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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 10, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY Alift ARCHIVES 5 KOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press Pull Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 10 1915 This Paper Consists of Two NO 235 1000 PLANES HIT JAPAN INSIDE WASHINGTON Predicts Ickes to Remain As Secretary of Interior By Central Press Capital Staff Look for Honest Harold Ickes to stay in the Tru man cabinet as secretary of the interior or at least to be the last to have his resignation accepted with regret Former senate pals of President Truman who disclaim any inside Information forecast that Ickes and Secretary of the Navy James V Forrestal are the best bets to come through the current cabinet shakeups They point out that Ickes rep utation as a selfstyled curmud geon comes largely1 from his lik ing freeforall battling with bombastic invective which he is a master He is a useful political tool who does an efficient admin istrative job as well a political ally riot worth while converting into an enemy President Trumans carefree way of mingling with the people and dining out is giving secret service operatives work aplenty In olden times the president dined away from the white house it was big news Past presidents seldom left the executive mansion for brief respites among intimates except of course when they made set tours of the country Not so with Harry Truman He pops out of the white house fre quently on unannounced dinner engagements with a group of cronies usually former colleagues In the senate He dashes about Washington asthough he were still plain Harry Truman haber dasher from Missouri His intimates call him Truman the Human At a recent dinner awaytrironi the white house at tttideflby the president the group songs and Harry Tnunah joined with gusto One of the group was heard to say You may be president of the United States but you are still Harry to us As vice president Mr Trumans v nearest rival in recent history as a partygoer was the late Vice President Charles Curtis of Kan sas Kansas it will be noted is next to Missouri on the map The revolt in congress against the office of price administration is causing many members to pre dict that the country will experi ence a postwar inflation of con siderable proportions They recall that the inflation of World War I which fonnd many mnch higher than they are today occurred for the most part after the 1918 armistice They point out thai the basic inflation ary pressures to flay are many times as powerful as they were at the close of World War I As a result the potential inflation to day is many times as explosive The bitter fight against the OPA in the opinion of these members indicates among other things an impatience to throw off wartime controls and allow prices rents arid wages to find their own lev els They believe that the OPA and the entire stabilization setup may be abolished next year Some members of congress are saying privately that inflation is inevitable Others portray the horrors of runaway prices in vivid terms and insist that controls must be maintained until the country passes through the recon NAZI PRISONERS DIEONGALLOWS FORKILLINGPAL Leavenworth Hangings Mark 1st Executions of POWs in United States Fort teavenworth Kans UR German prisoners of war whose nazi zeal led them to mur der a fellow soldier in an Okla homa internment camp were hanged at the disciplinary bar racks early Tuesday in an his toric application of XI S military justice It was the first time that an en emy war prisoner had been ex ecuted in the United States The doomed men former mem bers of Rommels Afrika Korps displayed the stolidity and iron discipline for which that unit wa known as they were marched to gallows set up in an elevator shaft Seven reporters with war de partment permission witnessec the executions The German prisoners of wa Beyer Berthold Seidel Hans Demrae Bans Schomer am WiJH found guilt by a U S army court martial a Camp Gruber Okla last year o murdering Johannes Kunze German prisoner whose nazi spir it showed signs of lagging From the 32 year old Beyer t the 22 year old childlike Schol the condemned looked any thin but supermen They did how ever maintain strict militar bearing as they were marche into the execution hall and hear Col Williarn S Eley read war de partment orders that they mu die Then with black hoods ad justed they were led by militar policemen to the gallows Each woreone or more pieces of his Afrika korps uniform but the dress varied Beyer was the first to drop through the trap door The others followed at approximately 30 min ute intervals The trapdoor was Grew Denies Japs Made eace Offers Reiterates Unconditional Surrender Washington Secretary of State Joseph C Grew enying that Japan has offered to surrender said Tuesday that the nemyis attempting to split the allies by provoking public discus on of Pacific surrender terms He denied for the 3rd time ecent weeks that Japan has made I onditional surrender offers ei ler through official or unofficial hannels