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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 6, 1945, Mason City, Iowa DCMftfWCNr Of NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LI Anodatni and United Press Full Leased five Cents Copy MASON crrr IOWA FRIDAY JULY e 1945 Tbls Paper Consists ot Two One NO JAPAN GETS STEADY AIR POUNDING INSIDE WASHINGTON May Proclaim Philippine Independence Thit Summer Central Press Capital Staff i time for Pres ident Truman to proclaim the com plete independence of the Philip pine islands is in the opinion of topflight Washington observers approaching rapidly Mr Truman probably will wait until the last Japanese have been ousted from their hiding places in the lush jungle undergrowth But that period is approaching with the speed of a tankshattering ba zooka gun Once no hostile Japanese re mains the president will not hesi tate to fulfill Americas pledge The announcement will observ ersare certain come dramatically from the white house Or it may come from elsewhere as the pres ident is traveling Best guess on the announcement is that it will be made some during thesummer Probably after Mr Truman returns from his Hie Three conference in Berlin with Prime Minister Churchill and Marshal Stalin Naturally the subject will not be discussed bythe Big Three as it is purely an American mat ter Another prediction is that the announcement of Philippine inde pendence will come as American forces storm ashore on the Japa nese homeland or in China Its value as a psychological wea pon and a pledge of justice throughout Asia observers point out will be incalcuable Some diplomats not concerned in the issue raise the question ot how Ion W Averell Harriman will remain at his post of ambas sador To Moscow following Harry Hopkinswidelypublicized mis sion to that capital They recall that Adm William H Standley Harrimans predeces i sor had been nnhaspy in the post for was persuaded to remain on Standley quit when President Roosevelt sent former Ambassador Joseph E Bavies on a Mission to Moscow which con sisted of delivering a personal note to Marshal Stalin Harriman when last in this country let it be known in a man ner considered indiscreet by some diplomats that he was not too happy about the Soviet Unions AUSSIES BRAVE MINEFIELDS TO CORRAL JAPS Retreating Nipponese Fire Oilfields in Final Borneo Stand Manila invad ers pushed across heavily mined areas Friday toward the last re maining Japaneseheld oil field in southeast Borneo guided by the towering fires of Keoalasam bodja a large refinery and pump ing station put to the torch by retreating Nipponese The 7th Australian infantry occupied the remaining Japanese held part of Balikpapan Thurs day overran Manggar airfield in a 5 mile advance to the northeast and plunged on toward the great salt marsh oil fields of the Sa marinda district The Samarinda fields are ap proximately 55 airmiles northeast of Balikpapan now a giant junk pile of burned and blasted re finery equipment and oil pipes Keoalasambodja on the pipe line approximately half way be Iween Balikpapan and Ejamarinda is on the coast Radio Tokyo said Friday that the allies had poured ashore ID 000 men by Wednesday It claimed the Japanese garrison had inflicted 2000 casualties up to Tuesday but allied sources had reported casualties as light The enemy broadcast reported daily strafing of Japanese posi tions by an average ol 150 fighter and bomber planes with persistent night naval bom bardment Tokyo claimed that despite furious allied attacks the garrison was fighting spiritedly Pitted and cratered roads from Morgenthau Quits as Head of Treasury War Mobilizer Vinson a Possible Successor Washington Morgenthau Jr will step down as secre tary the treasury when President Truman returns from the Big 3 meeting in Berlin At that time several weeks hence Mr Truman will name a suc cessor to the Dutchess county Y apple grower who has held the office 11 years The chief executive told re porters Thursday he has a man mind for his 6th cabinet ap pointment but he wouldnt say who he is War Mobilizer Fred Vinson topped a long list of names heard in speculation Fri day Mr Truman announced accept ance of Morgenthaus longru mored resignation at another headlinecatching news confer ence at which he also disclosed that Supreme Court Justice Owen J Roberts will retire July 31 He does not expect to accept the resignation of Secretary of the Interior Ickes who in fact is going to England soon to re negotiate an oil treaty with the British He gave Mayor Fiorello H La Guardia ot New York permission to visit France on a personal mis sion not as an agent of the gov ernment He appointed Edward C Mor an Jr of Maine as assistant sec retary of labor and elevated Jesse M Donaldson to first as sistant postmaster general The Big 3 meeting will take place in about 3 weeks From now until Trumans return Morgenthau will hover in a strange position barring quick senate passage of houseapproved legislation changing the order of presidential succession For al though his resignation has been accepted the treasury chief con tinues first in line for the presi ASK ACCOUNTING OF LENDLEASE Senate Group Wants Weapons