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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 8, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER BD1TED FOR THEHOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI United Press Full Wires In Interest of National Defense Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 8 1950 skes Seizure of Rock Island Road Directs Army to Run It MARINES PREP FOR of theTst Marine air wing ordered to the Korean front last Monday sharpen their shooting eyes at theJEI Toro Marine corps air station rifle range Santa AnaCal The men are mostly pilots and aircraft technicians but their rifle markmanship is not beingneglected Weighing Korean Policy on DoyfoDoy Basis By LYLE C WILSON Washington UR President Truman is developing his Korean policy on a daybyday basis The scope seriousness and im plications of our police action there isnot yet fully revealed to the public Becoming clearer every day is the fact that the United States campaign under United Nations auspices to repulse the invaders of South Korea becomes daily more like war and less like po lice action Another fact is that the well armed and numerous North Kor ean army is not behaving like a bunch of bandits as des cribed Those NorthKoreans so far have all but destroyed the South Korean aVmed forces and steadily driven American troops back Not At War Mr Truman described the Kor ean operation on June 29 as a police action against a bunch of bandits He told his news confer ence we are not at war At the ratethings have been moving everything the pres ident says tofiay about the Korean situation may not hold for to JBorrow He told his news confer ence July 6 that there was no present need to mobilize the or ganized reserves Friday he au thorized armed services to draft men abolished budget limits on armed services personnel and au thorized a call up of reservists to officer new units The daybyday widening of the scope and intensity of the American effort in Korea is arous ing criticism here and elsewhere that Mr Truman is withholding from the public available facts of the situation Administration de fenders however contend that the suddenness of the emergency com pelled a day by day approach to its problems That was better it Is contend ed than an attempt to come up in stantly with a full blown program based on insufficient experience the problem But it is a fact that far eastern developments now have repeated ly compelled the administration to reverse itseK or to adopt new and unexpected policies There is spec ulation here how far that may when the operation may be measured as a war to be upported by some of the war time controls of 194145 Mr Trumans first reaction to Korean civil war was to authorize the loan of arms and other goods to South Korea That was on June 26 on Formosa Next day the president ordered the air forces and navy to give and aid but limited activities to South Korean borders We also switched oa Formosa with an order to the 7th fleet to patrol and protect it Senate Democratic Leader Scott W Lucas 111 assured the senate American armed force would not be loosed against North Korean territory But Gen Douglas Mac Arthur make a quickie visit to the front he was to cover and protect with air and naval forces Just what MacArthur reported thereafter is an administration secret But things have been hap pening fast s On June 30 Mr Truman made a limited commitment of our ground forces to fight in Korea He authorized the air force to bomb North Korean targets and the navy to blockade NorthKorea Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Thunder storms like ly Saturday night Cloudy windy and warmer Sunday with more thunder stormsby late aft ernoon or evening Low Satur day night 65 High Sunday 88 Iowa Partly cloudy through Sun day Scattered showers and thunder showers west portion Saturday nighj and early Sun day morning Warmer Saturday night Low 62 to 67 High Sun day 86 to 92 Southerly winds i 15 to 20 MPH Sunday with high gusts Further outlook Low Monday morning 66 to 68 Part ly cloudy warm and humid Monday and Tuesday with oc casional local thunder showers Highs Monday 90 to 92 Minnesota Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday with scattered showers or thundershowers ex cept very few or none in ex treme southeast Not much change in temperature Low Sat urday night 6266 High Sunday 8590 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 79 Minimum 55 At R a m 71 YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minimum 70 SAME meant But Union Balks on Ordering Return to Jobs Washington UR President Truman Saturday ordered gov ernment seizure of the struck Rock Island railroad and the justice department prepared to back him a by seeking a fed eral court order It was learned that justice de partment officials probably will seek a court injunction Monday should striking AFL Switch mens union fail to return to work on the line under army operation Chicago President Truman ordered government seizure of the 8000 mile Rock Island railroad Satur day but the striking AFL switchmens union refused to order its men back to work Francis A ONeill a mem ber of the national railway mediation board said Arthur J Glover union president told him he wouldnot end the strike on the basis nf the seizure order as it presently exists Mr Truman told the army to take over and run the railroad but he also called on the switchmen to end their strike and cooperate with the government Glover said later that the union will restore service on the line when and if the government seizes the prof its of the railroad as well as the labor of men The union which has been on strike against the Rock Island for 14 days gave its reply less than 4 hours after the president ordered seiz ure Government seizure is im perative in view of the strike by the switchmens union to protect the national defense and security of the nation Mr Truman Not Made Public The president acted in the face of a proposal from the strikers which the union said may dispose of our dispute The union proposal reported in Chicago was not made public Other Threats The switchmen had called off their strike against 4 other large western and midwestern railroads They kept the walkout in force against the Chicago Rock Island and Pacific however and there have been threats that other unions also would declare strikes against the line The