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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 30, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER fOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NSWSPAPER THAT MAKtS ALL IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION and United Full Cents Copy One Afons Opinion A Radio Commentary W EARL HALL Managing Editor Hitler Bet on the Wrong Horse ALTHOUGH I read all of Doctor Vannevar Bushs book Mod ern Arms and Free Men with interest and profit there was one chapter that held a very special attraction for me It was the chap ter titled The Guided Missile Much of that chapter had to do with the robot bombs laid on London in the summer and au tumn of 1944 first by the Vls more popularly kn6wn as buzz bombs then by the V2s a true rocket not a pilotless aircraft Why my interest in this sub ject Both the buzzbombs and the rocket bombs were known to me During my time in London in the summer and fall of 1944 I saw heard or felt at least 100 of the former and I felt or saw the de struction wrought by at least a half dozen of the jetpropelled bombs Naturally therefore the com ments in this chapter by the man who headed up Americas office of scientific research and devel opment during the war years re vived some memories for me Their Stories Tally For several weeks after my re turn from this little war corre spondence mission I was hot privileged to talk very much about the buzzbombs and their effects on London It was still topdrawer secret information The British didnt want Hitler finding out how much damage the devilish contrivances were caus ing Ultimately however I was able to tell my story without res ervations or restraints This I did in radio commentaries talks be fore various groups and in a somewhat extended article pre pared for magazine use At the risk of seeming to boast I must say that it has been grati fying to me to note how every closely my appraisal of the robot weapons tallies with that of Doc tor Bush who obviously was in a better position for the job than I was Theres such a thing as being close to the that you dont see the forest v In my case seeing about one out of every 10 homes in London damaged by the buzzbomb blasts it would have been extremely easy for me to attach too much impor tance to the robot the total war picture Hitlers Grand Strategy The in par from an as sumption that if London could be destroyed the British will to fight would be destroyed They gambled all on that assumption They were wrong on 2 counts First London wasnt destroyed couldnt be destroyed with weapon such as the Vl or the V2 bomb Second there is no good reason for believing that Britain would have been driven but of the war by the total destruction which the Germans sought Previously Ive told about the defensive measures taken by the British against the Vls They of course could be seen since they didnt travel any faster than the fastest of fighter planes The V2s couldnt be seen in flight and their speed was the speed of sound In both cases there was a war head of one ton of explosive 4 Principal Defenses There were 4 principal defenses the buzzbombs The first was to seek out their launching platforms in PasdeCalais across the channel and blast them into destruction with bombs This was perhaps the most effective aspect of the defense t Next fighter planes were kept in the air between London and the channel to sweep down on the buzzbomb planes and ground them prematurely There were vast nests of antiaircraft artil lery in strategic places In this radar equipment hurriedly set up at Folkstone and other points proved tremendously valuable Last London was given the pro tection of a vast number of bar rage balloons run up on steel cables They had been built earlier in the war as a defense against lowlevel bombing by regular bombing planes but had never served any useful purpose in that They really came into their own however against the pilot less plane none of which flew at an altitude of more than half a mile Held Up 3 Months Tlie attack on London had been planned for March of 1944 but the blasting of the launching sites across the channel delayed the start until June The first one roared over London a few days after our invasion of the conti tient had started One of the purposes of the buzz Tsomba of course was to get us to invade at a point across from Dover Thats where the robot plants were coming from Thats where Hitler was really ready for va This may have been as much his thinking as the destruction H us to invade i fCOJNllNUKD ON PAGE 2 JVIASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 30 LOOKING IT over some y Pr0 purchased for planting in Italy is Prof Vittono Marchi left head of the seed and plant division of the Federazione Consorzio Agrario Fed n in Italy With him left to right are Meho A Tonini Des Moines attorney who acted as interpreter John Mulling Britt whose plant and ViSlting when the picture was and Ralph F German former countyagent in Kansas and now a technical agricultural assistant for EGA with the Italian government who accompanied Prof Marchi Iowa Hybrid