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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 31, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS PATLYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI MA UnMM PMB Fun I mnt Kw MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY SI IMS NO tt RUSSIANS 55 MILES FROM BERLIN 1st Army Breaks Through to Begin Storming Siegfried Line DRIVE NEARER HEADWATERS OF ROER RIVER Widen Bridgehead Across Our River to Thrust Into Reich Paris infantry of the American 1st army stormed across the snowdrifted German border at 2 new places Wednesday arid Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges artillery started pouring shells into the main concrete works of the thinly held Siegfried line All alone a 35 mile assault front from below St Vith to the Roer river northeast of Monschau the 1st and 3rd armies had a full scale assault underway with gains which carried the 1st to the ram parts of the west wall and broad ened the 3rd armys foothold Ill side Germany to 5 miles The next few hours it be lieved at supreme headquarters might begin to show whether even with additional cold and delaying drifts the Germans would be able to h o 1 d their fortifications with the force they left behind in their drainout to bolster the east ern front Berlin radio said the Ameri cans had launched a new attack with strong forces including tanks on both sides of Monschan alone a broadfront Gen Eisenhower was said to have massed 60 divisions nearlyhalf of them a scale Toffehsive along the I whole f a dT mitted some villages were lost bui said their front had nowhere been broken The 100000 or more identified troops pi the first and 3rd armies driving into the thinned bu Siegfried line and they advancec to within 3 miles of 2 headwater dams coritrollingJthe flood levels of the Roer river a major bar rier before Cologne Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rc army widened its bridgehead acfosslhe Our river into German to 5 miles and thrust it a mile am a half into the reich within 12 o the Siegfried line bastion of Prum The initiative was back in Gen Eisenhowers hands and as fast the Infantrymen and armor couli move through the slushy deep drifted snowflelds he was slam ming a new challenge from th west against the shaken reich Battlefront reports said th Americans who lashed out east o Monschau found Siegfried lin abandoned and unde fended In that area the firs army was attacking south of a 3c mile section of west wa whichhad been conquered earlier in the winter campaign The sec lion extended from Linnich albn the Roer to east of Monschau In other places She German were trying desperately to regai their balance from surprise pre dawn assaults At one place they struck back with a small counter attack which failed to check the American surge Initial advances ranged up to 4 miles More than a dozen towns mostly German felt Opposition was mostly negligible and largely From the very young and the in Firm of the hastily mustered Volkssturm the active attack front was 30 miles wide pressure was being exertedyjwv an80 mile frontier zone frorE the Monschau forest village of Kestemich to Sinz in Germany southeast of Luxembourg city The attack force presently committed was half as large as that hurled by Field Marshal von Rundstedt be fore Christmas intothe Belgian bulge Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges sent the 1st 2nd 9th 78th 99th and 1 other division of the 1st army into the drive which was ssuming the proportions of an iensive Lt Gen George S alton Jr committed 4 3rd army ivisions the 5th infantry 6th rmored 17th airborne and 94th nfantry Between them they had a mini mum of 34 divisions or more than 50000 assault troops Nine of lese were armored divisions 6 ther armies besides the 1st and rd stood along the western front rom the North sea to Switzer land The assault front was steadily extending northward Weather till was a greater obstacle than be Germans or their fixed fortifi ations Blizzard conditions gave vay overnight to rains and thaw ing temperatures on the 3rd army ectorfrom St Vitti to the Mo elle river complicating the al tremendous transport prob V 18thdivision with HOPE TO SAVE Defeats AntiClosed SECRETARYSHIP FOR WALLACE Barkley to Lead Administration Forces for Senate Approval Washington Dem ocratic Leader Alben W Barkley left his sick bed Wednesday for an llth hour attempt to salvage for Henry A Wallace at least a diluted version of the secretary ship of commerce Administration forces conceded defeat in the fight to give Wal lace the post with full control over government lending agencies resting