for Pacific Washington senate war investigating committee Fri day demanded prompt recovery of lendlease arms from European allies for use in the Pacific war A report based on an overseas investigation by a subcommittee headed by Senator Kilgore D W Va said nothing has been done along this line nor toward concen trating captured German arms against the Japanese The committee believes that all sources of supply for the Pacific war should be exploited to the maximum the report stated and that existing stocks of arma ments and supplies should be drawn upon first where possible and certainly they should include captured enemy materiel Notingthat legal title to lend lease materials rests with the United States and that master lendlease agreements specifically provide for their return the com mitteesaid failure to act consti tutes a lack of vigor and atten tion to our interests The report viewed the situation as one of extreme urgency and serious implications saying it is boosting costs and delaying WHERE 3 DIED IN debris remains of the Richard Uphoff home farm blown away by a tornado at Rising City Nebr Two Uphoff children Nina Lou 4 and Donna Marie 7 were killed at the farm AP wirephoto Repudiated London Poles Call on Army to Be Loyal as Big Three Plans Go Awry London repudiated London Polish government called upon the 250000 men in its armed forces Friday to remain an action which apparently challenged the pending plans the Big 3 to give these men a choice between returning home or remaining abroad Shorn of recognition by Britain and the United States the exiled of Premier Tomasz Arcis zewski declared that it would nand over its authority solely to a government formed on free Pol behavior The Russians heard about that quickly However his position lias been enhanced since his return to Rus sia by the improvement of Unit ed States Russian relations on the Polish question Because of the volatile international situ ation every bit of President Tru mans persuasion probably will be devoted to keeping him at his post even if he should want to Rep Edward 3 Hart D of Kew Jersey chairman of the House committee on unAmeri can activities is expected to an nounce his resignation soon Hart has been iland has con templated reUnquisning his post for some time The New Jersey congressman a middleoftheroad Democrat has been chairman of the com mittee since its formation Jan 3 to succeed the temporary Dies committee A staunch administration sup porter he has kept a tight rein over the divergent Democratic and Republican members who make up the committee House leaders are expected to give considerable thought to the selection of a suc Food men predict that the frozen food industry will expand after the war to the point where entire dinners will be offered shoppers They say that several com panies already have plans for a variety of cooked frozen meals that will include appetizers soup meat or fish potatoes vegetables salad dessert and even beverage Other companies are reported to be planning semicooked froz en meals They intend to sell a specially built oven in which the cooking of the foods can be littered bombardments booby traps andJandAmines harddriving diggers as they dog gedly expanded their invasion area The capture of Manggar with its two 4000 foot runways gave the allies control of the only 2 worthwhile airbases in theBalik papan area Sepinggang airstrip already in use by the Australians fell early this week American minesweepers were busy clearing Balikpapan bay where 2 Yankee manned army en gineer LCM boats earlier steamed through the mines to set up re pair shops Both Sides Claim Victory in Elections London sides claimed victory Friday in Britains record busting general election on which Prime Minister Churchills po litical fate hung but nobody can say for sure what happened until the votes are counted July 25 Close to 26500000 votes were dency after Secretary or State James F Byrnes The pending legislation would make House Speaker Sanv Ray burn next in line aflSr Mr Truman Morgenthau Resigned to Squelch Rumors Washington reason for Henry Morgenthaus resignation as secretary of the treasury it was learned Friday was that he be came tired of recurring rumors that he was about to be replaced in the cabinet A source in a position to know the facts but cannot be quot ed by name gave this version Morgenthau feeling that he could only work in an atmosphere of confidence made an appoint ment with President Truman Thursday went to the white house and bluntly asked for assurances as to his status He wanted to get it settled before Mr Truman leaves for Europe Evidently he was not satisfied with Trumans reply for his sud den resignation followed His clos est associates at the treasury were genuinely surprised reconversion by causing manu facture of items identical with those now idle in the hands of our allies Alsoj there always is the allies allowed to keep arms given them under lendlease to fight Germany might use them later in fighting among themselves So far as the committee was able to find out its report said no one has even given any thought to the exploitation of this source for filling the requirements of the Pacific