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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 31, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF RHISTORY AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION TTITTri VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 31 19M This Paper Consists of Two One NO One Mains Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor Landing on Marshalls Japs Hint U S Forces mm Air Offensive Rises to New BROADCAST SCHEDULE IKCIO SlibOi Sunday U KUMO Hiunibjl Tuesday I p m i KSCJ Slum City Wednesday m WStll City Thursday p m IWOI Ames tlldar p m Do We Need in Easier Life SOMETIMES I think it does all of us good to get bumped out our mental complacency Thats has happened to me and the force took the form of a jhsonal letter written by my old diversity philosophy professor tctor G T W Patrick now ap Ipaching the 90 year mark at his ne in Palo Alto Cal First a Jtle background about Prof Pat Rk then the thoughtprovoking from his letter Itwould be my guess that no dy in the 100 year history of the fiiyersity of Iowa has contribul more to the institutions scho jstic prestige than George T ttrick I think of one or two ho have approached his corltri Iition but none who has sur Issed it Referring to his early fys on the Universitys faculty te of my friends has said this Doctor Patrick the time I attended the uui Jrsity it was numerically a small stitution This was in the 80s think there were between 600 70ft students all told But we blessed with a galaxy of leat teachers whom it would be Itficult o surpass any time any lace Among the greatest of them was George T W Patrick pro or of philosophy I think he as the greatest teacher I ever under Though frail in body he is as keen of mind as he er was He performed a service inestimable value and brought feat distinction to the university his appreciation of Doctor Pat pks teaching genius touched on early days at Iowa shortly ter he had left Yale as a gradu I studied under him some 40 lars later 1 count him one of fimost amazing minds Ive ever own a man possessed of that Explicable genius which makes acquisition of knowledge an istible adventure In this Ive Nipponese Claim Furious Fighting Now in Progress the thought of him as possess e qualities which marked By UNITED PBESS Japanese imperial headquarters reported Monday that powerful American forces are attacking the Marshall islands athwart the eastern invasion route to Japan and said furious fightingis now in progress between Japanese garrisons and enemy troops The implication was plain that United States invasion forces had gone ashore in the Marshalls and had met with at least some initial success in establishing footholds Even before the Tokyo radio broadcast a communique reporting that powerful enemy troops since Sunday morning have raided the Marshall islands American fleet headquarters in the Pacific re vealed that the airsea assault on the islands had mounted to a pitch of intensity regarded as a possible forerunner to invasion Soon after U S Pacific fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor an nounced that a big task force in cluding aircraft jcarriers iind pos sibly battleships shelfed and bombed the Marshalls Saturday and Sunday radio Tokyo began a series of broadcasts reporting fierce and heavy fighting in the area Speculation that American In vasion troops may have landed on one or more of the atolls was touched off by Tokyos varied ref erences to Japanese army units or army troops joining naval forces in engaging the enemy It was possible however that the Japanese were fishing for in formation as to the task forces ultimate objective The Pearl Harbor announcement told only of shelling and bombing attacks on Kwajalein Maloelap and Wotje atolls over the weekend and did not disclose whether the nnvai armada still was in the Marshalls waters A London broadcast saidthat American warships were pump HEAVY SURFACE FORCES POUND NIPPON ATOLLS Record Task Force Continues to Hurl Shells at Islands Pearl Harbor may be the greatest naval taskforce in history hurled hundreds upon hundreds of tons of explosives for the 2nd consecutive day Sunday on the cringing Japanese defend ers of the invasionthreatened len era of the intellect i MUCH by way of introduction I to Doctor Patrick Now let me you as I was jarred by dip into Doctor Patricks letter f somewhat extended excerpt shall win the war as is ter more evident than ever but lias ting and threatening effects In the whole of Europe and in upon ourselves no one can estimate The realization of disaster very few if any peo yet realize economic and political con hences are wholly beyond me about They may be which I doubt they be revolutionary or terrify T do not know Much more or taut as it seems to me are noral biological and social equenccs Idorals and manners have both Icred a slump already in this Our culture our ideals