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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 10, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCFAftTMCNT Of HISTORY AND UOINtS IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL1 Fna tad United Pica Full lnmtt Win MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY IMt This CooalrfJ Two NO 137 One Mans Opinion A Kadio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO City P KMMO UiBciml Tuesday VVSUl lo wm City Thondjy p p KSCJ Slul City Ftldiy p K1CD Spencer Friday p m Is It o Platform or a Springboard TUCKED away near the end 1 the 5000 word platform adopt ed by the republican party at its national nominating convention in Chicago last month there ap peared the following little para graph under the heading GOOD The acceptance of the nomina tions made by this convention car ries with it as a matter of private honor and public faith an under taking by each candidate to be true to the principles and pro gram herein set forth That would seem to make the platform a quite binding docu ment wouldnt it In theory it is in practice if history re peats itself the presidential nom inee will become more and more his own platform as the campaign BRITISH TAKE CHAIN OF TOWNS Report Red Vanguards 60 Miles From East Prussia in Fast Gains BULLETIN London German high command said Monday that the red army had opened a violent attack above lasi in northeastern Romania and Berlin acknowledged the loss of Luniniec railroad junction in the Fripet marshes 30 miles east of Finsk London press reports placed Russian vanguards within 60 miles of East Prussia Monday night while the red army clamped tighter a death hold on Wilno where the German progresses successful And by the time the candidate lakes over the white house the convention platform will be pretty much for gotten This has been true in the past There is no reason to believe that it will not be true this year People are going to listen to what Mr Dewey has to say Not many of them will be asking What does the platform say on this point As a matter of if his tory repeats Dewey himself will not be asking that question very often Y MEMORY carries me back a dozen years ago when Nomi nee Franklin D Roosevelt stood before a packed convention hall in Chicago and stated rather un equivocally that he planned to stand withboth feet on the party platform which had been adopted M the previous day Now anybody knows that any similarity be tween the new deal policies anc the principles enunciated in that platform is purely coincidental Whether it was by chance or by design iTddnt know noticeable that Nominee Dewey in his acceptance speech at Chicago didnt commit himself to the party platform in any such flatfooted manner He has left himself a wide latitude of freedom for in terpreting the convention credo as the campaign progresses And Ill be greatly surprised if he doesnt exercise that freedom It isnt any intended reflection on the 1944 republican party plat I speak as a repubh garrison had been forced barricades into the center of the virtually encircled city Russian columns racing west ward at startling speed stormed past the Wilno flanks to the near est approach to East Prussia Northward the Soviets ripped through the German Wilno Daugavpils line penetrating to Utena more than 20 miles into prewar Lithuania The soviet plunge across the Lithuanian plains toward Memel on the Bal tic could cut off more than 60 000 square miles an area larger han Georgia garrisoned by a orce estimated in London at 40 German divisions Red troops had cut a 70mile gap in German lines strung down from the Baltic sea and narrowed the land corridor between the breach and the sea to less than 120 miles The Moscow radio asserted thai German and Lithuanian troops mutinied in Wilno and Kaunas The latter city capital of Rus sias Lithuanian republic was menaced by Russians charging less than 50 miles away Farther south the red army made fresh progress in a swif advance toward the major rail road center of Bialystok anc Brest Litovsk on the Bug river Both cities guard the approaches to Warsaw Reconnaissance has observed lively railroad and highway traf fic on the right wing of the south ern sector the Berlin radio said Irrthe lasi sector of local soviet attacks have been checked but it is clear that the soviet command soon will stage a big offensive Northeast of Wilno troops of the Baltic front sweeping up more than 700 towns captured Druja little more than a mile from the Latvian border Also seized was Braslov southwest of Druja and only 25 miles from Daugavpilos Moscow announced Fighting for the second day in YANKSCONQUER VITAL BASES IN DRIVE ON JAPS Saipan Victory Opens Vast New Possibilities of Sea Air Smashes U S Pacific Fleet Headquarters Pearl Harbor new pos sibilities of sea and air smashes toward Japan and the Philippines surged into view Monday with the conquest of Saipan and Noemfoor islands in the western Pacific Onrushing American forces wrested Saipan Saturday from a terrified Japanese garrison trapped on the islands northern tip It fell 24 hours after allied forces under Gen Douglas Mac Arthur completely took over Noemfoor near New Guineas northwest end Associated Press War Corres say that Nominee Tom the streets of Wilno the former Dewey CAN be very much strong er than his partys platform Somebody has I think rather a plat form is somethin not stand on to spring from pondent Rembert James repre senting the combined allied press came through with the first details of the savage bitterend struggle the trapped tffcred on Saipan Organized Japanese resistance ended just before dusk Saturday he wrote Civilians