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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 4, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII THf NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UTWEO PRESS FULL LEASED FIVE CENTS A COPX ASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 4 1941 MASON CITY THg BRIGHT JPOT NO 229 All men are created equal with certain unalienable Are Americans This Is Last of Letters on S America EDITORS Ihe last if a series of articles written by IV Earl Hall SUsan city GloboGazelle managing editor in the course ol lour through South America one of a party of 12 tursts of the Carnegia Endowment lor International Peace amone these are Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness REDS CLAIM NAZI LOSSES HEAVY Number 100 By W EARL HALL ON THE ATLANTIC NEARING NEW this the last of a series of articles based on two months of fleeting observa tions in Latin America the bene enough I be provided by Mal colm Davis associate direc tor oE the Carnegie Endowment for Peace who both planned and managed the trip His appraisal of the venture follows some inter esting and significant views by three other members of our group jf jf Roland Hall Sharpe Latin American specialist for the Christian Science M o n i t o IVhat asnect of the South Amer ican scene impresses you as most significant for the United Slates The one inescapable conclu sion is that South America de pends on the European market by nature to the extent oE 73 pel cent in Argentinas total exports 63 per cent for Chile 50 per cent for Brazil and corresponding fig ures down to 31 per cent for Col ombia This means that whoever con tiols the market of Europe as a whole can dictate to every South American country since these countries all live by exporting The United States has no visible means for combating this dicta tion because on the long haul North America cannot replace Europe as a buyer of South Amer ican surpluses Consider the fact that the peace and security of the United States depend on a South Ameri ca in friendly hands and the dangers implicit in a nazi victory over England are evident On the constructive side United States security requires a friendly Eur ope as the precondition for a friendly South America V Clarence Roberts editor of the Fa rm erStockman Oklahoma City and director uf Federal Reserve bank of Kansas What opportunities exist in South America for investing foreign capita Such are few as relates lo capital the owner of which lives elsewhere Exchange controls in countries such as Chile prohibil the export of dividends In al countries of South America at present the export of capital is quite difficult or impossible or can be achieved only illegally Jn most countries of South America Brazil in particular op portunities for internal investment arc numerous Earnings from well managed properties run 10 to 25 per cent A poor invest ment anywhere in South America is one earning 7 per cent or less Savings accounts and time de posits earn 5 o G per cent All over South America capi tal is employed at high wages due In scarcity but the man who want to invest there should go along with his investment and live with it Y Doctor Graham llcnrv Stuart Latin American specialist in de partment of political science Ic land Stanford Uncle Sams Good Neighbor policy produced results Instead of answering directly why not let the record speak for it self First to eliminate causes of past disagreements the United States has withdrawn its marines from Latin America and accepted the principle of nonintervention The obnoxious Plait amendment treaty with Cuba has been revised and the unequal treaty with Panama rewritten The distrusted Monroe doctrine has become an accepted policy of consultation for mutual security Second to achieve future co operation the reciprocal trade agreement policy facilitates better commercial relations Communica tions have been improved by land sea and air Surveys have been ARMY RECEIVES DELIVERIES OF DIVE BOMBERS At Least Six Squadrons to Be Organized by Fall for Maneuvers WASHINGTON The army air force has started to receive regular deliveries divebomb ers it was learned Friday and plans have been completed for organizing by November at least six squadrons of these improved American counterparts of Ger manys lamed Slukas Authoritative indications were tlut approximately 10 0 dive bombers would be available for use in fail maneuvers when American troops will receive their first large suaJe training in he coordinated employment of air and ground forces In addition lo these new army planes a flight of navy dive bombers will participate in the maneuvers but the army has not yet indicated the number of navy planes involved Initial deliveries of the armys new highly specialized dive bombing planes began last month and the air force combat com mand now has about a dozen on hand As the number in service in creases squadrons will be organ ized until the first air group ol 54 planes consisting of one head quarters and three combat squad rons is completed In addition it was learned there will be at least two or three other squadrons and an unspecified number of planes in reserve In maneuvers it is expected that the divebombers will be employed