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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 2, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 2 1941 MASON CITY tTHI BRIGHT IPOT Are Americans Views Given by Carnegie Delegates EDITORS NOTE This Is anothtr series of articles written by W Earl Ball ftlasou City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a Tiarty of 12 guests of the Carnegie Number 98 By W EARL HALL ON THE ATLANTIC OFF CAPE the start of this trip to South America I presented a thumbnail biographi cal sketch of the 11 other members of our Carnegie Endow ment for International Peace group It has seemed appropriate that I bring the series to a close in like manner This time how ever I am going to present each through the medium of a brief answer to a question in one of his major fields interest based on study and obsenation in our two months in Latin America Dean Harold R W Benjamin of the University of Maryland college of ed ucational concept or develop ment in Latin America do you consider most worthy of emula tion in the United States It is found in the remarkable efforts to select and educate the very best teachers available In country after country the educa tional authorities are drawing some of the most intelligent and idealistic young people into teaching giving them the best preparation which can be devised and creating an instructional corps of high skill and burning zeal These new teachers of Latin America arc the agents of a cul tural revolution The new normal schools which are today commanding some of the best young brains of this continent are the forerunners of the great and happy Latin American civilization of tomorrow I will return to my own coun try with renewed faith in the principle recognized by our own cultural pioneers that great ed ucational systems are made and operated by great men and wo men and I will try to improve our present methods of selecting and preparing highly able teachers for our schools Doctor Donald D i I w o r t h Brand head of the department of anthropology at the Univer sity of New a stu dent of human geography what do you think of South Ameri cas population potential Beyond natural resources a population potential depends upon type and efficiency of ecozioms standard of living and world con ditions Under current conditions of the above three factors it seems to me that South America could accommodate more than three times its present population Where now ninety million people live actually occupying and util izing but a small fraction of the arable land water supply min eral forest and sea wealth more than 290000000 could live on as high a standard as now obtains By reducing living standards to Oriental levels this numbei could be increased greatly Again through a shift to a highly mech anized and industrial economy from the present handlabor pro duction of probably more than 300000000 people on a much higher plane of existence could ba accommodated Probably however the pop illation of South America level off at around 200000000 within the next fifty years no matter what Jevelopment may take place in the economic structure Doctor Harlow Leslie Walsfer dean of agriculture at North Dakota state do you regard as the most signifi cant feature of South Americas scientific approach to the ag ricultural problem The leading agricultural scien tists of South America recognize that onecrop agriculture and the pattern of land ownership and world trade that perpetuates it cause most of the physical and economic problems of the several nations south of Panama The so lution is as everywhere being sought through many approaches no one of which can be called most significant Chile for example substitutes Ihc vine for wheat thus reclaim ing worn wheat lands but pro ducing too much wine Brazil in troduces cotton on to worn cof fee soils and seeks to enter world cotton trade Brazil introduces Zebu cattle from India so that her people may have beef The Argentine republic cling ing to wheat corn and flax seeks agricultural salvation through fed eral purchase of farm crops Brazil secures a favorable trade agree ment with the U S but Argen tina does not Uruguay encourages smalier landholdings and higher degree of selfsubsistence chile Brazil and Argentina are heavily agri cultural nations with historic pat Illldb UJJ pattern THIS PAPEa CONSISTS OP TWO SECWOtlS SECTION ONE NO 227 NAZIS DESTROY TRAPPED REDS Local Man Engaged in WPA Survey Job Electrocuted byHjghJLine Near Ventura Borack Believed to j f Wiped Out IOWAN HUNTED FOR 14 YEARS IN SLAYING HELD Herb Poljand Wanted for Part in Gunfight Arrested in Missouri LEON Iowa The arrest of a onetime Lineville man whom of ficers have sought 14 years for the slaying of a Uccalur county deputy sheriff w