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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, July 12, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 12, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPARTUENT OF HISTORY AKO ARCHIVES OES MOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS PULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 12 1943 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 236 CAPTURE 10 MAJOR SICILIAN PORTS Allies Race Toward Catania in Quick Push on Eastern Coast Claim Germans Stopped SOVIET TROOPS ABSORB HEAVY NAZI ASSAULTS Kursk Sector Blazes as Invaders Attempt to Russian Lines 3000 Attend Hamilton Story Picnic MOSCOW The battle of the Belgorod breach continued with undiminished fury Monday iwith the Russians insisting that they have effectively prevented German tanks from enlarging the Wedge they drove into the red army lines five days ago Field Marshal Gueuther Von Kluses armored columns were also smashing with fresh em phasis on the OrelKursk end of the Kursk salient but here too the Russians claim they were absorbing the best that the nazis could The Kursk sector blazed into more furious action as the second week of the German offensive fiegan but it was not yet clear whether Von Kluge has shifted the main weight of his attack from Belgorod in a possible search for an easier spot to breach the un Russian lines Germain commuiuque broad cast recorded by the Associated Press said an important Russian force had been encircled and wiped out between Orel and Belgorod Several thou sand prisoners were taken the communique said and 129 red tanks were destroyed Numerous guns and other war material were captured The communique claimed a total of 220 Russian tanks and 70 airplanes were destroyed on Ihis sector and added that red army losses since July 5 totalled 28000 prisoners 1640 tanks and 1400 funs destroyed In any event the Russians de clared that the Germans were lighting in general on much the same ground as when they began their offensive which has cost them 2500 tanks and 1068 planes in a single week There are few details available on the present situation in the Belgorod breach at the southern end of the 2QOmile central front but the Russians have reported that they repelled a nazi attack by more than 100 tanks including the new 60ton tigers Red army ar tillery and aviation protecting the red infantry destroyed 34 tanks and dispersed the remainder the Russians said i Altogether the Russians sny they i have repelled 10 German attempts to advance on the Belgorod sector While still working hard to 1reak through in Ihe Belgorod area the Germans attacked strongly in the OrelKursk sec tor at the northern end of the Kursk salient tlp to 400 tanks and a large force of infantry attacked on one narrow sector The Russians re ported many tanks destroyed anc more than 2000 men killed A anoUier position on this fron soviet aviation broke up a Gei man attack before it could ge under way and the soviet infantr followed up in a counter atlaci which dislodged the enemy fron two settlements Soviet tanks following the fa vorite tactics of digging themselve into the ground and fighting from ambush accounted for a large number of 162 tanks which the Germans were said to have lost Sunday The nazi airforce lost only 31 planes Sunday the small est number since the offensive began BLUE EARTH crowd estimated at 3000 gathered at the Taribault county fairgrounds here Sunday for the twentythird an nual HamiltonStory picnic The tucleus of this association con sists of former residents of Ham ilton and Story counties in Iowa out their ranks have been greaKy swelled by others of Norwegian ancestry in southern Minnesota and northern Iowa S u n d a ys program opened with a religious service con ducted in the commodious am phitheater with the Rev Alvin N Kogness of Trinity Lutheran church Mason City preaching the sermon Music for the serv ice was by the Blue Earth Trinity choir under the direc tion of Elmer Velson and with Mrs O C Christiansen at the Piano After the picnic dinner on the freshly cropped lawn of the grounds the crowd filled the am jlutheater again for an afternoon jrogram climaxed by an address jy Anders Fjelstad commissioner of agriculture for the government of Norway Our people he said have nexer been so united and unified as they are today SHAKEUP MADE IN INSPECTIONS AT AIR PLANT Much of liis talk was given o vet to ai recoiinUngT ot the progress made by his country in the past 40 years in governmentin eco nomics and in social procedures At the conclusion R M Hall of Cerro Gordo county chairman of the organization asked Sir Fjelstad to transmit greetings from the assembled body to their kinsmen and friends in Norway Other items on the afternoon program were an address of wel come by Mayor Rector Putnam of Patterson Confirms Part of Charges by Truman Committee WASHINGTON Under secretary of War Patterson said Monday that the situation at the Lockland Ohio plant of the