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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 7, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C ARCIIIVC8 IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL un AiwdiUd Prat and Unlttd Pcen Full Lcned Wlrra Five a MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 7 1947 This Papci of Two One No 229 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Huen City P WTAD tjuinej Ul FridT 1 P m WO1 Amra Tieidaj m WSUL low City ThiradiT Our Transportation of the Future WITHIN recent weeks Ive had 2 most interesting contacts with what Im assuming is a pre view of the transportation means of the future Twice Ive ridden the skyliners from Chicago to the Atlantic sea board and back In Washington on one of these jaunts I was privileged to sit in on what was referred to as the world premier of the Train of Tomorrow In previous commentaries Ive visited with you about air its comfort its safety and its rela tively low cost all things consid ered This time I want to discuss with you the one most impressive man ifestation of our time that those interested in railroad transport are fully cognizant of the fact that time marches on In this of course Im referring to that Train of Tomorrow which at present is getting so much attention in newspapers magazines and on the screen My visit to that fabulous train resulted from a breakfast in vitation issued by General Motors officials to participants in the pro gram of the presidents highway safety conference The train was standing on a sid ing at Sliver Springs suburb of the capital city and toin to and from the train was pro vided by special limousine My first glimpse of the string of cars and their dieselpowered locomotive caused me to blink my eyes While there isa resemblance to what has come to be known as a streamlined train it goes much further in its radical de sign Its the astradome top compartment from which pas sengers can look up as well as to the gives distinctive ap pearance to the Train of Tomor row cars Theres an extremelyinteresting story about how this feature the astradome came about Ill coin to this later STRANGELY enough the rail road industry itself was no the prime mover in working ou the design of this amazing train It was done by General Motors primarily interested in making au tomobiles This train an official of GIV told me is in reality a research project for the improvement o transportation It is a researcl project in which General Motors the railroad car builders and th great railway systems of th country have pooled their accumu lated skills In it we find a dramatic am constructive demonstration of th interdependence and cooperation of various sections of American industry MOTORS he add AjTed has no intention of go ing into the railroad passenge car business We are interested ii the entire field of transportation and have a special interest in rail roads because as you may know we have a division buildin diesel locomotives at LaGrange ml We are also interested as ma jor producers of other railroa equipment such as aircondition ing antifriction journal bearing and electricity generating equip ment all of which have gone int the construction of this train pu together by the PullmanStandar Car Mfg company in Chicago At this point the GM officia with a twinkle in his eye turne to one of my companions Paul G Hoffman president of the Stude baker Automobile corporation and said But I wouldnt want any o of all you Mr Hofi think for aminute tha GM isnt going to go on buildin automobiles AS Ive previously mentionet the astradome on each of th cars is the most unusual feature o the Train of Tomorrow design This basic idea was born a numbe of years ago when a GM man ric ing in the cupola ofa freight ca caboose was led to the observalio that the brakeman on a freigh train gets a better view of th scenery than a passenger on first class passenger train In 1944 the general manager o GMs electromotive division wa similarly impressed by the view h got while riding through th Rockies in the highup full visio cab of a diesel locomative A lot of folks would give a most anything for this locomotiv seat if only they knew what the could see from it he remarke to the engineer FROM these incidents evolve the railroad dome passenge cars seen on the Train of Tomor row with engineers and artis CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 U S FACES NEW COAL STRIKE TAX REDUCTION BILL LIKELY TO PASSTHISWEEK Petrillo May Halt All Network Music Broadcasts Feb 1 Washington way was leared Monday for house passage f the revived tax eduction bill Tuesday and sen te approval is forecast for Satur ay Its proponents expect another eto but assert they can override t this time