war So far as the committee was able to learn there is no agree ment as between the allied armies for pooling captured equipment and using it in the Pacific theater Each of the allies seems to be operating on the theory that it is the sole owner of the supplies it has captured The committee sharply criti cized atendency of many to treat lendlease accounting as a matter of little consequences on the the ory that lendlease accounts would never be settled Navy Allows Evacuation of Ailing Japs Guam IF A Japanese hos pital ship evacuated 974 woundet and sick Japanese soldiers and sailorsf romWake island with the permission of the United State navy Pacific fleet headquarter announced Friday The incident was unprecedented STONE MAY FOLLOW ROBERTS Supreme Court Stands to Lose 2nd Justice Washington J Rob erts surprise resignation from the supreme court spurred speculation Friday that he may be followed soon by Chief Justice Harlan F Stone oldest man on the Ui 5TH AIR FORCE JOINS RAIDS ON HOME ISLANDS Army Navy Marines Make Series of Strikes Against War Industry Manila S 5th air force planes newly moved from the Philippines to Okinawa are strik ing Japan it was disclosed Fri day adding their weight to the army Superfortresses medium bombers fighters bombers and marine and navy aircraft already hitting the enemy home islands As Gen Douglas MacArthur and his air chief Gen George C Ken ney announced this new power shift in the air war against the Japanese dispatches from Guam and Iwo Jima recorded a series of blows by assorted army navy and marine planes against the main islands of Honshu and Kyushu the Kyukyus and vital rail trans port in Korea i Fortyeight Mustangs of the 35th fighter group hit 6 places on Kyiishu on Tuesday within 36 hours of arriving at their new 5th air force bases on Okinawa Ken ney disclosed the strike with this promise This is just the start We will continue to hammer Japan until she accepts unconditional surren cast in a generally quiet Some observers estirriated day that pleted Expansion of frozen foods is expected to start as soon as short ages end and supplies are plen tiful although the development to the point where entire meals are packaged is not expected to come until after VJ Day DONT FORGET The waste paper drive starts in Mason City Saturday morning at 9 oclock Mag azines papers and scrap are to be placed neatly bound on the curb Boy Scouts will make the house tohouse canvass Paper is needed in the war effort figure would be more than 4500 000 more votes than in any pre vious election The morning papers let their political consciences dictate their stories on the election The La borite Daily Herald predicted the conservatives would lose at least 100 seats If they did Churchills government would be out Lord Beaverbrooks conserva tive Daily Express on the other hand said the government would gain a 60 to 90 per cent majority It claimed socialist and liberal leaders were concedingdefeat Despite the heavy ballot it was a quiet election The incomplete ness of the voting register which hadnt been used for 10 years caused some complaints At Ply mouth hundreds besieged the po lice station demanding the right to xote and saving they had been residents of the city for years Some people turned up at 7 a m to vote and the inevitable British queues formed in front of polling places There was another late rush in suburban towns in the early evening as commuters came out on the late trains from London Of the 640 seats in the house of commons 613 were contested The conservatives needed well over half of them for Churchill to stay in as he has said repeatedly he wanted a sizeable working ma jority Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Friday night and in the Pacific war Adm Chester W Nimitz re rising temperatures Saturday Saturday Iowa Generally fair Friday Fri day night and Saturday Cool Friday and Friday night warm er Saturday Minnesota Fair and continued cool Friday night Saturday partly cloudy and a little warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 75 Minimum Thursday 54 At 8 a m Friday 61 YEAR AGO F C Eighmey Named Member of States Aeronautic Commission Des Moines Robert D Blue announced Friday that 4 state boards and commissions meet next week The newlycreated Iowa devel opment commission and the board of health holding its annual meeting will be in session Tues day Two other groups created by the last legislature will convene Wednesday They are the state aeronautics commission and the board of watchmakers examiners ported that the enemy ship was stopped and searched by an American destroyer as it ap proached and again as it left Wake island where U S marines held out gallantly early in the war until overrun by overwhelm ing numbers of Japanese assault troops American boarding parties found that the bulk of the 974 taken off Wake were suffering from malnutrition testifying to the effectiveness of the long American air and sea blockade of the island 1985 miles southeast of Tokyo Nipponese medical of ficers estimated 15 per cent of these wouldnt survive the voy age to Tokyo Fifteen per cent of the rescued enemy garrison taken off were suffering from ish soil In a