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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 8, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES 5 KOINES A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PBSSS UNTTK LEASED WWES MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 0948 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 233 RESERVES PUSH KURSK ATTACK More Yanks Land Near Munda in Assault Against Jap Base ADVANCE MADE Heavy Nazi DV UFUI Piiiurt knip Losses BY IftW faUINtA Pointed Out JUNGLE TROOPS Disclose 9 and Perhaps 1 1 Jap Warships Sunk in Kula Gulf Battle ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA United States jungle fighters battled Thursday within six miles oi the Japanese air base of Muncia from two new landing points on New Georgia is land in the central Solomons area where the enemys hold lias been weakened by a crushing naval defeat The new landings were dis closed Thursday by Gen Doug las MacArthur In a communique which also contained the news that in the warship engagement during the darkness of July 5 6 above Munda in the Kula gulf Jeast nine and possibly 11 Japanese cruisers and destroy ers were sunk against the loss of the cruiser S S Helena A dispatch quoting sources at the South Pacific headquarters of Admiral William F Halsey said no other American warship even sustained damage in the engage ment and that most of the more 800 reported aboard against Japan at of the TOOrmile arc as well Genera MacArthur announced that in the jungle fight oh the approaches to the Japanese air base of Sala maua New Guinea Australian troops captured Observation Hill between Salamaua and Mubo aft er its Japanese defenders had been killed or demoralized by 106 tons of bombs dropped in less than 45 minutes The new landings which in creased the peril to Munda were made Monday Thursdays com munique disclosed After Ameri can warships in the Kula gulf had shelled Mundas supply base at Bairoko anchorage before dawn Monday the troops swarmed ashore at Rice anchorage four miles northeast of Bairoko Thai landing point is above Munda Monday night other Ameri can forces stormed ashore at Zanana six miles east of Mun da They fanned out in patrols and lalest reports were that some of them were fighting the Japanese alone the Barike riv er It was oefore dawn the fol lowing morning that American warships made contact in the 190 the number Ell cnc7 as expended trying to wrest mastery of the skies over the central Solomons from the latest landing operations with a au Japanese cruiserdestroyer force the central The surprised enemy was struck Americans swift and telling blows by the Ont nf iht CTIiiic nf mi mii Will UI LONDON of 1 000000 tons of axis shipping has been sunk or damaged seriously since the allied occupation of North Africa Dingle M Fool parliamentary secretary of the ministry of economic warfare told commons Thursday Opening a debate on the work the ministry Foot placed ton nage sunk at 700000 and that damaged severely at 300000 Germanys tonnage no doubt has been reduced to the bare minimum needed to meet most essential military and economic requirements Foot said AIR OPPOSITION Kins OVER SICILY ON to Llft REDUCED SCALE requirements toot said J uavy Dommngs ot air Though a certain number of fields aild other military targets blockade runners passed between ll was announced officially Thurs nnH thn Gay Germany and Japan in the spring and summer of last year he said this traffic has been brought virtually to a standstill He estimated that the axis lias lost at sea in the last 12 months not less than 30000 tons of rub ber 5000 tons of tin 25000 tons of edible oils and smaller but not less important quantities of tung sten and quinine Japan lost heavy machinery machine tools and other essential industrial equipment Foot re ported Recent information indicates that the Germans are moving all possible equipment from the bombspattered Ruhr valley which produced onethird to two fifths of all German arms Foot said tire group it related Three or possibly four enemy cruisers were then taken under fire All were either sunk or afire within 15 minutes One was beached Later while the cruiser Helenas survivors were being rescued our destroyers intercepted and sank two of three enemy ships attempting to escape from the gulf and damaged the third The dispatch from Admiral Halseys headquarters said Amer ican warships trapped a nu merically superior enemy force in the narrow gulf at close range and forced him to Previously General MacArthurs headquarters had listed thc ene mys Kula gulf losses as six ships probably aged sunk and four dam While American corsair fight ers were in the air Wednesday patrolling above Rendova island which we seized June 30 within artillery shelling distance of Munda and over our landing forces at Zanana they encount ered Japanese bombers escorted by 58 zeros The resultant dog fights increased to approximate guns of our warships Thursdays communique said the first phase of the en gagement four or five hostile de stroyers were struck by smashing latest force ot raiders the corsairs shot down three bombers and nine zeros at a cost of only one of their own Thc communique Thursday did not make clear whether thc raid nut maKe clear whether thc raid bioadsides that within five succeeded in breaking NEW GEORGIA VaMi IN KULA GULFThe naw disclosed