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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, July 04, 1944

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 4, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of Y A f i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU I fnm aad United Full MASON Cm IOWA TUE8DAT JULY 4 1M4 NO CANADIANS OPEN DRIVE MAKE GAIN Reds 150 Miles From East Prussias Border PRESSlAPIDLY BEYOND MINSK TAKE POLOTSK Nazi Prisoners in 12 Day Drive Expected to Reach 125000 Moscow if Russian armies rolled swiftly west of captured Minsk Tuesday toward Warsaw and East Prussia less than 150 miles away while other soviet forces stamped out the last Ger man defenses in Polotsk gateway to Latvia and Lithuania on the Baltic The German communique saic Polotsk had been evacuated anc that the Russians had penetrated Minsk and pished ahead furthei west A spokesman for the en emy command said Russian van guards in some places already were nearly 40 miles west northwest of Minsk Slutsk and Polotsk A Berlin broadcast said Rus sian advances were so rapid tha great German units were left in the rear of the enemy The Finnish command said th Russians had started a new gen eral offensive on the Kareliai isthmus between Suomenvedcn pohja and Karisalmi with heavy artillery tank and air forces sup porting the infantry Since the fall of Minsk 239 PoJotskT was th largest Russian city leit m Ger man hands The German hoi onprewar Russia had shrunk t an area less than that of Massa chusetts Counting the prisoner bag at Minsk the Russian press said cap tives in the 12 day offensive that crushed the central front are ex pected to swell between 125000 and 135000 Two German di visional generals were captured Monday raising to 21 the Ger man general officers killed or captured in three weeks in Rus sia and France With the collapse of German de fenses at Minsk before 2 hard driving Russian columns a num ber of important new objectives lay ahead for the red army steam roller Culling between the flanks of the disorganized Germans and sporadic opposition the Russians were battling toward communications lines and border line cities of the soviet Baltic re publics and threatening the bulk of the nazi positions on the Rus sian side of the western Bug river In addition to being less than 150 miles from the east Prussian frontier the red army troops were only 38 miles from Daugavpils in southern Latvia 94 miles from Kaunas capital Li thuania and only 138 from Bialy slok in old important junction on the DougapilsWilno Warsaw railway In Minsk capital and cultura center of White Russia specia troops Gen Ivan Cherniakhov skys 3rd army and Marshal Kon stantiii K Rokossovskys first army rounded up hundreds Germans from cellars and attics from blasted apartments and houses Exclusive of the thousands stil to be counted in Minsk the pris oner total for the fastmoving sum mer offensive already had soare lonnally Predicts emo Platform to Be Vlade Very Short Washiuetou JK Chairman om Connally D Tex of the anate foreign relations commit ee predicted Tuesday the 1944 emocratic platform will be very hort with just a few things in t but among them a foreign lolicy plank strong enough to mean something His forecast of a very short ilatform added strength to re icrts that the democrats would lounter the 4000 or more word epublican appeal with a thumb nail statement expressing in the iriefest language a determination o take all steps to speed victory and insure continued peace Prominent democratic congress men here have made no secret ol the fact that the republicans placed them on the political hot spot with their detailed planks appealing to almost every seg ment of the voting population RECAPTURE 2 NAZISATALGONA Farm Family Holds Pair Until Officers Arrive Des Moines miss ing early Monday from the Algona prisoner of war camp 2 German prisoners were recaptured Mon day afternoon onarailroad right ofway 13 miles west of Ajcona the Federal Bureau 6f investiga tion reported The prisoners Korl Vogt and Ernst Backhaws were seen by Delbert Elbert a farm youth who told his father the FBI said EheElberts after noti cing authorities and arming lemselves with a shotgun acked down the pair and held lem until authorities arrived NOEMFOOR ISLE AIRDROME WON WITH INVASION Light Enemy Opposition Quickly Overcome in Attack Off New Guinea Advanced Allied Headquarters New Guinea m e r i c a n troops have invaded Noemfoor is land off Dutch New Guinea and seized its principal airdrome in a JOOmile swoop toward the Philip pines Headquarters