statement issued through the Polish telegraph agency the London administration said any Polish government to which it would turn over its authority must be one which reflects the will of the people as expressed in elections The statement was a clear in dication of Arciszewskis inten tions to carry on the exiled regime despite the handicaps of nonrec ognition and the imminent drawal of British financial sup port for all but the armed forces and a few agencies necessary to out the liquidation of af fairs in London Meanwhile the newlyformed Polish provisional government of national unity in Warsaw started action to take over the assets of the rival London administration Polpress news agency for the Warsaw government announced the appointment of a 3member Polish government announced the appointment of a 3member Fol sh commission authorized to take over and secure al property of the Polish state in Great Brit ain bunal President Truman announced Roberts resignation late Thurs day to become effective at the end of this month He has served on the higfl court 15 years be coming its leading dissenter and APT COMMENT Springfield m Taylor Stitt a former Springfield insur ance agent now on military duty on a small Pacific island sent a request for a drivers license to the state automobile division Ap pended to the letter was the cen sors comment Wishful think ing DKIVE BY MY HOUSE I U1AMT 70 TOSS OUT SOME CHANGE TO KAY MY NEUSPAPER8OY TOMO8XOW F C Eighmey of Mason City manager of radio station KGLO is one of the newly appointed members of the state aeronautics commission Harry Hopkins Takes a Year Job as Labor Umpire tuberculosis Fourteen wounded The evacuation presumably re moved most of the Japanese gar rison and was a virtual admis sion that American forces could take Wake any time they wish In one of the most dramatical ly humane incidents of the Pa cific war the U S S Destroyer Murray intercepted stopped and searched the Japanese hospital ship Takasago Maru about SOD miles north of Wake Tuesday The Murrays commander re ported that a boarding party from his ship searched the Takasago with the full cooperation of the Japanese commanding officer who said his vessel was on the way to Wake to evacuate the gar risons sick and wounded The Nipponese officer said his ship would remain at Wake for a few hours and then proceed to Japan The American commander per mitted the hospital ship to con tinue its voyage New York CURVHarry L Hop Churchill Vacations kins former special assistant to the president was the new labor umpire of the New York Worn ens Coat and Suit industry Friday Hopkins acceptance of the post of impartial chairman of the in dustry formerly held by former New York mayor James J Walk er was announced by David Du binsky president the Interna tional Ladies Garment Workers union Hopkins resigned his a year job as assistant president Tuesday His salary in his new post will be 525000 a year As impartial head of industry Hopkins will preside over collec tive agreements between employ ers and employes DE GAULLE TO VISIT U S Paris IfP Gen DeGaulles headquarters announced Friday he has accepted an invitation 1 from President Truman to visit HWashineton next month in Basque Village Truman May Join Him Hendaye France UP This flagbedecked Basque town was doubly excited by the expected arrival of Prime Minister Church ill Friday and rumors that he soon would be joined here by Presi dent Truman Churchill was expected to reach here Friday afternoon and go to Bordaberry Castle the huge comfortable villa owned by his friend General Grutinel where he will spend a brief vacation be fore the Big 3 Berlin meeting There was no confirmation of the reports that President Tru man would stop here on his way to Berlin but they were rife both here and in Madrid accord ing U telephone reports from there The Polish telegraph agency said Lt Gen Tadeusz Komorow ski Commanderinchief of the armed forces to the London administration has issued an or der of the day maintaining that proclamations of President Wlad yslaw Hacziewicz of the exiled group remain binding upon all Polish servicemen Other Polish questions remain ing to be settled include Control of the Bank of Polands gold re serve determination of whether the Warsaw government is at war with Japan and the question of whether 26 Polish newspapers printed in London will be al lowed to continue What to do with the exile gov ernments army of 250000 was about the only remnant of the Polish problem left to plague the allies The British foreign office an nounced creation of an interim treasury committee for Polish questions lo snpervise the task of liquidation Polish forces which have been serving with the allies receiving supplies from the Brit ish government and pay from military credits provided the Lon don Polish government will have arrangements for supplies and pay safeguarded pending further de cisions the announcement added The troops will be maintained until a plan is worked out letting them choose whether to accept the Warsaw governments invita tion for all devoted to democratic often caustic critic of his col views Roberts turned in a new high totalof 51 dissents in the court term