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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 31, 1940, Mason City, Iowa HARLOH E H H 1ST MEM ART OEPT OF IOWA COUP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL tEASES WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 31 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 99 BRITAIN WONT DRAW IN NEUTRALS For End to Economies Wrangling By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist SENATOR PAT HARRISONS plan to get the federal govern ments expenditures down to a fig ure not exceeding its income is so good that nobody is in a position to find fault with it except on one ground the ground that its too late for consideration at this session of congress That is to say thats the nominal ground The real ground is that adoption of it would in v o1v e econo m i e s To be Senator Harrison sure the legis lators all are in favor of economy general But almost no legis lator favors economy in his par ticular bailiwick Possibly Senator Harrison does in Mississippi but if so hes a rare exception Initially the various cabinet de partments and independent execu tive offices like the Interstate Commerce and Federal Trade commissions and 50odd other ones dope out what each must have to carry it through the en suing fiscal year These estimates or demands are turned in to the budget bu reau The bureau compares the total with the amount of money it reckons that Uncle Sam will collect in taxes during the corre sponding period It finds that this total is always in excess of tax collections So it pares down here and there Then it turns its own totals over to the white house the cabinet departments and inde pendent offices meanwhile yowl ing that theyre being each of Finns Smash Renewed Soviet Assaults makes some more slashes after which he passes the iigures on to congress The Two Houses First they go to the house of representatives for the lower con gressional chamber initiates all financial legislation Its a cinch that the representa tives wont like the reductions Each individual representative supports reduction in all the other representatives allowances but none supports reduction in his own district Consequently help ing one another collectively theyre opposed to much economy At the present session theyre a bit more economical than usual because theres been so much talk about huge federal spending and deficits Theyve even whittled some of the presidents items but that doesnt often happen The representatives having fin ished with it the money bill is delivered to the senate Ordinarily the senate is slightly tighterfisted than the representa tives Why Why because ALL the representatives face the voters in an election year like this But the senators are voted on only onethird at a time Therefore twothirds them always are comparatively independent and can cut and slash quite freely There always is more or less difference of opinion between the two houses So they choose a joint conference committee which fi nally hits on a mass of compro mise figures They never are satis factory to anybody Money bills as ultimately passed invariably are weird hodgepodges Pat Harrisons Plan Senator Pat Harrison who is chairman of the upper chambers finance committee wants the rep resentatives and senators to do their conferring as soon as con gress gets the departments anc independent offices original esti mates revised by the president He proposes a group of 12 sena tors and 12 representatives al real fiscal experts to get together an interhouse schedule and shool it through the two chambers simultaneously This procedure he argues would save time for one thing The two houses fixers would have an opportunity to consult with the miscellaneous departmenta and independent official spokes men and the white house to as certain the houses respective views and to cough up a scien tifically prepared program that all hands could more or less con cur in eliminating an infinity of lastminute wrangling and all around sorenesses RECAPTURE OF PITKARANTA ON FRONT CLAIMED Finnish Strategy Is One of Waiting Until Reds Run Out of Bullets HELSINKI smashing of renewed Hussian assaults at sev eral points northeast of Lake La doga with the destruction of nine Russian tanks was reported Wed nesday by the Finnish army com munique Five Russian planes were said to have been downed in fighting Tuesday About 50 Russians were killed at Taipale as soviet thrusts along the Karelian isthmus front w ere turned back Unofficial reports asserted that the Finns had recaptured Pitkaranfa an Important city norfh Of Lake Ladoga about 20 miles from the soviet frontier Pitkaranta was occupied by the ed army early in the invasion of Finland Its recapture was described as an effective step in the encircling movement against Russian divi sions trapped in the Kitela sector An observer from the Lake La doga front reported two of the so viet divisions there had been with out food more than a week al though they still had ammunition The Finnish strategy now is one of waiting until the Russians run out of bullets at the same time keeping up punishing thrusts aealnst the Russian po sitions X He said the soviet offensive northeast of the lake had been technically broken for some time but that the Finns because of nu nerically inferior forces must bide their time before taking ad vantage of the victory The same informant said evi dence had been found by the Finns that Russian dead were be ng disposed of through holes in the ice so as to conceal the ex tent of casualties Official sources said soviet aerial activity Tuesday was con siderably less than on Monday and was aimed chiefly at northern Liniand where a few peacelu rural communities were bombec wjth slight material damage and three persons were reported wounded Meanwhile fresh troops from Russia were reported