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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 1, 1941, Mason City, Iowa I m ifis If t 1 I I I NORTH IOWAS AILY PAPER lTED FOR THE HOME I i ASSOCIATED PRESS AND FIVE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Are Americans 1 l a lemisphere Defense Is ESIIOKS NOTE This i nether a series of articles written by w Earl Ball Mason City managing editor In the coarse of a tan Ibrouth South America at one of Patty M 13 or Ibe Carnetli Endowment for International Peace Number 97 By W EARL HALL ON THE ATLANTIC OFF SOUTH hen I boarded the Santa Lucia at New York on Feb 28 there was waiting for me in my stateroom a letter from a businessman friend in Chi cago In it he asked me to bring him an answer to the question What of United States and the Monroe doctrine Three possible courses of action were laid down by him One total h e ra i s p heric defense t w o defense of only that part of South America vital to our Panama canal three defense of only United States proper behind an ade q U a t e t w o ocean navy Which of these paths would I favor at the con clusion of my journey this W EARL HALL friend of long standing wanted me to tell him And in this brief piece I plan to comply with the request as best I can As matters now stand I would favor an aggressive carryingout of a program looking to total hemispheric defense from the Arctic ocean to the southern most tip of South America This of course IS the Monroe doctrine I sincerely hope that the work on all military bases received by JJncle Sam in the destroyer trade is progressing as rapidly as it is in Trinidad where I visited last iveek This is the pn the basis of my admittedly lim ited observations to recommend tself NOW The future however is Aveighted with staggering im ponderables All of which leads me to my next point namely that while I favor PLANNING for total hemis pheric defense I do not at this time favor COMMITTING our nation q it Its quite conceivable that winding ourselves irrevocably to uch an order would end disas trously for our country I No intelligent decision on this question as I see it can be made jntil we know first who is going lo win the war and second what is going to be the attitude of the Latin Americans themselves It may be that those in Brazil Argentina Peru and Chile wont relish the idea of bein de fended by Uncle Sam in which case trying to impose it upon them would be to butt his head into a itone wall A factor not to be minimized is that fundamentally South Ameri cas economy is geared into Eur opes economy Temporarily we can tide her over the rough places 1 favor this policy as a matter of political expediency But in the long run South Ameri ca is condemned to poverty unless she can have access to the Euro pean market for disposal of her vast raw materials most of them uinecded in United States In short a policy of total hem ispheric defense must bottom on cooperative spirit in South America Now it exists quite CTnerally UTiether it would continue In the face of a victor ious Hitler is doubtful indeed Nazis not large in number are efficiently organized and they would be helped by this need for the European market Why then do I favor proceeding toward the goal of total hcmis jpheric defense if there is the pos I sibility or even he likelihood that later it will be found imprac MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 11941 HOME EDITION MASON CITY THI MIGHT JfOT ticable Simply because I would rather j see our country overprepared J than underprepared Too much i preparedness is preferable to too j little in a world where brute force I is running riot It happens also that the pro jKram looking to total hemis Spheric defense exactly coincides the program which will in Isare he safety of the Panama 3nc gtvc Nortu Ameri continent its fullest protection sainst attack by dictator nations Trinidad our farthest south out jpost most assuredly is vital in defense concept S A fact impressed upon me again fcind again upon this trip is that the problem of hemispheric de and the future happiness of Americans will be enormously Inpler if Britain wins the war if Hitler wins This I am d to report is a view shared by ictically every Latin American fn whom I have talked during I course of our long jaunt SECTION ONE NQ 226 I CLAIM 400000 REDS IN VISE RUSSIA MAKES woom FIRST REQUEST Up for Draft FOR U S HELP other governmental interested Welles Says Askings Forwarded to Other Federal Departments WASHINGTON Sumner Welles acting secretary of state disclosed Tuesday that Russia had made its first overtures toward getting supplies from the Unitec States Welles said Constantine Ou raansky soviet ambassador had conferred Monday with him on the placing of orders for mater ials for soviet Russia to defend against German invasion The Russian request Welles added had been forwarded to the department Welles declined to give any de tails concerning the materials wanted explaining that would not be possible since soviet Russia was a belligerent WILL TAKE SUPPLIES TO FRENCH NORTH AFHICA The acting secretary of state Sumner Welles announced Tues day that two French vessels would soon sail carrying needed goods and supplies to the French North African colonies At the same time Welles said two French vessels now at Mar seilles would sail for the United States The shipment of supplies Welles explained at his press con ference will be made under an agreement