walkouts began June 25 over the mens demand for a 5 day week with the same pay they get for the present 6day week Chicago Great Western officials in Mason City Saturday said the first passenger trains to resume operation on the road would be the southbound a m on Sunday and the following north bound train at a m Nothing definite was available as to when operations on the Rock Island lines would be resumed in view of President Trumans seiz ure of the lines Gen Heileman to Direct R 1 Washington The army Saturday designated Maj Gen Frank A Heileman to direct op erations of the government seized Rock Island railroad Heileman is the army chief of transportation In a formal statement Army Secretary Pace said I rely on the cooperation of railroad labor and management and the public for only through the united efforts of all can the task be successfully performed I earnestly request all citizens to give their help The interests of the public will be fully protected by the army Every effort will be made to re sume full operations of this rail road Maximum care will be taken throughout to avoid any impair ment of normal services The army proposes to utilize the knowledge and experience of out standing civilian and military transportation experts ELECTED TO NEA Miss Esther Pagenhart Mason City high school instructor has been elected one of 11 vice pres idents of the National Education association according to an AP dispatch from St Louis where she has been attending the na tional assembly as a delegate of the High School and Junior Col lege teachers association Miss Pagenhart has been active in the NEA as advisory member member of the legislative com mission and election committee Says Army Wants to Build by Volunteers By JAMES MARROW Washington is an at tempt to explain what President Truman said on the draft Friday because a lot of men and their families may be uncertain about it Of course since the world situ ation is changing what is true to day may not be true next month No one can predict what changes a new week will bring and what e government will do then Two things the president did not say 1 He did not say draft boards will start drafting men now and 2 he did not say mem bers of the reserve will be called for duty What he did say in effect was his The armed forces need a ot more men maybe as much as 550000 more They want to get these men by the volunteer meth od if possible Must Get Men Somehow If enough volunteers dont come forward then the draft will start n order to make up the differ mce but not till then Just what kind of volunteers are needed The usual recruits without mil tary training needs to Draft HighJightr Washington Highlights of the draft law which Presi dent Truman put into operation Friday Any male with certain excep tions who has reached his 19th birthday and has not yet reached his 28th can be ordered into uniform and kept in service for 21 months Any member of the National Guard or the reserves can be called into active service for the same length of time The 1948 draft law did not permit the activation of reserves and National Guardsmen but congress gave that power to the president when it recently ex tended the law until July 9 1951 Every male must register with his local draft board as soon as he becomes 18 He cant be drafted for a year after that Exempted groups include min isters and ministerial students aliens who have not applied for citizenship mentally morally or physically unfit persons state and federal judges congress men and members of state legis latures and other officials elect ed by statewide vote conscien tious objectors sole surviv ing sons of families who al ready have lost a member in military service and war vet erans who served at least 90 days between Dec 7 1941 and Sept 12 1945 or at least 12 months between Sept 16 1940 and June 24 1948 Local draft boards may grant deferments to men who have de pendents or who are engaged in essential work but these defer ments can be revoked be vet erans and members of the re serve who have had special train ng in special fields of military work No draft is needed to call re serves to duty Under the new draft law they can be called any time the president thinks theyre needed If enough volunteer then he call may not be necessary Who can be drafted Only rpuths who have passed their 19th birthday but have not yet reached heir 26th Which means 19 hrough 25 No one younger or older can be drafted under pres ent law To raise or lower the age lim ts congress would have to change the law It could do so quickly in an emergency but heres no talk of doing that now Theres no indication it soon will necessary Under present law every youth vho reaches 18 must register with his local draft board although he This Paper ConsUtj ot Two No X3S Reds Mass Troops for Offense on West Front American Planes Take Big Toll of RussianBuilt Tanks as Air Opposition Dwindles By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American war planes reaped a heavy toll of Russian built North Korean tanks Friday as clear skies permitted air force and carrier based planes to range along the fight ing front and deep into communist territory with little op position Ground fighting ap cant be drafted until hes 19 An 18yearold could volunteer So could a youth whos passed 17 17 Is Youngest Seventeen is the youngest age for volunteering for service Any one that young must have his par ents consent Anyone 18 or old er can volunteer without paren tal consent If drafting becomes necessary anyone drafted under present law must serve 21 months But sup pose a man without military ex perience enlists How much time must he serve In the minimum of 3 years in the minimum of 4 years in the years in the air years But what of veterans and mem bers of the reserve Tf they vol unteer now how long must they serve Their period of enlist ment varies according to the branch of the service they join If drafting starts it will not be done by drawing numbers from a hat Selective service headquar ters here says draft boards will take first the men classified as 1A in the 25 to 26 age group A man classified 1A is con sidered most eligible for the draft For example Because hes physi cally fit and theres no other reas on such as dependents to defer him Grahl Gets Orders Boards Des Moines P Gen Charles H Grahl Iowa selective service director says he has re ceived orders to restore the Iowa local