The house rules committee ap roved the bill for action Tuesday vith a set of rules banning time onsuming debate That meant lie measure probably would go to fie senate by night And Chair man Eugene D Millikin of the enate finance committee pre icted passage in that chamber on Saturday The bill is just like the one resident Truman killed with a except for the effective date which would be next Jan 1 in tead of last July 1 It would cut iersonal income taxes 105 to 30 jer cent the largest percentage eductions applying to the smallest ncomes Rep E E Cox D Ga predicted roth houses and senate would iverride a veto this time The louse failed last time by 2 votes and the senate did not vote on the veto Other congressional develop ments Petrillo President James C Petrillo of the American Federa ion of Musicians AFL told con gressmen he was thinking of adopting a new musicians policy which would halt all network mu sical broadcasting 1 1948 He said however that he migh change his events migh change it for tha time He also said the AFM would make no more recordings aftei his year unless the union coulc jo into business itself senate opened debate on the armed forces unifi cation bill with republicans pre dicting passage by both houses be ore adjournment late this month The bill would set up a secretary of national security under which the army navy and air forces would have coequal status Universal Sec retary of Navy Josephus Daniel opposed President Trumans plan Eor universal training with the declaration it would produce al the costs and imperialism o Napoleonic France and Hitlerian Germany senate foreign re lations committee unanimously ap proved a United Nations agree ment giving this country sole trus teeship over the Marshall Mav ianas and Caroline islands in tbi Pacific The islands formerly wer mandated to Japan Truman ir a message to congress asked quiet action on a bill to permit a sub stantial number of European wa refugees to enter this country from Germany Austria and Italy Corn Belt Flood Damage Reported at Half Billion Dollars During Last Month Editors Note Midwestern ag iculture suffered a heavy blow n the recent floods which rolled cross great sections of Iowa Vebraska Missouri and Illinois he United Press has totaled up lie damage by compiling informa ion from army engineers flood ontrol experts state agricultural lepartments farmers relief agen ies and others The findings in his survey by a dozen V P bur aus follow By UNITED PRESS Floods which rolled down over he midwestern corn belt for more nan a month left behind crop and soil damage estimaled today at more than a half billion dol lars Flood waters which still cov ered many rich bottomland areas cut deeply into crop prospects and washed away millions of tons of the worlds finest topsoil A survey of the flood damage in Iowa Nebraska Missouri and Il 4 states hardest disclosed these estimates Crop Soil Land acres Number of persons made home Number The figures told only part of the story and gave only a hint of the suffering hardship and financial loss felt by farmers and townspeople in the floodstricken areas The floods which surged down the Mississippi and Missouri riv ers and their numerous tributaries in one recordbreaking crest after another destroyed 47 homes and damaged 4190 The Red Cross estimated that 263 farm and factory buildings were destroyed and 761 dam aged Fiftytwo Red Cross shelters in 30 communities housed about 2000 homeless persons during the height of the floods The Red Cross said it fed 6000 persons more than half of them levee workers Damage to highways and rail roads in the 3state area of Il linois Missouri and Iowa was estimated by the U S soil con servation service at The Burlington railroad reported Sl 000000 damage to its tracks and installations alone Damage to cities and towns in the 3stale area was estimated by the soil conservation service at Agriculture experts and crop analysts said the floods effects RECORD Lakes downtown area was virtually blocked to traffic for the entire 3day Fourth of July holiday as record crowds thronged the lake resort A drizzle of rain forced postponement of the parade Fri GlobcGazette Photo day morning and Saturdays showing brought out the crowds for the 2nd day The picture shows the Clear Lake band in its new uniforms be felt for months to come y persons who knew about the oods only through their news apers Housewives may have to pay igher prices for pork chops and ecfsteak because of the damage corn the nations basic crop ivcstock producers said farmers ould sell their corn instead of ceding it to hogs and cattle to fat en them for market The price of July own on the Chicago board of trade had risen o new alltime high levels A survey of Iowa gave this pic ure