that U S warships had inflicted considerable damage on Japanese naval units in Kula gulf A off New Georgia island The gulf links pointers Japanese bases at Vila Bairoko and Munda Flags indicate Japanese bases and places where Americans have landed Relentless Assault Against Axis Airfields Continued by Allies ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA re lentless allied air assault against Sicily and Sardinia went through its fifth consecutive day Wednes day with heavy bombings of air day Enemy fighter opposition was reported to have been on a re duced scale but nevertheless allied fighters shot down 10 axis planes for a loss of five of their own if if if Gcrbini in eastern Sicily scene of a titanic air battle between American Hying fortresses and more than 100 enemy planes on Monday was battered 19 more times Wednesday by fortresses Mitchells and marauders and they did not encounter a single enemy aircraft American fighters es corting RAF Baltimore bombers in a raid on Borizzo ill western Sicily gained six of the days 10 Victories They hovered over Bor gzo airiieldx lor ajiipst an hour Wttilerall ofwestern1 felt some of the weight of the bom even wenl down to strafe isolated military targets in the great network of airfields in ami around Gcrbini was the main theater of allied operations Following the day raids RAF Wellington bombers carried the assault into the night with at tacks on Palermo and Sciacco They dropped a great weight of bombs on the railway yards at Palermo and left large fires raging Returning crews reported the weakness of ground fire over Pal ermo indicated thai the defenders were being swamped by the uh ccnsing slorm jo explosives and incendiaries Nineteen times within 24 hours formalions of allied planes were in the sky over Gerbini Bombs fell in layers They tore up run ways on all of Gerbinis 10 air dromes smashed revetments and ploughed dispersal areas with explosive and fragmentaticu bombs Claim Outlaw Miners Help Close Dozen Coal Pits in Pennsylvania PITTSBUPtGlf IP Roving pickets accompanied by women ranged the rolling plains of south western Pennsylvanias coal fields Thursday helping close more than a dozen steel captive mines WASHINGTON house agriculture committee by a 9 to 6 vote Thursday killed a senate npprovecl measure lifting the com ceiling price from SI07 to S140 a bushel Chicago basis The committee however de cided to meet again later to dis cuss alternative legislation or other means of dealing with the emergency corn situation without congress going so far as to set a pncc for a single commodity The senate bill was tabled after the house group heard tes timony by Marvin Jones the new ivar food administrator in executive session Rercsentalivc Hope ranking majority member said we do not want to go away with out doing something to solve this problem We do not want to leave j110 footi actministrations hands There was some suggestion among the committee members that congress in event of a lifting of the present ceiling of might authorize a reimbursement of farmers in the amount of the difference between the figure at which they have sold corn since April 14 and any new ceiling price Mope emphasized that if the food administration and the office of price administra tion decided that an increase in necexury rmerr shoatd reimbursement since Chester GIRAUD ARRIVES IN WASHINGTONCane in hand Gen Henri mander of French forces in North Africa and cochairman o the from thc by Admiral WiUilun comm M crrr MARTINIQUE IS GIVEN STUDY Giraud in Washington on Military Mission HARRY HAKES BODY IS FOUND Was Reported One of Richest Men in World NASSAU Bahamas Sir Harry Oakcs one of the richest men in thc world died at his home here Wednesday night The body was found Thursday morning and officials immediate ly launched an investigation At Miami Fla he Daily News said Detective Capt James J Ba ker and Capt E W Melchcn of the been companyowned ivhose output is vitally needed lo keep the slecl mills running v muttc rt Ljitusti aociul 10000 workers idle stem homicide squad had d lo Nassau Tht ona secret Oakes who was made a British a Niagara Falls Ontario London Palm Beach and Nassau Buy War Bonds and med from what John P Busarcllo president of the Pittsburgh district a of thc united mine workers termed an outlaw gathering of outlaw miners at Brownsville Bonds and fa as all of thc nations other Stamps from your GlobeGazette miners were ending a walkout that carrier boy began June 20 Signs Indicate Job of Righting Normandie Is Near Completion NEW YORK one time French super liner Normandie may yet get in the a troop carrier for thc united nations Construction of an observation platform and the tearing down of work shacks on the side of the partly submerged hull gave indi cation that the job of righting her of the greatest marine sal vage operations in nearing completion Workmen were under orders to have the 400foot observation platform from which the righting will be watched by naval and other officials July 15 completed by Weather Report FORKCAST MASON CITY Warmer Thursday night and Friday forenoon Not much change in temperature Thursday afternoon and night IOWA Slight tendency to warmer west portion Thursday night and entire stale Friday fore noon MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 84 Minimum Wednesday night 57 At 8 a m Thursday 73 