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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa srttAfifCir IU7Kil NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wlra five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 9 1945 NO 2M One Man Opinion A Eadio Commentary by W EARL HALL i Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGIO Mison S p in KOI Ames p m WSUI Wednesday p WTAD Quincy 111 Friday P K8CJ Sioux City Saturijis p The Foundations of o Lasting Peace ON THE very day that repre sentatives of 50 nations in Sari Francisco were affixing their signatures to the world security charter a courteously worded and well written letter reached iriy desk It was from a reader who was concerned about my frequently expressed view that this war CAN be followed by an enduring peace And note that Ive said CAN be followed the letter was a recounting ot some of the Biblical prophesies that wars are inevitable The writer took the position that there can be no peace until peace is in thehearts of all men The fight ing instinct he pointed out is as deeply ingrained in the human animal as in other animals While I still think the letter reflected a whol ly defeatist attitude I must ad mit that it hascaused me to do a little reappraising of my en tire thinking on the subject peace and war relating it to the charter drawn on the shores of the Golden Gate ALWAYS IN my approach to this subject Ive tried to be realistic about the whole matter Ive wanted always to avoid giv ing reason to anybody for laying the charge against me Oh ne s just one of those starryeyed boys For example Ive never be I dont weVe arrived at anything even approximating the millemum I recognize full well that man still the fighting animal I ve never don t that idealism is the likely founda tion for a lasting peace In short Ive tried to look at the world as U as I wish It an from there If the world would turn to the tenetsofGbristtariiJy would be banished over niaht But the wovld hasnt turned to Christianity in any great degree even though ex posed to ti for well nigh 2000 years As a realist Im not ex pecting this to happen overnight Its a longrange program going to be a long in terim before that goal is reachetl 100 years 500 years Navy Combs Pacific for Jap Fleet Stettinius Testifies for Peace Charter Former Secretary of State Appears Before Senate in PreRatification Hearings Washington R StettiniusJr told the senate foreign relations committee Monday that the united nations charter offers a truly effective instrument for lasting peace maybe even 5000 yearsAre we to say that theres notliing to be done in the meantime about banishing the mass slaughter by nations FAIL TO SOLVE DEADLOCKOVER BERLINS FOOD High Diplomats Begin Arriving in Berlin for Big 3 Meeting Berlin ff The interallied deadlock over the government of Berlin continued unbroken Mon day as high diplomats began ar riving for the impending big 3 meeting Averell Harriman U S arabas sador to Moscow was to land at the Tempelhof airdrome Monday afternoon and take quarters near the little white house prepared for President Truman in the heav ily guarded Potsdam area A procession of American limou sines started regular service from the airdrome to Potsdam carrying distinguished visitors American army signal experts virtually completed stringing a thick network of cables and wires by which Mr Truman will be in touch with Washington while he confers with Generalissimo Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill Guards from elite red army regiments were increased through out the Potsdam area A heavy sprinklingof American and Brit ishsentries were in the area The white house declinedto con firm or deny a radio broadcast Sunday night that President Tru man has left for Berlin and his meeting this month with Premier Stalin and Prime Minister Church ill Drew Pearson radio news com mentator said that Mr Truman is on his way and that he took with him about 100 advisers The The silverhaired former sec retary of state testified as the first witness as the 50nation agreement reached at San Fran cisco started officially through the senate amid indications it may be ratified without amendment or reservation Speaking from a prepared manuscript in a large caucus room where the late Wendell L IVillkie once expounded his one world views Stettinius declared I believe the 5 major nations proved at San Francisco beyond the shadow of any doubt that they can work successfully and in unity with each other and with the other united nations under this charter No country has a greater stake he continued than the United States in a speedy beginning upon the task of realizing in fact the promise which the united na tions charter offers to the world The former secretary desig nated by President Truman as