announced Tues day that units of the sixth army under Lt Gen Walter Krueger landed on Noemfoors western coast Sunday at 8 o m Within 2 hours the greenclad nfantrymen overcame light en my opposition and captured Ka miri airstrip a 5000foot landing ield badly cratered by allied iombs The troops found 30 Jap nese airplanes there most of them lamaged beyond repair At last reports the invaders fere pushing toward the islands remaining airdromes one of hem 3 miles away Murlin Spencer Associated Press orrespondent said American cas ualties were among the smallest uttered in any landing operation n the southwest Pacific Only 45 Tapanese dead were counted in the GenDouglas Independence day communique Minsk Loss Great Blow to Germans By DEW1TT MACKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst The red armys capture of Minsk by storm from a defending force of Germans estimated at more than 200000 is one oJ the deci sive victories of the entire Hit lerian conflict Indeed I be lieve that pro gress in the European w a r in the immedi ate future de pends in major degree on this Gas Saving Plan Costly in Effort Helena Mont Wil deregg who lives on a hill idnt want to walk 10 blocks to his car was low on gas o he climbed in gave it a little iiove and coasted merely for locks Gassaver Anderegg reach d for the ignition kev then re lembered he had left it at home Sack up the hill the weary sailo rudged and then back downtown blocks toward the 100000 mark With Cherniakhovsky taking 13256 between June 28 and July 1 the prisoners in his secto reached 33256 With Rokossovsky capturing 3658 on July 12 his total went to 39338 Official an nouncements emphasized t h e s figures were only preliminary The actual total of these counting Gen Ivai Bagramians first Baltic army am Gen Matwei Zakahrovs 2m White Russian 80844 The escape route put of Mins between the yawning jaws o Cherniakhovskys and Rokossov skys armies to the north an south respectively was only miles wide and therefore it w highly possible that other thou sands would be caught before the could escape to the west Dispatches reported hard fight ing in the streets of bypasse Polotsk on the route to Latvia an in Molodeczno 4 miles northwest of Minsk Bo1 are on railways and highways in the Baltic republics Outflanked badly to the soul the Germans in Polotsk are seek ing to reach the safety of Dauga Our forces landed with prac tically no loss cither ground naval or air and promptly secured the airfield our main objective with out a struggle The seizure of thisbase will give added breadth and depth to our air development and will fur ther dislocate the enemys south seas defenses already seriously shaken by our previous advances Noemfoor 100 miles west of the Americanoccupied Schouten is lands where 2 airfields already are in operation is only 50 miles from Manokwari strongest remaining Japanese base in Dutch New Guinea Guarding the entrance to Geelvink bay it is closer to the Philippines than either to Darwin Australia or Port Moresby New Guinea Timor Celebes Davao MACKENZIE another great developing engage battle of Normandy On the latter hinges allied speed in breaking out of the Cherbourg peninsula into the French Hinter land which Hitler is using as a shield for western Tuesdays reports show things go ing well for us there The ancient citadel of Minsk which for long centuries has stood guard on the principal invasion route between Russia and Poland is toll gale on the broad highway leading to thence to Berlin Its fall presents vast po tentialities for it is in the very heart of Hitlers eastern battle line Not only are both flanks of the great unwieldly German front en dangered but one neednt indulge in wishful thinking to recognize the possibilities of a red break through However sufficient unto the day et cetera Its enough to know that the Russians have dealt the enemy a devastating blow More than a million red troops are battering the 300 mile Minsk sector in one of the most terrific offensives ever undertaken Some thing of the awe inspiring power being employed in thisdrive is seen the Russians liaveibatterecL their way forward about ISOniilessince they started 12 days almost unbeliev able distance to cover in the face of the best resistance Hitler could muster Thats nearly a quarter the way to Berlin and is only 150 BRITISH BRIDGE COMBATS ENEMY Bailey bridge built by the British is one of the best answers to enemy demolition It lias greatly facilitated the allied advance into Italy and Normandy mainly because it will carry great weight and the speed with which it can