Wright Aeronautical Corporation charged by the Truman committee with supplying defective aricraft engines to the army have been much less sensational than some oC tile inferences drawn in recently published statements Patterson said however that the armys own investigation headed by LI Gen William S Knudsen found a falling off in inspection procedures at the plant and confirmed the great er part of the information fur nished by the Truman commit tee Vigorous remedial action was taken immediately Pattersons statement said including changes in the companys personnel and methods lengthening the engine test runsat the plant andremoval of the armys resident fepfeserita tive at the plant as well as the officer in charge of the inspection section at Wright field Ohio and a substantial increase of army inspection personnel The undersecretary said that the Truman committee Ihrce months ago turned over to the war de partment its finding on Uic Lock land plant and the air forces im mediately assembled its own in vestigation board headed by Knudsen TYPICAL SICILIAN is a view typical of Sicilys shoreline showing the eliffs which protect most of the northern and eastern shores Allied troops stormed on to Sicily in what was termed the opening of the battle of Europe Hitlers Fortress of Europe on Alert for Allied Thrusts Mounting Tension m1 ItalyIs Indicated in Axis Reports Icrlin Reports 7 Allied Divisions Already in Sicily Blue Earth a talk on South Ameri can agriculture by W Earl Hall GlobeGazette rianaging editor community singing led by Ray Cunningham Iowa State college V M C A secretary with Joe El ott at the piano a group tenor olos by Walter Olander of Minne polis and music by the Blue Earth ommunity band uf Ihe asaucihiion were ontinued in office Jor another These include R at Hall president M O Madison Blue Sarth secretary and O E Ander on Blue Earth treasurer No instance however w a s found where any engines known to be defective were ever placed in service Patterson said add ing that failures in engines from the Lockland plant have not ex ceeded normal experience with engines in combat planes The Truman committee turned Monday from its sweeping review of military aviation to two partic ular problems The reduction of Pilots Amazed to See UL S Trucks Speeding Far Inland in Sicily AN ADVANCED ALLIED AIR RASE IN NORTH AFRICA A convoy ot American trucks drove so far inland in Sicily that American fighter pilots almost strafed them thinking they were Italians the returning pilots said I Monday First Lt Robert E Glendinning of Maplewoorf N J said he was to find our forces at that I saw a line of trucks speeding miles inland from the coast We bore down on them thinking they were fleeing Italians We saw those big white stars on the truck tops just in time I was amazed to see the allies make such head way so soon after heir landing They were going along the road like a bat out of hell I even saw some jeeps and they seemed to be in a big hurry too 2 Killed as Planes Collide Near Omaha OMAHA collision of two Omaha training planes in the air near Honey Creek Iowa Monday killed Walter Burris 23 Gretna Ncbr a veteran instructor and a student air cadet enrolled in Iho war training service program at Creighlon university The Burris ship practicing flying turns struck a plane piloted by Robert Frank ebergcr 24 Omaha who was un hurt American 7th and British 8th Are Forces in Sicily LONDON Correspond ents dispatches from North Afri ca Monday identified the main forces invading Sicily as the American seventh army and the British eighth armies The American seventh com manded by Lt Gen George S Patton Jr was believed made up largely of the troops previously known as the U S second army corps which fought in Tunisia plus some armor and infantry and airborne divisions The famous British eighth army commanded by Sir Bernard L Montgomery was be lieved to have been considerably reshuffled with many new units added and several older ones standing by in reserve military plane crashes and the guaranteeing that American planes have postwar landing rights on fields built abroad with United States funds Chairman Truman DMo and other members of the sen ate group investigating the program said a report would be forthcoming on plane crashes because the committee is con cerned about the large number of such casualties particularly in noncombat operational flights in this country Two other members of the com mittee Senators iMeacl DM Y and Brewster who will accompany three other senators on an aerial tour ot world battle fronts this summer have been in structed to investigate reports that hundreds of airports built on for eign soil with American money will be turned over to the coun tries where they ore situated siy months after the war Mead and Brewslcr will look into terms of the contracts cov ering construction of the mililary airports Meanwhile it was learned that Ihe committee has turned over to the justice department the evidence on which it based Us