their final hopes on some compromise that may lead the opposition to abandon plans to re pudiate Wallace under any cir cumstances Barkley arranged to meet with Chairman Josiah W Bailey D N Car of the senate commerce committee on a procedural ques tion that may decide Wallaces the senate should actfirst Thursday on the George bill to divorce lending agencies from the department or on the nomination itself Wallaces supporters admitted that he faced almost certain de feat unless the senate first took Shop Addition BULLETIN Washington The house Wednesday voted 178 to 142 against an anticlosed shop amendment to limited national senice legislation foremen be tween IS and 45 The teller count was subject to a possible roll call later Washington The admini stration marshalled its forces Wednesday to save the white houseapproved limited national service bill from death by amend ment House leaders were somewhat more optimistic about chances for passage but conceded that at tempts to write in controversial amendments still threatened to kill the socalled workorelse bill Most feared were proposals by Rep Walter G Andrews R N Y exempting drafted workers from closed shop agreements and by Rep Frank Rook D Mich to give legislative sanction to the fair employment practices com mission Proponents felt that adoption of either would kill the bill which is designed to force 1845 year men to get or keep war jobs under threat of fines prison terms or induction Meanwhile the house heard ar guments that only by passing stiff RESCUED OFF TORPEDOED CANADIAN Crewmen off the tor pedoed Canadian minesweeper Claypqubt are rescued by the Fennel Canadian corvette Eight lives were lost in the torpedoing place and time pf which are not disclosed AP wirephoto armor in support gained at least S miles in the 1st day of its at ack capturing Konzen and reach nr Kesternacb northeast of in the s t e e p hilled country within 3 miles of the upper Roer dam Farther down its front of 17 miles or more the 1st armys 9th division captured Rohren 2 miles east of Monschau Other forces look Wirtzfel d Ro ch erath and Krinkelt east of Malmedy All along the active front and north to Holland the Americans either were on German soil 01 very near it They were in the foothills of the Eifel mountains which form a part of the thick west wall defenses up the George bill which was aimed frankly at keeping lending powers 6ut of the exArice ipresi manpower legislation can congress prove to American fighting men that they have full sup from Yarik Troops Return to Bataan Triumphantly GUT JAPS INTO FOUR POCKETS Take San Marcelino Airdrome Near Manila 3rd army was patrolling the Our river throughout The up to northern Luxembourg all the way south of Vianden Below Vianden to Kinz the 3rd was either on the border or inside Germany Its Our river bridgehead southeast St Vith extended from near Auel to Schiebach Beyond the Ger man hamlet of Welchenhauseri Pattons infantry edged miles into the reich The U S 7th army front in northern Alsace snow bound Behind that front how ever there were aerial reports of heavy enemy traffic movements This could mean either that the Germans were bolstering or aban doning their stalled drive But c approved the George bill and dis approved the cated that he would first call up the nomination regardless of his meeting with Bargley Sen Kenneth McKellar D Term a leader in the antiWal lace camp also favored prior ac tion on the nomination and said he expected Bailey to follow that course It will be disposed of right away he said I havent the slightest idea that Wallace will be confirmed Wallaces friends did not dispute McKellars predictionin event the nomination is first called up Sen Allen J Ellender D La said the only solution would be for the president to issue an executive order separating the Reconstruc tionFinance Corp and other loan agencies from the department be fore the senate meets Thursday Only that way can we hope for Wallaces confirmation he said Sen Claude Pepper D Fin another Wallace supporter also hoped for presidential interven tion saying that Mr Roosevelts endorsement of the George bill would expedite matters But he added that he did not know whether the president will take a hand in the matter Some senators speculated on the possibility that the white house might Withdraw Wallaces nom ination and resubmit it after the George bill is passed and signed into law Sen George L Rad cliffe D Md who favors the Wallace nomination only ifRFC is dissolved from commerce said such talk was persistent Radcliffe said such a plan would assure Wallaces opponents that he would not get control over the loan agencies though a