in connection with armored divisions to form task forces of the hind which the Germans used with spectacular success in Poland and in the big breakthrough in the coun tries and France a year ago A task force is a fighting unit developed for some specific type of military operation In fact it was the nazis extra ordinary success in smashing allied defenses with Stukas which first raised widespread demands among military experts in this country fo the addition of divebombers ti made to discover new salable pro ducts and money provided to stim ulate their production The prin ciple of continental defense has been accepted and its achievement made effective In fact the past promises of PanAmericanism have become the present results of the Good Neigh bor policy Malcolm Vi Davis associate director division of intercourse and education Carnegie Endow ment for International tthat good purpose do you think roav have been served by ntir partys month visit to Latin America This group from all of the United States has been able to carry directly to all South Ameri can countries except two evidence of our growing interest in them and their problems Coming from varied fields the individual members have gathered in formation on many phases of life in these agriculture anthropology com merce education industry jour nalism politics social welfare and in the process have met people with whom they feel they can cor respond and cooperate On the homeward trip they have exchanged the results of their separate work so that everyone re turns to his own place with the fullest knowledge possible of all that has been learned Friendly relations between countries depend finally on people who have confidence in each oilier and this experience may progres sively swc tliat purpose in tiie Americas Greeted in Captured Town w were welcomed by a portion of thepbpulation of piec 1 oland as the town fell to the invaders German sources reported This photo was sent from Berlin to New York via radio the air force and de bate as to the merits of those ships in comparison with two and four engined level bombers The navy had used dive bombers for several years but army exponents of level bomb ing argued tlic navy airmans problem in hiltinc a movinK battleship catted for that type of weapon whereas the army bom bardier normally would have a fixed target such as a fortifica tion or troop concentration Army divebomber advocates contended on the other hand that even with this countrys secret bombsight level bombing from comparatively high altitudes could never be as accurate as that of planes which dived to within a few hundred feet of their targets before releasing their explosives In support of their argument they cited the accomplishments of the Germans The discussions resulted in a war department decision to order some of tlie flying artillery as the dive bombers arc called and the pres ent plane 1 singlemotor craft much like those used by the navy was developed Los Angeles Waitress Finds on Table LOS ANGELES Tazudo Uragani found on one of her tables but she Just couldnt convince herself it was a tip So he turned it over to police She said a fidgety Filipino had just left the eating a 15 cent j sandwich RAF SMASHES AT N WGERMANY Reports Large Fires Started at Essen Nazis Say Damage Slight LONDON air minis try said Friday that Royal Air Force bombers started large rites in attacks on Essen and other northwest German points Thurs day night In the night attacks following daylight sweeps over northern France in which 11 German and seven British planes were shot down seven RAF bombers were reported missing the air ministry Essen was one of the principal objectives of the raid the ministry said adding that here and else where in the Ruhr large fires were started Other attacks were centered on Bremen and Bremerhaven the communique said REPORT DAMAGE AT BREMEN SLIGHT BERLIN official news agency DNB said that 12 British bombers attacked Bremen early Friday and dropped a few missiles which caused but slight damage to tlie city and harbor German antiaircraft guns shot down four oC the raiders DNB said British Fly American Flags Many Ask What Is Being Celebrated LONDON slant and stripes fluttered widely over the United Kingdom Friday as Brit ons honored the United States on Independence Day American flags flew from prin jcipal railway terminals hotels and oilier buildings and Ameri can patriotic music was playec through loudspeakers at this citys Waterloo and Victoria sta tions Many Britons kept the United States embassy telephones busy asking about the holiday Many of them Im afraid thought it was Thanksgiving day but drant seem cmbarassed when told what we were celebrating an embassy attache said Trial Air Raid Alarm Is Staged in Moscow MOSCOW rial airraid alarm was taged Friday morning in Moscow beginning at a m and ending one hour and 20 min utes later It marked the third time the sirens had been sounded in the capital since the start of the war with Germany Japan Recalls Some Remote Ships to Meet Shortage Near Home TOKIO UR A government spokesman said Friday that Japan had recalled some merchant ships from very remote districls in order lo meet a shortage of ship ping in waters close to Japan The spokesman denied that all mer