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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 3, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CPARTMCNT OP i STORY THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Paper Consists Two Section One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Cily Sunday t p KHMO Hannibal TnidT p WSU1 Iowa City Thursday p KOI Friday p ra KSCJ Sioux City fridty p KICD Spencer Friday p m Another Double Standard IN this commentary Id like to talk over with you some the factors which make for inefficient and expensive government In the degree that government fails short of total effectiveness our democracys foundations are in peril Thats why I regard this subject as being highly import ant The one greatest reason for in efficiency in democratic govern ment as I see it is that we the people nave a tendency to set lower standards for the business of government than we have in private business The one question one should apply to the man in public office is How well is he doing his job That ISNT the test we apply in most cases Were more inclinec to ask How much does he neec the job Maybe hes lost out in the struggle and strife of privat enterprise We feel sorry for him and conclude that the best way t express our sympathy is to giv him a place at the public crib The same unbusinesslike atti tude prompts us too many times when it comes to passing on the local officer who has been serv ing us for an extended period We reason That fellows been in there long enough We ought to pass the job around And we YANKS LASH AHEAD IN FRANCE Capture Minsk RUSSIANS Ufffil nil It Jugoslavia prdceed to replace him on basis alone NOW I readily concede that there is such a thing as holding of fice too long Sometimes the ex tended tenure has the effect of causing the official to become rusty and musty on the job Sometimes he comes to take his job for granted becoming eith er indifferent or grouchy That sometimes happens But far more almost the public servant is made the more valuableby ex perience Thats principle recog nized and accepted in private business whether it be at a lathe behind z counter or in a business office What good reason is there in logic to assume that this prin ciple that prevails everywhere else doesnt extend to public of fice FLANKING MOVE Opens Gates of Soviet Drive Toward Warsaw Wilno and Riga BULLETIN London UP Minsk has been taken by storm Moscow announced Monday night An order of the day by Mar shal Stalin said the troops of the 3rd White Russian front in co operation with forces of the first White Russian army captured the city of by flanking maneuver and assauli Minsk one of the important Russian cities held by the Ger mans fell almost to the day years after the Germans had claimed its capture ou July 1 1941 in the initial stages of then invasion of the soviet union The collapse of German resist ance in the bastion opens the gates to a red army drive toward War that saw capital of prewar Poland 300 miles to the west Wilno in Lithuania 100 miles to the north west and Riga in Latvia 220 miles to the northwest Stalins order described Minsk as the last major German strong point in Russia and a most im portant strategic center of German defenses in the western direction Moscow UR Red armies opened a frontal assault on al mostisolated Minsk Monday and hammered forward the jaws of a giant pincers that converged be hind theWhite Russian capita and threatened to trap hundred of thousands of battleweary Ger man troops London military sources esti mated that 300000 or more nazis were in the Minsk pocket and London 500 to 750 Flying Fortresses and Liberators including 8th air force units which flew from England in a shuttle flight bombed nazi oil storages and refineries and trans portation facilities in Romania Hungary and Yugoslavia Monday The operation from Italian ases left a smoke column 18000 feet high spiraling from the for ner Shell oil storage plant just outside Belgrade Yugoslav cap ital Rome dispatches said The plant is a central distribution point for oil supplies to German Balkan units Other targets hit were an oi storage port at Giurgiu on th Danube south of Bucharest Ro manian capital and the Malax locomotive works east of Buch arest The German radio reportin an attack on the Budapest area i Hungary for the 2nd straight day said fierce air battles resultec that 35 American plane vere downed But Rome dispatches quotec REPORT UNREST BREAKS OUT IN OCCUPIED AREA South France Civil War Increases Danes Barricade Streets London troops vere reported Monday to be press ng a large scale drive in south vestern France in an effort to mash underground resistance de cribcd by one French collabora ionist source as a real civil war crewmen as saying the oppos tion was limited and all targe were well plastered with bomb Allied activity in support in Normandy meanwhi was held to a minimum directed from abroad At the same time advices from Stockholm indicated the Germans were making desperate efforts to placate striking Danish patriots who had barricaded themselves in the streets of Copenhagen and threatened to fight to the death in protest against repressive meas ures A new and disturbing situation meanwhile was rising to plague GERMANS SCORE HIT ON ALLIED battling the allies in the Tilly sector of the Normandy beachhead scored a direct hit with a mortalshell on a British ammunition truck parts of which can be seen in the air at right This is an official Brit ish photo Associated Press wirephoto engraving by I f This general that there is a separate standard for the public and lessens the quality of our democratic