of behavior our temperance our ed speech have suddenly ped to a lower level Gambl drinking and profanity have rned in a rush Respect for lans virtue hasfallen these evils follow upon you will say and always 5 done so They will disappear i the coming of peace But the ible goes deeper The kind of lety which the blueprinters are ming is not the kind of society h the nature of man requires being planned by economists politicians without making inquiries ofthe psychologists students of history or anthrop rjy What is planned is this out production of useful with constantly increasing Sumption of these goods Work be provided for all even if rnment has to do it Theres good wages plentiful leisure security for all against uiicm mcnl sickness and old age bility also provided if neces by the WE ARE all lo be producers and consumers Work will be ijely on the production line ixtdgcry and leisure will be spent in some form of en ainmcnt such as can be bought our plentiful money Hence at I envisage for the society of j future as planned by the blue linters is something like this and more willingness to fpend upon the government and more careless dissipating our national resources more more people sitting in cx lnsivc automobiles with softer Id softer springs more and more Ipendcncc upon sulfa drugs an and anesthetics which ve us protection from disease than the power of resistance it more crowds of spectators J ting in bleachers watching other perform more and more women and children sitting novie theaters watching action screen more and more peo old and young sitting reading vspapers which describe what Jcr people arc doing more and Turn to Page 2 JUloiisands otlshells into Ji nesc installations in the Marsh alls from less than 10 miles The first Tokyo broadcast re ferring to the fighting wasa com munique from imperial headquar ters transmitted in English by Domei and reporting thst Japa nese army and navy units have intercepted powerful enemy units which have been attacking the Marshall group since Jan 30 and fierce fighting is now going on Several hours later a Tokyo bipadcast in Italian to Italy said the American forces had begun an offensive against the Mar shalls at dawn Sunday A Tokyo broadcast in German quoted the communique as saying that troops of the Japanese army and navy stationed in the Mar shalls had enaaged enemy forces in fighting This version was re corded by the United Press in London There was no explanation of the army units mentioned the dispatch but early invasion of the Marshalls has been fore cast since allied air fleets began bombing the atolls inthe island group following the conquest of the Gilberts A Pearl Harbor communique said a strong U S task force had attacked the Marshalls Sunday Marshall islands Adm Chester W Nimilz com munique on progress of the attack said Sunday night that surface forces presumably battleships cruisers and destroyers had moved within 10 to 20 miles of the heavilydefended atolls to pound shore installations with thousands of rounds of shells Carrier task forces loosed hun dreds of tons of bombs in their 2nd days hammering at Kwaja lein Maloelap Wotje and Roi atolls The enemy forces presumably were huddling in underground pillboxes and bomb shelters sim ilar to those the marines found on Tarawa after the Nov 20 in vasion of the Gilbert islands 300 miles to the south Other carriers harassed Eniwe Lok northwest atoll of the group holding immobile by their heavy bombardment Japanese air strength that might have handi capped U S air and sea opera tions elsewhere Aside from the brief commu nique no details of the actions were reported Radio silence was enforced at sea for the protection of scores of shipsand thousands of men thrusting their way into the Heart of the enemys islanc chain of islands the foehas beenfortifying since the first WoridTwar Controlling lhe Marshalis by mandateJapan has barred out iders since 1938 Suhdayjsbom bardment marks the 2nd time in j years that any allied ship has beei within gun rangeof the islands The cruisers and baiiieships am destroyers which presumabl made up the U S surface unit must have come within range o shorebased guns That American warships coulc move so closely to enemy coast was a tribute to the 7th arm air planes hav pounded the Marshalls for 1 to carrier planes wh IS Russians Are But 16 Mites From Estonia London colonists were reported fleeing from the Baltic states Monday as the iCd army which Sunday swept up 50 more towns and hamlets be tween the gulf of Finland and Lake Peiptis raced toward King isepp last rail station short of the Estonian frontier on the line to Narva Gen Leonid A Govorovs Len ingrad army lunged to within miles of Kingisepp with the cap ture of the rail junction of Yci marn only 17 miles from the Estonian border a soviet com munique announced The village of Kotly Ifi miles above Veimarn on a spur line to the gulf also was