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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 8, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CCiVP t or A 0 A R C H I I J N C S 1 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATE PUESS AND Plgg LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 8 1942 THIS PAPEU CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE CLAIM NAZIS HURLED BACK AT DON Tryto Weaken Rommel Forces AIR BLOWS ARE GIVEN TO NAZIS IN DESERT WAR Both Sides SUb With Patrols to Test Out Oppositions Strength CAIRO British air blows and harrying patro stabs against the axis forces botl aimed at wearing down the enemys power in the still unde cided battle at the threshold o the Nile were reported by the British Wednesday Still however there were no major attacks on either side and both forces evidently were stabbing to test out the opposi tion and savins their heavy punches for a decisive battle that might he joined at any time W A British headquarters bulletin said that patrols operating neai the coastal end of the line de stroyed some axis tanks Tuesday and took a few prisoners while the RAF again pounded Tobruk and started violent explosions and fires with direct hits on enemy machines gun nests anc oil stores in the battle area Against three enemy planes downed on the north African front and nine more over Malta the British said they lost eight bu that six their pilots were saved Both desert armies were es tablished firmly on their corri dor lines between the Mediter ranean and Qattara depress on in the El Alamein area both close 1 Jy concealing when or how they ivould try to break the stale mated situation In the past 48 hours the Ger mans have withdrawn from the southern end of their line in ef fect turning a comer at the in land anchor and establishing a sidewail The British regarded this as a security measure against a flank attack but there was no indication whether it was be cause Nazi Field Marshal Er vin Rommel was organizing a new attempt to burst the bottle neck or because he had strength left only to hold on if Stockholm newspaper dis patches from Berlin indicated un easiness in the nazi capital over Rommels postion One corres pondent reported that he was in difficulty because his exhausted troops faced British Gen Sir Claude J E Auchinlecks fresh reinforcements Heavy axis attacks on Malta taken by the British in Lon don to mean that convoys were hurrying reinforcements across the Mediterranean to Rommel Evidence of the weight of enemy efforts to eliminate that British isle as a threat to Rommels sup ply route from Europe was Mal tas report Tuesday night that 24 raiders had been shot down there in 24 hours Along the whole 50 mile front stretching 20 miles south from the El Alamein region and then turn ing westward 30 miles to the re gion south of El Daba both sides kept up artillery fire There was little other ground activity except for flying British tank columns harrying the Ger mans Minneapolis Janitor Indicted as Bundsman Tries to Hang Self MINNEAPOLIS Carl Fred erick Berg 40 Minneapolis school janitor tried to commit suicide in the city jail shortly after his ar rest Wednesday night on a New Tcork indictment charging con spiracy to violate the selective service and alien registration acts federal officials said Wednesday United Slates District Attorney victor E Anderson said he was informed Berg alleged Minneapo lis branch leader of the German American bund had removed his belt and was about to hang him self from the cell bars when yells of other prisoners brought guard the lOHAV VICEADMIRAL WASHINGTON PThe sen ale confirmed he nomination ol Rear Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher formerly of Marshallttwn Iowa for the temporary rank of vice ad miral Soldiers Police and Secret Agents Guard Saboteurs Trial Born Men Facing Death Penalty Heard WASHINGTON a set ting of utmost secrecy guaran teed by heavily armed soldiers police and secret agents and walledoff corridors eight Ger manborn men went on trial toi their lives Wednesday before a military commission sitting in the justice department The eight accused of violat ing he articles of war by steal ing into this country with intent to spread fire and destruction by nazi sabotage methods were rounded up by the FBI after had been landed by U boats on lonely beaches of Long Island and Florida So veiled with secretiveness was the commission proceeding the first important one of its kind since the Civil not even the fact of the starting of the trial was made known officially An informed person confirmed it however after it became obvi ous from the arrival of the pris oners the seven generals who compose ihe commission the prosecution and defense counsel and a number of witnesses The prisoners arrived behind a wedge of motorcycle policemen in two closed vans guarded by soldiers with machine guns and automatic rifles They were brought in through a heretofore unused gate in the justice department building to evade curious and photogra phers whovwaited at the usual entrance on the opposite side of the building Both streets one on the east the other on the west side were patrolled by policemen while in the basebent of the building itself where the vans were unloaded heavily armed helmetwearing soldiers guarded every corner and manned guns set up in some in stances on trucks From there theprisoners were taken by guarded and secret elevators to the fifth floor area where the trial Is being held in what nor mally is a federal bureau