Seed Com Grown on 300000 Acres in Italy Russians Let Berlin Bound Trucks Pass Berlin backlog of Berlinbound trucks piled up at Helmstedt by the RuSsian baby blockade disappeared Monday when soviet border guards relaxed traffic restrictions Trucks were passed through the soviet checkpoint at the rate of 8 to 10 an hour compared to a low of 2 an hour last week West Ger man police said a backlog of 60 trucks piled up at Helmstedt Sun day night was gone by 6 a m Monday End of the baby blockade was signalled during the weekend when east German police an nouncedthe ending of what they c al 1 e d document orientation week During the slowdown Russian border guards spent between 15 and 30 minutes in a minute in spection of all documents carried by German truckers If documents were not in order trucks were turned back until they were cor rected The Russians with their usual secrecy refused however to give any guarantees that the slowdown would not be reimposed any time the fancy seized them BUILD NEW B50 Wichita Kans Boeing Airplane company has developed a new model of the B50 Super fortress for use in aerial photog rapu and weather reconnoissance Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Light snow ending Tuesday Low Monday night about 10 above High Tuesday Iowa Cloudy though Tuesday Snow overspreading state Mon day night and Tuesday Not so cold Monday night and Tuesday Minnesota Light snow and slowly rising temperatures Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 10 to 20 below north zero to 5 above south High Tuesday around zero north 15 to 20 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 5 Minimum 15 At 8 a m 9 YEAR AGO Maximum 4 Minimum 15 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 29 g 3 ft J5 By THOR J JENSEN Britt Approximately 300000 acres of land in Italy will be planted with hybrid seed corn from Iowa this year The ex planation also shows how Mar shall plan by the economic cooperation adminis tration usually stay right in the united States Prof Vittorio Marchi head of the seed and plant division of the Federation of Agricultural Co operatives in Italy and Ralph F German former county agent in Kansas and now a technical agri cultural assistant for EGA were in Britt Saturday to visit the Mullins hybrid plant from which a carload of the seed will be shipped Prof Marchi purchased 2000 tons of hybrid seed corn in the United States for 1949 planting and 2200 tons were bought for this years planting It will plant approximately a tenth of Italys corn acreage German said Boosts Yield 25 Per Dent Italy always did grow about million acres of corn and even more under the fascists before the war Prof Marchi said The Iowa hybrid dent will increase yields at least 25 per cent above what they would be with Italian seed Most of Italys corn is of the flint type because it makes better about a third of Italys production goes into corn flour or meal with the rest being used for feed as it is in this country Ger man explained Corn yields in Italy vary greatly he added because the land varies from very poor to as good as Iowas in the Po valley and some of it is irrigated Up to 150 bushels an acre are grown on irrigated land he said Repaid by ECA Italys Federation of Agricul tural CoOperatives is a very large one with more than 3000 agencies throughout the country It provides fertilizers seeds mar keting and transportation facili ties insurance and factories to handle the farmers production It even has its own steamship line and offices in foreign countries including one in Washington The federation finances the pur chase of seeds for Italys farmers and is reimbursed by ECA Ger man explained German joined the army and went overseas as an officer in a combat division After he was wounded in 1943 he was assigned to military government to help with agricultural supplies for the army and civilians Stayed in Italy When the war ended he stayed in Italy with UNRRA as head of the agricultural branch in Italy Later he was attachedto the Rome office of the food and agriculture organization of the United Na tions and a year ago transferred to ECA A bachelor he has been in Italy continuously since he went over with the army except for a visit a year ago and this flying trip with Prof Marchi They landed at Boston airport Jan 13 and will fly back at the end of this week he said The first naturalization act was passed by the first congress of the United States on March 26 1790 Drop Food to Families in S Dakota 2 Towns in 7th Day of isolation Cold Air to Coast Chicago Red Cross prepared Monday to drop food and fuel to snowbound families in South Dakota but in Illinois a farmer set up a personal haylift to provide his floodmarooned horses with feed A new surge of cold air swept to the Atlantic coast after send ing weekend temperatures to the zero mark or far below through out the midwest A flash blizzard hit the Colum bia river gorge in the Pacific northwest with winds up to 45 miles an hour Many roads were closed by the fine powdery snow and schools were closed in rural areas Ends Speed Try At Winslow Ariz 100milean hour winds and bad weather forced