government clear up and down the line We could have better and more efficient govern ment if we the people stood up on our hind legs and demanded it We havent done that To the con trary weve given encouragement to inefficient government OCIENCE I grant has done some J amazing things But it has not up to this time succeeded in mak ing a silk purse out of a sows ear We here in America more speci fically we here in Iowa seem to be laboring under the notion that the simple process of electing a person to public office will endow him with an ability that he never possessed in private business The truth is that there is no strange alchemy whatever in such election The man of ability con tinues in possession of his ability and the man who lost out in the chase in his private affairs wont be changed into any superman by the mere device of having re ceived a majority vote at the polls By this time some of you are saying I believe Earl Hall is all wet about this Either youre dis agreeing with my premise that we arent being served by the ablest officials available or youre re signing yourself to the verdict that we just cant hope for effi ciency in public affairs If thats your feeling well just agree to disagree agreeably Some others however may be going along with me in my gen eral contentions They Im quite sure will at least give me a hear ing as I proceed to discuss 1 or 2 ways in which without surren der or sacrifice of our democratic powers and rights we can achieve more efficient government starting point is that the one nd only way to get better pointed out that their entrapment would rival the German disaster at Stalingrad where some 320000 were killed or Columns of soviet artillery wheeled into position on the as sault arc uround Minsk and began pounding the inner defenses of the biggest nazi bastion guarding the invasion route to Warsaw and Ber lin The frontal assault on Minsk was launched from positions less than 12 miles distant Outdated reports revealed that the Soviets had seized outposts of the city to CLAIM 1715000 JEWS ARE SLAIN Extermination Camps of Nazis Revealed New York Geneva diS patch to the New York Times Monday said 1715000 Jews had been put to death by the Ger mans in Upper Silesian exter mination camps at Auschwitz and Birkenau in 2 years ended April 15 1944 The report was attributed to information reaching the inter national church movement ecu menical refugee commission Geneva and the Fluchtlinsshilfe of Zurich Victims were said to have come from these countries Poland 900 000 the Netherlands 100000 Greece 45000 France 150000 Belgium 50000 Germany 60000 Yugoslavia Italy and Norway 50 000 Bohemia Moravia and Aus tria 30000 Slovakia 30000 and the Germans at home arriving there from Germany cording to dispatches from Madrid estiroatea 30000 of the 50JJOO es 50000 foreign prisoners caped war prisoners reported at have escaped since the allied inj e in the reich were vasion of France and are causing many of whom had been forced deep concern by their activities into German military units and Reports from the Spanishwho are weuarmed French frontier relayed here by The jugjtives moving in small way of Madrid said the Germans groups and trying to work their lad thrown tanks and bombers as way out Germany were said to well as infantry into their drive be Beeping German rural areas in against French patriots constant uneasiness A householders life anywhere in Germany now is one of con Blasting of Noemf oor Isle Indicates New Allied Jump of southwestern By J B KRUEGER Associated Press War Editor General MacArthurs sector the Pacific war stirred to area GAIN 1 MILES IN NEW DRIVE AGAINST NAZIS Bradleys Men Turn About Quickly Smash Ahead in Sea of Mud BULLETIN Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force IP The American first army struck south along a 40 mile front ou Cher bourg peninsula Monday smash ing forward up to miles in the opening hours of a savage attack The sudden American bursting forward after a thunder ous artillery barrage followed quickly the mopup of Cherbourg and save the Germans no rest The speed with which Lt Gen Omar N Bradley turned his army about to move south surprised many military men By VIRGIL PINKLEY Allied Supreme Headquarters London Gen Omar N Bradley launched a new Ameri can offensive southward along the est coast of the lower Cherbourg Dninsula Monday sending his troops over the top at dawn in a driviim rain which had turned the battlefield into a sea of mud Two days after mopping up the Cherbourg region the United States first army struck out in the westernmost sector oi the Normandy battlefront keeping the enemy off balance there even while both sides were massing forces for a full dress fight In the dogne region After 2 days of fighting the I slightest noise nazis were said to have recaptured the house at night may be an Bergerac and advanced to St Cyescaped prisoner ready to slit his prien where freed 150 col throat if he makgs a movesaid laboratiomstswKo have been held one neutral whohad been living as prisoners in that town The renear Leipzig treating Maquis were reported to have transferred their activities 50 miles south of Bergerac taking over the rail junction at Armande and cutting the important Cahors Bordeaux railroad line An article in the Bordeaux newspaper Petite Gironde said authorities in southwestern France were faced with real civil war close against it for the greatest victory of their summer offensive At the same time the red armies which had cut the last railroads and all highways except secondary roads west of Minsk were pound ing toward each other Last ac counts placed them 54 