presi dential veto of the George bill after Wallace is confirmed wryjbrne frontrIhat theme tStfioofjby 2 Iowa House Passes Local Option Bill Des Molnes By a vote of 69 to 39 the house of representa tives Wednesday piassed toe hotly cahs1Reps Everett M Dirfcsen 111 and Joseph QHara iviirm Reminding the house that some men have been at the front for 120 days without replacement and that the armed forces say they need more men Dirksen wanted to know How are yon going to face those boys when they come hack OHara termed the bill a legis lative mess said he was sus picious of the motives iehind it but added Youve got to answer them the fighting men some way if you vote against this bill First test of strength on the bill was expected on amendments de signed to eliminate the compul sory features of the bill and to provide legal enforcement for the present manpower controls of the war manpower commission Administration leaders hoped that support for the controversial FEPC amendment wquld be dis sipated by the house labor com mittees announcement that H would soon start hearings on a separate FEPC measure Industry and labor however continued their vociferous oppo sition to the pending workorelse bill The congress of industrial organizations asked the senate military affairs committee to open hearings to give labor agriculture and industry a full opportunity to present their cases Ira Mosher president of the na tional association of manufactur ers sent a letter to the same com mittee warning that the pending bill would hurt rather than help war production quartern troops returned in triumph to Bar taanWednesday after a bloodless landing on the west coast of Luzon that cut the Japanese island de fenses into 4 doomed pockets and may already have overrun the It days whicii Iowa legislatures nave struggled loir nearly a century As finally adopted the measure would apply only to the sale ol beer A proposal that local option also apply to the manufacture of former U S naval base at yeverije was removed from the MECHANIZED RUSSIAN photo from the sovietGerman front shows Russian selfpropelled guns under Lt Col Kuznetsov advancing to the attack Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and not so cold Wednesday night Lowest temperature about zero Thursday mostly cloudy with occasional light snow and slowly rising temperature Iowa Fair and cold Wednesday night Thursday increasing cloudiness with rising tempera ture Minnesota Partly cloudy Wednes day night and Thursday con tinued cold Wednesday night and rising temperature Thurs day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Maximum Tuesday 8 Minimum Tuesday 14 At 8 a mWednesday 14 YEAR AGO Maximum 36 25 y s RS DETERMINED TO KEEP MARIANAS Navy Wants Islands for Postwar Base Pearl Harbor UR The TJ S navy appeared determined to re tain the conquered Marianas after the war for conversion into the Pearl Harbor of the western Pa cific within 3100 to 1500 miles south of Tokyo Artemns L Gates assistant sec retary ot the navy for air told a press conference here Tuesday that the Marianas should be kept for what they are and what they stand what they stand for Is another Pearl Harbor 3590 miles west of here Back at Pearl Harbor after a tour of American bases from the Solomons to Luzon he said the United States has complete air supremacy in the Philippines bu predicted that the going will ge tougher at the approaches to the Japanese mainland He said the Japanese probably will bring out new types of in terceptor planes based on German rocket principles gapo In another of the bold amphi bious strokes that have rolled the Japanese back across New Guinea the Halmaheras and the central Philippines the newlyconstituted V S 8th army established a solid 8mile beachhead between San Felipe and San Antonio some 45 miles northwest of Manila with out losing a man shipor plane The first assault troops hit the beach at a m Monday with out firing a shot and a few hours more than a division of veteran jungle fighters were speeding in land through lanes of cheering na tives By nightfall they had pene trated 11 miles inlandtaking San Marcelino and its 23rd field captured on and were pushing through Cas tillejos Pass toward Olongapo 9 miles away on the east shore of Subic Bay About ZOO to 300 Japanese in he area scattered down into the hills of Bataan at first sigh of the invasion armada and dls iatches from the scene indicated hat in the past 21 hours the Americans were fanning out cross the 18mile wide base of he peninsula toward a juncture vilh other invasion forces moving lown highway 3 on Manila The first American objective beyond Olongapo apparently was