But in a surprise statement varning against a relaxation of le allies unconditional surrender emand Grew acknowledged that many alleged peace feelers on he part of the Japanese have een reported to this government trough indirect channels Itemizing some of these feel Grew said they were fa miliar weapons of psychological varfare being tossed into the battle now that the enemys mil tary position is deteriorating and he plight of Japanese civilians is becoming more critical He said conversations relating o peace have been reported to he state department from various parts of the world But he emphasized in no case has an approach been made o this government directly or in directly by a person who could establish his authority to speak the Japanese government and in no case has an offer of surren der been made In no case has this govemmenl been presented with a statement purporting to define the basis upon which the Japanese govern ment would be prepared to con clude peace Grew cited one occasion when leading Japanese industrialists he emphasized the quota tion marks around this were reported as eager to know the best possible conditions th allies7 would advance for a com promise peace At another time thestatemen said a neutral governments rep resentative in Tokyo reported tha he had been told by a privat Japanese individual that th Japanese could not accept uncon ditional surrender because would mean loss df face version period Meanwhile the OPA with too many unpopular jobs is the butt of public resentment against government control of the nations business life Burly spokesmen for the glass workers union adopted a belliger ent attitude about the strike of 16000 of their workers employed by the Pittsburgh Plate Glass and LibbyOwensFord companies sprung for Scholz last of the five at a m Beyer palefaced and thin was described by the army as the ringleader of the group which killed Kunze at a Tonkawa Okla branch POW camp on Nov 4 1943 In wellmodulated German Beyer protested when asked for a last statement that I cannot see why this should be done to me Beyers army rank was the equivalent of a first sergeant in the U S army He was the senior noncommissioned officer and the company leader among prisoners of the compound in which Kunze was killed Wearing his field jacket and green army trousers complete to leggings Beyer was dressed more nearly in full German military garb than any of the others Chaplain John Sagar formerly of All Saints Episcopal church Buffalo N Y walked to the gal lows with all except Schomer a Catholic who was accompanied by Chaplain George Towle of To peka Kans At a briefing prior to the execu tions Co Eley and Lt Col Rob ert W Reed pnblic relations of ficer of the 7th service command emphasized that the Germans had been given every advantage re view and appeal permitted under the Geneva convention covering treatment of prisoners of war The slaying of Kunze occurred after another prisoner at the Ton kawa camp found a memorandum allegedly written by Kunze which Beyer considered traitorous Beyer ordered all prisoners in the com Thc strike which began Juneipany for which he was leader to 21 had tied up production of glass assemble in the mess ha of the canopies1 for the United States compound at 10 p m on Nov 4 Arrest Woman in Connection With Loss of 6DayOld Baby Marion Ohio arres was made Tuesday in the disap pearance 6dayold Jean Eilee Creviston and it was reported t involve a woman who claimed sh just had given birth to a baby Physicians were called to con duct an examination that woul show whether the womans stor was true Police Chief William E Mark made no official announcemen but there were smiles on the face of his officers as they left heac quarters to serve papers at an un announced destination They plainly indicated they bi lievcd the baby daughter of a force gunner John L Crevisto and a Marion society matron wa safe Division VIen Unlikely o Go West Washington Towans the 34th division wont see Pa fic service Rep Martin R said Tuesday Martin who recently returned a month in Europe with nembers of the house military af airs committee made a special ip to visit the famed division Mch lias been overseas since arly in 1942 Composed largely of Iowa and linnesota men the 34th has been n combat almost continuously nee the invasion of north Africa is now stationed near Turin taly Martin said Many lowans already have been otated home the congressman old a reporter and those who are till there are high point men who vill be sent home as soon as they an be replaced If the 34th goes to the Pacific le added I dont think those ongservice Iowa boys will be n it Martin said athletic equipment s one of the greatest needs of the 2000000 men redeploy nent Although university courses lave been established and recre ational programs stepped up the ask of helping the soldiers pass he time is gigantic he said War at a By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Pacific wars greatest aerial blows were dealt Japan Tuesday by more than 1 000 carrier planes making re peated sorties 550 Superfortresses and an undisclosed number of Okinawa