miles apart and advancing at a pace that In Denmark Stockholm dis patches said the Germans Sunday night broadcast an appeal to strik ing Danish patriots to return to work Monday The parently an effort to solve the troublesome situation in Copen hagen without further was signed by the leaders of Den marks 5 dominant political parties and the trades union chairmen foreign Jews from Polish concen said the broadcast tration camps 300000 The Germans also announced Yet another 120000 Jews from 1 that gas water and electric serv I MY government is through the medi um of better public officials And in this Im thinking of execu tive administrative and clerical officials as distinguished from those who serve in the legislative area The question immediately arises How are we going to get those better officials And my answer is going to be By apply ing more rigid tests to those who seek to hold office And hows that going to be done Well the one most plausible step in that direction would by centering more authority and even more important more re sponsibility in some person who would be immediately and di Turn to Pact Z promised complete envelopment of Minsk in a matter of hours Berlin broadcasts were quoted by the British radio as saying that the Germans had evacuated Pol otsk 120 miles north of Minsk and main base of the upper White Russian front Most reports indi cated that the assertion was pre mature and the German high command reported fierce fight ing for Polotsk As the selfpropelled guns and heavy batteries opened up against Minsk Russian tanks infantry and cavalry massed behind the gun positions ready for the signal to rush the last German lines Soviet forces closing in along Minsks southern approaches fi nally made contact with big Ger man panzer and infantry forces which struck back viciously in an effort to hold the flanks of the city defenses and prevent its en circlement Countering with tremendous force the Russians shattered the nazi jabs destroyed 31 tanks and captured 12 and plunged ahead cutting the railroad running southwest from the capital Red air force fighters fighter bombers and other planes had complete mastery of the air front nuiigary weie iaiu iw uuvt killed or died enroute to Upper Silesia The ecumenical commis sion report said the Hungarian Jews were subjected to mali cious fiendish inhuman brutal ity The Times story reported that many were worked to death j ices cut off in Copenhagen since the start of the strike were ex pected to resume Monday but an nounced no relaxation in the 1 p m to 5 a m curfew which has been a sore point with the Danes Earlier Copenhagen had been reported in a virtual state of siege Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy with the nazis threatening th patriots with unles they called off their strike Madrid advices quoting travel Darby President of Owatonna Press Dies Owatonna Minn F Darby 66 president of the firm vhich publishes the Owatonna Peoples Press and son of the papers founder died here Sun lay an illness oE 4 months Darby was a newspaperman for more than 50 years having start ed to work while still a schoolboy on the Peoples Press which his father instituted as a weekly in 1874 When it became a morning daily in 1916 he was named its mnaaging editor Funeral services will be held Wednesday afternoon life and significance Monday with a 3pIy blow against Noemtoor island possibly indicative of new allied jump toward the Philippines While the stillundecided bat tles for Saipan and Hengyang mounted in bitterness the 15by 12mile island lying in New Guineas Geclvink bay cauht 2 weekend bombings and a PT boat shelling MacArthurs headquarters re ported the 2nd raid brought 150 aircraft with a 230ton bomb load over Noemfoors 3 airdromes Sat urday The unusual weight of the prisoners of war Karl Vogt and attack suggested MacArthur could Ernest Backliaws escaped from be preparing to leap 50 miles from the Algona Iowa prisoner of war Biak asland to Noemfoor 2 ESCAPE FROM PRISON CAMP FBI Describes Nazis Who Made GetAway Des Moines German camp between 7 p m Sunday Or hecoulcrbe clearing the way I and C30 Monday morning the for a jump farther west to New federal bureau investigation Guineas northwest top Noemfoor reported Monday It was the 3rd 800 miles from the Philippines escape from the camp 00 from Palau It was not known in which cli Elements of 2 marine and 1 in rection the men headed Both antry division narrowed to ap were dressed m blue prisoner roximately 25 square miles the war uniforms socket into aipan are Wallace on Way Home After Visit in China Chungking Presiden Henry A Wallace was en rout back to the United States Monday after a 15 day tour of China Wai lace arrived in China June 15 which being Japanese on 1 21 5 feet 5 inches pushed The tall 146 pounds blue eyes Americans advanced from 500 brown curly hair parted on the yards to a mile along the front On left side fair complexion and he east coast they were 511miles medium build rom the islands northern tip 24 5 feel vhicir may become a Japanese inches tall 125 pounds blue eyes Bataan The bitter fighting in the wears heavy framed trick glasses oiesls and cavepocketed moun blond hahpurled in the center ains already has cost the Japa1ruddy complexion and slight icse at least 6015 killed and much build cached war material The town of Garapan scene of lard street fighting came under icavy fire from artillery naval and mortars One corre CIIARACTER ACTOR SUED Hollywood Ac tor Stanley C Ridges was just spondent pictured it as a mass of I too much of a chnrncter for his flame j wife who asked a month The Americans apparently were separate maintenance