a s disclosed Wednesday by County Attorney Steven V Carter The attorney said Herb Fol lard wanted for the fatal wounding of Deputy Ctint Mc Conncll in a gunfight 8 miles northwest of here on July 7 1927 was being held at Prince ton Mo pending an extradi tion hearing on his return trf Iowa for prosecution Sam Petty former Lineville merchant also wanted for the slaying died in Los Angeles in 1931 Carter related Pollard who was indicted for murder in October 1927 was arrested at Albany Mo June 25 by Sheriff Olin Dykes of Mercer county Missouri cul minating a search in which state officers the federal bureau of in vestigation and postal inspectors had traced the man throughout the western half of the country Pollard had been Jiving re cently under the name of Pete Thomas with relatives at Albany Have Received Shock as Pole Touched Line William F Boraek 55 1213 Sixth street southwest a worker on the WPA survey project working to establish section corners in Cerro Gordo county was electro cuted wliile working 4 miles north of Ventura just after noon Wed nesday when he touched an elec tric high line with a metal pole he was carrying Dr A B Phillipsr Clear Lake reported that the man lived only a few minutes after he touched the high line and was dead when the doctor arrived He is survived by a wife and three children and Sheriff Dykes got on trail when Pollard visited the other relative at Princeton Car ter said Earlier the man had been traced through some 11 states where he worked as a farm hand and nt other odd jobs but gener ally moving after a short slay The frail became warm re cently when postal inspectors obtained letters written by Pol lard to his divorced wife liv ing at Upton Wyo He also hart smie by the name of Herbert Charles Pollarct is fighting extradition and a hearing has been set before the governor of Missouri for the week of July 21 Court records relaie that Pol lard and Petty delivered some bootleg liquor to Louie Green land near Grand River Iowa and refused to take his check A quar rel ensued and Greenland came to Leon for Deputy McConnell They met the men and the gun fight followed in which McConnell was wounded three times He died the following dav Pollard and Petty disappeared escaping from a posse of far nicrs and townspeople number ingabout 200 Rewards of S500 were offered for their capture includinga 5300 reward offer by the state of Iowa which is believed still in force r was Petty was not discovered until 000000 nis death from apoplexy in a hos The committee Pital at Los Angeles where his impose a 10 per 1V1 fo 4 st sorted They arc Greenland who the attorney said is serving n pris on term at Fort Madison for lar ceny or a domestic animal and ticorge C Redman prominent farmer near Grand River who saw the gunfight from a Held a quarter mile away FIX McCOMBS SALARY boar board of education fix the salary of N D McCombs new superintendent of Des Moines public schools at 56800 a year A terns of production that are not easily modified even under the stress of world war i othr mrmh Ot Vicws of wlercsting lon EAGLE FLYERS BAG 3 PLANES Series of Daylight Raids Made by RAF on Northern France LONDON fly ers in the Eagle squadron were credited with bagging three of a total of 17 German planes claimed by the RAF Wednesday in a series of daylight raids on northern France Strong RAF forces smashed across the channel late Wednes day morning and squadrons of fighters md bombers still were streaking over northern France during the afternoon following up a ish night attack in which Brit bombs were said to have straddled the dock of a German battleship at Brest The RAF acknowledged that two bombers and seven fighters were lost in the daylight sweeps the first large scale offensive against occupied France in which the American Eagle squadron was reported taking The British announcement said an airdrome at Mcrville near Lille and a railway junction southeast of Lille were bombed by British Blenheims guarded by a strong fighter escort Bombs burst on runways and buildings and among dispersed aircraft it reported HUGE TAX BILL IS DRAFTED Committee Votes Boost in Capital Stock Tax for Corporations W A S H I N G T O N house ways and means committee completed the preliminary draft ing of a S3504400000 tax bill nbovc its voting tentatively to increase the capital stock tax on corporations Representative Cooper D Tenn a member announced that the committee had agreed tentatively to raise the capital stock tax from the present rate of SI10 per to He said this was estimated to yield also cent voted to manufac Jlld ife had moved two years earlier turers excise tax on cutlery LO live wth their two sons His which would produce an esti body was returned and buried at mated and to increase the present withholding tax on Free