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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 6, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSfAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS IWrTED PRESS PULL LEASED WIRES HOME EDITION inrnri MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 6 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 231 BEDS HURL BACK STRONC NAZI DRIVE Series of Hit and Run Clashes Expected as U S Expands Holds WASHINGTON navy reported Tuesday that on the basis of incomplete information United States naval forces ap parently had caused the Japanese very heavy damage in the battle of Kula gulf Details of the action fought Monday Solomon islands time and apparently all over now still were lacking but there was no disposition in authori tative quarters here to consider it as a major encounter with decisive bearing on the Solo mons campaign v The impression prevailed rather that it was an action be tween fairly light surface forces of cruisers and destroyers Whether bombing planes partici pated was not known A navy communique said that sufficient details have not been received to give tlie results of this engagement but it is be lieved that while some damage was suffered by the United States force considerable damage was inflicted on the enemy At the same time the navy an nounced that the United States destroyer Strong was torpedoed and sunk Sunday night while en gaged in a preyipuslyfarrnoimceii bombardment iristal lations at Vila and on Kula gulf which lies between New Georgia island and Kolom bangara island in the Munda air base area The naval engagement first an nounced Monday night followed that bombardment The 2100 ton destroyer Strong commissioned only last year carried a normal comple ment of about 259 men She was an exceptionally large ves sel being in the destroyer lead jog class She was commanded by Comdr Joseph Harold Well cast Mass Whether he survived was not reported nor was any estimate given of the loss of life Presumably the vessel was tor pedoed by a Japanese submarine boldly operating within the nar row and dangerous limits of the Hula gulf Naval communique No 435 South Pacific All dates are east longitude ui ouiy tne United States Destroyer Strong was torpedoed and sunk while en gaged in the bombardment of Japanese positions on New Georgia island The next of kin of the cfs ualties aboard Ui Strong will be notified as soon as possible 2 On the evening of July 5 army liberator Consolidated B M heavy bombers attacked Japa nese installations on Ballale is land Shortland island area Five WCre startedAbout 12 zero fighters attempted to intercept but were driven off u S losses were sustained 3 On July G jn tjle eai morning the U S surface force engaged Japanese surface units in Kula Gulf off New Georgia island previously report ed m navy department communi que number Sufficient de tails have not been received to give the results of this engage ment but it is believed that while ute was by the United States force considerabU damage was inflicted on the en em yT The best information obtain able here with reports admit ealy terse and incomplete was mat the action which began early Monday morning was now over but that similar hit and run affairs could be expected in the future to develop in the centra Solomons just as they Ndid around Guadalcanal in the southeastern end of the island chain last fall and winter Sooner or later it is inevitable major importance results Wheth er this may come about in the central Solomons more quickly of considerable here since the current JapNaval Damage LIGHT SURFACE CRAFT FIGHT IN SOLOMON ISLES Smashing Aerial Offensive Against Italian Outposts Continues for Third Day 42 Enemy Planes Shot ITALY CANCELS ALL LEAVES IN ARMED FORCES SOFTEN UP MUNDAAmerican artillery units and bombers arc dropping a steady rain of steel on Mtmda Point on New Georgia in preparation for the drive to take the Jap base This photo made from a U S navy plane shows smoke rising center from enemy installations offensive seems to be developing at a mudi more rapid pace The navys first announcement tie is in progress in Kula gulf north of New Georgia island No details of the action have been received The situation appeared lo be somewhat similar to that during the fighting for Guadalcanal last fall which culminated in the de cisive battle of midNovember when American task forces smashed a Japanese sea borne drive to reconquer the island and thereby secured it for American occupancy The Japanese strategy at that time was to use increas ingly larger forces until the cli mactic action was joined Sf Iii the present ciHrasrcmciit the participation of light forces at the outset if that was Ihe it actually started would not preclude either or both sides from bringing up heavier units cruisers battleships and aircraft the con flict developed over a period of days W While the fighting for Munda of which the Kula gulf action is an essential part is similar in many respects to the campaign for Guadalcanal it apparently is the reverse of the situation at Attu island in the north Pacific just a few weeks ago The Japa nese were never willing to risk any of their naval forces in those waters hence it may be assumed that the enemy regards the ob jectives for which the forces of Gen Douglas MacArthur and Ad miral William F Hnlsey Jr now are battling as far more im portant While American official sources have tint commented on the Jap anese fleet dispositions the besf opinion here is that the enemys naval strength is divided about equally between a home fleet based on Japan ilself and a south Pacific force probablv based most of the time on Tmkisland Ary great weakening of the south Pa