of vestigation class room Persons having business at the trial entered through a double wooden wall and passed through two sets of guards The eight defendants all Ger manborn though two had ac quired American citizenship be fore the war face a swift unap pealable decision President Roose velt barred all civil courts to them in a proclamation last week The commission will decide by votes of at least 5 to 2 whether they are guilty and if so what their punishment is to be EDWARD JOHN KERLING at Jacksonville JOHN DASCII at Long Island A formal accusation allcsins four violations of the laws of war and the articles of each carrying tht death pen been filed with the commission by the prosecutors who arc headed by Attorney General Francis Biddlc Biddlcs office said he had canceled all engagements for the next 10 days V The justice department was closed to all but accredited per sons while a fifth floor corridor las been walledoff and barred to all but those participating in the trial The defendants arc George John Dascb 39 leader of the roup of four which landed near Long Island on fnne 13 Edward John Kerljng 33 leader of the group of four vhich landed near Jacksonville on June 17 and these others inest Peter Burger Herbert ians Haupt Henry Harm Heinck Jermann Otto Ncubaucf Richard Quirin and Werner Thiel The commission named to try hem was headed by Maj Gen nfe R McCoy as president His olleagues were Maj Gen Walter S Grant Maj Gen Blanton Win hip Maj Gen Lorenzo S Gnsser Brig Gen Guy V Henry Brig John T Lewis and Brig Sen John T Kennedy Buy war savings bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette airier boy CUBS WILL GET LON WARNEKE SPORTS BULLETIN ST LOUIS a surpris ing move the St Louis Cardinals announced Wednesday they were assigning Lon Warneke veteran right handed pitcher to the Chi cago Cubs on waivers The trans action for the nominal price of 57500 gives ihc Cubs a strong armed hurler with an impressive major league record of 183 vic tories against 108 defeats Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Wednes day afternoon highest tempera ture near BO followed by scat lured showers and thunder storms Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon IOWA Not much change in tem perature Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night Scattered showers and thunderstorms in west and south portion late Wednesday afternoon or Wed nesday night so cool north cast portion Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon Scat tered showers and thunder storms southwest night and south and west por tions Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 93 Minimum Tuesday night BO At 8 a m Wednesday 70 Tuesdays maximum of 32 was the highest recorded here this year The previous high mark was 89 registered June 6 YEAR AGO Maximum RT Minimum AMFRIpAW MAY mHI SUPREME CHIEF Circles Speculate on Marshall as Head Over All of Allied Forces hi By IRVING PERMETER WASHINGTON Some igh interallied personages her speculated Wednesday on the sibility that an haps Gen George C Marshall chief staff of the United State some day bccomt supreme commander of all unitcc nations land air and sea forces throughout the world So far there is no official move toward creating a supreme com mander but it can be said for the idea now that some important people who re fuse to permit use ol their names either expect or hope for one Assuming that the job went io an which b o t n British and American here do MARSHALL might not necessarih go to Marshall Other possibilities course include Armiral Wil im DLealy and Gen Douglas MacArlhur Leahy while 67 generally is considered Koosevells closest military advis Since retiring as chief of nava operations a few years ago ho has served as ambassador to the Vicin French government Recently ht left the white house with the statement that the president had some kind of employment fo General MatArthur might be a contender not only for his military skill but because of the near worldwide hero worship that has grown out of his defense of the Bataan peninsula In fact one of the reasons for having a supreme command is th big supply of leadership talent As one of the ranking interalliec officials interviewed for this ar ticle put it You might say the united na tions had a football team Stalin and Chiang KaiShek at ends MacArthur at center Wa vell at guard Roosevelt at Quarterback Churchill at fult back and similar stars all through the lineup It might make sense to have a captain to promote teamwork At present united nations strat egy calls for area commands ii different parts of the Arthur in the southwest Pacific Wavell in India Auchinlcck ir the middle east ChiangKaiShek in China In Russia there are only Russian forces hence no inter allied command Now that Ameri cans are in Great Britain an ap pointment may be made there The fault if any with this set up is illustrated by the current German threat to Egypt in the opinion of another official who likewise declined use of his name Theoretically the naxi forces could have been annihilated long ago if British tanks sent to Russia and American troops sent to Australia hail been dis patched instead to Libya Perhaps the routing of men and materials was the wisest possible in the circumstances said this source But actually the destina ions wore chosen on the basis of daytoday needs He argued that n a global war someone ought to e in charge of a master strategy 3lan for the whole world to see that such help to places where it would fit the world pic ture PLAN WOOD