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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 30, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES MOINES 1A VOL XLVIII THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL KORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS wmES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 30 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE ONE Js Q 96 SIEGE OF SINGAPORE UNDER WAY HITLER U War Makes Us Free to A cf JAPANS FORCES Admits I Do Not Know If War Will End During 1942 Nazi Leader Claims German Front in Red Territory Stabilized BERLIN From German Broad Hitler in ihe first speech since his declaration of war against the United States told his people Friday that Americas war with Japan made us free to act and now we shall see what our TJboats may achieve He declared that I do not know whether the war will end this year but said we are armed against everything from the north to the south Hitler declared that on the eastern front the armies of the reich were on the defensive against the the Rus sians and claimed that the front there had finally been stabilized Hitler finished speaking nt p m a m Central Stand ard Time He said of the Russian war thus far that in the cast we fought a struggle which one day will be the glory of our nation Cheers greeted his statement that in north Africa Field Mar shal Gen Erwin Rommel turned around the moment that our enemies thought he was beaten and drove the Brit ish before him The most difficult part is be hind he asserted He declared that winter had been the great hope of Germanys enemies rinthe east but thatthjs south andthe ice will melt he said the wUl come when the ground will be hard and firm when our armies will storm ahead again Then he said would come the revenge of those who have now become the victims of frost Although he said he did not know whether the war would end in 1942 Hitler declared he was confident however that where we meet the enemy we will beat him At one juncture he shouted We shall see who wins this who have nothing to lose and everything to gain those who have everything to lose and nothing to gain He told his audience of axis representatives party leaders and of them wounded Germanys number of sub marines had been increased great ly and that their activities would make themselves felt as a factor in the war He concluded his one hour 53 minute speech with an appeal to the German nation to produce arms and munitions for the battlefront to ensure that this will be another year of great victories Hitler assailed President Roosevelt and Prime Churchill and declared that excepting his axis partners Germany is fighting a new world war against her same old foes Most of the address was a re iteration ol Hitlers long standing arguments that Germany was persecuted He said that even in the last war Prime Minister Churchill was the English warmongers and that President Roosevelt was the right hand of Woodrow Wil son whom he described as the man who caused the greatest harm to the German people Only Ctnircliillian impu dence accounts for his state ment that England never was in a position to carry on war with Germany and Italy by her own resources Hitler said But the same man gave prom ises to the whole ivorld from the Baltic stales to the Bal kans He is right They never were in aposition to fight us on their Therefore they rallied a co alition of worldwide dimensions Once he took direct cognizance of the many wounded in tlie hall and referred to them as my dear wounded comrades At one point Hitler announced expansively that even if this war had not come I would have been spoken of as the creator of tte greatest peaceful works and as President Roose velt will be spoken of as the creator of the greatest empire Hitler declared Englands aim had been to maintain the bal ance of power in Europe and drclarcd they wanted a Europe divided against itself Saying the British had con ductcd what they said was a war against war because they wanted liberate Germany from mili tarism the fuehrer asserted If they had really meant it they should have given up the fruits of their own wars They did not want any change in society They said that those who were born poor should remain poor and those born rich should remain rich We national socialists however say that life cannot be sterilized It is the essence of life that again and again the fittest will survive and what is ripe for death should not be preserved Hitler said that when the last war was over the conditions for war were not removed nor were the instruments of war abolished Hitler said the present conflict was properly called a second World war That means he said that this war is identified with the other war in which I myself took part as a private This is true not only because tlie war engulfs the whole globe but also because it is being fougiit for the same purposes The forces which caused the first World war are responsible for the present war also Those forces are trying again to attain the same goals which they sought to achieve in the last war I am proud to say that the only countries which are an exception to this rule are today our allies Italy Japan and the others In the first World war Hitler said the Germans fought glori British were al nit ulcvcljllr iluuj traitors in Germany brolje the German might A yearago Friday Hitler de clared that American help would be of no avail to Britain I can only say have cal culated every possibility he said There will be victory within the year That was the speech in which he said that every ship with or without convoy that comes with in range of our torpedo tubes will be torpedoed A year earlier he accused Great Britain and France of wanting war and stated Theyll get their fight At that time speaking of Ger manys agreement with the soviet union he said I believethe Al mighty God will be satisfied that a senselessconflict in one area was averted Through centuries Ger many and Russia were friends why not now GERMANY GETS FOOD FROM U S Cargoes