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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 30, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 30, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME iHIST Of AND ARCHIVE THE MIWSTAKft THAT MAKES Alt NMTH IOWANS NilfiHBOKS HOME EDITION limn VOLU United rat IOWA TUESDAY JA1OJAKY tt IMS Patw CanitaU of Two tinUmi Oam NO RUSSIANS 80 MILES FROM BERLIN Yanks Reach Last Jap Line North of Manila PUSH INTO TOWN OF CALUMPIT Thin Enemy Covering Force Will Resist General Mac Arthurs Head quarters Luzon of the American 6th army swung down on the last Japanese de fense line north of Manila Tues day driving into the swamp lined Calumpit bottleneck barely 10 miles from Manila bay and 23 miles from the enslaved Philip pines capital Front dispatches indicated that only a thin Japanese covering force lay between the advancing doughboys and Manila although the difficult terrain was expected to prevent a quick march into the city Far to the north other Ameri can troops weore running into their bitterest opposition since the Luzon invasion began 22 days ago Fanning out northeast and east from their Lingayeri gull beach hebds the Americans were threat ening the entire Baguio area where the bulk of the enemys is land garrison was believed con centrated and the Japanese re acted savagely i Helnforced enemy tank and in fantry units counterattacked 3 times against the American spearheads over the weekend and vrere routed with serious losses after a touchandgo battle The Japanese tried their biggest counterblow shortly after mid roght Saturday night around San Manuel 24 miles south of Baguio GASOLINE SUPPLY LANDED ON beach atjLingayeri gulf is covered with drums of gasoline as more fuel arrives by barge from supply fleet in background to powerAmerican tanks trucks and other equipment for the southward drive of Gen Mac Arthurs forces on Luzon Island in the Philippines Elements of trie Japanese 2nd armored division spearheaded the attack striking into positions held by the U S 25th division afury that overran the Americans forward lines before halted At dawn the dougliboys rallied and counterat tacked finally wiping but the en lire enemy force and clearing the whole San Manuel area Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs com munique s a i d 789 enemy dead were counted in the area with many more todies still to be tal lied while at least 49 Japanese tanks were known to have been knocked out s The losses raised the Japanese casualties since I the start of the Luzon campaignto more than 25 000 men and 103 a third of their armor on the island and certainly a large part of their garrison American lossesin the same threeweek period to taled 4254 including 1017 killed 197 missing and 3040 wounded San Quntin 11 miles southeast of San Manuel also was taken by the Americans in a supporting thrust that carried almost 30 miles inland to the foothills of the Garaballo mountains Meanwhile the drive on Manila continuing against the feeblest opposition following the capture Monday of San Fernando 33 airline miles north of the cap ital and the starting point of Mac Arthurs retreat into Bataan three years ago Units of the 37th division pushed ahead cautiously toward Calum pit 10 miles to the south where the Candaba swamps skirt high way three and with the Pampanga river form the only defensible position left to the Japanese above Manila Filipino guerrillas were re ported to have prevented the Jap ariese from carrying out extensive demolitions in their retreat but the big Calumpit bridge spinning the Pampanga was known to have been knocked out by American bombers shortly after the Lin gaycn landing and the enemy was expected to put up a delaying ac Rqosevelt MarKs63rd Birthday resident Hoosevelt was 63 years old Tues day and his own observance of the anniversary was far over shadowed by his meeting soon with Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Josef Sta lin In sharp contrast to other years of more carefree birthdays Mr Roosevelts day was monopolized by war tasks of the highest im portance Consequently he was to take no direct public part in the nationwide observance of his birthday Tuesday night he will send a radio message to the American people through his wife who wil read it on the air This will be the presidents customary thanks to the nation for the millions con tributed annually on the occasion of his birthday to fight infantile paralysis His whereabouts were not dis closed and it was not possibleto report furtherhow the presiden was spending his birthday Completely aside from Mr Roosevelts birthday activities however signs pointing to the im minent big three meeting wer increasing almost by the hour Mr Roosevelts repeated statements o recent weeks that he