ELEVATORS COUNCIL BLUFFS ible to obtain material for a re nforced concrete addition to it plant the ButlerWelsh Elcvatoi company announced it wouU erect an allwood structure with halfmillion bushel capacity Cat Catches Sparrow Plus 13000 Volts if 3JT j CLEAR cat g ning for a sparrow shut off Clear Lakes power all Ovci town Tuesday afternoon The kitty pevchcd on the lower at ho Peoples Gas and Electric substation spied a sparrow sitting on the wires from the the wires his tail brushed a switch of 13000 volts The cat got the sparrow but the short circuit got them both and Clear Lakes lights were blacked out for four minutes Probe JapMade Goods P Flone looks over pennants and ici that were seized by authorities at the Armv War show i Pittsburgh when it was discovered thcv were raade in Japan Eleven hawker of the articles wenfarrest cd as federal authorities and army intelligence officers been dctelminc lederal laws had Laird Pamphleteer Clash Attitude to U S Flag Member o Jehovahs Witnesses Charged With Not Having License Clyde Loeffert 1311 Georgia avenue southeast a member of the sect Jehovahs Witnesses was placed in the city jail Wednesday afternoon when he refused to discontinue peddling of rclirious pamphlets in Mason City during tnc trial of charges against him for peddling without a license W The trial was marked by the defendants altercation with Po lice Judge Morris E Laird as to whether testimony should be ad mitted concerning his attitude toward salutingof Ihc Amcri can flag V Three housewives testified that Loeffert came to their doors and offered them religious pamphlets for sale One was asked by City Solicitor Charles E Cornwell what Loeffert had said concerning sa luting of the flag She replied that ho had told her he did not believe in it What did he say would happen to you if you saluted the flag the allornev persisted 1 object to the question on the jrounds thai it is irrelevant to whether or not I sold books with out a license interposed Mr Loeffcrl The judge said that he would consider the objection but mean while would let the evidence into the record He saitl that I would go to hell if I saluted the flag an swered the witness On cross examination Mr Loef fert asked the witness whether she would under oath stand her answer She replied that she would After the witnesses had left the court Mi Loctrcrt questioned Ihc Kiclge about the decision permit ting irrelevant icslimonv in the record These are unusual limes answered Judge Laird gravely I tell you now that the tes timony is admittedly irrelevant to this case and that I shall not consider it in making my rul ing But when this country is at war I shall always admit any question concern ing anyones loyally to the con stitution and flag of the United States The defendant countered with he statement that his understand ng was that no testimony could be admitted which was irrelevant He was answered by Mr Corn well That often happens And it vould seem to me that it would relevant in the determination the judge of what sentence hould be imposed if he finds you guilty At least I shall so argue The judge then asked Mr Coin veil and Mr Loeffert whether oih would be ready to complete estimony in the case Friday after noon at oclock The defen dant had asked for the continu ance on the grounds that he wished to communicate with the Watehtoiicr home office of his sect Mr Cornwell then asked wheth er Mr Loeffert would agree to discontinue peddling until the is decided The defendant an swered that he would not Laird then informed him that lie had been free with out bond since his arrest Tues day forenoon but that if lie would not agree to discontinue his activities unlil lic rasc was concluded the court would be forced to place him under bond After a conference with a com panion Mr Loeffert told ihe court that he would not discontinue his activities The judge then ordered him held until 5100 bond was on file I trust that you will be able to attend to his needs the judge said turning to the companion since he does not wish to have an attorney You will be free fo visit him at reasonable hours and give him such clothing or other things as he may wish lie seems to be a nice boy even though our opinions do not agree Ilcasc take good care of him Germans Say New Salient Is Widened BERLIN From German Broad encirclement and of numerous soviet troops lorthwesl of Voronezh in enlarg ing a German salient in that yen ral district and the surrounding of strong Russian forces on the ftzhev front west of Moscow were reported Wednesday by the Ger man high command Russian counter attacks northwest of Voronezh failed but the Russians continued to attack to the northwest in the Orel sector after beinjf re pulsed in fierce fighting that brought strong German aerial forces into use a communique said The general picture as de scribed by the nazis thus portrays the Germans as broadening the spearhead they have thrust from Kharkov and Kursk about ID miles eastward to Voronezh and 300 miles south of Moscow while the Russians arc doggedly coun teraltackins on the north and northwest Hank in an effort to smash through iml cut off the advanced German forces Rzhev where the nazis claim to have encircled large Russiitii forces is on the upper Volga river and a railway 130 miles west of Moscow on i front where the lone have held a bulge during a comparatively quiet period Twenty soviet tanks were cap tured in the Rzliev area the com munique siic As an example of the fcrncilv of the Sighting northwest of Ore tiie counter attacking