The Tall Corn slates flood dam ge was estimated by the soil con crvation service at 5280924000 ncluding in crop osses and in irre ilaceablc topsoil The deep scars f erosion permanently impaired he states soil resources Conser vation field workers estimated hat 115000000 tons were washed away No portion of the stale was un ouched by damage to crops or property from the combination ol loods drenching rains high winds and hailstorms Southwestern owa in Ihe Hamburg vicinily was looded by Ihe Nishnabolna anc Missouri rivers and will produce no crops The same silualion pre vailed in the lower Des Moines river valley The best estimates put the loss o the corn crop at 15 per cent Huch depends on the weather lowever and with a late frost the state still might produce a fair wet year crop The city of Oltumwa flooded 4 irnes eslimated its damage a In Nebraska nn close were available for Ihe amounl o crop and soil loss bul crops cov ering 800000 acres were reporlec a lotal loss 600000 acres wer more lhan half deslroyed and 2000000 acres were damaged I a lesser degree The slalefedera agricullural statistician said farm ers had planted 96 per cent o their intended corn acreage bu added that a considerabl amount has been lost The biggest property damas was at Cambridge which wa swept by a flash flood and Rulo inundated repeatedly by the Mis snuri The Red Cross said it woul be weeks before residents of the towns could return to their mud filled homes Missouri flood damage was es timated by the soil conservatin service at of whic was in crop damag and in soil loss Illinois soil loss mostly alon Ihe Mississippi river totaled S55 000000 Crop damage was estim aled al while urbai highway and railroad damag amounled to FIRST SOAP BOX Lakes first soap box derby was run off Sunday afternoon on the hill just east of Clear Lake on highway 106 which was blocked for the afternoon event Thousands of persons lined the raceway as Dean Anderson son of Mr and Mrs Dwight Anderson GlobeGazette Photo Clear Lake took top honors He will represent Clear Lake in the state race at Des Moines Aug 3 The picture shows the ramp from which the motorless midget cars got their start More1 pictures and story on page 15 Holiday Toll 516 in U S from Germany Austria ana miy n T Republican house leaders say lit V TOT I OWfl tie chance of enactment of the U OVJ measure this session Vote Homer Fergu son E Mich will try again next week to get his senate judiciary subcommittee to approve an in vestigation of a justice department inquiry into alleged vote frauds in Kansas City The committee failed to agree on the proposal Monday he said Investigation President Tru man head of the executive branch signed a bill setting up a 12mem ber bipartisan commission lo in vesligale Ihe executive branch The commission would look into all operations of federal depart ments and agencies and report lo Ihe next congress The military unification debate was the days big business in the senate Protruding Feet Save Man Buried in Ditch H Olympia Wash Hansens feet saved his life Hansen was inspecting a water line at Ihe bottom of a ditch The sides collapsed and buried all of him except his feet He cupped his hands and arms under his feet as he fell providing a small quantily of air He lay buried alive lightly breathing his small oxygen supply A few minutes later the brake man on a passing engine saw Han sens feet protruding The brake man called help and Hansen was dug out back He suffered a sprained Market streel in San Francisco is the only street in the nation where streets cars run 4 abreast By The Associated Press More than 500 persons died of highway traffic and other mishaps during the nations 3day week end observance of Independence day From 6 p m Thursday until Sunday midnight there were 255 reported deaths in automobile ac cidents 163 drownings 5 in fire works explosions and 109 from miscellaneous causes a total of 532 California had the highest num ber of fatalities with 38 New Yortc and Pennsylvania had 36 The traffic toll was well under the total of 275 expected by the National Safely Council bul it was higher lhan for Ihe same pe riod lasl year when 241 dealhs were reported The worst record was in 1941 when 628 persons were killed during the July 4th cele bration The deaths in Iowa totalled 6 in traffic 1 drowning and 1 in a plane crash Maryland had 3 deaths from fireworks explosions and Cali fornia and Maine 1 each Deaths of 4 persons in traffic accidents and one drowning Sun day raised Iowas 4th of July weekend death toll to 8 Otto Schlopkohl 68 Nevada was killed when the brakes of the car in which he was riding failed to hold on a steep hill in Otlumwa and the car struck a tree rolled across the city library lawn and came to rest against