planned t meet soon with Churchill and Sta lin were underlined by the ab senee from Washington of 3 of hi onference room grows stronger nth every mile that his soviet armies push into Germany Hopkins confidante information atherer and troubleshooter for lepresidenthas been in aseries f conferences in recent days alking with Churchill and Gen Charles De Gaulle the French eader in London and Paris about le forthcoming conference There vere reports that Hopkins would make similar trips to Rome and Joscow It was assumed that whatever Hopkins learned in his onferences would be reported to the president before the Big 3 meeting top advisers Harry L Hopkins War Mobilization Director Jame F Byrnes and Secretary of Stat E R Stettinius Jr Hopkins is in Europe as an ad vance man for the big three conference Byrnes can be de scribed as out of the country and Stettinins is said at the slal department to be out of town Steltinius however recently an tion along the river there MacArthurs communique re vealed however that another American northeast force 35 miles north of San Fernando had captnred Licab 11 miles west of highway five and was pushing toward that road which runs par allel to highway three into Man ila At the same time American fly ers stepped up their attacks on fortifications girdling Manila Bay In preparation for the reentry of the U S battle fleet bombing Fort Drum and the Cavite naval base MacArthur also revealed that marine dive bombers have been added to his airpower of Luzon cooperating with ground forces attacking the Japanese positions in the hill west of Clark field Take 3 Miles of Siegfried Inside Reich 3rd Army Expands River Bridgehead Into Germany Paris 78th division captured 3 miles of the Siegfried line Tuesday in a surprise attack through waist deep snow drifts in the Monschau forest 3 miles in side Germany The first army outfit struck Just north of the eliminated Belgian bulge while other troops of Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges com mand and the 3rd army moved up to the west wall defenses along 40 miles of the Ardennes front The 3rd army expanded its Our river bridgehead nearly a mile into Germany on a 2mile front Advances ranged up to 4 miles The 9th and another unidentified division participated The 78th divisions achievemen was scored in a 9 hour battle against the lightest opposition seei along the rugged forest front sine November Scratch nazi troops such as have been left to holi many parts of the western fronl crumbled and gave up on the longquiet sector The division jumped off from Simmerrath drove west to Kester nich 3 miles inside Germany and then turned south for 3 miles to eliminate a long held German sa lient of several square miles They overran two and a half miles of concrete pill boxes and dragon teeth tank barriers which formed the Siegfried line Well to the north the Ger mans were executing a fresh withdrawal from Holland toward FDR Endorses Wallace as Useful Leader New York A Wal lace his political future chal lenged by a senate threat to deny him confirmation as secretary commerce carried an endorse ment by President Roosevelt Tuesdayas a leader needed by the nation now more than ever be fore i This personal expression of con fidence was contained in a mes sage from the president which was read Monday night at a tes timonial dinner to Wallace given by the union for democratic ac tion and he New Republic mag azine A galaxy of business executives who had rallied to Wallaces cause heard the presidents message which declared that America its people and its government need Henry Wallace now more than ever before Wallace who spoke at the din ner did not mention the message In a prepared address which touched on the proposal that the Reconstruction Finance Corpora tion and other lending agencies be removed from the control of the the Russian frontBerlin said the Canadian army washeavily shell ing their lines east of the Hol Diep which courses 14 milessouth of the great Dutch port of Rotterdam The little German village of Wehcenhausen is 8 miles south of St Vith and was taken against stubborn resistance The 3rd army already was across the narrow shallow Our rvier and in the out er fringes of the Siegfried line the main works of which are 2 to 3 milys east The rugged terrain deep snow and absence of eastwest roads precluded any spectacular gains in that area Twin attacks by the American 3rd and 1st armies drew up close to or into the fringes of the Siegfried line along 40 miles of the Ardennes front where the wehrmacht was sapped danger ously thin to bolster its smash ec eastern front At 2 places the 3rd army invaded Germany anew Fairly Germans heavy were movements o spotted pulling back into the reich from the Hoi land section east of the Ijsse Meer Zuyder Zee Mosquitoes