Speed Pilot Paul Mantz to give up an attempt to break e eastwest transcontinental flight record Planes were held ready at Pierre S Dak to fly over Mc Pherson Campbell Edmunds and Walworth counties dropping food and fuel to snowbound communi ties and ranches if necessary McPherson county towns Long Lake and HiUsview were in their 7th day of isolation Food was short at Hillsview and fuel at Long Lake Snow Plows Out Snow plows were pushing out over secondary roads however and Red Cross officials said the relief flights might not be neces sary Some families have been snowbound 3 weeks As the cold front moved to the east coast Monday it dispelled mild temperatures which sent the mercury Sunday to a record high of 62 degrees The mercury was expected to drop to freezing there by Monday afternoon Paper of Two SectionsSection No St Agains k Spread More Join Search for Lost Plane Whitehorse Y T P More men and machines were poured Monday into the search for a miss ing U S air force transport and its 44 occupants Pace of the 2nation hunt al ready ranking the history of 4WiUJ was stepped up as it entered its 4th day Reports of subzero tempera tures brought new fears for the survival of any of the planes oc cupants Below Zero Temperatures at Snag a tiny weather station 20 miles inside the Yukon territory from Alaska over which the huge transport made its last contact with the outside were 10 below zero Sunday night Even colder readings were in prospect before morning The big 4engine C54 radioed its position from Snag last Thurs day afternoon about 2 hours after leaving Anchorage Alaska on a nonstop flight to Great Falls Mont Aboard were 34 servicemen re turning on furlough or for reas signment an expectant mother and her 2 year old son and 8 crew members The search has been dubbed Hickenlooper Raps Acheson oh Hiss Burlington B B Hickenlooper asked tor investigation of subversive in dividuals and organizations within the federal government slashed at deficit spending at overlap ping retirement pension setups and at the Brannan farm plan in a talk Monday before the Rotary club here Hickenlooper said that in the light of evidence presented in the trial of Alger Hiss he believed there are a great many individuals m certain government depart ments including the state depart ment whose friendship and close association with subversive groups and foreign representatives are actually known They are being protected Hickenlooper charged by the re fusal of the president to release the information to the proper au thorities and by other devices In view of the evidence at his trial the support and approval of Hiss by Secretary of State Ache son is astounding He will be questioned further about this mat ter Mrs Roosevelt also joined the ranks of those who rushed to the defense of Hiss after his con viction It all adds up to the fact that we need a good houseclean ng Asked by a reporter if he in ended asking for such an inves igation Hickenlooper said he be ieved the foreign relations com mittee of the senate and other jroups will be interested in the associates of Hiss Operation Mike a name taken from the missing planes comman der 1st Lt Lyle E McMichel 28 whose lives in San Antonio Texas Lone Clue aerial search night officials As the long Arctic night called a temporary halt to the gigantic armada Sunday anxiously awaited word from a ground party sent to investigate a lone clue to the planes whereabouts It came from a forest rangerin an almost inaccessible spot ap proximately 40 miles to the south west The ranger said he saw a large plane overhead late Thursday then heard an earthshaking thud an explosion and saw billowing clouds of smoke Tax Program Hearing to Start on Friday Washington h a i r m a n Doughton DN Car said Mon day the house ways and means committee will start hearings Fri day on President Trumans new ax program That is a day later than origi nally planned The postponement was decided upon when Secretary of the Treasury Snyder the first vitness reported he could not ap pear until Friday Form Group to Combat Communism New York of 60 national organizations claim ing a combined membership of 50 000000 have laid the ground work for a permanent organization to combat communism in the United States The action was taken on the closing session Sunday of a 2day allAmerican conference spon sored by the American Legion The 150 delegates voted to form pa united front against a common communism The American Legions com mander George N Craig stressed the role of religion in the battle against communism and invited all loyal Americans to join the fight He named a 17member na tional steering committee to direct the anticommunist drive The conference heard Senator Karl Mundt RS Dak state Sun day that Russia now has a stock pile of atomic bombs which could knock out the United States in 90 seconds if war started Mundt urging a phalanxfor freedom movement to coordinate the anticommunist campaign de clared Thiscountry is permitting Rus sia to build up its bomb stockpiles and we are doing nothing more than mildly deploring it The delegates voted to hold a 2nd conference within 90 days to