the American representative on the proposed world security coun cil defended the voting procedure under which the United States Great Britain Russia France and China plus Z small nation mem bers must approve before the council can take positive action to settle international disputes These nations possess most of the military and industrial re sources of the world he as serted They will have to bear the principle responsibility for maintaining peace in the foresee able future The provisions ot membership recognize this ines capable fact I submit that these 5 nations WAR CRIMES EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Members of the interallied war crimes executive committee meets in London to set up machinery for bringing war crim inals to justice They hope to have a detailed setup to present to the projected Big 3 meeting L to R Judge Robert Jackson TJ S supreme court Sir David Maxwell Fyfe British attorney general M G Nikitchenko deputy president of the soviet supreme court and Robert Falco counsellor of the French court of appeals LHV VWWJ V should do what we can to elimi nate war as the ultimate de terminer of international quar Work and pray Cor the time when men can live in peace be cause its in their hearts But let s not say theres nothing we can do until that millemnm comes TT WAS in this spirit that dele gates from 50 nations sat down at the conference tables in San Francisco At the end ot their la bors by a process of give and take a charter was drawn agreed to unanimously and signed by the representatives of all par ticipating nations Was it perfect Not by any means Fruits born of such dem ocratic action seldom are in fact National selfinterest American delegation Pearson said is the biggest to attend a big 3 meeting President Truman is enroute to Europe lor the big 3 meeting with Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin The president left Newport News by ship Saturday Accom panying him was a staff of advis ers including Secretary of State James F Byrnes The big 3 meeting will be held in the Potsdam area near Ber lin The Berlin governmental im passe over the issue of supplying food and fuel for the districts oc cupied by the Americans and British still was unsettled and the possibility increased that the big 3 might have to resolve it In the eyes of American and British officials the issue IS SO SERIOUS THAT WITHDRAWAL BY THE WESTERN ALLIES FROM BERLIN MAY BE CON SIDERED unless a practical solu p ossessing world1 power to break or preserve peace must agree and act together if peace is to be maintained just as they have had to agree and act together in order to make pos sible a united nations victory in this war But Stettinius added that the security council with all of its authority to use military force to prevent war could not insure the peace if men and women have no security in their homes and in their jobs was present in the attitude and course of all nations at the con ference including our awn Both perfectionists and defeat ists hold up their hands in her ror when yon mention the term But that isnt tlie I feel about it To the con trary I have the feeling that in telligent national selfinterest is the soundest possible foundation on which to build a lasting peace In intelligent selfinterest na tions represented at San Fran cisco asked themselves this ques tion What is the one item of greatest importance to my coun try in the world of today and to morrow And their answer had to be Its that war shall never again come to my country or to the world BY THESE delegates to the world security conference war was recognized as the worst of bad business No nation great or small stands to gain from an other war Conversely every na tion stands to lose from another war From the previews Ive had of the next my time in the European war reached the studied conclusion that the next war would be di rected at mass civilian extermi nation Civilization or what passes for civilization just couldnt stand up under that nest war I like to believe that this realization conditioned the thought and the action of every delegate to the San Francisco Continued on Page 2 tion is reached The issue is whether the areas of Berlin taken over by U S and British troops shall receive food from the Russianheld out skirts where American and Brit ish experts say Berlin ordinarily gets most of its edibles A long conference Saturday night ended without agreement It was attended by Soviet Marsha Georgi K Zhukov Lt Gen Lucius D Clay for the United States and Lt Gen Sir Ronald Weeks foi Britain It was learned that Clay pro posed that commodities produced in the various occupation zones of Germany be bartered amon the allies and that as a part o this arrangement the Russian might be able to supply all o Berlin withfood in exchange