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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 8, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY COM THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Pna mid Dolled Full Leased FtnCaili Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 8 1944 NO REPORT REDS OPEN DRIVE ON SOUTH British Lash Ahead in Heavy Attack on Caen SMASH MAJOR OUTER DEFENSE OFNAZI ANCHOR Canadians Take 6 Towns as American Troops Take St Jean de Daye BULLETIN Supreme Headquarter Allied Expeditionary Force The British second army crashing for ward on a 7 mile front in the heaviest blow of the invasion has seized 8 towns guarding Caen and pushed tank spearheads within half a mile of the heart of that German hinge in eastern Nor mandy Jumping off before dawn with blinding artillery and air support tanks and BritishCanadian troops aided by flamethrowers cracked through the outer crust of Caens formidable defenses and by noon Saturday had advanced an aver erage depth of a mile headquar ters said although the nazi lines are the most heavilyheld of any attacked in this war One of the greatest battles of the war may develop within a few hours for Field Marshal Rommel has perhaps 1500 his dis posal in the Caen sector and is known for his quick and violent reactions to attack Caen guards the road to Paris By WES GALLAGHER Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary ish tanks and bayonets spear heading a powerful new offen sive against Caen smashed with in little more than a half mile of the heart ol that German anchor in eastern Normandy Sat urday and 6 towns fell to Brit ishCanadian forces which broke through the crust of Caens major outer defenses Simultaneously American of fensives captured St Jean DC Dayc in the center of the Nor mandy front and won 9 squari miles of hardfought ground neai the western hinge of the nazi de tensive line at La Haye Du Puits Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom ery sent his offensive forwan before dawn under a cnnopy o a blasting artillery barrage am planes and cracked through line termed by headquarters as mor heavilyheld than any attackei in this war Six stubbornlydefended town in an arc north of Caen th bastion barring the road to Pari engulfed in the first hours and a front dispatch sai tanks had thrust within 100 yards of the center of the city o 54000 population Herouville miles to the northwest was tak en and vanguards pushed on little closer to Caen as flame throwers cleaned out pillboxes The offensive hitting on a front nearly 5 miles wide hus broken through the crust of Caens major outer defenses a British staff officer in the field declared and the advance is going very satis factorily Americans to the west ex panded their push in the center of the line The twin allied of fensives were gaining ground against vigorous nazi resistance Associated Press Correspondent Don Whitehead reported the cap ture of St Jean in a dispatch from the scene and said American doughboys had reached solid fight ing ground after a push through marshlands east of St Jean across the Vire river and across Et Taute canal to the north By noon they had straddled the road running from St Jean to St Lo 8 miles south and had cut the lateral eastwest road just south of St Jean American tanks were thrown into the assault across the river and the canal Southeast of LaHaye Du Puits another advancing American col umn liberated 9 square miles o French territory in the C h e r bourg peninsula German defenses at Galmanche Ia Bijadc and Lcbiscy from 2 to 3 miles directly north of Caen fell quickly after Gen Bernard L Montgomery loosed his attack with a typical Monty barrage on a front more than 3 miles wide Fleets of fighter and medium bombers pounded German de fenses ahead of the advancing troops as Montgomery put in a power smash to crack the densely packed German front where the supreme command announced Field Marshal Gen Erwin Rommel Puts Courts Summons Order on Buoy Marking Sinking qf Motorship Chicago IP Joseph Tobin chief deputy U S marshal rowed out to a buoy in Lake Michigan marking the sinking of the motor ship Material Service and at tached a court summons order in a special waterproof container The motorship foundered 8 years ago with the loss of 15 crew members The court summons was at tached in accordance with a lib eral action filed in federal court nder admiralty laws in behalf the owners of mortgage ainst the motorship asking for court sale of the boat 1000 GREEKS SLAUGHTERED Nazi Massacre in Village Is Disclosed Izmir Turkey July 7 De ayed fP Copies of a Greek uppet government communique vhich reached here Friday said hat the nazis on June 10 slaugh ered more than 1000 residents of he Greek village of Distomo in cold blooded reprisal compar ble to that carried out at the Czechoslovak town of Lidice The communique said that not even babies in arms were spared and the massacre was crowned by the burning of the village fa miliar to many American tour The killing wascarried out by he nazis as revenge for the death