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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 3, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOK THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL Associated Press and United Press Fun Lease WIres NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS One Afons Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor After 4 Years of Independence JUST four years ago 4 194 states of America made good to th Unted on a islands taken moved into their Despite extensive and from this country the Filipinos have had 4 tempestuous years Ration on this anni versary of their independence is anything but heartening They are bedeviled by vexing problems of hand On other a mounting threat of civil by communist would be tes f e es twnony of many a resident of the Philippine islands that independ ence was something a great deal iha in anticipation than it has been m realization Be that might be worth white Trouble Grew Out of War Sla1rt of the islanders pres trouble was the war The Jans came in without too much trouble held sway for an extended period andwere driven out ultimately it was m connection with their dislodging thatthe islands par ticularly Manilla suffered most e sPawned an organiza which has grown in numbers and importance in the time since It now constitutes a national nuis ance at a national peril at Its called the Hukbalahap and its members are known Rail Union Threatens Long Strike Serve Notice Walkout Will End Only for Emergency Washington Morse ROre said Monday president Truman should take immediately whatever steps are necessary to end the railway switchmens strike because we are at war Chicago Switchmen Union of North America refused Sunday agovernment plea to cal off its strike against 5 western and midwestern railroads At the same time it served no tice that the strike will end only if the nation becomes involved in war or President Truman should declare some other national emer gency exists It offered however to help m movement over the struck lines of any shipments the government should deem essentia to the national economy The statement was in reply to the request made of the unior Saturday by John Thad Scott Jr chairman of the national rail way mediation board In his request Scott asked the switchmen to go back to their jobs in the national interest be cause of what he called current MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 3 1950 By JACK BELL GOP Leaders Ignore Policy Statement by Party Offshoot Hickenlooper Demands New AEC Chairman This Paper Consists of Two OM critical developments from the fighting in Korea Question Emergency arising The union reply questioned Huks as In a number ofx respects this organization parallels the com munist party which started out small in northern China not so many years ago Not real com munisteJust agrarian reformers it used said about those Chi rieje The same being said today about the Philippine Huks More Than Agrarian Reform Against this however is the known fact that their leader Louis Mao an avowed communist and that he is moving heaven and earth to make his organization a part of the in ternational communist movement So lets not be bamboozled by that agrarian reform business Central Luzon where the Huks chiefly operate is a region of large landed estates owned by wealthy Filipinos and in some cases by religious orders which originally obtained them as royal grants from the King of Spain These large estates devoted mainly to rice culture are tilled fay tenants under a cropsharing arrangement which before the war left the tenant family a pathetical ly small income The situation was one designed to make communism plausible Misery always begets a political extremism Then the war came along and the landlords left their haciendas In the hands of the overseers and stayed in Manila where there was peace and the Jap bayonet The peasant stayed be hind worked the fields and fought Jap who tried to confiscate his produce Peasants Took It All It isnt surprising therefore that the tenant farmers who during the war were able to take all in stead of only a half of the crops fvere loath after the war to return to the old order To that extent therefore Philippine communism is an agrarian revolt Since independence came the Philippines have had 3 adminis trations The first was under President Osmena He tried to get the Huks to accept a GO per cent deal with the landlords but un successfully His successor President Roxas who had played buddy to the Jap anese obtained passage of a law which provided for a 6030 divi sion of the farm crops This time however it was the landlords who opposed him Then Roxas died andhis vice president took over Quirino im mediately started a new attempt to settle the Huk problem In a personal meeting with the presi dent Taruc Huk leader pledged allegiance to the government and Quirino proclaimed an amnesty for members of the Huk DoubleCrossed by Reds Congress approved the action and Taruc assumed the seat in the house of representatives to which he had been elected in 1946 How ever only a handful of Huks reg Jstered or turned in their arms as required by the agreement Tarucs election to congress was annulled As tomost communists an agree iment to him was no more than a of paper Three months later that was a year world was when the widow daugh ter and soninlaw of former President Quezon enroute to dedi a memorial at his birthplace 1 CONTINUED