Dinaluhipan on the northeastern corner of Bafaan 13 miles east of he naval base and 19 miles south vest of the U S 6th army forces at San Fernando on the Manila road The 3Eth division veterans of he AitapeWewak fighting in few Guinea and elements of the 24th infantry transferred from composed the initial land ng force under Lt Gen Robert iichelberger commander of the Slh army So complete was the tactical and strategic surprise that the measure Tuesday The bill alsoprovides that if it finally isenacted no local option elections will be held in the state until after the war Regardless of how soon the war might end the earliest such proposals be voted would be in the 1946 gen eral election The law it passed by the sen ate in its present form could no take effect until November 1947 and there will be another session of the legislature before it couli go into effect The issue came to an abrup climax by a sudden flurry of with drawals of amendments Twen tytwo amendments were with drawn by their sponsors in a few minutes after word s p r e a through the chamber that th measure should he disposed o quickly The reason for the mov was not disclosed Thlrtyfou amendments had been filed an 10 were disposed of in the last days Only a dozen persons were i the galleries when the final vot was taken a sharp contrast to th opening day of debate Mbnd when the galleries were filled Nazis Bomb Strafe Fifth Army Sector I South of Bologna Rome Germans sent 9 planes on strafing and bombing missions on the American 5th army sector south of Bologna Tuesday night in the strongest en emy air action on the Italian front in weeks Ground operations were limited to patrol contacts on both the 5th and Bth army sectors Allied planes challenging the nazi aircraft destroyed one and damaged another and antiair craft fire scored hits on several GREAT DEMAND FOR U S MEAT Expect New Reductions in Civilian Supply government dodofficial said Wednesday this puntry may be in for some em arrassing momeh ts hr interna ional relations through aforV ign demand formore American meat These moments may arise said M K Bennett of the foreign eco nomic administration if ther Unit ed States fails to make a larger portion of its now declining meat reduction available abroad Bennett raised the point in questioning agriculture depart ment estimates that Americans may get from 5 to 10 pounds a person less meat in 1945 than in 1944 He declared the reduction in ANNOUNCE FALL OF LANDSBERG RAIL CENTER Large Red Forces Converge on Capital From 2 Directions London Gregory Zhukovs troops Wednesday cap tured Landsberg 68 miles east of Berlin Marshal Stalin announced Wednesday night and Berlin broadcasts said the red army had plunged to towns only 58 and 62 miles from the reichs capital Landsberg great rail and road rub on the BerlinDanzig rail line was conquered along with the strong points of Meseritz Schwie bus and Zullichau tb the southeast as Zhukovs forces broke through the German defense guarding Frankfurt on the Oder river 39 miles from Berlin German broadcasts said soviet columns had speared to Soldin SB miles from Berlin and to Zielen zig 62 miles from Germanys queen city These would represent gains north and south beyond Landsberg by columns 35 miles apart Zielenzig is only 55 miles from the suburbs included in greater Berlin Stalins order of the day showed hat Zhukov was beating into Germany on the direct route to Berlin along a 50milewide front Fierce battles are raging in the bend formed by the Oder and Warthe rivers which merge at Kustrin 22 miles northwest of Zielenzig said Berlin Zielenzig is 25 miles northeast of the Oder riv er fortress city of Frankfurt Huge soviet flank drives in creased the peril to Berlin A German broadcast said Zhu kovs northern wing had reached to Soldin only 36 miles from Stet tin on the Baltic A push Ut Stet tin would cut off all put Zhnkoy civilian supplies may jreater saying be much Where it falls depends heavily upon what is done In the alloca tion process and towards meeting International obligations by re strictive consumer rationing or larger setasides for government The FEA officials remarks were in an articlerin the current issue of the agriculture depart ments The Agricultural Situa tion Foreign countries he added want more of our meat than Ihey are getting If they are permitted to have it or a substantial frac tion of what they want and need our own per capita consumption must fall by more than 5 to 10 pounds If they are not permitted to have it some embarrassing mo ments in international relations may arise Japanese were unable to put up he slightest resistance on the beaches or anywhere ashore in