its world headquarters corned the news that the govern ment had reopened 4 prohibited coastal areas in southwest Eng land to assist in evacuation of ci vilians from sectors which have been targets of the flying bombs Oelwein Man Is Found Dead in Calcium Hopper Oelnein Tues day discovered the body of James G Maynard 57 in a large hopper of calcium at the Oelwein Chemi c31 company where he was em ployed Maynard who died of suf focation apparently tried to loosen the powdered chemical in the hopper and it all dislodged bury ing him plant officials said ortcdly agreed to hike the Rus lan quota figure to 51200000000 vith the understanding that she ut up onefourth of that amount n gold or 10 per cent of her gold loldings whichever was the small r or she could accept the smaller quota and thereby reduce her gold ontribution proportionately under he formula that would apply to all participants The Russians it was reported lave taken the stand that they had obtained preconference promises from the Americans tor the special war credits but this was said to have been the result of a misun derstanding possibly because 0 language difficulties Madrid Dispatch Says Nazis Made 6 Efforts for Negotiated Peace London Madrid dispatch o the London News Chonicle Wednesday said it was reported n the Spanish capital that Ger many has made at least 6 at tempts to gain a negotiated peace since last one shortly before Hitlers never ca pitulate speech last week The News Chronicle said it was re ported the first was tried in Feb ruary when Gen Baron Alexander von FalkenhaiiEcn tlew to Lisbon the next after the fall of Rome and 4 since the invasion of Nor mandy supplied in part Retreats along the whole central front were re ported by Berlin The surrounded Wilno garrison was being supplied by air Gen spearhead toward East Prussia in a 20mile advance where the spit of the province known as the Swalki Triangle sticks out north of Grodno General advances along the en tire 350mile front between Lat via and the Pripet marshes swept hrough more lhan 400 places Tuesday kiling at least 4000 German soldiers and bringing about the capture of hundreds more The new forward sweeps placed the red army actually within striking distances of Kaunas 4o miles away Grodno 56 Bialystok 51 and Daugavpils less than 18 Military observers in Moscow saw a direct threat to Bialystok and Grodno in the strong central blow Pinsk at the edge of the Pripet marches to the south already was lost tactically to the nazis al though resistance continued there As the Russians sped onward the German Radio Commentator Kurt Dittmar Tuesday night gravely warned the German peo ple that the supreme test now has come since the distance be tween us and the battlefield has almost vanished The office of war information quoted the Stockholm newspaper Alton Tidningcn as reporting the plane industry whenever needed He said the big 2way drive against German airplane factories between Feb 2025 was so effec tive that the nazis could not re cover from it and made possi ble the invasion without German air force opposition y Tuesday on a routine flight H aid it had stopped at Bradley ield in Windsor Locks Conn fo uel only a few hours before th crash Terrifying Scene Is Described Southportland Me dertaker George Henry said Wed nesday the most horrifying sight of his life was 2 3 and 4 year old children running around with their clothing burned oft in the wreckage of a war workers trailer camp struck by a crashing army plane Henry said a dozen hysterical tots were running around scream ing with was an inferno the most pitiful sight I have ever seen Henry helped to extricate bodies and send wounded to hos It was understood that either i Premier Stalin or Foreign MinisI ter Molotov would have to make j the final decision Russian Troops 435 Miles From Berlin By UNITED PRESS The distance to Berlin from the advance allied battle lines nesday miles miles miles Nazi Headquarters in Bavaria Hints Total Retreat From Italy Zurich Switzerland Germans have installed a new general headquarters in Bavaria wtih indications they invision an early and total retreat from Italy according to a report current here Wednesday pitals as a violent thunderstorm added to the confusion although extinguishing the flames Women and children were among those trapped inside 20 trailers wrecked or burned when the small army plane struck Bodies of 8 adults and 3 chil dren were found in the wreck age while 2 other adults and 3 children died in hospitals Henry said he could never for get how those kids were burned He said they were screaming for their mothers and fathers We got as many of them as we could find into a police wagon and sent them to the hospital Most of them were out of their heads with pain Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Wednesday and Thursday Slightly cooler Wed nesday night Iowa Fair Wednesday night and Thursday slightly cooler Wed nesday night and warmer Thursday gentle to moderate winds Minnesota Fair Wednesday night and Thursday continued cool Wednesday night w ar m e r Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 75 Minimum Tuesday night 56 At m Wednesday 62 Rain 13 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum tm 64 RUSSIANS ENTER locate red army advances including a thrust into prewar Lithuania to capture Utena Other Russian troops encircled Wilno and to the south captured Slonim and Luninicc ;