chantmen in the Atlantic or any other services had been recalled DOUBLING ARMY SIZE BELIEVED TO BE PLANNED First Congressional Comment Hits Proposal to Extend Service WASHINGTON for substantial increase in the size ot Ihe United States laps to I o u I 1 c its present believed indicated by the general staffs con troversial request for power to iiold national guardsmen and se lectees in service and to use them beyond the confines of the west ern hemisphere if necessary The question of the armys future was momentarily obscured by the rush of highly critical congressional reaction to the hiffh commands request but Hellinformed officials pointed out that the two sub jects were very closely linked The armys present strength they noted was about J400000 men If the bulk of those men are to be kept on duty new regulars recruited and the scheduled 900 000 trainees inducted in the next year they said the land forces would be close lo al the high command has mind for the first expansion one is deemed necessary because of world conditions Critica equipment is being manufactured for an army of that size Regardless of its ultimate ob jectives Thursdays r e q u e s touched off a word tempest on capitol hill where most of Hit legislators to volunteer conunen were openly hostile to granlins the power asked Generally congressional reac tion followed two lines Some re jectcd tlie idea of extending th Knudsen Asks Plants Keep Up Production WASHINGTON Di ector William Jj Knudsen Friday irged the nations defense indus to maintain production as illicit as possible during the long loliday week end Knudsou sent telegrams to arious industries particularly to aircraft niamifacluiers express ng the hope that there will be 10 total blackout in their fac1 cries J While the messages were po ilcly phrased they were consid ered to be more in the nature of a warning than a plea It was recalled that Knudsen was highly displeased with certain aircraft manufacturers who shul down their plants during the three day Memorial day week end His associates said that lie iiad warned those industries that lie would not counlenance another cessation of operations for such masons That blackout official said was largely responsible for a drop of 55 in the number of military aircraft delivered during May Deliveries that month totaled 1 334 airplanes as against 1389 in the previous month May expec tations had as high as 1600 DeirEzZor in East Syria Is Occupied by British Indian Force CAIRO Egypl of DeirEvZor by dian force driving time of service on the it would be breaking round tha faith will Yegg Swings Sledge Hammer Breaks Open Safe at Waterloo WATERLOO safe cracking at the Peter Pan Baking company office in the west busi ness district here early Friday netted S466 cash and checks lo laling Tor a strong arm burg lar C M Dntoon office manger told police detectives Officers who discovered the brcakin at 1 a m said the burglar apparently wielded a heavy sledge hammer against the safe door and lock springing the door and breaking the dial and locking mechanism Shoelace Causes Strike S Y D N V Y Australia Probably tile queerest incident in Australian industrial history caused a strike Tor several days at Mascot Iron Foundry Pty Ltd Sydney About 50 men struck be cause of their workmates was dismissed for refusing to tie his employers shoelace the guardsmen or trainees who had been mobilized or inductee with Ihe understanding that they would be released after one yea of service The other attack centered mi the request for permission o use guardsmen or trainees nut side of the hemisphere Critics at the administrations foreign policy viewed it as another step toward eventual United Stales participation in the war and Senator Wheeler DJIoiit charged that the administration planned o use American troops to occupy Iceland All this immediate reactio presaged a lively legislative fight for congressional approval would be necessary on both points The selective service act as it now stands fixes a year as the length of service and bans use of selec tees outside of the hemisphere except in American possessions The same provisions occur in the legislation mooiliva tion of the national guard British In into eastern Syria from Iraq along the Eu phrates river was reported Friday by the middle east command At the line of advance across Syria toward Aleppo site of an important air base and the Mediterranean coast near the Turkish frontier a po tential avenue of retreat for the Vichy communique said lie British seized five guns two warplancs and many vehicles It reported no important devel opments on other fronts in Syria Knsl Africa or North Africa GERMANS WE ARE GAINING ON ALL OF FRONT Nowhere Do Russians Admit Approaching Collapse in Struggle By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias high command Friday a vast slaughter of Ger nnn troopsin the second day ot fighting along the bloody Bcre ziria river 400 miles west of Mos cow with thousands of German dead blazing tanks and enemy aircraft littering the battle field Countering official German claims that the backbone of the red army was broken a soviet communique declared also that nazi invasion forces suffered a heavy defeat during the night in the Dobruisk sector 90 miles southeast