ON PACK whether a national emergency now exists The walkout of 4000 switchmen June 25 has left 4 of the 5 rail roads completely tied up since then The 5th line theP Great Northern has been forced to cur l Thousands of shopcraft office and other work ers have been laid off by S the strike the called In addition to the Great North ern the struck railroads are the Chicago Rock Island and Pacific the Chicago Great Western the Western Pacific and the Denver and Rio Grande Western The switchmen walked out in support of their demand for a 40 hourweek at 48 hours pay They rejected a presidential factfind ing boards recommendation that they accept the 40h our week with a pay boost of 18 cents an hour Up to Railroads A spokesman said Sunday the next move is up to the railroads or mediation board and added that neither had made more than rsmall effort to settle the strike We ve done all we can he said The union said it has made major concessions during nego effort to the differences and accused the railroads of merely waiting for the government to crack down on a union and pull the carriers off the hook The statement did not give de tails of the concessions Hickenlooper Spent Des Moines S Senator Bourke B Hickenlooper reported Monday he spent in win renomination in me June 5 primary election Hickenlooper listed contribu tions totaling Hickenloopers report was filed with the secretary of states office in accordance with state law Wednesday is the deadline for such reports Washington leaders turned a cold shoulder Monday on a new statement of principles put out by selfstyled rank and file party members calling them selves The Republican Advance A spokesman said the repub lican national committee Avould ignore the groups declaration which urged the party to form a progressive program and drop its purely negative opposition to Truman administration proposals In contrast this spokesman said t h e national committee is busy compiling a campaign document listing what the republicans call mistakes in Truman administra tion foreign policy particularly in the Far East Senators Taft R Ohio and Thye RMinn have suggested such a course Senator Wherry of Nebraska the GOP floor leader saH after reading the lengthy document is sued by the Advance group in Philadelphia that he still stands on the declaration of principles put out through the national com mittee last February If any group of republicans wants to back a man for the pres idential nomination they ought to get on that platform and get to work he told a reporter Eisenhower Talk There was speculation among Washington republicans that some of those represented at the Phil delphia meeting might be getting into position to support someone like General Dwight D Eisenhow er for the partys presidential nomination in 1952 There was no suggestion that Eisenhower had anything to do with formation of ihe advance unit although Senator Ives R who openly is plugging for he generals nomination took an active part in getting the group organized and praised its state ment of principles Ives said the statement which aid stress on efforts to enact civil legislation fills a vacuum n present day thinking and pro ddes chart and compass by which he American people can extricate hemselves from the fallacies and follies of the newdeal fair deal dynasty Principles Criticized Ives criticized the February tatement of party principles on grounds that it didnt pledge defi on civil rights As cardinal principles the Phil del phia group called for 1 A tax policy to provide max mum industrial incentives for wners managers and workers 2 Vigorous enforcement of the mtitrust laws to curb monopoly apital 3 Long range assistance hrough public works and proj cts designed to stimulate new conomic opportunities with an By OLIVER W DEWOLF Washington republi senators demanded Monday that President Truman name a new permanent chairman for the atomic energy commission at once The senators were Hickenlooper RIowa and Bricker ROhio The atomic post was thrown open when David E Lilienthal re signed last Feb 15 Since then Mr Truman has named 2 tempor ary T Pike who left last Friday when his re appointment for a new 4year term hit a senate snag and Gor don Dean who now holds the job Says Action Long Delayed Hickenlooper ranking republi can member of the senatehouse at6mic energy committee told a reporter that a commission chair man should have been named long ago He noted that Lilien thal announced last fall that he intended to quit and added Since last November it has been known that it would be nec essary to name a chairman but up to the present time no chairman has been named I strongly urge that the president now appoint a chairman Bricker also a member of the committee said the job requires top flight talent and he thinks men with the necessary qualifi cations are available Thechairmanship ought to be filled at once he said in a sepa rate interview Such a job if properly presented would chal lenge the most able men in the No 22S Order U S Marines to Japan to Bolster Attack country Only 3 Meet ndorsement of deficit spending imng times of depression 4 The exercise of maximum fficiency and economy in gov rnment as recommended by the Hoover commission 5 Intelligent conservation bf ur national resources The commission now is operat ing with only 3 of its authorized 5 members One vacancy has existed since April 15 when Lewis L Strauss left The other occurred Friday when Pike was forced to step