Ride WEST LIBERTY Iowa lone freight car took an unsched uled 10mile run from here to Nichols propelled by a windstorm main line and pushed it to Nichols Atjs aim jjuauuu It LO INlCnOlS 111 vvmtlt fixed where trainmen checked the trip of the high i 45 by running it onto a side track key members puDlic schools at 56800 a year A T W Merrill retired superintendent Laird Chairman had been receiving a year Vlldlnnan OF Highway Commission AMES Iowa State highway commission elected R B succccd of Sidncv as chairman to Washing Randall Melson Hum as named vice chairman Red Tank Wrecked by Shell Geiman sbldieis examined the wreckage of a Russian lank which was hit bv a nan shell according to Berlin sources The location of the tank was NOT disclosed This photo was sent from Berlin to New York via radio ibuosea nis WAVELL GIVEN Knox sticks RED CHIEFSURE former War Secretary Leslie HoreBelisha in the house of com mons refused Wednesday to make a statement on Ihe transfer of Gen Sir Archibald Wavell from the middle cast command to India General Sir Claude Auchinleck former commanderinchief in India replaced Wavell and al ready lias reached Cairo it was reported as has Capt Oliver Lyttleton member of the war cab inet who will be director of de fense measures in the middle east Churchill told HorcBelisha that lie did not see any advan tage in adding to information al ready given in regard to Wavell and that he did not expect to make a statement soon WONDER IF ATTACK FEARED IN INDIA Surprised Britons speculated on the possibility that the govern ment foresaw a quick German victory over soviet Russia and a subsequent nazi drive on the Ganges Sir Claude about whom the British public knows little has servecf in Egytt Aden Iraq Kurdistan and India lie was named commanderinchief of India last Jan 27 after distin guishing himself by directing the British attack on Narvik Norway and organizing English coastal de fenses JAPAN CHOOSES CRISIS POLICY Course to Be Disclosed by Action Rather Than Words Agency Says TOKIO government the sianGerman wa Minister Yosuke the nation that had with announced Wednesday chosen a policy for coping crisis arising from the Rus and Foreign Matsuoka told a really grave state of emergency is developing before our eyes throughout the world particular in east Asia with direct concern to our country The nature ot the governments decision even its general trend remained undisclosed despite k arca ll wind ancl Matsuoka after strike had from a siding to the conference at the imperial palace been called there on June 7 and pushed it to Nichols in which denernis and artmiraie nnrtnri in INDIAN Speech on churcbiii fetuses to Nazi Menace Make Statement on WASHINGTON Tranqfpv nf fWpvaic Navy Frank Knox declared 1 ransier pt ViCneialS Wednesday he was sticking by his LONDON Minister cfea or thc German menace Knox who was subjected to a barrage of congressional nonin terventionist criticism for the speech told a press conference that he had nothing to add to his original words at this time Asked whether he proposed to stick by your guns Knox re plied Why of course When he was asked if he in tended to do anything about Sen ator Burton K Wheelers demand that he resign because of the speech he told his questioner that he would let you write an answer to that yourself Wheeler a Montana democrat said Tuesday that Knox should resign or be thrown out from Ihe cabinet because of the ad dress which iras delivered at Fore River Mass on Monday night HOOVER WOULD NOT TAKE OFFICE Irrevocably Opposed to Running on Ticket With Lindbergh in 1944 WASHINGTON o r ner President Herbert Hoover an nounced Wednesday he is irre vocably opposed to suggestions that he head an antiinterven tionist presidential ticket in 1944 with Charles A Lindbergh as his running mate Hoover added hat he would never again accept public office His announcement made in a telegram from Halo Alto Cal fol lowed publication of editorials Tuesday in the New York Daily News and the Washington Times Herald a HoovcrLind give the nation NAZIS WONT WIN Spokesman Declares Russian Armys Main Strength to Be Intact MOSCOW red army Wednesday was reported checking German motorized infantry ad vances afler having destroyed naz tank units on the central front and an official spokesman said that the soviet union could guar antee that Adolf Hitler will never win the war The spokesman emphasized that the important factor in operations on the long fast moving eastern front was not the temporary ad vance or retirement of forces but keeping intact the main strength of the red army Military advices said that fight to the Ukraine and that a Russia naval squadron had destroyed the GermanRumanian naval base at Constanza in a surprise attack also shooting down m cnemj dive bomber and