of Minsk Fuehrer Adolf Hitlers head quarters asserted that pursuit ot the red army was proceeding re lentlessly along the whole eastern front 1 The nazi high command de clared that German forces driv ine toward Moscow had now crossed the Berezina graveyard ot Napoleons ill starred venture into Imperial Russia in it was evi dent that another jrrcat battle uas raping Heavy losses were being in flicted on the Russians the bulletin said the pursuit BONDKD DKBT CUT DES MOINES iJf In eight Cdrs Iowa has reduced its bonded indebtedness from per capita Weather Report FORECAST IOWA AND MINNESOTA Gen erally fair and somewhat warmer Friday night and Sat urday MASON CITY Fair somewhat warmer Friday night and Sat urday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 77 Minimum Thursday night ft At 8 a m tridav 71 YEAR AGO Maximum 76 Minimum IK EXTENDED FORECAST CHICAGO lURWeather fore cast for the period from p m July 4 to p m July n 1341 inclusive Central Stand ard Upper Mississippi vallry Iowa and Illinois Indiana Wisconsin and Minnesota except those por continuing despite difficult road conditions lUcapiUiInting the 12day battle or Bialystok which ended earlier this week the official German news agency DNB asserted that of thousands oC Rus sian corpses were strewn over the forest battlefield Between 4UflOOI and 500000 red array troops were said to have been engaged in the battle in which the Germans claimed that 100000 prisoners were taken Previously the German high command had said that due lo the violence oC the fighting Russian casualties exceeded the number of prisoners tnken V X Tlic main German ttireal apainst Moscow apparently cen tered in alternative blows at liorisov 40 miles northeast of Minsk on the road to the soviet capital and at Bobruisk The enemy is everywhere j meeting with stubborn resistance tions that drain into the Great Temperature will average above Ukraine from our hoops devastating ar tillery fire and crushing blows by the soviet air force the Moscow communique snid Further north in the Dvinsk sector of Latvia the Russians re ported they had taken up neiv positions attcr engaging German columns which crossed the Dvina river at two pointy Nowhere did the Russians ad mit approaching collapse in the 13 day old struggle In southern Poland soviet troops were pictured as putting up a terrific battle against rmics lunging toward the rich normal with rising trend first half of period Little or no rain fall indicated except light to moderate showers over west por tp drop ot 24 per cent tion near end of period PRESS Against a sobering background of strife abroad aand stern prep arations for defense at home the United States Friday celebrated the Fourth of July witi tradi tional enthusiasm The manner of celebration varied ns widely as the terrain of the states For some Independ ence day brought excursions to beaches or mountains or picnics in public parks Many towns and rural communities planned r unions barbecues and rodeos But wherever they might be millions of Americans were ex pected to pause at 3 p m central standard time to her an Inde pendence day address by Presi dent Roosevelt broadcast from his home at Hyde Park N Y At the conclusion of the presi dents speech the listeners were invited to join Chief Justice Stone in repealing in unison the oath of allegiance to he flag Then in all quarters of the coun Plans Celebrates Independence try at the same moment millions of voices were to join in a gigan tic chovus singing the national anthem Emphasizing the current co operation between Britain and this nation the stars and stripes flew beside the union jack Friday in many sections of the United Kingdom The London Daily Her ald declared editorially that the faithproclaimed in Philadelphia in 1776 is the faith or which we of Ihe British commonwealth are fighting today In a speech broadcast over the world by short wave Wendell L Willkic republican presidential candidate last year declared I am quite sure that before long now the great force of the Ameri can navy will be brought into play to insure the delivery of sup plies to Great Britain Tlic department of commerce at Washington estimated that small and some nriulli would linht the fuses of some S3500 000 worth ot fireworks Friday but warned next year dcj fense priorities might the domestic production of holi day noiscmakcrs Unless the motorists drive with extreme care the Na tional Safety council cautioned some 475 lives may be lost in traffic accidents over the holiday weekend The counsel said the The communique indicated that Ihe German advance in this sec tor had been halted declaring In the Rownc and Tarnopol di rection our troops continued fierce fighting against strong ene my forces counteracting their ad vance toward the east and south cast Responding lo Ircmier Jo soph Stalins call for a campaign of scorched earth and gueril la warfare the Russians report ed that a German munitions train had been blown up en route fo the front throuffh nazi nccupicd territory exterminat ing the crew Cases of sabotage deep in Ihe average loll for normal July German i car were reported in cronsmc Saturday Tim Russian pdmitlfrl n7i troops had forced s crossing of weekend is DO deaths Friday 140 fatilitirs each and Sunday ;