harassed and the RAF foe RUSSIANS GAIN ALL ALONG EASTERN line is approximate Russian German front with the Germans isolated in East Prussia and at Torun and Poznan 1 Germans said reds had reached outskirts of Konigsberg 2 Russians had reached the Baltic sea and were fighting at Marienberg 3 Torun was encircled 4 Moscow claims Schneidemuhl is surrounded 5 Poznan was surrounded Moscow said and Berlin added that the garrisons there and at Torun were being defended successfully 6 Berlin admitted red attacks along the Oder river from Glogau ao Cosel and 7 Moscow announced capture of Katowice and Beuthen Dr George Kissel Cresco Physician Dies at 88 Was Associated With Mayo Brothers for Many Years nounced that he had accepted the secretary of commerce Wallace Bay yoar War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy presidents invitation to go with him to the conference s European missions also have been announced for white house press secretary Stephen T Early and Judge Samuel 1 Rosenman special counsel to the president Early will study public relations in the European theater of opera tions and Rosenman will visit the liberated portions of Europe to ex amine and report to the president on supply and consumer goods needed by the governments and civilian populations The presidents 63rd birthday came at one of the most active pe riods of his life While most men on their 63rd birthdays think of leisure and retirement the presi dent was occupied solely by the titanic problems of ending the war in Europe this year and starting a permanent international peace organization In the Big 3 meeting particu larly the president faces a highly delicate situation one requiring extreme tact along with forceful diplomacy In this connection dip lomats here pointed out thai Stalins position in the tripartite said he would prefer not to have the cabinet post if therewere serious danger of a too and too man being appointed to head the RFC President Roosevelts message was his first mention of Wallace since the senate commerce com mittee rejected the former vice presidents nomination as com merce secretary by a vote of 145 However the message bore the date of Jan 17 which was 5 days before Wallace was named for the post I count on his aid his wisdom and his courage in the difficult ways to the magnificent hopes hold for a world worthy of his faith in the people and the strug gles of free people everywhere which have so splendidly justifiec that faith said the message The president said he wa grateful for Wallaces accony plishments as secretary of agri culture and later as vice presi dent German withdrawals eastwari from the threatened Ruhr in progress most of last week prac tically ceased Allied air forces swooped over lines of withdrawal and inflicted eavy damage on the railway enters of Munster 3etmund Hamm and Cologne were in the worst possi le weather The Canadian army at least 6 ivisions strong is deployed in lie extreme north of the western rant along the Maas Meuse iver and within 6 miles of Kleve erminus of the Siegfried line It has been virtually inactive since apturing Antwerp well rested and refitted Should it strike to the Ijssel VIeer it would cut off such cities Rotterdam Amsterdam The laeue Haarlem and Utrecht The Germans for several days have been talking of the immin ence of a Canadian attack and in leed of a new general offensive Snow still was falling in 11 de Bay your War Bonds am Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy feet waded icy water to their waists in crossing near Oberhaus en and Peterskirche 13 miles southwest of the Siegfried pivot of Prum Oberhausen fell The 3rd army was close to or across the German frontier all the way from Saarlautern to Ober hausen To the north Lf Gen Courtney H Hodges first army advanced nearly 2 miles early Tuesday in the darkness fighting into Mur range 15 miles northwest of Prum Opposition was relatively light the Germans were beating their way back into the Siegfried line The first took 925 prisoners Monday and expected a larger to tal Tuesday The 7th army in Alsace was snowbound for the 3rd day At the northern end of the Col mar pocket below Strasbourg the U S 3rd and 28th divisions now fight ins under French command wedged within a half mile of the northeast outskirts of Colmar The 3rd division stabbed with in about 3 miles of the Rhine and threatened to lop off a Germar salient north toward Strasbourg The French were closing arounc Cernay from 3 sides at the south end of the Colmar pocket Fifty German tanks have been de stroyed in 10 days by the French alone A dispatch from Field Marsha Montgomerys 2Ist army group headquarters said it was probabl that the German 6th panzer army mauled in Ardennes the had retreat from been moved ward the Russian front George Kessel 