pouring into the Salla front above the Arctic circle in an effort to turn the tide against the Finns in the north With the red armys positions virtually unchanged after 1ft flays of fighting the Finnish Arctic army faced what military sources believed was its hardest test on a forested ridge above Murkajarvi if 41 The Finns said they believed the reinforcements possibly totalling a envision indicated the Russians still expected to cut Finland in two this winter In a survey of bombings since the war began Nov 30 Lieutenant General Saivo chief of the Finnish civil air defenses said thai 300 Russian planes had been shot down and at least 800 soviet air men killed Saivo reported the Russians had killed 400 civilians and wounded 930 in 642 raids in which 20340 bombs were dropped on 207 locali ties outside war zones The officer said in 24 instances hospitals and churches were bombed MEET FEB 23 DES MOINES Iowa State Dairy association will meei at Ames on Feb 23 Allies Will Get the Fight They Seek MAJOR FIGHT IN FARM BILL TO BE IN SENATE Congress Agricultural Leaders Plan Fight for Parity Payments WASHINGTON y demands for heavy cuts in ag icultural expenditures congres ional farm leaders Wednesday witched their principal fight for Hitlers Declarations Meet Reserve in Italian Circles The Weather FORECAST IOWA Unsettled slightly warmer in southcentral Wed nesday night Thursday partly cloudy to cloudy slightly cold er in northwest and extreme northcentral MINNESOTA Snow flurries colder in north and westcentral Wednesday night Thursday con siderable cloudiness and colder IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 23 Minimum Tuesday nighl 10 At 8 a m Wednesday 1 YEAR AGO Maximum 30 Minimum 7 SEE INCREASE IN BITTERNESS German Commentators Conclude Fuehrer to Make Fight to Finish BERLIN increase in the bitterness and energy of the war was predicted by German commentators Wednesday on the strength of Adolf Hitlers declar ation that England and France will get the fight they asked for Hitlers own Voelkischer Beo bachter stressed this quotation in a pageone headline over its ac count of his seventhanniversary address in the SportsPalace Tuesday night Observers concluded that the fuehrer intended lo make a fin ish fight of the war that will be five months old on Saturday They detected a note of reliance on Soviet Russia and Italy when he said the Russian ties made Germanys position safe from the rear and that the Reich was buttressed by unchanged close friendship with Italy In our battle for national exis tence we have grown so strong that nothing any longer will be able to defeat us Hitler declared His closest approach to defini tion of Germanys war aims was the remark that the Reich was fighting for justice and the right to live While he spoke with his usual intensity and spread sarcasm heavily on Germanys foes hearers heia the opinion that lie added no concrete factor to the wordwar which has bcon conducted simultaneously with the physical conflict at sea and in the air Hitler spoke at a nazi rally of 25000 picked demonstrators to mark the anniversary of his ac cession to the German chancellor ship on Jan 30 but the oc casion lacked some of its tradi tional fanfare The cold snowy streets ol blackedout Berlin were devoid of demonstrations Noises frequently interruoted reception of the speech in the United States and some American radio engineers said they believed this was due to deliberate jnm ming from some source unidentifted Some quarters emphasized the fact that immediately after Hit lers address force was given to his words by the semiofficial an nouncement that German flyers had destroyed seven more British merchant ships and damaged or destroyed other vessels Varied Interpretations Placed on Speech in England and France By THE ASSOCIATED PKESiy Adolf Hitlers freshened decla rations of policy as regards his friends and his enemies were met with reserve in Rome Wednesday and with varying argumentative nterpretations in London and Paris Italian newspapers published resume ot the fuehrers speech of Tuesday night without comment Of Romes two morning news papers only Popolo Di Roma singled out Hitlers reference to friendship with Italy for headline mention Government sources were equally reserved Officials said they were waiting to study the official text before comment cr Hitler declared common policy of Italy and Germany had not changed and that their common interests can be reduced to a com mon denominator British spokesmen professed to find evidence in the address that Hitler had given up hope of sepa rating Great Britain and France in order to destroy each of them singly and at his leisure The Times of London decided Ihe fuehrers speech was as ir relevant as it is stale and the London Daily with Hitler Mail dismissed i made his speech FLAMES CAUSE DAMAGE Blaze Is Confined to Basement of Aigpna Pool Hall ALGONA Flames started by an overheated refrigerator causei an estimated damage to h basement of the Barry pool hal here Wednesday morning Jack Craig janitor discoverer the blaze at 6 a in Wcdnesdn morning as he wasgoing to work The fire was confined to the base mcnt The bowling alleys and lock cr room of the pool hall wen ruined An electric clock connected U the refrigerator stopped at a m and it was believed Unit the fii started at that time Smoke caused damage in the ad joining grocery and departmen stores and second floor offices Th Algonn fire department battled th flames for several hours befor they could be brought under con trol KELLER INDORSES FKOJECT DES MOINES pro posed dam and floo control project in the Iowa rive near Coralville Iowa was indorse by George Keller state adminis trator for the Work Projects ad ministration again last night The British Broadcasting cor poration showed unusual speed in getting a British reply on the air It