and Iwobased bombers and fighterbombers BORNE u t c h colonial troops made 2 amphibious land ings in Balikpapan bay meeting small arms fire opposition CHINA Chinese captured Tayu in heart of Wolfram min ing region in Kiangsi province 175 miles northeast of Canton enemyheld vil lages were captured in the Irra waddy valley northeast of Ran goon by British troops JAPANS LAST BORNEO HOLD UNDER SIEGE Dutch Make Landings at Balikpapan Bay as Aussies Advance Manila last grip on Borneos vital oil was theat ened Tuesday as Gen Douglas MacArthur announced Dutch am phibious forces had made 2 new landings on the north shore of Balikpapan bay while Australian troops were wiping out trapped defenders of the great Pandansari refineries The Dutch fighters landed on Teloktebang and Kariango penin sulas completing encirclement of the lower Balikpapan bay on its eastern western and northern shores They were opposed by deter mined Japanese small arms fire from the shore and from the decks of enemy river craft Reports reaching here indicated the 7th Australian division holds a good portion and possibly all of the Pandansari refinery An Australian army announcement broadcast by Melbourne radio said that 7th division troops have ad vanced through swampy country behind the Soember river estuary and have captured the village of Soember effectively cutting off the Japanese in the refinery area where the enemy was being wiped out Japanese farces continued bat tling desperately in the Manggar area with Japs setting up road blocks of Mating 44 gallon oil drums in an effort to half ad Aussie mechanized equip ment Australian units which landed in the Penajam area beat off a Japanese counterattack one mile north of the Sesoempoe river while patrols moving north from Penajam captured an enemy dump containing 500 pound bombs Over 50 heavy and medium bombers and fighters supported operations in east Borneo More than 100 B25 Mitchells and B24 Liberators of the 5th airforce hit Matguyama and Taihoku airfields in north Formosa and Rokko air field in westcentral Formosa These planes also attacked an alcohol plant at Kazan in south west Formosa EYEWITNESS REPORT By RICHARD W JOHNSTON United Press With Admiral Halseys 3rd Fleet Off Tokyo Halsey caught the Japanese flatfooted again It was a perfect summer day until the mightiest naval striking force in history emerged from the sunlit seas at the gates Tokyo and spoil it for the Japanese Admiral William F Halsey sent in a thousand planes o give the Japanese a taste of hell I have been watching from the bridge of this ship the swift Cor sairs and Hellcats returning to their carriers from their early sweeps They had been cruising almost within shopping distance of the Ginza Tokyos 5th Avenue They reported a sharp wind but no air borne opposition and only the lightest flak The targets for Tuesday are the airfields surrounding Metropolitan belt of more than 70 airdromes ranged over 2100 miles of the Japanese capitals encircling plane The Japanese were caught again wjtli their planes down as in last Februarys carrier raid Monday night as we steamed toward the target the chaplain of this mighty battleship prayed for good veather His prayer had been heeded Planes are strafing airstrips destroying enemy aircraft and look ing for the Japanese in the air So far they have not found the latter Halseys return to the Empire actually marks his first real as sault on Honshu since 1942 when he sent Jimmy Doolittles flyers soaring over the Jap capital from the decks the old Hornet Halsey has left his calling cards over Kyushu in the past months but this time he is writing his name in boldface type Carrier forces are under the command of Vice Adm John S Mc Cain who formed a team with Halsey on last falls famous Philippines sweeps The Japs have known the whereabouts of the 3rd fleet but patently did not expect Halsey to come up from the sea where he did Tuesday Radio Tokyo broadcast Tuesday Five hundred enemy carrier planes attacked the Kanto district in 3 waves Flak and fighter oppo sition already have scored sizeable results That isnt the way we NAVY SMASHES TOKYO AREA IN 8HOUR ATTACK Huge Assault Force Bombards Coast Japs Offer No Resistance Guam UPJ More than 1100 American army and navy planes backed by the greatest naval ar mada afloat were still smashing at Tokyo and a broad stretch of the Japanese coast late Tuesday after 8 hours sustained bom bardment that literally smothered the enemy defenses Standing perhaps 200 miles off Tokyo bay throughout the assault were scores of American carriers battleships cruisers anfl the lesser craft of ViccAdmiral John S Mc Cains task force fighting spearhead of Admiral William F Bull Halseys U S 3rd fleet Tokyo said the American Ileet located southeast of the capi tal and that it included 30 aircraft carriers They broke radio silence con tinually in a bold challenge to the remnants of Japans air and sea forces to come out and fight But fleet dispatches said that thus far lot a single enemy plane or ship heard it A new group McCains planes are taking oil now to cor rect the error The bull has come the emperor had