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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pros and United Press Full tcucd Wlm Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 5 1945 NO 2U INSIDE WASHINGTON Washington Gay Society Life Purposeful Friendliness By HELEN ESSAEY Central Press Correspondent e a v e n knows there are enough books about Washington in books gossip volumes and histori cal tomes But the really useful book about Washington is yet to be written Perhaps the one I have in mind should be done by an oldtimer with a psychological torn of mind It should be something on the order How to Live Alone and Like It Its title might be How to live in Washington and Keep Your Spirit High Washington is a cruel place You must take it with your tongue in your cheek You must keep constant watch that your sensitive skin does not toughen into a thick hide To a newcomer the pin pricks have the strength of stiletto thrusts They are unexpected and very painful The newcomer is likely te accept some excited partygiving as a sign of sincere friendliness Of course there 5s a kind of friendliness in the partying of the town But it is a purposeful friendliness A hectic sort of keeping up with the crowd Of staying on view where important people meet Some fine unaffected citizenry have come to town with the Tru man administration I hate to see them learn to be Washington ians We are a rather overly smooth crowd here And not too typical of America Saw some indication in the pa pers recently that the Duke and Duchess of Windsor are planning to return to England This so some of their close friends tell me is not true The Windsors really wont to to to France as soon as the war is comfortably over on the continent An estate in the Riviera manner is their present ambition like to say something about the new look of the white house second floor That green sofa to be catacorrier in theMonroe room has its back to That green sofa was the sofa onwhich MrsBopser velt used to sit come press coixferf ence days First be Hops evelt feet tucked under is a low sofa NextCon fidential Secretary M a 1 v i n a Thompson note book in hand and pencil flying And next Mrs Helm social secretary note book more calmly in hand As I was saying the faithful sofa has its back to the door now The room looks as if nobody had sat down there lor weeks and weeks Everyother room of the white house second floor looks as if somebody loved it But not the press conference room Not that room sisters mine Please dont tell me youve heard this But if you have its worth a second laugh An important man and wife were guests of honor at a dinner the other night at the home of a couple who only hoped to be dras tically important An hour before the dinner one gnest dropped out the grippe The small daugh ter of the hostess was hastily sub stituted after a waminp to be very very good YouYe only being allowed to come because other wise we would have 13 at the table Toward the end of the meal the wife half of the important guest of honor said in an exasperated voice to the little daughter substi tute Youve been staring at me all evening my dear Tell me Because my mother said you drank like a iish replied inno cence at the party and I wanted to see how you dg it 29S HIT TOKYO NAGASAKI Australians Press Last Japs in Balikpapan BIG OIL PORT PRACTICALLY IN ALLIED HANDS Tokyo Clings to Story That Jap Lines Hold Says Casualties Heavy Balikpapan Borneo PC Aus tralian infantrymen struck Thurs day at the last Japanese foot holds in Balikpapan Borneos major oil port which already for all practical purposes is in allied hands Radio Tokyo insisted Japanese lines were holding and that an Australian attack spearheaded by 50 tanks had been repulsed with heavy loss It estimated allied cas ualties at 1100 since the beach head was made last Sunday 700 in the sea and 400 ashore Allied sources have said casualties were light American engineerswith the invasion celebrated 4th of July by sailing 2 of their LCMs into Balikpapan bay despite the fact it was not yet cleared of Japa nese mines The landing of the LCMs at Japanesebuilt pontoon wharves marked the first entry of allied shipping into the bay since the Nipponese took over in 1941 The bay itself was in strong contrast with the wrecked and scarred port city Only a few sunken ships protrude above its waters Artillery dueled meanwhile with strongly placed enemy guns across the 3 mile wide Balikpapan bay j rushed Philippines Will Be Base of Operations Against Japs Mac Arthur Message Says Manila the Philippine islands have been won back in the greatest disaster ever sustained by Japanese arms Gen Doug las MaeArthur proudly proclaimed Thursday and their 115600 square miles are being transformed into bases comparable to the British is lands to spur the march on Tokyo In 250 days of campaigning 17 JAP PRISONERS ENJOY CHOW AFTER RESCUE AT after their ship was sunk by navy planes Jap prisoners seem glad to receive American chow aboard a carrier Nips took seconds on most of their f oodU S navy photo construction of captured Seping gang air strip and a column smashed against strong opposition in a drive to envelop Manggar last major enemy air field in the invasion territory Three columns of the tropic hardened diggers who swept through the heart of the burned and devastated central city Wednesday joined