was broadcast in German with in an hour after Hitler spoke Ger mans are forbidden to listen to foreign broadcasts Hitler threatened to deliver the war which he said the British and French had asked for Semi official circles in Paris however represented the French attitude as one of calm indifference The Paris newspaper Lc Journal declared the speech was that of a man made helpless by the ap pearance the police he had not expected x x x the speech of a man who x x x in order to jus tify his own crimes accuses his Germanys Helgoland Defenses Reinforced BERLIN anti submarine defenses in Helgoland bay have been reinforced by the pursuit planes and other equip ment the high command said Wednesday in a communique The claim was repeated that in raids on the British coast Tuesday Ger man planes sank seven armed merchantmen and damaged oth ers one severely Two British ad vance boats also were sunk it was said loss of one German plane was admitted MILL SUPPORT INDIVIDUALS DES MOINES Des Moines Trades and Labor as sembly announced it will support neither individual candidates nor in the coming city elec groups lions FLAN BUREAU CONFERENCE DES MOINES Johnson president of the Iowa Farm Bureau federation said the semiannual conference for mid western Farm Bureau presidents and secretaries would be held here Feb 21 and 22 Between 30 and 40 arc expected to attend LOOK INSIDE FOR MERRY FAHRNEY Her Husband Leads 61 in Naming Companions PAGE 2 Mason City High to Have Sectional Meet PAGE Officers Investigate Series of Robberies PAGE 8 n ore money he senate from the house to Because of strong cconomy scntiment they decided to let the annual farm appropriation bill go throusli the house with out a wholehearted attempt to add 3225000000 for parity pay ments but to seek its inclusion when the measure reaches the other chamber Nevertheless they will try to during the house debate other slashes which the appropri itions committee recommended Tuesday to thai end they talked of swapping support of relief and urban housing appropriations for votes from city members who ordinarily do not favor large farm expenditures The appropriations committee asked the house to vote 256 for all agriculture department activities next year a total 20 per cent under the presidents budget estimates and 50 per cent 2 Possible Reasons for Nazi Attacks One May Be to Bolster German Morale Other to Ruin English Trade By DEWITT MACKENZIE Associated Press Foreign Editor There is considerable specula tion as to whether special meaning is to be attached to the nazi air raids on allied shipping during the past two days but there are a couple of good one of them means theres blood on Europes moon The bombings presumably were intended in part as an accompani ment for Adolf Hitlers reappear ance Tuesday night on the speak ers rostrum This came after a silence which lias lasted since lie all but lost his life in the Munich beer hall explosion of Nov 8 Tuesdays occasion was the sev enth anniversary of the fuehrers ascent to the chancellorship It also was the fitting hour for him to reply lo the oratorical blasts of French Premier Daladier and British First Lord of the Admiral ty Churchill So with claims of devastat ing German air raids as a back ground Hitler made his speech Like both other belligerents he ended with hail victory And like the others he was talking carnestky to bolster up the morale of his people for the misery which presumably is just around the corner ASSERT ALLIES NO THREAT TO SMALL NATIONS Chamberlains Address Designed to Offset Churchills Statements COHCHESTER HOUSE fug land Minister Neville Chamberlain reminded Europes neutral nations Wednesday that the exercise of allied belligerent ngnts might cause them inconven ience and loss but pledged hat Great Britain would avoid any effort to draw them into war Chamberlain who announced the destruction of another German Uboat Tuesday by British aerial and naval forces charged that Germany threatens the existence of states too small and weak or too near them for defiance and said that nazis show the most callous indifference lo the rights of neutrals and the ordinary dic tates of common humanity below the funds year for the current Among the items deletcdCwere the farm tenant loan program the 572678812 boost in automatic appropriations for sur plus crop removal and 347975000 money is in the benefit payments to sugar grow ers if jf House debate began only a few minutes after these slashes were made and farm leaders prntcslcil that they had not had time to study the reductions Representative Tarver D Ga and several other members com plained that the appropriations committee would make the farm er the goat of budgetbalancing But administration leaders pre dicted that the cuts would stick Some members served notice that if farm funds were to be slashed they would not support proposals to make loans to Fin land or authorize a proposed expansion of the navy The appropriations committees action raised tentative congres sional economies in one month to more than 5283000000 It tacked a saving onto previ ous cuts in other supply bills of more than S12B000000 He declared that the allinl powers intend after the war lo return to jaeil behind our economic agreement wilh the United Stales a little over a year ago must put an end to the vicious policy ot economic nationalization and autocracy which unset lhe last peace sci tlemcnt There is another logical reason There is not a single nonbel tliat feels itself for the nazi raids Premier Dala u may have called the Monday night when he warn France in a speech that total with Germany cannot be breaking He added that it would be criminal to underestimate Germanys formidable war strength Those raids to my mind repre sented a business double Eng We do not for a moment question the rights of neutrals to decide whether they fa