better lock his stable door before that famous white horse is stolen Nazi Sub in Argentina Buenos Aires au thorities were informed that a German submarine entered the Atlantic port of Mar Del Plata Argentine submarine base about 6 a m central war time Tues day Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Only U S Battle Casualty With Parts of Both Arms Legs Gone Looks to Future Battle Creek Mich first and thus far the only battle casualty of this war who has lost parts both arms and legs is now a patient at Percy Jones General hospital here He is Master Sgt Fredric sel Of Corbin Ky who had both legs above the knees and his left arm above the elbow blown off on Okinawa June 2 when he warplanes At a war labor board hearing union officials received a suave dressingdown from war labor board Vice Chairman Lloyd Gar rison Garrison has promised that the matters at issue would be thrashed out at another hearing July 10 J aps Will Be Licked by Next Summer Admiral Says Flatly San Francisco will be beaten by next summer at merely is a question of whether they want to be com pletely smashed or quite before their country is entirely destroyed the opinion of Vice Adm Dan 1943 At that meeting Kunze was found guilty of treason to the third reich and was beaten to death Court martial testimony given at Camp Gruber Okla showed that besides the fists of many of the 200 Germans in the company Kunze was beaten with a milk bottle and heavy china drinking cups The verdicts ofi death for the 5 were approved by the war depart ment and the late President Roosevelt 5tr Roosevelt affirmed the court martial verdict on Oct 5 1944 The war department approved the verdicts for the last time on July days Col Eley notified the men Sunday night of the official execution date Buy your War Bonds and Italy to Be Invited Into UnitedNations Washington IP The house foreign affairs committee voted Tuesday to authorize the presi dent to invite Italy into the unit ed nations The former axis partner is now treated diplomatically as a co belligerent which holds it short of full ally status The committee approved this resolution sponsored by Rep Mar cantonio ALN That the president of the Unit ed Stales be and is hereby re quested to use his good offices to the end that the united nations in vite Italy to be a signatory to the united nations agreement of Janu ary 1042 Cut British Milk Ration London food ministry announced Tuesday that the milk allowance for nonpriority con sumers would be cut Sunday from 3 to 2J pints a explaining that the peak of the production season had passed iel E Barbeycommander of the Stamps from your GlobcGasette as tlle United btates Hag IS hoist U S 7th amphibious force i carrier boy i marking the capture of Okinawa Lt Gen Roy S Geiger new command ing general of the marine fleet forces in the Pacific salutes as the United States flag is hoisted at official ceremonies Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cool Tuesday night Wednesday increasing cloudiness and warmer Minnesota Fair and continued un seasonably cool Tuesday night Wednesday fair and warmer Fair and quite cool Tues day and Tuesday night Wednes day fair and warmer Temper ature will average normal to near 3 degrees below IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 72 Minimum Monday 47 At 8 a m Tuesday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum T4 Minimum 58 Precipitation 27 stepped on a Japanese land mine Despite desperate efforts by doctors to save his mangled right forearm that too was amputated while he was enronte to this country on a hospital ship Id make a good picture for propaganda against the next war drawled the goodnatured Kentuckian His wife Mrs Jewell Hensel formerly of Corbin but now liv ing at Salem Ind was on hand to greet him when he came in late Sunday night Miraculously army doctors said Hensel is in good condition They say he will be able to walk on artificial legs and use his new artificial arms The sergeant hopes to be getting around in a wheel chair in time to celebrate his 27th birthday Aug 3 and his 3rd wedding anniversary Avig 12 Brie Gen Joseph E Bastion commanding officer at Percy Jones one of the armys largest amputation centers saifl there has been one other Quadruplicate amputee in he army during the war but that he was not a battle casualty He was an army pilot who lost parts of all 4 extremities due to freezinff after a plane crash hi New England the general ex plained In all there have been 12500 amputees from the war so far and of these 5 per cent are double amps Gen Bastion said Six soldiers have lost 3 limbs For 4 clays prior to being in jured Hensel led i detachmen of men through the mineinfestec clearing on Okinawa where they were repairing vehicles to go bad into battle On June 2 he was working on a Sherman tank and decided t go back to headquarters for mor repairs another soldic with him Realizing they wcr walking over dangerous jrronnt he ordered his companion o kce i good distance away They hadnt gone far whe Hensel stepped on the mine Th sturdy soldier didnt lose con sciousness while his companio gave him first aid