Monday ready to wipe it off the map to charging that he kicked her in the Bradley mounted the offensive along a fairly narrow front south of St SauveuLe Victomte where the main core oC nazi resistance was smashed in the original U S drive across the peninsula The Americans were wallowing through the mire toward Le HayeDu Putts transport hub 7 miles south of St Sauveur and6 miles inland A British broadcast quoted by CBS said the Americans advanced in 2 just south of a narrow strip of solid ground be tween the coist at Portbail and the marshes 2 or 3 miles inland and the other some 10 miles in land United Press Correspondent James MuGlincy reported from field headquarters that the at tacking forces were slithering and sloshing through some of tha worst mud seen since the Ameri cans landed The attack followed a heavy ar tillcry bombardment of the Ger man positions ahead of tht Americans The weather pre vented aerial support A lashin rain began during the night am continued this morning The battle was of the foot slogging type fought in World wa I with the Americans fighting tha same kind of mud their fathers did McGlincy reported The terrain o the battle area was the same Normandy hedge row country in which the previ ous battles have been fought It was Indian type warfare with no dispatches said They hammered incessantly at the German lines of retreat swoping down to treetop level to rake the enemy who was able to throw up only feeble anti aircraft fire if any Thousands of Germans were emerging from the While Russian forests where the tide of battle passed them by Surrendering in wholesale lots the gaunt and dazed nails gathered along the roads to await any Russians who had time to take them in Front reports said that in one sector the Russians found groups of Germans who had been killed by their colleagues to keep them from denouncing the perpetrators I more than a year humiliated her in front of friends Weather Report FORECAST et at the Japanese who had made sjcje jn a jjt o iagc it a fortress Mrs Ridges said he treated her Hengyang afire and shuddering Ucruelly arlci inhumanly and for under the bombings of 2 enemy airforccs remained partly in Chi nese hands The key Hunan rail road city vital to Japans drive to cleave China along the Hankow Canton rail line virtually was cut off from aid Chungking reports indicated A Japanese force apparently swept around the city to Leiyang 34 airline miles southeast while other forces farther south worked up from Canton in multiple drives The objective was complete con trol of the railroad from Canton 1000 miles north to Peiping Firmly held that line would seal off eastern China from allied In Burma Japanese attempting a thrust at alliedheld Myitkyina airfield were wiped out by Ameri can forces room for tanks to maneuver and with infantry fighting almost hand to hand battles in the or chards and fields along the end less The drive was aimed in 2 direc tions One force took off at a m the other at a m The battle mounted in intensity during the morning us the Ger mans found themselves up against the same slashing attacks as those which marked the early opera tions in Normandy Bradleys tac tics have called for driving spear heads forward as fast as possible bypassing and encircling strone Mason Cily Scattered thunder1 showers Monday night and Tuesday Not much change in p0inls for ajcr mopup temperature Tno front came to life just be Historic Flag to Be Raised in Rome July 4 Rome flag that Hew over the United States capital in Washington Dec 8 1941 when I war was declared ngainst Japan and on Dec 11 of the same year when war was declared with Ger many will be raised in Rome on July 4 it was announced Monday worst possible But this time un like DDny it was equally dam aging to both armies The attack may be the first ness Monday night and Tuesday I blow in the expected fullscale al with scattered showers or thunI lied offensive designed to knock dershowers south portion Monout the German stronghold of Caen day night Cooler Monday night and smash toward Paris 150 Monday night and Tuesday Gentle to moderate winds Minnesota Considerable cloudi1 BERLIN NEARLY EQUIDISTANT FROM WAR figures on open ar rows from Europes war fronts indicate Berlin is about equidistant from the 3 present allied offensives In Copenhagen A Danish patriots were reported fighting the Ger of atrocities in many villages 1 mans from behind street barricades THROWN FROM HAY RACK Sheldon Mae Haack II was killed Saturday when thrown from a hay rack The ac cident occurred on the farm of her parents Mr and Mrs Nick Haack when the horses pulling the rack started forward sudden ly and southeast portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 78 Minimum Sunday night 61 At 8 a m Monday 68 Rain 10 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 82 Minimum 65 Precipitation 35 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 81 Minimum Saturday night 63 At 8 a m Sunday 63 Rain 78 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 78 63 to the cast Lt Gen Sir Miles Christopher Dempseys 2nd Brit ish army also was poised for an offensive after wrecking at least 65 German tanks in repulsing 48 hours of futile German counter attacks on the British southwest of Caen The nazi Paris radio said a lent tank and artillery battle raging between Caen and Villers Bocagc 13 miles to the southwest with allied battleships offering supporting fire in the Canadian sector from the Orne river es tuary Immediate objectives of any American attacks were expected to be St Lo and La Hayedu Puits west coast railway and highway center and former Ger man headquarters town Tha ;