down after 3i years of serv ice Mr Truman named the 58 year old Maine republican for a new 4 year term Last Thursday senate members of the atomic committee voted 5 to 5 to send the nomina tion to the senate with a recom mendation that it be rejected The senate which usually fol lows committee recommendations on major appointments is slated to act Wednesday WHERE YANKS SPEED NORTH TO MEET RED THRUSTSOpen arrow designate area where U S troops are advancing north from Taejon to meet the communist surge southward solid arrows on roads spanning a 55mile front There were 4 red columns across the Han river with Suwon outflanked by the 2 mechanized columns moving south eastward from the Yongdunpo area Two other columns have pushed south from the area east of Seoul and a 5th column was reported by the North Korean radio to have captured Wonju Black area is approximate extent of North Korean control SAME Black ting means traffic death In past hours American Lutherans Predict Church Union Columbus Ohio of the American Lutheran church Saturday predicted its members would approve union with the Evangelical Lutheran and the United Evangelical Lutheran churches The action would come next October at the annual meeting of the ALC in Columbus Members of the other 2 Luth eran groups already have ap proved the merger The new church would have a total membership of more than 1500000 and certain segments are trying to get other Lutheran de nominations to join the unity movement The Evangelical Lutheran church voted overwhelmingly at its annual session in Minneapolis Minn this week in favor of a resolution to empower or elect 9 members of a joint union com mittee with eventual organic union in view Father Keller to Speak Here At Iowa Rally for Holy Name The Rev James Keller founder of the Christopher movement wil be the speaker at a state wide ral ly of the Holy Name society Aug 27 at Roosevelt field The rally will bring members of the Holy Name society Catholic mens or ganization from all parts of Iowa A special meeting with Fatlter Keller as speaker will be opened to the public Father Keller is the author of You Can Change the World a best selling book which explains the purposes of the Chris topher movement and a more re cent book Three Minutes a Day designed for daily devotions Mason Cityans have become es pecially familiar in the past few months with the work of Father Keller and the Christopher move ment through a film which has been shown at various meetings in which he appears with such Hollywood notables as Jack Ben ny Rochester Loretta Young and Bing Crosby A Christopher club has been organized in this com munity Meanies Spoil Fun Williamstown Mass firemens annual ball broke up for lack of partners when the male dancers were called from the floor 5 times in less than 2 hours by false alarms Ground Forces Rushing North on All Handy Trains Trucks Tokyo and Australian f planes wrecked 7 North Korean tanks and 22 trucks and shot down 2hostile planes Monday head quarters announced By ROBERT C MILLER Somewhere In Korea American ground forces are rush ing north by every available train and truck to meet the soviet backed North Korean army in battle U S armored patrols already are fanning out in defensive posi tions between Suwon 20 miles south of Seoul and the South Kor ean provisional capital of Taejon 70 miles farther south The Americans have set up new advance headquarters here and begun to bring order and efficien cy out of the chaos and confusion marking the South Korean armys retreat Suwon Abandoned Hastily Part of that confusion was the abandonment of Suwon as ad vance U S headquarters on Fri day night The Americans burned heir headquarters and pulled out of the town on 10 minutes notice after getting word that the North Koreans were approaching The Northerners did not come how ever and Suwon was still in South Korean hands Monday There are reports that a court of inquiry will investigate the in cident to try to fix responsibility for what4a liigh ranking Officer described as an evacuation in the damnedest disorderly fashion The new headquarters are being I set up by weary redeyed officers and men such as Signal Officer Lt Frank Winslow of Bangor Maine He had snatched naps on the floor and on table tops but cant re member when he last had a real nights sleep No Hot Meals Farther north infantry squads are rolling out blankets and snatching their rest while they can oblivious of the bare ground heavy dew and mosquitoes No body has had a hot meal for days Or for that matter expects to eat anything except out of a can for many more This campaign is Burma the Phillipines and nearly every other World war II battlefront in 1941 and early 1942 before American strength began swelling toward victory IOWAS VACATION city of Clear Lake and theeast end of the lake itself are shown in this air view of Iowa 8 vacation spot The camera was pointed almost directly down Main street toward the lake At lower right is the high school building marking the junction of high ways 18 and 107 At the far right is the Surf ballroom OlobeOkiette with its big parking lot The island about 2 miles away is at upper center The difficulty of nonresidents in ori enting themselves in downtown Clear Lake is understand able when one remembers that the high vschool is straight with the compass Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy warm and humid with thundershow ers Monday night Low Monday night 55 Partly cloudy warm and