just ended But close asso ciates said he finished the term very happy in his work On his 70th birthday anniver sary last May 2 friends said he had given no thought to leaving the bench With Thursdays sudden resig nation persons close to the court recalled that Stone at 72 has been eligible since 1942 to retire at full pay ot Stone has served on the bench 20 years He has given no indi cation that he planned to retire but recent visits to the white house revived reports that he might have it in mind With Roberts gone Stone will be left to preside over a frequent ly disagreeing court having 7 members appointed by President Roosevelt Stone was appointed by President Coolidge but President Roosevelt elevated him to chief justice Roberts was appointed by President Hoover President Truman said he had no successor in mind for Roberts der Slambane entry of the 5th air force found these air units al ready engaged in the same cam paign 20th air force Superfortresses based in the Marianas and com manded by Mai Gen Curtis E Lemay newly promoted from command of the 21st bomber group Army Mitchell medium bomb ers Thunderbolt fighters and 2nd marine aircraft wing Corsair fighters and Avenger torpedo planes of the tactical air force based on Okinawa Fleet air wings I and 18 pri vateers and seaplanes based in the Okinawa area arid Army 7th fighter command Mustangs based on Iwo Jima To this lineup soon Is to be added the army 8th air force of European fame under Lt Gen James II Doolittlc which Is to in clude Superfortresses The strategic air forces the 8th and the 20th have been placed under command of Gen Carl A Spaatz whose strategic air forces delivered the longrange aerial knockout blow to German Indus principles to come home or to remain abroad Only such essential activities of the London Poles as educa tional and hospital services for Polish citizens in England and care of refugees abroad will con tinue to be financed by the British government the foreign office said With the establishment of the international status of the War saw regime clearing the way for admission to the united nations security league the London gov ernment headed by Premier To masz Arclszewski legally passed out of existence Civilians Can Look for Cut in Pullmans Washington UR Summer travel plans of American civilians took another jolt Friday with news that pulhnan space for non military users will be cut at least 50 per cent during the next 3 months Because of the unexpected swiftness of army redeployment the nations railroads are starting right now to reserve 75 per cent of their total of 6000 pullman cars for troops Whats more the army will take 100 per cent if its needed Previously military travel re quired anywhere up to 50 per cent of the total pullman space But the redeployment peak original ly scheduled for October is com ing this month instead according to the office of defense transpor tation Col J Monroe Johnson ODT chief said that the pinch is on and civilians are going to feel it try There has been no announce ment concerning Kenneys 13th air force now supporting Borneo operations Without waiting for additions or lor completion of the planned 25 miles of runways on Okinawa the air forces already within reach of Japan were pounding away steadily in a war of attrition The 5th air force fighters hit the Kyushu cities of Toiimbara Byu Izumi Chiran and Oraura and sank 3 enemy float planes in the northern Kyushu harbor of Fukuoka On Thursday nearly 100 Mus tangs of the 7th fighter command from Iwo Jima raided airtields in the Tokyo area for the 2nd con secutive day without air opposi tion and strafed docks and ware houses in Tokyo bay They destroyed 5 Japanese planes on the ground and dam aged 10 at Shimodate and Yatabe airfields northeast of Tokyo for a 2day bag of 48 destroyed or damaged and also sank one small boat damaged 12 and shot up hangars and shops Navy seaplanes and marine fighters and torpedocarriers sank G small Japanese vessels near southern Korea and in the East China sea Wednesday and Thurs day and the marines also raided Okinoyerabu and Kikai islands north of Okinawa SWEDES RECOGNIZE POLES Stockholm recog nized the new Polish government Friday Agricultural Lab at Iowa State College Returned to State Washington house has passed and sent to the senate a bill providing for the return of the ag ricultural byproducts laboratory at Iowa State college Ames ard to the state of Iowa The site was deeded by the state to the federal government in 1934 for use in agricultural experi mentation and extension work Since then however the federal government has decided not to use the laboratory Foes of Compulsory Military Training Get 2nd Chance to Argue Washington of com pulsory peacetime military train ing Friday were assured of an other chance to argue their cause before any legislation is recom mended to congress The house postwar military policy committee recommended Thursday that a peacetime train ing program be incorporated into the future national defense pro gram But Rep Andrew J May D Ky announced that further hearings on the subject would be held next fall Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your carrier boy ;