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 153 C Davis former food admiriis tralor in setting Ihe 107 ceil in on April 14 stated that there would be no further increase in the maximum corn price in the present crop year ai Represenlalive Flannigan DFrance Martinique in which told newspaper men there crowds of 15000 persons demanded were some signs of an easement a break with Vichy and an alliance m the grain situation pointing out with tno United States were re tnat some corn now is being rePorted in a dispatch from Port of leased from the markets and that Spain Trinidad Thursday 12000000 to 13000000 bushels of The demonstrators favoring barley and oats tne Fighting French Leader Gen were expected soon from Canada Committeemen opposing the senate bill said that if thc legis lation had been sent to the white house President Roosevelt would nave vetoed it Butter Payments Is Permitted in Bill to administration threats ofavetothesenate in troubled Martinique was one of oncd by a3l to 33 vote Thursday tne prime subjects up for discus a loeixlitivc nmhihitinr nmt sion Thursday between Washing ton officials and Gen Henri Honoro Giraud cochairman of liberation at Fortde eral Charles De Gaulle were re ported lo have iaken possession of Ihe streets of FortdeFrancc for two Giraud Ihe all brisk soldier who escaped from a German prison camp to command French norlh African forces in the fight against the axis is in Washing ton as the governments guest on a military mission He ar rived late Wednesday Enroute fron Algiers Giraud stopped at San Juan Puerto Hico where he was able to learn from Vice Admiral John H Hoover U S commander of Caribbean de fenses of the offer by Admiral Georges Robert Vichy French high commissioner at Martinique to negotiate a change of authority Hoover surveyed he situation with Robert last week and report ed to Washington Thc Algiers committee which Giraud heads jointly with De Gaulle has invested Henri Eticnne Hoppenol Cirauds diplomatic repiesenlalive in Washington with extraordinary powers to negotiate withRobert As he left the while house after visiting President Roose velt Wednesday afternoon Gj raud said he had a magnificent jump across the ocean Asked if he had stopped at Martinique as well as San Juan Giraud an swered no no no Diplomatic discussions with General Giraud seemed to be pre cluded The state department re frained from taking any part in his reception although he was ex pected to visit Secretary Hull as a matter of courtesy It was presumed here that Gi raud in his capacity as comman der of thc armed forces would discuss plans for the expected in vasion of Europe with President Roosevelt Gen George C Mar shall army chief of staff and other high American officials First Lady at Dude Ranch for Vacation RENO ISev Dore Wood v j eiciiivnai Wj owner of the tumbling DW dude sidyrollback R T MrS Roosevelt has arrived at the ranch friends carrier toy Senate Abandons Legislative Ban on Food Price Subsidies Continuance of Meat legislalive prohibition against thc payment or food price sub On the vote the senate in modified version of a houseap proved bill extending the life of the Commodity Credit corpora tion for six months and enlarging its borrowing power from 52650 000000 to 000 000 The action cleared the way for formal approval of the modi fied house hill the senate no mention of subsidies and thus permits continuance of the pres sent meatbutter payments Thc senate had voted to prohibit government payments to proces sors to cut the retail price on such foods as meal and butter Before thc senate acted Senator Maloney D Conn told his col leagues lhat if they persisted in retaining the prohibition against roll back subsidies the bill would face a certain veto by President Roosevelt The president previ ously vetoed a similar bill Senator George D Ca corn mcnled he thought Ihe congress is traveling a long way from rep resentative government if a ma jority allowed a presklenlial veto to force it td acquiesce in subsidies against its will Thc American people will cer tainly ask in 19M who dic tates the policies of this govern ment he said Arc they dedi cated by the people through the votes of their representatives here or arc hey dictalcd by oulsidc agencies Barkley DKy told reporl crs a proposal to insert in Ihe bill a policy declaration pul tins concress on record as op Posed lo subsidies lo roll back food prices had been re jected unanimously by the con ferees He said house members had steadfastly refused to ac cept any part of the senate ver sion which would piace a speci fic ban on such payments SNITE SUFFERS HEARTApJK Passes Crisis But Is in Exhausted Condition CHICAGO B Snile Jr who has lived for seven years in an iron lung waged a new bat tle for his life Thursday after suf fering a heart attack Snitc 32 an infantile paralysis victim was stricken by the heart attack a week ago his family dis closed Snite Thursday apparently had passed the crisis but was ex hausled physicians said His fath er Fred Snite Si revealed for the first time that it was the fifth heart attack his son had suffered since 1841 Dr Edward L Compere Suits physician said Snitc suffered failure of Ihu right side of the heart which is especially serious in cases of paralysis Suite was stricken with infan tile paralysis while in China Since then he has been confined to an iron lung except for short intervals He