between the United States and General Maxime Wey gand and the Morocco Algiers and Tunisia authorities with the approval of the Vichy government and is designed to restore normal Irade between American North African ports and Santa Barbara Area Shaken by Quake One Person Injured SANTA BARBARA Cal A strong earthquake violently shook the Santa Barbara coastal area at midnight damaging busi ness buildings and slightly injur ing one person The temblor was the most severe since the disastrous shock of June 29 1925 when 23 persons were killed and property damage was counted in the millions Clerk in German Embassy Kills Self WASHINGTON The Ger man embassy announced Tuesday that Heinrich Kurt W Nostiz an administrtive clerk shot himself to death at the embassy BOMBS FALL ON RUHR DISTRICT RAF Communique Says German Fighters Over France Decline Combat LONDON British bombers attacked objectives in the German Hubr Monday night it was re vealed Tuesday The official German news agency said British planes dropped explosive and incendiary bombs in the Rhineland the Westfalian industrial district and Cologne Monday night causing some dam age and casualties and that two raiders were shot Earlier the air ministry had reported that British bombers and fighting planes ranged over the ling Messerschmidtt 109s sheered off or dived rapidly as ACTOR IS REMARRIED HOLLYWOOD weather statist Mitchell academy award winner Maximum Monday 92 for his screen portrayals Minimum Monday night 65 for his screen portrayals was honeymooning Tuesday with Mrs Anne Brewer Hier Mitchell his ic i iu 11 nis he in YEAR AGO W h f ceremony at Vancouver WASHINGTON esti mated 750000 youths registered Tuesday in the second peacetime muster of military manpower The new registrants had be come 21 years old since the first registration Oct 16 The new registration was far leas spectacular than the first Approximately 200000 clerks in 6500 local selective service board offices and in about 1000 supplement ary registration places were filling out the mel oncolored cards for the regis trants Approximately 600000 of the 16000000 registered Oct 16 are now in the army But a large pro portion of the 21 year old regis trants are expected to qualify for military training because fewer of them have dependents or physical debilities No date has been set tor the HM Ott JUL illti lottery which will determine the order in which the new regis trants will be drafted Officials said it probably would be held in the last two weeks of the month They estimated that no more than 1000 numbers would be drawn and that the drawing would be completed in about two hours The first lottery Nov IB required about 17 hours President Roosevelt has is sued an executive order author izing Uie induction of 900000 selectees during the fiscal year beginning Tuesday A bill awaiting congressional ac tion would permit the deferment of all men 28 years or older In addition Brig Gen Lewis Her shey deputy selective service di rector has instructed the local boards to defer all married men and others making any substan tial contributions to the support of dependents The order alsoap plies to men categoryvwho already have been classified as immediately available THROWNFRl TRUCK AT TURN Shell Rock Man Is Hurt Fatally When Vehicle Takes Corner SHELL ROCK While the county truck on the back of which he was riding rounded a corner on highway No 10 about four miles north of Shell Rock Mon day Cap Nieman a Butler county employe was thrown from the moving vehicle and received in juries winch proved fatal Mr Nieman 4o leaves his widow and three sons Harold Donald and Laverne all of Shell Rock CHOKES TO DEATH MINNEAPOLIS Minn Fred Magee 69 Ellsworth Wis banker died Tuesday a few hours on a morsel of Stopover for Nazis after he choked food Weather Report FORECAST MASON Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday showers night and cooler Tuesday J IOWA Partly cloudy o cloudy and cooler showers east Tues day night Wednesday partly cloudy preceded by showers extreme east in forenoon MINNESOTA Cloudy to partly light rain east central cloudy occasional cooler south and Citklll Tuesday night Wednesday gen erately fair warmer northwest in afternoon EXTENDED FORECAST CHICAGO fore cast for the period from iijstiuiiB pianes ranged over the lur me period from 630 p English channel and the North sea m Juy l to Pm July 5 in all thp wflv thn clusivn all the way to the German naval base at Kiel Monday afternoon upper Mississippi Valley and An air ministry bulletin said Jndiana Iowa Illinois Indiana German fighting planes over Wisconsin and Minnesota except France in most cases declined com 7ose Portions that drain into the bat Several squadrons of patrol Great Temperatures will average slightly below normal lua s were sugnuy oelow normal seen in the distance by British Becoming rather cool at begin f yers but they immediately nmS and gradual trend towards sheerpn ofF rtiinri Unit warmer latter half of period u mveu lapiuiy as idiiut nau or period the Royal Air Force planes swung reaching normal or slightly above around to attack the bulletin by jend Kainfall will average satu moderate orcnrrmcr at moderate occurring at of period IN MASON CITY statistics ight Monday At 8 a m Tuesday Rain Maximum Minimum 71 Trace RS 50 Residents greeted a German armored car during a stop over in an unnamed Ukrainian village according to Ger man sources The sign in the background right reads Hearty