nor unt medics arrived with drugs An orphan Hensel has been i the army 8 years He went over seas in March 1944 and with tank battalion attached to th 77th infantry division served o Guam Le Leyte and Okinawa Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazeti carrier boy SOLVE BERLIN FOOD CRISIS 3 Major Powers Reack Amicable Settlement Berlin 3 allied pow rs have amicably solved the prob em of feeding the nearly 3000 00 German civilians in Berlin it as officially announced Tuesday ight An official statement said oviet Marshal Gregory Khu ov American tt Gen Lucius D Clay and British Lt Gen Sir Donald Weeks had decided that Berlins food would be supplied y contributions from all the al ied occupation zones in Ger many Clay and Weeks are deputies f Gen Eisenhower and Field Tarslial Montgomery on the in erallied control commission for Germany The return of Clay and Weeks rom western Germany indicated he importance attached by the allies to getting the joint govern ment in Berlin functioning be ore the arrival of the Big 3 in he German capital probably be fore Saturday Clay Weeks and Zhukov also ook steps to solve the coal prob em of the city along the same lines as that of the food prob em Together these problems had served as stumbling blocks to the sharing of the city government ay the Americans British anci Russians The 3 high officers also ar ranged for a French representa tive to participate Wednesday in the first meeting of Berlins in terallied kommandattira Presumably American and Brit ish transport systems will bring considerable stocks of both food and fuel into the American and British sectors of Berlin from the occupation zones in western Ger many The BritishAmerican de mand had been for nil of Berlin to be supplied from its soviet held Hinterland There are 1650 000 Germans in the American and British zones in Berlin jad been sighted Racin westward under forced draft all Monday night the car riers pulled within striking dis tance of Tokyo before daybreak and sent the first of their 1009 bombers and fighters roaring over the capital a few minutes after 5 a m Tokyotime Caught completely by surprise the startledJapanese offered practically no opposition from the ground or aloft arid first reports said the raiders were1 BombffiiJ3ST strafing atwill Alarmed Japanese oroadcasts said the navy fliers were ranging up and down the east coast of Honshu on all sides of Tokyo And around midday the ene my reported that another 100 army Mustang fighters accompa nied by several B29 Superfort resses joined in the navy strike by attacking shipping and shore installations in he OsakaKobe area southwest of Tokyo The carrier based raiders cen tered their bombs and rocket fire on Tokyo itself and the 70 to 80 airfields surrounding the gutted capital They were guided into the ene my shores by the light of huge fires leaping through 5 Japanese cities where a force of 500 to 550 B29 Superfortresses had un loaded 3500 tons of demolition and incendiary bombs shortly be fore daybreak The first navy raiding planes smothered the Japanese ground defenses and pinned the enemys defending aircraft to the earth XIX OX BOBBY SOX Chicago bobby socks brigade didnt have a chance in a contest at one of Chicagos big USO centers In a poll of GI Joes over their preference of bobby socks vs femininity the service men voted heavily in favor of the fashionably dressed girls gave the bobby socks only 2 votes Hours later not a single Japanese plane had broken through to at tack the American warships oft U S 3rd fleets task force is under Vice Admiral John S McCain Boldly ehalleiipinsr the Japanese air and surface forces to battle McCain broke radio silence to give a runningaccount of the strike And he identified his top ffag commanders and ZG of his at tacking warships including some of the bijnrest and most modern carriers battleships and cruisers in the Pacific fleet Dispatches broadcast from the decks of task force 38 said the navy flyers were meeting no ene my lighters over Tokyo and that the attack showed no signs of slackening early Tuesday after noon some 8 hours after it began A dramatic communique from Admiral Chester W Nimitz said complete surprise was effected and his words were Dome out by a belated Tokyo radio announce ment Tokyo failed to mention the at tack until 3 hours after Nimitx issued his communique Then a vaguelyworded Japanese com munique admitted a continuing attack on the Tokyo area by about 800 carrier planes It re ported that the first raiders struck about a m Tokyo time and were still attacking at 1 p m Significantly the Japanese made no claims to have downed any of the raiders and ignored all refer ence to damage in the target area Nimitz first communique also gave only the sketchiest detailsof the attack pending a full report from Admiral William F Halsey commander of the 3rd But McCains preliminary re port said the carrier flyers sowed a trail of death and ruin across a broad arcot eastern Honshu on all sides of Tokyo Among the men owar identified in his task force were 4 carriers 4 battleships 4 cruisers and 14 de stroyers They included thn 27 ;