sensational overall report of the aviation industry A member of the cMnmittee disclosed that the department has appointed a special liaison man o work with the senate investigators The committees report charged that the Wright Aeronautical cor poration at Lockland Ohio deliv ered defective and substandard airplane engines to the army and navy for use in combat craft Some of them even leaked gaso line the committee declared and more than 25 per cent of the en gines built at Lockland failed in one or move major parts during threehour test runs G W Vaughan president ot Curtiss Wright corporation o f which Wright Aeronautical is a wholly owned subsidiary promptly labeled the committees charges false and unwarranted BERN entire fortress of Europe was on the aldtt Mon day new thrusts as axis leaders in Ger many and Italy anxiously watched the progress of the battle tor the Mediterranean island of Sicily Dispatches reaching here Mon day from Berlin and Rome con ceded that the allies had estab lished at least four bridgeheads in Sicily and looked ahead glumly to a day not far distant when they expect invasion barges to grate upon other shores along the Mediterranean Of the axis capitals Ber lin took the news of the inva sion more calmly pointing out that it had long been expected and declaring the advance al lied parachutists and airborne units had been annihilated or surrounded and captured Axis sources gave few details how ever on the progress of the fighting in Sicily There was movmting tension if Rome and on the mainland o Italy One dispatch from Milan saic that Premier Mussolini and Ki Vittorio Emanuelc had made point ot being seen publiciy Rome where the atmosphere heavy and private sources vealed that Mussolini had prc sided over a cabinet rrccUn Sunday1 It was also reported that ther had been further exjmisions the fascist party in an effort I bolster crumbling morale Italian newspapers were cnlistc in a campaign to whip up en thusiasm for the fighting ahcno The London Daily Mail re ported that Mussolini had ap pealed to the king to address the tulian people in an effort to case the tension which followed eports of the Sicilian invasion f London advices also said that lany arrests had occurred in aples Where AlfrediCuccp ecreia roadcast an appeal to Sicilians nci Italians It was said that larp measures were to be used suppress rumors speculation ldefeatism1 Another factor which appeared weigh heavily in depressing Ihe Uxlian state of mind as the crisis fmroachcd was a steadily ning food problem brought aboil y the relentless allied air attacks n JtaJiiin railroads II Cionialc Dllalia pointed ou tiat for more than a monU unericaii and British air forces avc concentrated on railway ines in both Sicily and Sardini on the mainland There wa jo indication of how many train had been smashed but the news aper said 182 trainmen liav ecn killed and other wounded The Courricr De Geneve sai here seemed to be no luck fruit and vegetables in the pro ducing areas of Italy but that be eause of the serious transpoi difficulty there was no way I get it from the farms to the met ropolitii areas The Germans also were wt aware tiint on the tnmsporlalio situation might well lunge the fa of the axis A Berlin dispatch the Neue Zucrchcr Zeiiung quoted nazi military circles as being confident of the axis troops ability lo confront the allied for ces provided they normal fa cilities for supply lines LONDON Berlin ra io declared Monday Hint a total f seven British American and auadian divisions already had jndcd in Sicily Giving this fig re ui a broadcast recorded by the ninistry of information Capt udwig Sertorius Transpcean comment Hat General Eisenhower un oubledly if he desires toublc the forces already landed Yanks Crush Heaviest of CounterAttacks Then Advance North ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA AP Sir Bematd L Montgomerys British armies raced toward Catania from captured Syracuse in a tremendous push up Sicilys cast coast Monday after American and allied forces had captured nine other important ports and towns turned back seven counterattacks by enemy tanks and captured 2000 prisoners mostly Italians Leading the western crescent of the allied attack Amer icans under Lt Gen George S Patlon Jr crushed the heaviest of the enemy armored counterattacks in the LicataGela area some SO miles west of Syracuse and ad vanced northward of Gela Heading units of his famous British eighth army which fought in epic battles from El Alamein Egypt across North Africa General Montgomery plunged toward Messina and the strategic straits some 80 miles northward after securing firmly the advantageous port PattonHead of Yanks in Sicilian Drive LEGION BUKNS MORTGAGE DKS MOINES fil Members 1 ihe Highland Park American egion post burned a 53500 nortgage in a public ceremony Sunday lo celebrate the lilting of he debt on their ctubrooms pur Miased for 56500 in 193R Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier tmy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued warm Monday altcmron M o n d a y night and Tuesday forenoon IOWA Continued warm Monday night and Tuesday forenoon M 1 N N E S O T A Thimdershow crs and somewhat cooler north and central portions Monday night and Tuesday forenoon continued warm extreme south portions winds occasionally 25 io 30 miles per hour Monday afternoon IN MASON CITY weather statistics Maximum Sunday 8B Minimum Sunday night fi1 At S a in Monday 71 YEAH AGO Maximum Minimum Tht figures lor Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a in Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum VALLETTA Malta IT Lt Gen George S Patton Jr is commanding United States forces in Sicily while Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery is commander iu chief of the British forces an of ficial statement said Monday The lull list of VseniOr officers commanding the present com bined operation in the Mediter ranean under General Dwight D Eisenhower follows Commander in chief or the Sir An drew Browne Cunningham Naval commander Admiral Sir Bartram Ramsay Deputy commander in chief allied Sir Harold Alexander Commander in chief British Sir Bernard L Montgomery Air commander in cliiff Medi terranean air command Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder Commander United States nav al Admiral Henry K Hewitt Commanding general Ameri can Gen George S Patton Jr Commanding general norlh wesl African air Gen Carl A Spaniz Commanding African tactical air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham Commanding northwest African air Gen James U DoolilUc Air officer commanding north west African coastal air Air Vice Marshal Sir Hugh I Lloyd and potential springboard foe invasion of the Italian main land Not only was the allied bridge head completely secured but all Ihe conditions appeared favorable for a real lightning campaign for Sicily Licala 80 miles lo the west on the south coast Gela Pachino on Cape Passero at the extreme southeastern tip of the island Avolo and Note midway between Syracuse and Pachino Poizallo site of an important air bane OO the south coast Scoglitti and Rosolini were among the captured places listed in Mon days allied headquarters com CiEOKGK S PATTON Americans 8 Killed as Bomber Crashes in Wyoming CASPER Wyo A four motored bomber from the Carpel army air base crashed and burned east ol the Teapot Dome naval station Monday killing all eight members of the crew the public relations office at the air base said All eight bodies have been recovered The names of the crew are being withheld penning iden tification and notification of the nevt of kin Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaxetle carrier American troops in the Gela area beat off counterattacks by the Italians fourth Livorno divi sion and 45 tanks in Ihe heaviest of all the seven enemy countei lows The 54th Napoli division was riven ouV of Syracuse by the lightning blow at the nd of the second day of the al ed invasion which appeared to e a serious handicap to the ene my in bringing up reinforcements meet a rapidly swelling pene ration into the interior of the is and The civilian population seemed nore pleased to see us than they ind been to sec the Huns said one observer The sivilt occupation of the string of ports and towns along a 100 miles stretch of Sicilys southeastern coast was accom panied by a furious air action Sunday in which fleets ot fast new American A3S fighterbombers smashed nl least 400 enemy ve hicles endeavoring to rush up troops and supplies for counter attacks and Heavy blows by four engiried and medium bombers at Catania on the cast coast the Sicilian airdromes of Milo Sciac cn and Gcrbini and two other nirdromcs nt and near Reggio Calabria on the Italian main land Flames from Catanias rail way yards Bare off smoke visi ble for 140 miles at sea after a flyinff fortress formation roared homeward leaving Ores ragins in oil storage dumps With the Italian fleet still noticeable by its absence allied naval forces continued large scale operations of putting ashore more and more allied troops and equipment although the allied communique said the enemys air opposition was increasing Swarms ot allied fighters pa trolled the beaches protecting the operations however and 45 enemy aircraft were shot dosvn Sunday Only nine allied planes were lost Casualties among the allies conUnucd much less than might normally be expected in such a sweeping offensive it was said at allied headquarters and a number of hospital ships were still waiting in reserve One allied hospital ship which was fully lighted and anchored three miles off the Sicilian coast was sunk Sat urday nighl by enemy bombers but Ihe wounded were suc cessfully transferred As a result of the swiftness rt allied action it was said at head quarters that the enemy was be ing compelled lo regroup his forces and most of his counter attacks up to now had been com paratively weak Most of the Italians especial ly were reported lighting poorly ;