83 ihysician and surgeon here for lore than 50 years once asso iated with the Mayo Brothers at lochester Minn died Monday at 15 p m after 2 weeks illness rom a heart attack His death occurred at the same hour as that of his soninlaw B L Lissfelt at New York City after an illness from pneumonia Telegrams advising relatives of he deaths passed each other in ransit Dr Kessel was one of the most prominent physicians and surgeons in northern Iowa and for many years was a noted public benefactor He was born in Win neshiek county March 20 1856 He was a past vice president of the Iowa Medical Society and was a member of the American Medi cal Association and the Fellows American College of Surgeons Founder of the Kessei hospita at Cresco the first hospital in tha city he operated it from 1902 tn 1910 then gave it to the Sisters of Mercy of Dubuque They named it St Josephs Mercy hos pital in 1910 which name it still retains Dr Kessel was retained as chief surgeon Since 1925 he CONFERS WITH POPE Rome Hopkins per sonal advisor to President Roose velt had an audience with Pope Pius Tuesday 1 VV GSltllBr jree cold on the western front this j morning Despite the terrific handicapof waist deep drifts Gen Eisenhow ers front slowly waj turning to the offensive Allied air forces hurled their destructive bomb weight into the balance Monday with nearly 4000 sorties The last 10 days of road side slaughter have accounted for 5000 vehicles destroyed and 4500 damaged 250 tanks and armored vehicles ruined and approximate ly 1500 rail cars destroyed and 2000 damaged Some 1261 were disabled in the St Vith area alone Monday Added to all that destruction was the paralyzing effect of Mon days mighty air blows at 32 rail yards along key lines back from the Rhine toward the eastern front Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army broke the German Our river frontier defense at 2 places just north of Luxembourg The dough FORECAST Mason Cily Partly cloudy and continued cold Tuesday night 10 below Wednesday increas ing cloudiness and not so cold Probably light snow at night Iowa Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Contin ued cold Tuesday night and not quite so cold Wednesday after noon Minnesota Generally fair Tues day night and Wednesday Continued cold Tuesday night and not quite so cold Wednes day Not quite so cold Wednes day afternoon IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday 15 Minimum Monday minus 1 At 8 a m Tuesday 3 YEAR AGO Maximum 42 Minimum 25 has been in partnership with Dr W A Bockoven In 1913 Dr Kessel gave the ground for a park adjoining the hospital grounds known as Kes sel park In 1930 he added an other tract to the gift including a residence now known as Kes sel park lodge adjoining the park Dr Kessel was mayor of Cresco 2 years was a member of the chool board for 3 years was once resident of the library board and uring the First World war was member of the selective service ioard His wife died many years ago He is survived by the following daughters Mrs Raymond W Haas Emmetsburg Mrs Frank B Lowry wife of Rear Admiral of Cresco Mrs H L Liss New York City and Ger SHOWER REICH WITH LEAFLETS Allies Explain Goal of Unconditional Surrende Paris the eve of the widelyheralded big 3 conference the allies have begun showering erman lines with leaflets ex plaining the unconditional sur render goal announced at Casa blanca it was disclosed Tuesday Unconditional surrender t h pamphlets declare would no mean that Germans who surren der would be at the mercy of th victorious side On the contrary they would be under the protec tion of the Geneva convention an would be treated with fairness The pamphlets one of the firs direct attempts by allied prop gandists in recent months to driv a wedge between the Germ a people and their rulers also sa It is the wish of the allies give the German people the poi sibility lor normal peaceful cl velopment as members of the Eu opean family of nations The announcement said ind vidual Germans who had nothii to do with the crimes committi by war criminals will not tal en to account for those crimes That allied airmen have been scattering the leatlets in Germany as announced shortly after the sclosure that Harry L Hopkins ad visited London and Paris and one on to Rome on a factfinding jission for President Roosevelt reparatory to the big 3 confer nce Use of the leaflets bolstered a elief in some quarters that the resident Prime Minister Church and Premier Marshal Stalin 1 Reds Launch Attack On 42 Mile Line Report Forces Within 85 to 90 Miles of Capital By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS i Gregory Zhu kov in a sharp new surge toward s the Oder has driven ahead 12 miles into Brandenburg province and about 80 miles from Berlin the German radio reported Tues