be assembled The bridge is named for its inventor D C Bailey of the ministry of supply Some parts are made in the United States miles from East Prussia Russian strength stands out clearly But thats not the whole story for German weakness fig ures in the situation Hitlers military machine is far from what it used to be and is de teriorating rapidly under the al lied hammer blows How could it be otherwise when nazi losses are so men killed or captured on the Russian front alone in the past 12 days Good news also comes from the other great battle in Normandy Thore both ends of the long allied front were flaming with initiative The Canadians smashed forward the vital Caen sector and cap Son Bom to Wife of Ousted Finn Minister Washington Hjal mar Procope wife of the ousted Finnish minister and her dayold son were reported doing splen didly Tuesday at Doctors hos pital The 9 pound 12 ounce boy born early Monday will have dual and Fin he is 21 when he can make his own choice Procope was handed his pass portabout 2 weeks ago for activi ties inimical to the United States He left Washington on June a week before the government severed relations with the Finnish government Mrs Procope was permitted to remain behind because her condition The state department gave Procope permission to re main here until the birth but he refused All Yank Guns Send Shells at Nazis on Noon of July 4 By HAL BOXLE St Sauveur Le Vicomte France at noon Tuesday every American gun in action in France sent a shell screaming into the Gciman lines Weapons from sharpcracking little 37millimeter pieces to the heaviest rifles in the Yankee armory joined in the great chorus while swelling this mighty barrage were the impromptu bursts from thou sands of machineguns i It was one of the greatest July 4 fireworks displays in history JOIN YANKS IN BIG OFFENSIVE AGAINST NAZIS Carpiquet Captured in New Drive Chop at Defenses Around Caen By WES GALLAGHER Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force fP The Normandy bridgehead roared into action at both ends at dawn on this American Independence day with Canadian troops capturing Carpiquet 3 miles west of Caen matching tile U S offensive down the Cherbourg peninsula which was closing in on La Haye du Puits on a 20 mile front Field dispatches said the Canad ians were fighting at close quar ters for the Carpiquet air field British troops struck forward with them winning ground south of Carpiquet The Canadian attack chopped at the heart of the German defenses about Caen but there was at yet no indication that Montgomery had ordered n general allout of fensive on the city Canadian Press Correspondent Ross Munro in a front dispatch said this was the first major Canadian action since midJune and it was a great achievement to have cracked into Carpiquet con sidering it is one the strongest points on the Caen perimeter and one of the keys to Caen itself With the BritishCanadian of fensive the Germans were en ils midway between Polotsk anc liga In order to try to organiz heir transport under the heavy ire of soviet bombers the Ger mans are battling fiercely in th quares and thoroughfares of th ity In Alolodeczno Russian tanks ind machinegunners foucht in he outskirts driving the Germans vest ward toward Wilno Here again the German garrison is run ning a dangerous risk of encircle ment In southern White Russia RO OT ssovskys left flang has reached Uoroch a railway town deep in Pripyat marshes and is form ng a semicircle threatening Bar inowicze Also advancing strongly on the Finnish front red army troops jitwi Oiln and Palau are all less than tured Carpiquet 3 miles to the I west of that railway center and German stronghold On the other end of the line the Yankees surged toward La Haye du Puits on a 20 mile front 1000 miles away 6000 JAPS KILLED ON SAtPAN ISLAND Noemfoor is 1400 miles south west of the Marianas where other American soldiers and 2 divisions of marines have taken almost two thirds of Saipan island and have killed more than 6000 Japanese at a cost of more than 2200 American dead or missing the heaviest cas ualties of the Pacific war The Americans have surrounded iaipans principal city Garapan m 3 sides and have squeezed the Japanese defenders into he narrow northern end of the is and There was no Pearl Harbor communique for the 24hour pe captured more northwest and than 50 west of places Petro zavodsk including several stations on the railway line to Sortavala In the first 11 days of the west wardsturging offensive the soviet troops have plunged forward some 150 onefourth the distance to Berlin