in a headlong smash against the final refinery area of PanDaniari as the main Japanese forces appeared to be withdrawing to the northeast to ward Samarinda in the heart of the oil producing region An Aussie unit swept in an en circling movement on Pandaniari from the ridges which overlooked and controlled the central dock and industrial areas of Balikpa pan Still another column pushed after the retreating enemy on the Samarinda road with the help of strong naval gun fire and artil lery support House Okays Weakened FEPC Bill Washington UR The house Thursday passed an emasculated war agencies appropriation bill after friends of the fair employ ment practices committee knocked out of the bills total In the existing parliamentary situation the objection of a single member was sufficient to cut out funds for any of the war agencies set upby presidential order and not authorized by congress Southern democrats refused to allow addition of funds for FEPC on that basis FEPC supporters raised the same objection to 10 other agencies Washington pay days loom for tens of thousands of federal workers because of a congressional fight over the fair employment practice committee Their salaries are wrapped up in a appropriation bill to finance 1946 fiscal year operations of 16 home front war agencies BRITAIN GOES TO POLLS Swing to Left Seen a Distinct Possibility London estimated 27 000000 voters went to the polls for Britains first general election in 10 years Thursday Political ob servers saw a possibility of a swing to the left that could unseat Prime Minister Churchills conser vative government All signs pointed to one of the closest contests in British history matching the bitterness of the campaign Churchill himself laid down a blunt ideological challenge to the opposition when he invaded the laborites southwest London strongholds Wednesday night for his final speech of the campaign Ignoring catcalls and exploding firecrackers tossed by hecklers in the crowd Churchill declared that the course of all Europe hinges on the British election They are looking from the con tinent to see which way Britain is going to go he said SPAATZ TO LEAD RAIDS ON JAPAN Was Director of European Air War Washington Carl A Spaatz who directed the stra tegic bombing that leveled Ger many Thursday was given the same assignment in the Pacific Spaatz will arrive at the war department for conferences on his new assignment perhaps this week Under Secretary Robert P Pat terson announced at a news con ference the creation of the U S army air force in the Pacific with Spaatz as the supervising general reporting directly to General of the Army H H Arnold There will be 2 principal air forces in the new bombing com mand The 8th air force will be under Lt Gen James Doolittle and the 20th will operate under Maj Gen Curtis E LeMay In this connection Patterson pointed out that the giant B29s already have wiped qut a great part of the industrial value in Japans 6 major cities He fore cast that the secondary cities numbering at least 40willbe pri mary targets henceforth Ten o them felt the sting of the B29s in the past week Bny your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier CAA Authorizes 3 PostWar Passenger Routes Over Atlantic Washington civil aer onautics board Thursday author ized 3 United States air carriers to operate air transportation routes across the north Atlantic They are Pan American Air ways Inc American Export Lines Inc and Transcontinental and Western Air Inc Simultaneously the board issued a decision approving the acquisi tion of American Export airlines bv American Airlines Inc 2nd Wind Storm in Week Hits City Less Damage Than Before Another heavy wind storm struck Mason City early Thurs day morning and did more dam age in uprooting trees and blow ing down wires but the damagi was not as heavy as a week ago according to reports Rain accompanied the wind but only 6 of an inch was re ported No serious damage was re ported along Federal avenue a in the recent wind storm whe plate glass show windows wer broken The storm at Clear Lake wa accompanied by hail which re suited in some damage to gar dens City trucks were bus Thursday picking up branches o trees some of considerable size which were lying in the stree No report was received of brok en glass or extensive damage b haiL U S Produced 45 Per Cent Discloses Washington Chairman J A Krug Wednesday report ed the United States produced 45 per cent of the worlds munitions in 1944 while keeping Americans the best best bestclothed civilians in the world In the firstannual report ever issued by the WPB Krug stated that American war plants have sustained better than av5 billion dollars monthly munitions pace mce the summer of 1943 The nations have supplied the est equipment to the largest avy the largest air force and ne of the ISrsest armies in the Iorld the report declared and ur civilian economy though hort of some of the things to which it was accustomed has een maintained in a sound and lealthy condition In 1944 alone the country pro iuced 95359 planes including 6048 heavy bombers built 30 89 ships 17565 tanks 595330 irmy trucks and produced 3284 leavy field guns and Howitzers CORTINf ftUSTRnll DIES NAVY SEIZES GOODYEARPLANT Striking Workers to Report for Work Friday Akron Ohio IP The navy seized the 5 strike paralyzed plants