travels in a special railway car which accommodates the lung He was married in 1339 to Teresa Larkin Dayton They have a daughter Teresa Marie born ir September irnfl and are expect ing a second child in August ORIVETAPT FROMMENGTING Chinese Start Foe on General Retreat CHUNGKING li i n e s c troops have driven the Japanese from Mengting a BurmaYunnan province border town which the invaders occupied a week ago and started them on a general retreat westward a high command com munique said Thursday Several hundred casualties were reported inflicted in a brisk Chi T i nesc counterattack begun last Sat Lcgislators said adoption of the urday house bill would leave the ad Japanese are being rounded up while re treating troops were waylaid an attacked by Chinese forces tj communique said ministrations subsidy program in exactly thc same situation it now is with subsidies bcng provided for meats and bullcr roll backs without specific congressional nu thority for such action J The administration contends the lOWan Wfin Hrnup price control act authorized such luvvclu uo LTOVC payments but opponents have charged they are Conferees said thc decision may mean a postponement of the con gressional wrangle over the sub n vacaon n mSeptember he n Hnd agrccs to recede from its program until return from a sum vacation in midSeptember standand there were c jSSSSSiS fall Texas Loses Gas for 2000 Miles of Driving INDIANOLA Warren county rationing oard has dered forfeiture by a motorist ul sufficient gasoline rationing coupons lo drive 2000 miles Board members said he drove lo Texas after an npplicalion of extra gasoline for thc trip had been turned down IDS DECLARE 30000 OF FOE SLAIN IN 3 DAYS Germans Assert 862 Soviet Tanks Destroyed in Blazing Battles MOSCOW nazi re serves were reported pushing through smoke and dust along paths marked by wrecked ma chines and the dead Wednesday lo bolster the Kursk plains offensive which the red army fighting more brilliantly than ever before has limited to small gains in the Bel gorod sector V Russian forces slew 30000 Germans destroyed or damaged 1539 tanks and shot down 649 planes during the first three days of the battle it was an nounced officially A DNB dispatch subsequently Broadcast from Berlin and rcc jrdecl by the Associated Press de clared tiiat the Germans had de stroyed 862 soviet tanks and 817 aircraft in the last three days i unifications of the Belgorod area were overcome in great depth and the Russians southeast of Ore were thrown back on their own mine fields the propaganda agency said Nazi air force squadrons are at tached constantly to the invasion armored columns under a now German plan of attack by which Hitlers high command hopes to pmch off the fiOmile deep soviet salient extending westward from Kursk Thc immediate assignment of the Germans obviously is to at tempt to push north from Belgorod and south from Orel 165 miles 1L a somewhere behind Russianheld rail city declared itf a radio broadcast that tank battles Wednesday in the area of Belgorod and south of Orel were the greatest ever fought on Ihe eastern Soviet dispatches said Ihe Germans were finding their ob jectives packed with red army men determined to fieht to the death rather than give an inch The red air force was declared to be at Jeast an equal foot ins with that of the Germans A fransoceaii dispatch broad cast by thc Berlin radio said air forces were used on bolh sides in masses hardly ever witnessed be fore and that both Germans and Russians are now employing tanks in unexampled numbers The broadcast was recorded by the Associated Press The German high command communique afso broadcast from Berlin declared army units ar tillery fighterbombers and tacti cal air forces destroyed more than 400 soviet tanks and 193 planes Wednesday The strength ot Russian forces is so great according to soviet dispatches that even where the Germans succeed in penetrating soviet positions they have been unable to consolidate for long Soviet counterattacks have served to throw thc shock troops off bal ance The Russians declared flatly I hiil Belgorod was the only area in which the Germans made any advances and these were limited to regions where good roads and vast stretches of open fields handicapped the defense Directly behind the Russian soldiers arc helping pea sants bring in the harvest To the Russians victory in the grain fields is as important as that on Ihe battlefields They have men to spare for bolh Near Belgorod said a special communique issued Thursday morning the concentrated Ger man strength has succeeded in driving a wedge to an insignifi cant distance into our defenses cmeloping several villages at a cost of tremendous losses In a DNLi broadcast a German propaganda agency thc inlerna tional information bureau as lc scried the nazi forces had de stroyed 400 soviet lank and knocked down 193 planes in Ihe Belsorod and Orel sectors The broadcast recordedby the Asso ciated Press also said that deeply echeloned Russian positions had been While thc German losses in men and material were regarded here as the greatest single blow ever inflicted upon the German war jr machine the Russians warned of against undue optimism It would be wrong for us to underestimate the strength of the lo German troops conducting the biz offensive said the communique forces here are great Today it is too early to formulate ;