taken The Moscow radio said Ger man colonists were fleeing along Tilh retreating nazi troops In the Lake Ilmen sector 60 liies to the south another red rmy was driving toward the railway after eizing Veliskoe Selo 17 miles outheast of Luga a junction on ic vital line Other soviet units icnaced Batelskaya from where spur line runs to Luga 18 itles to the In the Novosokolniki area still arlher south Gen Markian M opovs second Baltic army was eported to have driven to within ess than 60 miles of Latvia in hrusls west and northwest of which fell Satur tay Moscow said more than 100 Germans were killed in the ighting for Novosokolniki The Russian units which cleared he final stretch of the Moscow Lcningrad trunk line Saturday also continued to forge westward seizing he rail stations at Kast ienskaya and Yeglino on the Len ingradNovgorod line A German broadcast said the Russians had nifldc fresh breakr hroughs in some sectors below OF CASSINO PIERCEDBYUS Break Through Achieved Through Areax Flooded by German Forces By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters Algiers American infantry and tank loams surprising the nazis with a thrust across the Rapido river bottom deliberately flooded by the Peak Berlin Again Ripped but did not mention any landing or attempted landing It also was regarded as possi ble that the U S leet finally had succeeded in luring the Japa nese fleet out for battle dumped their huge bomb loads 01 Japanese airfields Maj Gen Willis H Hale com mander of the 7th AAF re ported recently that several of th airfields had been left only 20 t CO per cent effective Since then daily AAF raids have pounde the by th terrific 2day carrier bombarc inent Eniwetok reported hit only once before is only 357 miles from Kwajalein and all other atolls hit in both heavy carrier raids were in the heart of the within easy striking distance of one another if the Japanese could only have put planes into the air he middle Dnieper river in the Ukraine Thebroadcast men ehsivei strug nf Trivn northwesl of Kiro Southwest of Chcrkasy and eastand southeast of Eelaya The tiazis claimed strong sovie forces had been encircled in tin area south of Pogrebische in tin southwestern Ukraine The Rus sians said Saturday that they had given ground to German counter attacks east of Vinnitsa in thi same general territory U S SUBS SINK U NIPPON SHIPS Jap Supply Lines Are Hit by Submersibles Washington iP The navy re ported Monday the sinking of 1 Japanese ships some of whic may have been endeavoring to re inforce enemy positions in th Marshall islands in the Pacifi now being battered by America Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy air and surface forces All of the Japanese ships wen down after attacks by farrangin American submarines but jii where the submersibles struc was not disclosed Two large transports whic could have been carrying troo forenemy positions in the Mar snails were included among the 14 ships downed by American torpedoes The total also included B freighters presumably laden with badly needed supplies for enemy bases The new report of damage to the battered Japanese merchant fleet brings to 572 the number of enemy ship sunk probably sunk or damaged by submarine action since the Pacific war started Of that number 422 have been sunk 36 probably were sunk and 114 damaged Germans to form a barrier have achieved a break through German defenses north of Cassino allied headquarters announced Monday While American fighters and bombers jyjored a record bag Italy in knocking down Bi Ger man planes in a series of flatten ing assaults Sunday on 4 enemj air bases in northeastern Italy British tommies and Americar rangers with tanks and tankde stroyer teams fought a string o sharp actions along the perimeter of the Anzio bridgehead and en larged their grip on the strategic edge 19 or 20 miles below Rome The Germans evidently had ained time o prepare a line o efenses through the Alban long the railroad from Rome ti isterna 2G miles southwest of thi ternal City and the British am mericans were methodical lasting them out of hayslack ilos farm buildings and village astily converted into camou aged pillboxes and forts A Berlin broadcast Monda aid a strong BritishAmerican of ensive had been started from the uidgehead Dispatches from the iridgehead Sunday said the allies lad poured 6 infantry divisions nto the wedge along with armor nd guns Despite the floods caused by the Hermans diverting the Rapido iver to a new course American nfantry and tanks north of Cas ino on the main 5th army front aptured 2 key hills Nos 223 and 67 and fought their way into the illagcs of Cairo and Monte Villa vhere they arc now mopping up Cairo is a little more than 2 niles north of Cassino and Monte Villa is just over a mile The American attack brolie through German defenses in the irea north of Cassino knq wn a s the catcnipg Ihe Germanby surprise an al lied