of 30 German soldiers in a battle vith the Earn and Andarts re sistance groups near the village Later reports said that in the afternoon of the day following he Andarts skirmish with the Herman patrol storm troops put a cordon around the village and roopers worked towards the cen er of the village herding before Lhem everyone they could find including mothers holding babies The report said They were rounded up within a square facing machinegun posts and troopers with submachine guns When over 1000 ol the vil lagers were assembled in a moan ing praying mass the nazis opened up heavy point blank fire Tommy gunners cut loose on those trying to flee and when all the victims had fallen the troop ers went among them pistolling those who were still alive and stamping the life from babies mothers and fathers had protected with their own bodies The Germans then fired the village The Red Cross wasnt al lowed to approach Distomo until 4 days after the massacre when the rescuers found only a handful of fearcrazed chil dren roaming the nearby woods Nazi Chiefs May Revise Defense Plan At the German Frontier Germanys military leaders have been holding the most serious dis cussions with Adolph Hitler on the reichs critical military situation and a complete revision of defense plans may be made before the end of the month The conferences with Hitler re ported through trustworthy in formants began early this week were said to be comparable will the kaisers famous grand counci in August 1918 when it was de cided that the war could not b won but that all was not yet los and that bitter fighting might ye bring an acceptable peace Reports originating from th German frontier even though sifted for truktworthiness oftei are inspired by German sources Reports suggesting that the Ger mans are at the point of makin peace feelers may have been de liberately planted with the pui pose of creating n feeling of over confidence in allied countries similar technique has been use by Berlin before The major point of debate among eastern western and Italian front commanders of German forces is reported toconcern their varying requirements and whether it would be best to withdraw from Norway and the Balkans to avoid the risk of losing nowidle troops who might better be concentrated for the homeland defense No final decision apparently has been reached but information considered trustworthy indicated the 1 Marshal Erwin Rommel won a pointin his demands to throw more forces into the Normandy front for the rest of this month in a drive to inflict the heaviest NOSUPERFORTS LOST BASES IN CHINA ALSO HIT 5 Major Jap Centers Blasted in Raid by Huge U S Bombers Washington S B29 Su perfortresses which struck 5 Japa nese naval industrial and military nerve centers in Japan and China Friday night have returned to their bases without loss of any plunes a 20lh air force commun ique reported Saturday In addition to hitting vital tar gets in Nippons homeland in their second strategic mission the big bombers attacked the Japanese supply bases of Laoyao and Han kow in China The Japanese targets are on the highly industrialized northern end of Kyushu southernmost of the principal home islands The targets in China are re garded as important to the enemys extended supply lines for his ground troops push against the Chinese Expect More Arrests in Circus Fire Hartford Conn death toll in the nations greatest circus disaster counted 152 men women and children Saturday as authori ties pressed swiftly with an an nounced determination to fix re sponsibility if any for the tragic loss of Although scores of performers workers and spectators already have been questioned and 5 per sons charged with manslaughter various investigating ageucies sought out still others to tell their versions of Thursdays blazing in ferno in the Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey big top The intention of investigators to attempt to fix responsibility as well as determine the cause was announced by States Attorney Hugh M Alcorn Jr in a formal statement in which lie said addi tional arrests probably would be made after an adjourned fire marshals hearing and a coroners inquest All persons connected with the circus were ordered to remain available pending the inquest sot for Tuesday Alcorn declared it appeared from the preliminary inquiries Daid No Property Tax or House in 30 Years Joliet 111 Property tax las been the least of Herman VIetzs worries for many years City authorities recently found Vletzs home was built in the cen er of what once was intended to be a city street but was never constructed Metz hasnt been sent a tax bill because the property has not been listed on the tax books since the house was built 30 years ago possible losses on the allies 2 IMarshal Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedl German com mander in the west stepped out as the first error man in the in vasion because he refused to throw every available force against the Normandy beachhead at the beginning 3 The necessity of maintaining crack divisions on the western front makes