humid TuesdayHigh Tues day 84 Iowa Partly cloudy with scatter ed thundershowers in extreme east portion Monday night Low Monday night 60 to 66 Partly cloudy Tuesday little change in temperature HighTuesday 80 to 85 South to southwesterly becoming northerly 20 MPH Tuesday Further outlook Low Wednesday morning near 58 scattered showers and thun dershowers High Wednesday 80 to 82 Thursday partly cloudy Minnesota Generally fair Tues day Pligh Tuesday 7278 N MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 35 Minimum 63 At 8 a m 70 Precipitation 14 YEAR AGO Maximum 92 Minimum 72 Traffic Toll Mounts in Iowa By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Accidents have claimed 8 lives m Iowa since the long 4th of July weekend started at 6 p m Friday Five of the deaths resulted from traffic mishaps and 3 were drowned The dead were Alan Dean Juels 5J months son of Mr and Mrs Arnold Juels of near Gray Iowa Dickie Gugle SJyearold son of Dr and Mrs Lloyd J Gugle of Ottumwa Richard Donald 18 of Bona parte Gilbert Christiansen 48 of Western Springs 111 and his 35 yearold wife their son John 9 Mrs Etta Gibson 72 of Des Moines Donald Plain 11 son of Mr andMrs Carl Plain of Rockwell City The Gugle boy drowned while wading Sunday in Lake Wapello near Bloomfield His body was recovered from about 2 feet of water son of James Donald of Bonaparte and Mrs Dorothy Don ald of Vinton drowned at the swimming beach in Lacey1 Keo sauqua state park near Keosau qua Sunday The 3rd drowning victim was Report North Army Push Is Slowed Australian Planes Hit Dangerously Close to Yanks Washington S ma rines and marine air units Mon day were ordered to Japan the defense department announced The navy said troops and air units from the fleet marine force at Camp Pendleton and El Toro Cal would be rushed across the Pacific with orders to report to General MacArthur A spokesman said that the marines were being sent in re sponse to MacArthurs request for additional combat manpow er to hack up the forces he has thrown into Korea The spokesman said he could not disclose the strength of the marine force to be dispatched By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Communist invaders of South Korea slowed down their powerful armored ad vance Monday to lay low in the face of a fierce daylight pounding by U S bombers and fighters Under cover of night they were likely to move again and possibly make their first contact with U S ground troops Five to 7 Mustang fighter planes with Australian mark ings gave first American in fantry units digging in at the front their first taste of the war The Australians made a savage 25miniutestrafing attack near The exact details were not clear but it appeared possible the Mustangs may have hit by mistake near the village which the Americans had made their command post A U S sergeant was wounded American bombers and fighters in large numbers sprayed bombs rockets and machinegun fire at the communists 4 of whose tank columns were across the Han river Another red tank column had taken Wonju 50 miles east of Seoul captured South Korea cap ital American and Australian fight er planes wrecked 7 North Kor ean tanks and 22 trucks and shot down 2 hostile planes Monday The communists were building up their antiaircraft positions in the faeoul area and carrying out heavy bombing attacks on Suwon but they failed to dislodge the South Koreans still hanging on to the 3litS irfield 23 miles south of the fallen capital Z Tank Columns Two red tank columns were re ported 25 miles below the Han m a menacing breakthrough out flanking Suwon and its airfield abandoned by the Americans as an advance supply base but a spokes man at Gen MacArthurs advance headquarters inKorea said this breakthrough was not as serious at it had looked at first Headquarters said the reds made no serious progress during the day but that nightfall might touch off a renewed surge and bring Ameri cans and communists within shoot The days indi cated the red drive was at least temporarily stalled probably be cause of the severe pasting by the American planes Drop 800 Bombs The communist radio said Amer ican bombers raided the North MnnH0 twice Monday dropping more than 800 GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum gg Minimum 54 At 8 a m gg Precipitation trace YYCIO the Plain boy A raft on which he was playing overturned in a pond near Rockwell City The body was recovered from about 5 feet of water by a human chain of 16 persons The Christiansens died as a re sult of the headon collision of 2 cars on highway 30 at Bletirstown corner about 22 miles west of Cedar Rapids Sunday Another son Tommy 13 end 3 persons who were riding in the other car were hospitalized with injuries Mrs Gibson died Sunday of in juries suffered in a carpedestrian accident in Des Moines the day before In Washington Secretary of De fense Johnson said there was no present intention of mobilizing re serves in the United States in con nection with the Korean crisis despite worries that it might spread into a broader conflict Officials studied reports from Hong Kong quoting Chinese dis patches from Canton which said tne Chinese communists were mobilizing a force of 20000 or more men for the Korean cam paign THEFT IN DES MOINES Des Moines blasted the door from the safe of the Won der Beverage Co and escaped with more than C V Clark company manager to police Sunday Clark said the theft occurred sometime between 7 P m Saturday and 8 p m oay ;