were sur rendering by the hundreds In the 25 days of battle Ameri can forces had battered the first great hole in Japans inner defense armor and carried the war more than 1000 miles westward From Saipan American planes can fly across Japans sea and air routes southward from the empire and even Japanese home islands Polishruled city which the will be in reach of longrange sians transferred to Lithuania in 1940 the Russians appeared to have that ancient center of Baltic civilization on the verge of cap FLYING BOMB WRECKS LONDON CHAPEL is the wrecked guards chapel at Wellington fbarracks in London which d isclosed late Sunday to navebeen hit during by one of Hitlers flying bombs several weeks ago with severe casualties The 106 year old chapel lies on Birdcage walk between Buckingham palace and the parliament buildings Associated Press wircphoto by radio from London engraving by Kayenay FOR AN understanding of why platforms are not more punc tiliously accepted as bible by presidential nominees one has only to examine the process by which platforms are evolved This has been my privilege and at close range at 7 national conven tions during the past 20 years The subcommittee in charge of any given plank in the platform it is to be remembered is made up for a large membership drawn from all parts of the country and representing a wide diversity of views The meetings open with those of extreme opinion insisting that their point of view prevnil in the plank to be drafted Soon however it becomes ap parent that in the membership of the subcommittee there are oth ers with just as pronounced views toward the opposite extreme So what do they do They pursue a very natural and human course They compromise by drafting a plank that will not be offensive to either extreme They water it down in the direction of innocu onsness COR EXAMPLE lets consider the F foreign relations plank in the 1944 republican platform That particular subcommittee w a s headed by Sen Warren Austin of Vermont a man rather pro nounced worldmindedness With him in the group were Illinois Sen Wayiand Brooks a super nationalist known as the voice of the Chicago Tribune on Capitol Hill and a Mrs F Peavey Hef fefinger of Minnesota spokesman ituiation Moscow dispatches said The German broadcast said the nazi defenders had barricaded themselves in the center of the city House after house was de fended most subbornly and the Soviets are paying with the highest sanguinary losses for ev ery meter of ground gained in the shattered town The Berlin commentator Walter Plato said the Russians had reached the KaunasDaugavpils road in the neighborhood of Otea where fierce fighting rated This was inside Lithuanian bor ders as they existed before the country was made a soviet repub lic and some former Polish terri tory annexed It apparently was about 80 or 85 miles from the Ger man frontier of East Prussia Previous reports said the Rus sians were sweeping past Wilno to the northwest toward Kaunas 50 miles to the west had crossed the prewar Lithuanian border and had brought the rail line un der fire Tilsit in East Prussia and Riga the Latvian port on the Baltic ap peared in the path the offen sive German underground informa tion received here said the Ger mans already had declared East Prussia a rear area of operation and were planning a swift with drawal fiiom the PskovNarva sec tor of Estonia in the northern Bal tics where their forces were threatened with being cut from Germany except by sea The nazi plan called for evac uation of all Estonia and most of Latvia in order to conserve forces planes James said probably 95 per cent of the Japanese garrison estimated at more than 20000 when the in vasion began July 14 had been de stroyed The finale was an ugly spec tacle of senseless dying he con tinued Enemy troops weakened to a point of exhausion by 2 days of futile counterattack were pushed steadily backward The despera tion and panic behind the enemy lines helped to crumble Japanese defenses American airmen flying over the trapped foe saw signs of be wilderment and terror among the troops and civilians there At one place scores of Japanese swam out into the sea as the battle drew nearer There was nowhere lo swim and they had to swim back or drown The strategic value of Saipan was immense Saipan offers the test possi bilities for airfield development o any of the islands captured from the Japanese in the central Pa cific campaign said Vice Adm John H Hoover commander o the central Pacific forward area Its main airstrip is far the bes that we have taken and the island size offers additional advantages of wide dispersal Superfortresses could operat from Saipan with devastatin power against Tokyo 1450 mile Robombs Hit Landmarks in British Capital London Hitler again etting a helping hand from the eather poured a fresh barrage flying bombs into southern ngland and the London area unday shoving the death list igher while officials disclosed hat 3 familiar London landmarks among the places already for the Harold Stassen united na tions approach in international affairs Out of that mellanKe came a plank modeled after the Mackinac declaration of last summer It called for responsible participa tion by the United States in post w a r co operation organization among sovereign nations to pre vent military aggression and to attain permanent peace with or ganized justice in a free world Another paragraph in the plank the price paid for the support of Senator Brooks and his cohorts on the was as follows We shall seek to achieve such aims through organ CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 for the defense of East Prussia the cradle of junkerism