it extremely difficult to throw fresh troops into the eastern battle against young anc rested Russians but it is hoped to make a stand in the east by the end of the month probably be hind the Wista Vistula 4 Voluntary evacuation of Po land and East Prussia by civilians and families of German civil servants has been in progress for the past 10 days Construction of huge refugee camps in eastern and southern Germany was or dered to cope with the increasing flow 5 Eastern commanders are wor ried by withdrawals in Italy en dangering their positions on the southern wing of the Russian front 6 Rundstedfs withdrawal cer tainly and very probably also tne death of Gen Eduard Dietl the German commander in Finland are outward signs of storm A story unconfirmed but cred ited by foreign diplomats in Ger many is that Dietl carried an important document concerning military plans and was enroute tc see Hitler when his plane crashec in Austria killing him This story is that from the wreckage of the burned plane aV papers except the document were found and that the crash was due to sabotage by an antiarmy clique or by enemies within the army seeking to learn the con tents of the paper The communique summarizing the results of the new attack by the huge bombers which returned to their bases without loss said that the targets were Sasebo a big naval base war plants at Ya wata and Omura both on Kyuhu and Laoyao a shipping port on the China coast north of Hang chow and Hankow 450 miles in and on the Yangtze river The superfortresses encountered only very weak fighter opposition and light antiaircraft fire The communique said that an earlier report that Tobata across the river from Yawata had been hit was in error The text of communique No 5 Damage to all targets was re ported by the returned flyers of Fri daysi2 command B29 mission which struck at ob jectives on the Japanese island of Kyushu and the coast of occupied China Naval installations at Sasebo received the heaviest bomb load Also attacked were vital war in dustries at Yawata and Omura both on Kyushu island and port facilities at Laoyao a coal and supply shipping port on the north China coast and Hankow on the Yangtze river a principal supply base for Japanese operations in eastern China An earlier report that Tobata Japan was a target was in error All our aircraft returned safely to their bases Very weak fighter opposition and meager antiair raft fire were encountered The communique did not make lear whether the two targets in hina were attacked by the mis ion while it was outbound from ts China base or whether the 2 ities were hit on the return flight here also was the possibility that art of the mission was diverted attend to the Z enemy China owns Sasebo a naval base comparable o Norfolk or Bremerton is one of Japanese naval district head juarters and a primary repair for the battered ships of the eluctant enemy fleet that there was inadequate fire fighting equipment on the circus grounds manned by inadequate personnel There is also in our possession he added in the statement infor mation that the tent itself had been in use only since the road show started this season and that it had been treated with paraffin which was diluted with gasoline making the entire tent highly in flammable Insurance Commissioner W El lery Allyn also stepped into the inquiry with an announcement that his department was looking into the public liability insurance coverage on the circus The amount of damage has not been determined but the circus1 Insurance brokers announced at Sarasota Fla Fridaynight that the loss was fully covered Members of the firm of Ludwig and Walpole said the coverage in cluded fire and liability and that excess coverage was carried by Lloyds of London As the investigators proceeded the ordeal of trying to identify burned and chaired bodies neared an end for relatives and friends At the state armory converted into a temporary morgue officials announced that all but 15 of the 127 bodies taken there had been identified Medical science meanwhile em ployed every known device in an effort to save the lives of the 225 FIND JAP WOMEN CHILDREN IN S marines on patrol on found this family of Japs hiding in a hillside cave The mother 4 children and a dog occupied the hole Yanks moved civilian prisoners to safety ol beach area Associated Press wircphoto from marine corps Kayenay engraving Trapped Japs Still Fight From Caves on Saipan Isle has concentrated more troops to the square mile than in any battle in this war The British were advancing with the river Orne on their left flank It was the first big attack by the second army since the Canadians moved into Carpiquet last week The offensive was launched against German forces already dazed from a terrific night bomb ing assault by British bombers which saturated the area with 2 500 tons of explosives The first phase has grone welt said an advanced headquarters spokesman to Roger D Greene Associated Press correspondent with the British army before Caen The American offensive on the west had virtually surrounded the