fo products from American an British zones in the other parts o Germany There are an estimated 75000 civilians in the American zone Berlin 900000 in the British zon and 1100000 in the Russian area The deadlock also affects fue and American and British source said that unless they have contri over the food and fuel situation i their respective zones there ca be no real British and America military governments in Berlin Both American and Britis military governments original were scheduled to be operating D July 5 but neither has taken ov any district from the soviet com mand to date AN ORDER B MARSHAL ZHUKOV issued noon July 5 FORBADE HIS DIS TRICT OFFICERS TO WITH I DRAW ap Casualties in hilippines Rise to Nearly Half Million Manila of 3824 apanese dead in the Philippines i the past week and capture of 86 has raised total enemy cas alties in the campaign to 423245 en Douglas MacArthur disclosed onday Nazis Shot AP Writer Joe Morton Linz Austria Delayed by Cen officials now in custody say Joseph Mor ton Associated Press War corre spondent who was captured after he flew into Slovakia during Czechoslovakia uprising was ex ecuted in the Mauthausen concen tration camp Jan 24 on order from Heinrich Himmlers staff in Berlin Morton 34 an imaginative anc energetic correspondent wh came th first interview with King Mihai after Romania made peace last year was captured near Plomka in Slovakia the day after last Christmas He was taken to Bratislava and arrived in Mauthausen 15 miles east of this city early in January Nine other Americans and 4 members of a group which flew into Slovakia in Oc tober to help bring out American flyers stranded shot to death with Morton and their bodies were cremated according to these witnesses One of the Germans held an interpreter who was present dur the interrogation of the group in Mauthausen said that some were beaten and tortured in an effort to wring information from them but Morton underwent the in WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese planes were destroyed or wrecked in a series of attacks by army navy and marine flyers infantry advanced in the Pandansari refin ery area near Balikpapan casualties rose io 423236 as 3824 addi tional Japanese dead and 386 prisoners were wounded last week Powerful Task Force Hunts for Remnants of Naval Air Power Guarding Japan Guam powerful American task force was loose in the western Pacific Monday under open orders to hunt down and de stroy the remnants of Japanese naval and air power defending enemy homeland from invasion The presence of the new Ameri 6442 B29S RAIDED JAPAN IN 40 DAYS Area of Devastation in Home Islands Set at 130 Square Miles Guam UR At least 6442 B29s have dumped nearly 42000 tons of bombs on Japanese indus tries and installations in the last 40 days as fleets of Mustangs B24s and B25s joined in increas ing the devastated Japanese area to more than 130 square miles By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Approximately 200 American planes ranging from rocketfiring fighters to minelaying Superforls swarmed over Japan Monday Tokyo radio reported carrying on a serious and calculated attempt to raze the Japanese mainland thoroughly before invasion Tokyo warned that even heavier headquarters announced Japanese marines who landed southwest of Amoy were being forced into retreat Chinese captured South Guard Pass on IndoChina frontier activity increased in Sittang river bend 70 miles northeast of Rangoon HamiltonStory Association Picnic atBhie Earth Miim Bf aws Sunday Crowd terrogation hardships without difficulty or Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CANADIAN TROOPS RIOT IN picture made at the height of a riot at Aldershot England shows Canadian troops smashing windows in the center of the town in protest over delays in being sent home More than 200 of the Canadians have been arrested One of the sol diers has been knocked to the pavement while his mates hurl stones through windows Blue Earth of the largest crowds in its 25 year his tory was present at the fair grounds here Sunday for the an nual picnic of the HamiltonStory associationa group made up largely of NorwegianAmericans who formerly lived in those 2 Iowa counties The featured speakers were President Clemens Granskau of St Olaf college Northfield Minn whogave the morning sermon and Reidar Solum in charge of the Norwegian consulate at Min neapolis who in his address in the afternoon brought greetings from King Haakon and from Dr Carl Hambro president of the Norweg ian parliament In his sermon delivered from a platform before a wellfilled grandstand Dr Granskau who lived his boyhood in VVinnebago county and once presided over Waldorf college stressed the m id for a welllaid highway in highway constructed to carry the burden of the day to a worthy