sinking an enemy submarine The official spokesman for the soviet information bureau deny ing that Germans had occupied Minsk and Riga ridiculed the possibility that the nazi blitzkrieg could succeed against Russia battles but he will never win the can guarantee that th spokesman said During the World war the Ger mans won many battles but lost the war Now the defeat will b more decisive because their mn dreams of conquering the worli cannot end except by Hitlers lapse bergh ticket to an opportunity to choose be tween interventionist and nonin terventionist policies F R Turns Back Plane Plant to Company HYDF PARK N Y dent Roosevelt tinned back to the owners Wednesday the Nortfi statements issued by the cabinet American Aviation company plant anH pimln Ti ended June 10 The plant had 5190000000 in orders for military planes at the time and was turn ing out 10 planes a day in which generals and admirals command met with of the cabinet in the presence Emperor Hirohito Domei Japanese news agency declared that quarters close to the government indicated the empires course would be dis closed by action rather than words While maintaining secrecy n x J ternally the government intends Organ 33 local farm worker was to pursue its policy internally to killed near here Wednesday when translate into action whatever dche jumped in front of a west cisions were taken at the imperial bound passenger train Rock Is confercncc Domci said land railway officials said lowan Jumps in Front of Train Is Killed IOWA CITY T Soviet Army Causes Heavy Nazi Losses Russian MOSCOW Red army i vas officially reported Wednesday o have struck back with heavy 3 tows that wiped out advance tank mits of the German mechanized iorces on the vital central front md to have checked the advance 3f enemy motorized infantry at tempting to consolidate Panzer di vision gains Heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy by counterattacks and by aerial bombardment the war communique reported es pecially on the central Alinsk Dvinsk front where the nazi tank thrusts had reached beyond the prewar frontiers of Russia A total ejf 15S German planes were reported destroyed on Monday and Tuesday including 54 an Tuesday compared to 22 lost hy the Soviets The number of enemy van guard tank units destroyed by the Red army counter thrusts was not indicated by the communique but importance was attached to a statement that our air force bombed enemy tank troops in the Dvinsk and Minsk directions checking the advance of enemy motorized infantry The German method is to break through with rapid lank units and then quickly throw large me motorized infantry forces into the states hole in an effort to hold the gains The Russinn counterblitz opera SAY 3 PANZER DRIVES MOVING RUSSIANS BACK Moscow Leningrad and Kiev Declared Goals of German Spearheads German BERLIN Hitlers high command Wednesday claimed destruction of the greater part of n big soviet at 400000 east Bialystok and Germanys armed forces were reported pushing for ward in three panzer drives aimed at Moscow Kiev and Leningrad The high command in two com muniques reporting spectacular successes said that more than 100000 prisoners were taken in the Bialystofc area alone in wiiat ap peared to be the greatest battle ot trapped armies since Dunkerque and reported that 840 soviet tanks had been captured or destroyed along the entire eastern front Available reports indicated that Germany was plungine three spearheads into soviet ter ritory toward IWoscnw in the renter toward Kiev and the heart of the Ukraine in the south anil toward Leningrad in the north through the Baltic i ae most spectacular or thpso turns have been designed to let the three drivesalong the Napoleonic Hlirl thrtM o In ii cl J u ltu IIIU tanks through and then attempt to route irom minsK to Moscow destroy them behind the defense not mentioned by the high corn lines at the same time closing the Wednesday ns hole to the motorized infantry formed German quarters In rtllm Jl j T lull HH The communique gave no details that would indicate whether these tactics had been entirely success ful but both London and Moscow appeared to be slightly more opti n now jili ane panzer misic Wednesday and the com spearhead had pushed since Tues munique stated that the vanguard clays announcement that the Bere nl 1np ankcj inH IwiAn r of the tanks had been destroyed Of other fronts the communique said that A German offensive from Fin land lovard the Murmansk area in the Arctic apparently designed to cut the railroad near Kanda ing continued on a big scale on Jaksha wns strongly opposed by five fronts from thn Arctic coast Russian forces which inflicted big losses on the Germans Heavy fighting was in pro gress in Ihc Luck scclnr of the southern front where a bic ark battle