Hitler This photo was sent bV radio from Berlin to New York PADEREWSKIS OMNIEL AHEAD RITES THURSOAf BY 12 VOTES Body to Lie in Vault at Arlington Cemetery Until War Is Over NEW YORK body ol Ignace Jan Padcrcwski Polish statesman and pianist who died Sunday night will be placed in the National cemetery a t Arlington Va until the war s over it was announced Tuesday The body will m state at P a t r ic ks Faderewski cathedral Wed nesday Arch bishop Francis J S p el 1m nn canceled plans lo deliver the eul that special tribute the doors of the cathedral will remain open Thursday night so long as mourners seek en trance The funeral will be at 10 a m Thursday It was believed that President Roosevelt who offered the Na tional cemetery as a temporary resting place would be repre sented at the funeral J M Cic chanowski Polish ambassador lo the United States will head he official delegation representing the Polish government in exile The coffin containing the body of the worldfamous pianist rested in front of the grand piano at his hotel suite Tuesday The piano was open as he had left it last week when he played a composi tion by Chopin Polands other im mortal of music Mme Antonia Wilskonska Pad erewskis sister was in seclusion butshe was said lo be taking her brothers death heroically She is 82 two years older than Pader ewski Malvina Hoffman who had done a lifesize bust of the pianist made a death mask of him Mon day night Thade Styka Polish artist made preliminary sketches Sot an oil painting of the funeral scene Precautionary Firing of 25 at Navy Yard Announced by Officials SAN FRANCISCO UR The precautionary dismissal of 25 skilled civilian workers at Mare Island Navy yard for alleged subversive activity and associa tions was announced Tuesday by naval intelligence officers anything like said They a spok tiyitics and associations Forges Into Lead Over Johnson New Deal Favorite in Texas DALLAS Tex W Lee ODaniel Tuesday forged into n 12vote lead over Representative Lyndon Johnson new deal favor ite in the special election to select a new United States senator Johnson had led in the count since first returns were tabulated Saturday night but the rural vote gradually cut down the margin and Tuesdays tabulations by the Texas election board placed ODaiiicl ahead The election boards unofficial count gave ODaniel 173674 votes and Johnson 173662 with the count complete from 238 of the i states 254 counties The board mated there are still about 2000 votes to be counted They are chiefly from rural areas where O Daniel admittedly is strong Johnson 32 who campaigned on a platform of full support for NAZIS CLAIM TO Hear BE 250 MILES FROM MOSCOW Declare Reds Battle in Vain to Break Out of German Traps BERLIN high com mand reported Tuesday hat Ger man armed forces had thrust back through he Red army to within 250 miles of Moscow after smash ing all Russian attempts to break out of German traps on the cen tral sector of he long eastern front In a report of spectacular gains against the Red army the Ger mans said that 1 German panzer divisions had sliced through the central front m the Minsk area to the town of Borisov on the Beresina river xvhich lies 52 miles east of Minsk and about 250 miles from Moscow 2 AH efforts of the big Russian armies trapped in the Bialystock uiuuiuiiitiue on uinmsli and Minsk areas to break out of operations Tuesday and the German rings of steel hnd boen was expectant since e frustrated in 24 hours of desper ate fighting against big enemy tanks The Russians suffered big casualties and loss of mechanized equipment the high command said 3 German and Slovak forces sweeping forward on boih sides of Lwow on the southern front protecting the Ukraine arc pur suing the beaten indi cating nazi belief that the south ern wing is disintegrating German forces driving into the Baltic states crossed the Duena river on a broad front in a drive on Riga after smashing bitter enemy counterattacks the high command said Other reports said that Riga had been occupied and that the Germans were driving on toward the Estonian border with the Juflwaffe leavilv bomb ing the retiring Russians The high command reported that Itie Russians suffered tremen dous losses in man and material on all three main fronts but espe cially on the central front where Uie red army forces vainly battled nut of the German traps While the German circling the Russians forces en held firm or President Roosevelts foreign and domestic policies spurted into he lend over ODaniel and the other 23 opponents ns he votes were counted from the populous areas but when the rural regions were canvassed ODaniel began rolling ahead LYNDON B JOHNSON Falls Behind BODY IS RECOVERED BEMIDJI Minn The body ti ucivuijji Minn body anv VaUer E Shettiemore Bemidfc drowned in tle Turtle lake north of here was t nor just weeded out recovered Monday turned V uiio IIUIIJ All HI the high command said other nazi units sliced through he main Russian defense lines and pushed beyond Minsk to he Berezina river on the road to Moscow SUSPECTLEAPS FROM 8TH FLOOR Chicago Police Score Nebraskans for Method in Lie Detector Test CHICAGO A L Brodie investigating the fatal plunge of a man suspected of hav ing killed his wife criticized Ne braska officers Tuesday for mg him to Chicago a lie de tector test without calling in Chi cago police He would have been properly guarded and prevented from leap ing Brodie declared Sheriff Earl S Hancock of Sherman