destination The foundation of this highway he pointed out is a staunch anc lasting faith in the teachings of Christ and in the church based on those teachings the most idealistic do no take God into account invariably go awry he observed In this con nection he recalled the Make thi world safe for democracy shib boleth of Die last war Mr Solums address was in th nature of a tribute to Norway role in this war and a predictioi that brighter days lie ahead fo the little country upon which wa has laid such a heavy hand H praised and thanked Americans o Norwegian ancestry for the hej they have given to his people i their dark hours Included in his remarks was a admonition to his hearers to per petuate the language and the tra ditions brought with them or the forebears from Norway Doin this he insisted would have tl effect of making better American ot them The Rev A E Thompson Blue Earths Lutheran church wj in charge of the morning servic The music included a soprano so by Gertrude Boe Overby of Olaf college Overby at the Following the picnic dinner served at noon on the grounds there was a concert by the Blue Earth community club band R M Hall of Cerro Gordo county pre sided over the afternoon program Besides the address by Consul Solum it included an address ot welcome by Mayor Rector Putnam of Blue Earth 3 groups of vocal solos mostly Norwegian folk songs by Mrs Overby and com munity singing directed by Earl Hall of Mason City In the business session Presi dent Hall Secretary M O Madi son of Blue Earth and Treasurer O E Anderson of Blue Earth were laps Strike Jack in Borneo Drive mtinued in office Special mes ges of felicitation to King aakon and to Doctor Hambro ere authorized Plans are already under way for ext years picnic blows already promised by Amer ican commanders would be seen a few months hence after the rainy season Unconfirmed Japanese reports on Mondays attacks said war planes out of Okinawa and Iwo Jima continued their daily double strikes against Honshu and Ky ushu Japans two most important islands but selected new targets Five cities on central Honshu werejittaclcedjjy Mustang fighters from Iwd Jima Ninety Mustangs Tokyo said hit Kyoto former capital of Japan Osaka Kobe Hamamatsu and Toyohashi Okinawa aircraft concentrated on the area around Omura site ot a naval air station guarding the Sasebo naval base oh north western Kyushu Japanese broad casts said 50 Liberators were es corted on their bombing run by 40 Thunderbolts and Lightnings UR Fierce Japanese ounterat tacks were reported londay around the Manggar air trip where the enemy battled to revent the Australians from reaking out of the Balikpapan iridgehead for a drive northeast o the Samarinda oilfield Australian army dispatches re ay ed by radio Melbourne said hat the Japanese made 2 counter ttacks Saturday night and Sun day morning at Manggar 12 miles northeast of Balikpapan In the first enemy stab fighting aged back and forth for half an hour before the drive was stemmed Less than an hour ater the Japanese Hacked ngain time they lost heavily the Australian report said The 7th division encircled the Pandansari oil refinery area northwest of Balikpapan and the Japanese garrison there was being NEW RECORD IN LIQUOR PERMITS Rationing Reduces Gallonage Totals Des IHoines the number of liquor permits and dollar vol ume of business state liquor stores set new records for the fis cal year ended June 30 but the rationrestricted stores fell far below earlier gallonage totals Total sales for 194445 were more than consider ably higher than the 519372000 total for the previous fiscal year A total of 53000 more permits were issued during thelast year with a total of 440000 The number of gallons sold dur ing the year when finally com puted was expected to be about 1760000 compared to 1668000 reduced steadily To the tj of Balikpapan the Australians ad vanced into swampy country and captured Soemba village Mondays communique from Gen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters said the Australians were fanning from the Balikpapan bridgehead which was 18 miles long and 2 fo 3 miles deep Japanese coastal guns still were pouring shells into the beachhead although they were under heavy attack by the 7th fleet Carrier based planes hammered the en emy positions while engineers sweated to ready the captured Manggar arid Sepinggang air fields for landbased planes One big Japanese coastal gun was captured intact 2400 yards north west of the Manggar airstrip during 194344 This still was be 2499000 total in 194142 ILLINOIS EDITOR DIES 111 L Bowen 74 formerly director of the Illinois department of public welfare and once editor of the Illinois State Journal at Springfield died Sun day night Weather Report FORECAST Slason City Far Monday night and Tuesday much cooler Monday