these ad vices said Boy 5 Died After Playmate Tossed Match Mascaline A coroners jury reported that the death last Friday of 5 year old Carl J May lone was a result of burns re ceived July 1 when an 11 year old playmate threw a lighted match after applying gasoline to the younger boys clothiing Carl rushed with flaming clothing to his sister who extinguished the flames He was a son of Mr and Mrs John H Maylone of Musca tine north or the Philippines 150 miles west The island also ha great potentialities as a naval sup ply point and submarine stagin base It is less than 150 mile north of Guam first U S terr lory taken by Japan after the oul break of war Noemfoors 3 airfields 800 mile southeast of Mindanao were cap tured within o days last week Noemfoor and the nearby Schou terf islands where the American hold 4 airdromes on Biak and Ov surmount New Guineas huj Geelvink bay with its possibil ties for elaborate naval develop ment These nests of airdromes bay and on Saipan ata may make for crossbombing of Guam and of the bypassed Caro lines Organized resistance of Saipan collapsed rather suddenly Adm Chester W Nimitz announced fol lowing a day of suicidal counter attacks that penetrated the Amer ican lines in some places as much as 2000 yards tut cost the enemy lsnn The evacuation flow increased s bus loads of laughing yelling oungsters rolled through the treets of the British capital lo tations where they were taken way in orderly batches of about 000 at a time Something that Londoners had Tjown lor weeks was officially isclosed when the governmen icrmitted publication of the fac hat the famed Guards chapel a Vellington barracks had beej mashed by a robot bomb and ithers had hit the bankruptcy ourt in Fleet street and the Re lent Palace hotel just off Picca lilly circus Because the 106 year old chape on Birdcage walk between Buck ngham palace and the parliamen buildings was hit during service casualties were severe there bu only one was killed at the hole and 3 at the court building The weather which started off avorably quickly turned bad over Dover strait around noon Sunday hampering the use of allied planes against the bomblaunching sites in the Pas de Calais area of France The weather also made it more difficult to spot the flying bombs which growled over spor adically throughout the day DE GAULLE TO MOVE TO FRANCE Better Understanding With F R Reported Washington General Charles De Gaulle reporting his conversations with President Roosevelt had attained the prin cipal object of creating a better understanding announced Mon day he would move his capital rom Algiers lo liberated French erritory as soon as possible f had very broad and frank conversations with Presidcn Hoosevelt De Gaulle told a prcsb conference adding that he was taking away with him the best possible impression from my slay in the capital of the United Stales The French leader said he ex plained to the president as well as I could how France gradually emerging from her temporary misfortune intends to participate with her allies at her rightful place first in the war and then in the life of the world at peace DC Gaulle said President Roose velt spoke to him of American re sponsibilities for the war and for the peace with a breadth of view a knowledge of the problems and an idealism which parlicu arly impressed me The general discussed his meet ng with Mr Roosevelt and other Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon afternoon Monday night Tuesday with scattered X X Eisenhower Scores Wave of Optimism By MERRILL MUELLER The Combined American Networks Gen Eisenhowers Headquar ers tP The supreme com nander of the allied expeditionary orces Monday warned against the rowing optimism prevalent hroughout the world and pre icted long and bitter fighting bc ore the final victory in Europe Enumerating the long list of al ied successes in Russia Africa taly and France since he first came to Europe at the fall ot To ruk 2 years ago Gen Eisen lower said the trend toward over optimism was understandable But le emphasized it was the ditty of people in responsible position to state the facts Overoptimism doesnt take into consideration one main Lhat we are now in a position to hit the Germans where it hurts and the Germans will fight back harder than ever Thus General Eisenhower made it clear that while the possibility of a crack in German morale was not excluded he believed gestapo control was so complete over Ger many that internal collapse was a false hope We must be pre pared now in all our home front and fighting for bitter fighting right around the German perimeter There will be fighting of the most stren uous character with heavy losses The general picture of overop timism must be sobered by the very definite conclusion that we have really got to fight for every foot we get both locally and in the general strategic position The general said the taking of Caen was most gratifying and we arc on the offensive all along the front The continuation of the Ameri can push on the western flank is all part of the great plan but there is nothing spectacular in it at the moment It is slow painful slus ging Gen Eisenhower was greatly pleased the Russian victory at Wilno He said that 25 Ger man divisions northeast of Wilno are badly compromised by its capture PUSH AHEAD IN ATTACKS FROM CAPtUREDCAEN Strongpoints Guarding Germans Imperiled Flank Are Seized Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Sir Bernard L Montgomerys Brit ish 2nd army starting to swing shut the door on Germans still standing across the Orne river in the southern suburbs oL captured Caen Monday seized a chain oC Normandy towns and strongpoints guarding