another tree Mrs Schlopkohl 55 suffered a fractured leg and arm Mrs Wil liam Simonsen 58 Hudson suf fered bruises and shock and Dwaine Mueller 37 What Cheer editor suffered fractured ribs cuts bruises and internal injuries Muellers 2 daughters Marilyn 10 and Annetta 12 and Linda Biewen 11 also of What Cheer suffered bruises An auto accident on highway 30 about 4 miles west of DeWitt brought fatal injuries to 11year old Diana Mire of Reno Nev Sunday The girl was riding in a car driven by her mother Mrs Joseph Dyer Bennett when the machine went out of control crashed into a ditch and hit a telephone pole Near Creston Mrs Lloyd Koons of Orient and her 7yearold daughter were killed in the col lision of 2 cars at a county road intersection Sunday afternoon The collision involved cars driven by Koons and Dell Hawks 20 of near Creston Koons and Hawks escaped injury William Harold Wright 17 of Des Moines drowned Sunday eve ning at Sunset Beach Des Moines His body was discovered about 11 p m by a beach employe and was recovered by police from about 8 feet of water Other fa tali lies previously re ported were Ihose of Marge Hurl burt killed in an air show acci denl at Decorah and Alexander R Woronko Davenport and Harry Case Le Mars killed in traffic accidents The 2nd drowning was thai of Gerald Pauley 12 year old son of Mr and Mrs Leo Pauley of Panama who drowned in a drain age dilch Sunday Lupescu Reportedly Past Crisis Hopes of Recovery Stated Rio de Janeiro Brazil IP Mme Ernesto Undreanu wife of the secretary of former King Carol of Romania said Monday Elena Lupescu passed Ihe crisis of her grave illness Sunday night and we even hope that the improve ment she shows will lead to her recovery The auburnhaired woman sought Thursday to legalize in marriage her 23yearold rela tionship with the former mon arch who twice has retired hastily from the Iroubled Romanian throne She has undergone 4 trans fusions for anemia SAME Black flaf traffic death tn 24 boart Weather Report Mason FORECAST City Fair with lillle change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday Low Mon day night 5560 High Tuesday 8085 Iowa Generally fair with lillle change in lemperalure Monday nighl and Tuesday High Mon day in middle 80s Low Mon day nighl 58 east to 63 west High Tuesday in middle 80s Minnesota Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday except local light showers northwest portion Tuesday little change in tem peralure IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 80 Minimum 57 At 8 a rn Monday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum 90 Minimum 68 Striking Ford Foremen Back With No Gain Detroit 3000 fore men at the Ford Motor company members of the Foremens Asso ciation of America ended their 47day strike Monday without winning a single concession they demanded when they quit May 21 The foremen voted 10 to 1 to return to work at a mass meeting Sunday Robert Keys president of the independent union told the foremen the battle for a new con tract will be carried on from in side the plant A back to work movement last week when belween 150 and 350 foremen returned to Iheir jobs influenced the heavy vole lo dis continue the strike Originally about 3800 foremen were involved in the walkout The FAA demanded a new contract granting it exclusive bargaining rights for supervisory employes and provisions for grievance pro cedures The company rejected all de mands and notified the FAA it no longer considered it the bargain ing agent for supervisory em ployes Setllement of the strike brought virtually complete industrial peace lo Detroils automobile plants for the first time in monlhs SPAINS VOTERS FOR MONARCHY Franco Heads State and Can Name King Madrid UR Topheavy ap proval by voters in a national re erendum Monday made S p a i technically a monarchy headed b Generalissimo Francisco Franc inslead of a king Informed sources eslimated In more lhan 80 per cent of Sunday voters marked yes on theball ratifying the Spanish cortes pa liament resolution that Spain a kingdom led by Franco as chiel of state The succession law gavc Franco power to name a king when and if he desired Final official results in Madrid gave the proposal more than a 6 lol endorsement The Madrid vote was 684539 in favor 101923 against and 39358 abstenlions or spoiled ballots Preliminary reporls indicaled lhat the largest number of voters in Spanish history cast ballots There were 16000000 registered voters LEGAL TANGLES HREATENPACT AS HOUR NEARS Northern Contract Must Be Approved Before Lewis Will Continue By HAROLD W WARD Washinston IP Representa ves ol northern mine operators nd steel companies failed in a 4 our session Monday to reach an greemcnt with John L Lewis to vert an industrywide strike in he