draft board system to the 1948 level The order received late Friday made no mention of calling up any Iowa registrants The state has about 20000 young men avail able now for immediate induc tion However if the nation should decide to call up 550000 men Iowas share would be about 11 000 it is estimated parently was confined to ex ploratory probing and patroling on both sides with the main op posing forces regrouping A high American official at U S headquarters in Korea said American planes had knocked out as many as 40 red tanks south of Suwon Other estimates were more conservative claiming only 20 as probably destroyed Gen eral MacArthur said American troops had captured a mammoth 60ton tank the largest Russian made tank yet seen in the Korean war South Koreas air force chief Brig Gen Kim Chung said his pilots flying Americansupplied Mustangs knocked out 2 tanks One pilot trained recently in Japan blasted a red tank Wednes day in a suicide crashdive Kim said 2 Jets Lost The Americanled air action met little opposition except from anti aircraft fire A veteran navy flier who led a carrier strike over North Korea July 34 told news men Friday the communists must be conserving their air power for desperation useCmdr Harvey P Lanham said the North Koreans had many planes neatly hidden away under netted revetments which could be discoyeredby low level fliers on strafing missions General MacArthurs communi que said 2 F80 jet planes were ly ground fire and the other in a forced landing after running out of fuel MacArthur estimated American combat casualties to date at 240 of which 192 are missing Many of the missing are expected to get back of the American lines later MacArthur Given Free Hand The United Nations with the support of 45 of its 59 members gave MacArthur a free hand to direct the Korean fighting and au thorized national forces to carry the blue and white UN flag into battle along with their own International via Apmy radio LT JOHN DOQLITTLE son of the Cjtcn Jimmy Doolittle who led the famous air raid on Tokyo in 1942 takes a bit of refresh ment somewhere in South Korea Lt Doolittle pilots a C46 supply plane Truman Names MacArthur as UN Chief Washington ff President Tru man Saturday named Gen Doug las MacArthur as commanding general of the United Nations forces in Korea Acting under a U N security council resolution Mr Truman also directed MacArthur to use the UNs blue and white flag along with the flags of the par ticipating nations in operation against communist troops o The security council at a meet ing at Lake Success N Y Fridaj authorized a unified command o U N forces under the United States The council asked the U S to name a supreme commander MacAfthur thus becomes the first military leader to commanc unified forces of the 59nation world organization Television receivers in cities somewhat remote from the trans mitters effect reception by erect ing aerials on high masts some even 100 feet NQftT KOREA SKOW fALLS Inchon rr SOWON TfoQPS IN COMSAT JULY 4 PRESENT SOUTH KOREA MAIN US SUPPLY PORT TSUSHIMA AFTER 2 WEEKS OF WAR highspots the Korean situation SSSw H fth North Koreans invasion southward across the 38th parallel Reds on basis of latest reports appear to have penetrated into an erea repreaentmg almost onethird of South Korea Chonan 60 miles south of the redSd South Korean capital of Seoul represented deepest penetration of South Korean de fenses as of midday Saturday All times given on map are U S time Chonan Falls to Northern Invaders Heavy American Equipment including Tanks Arrives Tokyo of the South Korean town of Chonan and a renewed American re treat before the North Ko rean invaders were reported Saturday by field dispatches This news by telephone from correspondents at the front came shortly after a To kyo headquarters communi que said the red drive had been curtailed but that the invaders were massing troops armor and artillery for a re newal of their offensive In a telephone report from the front 10 minutes later AP Correspondent O H P King said angry and weary can forward troops had re treated again Saturday King said th e redshad captured Ghonan a large town 60 miles south of Seoul for their deep est penetration yet The call over the 1 line used by both the army and all correspon dents was Interrupted before he could give details about Chonan Kings report on theAmer ican retreat gave no inkling of the numbers of men in volved but earlier dispatches had indicated they were rel atively small King said American equip ment had arrived arid fresh troops had reached the gen eral area lending encourage ment to American determina tion to reverse the trend and hurl the northerners back soon He said that as of 6 p m Saturday the Ameri can equipment had not yet gone into action however The equipment hemen tioned presumably included tanks which a Tokyo head quarters spokesman previous ly said had reached Korea but had not yet started fight ing King added that the invad ers had not followed the American retreat for its full distance but were using heavy artillery A headquarters communi que said between 40 and 50 North Korean tanks and heavy truck drawn artillery were reported north of Py ongtaek in the main west coast battle zone Between 40 and 60 enemy tanks supported by more than 1000 troops were reported crossing the Arisong river and heading ward toward Songhwan the an nouncement said Heavy Concentration It added aerial observation has disclosed a concentration of red troops and armor from Pyongtaek eastward to Wonju Supplies equipment and person nel were reported steadily flow ing from the north to the north west The announcement at p m a m CST added that ele ments of 2 North Korean divisions are in the vicinity of Wonju 20 miles north of Chungju a main highway intersection The continued buildup of North Korean forces in this area indicate a distinct possibility of a wide en velopment attempt to cut the main north south communication line possibly in the Taejbn area it said The communique said reports over the past 3 or 4 days indicate a steady buildup of enemy troops along the east coast Toward Pusan Troop and tank concentrations n this area which has been rela ively quiet since the outbreak of he Korean war suggest the fact hat preparations are under way br a tdrive in the Direction cf Pusan on the southeast coast is Koreas largest seaport and am port of entry for American upphes and ;