Destined for French Relief Said to Wind Up in Germany WASHINGTON ol ihe American food shipped to France from this country on the assumption that it would be given to American relief organizations for distribution has found its way into Germany it was learned on high authority Friday One particular cargo of Ameri can food was loaded on a train at Marseilles and started into unoc cupied France but kept on going into Germany it was learned This case was not isolated it was said but most of the other similar cases have involved small er shipments of food and clothing Meantime President Roosevelt told a press conference today that citizens of this country should continue to send warm clothing and necessary food to foreign countries wherever possible as part of a common war effort Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Colder with occa sional very light snow Friday afternoon and Friday night IN MASON CITY weather statistics AIaxi urn Thursday 38 Mini aim in night 30 At 8 a m Friday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 26 Minimum 19 Buy your defense savinss stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy or at the GG business office FIGHT AGAINST INFLATION NOT WON F R SAYS Signs Price Control Bill Doubts Wisdom of Sections of Measure WASHINGTON Roosevelt in signing the price con trol bill Friday declared in a formal statement that it does not mean that the battle against in flation has been won and ex pressed doubt as to the wisdom and adequacy of certain sections Amendments may become ne cessary later on he added Earlier at a press conference he praised all sections except those relating to farm prices saying the provision permitting farm prices to rise lo 110 per cent of parity before ceilings could be applied was not so good and tended lo raise the cost of living In his formal statement the president declared that price con trol legislation alone cannot successfully combat inflation To do that he asserted an adequate tax and fiscal program a broad savings program a sound production program and an ef fective priorities and rationin program are all needed Finally alt bulwarks against inflation must fail unless all of us the businessman the work er the fanner and the con to make last analysis as Woo son said the best form of ef ficiency is the spontaneous co operation of a free people Mr Roosevelt described the new act as an important weapon in our armory against the onslaught of the axis powers The total effort needed for vic tory he added meant increasing sacrifices as an ever larger por tion of goods and labor is de voted to producing ships tanks planes and guns and said Effective price control will insure that these sacrifices are equitably distributed He discussed the legislation at length in his press conference For eight years he said the ad ministration has sought to work toward parity prices for farmers and the bill he added represents a very definite violation of that objective The measure with the farm provisions he said provides a threat to the cost of living Nevertheless he said the bill Is certainly worth having and is the best that could be ob tained at this time The chief executive asserted that undoubtedly the toes of a great many people must be stepped on in administering it He said he hoped that the ad ministration of the bill would be vigorous and suggested that later on gaps in the legislation could be filled in and if necessary amend ments requested If need be he said congress will be asked to correct the 110 per cent of parity sections Leon Henderson the price ad ministrator sat behind the presi dent and when Mr Roosevelt was asked who would be appointed administrator under the bill he tossed his head at Henderson and replied in Latin eccc homa or this man Few farm pro cts have reached price ceilings of 110 per cent of parity authorized by law An agri culture department report on prices received by farmers in mid January indicated that only rice beef cattle veal calves wool and peanuts and soybeans for vege table oil production had readied the minimum ceiling level The approximate minimum ceil ings and the Jan 15 farm prices respectively of principal com modities included Cotton 2147 and 1693 cents a pound cotton seed and a ton wheat S142 and SI06 a bushel corn S103 and 727 cents a bushel oats 64 and 50 cents a bushel barley 994 and 608 cents a bushel rice S1439 and a bushel rye and 65 cents a bushel flax seed S271 and S195 a bushel potatoes Si24 and 976 cents a bushel sweet potatoes S141 and 93 cents a bushel Hay S1906 and a ton apples and SI16 a bushel hogs S1159 and S1055 per hundred pounds beef cattle S938 and S077 per hundred pounds veal calves S1122 and S1214 per hundred pounds lambs and S1030 per hundred pounds butler fall U S Leader in War Reaches ThreeScore Mark in Life As UireemonthoHl infant with mother years old Prep school student with father and mother World War secretary of the navy for vice of Kew jresldenr York leader of the nation for the longest time in the hislorv of the United States President Franklin D Roosevelt Friday reached his but little time to pause for celebration as he directs the united efforts of his fellow citizens in the war to obliterate the axis When lie assumed the presidency March 4 1933 President Roosevelt faced a different kind of crisis threatened fi nancial collapse of the country That threat was averted but a greater one was rising at the same time in Europe Adolf Hitler who was just then coming into power as of a na tion at war oath for firsV term as president fuehrer of the German nation From thai date in 1933 relations between nazidom and the great American de mocracy grew more strained with President Roosevelt warning more than once of the danger to the world that was flexing its muscles in Germany Now as the president works in tlie first year of his third term he is leading the American people in war against the ruler of Europes sub jugated millions who would like to extend his swav to the world 445 ami 3G3 cents a 327 and 313 cents a 371 and 372 