cific force probably would strain Japanese defense over the entire area since it is considered un likely that the enemy would draw heavily on his home fleet to strengthen the southern squadron The present fighting therefore confronts the Japanese with risks which they can ill afford even in lighter units such as light crui sers and destroyers ordinarilv considered expendable Break Up Raid Against Rendova By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Outnumbered U S fighter Japanese zeros Monday over Americanoccupied Rendova is land shooting down two more for a total of 157 enemy destroyed sitice June 30 mile American seaborne troops landed at Nassau bay in New Guinea last there was no re SJound fighting but air tirtAe V strafed Japanese troops between Sala maua and Nassau bay Salamaua one of the enemys two major bases in New Guinea lies 12 miles north of Nassau bay Dispatches said American troops steadily expanding theu grip on the central Salomons had won control of Vangunii island southeast of New Guinea after battling stubborn Japanese resis tance US casualties so far in the campaign were described as light SENATE VOTES SUBSIDY LIMIT One Vote Margin Marks Aclion on Rollback BULLETIN WASHINGTON Ufi The senate Tuesday reversed itself and rejected a proposal to place a limitation on the administrations food subsidies lo Hie end of Ihis year The pro posal first was approved 34 to 31 On a second vote little mire than an hour later it was de feated by a count of 33 to 31 WASHINGTON iVPi By a onevote margin the senate Tues day approved legislation limiting the administrations rollback subsidy program to S525000000 in the next six mouths to keep retail food prices down The vote was announced as 3 lo 31 The action apparently cleared the way for final action on a measure extending the life of the Commodity Credit corporation CCC until Jan I 1344 The senates version of a house bill which would have removed all restrictions against subsidy payments added an extra S176 000000 to the CCC for com mitments on the 1044 food pro duction program These funds sponsors of ihc amendment said could not be used in the rollback program No More Special Gas Rations for Gardeners WASHINGTON more special gasoline rations will be issued to victory gardeners after July 12 the office of price admin istration OPA ruled Tuesday but rations already out may be used as long as valid GIRL SERIOUSLY BURNED RED OAK Charlotte Alonzo Roof was burned serious ly Monday when her clothing was ignilcd as she attempted to Vichy Radio Declares Craft Filling Allied Mediterranean Ports LONDON leaves have been canceled for Italian armed forces in Italy and its Mediter ranean islands the Berlin radio said Tuesday as the Brilish com mandolike raid on Crete heiRhl encd invasion fears throughout southern Europe German Marshal Wolfram Baron von specialist in air and land force collaboration was reported in another German broadcast to have shifted his headquarters io southern tlaly apparently in the belief hat the allies will strike their first blow in the European offensive agamsl Sicily Sardinia or Italy itself The intensified allied aerial assault on axis airdromes in Sicily as well as the increased resistance encountered also pointed up Ihe threat to that sector of the Mediterranean front The r Vich radio said that every allied port from Gibraltar o Cypius was crowded with naval craft ranging from bat tleships to invasion barges The question of a separate peace whereby Italy could withdraw from the war was being openly discussed in Premier Mussolinis domain the Algiers newspaper Echo DAlger reported A European underground sta tion Gustave Siegfried Eins was heard broadcasting a report that Mussolini himself was considerin a separate peace whereby Italy could regain her lost African col onies The British commando raid on Crete axis base guarding Ihe Aegean sea invasion route lo Ihe Balkans again focused attention on the eastern Mediterranean at a lime when reliable reports reach ing Madrid from France said that the fialian general staff acknowl edged it cannot dispatch suffi cient forces to the interior of Greece to off an allied land ing 9 JR Jft If Italian garrisons deployed alone the coast of Greece should be attacked by allied invasion forces these reports said a co ordinated blow from the rear by organized guerrilla forces would place hem in a desper ate position The threat from Ihe rear was emphasized anew by the British middle eastern commands disclo sure that it had taken over di rcelion of he patriot armies an indication hat airborne war ma terial and ammunition were reaching the guerrillas in large quantities Allied Losses 12 ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA air forces spearheaded by U S Hy ing fordesses which shot down 30 German fighters struck paralvzing blows ai axis resistance Monday in battles for air supremacy over Sicily and Sardinia it was an nounced Tuesday The smashing aerial offensive against the Italian outpost islands went through its third straight day with bombers roaring over Ger bini Marsala Sciacca and Calania in Sicily and Villacidro in of them bases for the defending axis aerial fleets In 24 hours ending Monday 42 encmv planes were shot down acainst a loss of 12 allied planes it was staled officially More than 0 liberator bombers based in the middle east joined in he devastating raids shaking Messina in Sicily with nearly 375 000 pounds of bombs a communi que of the U S ninth air force de clared liils blanketing the ferry ter minal in Messina caused exten sive damage the communique said and bombs were laid on rail way tracks a roundhouse a ware house freight yards oil lanks and barracks by the liberators striking in three waves One