headquarters commentator said A 75 millimeter gun wjth ils crew of 75 was taken intact along with a prisoner bag of 42 Cassino still was being held strongly by ihe Germans but it was now outflanked from the north Tanks pushed across the Rapido flood on a log bridge constructed by engineers working under shell fire were of great assistance in smashing German pillboxes A mile and a half north of Cairo French troops consolidated their gains in the Mt Belvedere sector and probed Mt Croce which they found strongly fortified Along the coastal sector of the main fifth army front the British captured nit Rotundo two and a half miles northwest of Cartel forte and the 2000foot peak of Mt Jucaii 3 miles northeast of Lastclforte British warships patrolling along the coast in support bombarded the Terracina area and German transport moving from the main fifth army front toward the bridgehead News from the brideghead indi cated the Germans had dug in for 5 miles along the CisternaRome railroad from a point 2 miles north of Cislerna At a point 3 miles southwest of Cistcrna allied troops repulsed one TAP tlie treatment received by this Jap taken captive in Burma to that accorded American soldiers after the fall ol Bataan and Corregidor A Yank captain has just given him a cijjaret after his wounds had been bound up and a warm blanket placed over him Argentina Acted to Avert Revelation of Bolivian Coup Washington United States threat to reveal that associates of Argentine President Pedro Ramirez and Spanish legation officials in La Paz conspired with nazi agents tobring about the Bolivian CAPITAL AFIRE RUBBLE HEAPED ALONG STREETS RAF Bombers Blast Berlin Then Mtfsquito Planes Strike Ruins of big RAF bombers smashed at Berlin again Sunday night with a holocaust of fire and explosives in historys greatest aerial offensive which left the nazi capital and 3 other groat industrial cities aflame and heaped with rubble It was the 3rd terrific blow in 4 nights upon Berlin and mos quito bombers darted in after the heavy bombers lo add to the spreading ruin U S liberators carried the blis tering assaults into the 5th day with a bomb rain on antiinvasion installations in the PasDcCal ais area of France Saturday In 4B hoLirs ending Sunday American heavy bombers operat ing from England and Italy poured more than 3900 tons explosives on the nazi war machine U S army headquarters disclosed The liberator assault boosting that massive tola was the 8th straight allied daylight attack on secret targets in the northern France coastal area Thunderbolts escorted the bomber fleets but no details were disclosed immediatelv i It was the 11th U S heavy bomber raid this month and the 20th allied big assault this year this sector representing the cen ter of the bridgehead while the British were ranged to the north facing Rome across the Via An ziate Weather Report FORECAST Mason City r Decreasing cloudiness Monday afternoon and Monday night Tuesday fair colder Monday night lowest tempera ture in Mason City 16 slightly warmer Tuesday afternoon Iowa Decidedly colder with tem peratures falling to below zero in north and 10 above in south by Tuesday morning Continued cold Tuesday Partly cloudy Monday night becoming fair Tuesday Diminishing winds Minnesota Cold wava cast and colder west portion with tem perature falling to 5 to 10 below zero north to 5 above south por tion by Tuesday morningCon tinued cold Tuesday except not quite so cold northwest portion jii afternoon Diminishing winds IN MASON CITY GIobcGa7ctle wcalhcr statistics Maximum Sunday 36 Minimum Sunday night 25 At B a m Monday 27 Rain Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum Ifi Precipitation 08 Snowfall 15 inches The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 42 Minimum Saturday night 25 At 8 a m Sunday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 2 Minimum 17 Precipitation 02 Snowfall 25 coup detat last bec 20 helped to orce Argentina to break relations with the he axis it was learned making January one of the great est bombing months despite win teif weather An omirioiis silence the whole of Germany in the wake of nightTandday bomb The understood Uitm Aiutricaii governmenXs last week a the conspiracy This document along with other factors such as the possibility of economic sanctions against Argentina led o that countrys hasty severance of re lations wifli Germany and Japan it was said Asked at his news conference Monday whether he could release the document Secretary of State Cordell Hull said he could not do so at this time He inferentially confirmed ex BOMBARD MARSHALL U S naval guns bombarded the Marshall islands indicated by arrow on the above map Claim Same Figures Produce 5 Different Income Tax Results Cleveland Cleveland Press sent 5 reporters to the northeastern Ohio internal rev enue office here lo get official help in making out their tax re turns The reporters unknown