the first day eliminating all pre liminary shore bombardment by the planes and warships of the big amphibious force The capture of San Marcelinos airfield putAmerican planes within a few minutes flying time of Manila bay and was expected to play a major role in the reduc tion of the forts guarding the sea approaches to the Philippines capital Japanese hopes for a successful or prolonged defense of Luzon were fading swiftly as Eichelberg ers veterans swarmedacross the northern shoulder ot Bataan Cut off from all supply of reinforce ment the survivors of the island garrison faced piecemeal destruc tion in their 4 remaining pockets DOMINATE SKIES American planes dominate the skies over Luzon as if theyowned the sky the news agency complained Wednes day in a dispatch intercepted by the federal communications com mission mountains west of Clark field in the Manila area and in Baguio and the northern hills Headquarters observers believec the Japanese would hangonand fight to the death but their posi tion now was regarded as hope less Continuous waves of American fighters and divebombers were pounding the enemy pockets from dawn to dark and all Japanese movements by daylight had be Bataan in the Zambales come virtually impossible 16 CHILDREN DIE IN FIRE Auburn Me young children and a woman trapped after an exploding stove sent lames raging through a wooden for war and fac tory workers babies were suffo cated or burned to death Wednes day Most of the victims ranged in ige from 3 months to 3 years They died in their heads thrust through the spaces between the slats in their futile struggle to escape Only 8 ofthe 25 occupants of the converted farmhouse were able to flee the fastspreading flames that swept the interior of the concerted farmhouse One of them was Mrs Eva La Coste operator of the home who sobbed We dont have any more babies as she told of trying to flee from the burning building with 2 cribs of falling and los ing the babies in the fire I had them in my arms I lost themwhen I fell down Mrs La Coste cried after telling Dr Fred erick W Cardh her physician how a stove had exploded Mrs LaCoste related that she fell at the front door of the home and stumbled out into the snow filled yard column was 6ft miles froin the Baltic port of Koslin about mid way and Duuicr Zbukpv also Xvas striking south westwardand reached the Oder at a point about 38 miles south east of Zeilenzig Here his troops were close to a linkup with the first Ukrainian army of Marshal Ivan Konevi which has stormed over the Oder at points on a long front in German Silesia Wednesdays German que said Russian attacks from their bridgeheads across the Oder in Upper Silesia were stopped and in the center declared our troops engaged in heavy battle against enemy infantry and tank forces pushing to the west in the Oder Warthe bend High nazis already have pledged a fight before in and behind Berlin and reports to Swedish newspapers said the German high command would formally declare Berlin a fortified city to be de fended stone by stone Moscow dispatches declared Zhukovs tanks were sweeping westward in deep snows in a new spurt toward the Oder tast of Ber and quoted captured German officers as saying the nazi posi tions broken in Brandenburg were the last strong defense line be fore the Oder Great armored battles were Re ported in which German royal tiger tanks were pitted against Stalin tanks of the Russians In east Prussiathe capital of Konigsbergwas nearly surround ed and German escape to the sea had been blocked there Berlin radio reported fierce fighting at Zielenzig a woolspin ning and clothmanufacturing town and at Meseritz and Wi The Berlin communique disr closed Russian forces had pene trated above Schneidemuhl to within some 60 miles of Koslin at the Baltic saying soviet recon naissance elements were counter attacked north of Flatow and north ol Krone These towns are respectively 18 miles northeast and 14 northwest of Schneide muhl The bulletin also declared that strong German forces had fought their wayback from the area of Kallsz big sovietcaptured town southeast of Poznao in Poland These Germans prevented Eos siaiu south of Leaznofrom crow ing the Oder and havedestroyed more than 230 Russian tanks since Jan 18 the communique added Large numbers of Germans in cluding elderly men and boys were reported in adispatch from Moscow to be moving up from Berlin to the Oder a stand there in defense ofthe cap ital t ital Zielenzig is 22 miles east of Kustrin1 which roughly is midway between the old GermanPolish frontier and Berlin While Berlin was itiriinf for de fense Moscow dispatches the Russians were tightening their fe ;