German defense anchor La Haye du Puits The bridgehead over the Virc river was expand ed to 1 mile in width and 2 miles deep Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday Coole Saturday night Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday aft ernoon and Saturday night be coming fair and cool Sunday Minnesota Fair Saturday nigh and Sunday Cooler Saturday night and in southeast and ex treme south portionsMonday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 83 Minimum Friday night 68 At 8 a m Saturday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum R4 Minimum 57 injured A shipment of penicillin was expected to arrive today for treatment of persons who failed to respond to sulfa drugs By RICHARD W JOHNSTON The Combined Allied Press Aboard Joint Expeditionary Force Flagship Off Saipan Via Navy Japanese soldiers on Saipan still lought bitterly from the caves of Marpi point Saturday but Jap civilians sick tired and POWERFUL RED TROOPS POUND WILNO DEFENSE Germans Withdraw From Baranowicze on Main Railway Route BULLETIN London army troops have captured nearly midway between Berlin and Moscow Premier Marshal Stalin announced Saturday London A1 German military commentators said Saturday that the Russians had launched a new otfensive on a wide front at the approaches to the Carpathians east of Lwow and west Kowel the area skirting the Czecho slovak border Five soviet rifle divisions and a tank corps had been thrown against German positions in a bid to breach the lines of the Ger mans southern wing Ernst von Hammer said in a Berlin broad cast The German high command an nounced abandonment Barano wicze to the north in oil nearly midway between Berlin and reported the Russians still farther north were fighting in the outskirts ol Wilno Vilna 100 miles from East Prussia Baratiowicze is a stronghold on main rail and highway route and its fall opened the way for drives o Biilystok and Warsaw 220 miles beyond Here the Rus sians were 530 miles from Berlin itself and 490 miles from oncebe sieged Moscow Fall of Baranowicze breached the secondary nnzi defense line running from Wilno 110 miles to downadesignatedroad into our Yawata hit before by the B29 upcrbombcrs on June 15 is The ittsburgh of Japan source of onefifth the enemys critical teel production The dramatic and successful as sault on the Japanese mainland announced in communiques of the 20th air force headquarters in Washington occurred on the 7th anniversary of the Marco Polo Bridge incident at Peiping which 3egan Japans long war with The first announcement came apparently while the Superfort resses were over their one enemy broadcast hours later complained plaintively that the American radio was announcing the attack while the bombs fell In the early hours of Saturday morning Washington the Superfortresses had returned to their bases in China and Gen H H Arnolds headquarters was able to announce that not one had been lost Four of the huge bombers had been lost on the July 15 1 to antiaircraft fire over the target Z in landing accidents and I unaccounted for The successful attack oE Friday night was the second Superfortress mission against the Japanese homeland and the 3rd American air attack on the islands The 1st was the Tokyo raid by 16 me dium bombers under Lt now Lt H Doolittle on April 18 1942 when Tokyo and other industrial cities on the Island of Honshu were hit REMOVE BODIES FROM TRAIN Reports Indicate Toll in Gorge May Be 28 Jeilico Tenn con fused facts of a tragic troop train derailment in the north Tennes see mountain country 12 miles north of hero Thursday night were Etill locked Saturday in the twisted steel coaches that plunged into a canyonlike ravine tak ing at least 19 lives The official death toll as re leased by an army public rela tions officer Friday night stood at 17 servicemen and 2 trainmen but Jeilico Police Chief Hubert Perkins told the United Press that approximately 20 bodies had been removed from the debris and that 9 others had been sighted but not yet extricated Sightseers were barred Friday night from the scene the trag forested gorge split by a mountain stream and rimmed by 150foot cliffsteep the area was under constant pa trol military police An estimated 1000 spldiers just through with basic training were on the train when the engine and 6 coaches jumped the tracks on a curve Ninetytwo passengers were hospitalized and about 12 others were given emergency first aid and released the army said lines a procession which eventually will lead to Tokyo They were the vanguard of the Japanese peo ple capable of recognizing de feat and not imbued with the bushido spirit of immolation They were people who though halfdead still wanted to live The response to our invitation to surrender distributed by leaf lets surprised military leaders who feared many Jap civilians would either elect or be forced to remain with the enemy troops in the constantly diminishing area of the northern tip of he island While civilians of all ages and sexes were moving down a special ly designated road on which it was forbidden to