county Nebraska and Rush C Clarke of Lincoln an as sistant attorney general of Nebras ka said in defense of their proced ure that Carl M Anderson the suspect had come fo Chicago vol untarily for the test and was not in custody The 56 yenr old publisher of he Nebraska Monitor a weekly in Litchfield Nebr where he once was mayor plunged from he eighth floor or a loop building Monday after a fourhour He de tector test Hancock said Anderson was sus pected of having clubbed his wife Evelyn with an iron pipe but he contended she died in an automo bile accident He declined o answer more test questions the sheriff said after he was told a piece of pipe was found stained with blood Hancock said Anderson replied negatively to questions implying he killed his wife but the mechanism showed lie was not telling the truth Rumanians Execute 500 Communists for Aiding Soviet Chutists BUCHAREST Rumania Rumanian gov ernment announced Wednesday that 500 communists had been ex ecuted in the Russian frontier re gion for aiding soviet parachutists It said that all persons would be shot along with their families who failed in future to denounce Russian agents or fifth colum nists Riga Occupied by Germans Swedish claimed STOCKHOLM UR press reports Tuesday tu that Riga capital of Latvia was occupied by German forces Tues day morning The Swedisli reports were based i a reported broadcast by radio Rigii at 10 a m The newspapers said the radio broadcast a proc lamation by a German officer an nouncing that the city of Riga had been occupied by German hoops and issuing greetings to the freed Latvian people The Swedish press said that the radio Riga program closed with a broadcast of Adolf Hitlers greetings and a group of Latvian folk songs RUSSIANS SEEN BURNING PROPERTY HELSINKI was audible Tuesday from the peninsula where a Russian gar scrVcd nson ho ds a leased coastal fort csa ress and from points along the 000 mile eastern Finnish fion NAZIS DECLARE TANKS NOW FAR EAST OF MINSK Russians Maintain Advances Halted at Two Main Sectors By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS In bitter allnight fighting Rus sia s troops declared Tuesday they had checked the advance of Ger man invasion forces at two main sectors of the 2000mile battle tier The Finnish high command will issue a communique on Finnish ae in the MinskBrobuisk and Luck where tho nazis are striking directly toward Moscow and the soviet Ukraine Germans by contrast as nazi tank col far east of Minsk capita of White Russia and that German schnelle trup pen speed troops were in of Smolensk 250 miles from there have been no official reports of Finnish action since the war began The Russians have been sighted burning and destroying property on the soviet side of the Russo rinmsli frontier and it was be heved the Finnish command may have ordered offensive onera hh n Eer a the bulk of the property in former Finnish territory would be de stroyed by soviet forces in re treating from the frontier llraie exPessed tor the fate of Vnpun former Finnish port now held by Russia and it was feared the city might be re duced to ruins by the red forces Youth 19 Kills 3 Men TeHstf Plan to Slay 2 Others CHICAGO URJA oneman crime wave was smothered Tues day in a jail cell where a 13 year old youth boasted of killing three men in tour days Police said the prisoner nard Snwicki told them Ber hed e have got two more if the bulls hadnt nabbed me Sawicki was captured Monday enroute home with a box of candy for his mother after police were tipped he was planning a holdup The youth was paroled last Octo ber from the St Charles III re formatory Police said he confessed slaying Henry Allain 72 nenr Momence 111 last Friday John Miller 19 in Cliicngo Sunday and Policeman Charles J Speaker in Chicago Monday The German high command said nazi and Slovak troops were car rying forward the pursuit of the enemy on both sides oE Lwow the gateway lo he Ukraine The soviet armies surrounded between Bialystok and Minsk vainly made desperate attempts the entire day to break out of the vise the nazi communique Kaid Ap proximately 400000 Russian troops are reported ciught in he nazi trau The German war bulletin de clared that the Russians chare tns in formations eight to 1Z tanks deep and supported by heavy tanks collapsed with un usually bloody losses W Radio reports from Stockholm said Riga the capital of sovietized Latvia had lallen into nazi hands f ranee s off stage role in the 10 day old struggle moved nearer the actual fighting with a statement by the Vichy French government that it hnd no objection to trench volunteers fighting along side their former enemies the Germans Only Monday France broke off diplomatic relations with Russia Home radio said Chancellor Hitler and Iremicr Mussolini decided on the war against Moscow and the destruction of the red army at their latest Brenner Pass meeting June 2 A Berlin radio broadcast said German Bavarian alpine Iroops in violent action at Lwow former Poland luid destroyed inn soviet tanks with hand grenades A Russian communique tersely FORMER BOUNDARIES German columns were reported halfway to Moscow as Berlin churned capture of Minsk and indicated German forces were in sight of Smolensk Germans also claimed capture Libau Latvian port and Lwow 5 Rus sians claimed to have repulsed attacks from Finland on but Getmans had driven through Lithuania a third of the way to Leningrad Rus sians clamed to he holdingalong the Prut river l ;