siring of bombs fell across the Lazaretto Mole emy planesland wffiout loss themselves Flying fortresses striking at Gerbini won what is consid ered one of the greatest single mission victories of the entire Mediterranean campaign by by knocking down 30 out of more than 100 German fighters attacking them One of the greatest individual victories emerged too when Stuff Sergt Benjamin Warmer of San Francisco destroyed seven fight ers Despite the spectacular and seemingly suicidal taclics of the Germans the forlrcsscs success fully reached and bombed Ger bini where they showed explo sives over the main airfield and nine satellite fields Less than 30 of the big fouren gmed crafl participated in the raid Outnumbered about four to one they shot down an average of one enemy plane apiece and de stroyed an estimated 25 more parked on the ground Three fortresses were lost They handed the Germans such a savage mauling that throughout rest of the day only about 10 enemy fighters rose to meet succeeding bomber formations P38 1 i K h t n i n s s downed live ot these Bombers of he RAF and south African air force along with other groups of U S planes ranged far and wide over Sicily and Sar dinia They reported meeting little fighter opposition but some aircraft fire BOMBARD JAP INSTALLATIONSA navy communi que announced that warships forked arrow steamed into Kula gulf and bombarded Jap installations at Vila on Ko lombangara island and Bairoko on New Guinea island Lt forces have captured lower arrow the strategic village ot Vura on Vangunu island Allied pancs later drove off a Jap formation over Rendova island shooting down nine planes SAYS SIKORSKI DEATH IS GREAT LOSS TO ALLIES Churchill Heard in House of Commons M P Member Also Dead LONDON Minister Churchill told the house of com mons Tuesday that the death of General Wladyslaw Sikorski pre mier of the Polish governmentin exilc who was killed Sunday in an air crash at Gibraltar is one of Die heaviest strokes we have sus At the same lime Ihe house was advised hat Brig Gen J p Whilclcy a member of parliament was among the IS persons killed m he crash of he Liberator air craft whicli was bearing Silcoreki home from an inspection of Polish forces in he middle cast Whitclcy who was 45 a veteran of the World war and had been in commons since JSiT Sikorski who in addition lo be ing premier had served a com mander in chief of he Polish arm ed forces commandeered Ihe de voted loyally of Ihe Polisii people now tortured and struggling in Po land itseliy Churchill said Sikorskrs body meanwhile lay in siale Tuesday in the Roman Catholic cathedral in Gibraltar Beside him lay the body of Gen eral Tadeusz Klimocki chief of the Polish general start who met death in the same accident The crash of the fourengined liberator took the lives of 12 other persons CROP INSURANCE ISSUE RAISED Senate Tries to Revoke Death Sentence on Act WASHINGTON senate attempt to revoke a death sen tence on the Federal Crop In surance corporation FCfC re opened an old controversy with Ihe house Tuesday amid con certed efforts o complete con Kressional aclion by nightfall on four remaining appropriations bills The senate bowed lo house de mands Monday and agreed to in clude in Ihe 58482351183 larm bill a provision limiling he FCIC to 33500000 with orders to litiuidate This action was taken lo speed the farm bill to the white house Subsequently however the senate wrote into a S36G4I8 second deficiency appropriations bill an amendment raising Ihe FCIC unwopriiilion to S7318748 which would allow it to continue for another year writing insur ance on wheat and col ton We jusl switched the amend ment from one bill to another in the hope of gelling another houc roll call vote on crop insurance Senator Nye HN Dak said y il of the farm bill we removed the danger of it impending passage of that vital measure The deficiency measure in which Ihe senate increased house allowances from 530158000 to S366418748 went to a conference committee Tuesday for considera tion of changes Principal senate additions were S150000000 for war housing and 575000000 for the federal works agency to fi nance warneeded community projects House objections to senate amendments requirintf the Inllcrs confirmation of S4500aycar and up appointees of Ihe war man power commission and IZ other warcreated agencies delayed fi nal passage of the 32936215033 war agencies appropriations bill and a SI238622000 laborfedera security measure Funds for the arc included in the labor security bill Bear in California Goes Into Hibernation SAN FRANCISCO a small amiable sun bear at rlcishhacker zoo has deeply hurt the California Chamber of Com merce which is a little sensitive on the subject of weather Phoebe ignoring the calendar has gone in hibernation MACKENZIE May Signal Breaking of Great Storm By DEWITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst The opening of the heavy Ger man offensive along a mile front in the OrelBelgorod sector bloody cockpit in the Russo nazi battleline south of Mos sig nal the break ing of the great storm h i c h has been hang ing over Eu rope for weeks Whether this is a final all out attempt by a d e s p e r a te Hitler to crush the Russian armies isnt yet apparent But its a major operation which already has produced fierce fighting and U might easily develop into the big showdown In short his miiy be the crisis which should disclose in the near future what the duration of the Hitleriai portion of the world war is likely to be n a z i chief will have to put his re sources on parade The Germans probably have lccii impelled undertake his belated offensive cither fur the purpose or forestalling a Rus sian Berlin has been because they have decided that they are fairly