fire elsewhere the remnants of the Japanese defend ers attempted a hopeless desper Tinun under cover of darkness vere discovered by our troops While our ships near Saipan vere blacked out during an enemy nirraid the barges began to move out Our artillery fire blew them out of the water Army and marine units thus far lave buried 8914 Japanese sol diers and that by no means repre sents all that have been killed Many Japanese bodies still are in side caves and others are strewn over rocky cliffs and jungles where they have escaped the no tice of burial parlies ate counterattack not unlike those nt Attu and Makin Hundreds of enemy soldiers died in an assault against U S army lines and those penetrating safely were mopped up in cane fields and ditches along the west ern coast From a series of observation points it is possible for our troops to see the Marpi Point airstripThis airstrip has been the object o frantic night aerial activity for days it xvas believed the Japa nese are making desperate efforts to land at Icnst one or two planes there to evacuate highranking of ficers Another Japanese escape effor was foiled when barges launched from the northwest coast appar ently in the hope of sneaking to Drill Sent Toward Entombed Coal Miners Bellalre Ohio rescue crew working at high speed sent a drill biting down deeper Satur day into the earth in an effort to open a 9iiiLh shaft to GG miners entombed and presumed dead in a section of the burning Powhalan coal mine near here The work on drilling theQinch shaft began Friday night and by morning it had been driven down 120 feet in what company officials said was satisfactory progress As the shaft goes deeper however the rate of progress will slov the northwest to Pinsk 70 miles to the south and flanked that for tress town in the Pripet marshes The nazi command admitted the soviets had punched to the out skirts of Wilno declaring tank supported assaults 011 the eastern fringe of the city had been re pulsed Powerful red armies had ham mered 217 miles in 17 days from Orsha to Wilno Front dispatches reaching Moscow said the Soviets were within sight of the city Three soviet columns vere striking at the heart ol Wilno guarding the pathway to East Prussia and Berlin broadcasts tacitly acknowledged the growing Russian threat to smash through in the Baltic states and into East Prussia itself Another German report said the nazis were withdrawing to the Bug river west of fallen Kowel 150 miles southwest of Barano wicze shortening their line along the natural barrier guarding the approaches to Warsaw DIES IN WATERLOO Waterloo Margie Bccm 83 widow of John Becm former member oC the state legis lature and a municipal court judge died Friday Survivors in clude a son and 2 grandchildren Bcem died 15 years ago Kay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Gives I to Each Departing Inductee Silver Spring Md help keep draftees from leaving for the army with empty pockets Hussell Mizell has been giving a dollar bill to each man inducted by Montgomery county board No 2 His payments hit the mark Saturday with a dollar to his son Fred who has 2 brothers in the service WHERE RUSSIANS THREATEN SUPPLY rows locate red army drives including advances toward the RigaWarsaw railway behind notched line which forms the major German supply route to her armies in the Baltic states Ringed cities are principal objectives of the Rus sian offensive Shaded area is Germanheld Spearheads Aimed at Wilnos Heart Moscow Ivan Cher niakhovsk Saturday aimed 3 strong spearheads of cavalry and tanks at tlie heart of Wilno Vil while inside tKe city its Ger man garrison gathered for the de fense of the gateway to East Prus sia less than 100 miles away Front dispatches said the golden domes of the ancient cathedrals of Saint Slanislaw and St Nicholas glistened in the sun standing on the knot of hills that make up Wilno within sight of the red army drawing up on the citys perhaps by now in side it DNB quoted Col Ernst von Hammer a German commentator as saying that up to Friday night nazi troops managed to repulse all soviet attacks on Wilno or hold them on the citys outskirts A German report said the nazis were withdrawing to the Bug river west Kowel at the south end of the 350mile long fighting front shortening their defensc line along the natural barrier guarding the approaches to Warsaw Northeast of Wilno Russian col umns captured the village of Kcmelishki only 10 miles from the important railway that runs between Wilno and Daugavpils Dvinsk The Russians were making 3 drives on Wilno One came from the direction of captured Bistrilza 22 miles to the northeast Here the Russians have crossed the river Viliya the last natural barrier before the Lithuanian capital The 2nd rolled down the Minsk Wilno railway from the vicinity of captured Ostrovets 25 miles to the west and had liberated Gud ogaie about 5 miles southeast ol Ostrovets The 3rd was down the Minsk Wilno highway from the direction of captured Oshmyana 29 miles to the southeast Still stunned from the blows re ceived in the powerful red army ;