to the collectors presented 5 different deputies with identical statements of their income and tax payments with claimed deductions The answers ranged from a re fund of SI388 to a debt of 524610 Other answers were a debt of debt of S1255 and refunds of and S921 Thomas M Carey district in ternal revenue collector was shocked when he learned of the different answers and said he would investigate istence of the document how ever by stating that when the BolivianArgentine situation first arose the United Stales and the other American countries began assembling data oil all the cir cumstances He said that because that docu ment was confidential and be cause he had not consulted the other governments about its re lease he was not In a position to go into the subject at this time It was understood that Hull originally intended to publish the document at noon on Jan 24 At 10 a m however he received in formation that Ramirez was ready to break off relations with the axis if the United States would not publicly implicate Ar gentina in the Bolivian situation Hull agreed A milder 4para Rraph statement was issued and 2 days later Argentina made good her promise The document it was under stood said that Jose Luis Arangu rcn chief clerk of the Spanish legation at La and reputed to be a Spanish fascist or falangist distributed some con tributed by Argentine and nazi sources promoting the revolution GERMANS FLOOD SUPPLY ROUTE forces open arrow have diverted the waters of the Rapido river flooding the supply road behind Americans who have crossed the stream British and French troops gained in the Cassino area and BritishAmerican 5th army forces have taken several towns in the invasion area south of Rome Eddie Cantor Ends 24 Hour Bond Drive Sells Total San Franciscd Eddie Cantor 52 years old Mon day returned to Los Angeles fol lowing his 24 hour sales campaign over radio station KPO during which he sold worth of war bonds more I than his goal The banjoeyed comedian ended his 24 hour talkathon at 6 a m Sundajr tired but the happiest Ucedlvc ever been At the conclusion o his pro gram he sent the following mes sage lo Hitler and Tojo Are you listening Mr Tojo Are you listening Mr Hitler Out boys are out to do some roping and youre going lo be on the end Are you quitting huh F INJURIES Des Moines M Tree 71 DCS Moines died Sunday of in juries suffered Friday when struck by an automobile U was the 5th traffic fatality in Polk county this year bomber blow at Frankfurt Sat urday By I p m however German propagandists had rallied their forces and put out through the Transocean agency Ihe usual re port of a terror raid bii British Huns that caused heavy damage in wide areas Berlin dential quarters cultural mpnu ments social institutirjns and pub lic buildings Communications between Sweden and Berlin broken Sun day were not restored until mid day Monday and the first dis patch reaching Stockholm said Sunday attack caused grpat damage The RAF said a very strong force of bombers struck Berlin still flaming Jrom assaults on Thursday and Friday nights Thus Germany Monday began her I2th year under nazi rule with the homeland strewn with debris and death Smaller forces of night raiders stabbed at other objectives in cen tral and western Germany The entire nights work which also in cluded minelaying operations cost he RAF 33 planes the smallest loss in the last 4 Berlin attacks This indicated that the sustained assaults were proving a heavy drain on enemy fighter forces The first British announcement on Sunday nights Berlin raid failed to givclhe tonnage dropped but it likely was at least 1500 long tons which is about average for the heavy assaults since the battle of Berlin began last Nov 13 That would mean that approxi mately 21000 long tons of bombs have cascaded on the city in an actual bombing time of less than 10 hours Sunday nights blow against the rcich capital was the 14th since the beginning of the battle of Berlin 2 months ago The RAF night shift took over before the last of a great Ameri can daylight fleet had returned Sunday from dealing a heavy alow to Messerschrnitt plants al Brunswick and giving violent pasting to Hanovers great freight yards and locomotive tank and aircraft parts factories Meanwhile Frankfurt pounded by a record American daylight as sault Saturday was listed in Stock holm reports as morlally wounded Interspersed with the major blows against Germany were day light attacks on the French inva sion coasl and it was reliably es timated that the overall air of fensive had dumped some 7000 Ions of bombs in less than 4 days German losses aloft were as grievous as on the ground The 4 big days cost the nazi air force at least 215 first line fighters against an allied tollup to Sunday night of 164 aircraft mostly heavy bombers ATokyo broadcast heard by U S government monitors said halt of ihe Japanese embassy was damaged in the Friday raidbut ;