night continued cool Tuesday Iowa Partly cloudy with scattered thunderstorms Monday Partly can battle fleet in the far Pacific was revealed in a delayed dispatch from the flagship of the task force commanded by Vice Adm John S McCain chief of fast carriers in Admiral William F Halseys vet eran 3rd fleet Its position in what were still nominally enemy waters was a closelyguarded naval secret but its mission was not The present mission of this powerful task force is to wipe out Japanese air power shipping a spokesman aboard McCains flagship announced bluntly Carrier planes from the task force he added will team up with the B29 fleets and other land based warplanes massed on the Pacific islands in the mounting preinvasion bombardment of Ja pan On Okinawa Maj Gen Louis Woods chief of the marine tactical oir force declared that enemy aerial opposition was weakening Good targets are getting scarce Even thouffh ive are noiv ranging into the heart of the empire Woods said Jittery Japanese broadcasts said other American warplanes were ranging far and wide over Japans bypassed island holdings in the Pacific Tokyo said 10 Superfortresses and 140 other planes hit Japanese held Marcus island 1185 miles southeast of Tokyo Sunday in the irst B29 attack of the war on that central Pacific base Other U S army fighters were reported re connoitering in force over Chichi island in the Bonins 600 miles southeast of Tokyo The spreading American air blows touched off a wave of un easy speculation in semiofficial Tokyo quarters The Japanese peo ple warned that American raids would increase in scale and intensity with the end ot therainy season now almost over Tokyo revealed that firelight ing equipment was being rushed from the ruined major cities of Japan to smaller and more vul nerable war centers that recently have become targets for the Amer ican raiders At the same time the enemy ad mitted that 200000 refugees from Honshus bombed out cities are streaming northward to Hokkaido northernmost of the Japanese home islands Japanese defenses as far south as Singapore were alerted against possible allied invasion moves and Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura Ja pans Pearl Harbor envoy to Washington called on the people of the home islands for a re doubled effort As long as the enemy asks for Japans unconditional surrender she will have to shed blood pro portionate to the time and intens ity of each battle said Nomura in what might have been inter preted as another tacit appeal to the United States to lower Us sur render terms Still another enemy spokesman Vice Admiral Takamaki of tbe munitions ministrys naval arma ment bureau declared that Japans only road to victory lay in an allout aerial offensive against Ok inawa to forestall an American attack from that island The enemy is pouring in on Okinawa unbelievable amounts of fuel explosives equipment and men said Takamaki We must strike them as thoroughly as pos sible More trouble was brewing for Japan aboard McCains carriers lis spokesman said their sharp shooting planes would complement witli their pinpoint bombing the destruction being wrought by ths Superfortresses He added that activation of the Okinawa airfields has not relegat ed the carriers to a secondary role in the Pacific but has made it pos sible for them to roam through enemy waters striking at will rather than concentrating on hit and run attacks as in the earlier stages of the war The navy he said is eager for the Japanese air force to come out and fight and speed its own de struction tioe uverby oi SI n with prof Oscar R karly Kisers bet piano I J Glimpse of Eclipse By UNITED PRESS Northwest residents Monday saw their first eclipse of the sun in 10 years Not since 1935 has a partial eclipse been evident in this area A partial eclipse was visible in 1932 while the most recent prac tically complete one was in 1925 Mondays eclipse visible be tween and a m was 84 per cent complete ann3 TMoen No Canning Sugar Buy your War Stamps from your carrier boy Bonds and GlobeGazette Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday cooler south and east portions Monday night and un seasonably cool throughout the state Monday night and mes day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 85 Minimum Sunday 63 At 8 a m Monday 67 Precipitation 01 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 54 for Housewives Who Have Received Any DCS Moines Tur ner district office of price admin istration food representative after what he said was a thorough check of sugar allotted for distri bution in the 64 county Des Moiries district has announced that housewives who already have received canning sugar will get none this month He said those who had not re ceived any yet and planned to do some canning would be allotted 5 pounds ;