the enemys imperiled flank Striking in typical hardsmiting Moiidromery style the British plunged eastward from their Odon bridgehead behind the embattled Germans in the suburb of Fau borff De Vaucelles and captured BrcttevilleSur Odon a mile south west of Caen Eterville next in the chain and 3 miles southwest the city and showers and possibly thunder storms Slightly warmer Mon day night Iowa Partly cloudy with scat tered thundershowers Monday night and in cast portion Tues day forenoon No important change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowcrs Mon day night and extreme east por tion early forenoon Tuesday no important temperature change IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 74 Minimum Sunday night 58 At 8 a m Monday 03 Rain Sunday 27 An additional 25 of an inch of rain iell Monday morning YEAR AGO in Suits Filed Against Circus Hartford Conn suits asking 5120000 Monday were filed against Ringling broth ers and Barnum and Bailey circus charging it was negligent and careless in its operations that ex its had been obstructed and thai conbustible and hazardous mater ial was used in construction of the tent and seats all in violation of Hartford city ordinances IOWAN IS HONORED Diego Cal Iowa war veteran I Lt Marshall aviation ordnanceman of Keokuk was awarded an air medal in cer emonies Saturday at the naval air station American officials just before tak ng a plane for New York spoke in French after an initia good morning ladies and gentle men in English First he read a statement ex pressing his satisfaction with the lalks with the president Secre tary of State Hull and other of ficials Then he answered ques lions freely The supreme commander dis cussed sympathetically the trials London and southern England are going through under flying bomb attacks He said no military man is taking lightly these experiences This new weapon and its employ ment is difficult to analyze Spec ulation on it is out of order We have been successful in keeping some of its seriousness down and the great group ot al lied scientists studying it all the time may evolve something even more effective This new weapon is only effective in hitting large areas and in the near future there doesnt seem any indication that it will be any more efficient than it is now The general said the flying bomb was a damnable thing and he didnt like it It gives the Germans a cheap air force just as wild in itsattacks as the original luftwaffe We would never use such a weapon lacking pinpoint accuracy because of the danger of hitting our friends as well as foe Mallot 4 miles southwest and Hill 112 a bit farther southwest all fell in quick succession in plunges which took the British within a mile of the Orne river Montgomerys bludgeon more than 3 miles broad was matched by a British bridgehead across the Orne to the north and east of Caen which also threalened the lastditch Germans with a squeeze offensive The British fought forward 2 miles in this latest attack with the objective ot freeing the docks of Caen fromtheir threat of German artillery fire so that a stream of allied freight might soon begin pouring in to match the reinforce ments from Cherbourg All the points fell before noon after the initial jump off at 5 a m In the center an American smash into the German lines from UieVirrriver bridgehead nt SI Jean De Dayc also made steady progress on a 7 mile front to depths of more than a mile in hard fuThtinK through difficult low country hidden by tog and drizzle Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys col umns accompanied by a steady drumfire from artillery captured Sainteny G miles south of Caren tan and about the same distance from the road junction of Periers Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday 91 64 79 54 63 PLANS STORAGE PLANT Dubuque A Robin son associated with the Capitol Oil corporation has announced plans for a oil storage plant on the river front here Periers is about miles south west ot Lessay a coastal road junction bordering a deep inlet from the sea the Germans might attempt to defend a bottle neck against other Americans roll ing swiftly southeastward from captured La Haye Du Puits Front line dispatches said the latter drive was breaking through German strong defenses and opcn ng an exit out oC the Cherbourg peninsula through the few chan neled passages between swamps and lowlands The Germans were said to be falling back to new de fenses Lcssay is about 41 miles below La Haye Montgomerys assault was a typ ical flanking jab It was made while the bulk of the main German forces were en gaged by British sweeping through the ruins of Caen toward the sub urb of Fauborg do Vaucelles where the Germans were making a stand In the first two and a halt hours of the new attack south and east of the Odon river the British over ran Key Hill 112 three quarters of a mile north of Esnuay on the Lionel Atwill 55 Is Married to Singer 28 Hollywood actor Lionel Atwill who was di vorced last year by Mrs Louise Cromwell Atwill Washington D C society leader and former wife of Gen Douglas MacArthur Mon day announced his marriage to Mary Paula Shilslon 28 a concert singer and radio writer at Las Vegas Nev last Friday night The fatherly looking actor who said he was 55 and Miss Shilston drove to Nevada routed a superi or court judge from a dinnerparty to perform the ceremony and re turned to the film city the follow ing day ALLIES TAKE KEY DEFENSE troops have taken La Haye A and British and Canadian forces captured Caen both key German defense points Arrows indicate courses of possible drives from present alliedheld areas toward Paris and the key ports of Le Havre and Brest ;