Official an nouncements have reported some 225000 Germans killed or cap tured since the drive through White Russia began June 23 The fall of Minsk in peacetime a city of nearly a quarter of a mil lion came 3 years to the month after the Germans look it in their first plunge into Russia First dispatches from Minsk b a Red Star correspondent said the city actually was in Russian hands by noon Monday These reports said the streets were littered with German corpses Red Star declared American made jeeps entered Minsk righ1 behind the first tanks Red Stars dispatch said th German garrison of Minsk becarm panicky on the eve of the sovie occupation and that the Russian civilians taking advantage ofthi situation staged a bloody insur rection turning on the nazis wh had kept them in virtual slavery for 3 years WILL MEET THURSDAY Des Moines flP The Iowa Petroleum Conservation commit tee recently appointed to enlist the aid of the public and the oil industry in eliminating black mar ket operations in gasoline will hold its first meeting here Thurs day John W Schultz Davenport chairman has announced KILLED OVER JUGOSLAVIA Vernon Harlan of July 3 Honolulu time in LrMson 24 son of Dr and Mrs dicating that the situation on Sai Nelson was killed in action pan had not changed considerably pver Jugoslavia June 21 according MacArthurs headquarters also announced the capture last Friday of Maffin Bay airdrome on the Dutch New Guinea mainland 250 niles east of Noemfoor Nearby Wakde island airstrip has been in allied hands for 6 weeks The Jap anese still hold Sawar drome near the Maffin strip but allied planes have denied them the use of it JAPS DECLARE BONINS INVADED Claim Fighting Under Way on 2 of Islands London reports said Tuesday that American troops have landed in the Bonin islands 7QO miles southeast of Tokyo and that fighting was under way on Iwo Jima and Chichi Jima A Japanese headquarters com munique broadcast by the Ger man DNB news agency said a force of American Commandos attacked the islands from the ah July 3 and 4 Our troops engaged the en emy in battle which is still con tinuing at present the com munique said At least 30 enemy planes have been destroyed The reported landing according to Japanese accounts came at the height of a powerful American carrier assault on Chichi Jima ii the Bonins and Iwo Jima in the adjacent volcano group Both islands lying almost mid way between the invaded Mari anas and Tokyo were bombet last month by planes from Vic Adm Marc A Mitschers power ful task force 58 while marine The Americans were observing Independence day by continuing the attack begun at dawn 3us Ticket Venders Who Protested Wearing of Ties Back on SURGE AHEAD IN ITALY Chicago Ufi Wearing a Within Big Gun as wide open as the collars ol their shirts 14 striking Range of Gothic Line venders at the Union bus minal who walked off the The allied armies ast Friday in protest to a forward across the width forcing them to wear Italy Tuesday with the Ameri returned to work Tuesday penetrating to within 15 tent to let the war labor of Livorno Leghorn on untangle the knotty west coast and the lith army The strike which to within 8 miles of the spread to 3 bus terminals in communications center of city and inconvenienced an mated 50000 travellers Americans were reported urther complications to a Run range of prepared of July rush ended Monday positions constituting part when the company decided socalled German Gothic permit the venders to work line running from Pisa to tieless comfort while the on the Adriatic pondered the issue The whole area immediately promised to give a decision of Lake Trasimeno was the case in the near of the enemy as the Ger The 110 red caps there fled northward avoid operators information clerks combat with the 8th army auditors who had walked out possible This flight sympathy with the ticket came only after some immediately returned to work units had fought and per lieving the perspiring and in stubborn rearguard bat rassed bus company who with sleeves rolled up Typical of this lype of defense neckties in place had left the fighting for Magione or airconditioned offices lo cast side of the lake where 01 weary source said the German Churchill to Speak round The heaviest battles however Robot Planes Thursday London UR Prime Minister Churchill will make a statement in commons Thursday on the German robot bomb attacks on southern England Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the house reported on the west coas where the American 442nd regi mental combat team attacked th 34th infantry division