day Moscow dispatches said soviet armored spearheads were forging ahead in a huge 3pronged assault which threatened to cut off the nazi capital if a frontal attack failed Lt Col Alfred von Olbcrg a Berlin military commentator said i Zhukov had smashed across the Obra river to the Zullichau hweibusMeseritz line German border troops bitterly igaged the enemy in heavy bat es everywhere but have not been Ie to prevent his crossing frozen vers said von Olberg A German broadcast declared e Russians had launced a heavy rmored offensive on a 42mile ont inside the border of eastern erinany ou a beeline1 for Berlin nd that the first onslaught airied appreciable ground The broadcast said the first ob ective was the communications enter of Kustrin on the Oder and Varthe rivers 42 miles from Her n A direct Moscow dispatch said tussian columns punched five to Ight miles inside Brandenburg irovince due east of Berlin and 5 to 20 miles inside Pomerania n striking northeastot tbi GermarihearKcity Southbf these blowsby Marshal Gregory Zhukovs first White lussiari army group tanks and in cantry of the first Ukranian army vere striking westward from bridgeheads flung over the Oder Ivor in Silesia The Pomeranian and Silesian offensives threatened a great pin oers from north and south on Ber l might produce a joint immediate nrrender call to Germany at their meeting There was no indicationin Paris where the big 3 conferees might meet but there was frequent spec lation that the president might isit Paris eli rnde at home Funeral arrangements were not completed Tuesday morning Hitler Decorates Kirchner for Defensive Fight at Budapest London German ra dio announced Tuesday that Gen Frederich Kirchner commande of a panzer corps had been awarded oak leaves with sword to his knights insignia of the iro cross by Hitler for his successfu manner of conducting the defcn sive fight in Budapest A similar award was give Gen Frederick Paulus shortly be fore he surrendered at Stalingrac in in addition to Zhukovs offen sive beating in from the east in Brandenburg said Associted Press Correspondent Eddy Gllmore in Moscow Tuesdays German communique declared Zhukov was attacking heavily in the Obra river sector due east of Berlin and said the Soviets had made further gains to Lhe north around encircled Schneidemuhl The bulletin said counterat tacks in Lower Silesia had broken through to the Russiansurrounded garrison in Steinau on the Oders west bank 32 miles northwest of Breslau In East Prussia it added Ger mans fighting westward trying to break out from a Russian pocket reached the Elbing bridgehead after a 19 mile gain German naval forces were thrown into the defense of Konigsberg East Prus capital and helped stem so viet attacks the Berlin commu nique said Moscow dispatches said the ermans were counterattacking uriously trying to cover an evac ation from Elbing in East Prus a Soviet forces sank 3 German riiisports Monday Zhukovs northern a r m bit eeper despite blinding snow after oppling Driesen and Woldenburg 3 miles northeast of Berlin and 7 miles from the Baltic port of itettin This campaign threat ned to cut off northeastern Ger many as well as pull around on Berlin the north Armored columns and mobile nfantry hitting toward Berlin rom due east carried the most Washington Post Says Roosevelts Sister Arranged Dog Shipment Washington Post said Tuesday that Col Elliott Roose velts sister Mrs Anna Boetting er arranged for his dog blaze to je flown to California in an army cargo plane The dogs flight on an A pri ority is being investigated by a senate military because 3 servicemen were pu off the plane at Memphis Tcnn The newspaper said it hai learned from an informed sourc that the presidents daughter who lives at the white house called Col R W Ireland of In air transport command The lat ter the Post account continue made the necessary space avail able and it was understood then ordered the dog dispatche on his own authority langerous menace Gilmore said The Russians expect a main Ger man stand at the Oder river in the Frankfurt sector he added and are pushing ahead eager fora showdown battle Some of Zhukovs southern orces are striking toward the Oder in the Glogau region on the lank of Marsha Ivan Konevs 1st Ukrainian army Moscow re mained silent on developments on Koncvs front Front dispatches said soviet troops in Germany had painted slogans On to Berlin and Ber lin This Way on their tanks trucks and gun carriers The push into Pomerania had carried 13 miles on a 30 mile front by Monday night In Berlin nazi leaders implored Germans to rise and save the cap ital LUCKY BREAK Los Angeles P An auto swerving to avoid a collision look out 2 walls of a crowded bar wrecked an awning plate glass window and juke box and crashed into the only unoccupied booth ;