of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber company at a m Thursday under executive order by President Truman and or dered 16700 ClOUnited Rubber Workers back to their jobs Fri day Capt H K Clark USNR took command of the rubber plants and moved swiftly to resume pro duction of warvital airplane truck and other tires which had been halted completely during the shutdown which entered its 20th day Thursday Captain Clark ordered the strikers to resume work on the regular Friday shifts or become subject to all proper and legal sanctions and measures avail able Goodyear officials said the strike caused by breakdown of negotiations between the firm and the union on 32 wage hour and working condition provisions had caused a production loss of IfiiOOO tires daily along with thousandsof other items used by the armed services Within 15 minutes after Presi dent Truman issued his seizure order in Washington Captain Clark and a staff of about 20 men arrived at the main gate of the Goodyear plants to take over in the name of the government American divisions whipped 35 Japanese divisions in rare instances when one of the a ground and 7454 light ones 152000 army aircraft rocket launchers 215177 bazookas and 1146774 ons of ground artillery ammuni ion Krug reported that the almost uninterrupted climb in arms pro duction from month y in 1B40 to a volume 10 times as jreat in 1944 was dogged at al most every step by crises The manpower pincli was acute last year he said because of the loss of nearly 1000000 from the civilian labor force To a high degree this loss was the result of inductions of skilled labor into the armed forces he said Inductions sometimes caused by a nottoo cautious weighing of the need for a work er on the production front against the need for that need on the fighting front The important and astounding fact is that in 1944 the year in which the crescendo of war mounted to a thunderous climax the American consumer and his family remained by far the best clothed civilians in the world Canberra Australia Minister John Curtin GO died Thursday after a long illness from a heart ailment with lung compli cations force superior in numbers was entirely destroyed by a merically inferior opponent Roughly 42000ft Japanese were slaughtered including such hated outfits as the 16th imperial di vision which tortured American and Filipino prisoners in the death march atter he 1942 fall of Bataan A spokesman estimated that possibly 30000 Japanese survive in all the archipelago cut up into groups and driven into mountains where they are reduced to guer rilla activity American ground and air per sonnel casualties up to July 1 were listed as 11921 killed 410 missing and 42569 total of 54891 General MacAHhur stressed as accomplished goals of the re invasiojj Acquisition of great landsea air bases for future operations comparable to the role played by the British isles against Ger many Collapse of the imperial con cept of a greater East Asia co prosperity sphere and the rein troduction of democracy in the far east Delivery of a crippling blow to Japans army navy and air force Severance of the enemys sprawling stolen empire so the north and south halves could be enveloped arid attacked turn while a seaair blockade pre vented raw materials from reach ins Japan or reinforcements from reaching the East Indies Liberation of our captured of ficers and men and our internees held in the Philippines AIR ASSAULT ENTERS 30TH STRAIGHT DAY Series of Smaller Raids Over Wide Area Reported by Tokyo Guam Japanese radio said 2 powerful American air fleets totaling some 300 Superforts Liberators and fighters attacked the Tokyo area the port of Na gasaki and other targets on Hon shu Thursday The preIuvaston softening DP of the Japanese homeland roared through its 30th straight day with morning and afternoon assaults paced by Superforts and libera tors with a strong fighter screen THURSIAN ARNOLD RESIGNS Washington The white house Thursday announced the resignation of Justice Thurman Arnold of the United States court appeals in Washington effec tive July 10 Arnold formerly headed the antitrust division of the justice department IeROY MAN DIES LeRoy SI services for C O Hanson 71 lifelong resi dent of near LeRoy who died at Ostrander Tuesday morning will be held Friday at the Bloomfield Lutheran church The Rev H Nelson will ofticate He is sur j t iiicji ttiiu uiriii vived by his wife a daughter and after 15 Tokyo broadcasts reported The raiding forces were re ported ranging widely over the main Japanese islands in what had become virtually a nonstop offensive by daylight The first enemy accounts Thursdays attacks said 9 Super forts and about 100 long range Mustang fighters hit Honshu They concentrated on the Chiba Ibaraka and Tockigi prefectures in the Tokyo area A few hours later about 209 Liberators and fighters attacked objectives in Kyushu The heav iest blow was struck at Nagasaki and nearby Omura the Japanese said Other targets in Miyazaki Ojta Saga and Nagasaki prefec tures were attacked Thundering in across the Japa nese coast in three formations the raiders bombed and shot up ground targets in eastern Honshu for a full hour between 11 a m and noon 9 to 10 p m ac cording to the enemy version The attackers centered their fire on Japanese airfields in Chiba Ibaraki and Tochigi prefectures east and north of Tokyo proper The same