soft coal fields Tuesday However they arranged to go ack into conference after an ours recess in an attempt to put he finishine touches to a tenta iVc draft of a New York contract ovcring about 40 per cent of the lations 400000 miners Charles ONeill representing he northern commercial opera ors and Harry M Moses speak ng for the steel companies which perato captive coalpits told eporters as they lelt Lewis head uarlcrs that they had not com ileted writing a contract Otherwise they had nothing to ay about legal obstacles which rose at the last minute to block atification a pact between the perators and Lewis United Mine Workers The soft coal miners are due back from a 10day vacation Tues day Without a contract or a not ce from Lewis that accord has een reached the miners arc ex pected to stay home indefinitely One industry member not in the negotiations but close to them said the operators entered Mon days talks feeling pretty blue Now they are shooting for a mid night deadline The coal operators he added privately cannot see how they can grant Lewis demand for pro tection against penalties of the new TailHartley act without placing themselves in Violation of the law A tentative agreement on gen era terms was reached last Wed nesday but this contract must be completed before A mine own ers of the south midwest and far cst can determine whether they want peace at the same price B Lewis will not even talk about an agreement with anyone else The legal snarl therefore was not only delaying the northern steel company settlement peri lously near the strike deadline but it had all but wiped out any hope of getting agreements for the re mainder of the industry in lime to bring the miners from other areas back into the pits by the first shifts at midnight Monday The captive mines produce coal only for steel making Some operators said Lewis was demanding legal protection against any future strikes under ihe Taft Hartley labor law and that the industry representatives working on the norlhernstecl pace had balked Because Ihe new act would per mit the coal companies to sue the United Mine Workers for any breach of contract Lewis is said to have insisted on a provision stating the miners need work only when they are willing and able Otherwise the tentative agree ment negotiated by Benjamin F Fairless president of the U S Czechoslovakia Will Attend Paris Meeting Despite Soviet Ban Prague Czechoslovak government decided in a closed session Monday to accept an invi tation to the Paris conference on the Marshall proposal despite So viet rejection semiofficial circles said The decision was taken on the eve of the delayed departure to Moscow of Communist Premier Klement Gottwald and Foreign Minister Jan Only Rain in Iowa Sunday at Davenport Des Moincs weather was excellent in Iowa again Mon day after a balmy Sunday during which the only moisture reported named representative for the Paris I Midwestern and southern oper in the state was a mere trace at conference opening Saturday beators left little doubt that they waiting for results of their talks with Russian Foreign Minister V M Molotov the informants said The Czechoslovak ambassador in Paris Jindrich Nosak has been Sleel Corporalion and George M Humphrey chairman Ihe Pitts burgh Consolidation Coal Com pany is reported to contain these general terms 1 The daily pay for an inside day miner is set at for 8 hours underground with no prem ium pay for portaltoportal travel but with the basic hourly rale hiked from to The miner actually would work only Si hours Thirty minutes would be allowed for lunch and one hour to get to and from the mine open ing undereround This worker got for a 9 hour day under the government contract which expired when the federallyseized pits were return ed lo private ownership last Mon day 2 Inclusion of the federal mine safely code in the contract super seding the hodgepodge of state laws 3 Boosting of the controversial tonnage royalty for the miners welfare fund from 5 to 10 cents At the latter figure the fund would get more than a year if accepted by the entire industry Operators said Lewis was insis ting that the miners representa tive be chairman of the 3man board of trustees for the welfare fund and that the chairman have veto power Presumably Lewis himself would be chairman under those conditions Davenport High temperature Sunday was 85 at Des Moines Burlington and Os kaloosa and the low early Mon day was 56 at Fort Dodge cause the meeting will begin too i expect to be forced to accept the soon for Masaryk to reach Paris j same terms as those granted in on his return from Moscow it was the north even though they dont added but Masaryk will lake over i like them and had no direct hand when he can I m negotiating them ;