establish a permanent proAmer ican anticommunist unified and cohesive organization Harry Linn to Leave Public Office at End of This Term The value of the 342 chests of tea dumped overboard at the Bos ton Tea Party was 18000 British pounds Des Moines UR Iowa Secre tary of Agriculture Harry Linn an nounced Monday he will leave public office at the end of his term Linns announcement ended speculation that he might seek the republican nomination for gover nor in the June 5 primary Will Run That speculation however was based largely on the possibility that Gov William S Beardsley would not seek reelection Beardsley announced last week that he would run for a 2nd term The 50yearold agriculture sec retary who will finish his 4th term in the a yearoffice at the end of this year did not say what his future activities will be but he said he would leave the political field He confirmed that he has re ceived manyjob offers since be coming secretary of agriculture Seeks No Office Although his formal announce ment said only that he would not seek reelection Linn told news men he would not seek any other office Linn was assistant secretary of agriculture for 2 terms under Mark Thornburg and was first elected secretary in 1942 Before entering the state service he was field representative for the Iowa Horse and Mule Breeders associa tion He held that post for 12 years Linn was the 7th major state officeholder aside from members of the legislature and congress to announce his 1950 plans Beards ley Secretary of State Melvin Synhorst Auditor Chet Akers Commerce Commissioner B M Richardson and State Commerce Commissioner David Long have announced they will seek reelec tion Treasurer John Grimes like Linn plans to leave public office No New Coal Calls in Iowa on Weekend Des Moines of new distress calls for coal dur ing the weekend led Rodney Q Selby Iowa coal coordinator to say Monday Frankly I dont know how they are getting by At the s a me time the state board of control one of the larg est single coal users in the state said the situation seems all right for another we can get deliveries as promised Selby said there is a terrific shortage of stoker coal every where But enough Iowa lump has been provided to make up for it We have been able to put in lump to meet the real emergen cies Robert Lappen a member of the board of control said he had just finished checking with the 14 in stitutions under the boards juris diction We use mostly Iowa coal and while the deliveries are a little behind if the situation gets really tight we are confident well be taken care of HARRY LINN Acheson Urges Reversal of Korea Stand Washington ff Secretary of State Acheson told congress Mon day that to stop economic aid to Korea now would be most un fortunate He said it would affect not only that young postwar re public but all of southeast Asia It is a safe bet the secretary added that democratic south Korea can resist anything short of a major attack from the Rus siandominated northern half of the Korean peninsula Achesonoutlined American re sponsibilities in Korea at an amicable session of the house for eign affairs committee After that Chairman Kee D W Va ordered the committee into executive session for a closed door discussion of the more touchy questions of U S foreign policy throughout all of Asia This policy is now under fire from Achesons republic critics Achesons brief public testimony failed to produce anything but the mildest questioning by committee members The secretary urged reversal of the house defeat last Monday of the Korean assistance bill Speaking without notes or a pre pared statement he called for ap proval of a substitute proposal which ties Korean economic aid to extension of the China aid act of 1948 Both aid programs expire Feb 15 and would be extended until June 30 by the proposed legisla tion Miners Feel Success in Fight Near President to Take No Action Monday on intervention Washington official white house source said that President Truman absolutely will take no action in the coal dispute Monday but declined to predict beyond that The dent was represented as having made no firm decision to when he might intervene The source said that any story that at tempts to pinpoint a time of ac tion is not too good TT UlR Rebelling United Mine Workers closed the nations major coal fields Monday convinced they were winning their no contract no work strike With the miners revolt against JohnL Lewis 3day work week spreading President Truman weighed the problem of interven ing to protect the nations scant coal supplies Jubilant rankandfile leaders of the strikers declared their drive forashowdown was in the home stretch Reports from the coal fields indicated production was at the lowest point since the wildcat walkouts started 3 weeks ago In contrast to last week there was little picketing in the rebel strike districts At Pittsburgh Con solidation Coal companys Mathies mine in southwestern Pennsyl vania the local union officers stood by the pit mouth when the work whistle blew Monday morning They were the onlyminers to ap pear except maintenance men Its sure lonesome here this