general area was pounded by a similar Superfort ressfighter team Sunday Meanwhile Tokyo reported that an American battle fleet was men acinr the northern coast of Japan Don Culver Dies While in Swimming Don Culver 27 employe of the Ideal Sand and Gravel company died suddenly Wednesday after noon from a heart ailment while swimming in the east pit of the companys quarries northeast of Mason City according to Acting Coroner Verne A Mettlcr The body was recovered by fire men and police about p m surprise bombardment against Japaneseheld island in the sea of a brother Weather Report FORECAST Mason Cily Partly cloudy and considerably cooler Thursday night Friday fair and rather cool Iowa Mostly cloudy Thursday with scattered thunderstorms in east and central portions cooler Generally fair Thursday night and Friday Cooler Thurs day night and in east Friday Minnesota Fair and cooler Thurs day night Friday fair and rather cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 88 Minimum Wednesday 59 At 8 a m Thursday 64 Precipitation 6 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 86 Minimum 63 ing Culver was the only one swimming at the pit at the time and had swum across the pond and was returning when he went down about in the center without a sound or struggle according to others nearby Firemen who worked on the body with the inhalator said that practically no water was in the lungs A physician was called and examined the body and reported that death resulted from the heart ailment together with exertion and the shock of cold water Culver who resided at 115 6th S W was born May 1 1918 at Sheffield He had been a resident of Mason City about 5 years Sur viving are his wife who before her marriage was Violet Mansmith of Hampton and parents at Shef field Also surviving are 8 sisters Mrs Laverta Scott Charles City Mrs Fred Schoening Mrs How ard Blanchard Mrs Paul Barendt Mrs Alvin Meyer Mrs Russell Crawford and Ilene and Berna dine Culver all Sheffield Also surviving are 3 brothers Delbert Culver Germany Pfc Harold Culver France and Junior Culver at home Air Culver was preceded in death by one brother S Rob ert killed in action The accident was he only one reported in the county in observ ance of July 4th here Funeral arrangements have not been completed The Patterson funeral home in charge after a Tuesday Sakhalin Ohotsk The strike on Sakhalin carried American naval power almost within sight of Russian Siberia for the fleets deepest penetration of Japanese waters since the war began It came as hundreds of Ameri can warplanes ranged at will over central and southern Japan with bombs and gunfire finding Tokyo itself virtually stripped of defend ing airpower First word of the fleet attack on Sakhalin and the presence of American battle units off north ern Japan came from the Tokyo radio and there was no immed iate confirmation from Admiral Chester W Nimltz headquarters Tokyo said American surface units had broken through the Ku rile island barrier and steamed more than SCO miles westward across the Sea of Okhotsk to at tack Sakhalin Tuesday Five warships of unidentified types steamed into Tarakai bay and opened a heavy bombardment of shore installations at Shikuka American submarines which shelled and machine gunned Kai hyo island south of the bay Mon day surfaced off Shikuka to join the attack Tokyo said Tokyo spokesmen added the us ual claim that no damage resulted but their alarm over the United States spreadingnaval activity in their northern waters was evident They said other American war ships in addition to the Shikuka attackers were loose in the Sea of Okhotsk north of Hokkaido in the same area where a Sship Jap anese convoy was smashed on June 25 The northern half of 500mJla STASSEN AT GOVERNORS MEET Cmdr Harold E Stassen left talks informally with Vice Adm A S Car pender commandant of the 9th naval district in the Grand hotel lobby at Maekinac Island where he addressed the governors conference Stassen whowas a delegate to the recent San Francisco conference foresees at least 50 years of world peace if the United States approaches world prob lems in the role of mediator rather than of dictator Nebraska Tornado Kills 6 at Rising City Rising City ffebr Six persons were killed and at least 12 critically injured by a tornado which swept a path 5 miles long and 2 vride north and west of Rising City Wednesday night Three of the victims died in a Columbus Nebr hospital early Thursday and 3 were killed out right long Sakhalin is owned by Russia Shikufca lies 55 miles south of the RussoJapanese boundary line 700 miles northeast of Vladivostok and 950 miles north of Tokyo Far to the south almost 750 American warplanes ranging from giant B29 Superfortresses to long range army fighters celebrated the Fourth of July with one of then heaviest night and day assaults on the Japanese homeland A great fleet of 450 to 500 Su perfortresses unloaded 3000 of fire bombs on the Shikoka is land cities of Kochi Toknshima and Takamalsu and the Honshu port of Himeji All 4 cities were brilliantly lighted when the giant ar rived shortly after midnight of fering an easy target for thousands of incendiary bombs Smoke and flames shot 15000 feet into the air over the stricken cities as the gasc line bombs caught hold in flimsy buildings below Returning Superfortress crews said all 4 targets were burning ;