spearhead ing the attack up the shoreline 1 a point 4 miles north of Cecina Artillery observers spotted solid string of enemy vehicle guns and personnel withdrawin Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST cloudy with widely scattered thundershowers i n west and north central portions Tuesday Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday Cool in northwest portion Tuesday and in north and west portions Tuesday night Not much change in temperature Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 84 Minimum Monday night 59 At 8 a m Tuesday 67 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 61 Precipitation 65 to word received by his wife Mrs Catherine Nelson Dr Nelson is fi nancial secretary of Cornell col lege from which LL Nelson was were landing on Saipan island graduated in 1943 IMRAMUSHIRO NCTHMLANOS EASTMMES aged at both ends of the bridge head a slope in our forward gun lines I watched the attack as a bedlam of firinc shook the front Munro wrote The guns drummed with a steady rhythm as they beat up the objective and rockettiringtyphoons dived like black meteors right on the Ger jnau positions blasting them at point blank range Germnn guns and mortars arc hitting the Canadians now The fighting is far from over and Ger man counterblows against Car piquet may be expected American columns were conver ing on La Haye du Puits from the north east and west One column reached high ground controlling communication arteries miles from the town Tuesdays German communique acknowledged the allies had made several penetrations on the west ern wing of the Normandy bridge head but claimed most assaults in that area were repelled Americans Cut Through Swamps Supreme Allied Expeditionary Force American first armys new offensive cut through swnmps in the neck of the Cher bourg peninsula Tuesday and closed in within two and a half miles of the important road and rail communications center of La Haye Du Puits In many places the American douffhboys fought their way through water waist deep Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys forces were pushing forward in a rouph semi circle from SI Lo DOurville to a point near Carcntan a sector roughly 20 miles wide air line There were no reports of any advances from Careivtan south to St Lo The Germans admitted possibly deeper penetration than the allies announced officially the nazi In ternational Information Service saying in a Berlin broadcast During American attacks alonn the highway toward Livor no Leghorn and Pisa ahead of the American troops Big Ameri can guns laid down a fire which was officially reported to have caused heavy destruction and slaughter For the first time in recent weeks the 5th army came under the fire of nazi 8barrellcd rocket indication the allied force was within range of pre pared enemy positions Allied headquarters announced the 5th army has captured 26500 prisoners from the opening of the offensive May 11 to July 1 bring ing the total bag sincethe Saler rto landing to more than 40000 Twentysix miles inland from Cecina the ath army captured Casola DElsa after some of the s t i f f e s t opposition encountered north of Rome Cecina itself was subjected to enemy air raids which caused little or no damage 2 SUFFER BURNS Chariton persons suf fered severe burns Monday when a gasoline truck overturned and burned on highway 34 near here They were Nahlon Foster 32 driver and Sgt Lester Young a passenger launched Monday between Caren tan nnd the west coast of Nor mandy German positions were withdrawn several miles at some Allied Communique No 57 said Tuesday morning that gains up to two and one half miles were made in spite of heavy rains which se verely restricted air support Until late Monday evening tha American drive had no air sup port but then clearing weather al lowed fighterbombers to hit Ger man concentrations in the Lessajr urea miles due south of La Have Du Puils In the Caen sector to the cast the Brtiish held firm in their bridge head across the Odon river The Germans launched a new series of attacks there but the allied su prcmc command said every one was repulsed La Haye Du Puits appeared the next objective of the drive which Bradley launched Monday a thrust which got under way in the surprisingly short time ol a week after the conquest of Cherbourg Should the Germans lose La Haye they would be forced back perhaps 10 miles to the next natural de fense line along the River Ay which runs into the sea at essay The American column closest to the town captured the highest ground in the center of the pepia ;