into conflict or stay out or if they choose lo slay in wJul a aouQic Jtng it land herself lias been wondering y USC the Dcu 1L I IralllV IltfV xllninr whether a lightning war against The new economy drive relc shipping is at hand Whatever way one looks at it these most ambitious and perhaps destructive yet aimed at shipping gives further indication that the Germans are getting tuned up for a wholesale air offensive against England as soon as good weather comes Military experts agree that such an attack represents the only chance for Hitler lo smash the naval blockade which is slowly strangling Making war against women and children was the charge he preferred against Britain We shall see a new type of war fare if this drive materializes Nobody knows how effective the new air warfare may be because the only time it has been on a large scale was in Poland It was devastating in the bloody blitz krieg However the Polish defense against air raids was weak where as lhe allies both claim to be all to meet Berlins threatened blood bath Many observers have been look ing for Hitler to direct nn early ily they have chosen V Chamberlain made n friendly gesture toward Japan in an appar ent effoit to soothe Japanese anger over the seizure by i Brit ish warship ot 21 German seamen from a Japanese liner off the Jap anese coast Nothing would distress us more than that there should be in the minds of the Japanese people or Ihe Japanese government any idea that we deliberately or intention our belligerent gated temporarily to the back ground the annual controversy over the farm parity payments which are designed to raise the farmers purchasing power to the 191014 level The funds are in addition to the usual set aside for benefit payments to farmers who cooperate with AAA crop control programs Sponsors of the parity funds were afraid of meeting defeat in the house whereas they claim greater support in the senate which restored bill last year the item to the F R Would Assist in Boundary Settlement LONDON Britain has asked President Roosevelt to cooperate in a solution of a boundary dispute between British Honduras mid Guatemala and the president has agreed it was an nounced Wednesday Britain it was disclosed has suggested to Guatemala that the dispute be referred to the Hague court or that alternatively it bu arbi trated by a tribunal of interna tional lawyers DESTROYED BY FIRE ANAMOSA three story Anamosa Milling company elevator building erected mere than 65 years ago several thou sand bushels of grain and equip ment and records were destroyed by fire of undetermined origin Elmer Headlee owner said the loss would total about part of which was covered by in surance major offensive against important llrcs to ui lo frustrate the cast coast ports of England nclucle London Dover Folke stone Harwich and Leith Hull Newcastle Some 51000000 tons of ocean ihipping enters these harbors in normal years The German idea would be to destroy not only shipping in the English channel and North sea Out especially to wipe out ships and docks in the ports Could such a scheme be carried out it would represent a devastation so terrible ihat the imagination refuses to pic ture it in advance DUFORD GIVEN ST LOUIS POST Assistants at Si Ambrose Also Hired for Coaching Staff ST LOUIS UP Wilfred Dukes Duford of college Davenport St Ambrose Iowa whose football teams have a nineyear record of 60 victories 7 ties and 10 defeats was appointed head coach at St Louis university Wednesday His assistants at St Ambrose Robert G Klenck and Don W Geyer also were named to the universitys coaching staff Terms of Dufords contract were not disclosed but it was vindcr ally exercised rights as we sec them wilh want of courtesy or want of considera tion to the Japanese nation he said The Japanese had been angered by the seizure so close to Japanese waters and had de manded release of the German seamen Chamberlains speech gener ally was intended lo offset the anger aroused in neutral nations by recent suggestions of Win ston Churchill First lord of the admiralty that the neutrals join up wilh the allies to guard against being divided between nuziism and bolshevism We arc bound to take all incus machinations of a powerful and utterly unscrupulous enemy he said in connection with the Japan ese protests as well as the attitude of other neutrals But certainly the last thing we want to do is to affront the self respect of a friendly nation wilh whom we want to live in peace Chamberlain continued Dont let anyone suppose that we are indifferent to the losses which neutrals might sustain We ask neutrals whether they are smnll and weak or great and pow erful lo consider that though in the exercise of our undisputed belligerent rights we may have to take action which causes them in convenience and even loss we at any rate have never sunk a neutral ship we have never wittingly sac rificed a single neutral life We mean when the wai is successfully concluded to return to the idea behind our agreement with the United little over a year ago the reciprocal trade agreement We must put an end to the vi cious policy of economic nationali sation and autocracy which did so much to upset the last great peace settlement Chamberlain said that the em pire now had upwards of 1250000 men under arms and that the toll of German here at close to been in creased by Tuesdays air and naval operations Chamberlain said that the de struction of the Uboat resulted from the first attack in a Ions time1 by a German submarine on a British naval convoy Very stood to cover i long period Duford succeeds Cecil E Muel Icrlcilc whose resignation was announced Jan 13 Muellcilcilosl majority of the crew he said assistants Carl J Pike and Henry Regarding the navy he skid Ked Kiausc ilso have is today as always in our his differcnlly from the German practice we saved the ;