Russians have lost 75 tanks in three days in a single sector the high command stated While hesebattles raged in the Ukraine the Russians attempted several attacks on the far north ern front but noie succeeded lie high command said In the Arctic Kola bay area German planes bombed soviet air and naval bases Private Bath SHENANDOAH A Bath Brownvillc Nebv for mer assistant high school coach here and more recently a Fort Dodge Iowa teacher has spoiled his pupils favorite joke In anticipation of his army service they called him Private Bath Bath joined the navy r Survivor Pearl Harbo Gives Blood to Bank LOS ANGELES Van Kouren 20 a sailor who was wounded by shrapnel and burned sevcrly at Pearl Harbor walked into a Red Cross plasma bank and donated a pint of blood He ex plained that his life was savol by eight transfusions from a blood bank Ill givo u tack pjnt f pint Saydam Premier of Turkey Succumbs to Heart Disease Had Steered Nation on Neutral Course in Difficult Period ANKARA Turkey mier Refik Saydam 61 physician politician who had steered Turkey on its difficult course as a neutral among warring states since 1039 died at midnight of heart disease while on vacation at Istanbul The German official news agency in a Berlin broadcast heard in London said that Say dam died in o hotel Alinistcr of Interior Fikri Tuzck assumed Saydoms duties in the prime ministry pending appoint ment of a new premier by Presi dent Ismct Inonu U was believed in political quarters that Foreign Minister Sukru Saracoglu would succeed to the prime ministry and that Say dam s death would result in no change in the countrys foreign policy Saydam received a one month vl a ijut i IT until leave last November because of nines and political quarters be lieved that he would resign in Saracoglus favor There had been earlier rumors that because of ill health he would give give up post Like President Inonu and Sar acoglu Snrdam was a veteran in a political team which had worked in close harmony for years Since PREMIFR REFIK SAYDAM DECLARE LIGHT FORCE ON EAST BANK SMASHED Russians Reported Wiping Out Bridgeheads Which Crossed River By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor ainlaininR friendship with Great Britain and the allies Counterattacking red army were reported late Wednesday to be wiping out Ger man bridgeheads on the east bank of the Don river and hurling back 11 further enemy attempts o ross the stream in fierce fighting west of Voronezh Recoiling after the first vio lent shock of an offensive by r00000 German troops Marshal Scincoa Timoslicnkos armies were pictured as checking the 120mile nazi break through and inflicting huge losses Soviet dispatches from the battlefront said heavy combats still raged along the river but declared that light nazi forces which reached the cast bank were smashed and ihe bulk of nazi in vaders were held on the west Conflicting versions from Ber lin and made it difficult to assess the true situation but there was at icast the possibility We German offensive had reached is climax and begun to bug down against the rallyin soviet armies In support of this thesis was the fact that the German high command failed to reiterate its claim that German troops had captured Voronezh and gave only a vague description of the figlu V Red army headquarters ignored an official German claim that Voronezh had fallen declaring that the battle iras still raging before that key city on the MoscowRostov railway Fierce battles continued to the ivcst of Voronezh a soviet war bulletin said In one sector a larse German force attempted to capture a height defended by soviet tank detachments Our tanks met the enemy steadfastly A bulletin fioin Adolf Hitlers field headquarters asserted Hint strong Russian forces had been encircled behind Ihe Voronezh front and that a gap in the soviet lines had been widened Conceding that the Russians were still fighting before Voro nezh the nazi command declared red army counterattacks north west of the city failed Briefly the German commu nique noted that soviet attacks in the Orel sector 210 miles below Moscow were continuing The Russians were apparcntly Pressing a counteroffensive around Orel in an attempt relieve the fierce pressure of the German drive against Voro nezh The latter if successful might split Russias centra anil southern armies and cut off vital communications to the Caucasus oil fields Dispatches to Red Star official soviet army newspaper declared the Russians were holding grimly to their new lines and stronly coimlcrattackins in some sectors Reds Hold Under Great Pressure MOSCOW glimly to its new lines and counterat tacking strongly in some sector the red army reported Wednesday that it had slowed the mighty German onslaught against Voro nezh key link between Russias central and southern armies Ked star mouthpiece of the army announced it is with great difficulty but neverthe less our troops arc holding the pressure of the enemy K The German claim of the cap ture of Voronezh by reinforced nazi troops which streamed acros the Don river 10 miles west of the city went unconfirmed The information bureau declared that the withering fire of massed Rus sian tanks had beaten off bitter German assaults upon a height in the chalky hills just west oC Voronezh Red army men gave ground in two areas of ihe Stary Oskol sector and counterattacked in another and fought before Voronezh to oile UP a toll of 3000 or more Germans killed 80 trucks and io tanks de rko and Voronezh said ihcir nuns the night rounn Ihc Russians flamed througl ;