morning a maintenance man at the Buckeye mine near Carmi chaels Pa reported Nobody showed not even the pick CCS The Western Pennsylvania Coal Operators association reported that thenmorning check showed no major mines working Some min ers reported but went home when they learned that the word was out for a fullscale shutdown Weve got them on the run Lee Burkey president of the Max well Pa local union declared The operators are going to John L now The men think theyre heading into the home stretch and all it needs is a little more squeeze LeCompte to Seek Nomination Again Washington Karl M Le Compte RIowa announced Sunday he will seek renomina tion in Iowas June 5 GOP pri mary Le Compte 62 has been pub lisher of the Corydon TimesRe publican since 1910 He was elected congressman in 1938 from the 4th district POOL HALL BURNS Oskaloosa caused by a faulty oil burner early Monday badly damaged a pool hall here and forced about 12 persons to flee apartments on the 2nd floor of the 2story brick building FEPC Quarrel Slows Progress in House Washington A mounting ivil rights battle is threatening o stall the usually speedy legis ative machinery of the house The scrap may not be settled for everal months aid leaders fear here will be little accomplished in he meantime They recall that the enate was thrown badly off chedule by a civid rights squabble t the beginning last year The issue in the house is a fair mployment practices FEPC ill This bill to ban job discrimi nation hasnt even beendebated nd probably wont be for a while tut bitter argument about related matters has slowed the house down o a walk The latest example involves a bill to limit acreage cuts imposed on cotton growers FEPC backers have delayed action on it chiefly by timeconsuming roll calls in retaliation for southern opposition to FEPC The southerners are eager to see the cotton bill approved Since it also has administration support it probably will possibly not before late Tuesday if then The FEPC bill an important part of President Trumans civil rights program is bottled up in the house rules committee Sever al efforts to get action despite the committees opposition have failed The bills backers have called for a bipartisan drive to break the deadlock by signing a petition that would force a vote Split dem ocratic forces have filed 2 of these petitions but a great many repub licans have refrained from signing either There appears little likelihood that the necessary 218 signatures will be obtained soon If not en acted FEPC may become a live issue in this years congressional elections So far this year the house has acted on only one major bill a measure for financial aid to Korea It beat that by the slim margin of one vote but bill ii likely to be revived Norrhwood Garage Ownejr Wife Found on Way to Florida L Taylor whose Taylor Auto Co garage destroyed by fire Friday morning has at last been advised of the ill fated news Mr and Mrs Taylorleft Thurs day for a trip to Florida Since the fire Northwood citizens have been trying by police highway patrol and radio to intercept them at some point ontheir journey and notify them of their loss They were finally located at 5 p m Sunday by police at Macon Ga who recognized the car from the information which had been broadcast The Taylors started at once for home but they figured that it would take 2J days to get home on account of road conditions Cresco Man Is Killed in Fall Cresco Herold 28 Iresco was killed late Saturday when he tumbled through an un finished ceiling to the concrete floor of the Henry Quern garage Coroner Lumir J Peckosh said ie had not decided whether to hold an inquest Fatally Hurt as Car Hits Truck Colfax woman was fa tally injured and 2 other persons were hurt Sunday night when the car in which they were riding rammed the rear of a semitrailer truck Mrs Anna C Lundeen 76 of Colfax died at a Dss Moines hos pital about 4 hours after the acci dent Bert E Robbins 56 and his wife Esther 54 were hospitalized with injuries Mrs Lundeen was Mrs Robbins mother Highway Patrolmen Mel Knouse and Max Schmeling said the car driven by Robbins rammed the rear of the truck on highway 6 at the west edge of Colfax The patrolmen said Robbins told them the lights of an approaching car blinded him The truck driver James F Maples 29 of Des Moines was not hurt SAME Black IUf irkffit M Father Dies With 3 Babies in Fire Hannibal Mo UR Thomas Armstrong fulfilled his vow to save my babies or die with them Armstrong 29 shouted the vow to neighbors Sunday as he dashed into his flaming home to try to rescue his children He did not come out Firemen found Armstrongs that his 11monlh old daughter Pearl Nearby were the bodies of Barbara Ann 3 and Thomas Jr 2 Armstrongs wife said the fire started when her brother Sterling Owen threw gasoline on the stove while building a fire She and Owen ran to safety with another child Norma Jean 5 who suffered burns but was re ported in good condition at a hos pital PROGRESSIVES TO MEET Washington A Wai laces progressive party has sched uled a national convention in Chi cago Feb 2426 to map plans for the November congressional elec ;