has been raKing The Rus sians reported the German drive checked cast nf Luck on the road to Kiev and the Ukraine Destroyers of the red northern fleet were attacked by 18 enemy jicci were auacKcu oy IB enemy Hitler man win a hundred dive bombers but brought down itlps nm ho Tiriijn T 1 without suffcrim col Weather to Be Warmer for Fourth DES MOINES case youre worried about a swim on that picnic the Fourth the weather man said its going to be warmer Thursday and Friday To heatseared fowans how ever Tuesdays and Wednesdays mild temperatures were welcome The mercury averaged Y degrees below normal Wednesday follow ing readings as low as 50 degrees at Inwood Tuesdays high was RS at Burlington and Keokuk Skies were clear to partly cloudy in the east Wednesday partly cloudy to cloudy in the west Weather Report FORECAST IOWA AND MINNESOTAGen erally fair Wednesday night and Thursday Friday partly cloudy warmer Thursday and Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Y3 Minimum Tuesday night 51 At 8 a m Wednesday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 45 three planes losses Russian troops estimated nl 25000 holding out at the soviet base of Hango in southwestern Finland turned back attack by enemy allegedly wearing red army A red army artillery battery and infantry annihilated a large Ger man parachute force that dropped behind he lines and occupied a Russian village A fierce battle in the village ended with a Russian bayonet charge that wiped out the enemy force A Russian coastal battery fprob nbly on the Baltic coast sank a German transport ship with an important military cargo1 A red army unit led by Ser geant Namcdow erawled up to a frroup of enemy tanUs that had attacked a marching Russian force and put the commanders tank out of action with hand grenades creating panic amons he advancing enemy force and rcsultliiR in the re pulse of the attach On the Ukrainian front south of the Pripet marshes the com munique said Russian troops were inflicting heavy losses on German motorized and mechanized units which like those on the white Russia front were trying to get up to their advanced steeltipped rapid troops Russian forces are resisting a new German offcnsiv e in the Murmansk area of the Arctic coast it was said Again the com munique said the Russians were fighting stubbornly and inflicting heavy losses on the Germans who had moved over to Finland from Arctic Norway The communique noted battles on Ihree main DvinskMinsk most spectacular ot these from Minsk to that nazi forces were continuing to advance on Moscow and indi cated that for military reasons the high command was giving no clue as to how far he panze zinn river had been reached The high command revealed that the southern wing of the Ger man armies apparently was thrusting forward in two separate prongs south of the Pripet marshes One has advanced along the main road through Luck in the direction of Kiev and the other is the column that captured Lwow and clashed with the Soviets in a great lank batlle near Zloczow SO miles east of Lwow The official German news agency DNB commentingon a report by the high command that soviet Iroons were in re treat on central Polish front said this can in no way he described as an evacuation ac cording to plan as the Soviets claim German troops inces santly pushinjr back the soviet formations are now reaping the fruits of heavy fighting for Lwow Destruction of the soviet armies cast of Bialystok was announced in a special communique from Adolf Hitlers field headquarters The Uiflwaffe giving strong sup port to German land forces was reported to have blasted Russian troop concentrations and armored units inflicting heavy as soviet troops retreated in the im portant Minsk and Lwow areas Russian forces also were reporter falling back in the northern part of the eastern front in the di rection of Estonia Chief German claims in the special ami regular comnumiques 1 Destruction the greater part of the soviet armies in the central part of eastern frontier and capture of more than 100000 men 400 tanks and 300 guns Capture or destruction of 220 soviet tanks in a big tank battle in Galicia 3 Capture or destruction of IftO Russian tanks in a battle near Zloczow south of the Pripet marshes Capture of lanks near Dubno in former Polish terri tory where soviet tank forma tions were said to have been caught in a vise between the Ger man rearguard and reserve divi sions 5 Occupation of VenlspilsfWin dau by German troops driving along the Estonian coast From Lwow on the central Polish front to Estonia includ ingthe imporlanl Minsk area soviet troops were reported by the high command to be retreat ing under heavy attack by Ocr man planes and panzer divi sions Hungarian troops the high com mand said have swept across the ;