safe from an immediate allied invasion of western Eu rope Both factors may enter into the situation Part and parcel of this attack undoubtedly is the phenomenon of the sudden appearance of fresh nazi aerial support for Ihe Ital ians in the battle for Sicily Ap parently Hcrr Hitlers harassed lnlSiIion sudden back flop and made himlreviserhjs cision to leave it Mus solini to stand off the allied in vasion which has been bearing down on him The nazi chiefs recent altitude lias been that of abandoning his partner in crime as no longer use ful to the axis cause Hitlers change of mind if not of heart is easily understandable in view of the opening of the Russian drive He has decided to impede the al lied operations in the Mediterran ean as much as possible while he is engaged in Russia German and Italian airmen over the Fourth save American and British squadrons attack ing Sicily the heaviest onpnsi lion since the height of Ihe Tu nisian campaign ft isnl yet clear how much nil power Hitler has shifted lo Italy or may be prepared to send there However he undoubtedly can spare a limited n m o u n I of air power to help ing he is safe from invasion across France An interesting point is what re action the nazi offensive in Rus sia may have on the allied plans for ultimate invasion of western Europe With Hitler heavily en Raged on he eastern front we have a situation which rather in vites allied invasion of France Quite likely Premier Slnlin fore saw this development when he re newed his appeal the other dny for an opening of a second front in the west Real Fire Interferes With Air Raid Defense Drill at San Jose SAN JOSE Cal have a fire over there said G E Arnold directing a Santa Clara county air raid defense drill Just as he pointed at the HersclieJtCanning company flames burst from behind the building The fire department took charge The air raid defense drill had to pretend a fire somewhere else Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Not much change ir tem perature Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Tuesday after noon Tuesday nighl and Wednesday forenoon MINNESOTA No decided change In temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 83 Minimum Monday night 61 At 8 a m Tuesday 65 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 49 Precipitation 6g 10000 NAZIS ARE KILLED IN BLAZING FIGHTS Russians Claim 738 Tanks and 203 Planes Have Been Destroyed MOSCOW red army ieported Tuesday that it had stopped cold the first onslaught of a powerful German offensive along a 165mile front which in 36 hours cost the nazis 10000 men killed 738 tanks and 203 planes Late reports from the blaz ing battlefield said that after absorbing the initial impact the Russians braced along a curving Hue between Orel and Belgorod regained all lost erouud and wiped out armored wedges driven Into their posi tions Adolf Hitlers third and long delayed summer offensive ap peared to be developing with great strength but it lacked the customary speed and spectacular early successes characteristic of German Officials Deny Offensive Has Been Launched By soviet account the Ger man drive virtually smoth ered at the outset and a Berlin broadcast came up with an old propaganda truck to deny that the nazi command had launched a big offensive Berlin said the Russians were trying to ascribe to the Ger man high command alleced plans and intentions in order to speak of German fatten In the past the Germane have consistently denied that operations constituted an offen sive until they were welt successful Military experts said it was too early yet to speculate whether Hitler aims to Iry o capture Moscow to the north the Caucasian oil fields lo the south or both The Russian people feel that this is the lust great test for the red army They are confident but soberly aware of the great effort invoixccl his previous drives and the toll was the heaviest suffered by the at thestari of any of their offensives in Russia The Columbia broadcasting system reported from Moscow that Russian planes tanks and infantry were counterattacking strong German armored forces after turning back the lank spearheads of the uazi offensive The red army has delivered the proper rebuff the soviet army organ Red Star said The enemy has suffered terrific losses Hundreds of panzers al ready are cluttering the battle field and many dozens of planes and thousands of corpses arc littering the forward posi tions Urging strong discipline in the face of what it called the new threat lo Russias existence Red Star said editorially that we know the enemy still is strong and has not abandoned his in tention to dominate our land More than 6GOO axis troops were slain and 152 tanks wrecked in the past 12 hours alone but nowhere had the Germans achieved more than temporary success in their longanticipated summer offensive hacked by the bulk of the 190 nazi and 28 satel lite Russia The Russian lines everywhere were intact after fierce night bat tles the midday communique said and front reports asserted that a German detachment which had wedged soviet positions to a depth of nearly a third of a mile Monday was being annihilated in a battle of extermination However baffles were con tinuing at frenzied pitch as the thrcxv tens of thous ands of troops and hundreds of tanks against the soviet lines all the way from the salient just norlh of Orel 200 miles south southwest of Moscow to Bel gorod 50 miles above Kharkov The Berlin radio still remained silent on the offensive more than 24 hours after its forces attacked A morning broadcast merely re ported livelier activity on the Russian front with the Soviets at tacking in the strength of a com pany 200 One hundred German tanks blasted their way through the so ;