cents a beans and a bushet peanuts Spanish type for oil 577 and a ton chickens 21 and 17 cents a pound Office of price administration officials said nothing sweeping or radical in the way of new price ceilings need be expected immediately The effect on the consumer will be negligible for the time being they said except insofar as the neiv enforcement powers vested in Price Administrator Leon Hender son may have the psychological effect of dissuading producers and dealers from edging prices up IVo new food price ceilings nre imminent no spurt of price fixing activity is contemplated and no wholesale dive into the re tail price field need bo looked for Henderson aides asserted For he time being the prin cipal job of OPA executives will be that of converting the exist ing price 78 commodities mostly raw ma are enforced by what Henderson calls jawbone authority into full dress price regulations enforceable by taw As new commodities get out of line and are brought under price control the levels will be set as closely as possible lo those desig nated as basic bv congress Henderson lias repeatedly em phasized that control will continue to be exercised on a piecemeal or commoditybycommodity basis instead of by the imposition of blanket ceilings over large groups of commodities About 100 voluntary agreements between industry representatives and the OPA to hold prices in check will not be transformed into price regulations as long as they serve to curb inflationary tenden cies So far retail price ceilings have been few They were imposed on new automobile tires and tubes because of the rubber crisis and upon flashlights because ofsoar ing Pacific coast blackout de mands In the main OPA has de pended and will continue to de pend on factory or wholesale level price ceilings to stabilize retail prices DIES FROM LNMUrtlES OTTUMWA Low as St Paul Minn died Thursday night from injuries suffered in an automobile accident near here last week New Wave of Attacks by UBoats WASHINGTON F A new tyave of Uboat attacks on Atlan tic coast shipping was considered likely Friday despite the in creasing effectiveness of Ameri can counter measures which al ready have sunk or damaged at least 20 axis submarines The navy warned that ene my submarines continue lo op erate off the cast coast of the United Slatrs and are reported as far south as Florida but no new coastal attacks have been announced since the sink ing of the Francis E Powell was disclosed on Wednesday German tactics in past sub marine campaigns have been to maintain attacks in chosen areas by keeping up a constant flow of replacements Following the same system in the present warfare Uboats fresh from Germany would nowbe replacing those which made the first attacks on coastal shipping in the week of Jan 12 and whose torpedoes or fuel would have been expended There was speculation that the Germans might try to keep more than a score of Uboats off the Atlantic coast in an attempt to force the navy to divert warships from the North Atlantic convoy route to meet he new menace The navy added another sub marine lo the toll of those previ ously reported sunk by making public the report of a pettyoffi cer plane pilot Sighted sub sank same said the report Impressed by the pungency of the message offi cials relaxed the rule secrecy on antisubmarine successes ana grave it to the country They furnished no details Five Japanese submarines have been reported sunk in the Pa cific and Secretary Knox dis closed on Dec 21 that at least 14 axis submarines had been sunk or damaged in the Atlantic The only official statement on counteraction against the current Atlantic raids which have cost the allies 14 merchant ships was that some of the axis submarines would not relurn home bble Active Lester C Dibble local attor ney was called into active serv ice Friday as a captain in the ordnance department and sta tioned al the Aberdeen Hd proving grounds IIC previous ly had been a captain in the ordnance reserve Captain Dib ble was a member of the A E F in Siberia after the first world war as a sergeant of the guard which escorted a train load of Red Cross supplies from Vladivostok Pacific seaport to the Ural mountains and on the return trip guarded 400 refu gee children He has been serv ing as appeal agent of Ccrro Gordo county draft board No BULLETIN NEW YORK and perhaps four axis submarines were sighted Friday close lo the New Jersey coast the third naval district headquarters an nounced The announcement followed upon a naval warning to all ship and shore stations of the loca tions where the submarines mijrht be found The areas Riven meant the undersea raiders were within of Atlantic City and Cape May N 1 One position placed a Uboat at 3S miles cast of Cape May another about 20 miles off Atlantic City F R OBSERVES GOTH BIRTHDAY Chief Executive in Fine Physical and Mental Condition By DOUGLAS B CORNELL WASHINGTON Roosevelt is BO years old Friday and in some respects lie act it At a lime of life when man men of his means would luivl turned to a comfortable retire ment he is working harder that ever Since war broke out Dec 7 he has scarcely been out of Hit while he relishes travel His personal physician Rear Admiral Koss T Mclntirc says that the chief executive is in fine physical and mental fettle for a man of 60 Aside from the deepening of the lines in his face and the RrayinK ami thin ning of his hair almost nine years in the while house have louchcd him relatively lightly in more than 12000 parties and dances Friday night all over the nation America will celebrate the birthday of the most famous person to overcome the handicap ol infantile paralysis Proceeds of the bails will be spent to other victims of the dread dis ease fn the national capital a gal axy of Hollywood stars helped celebrate Mr Roosevelts anni versary They were invited to a white house luncheon at noon a dinner and reception Friday night and then were scheduled to make the round of parties and dances along with Mrs Franklin D Roosevelt The president will speak during an hourlong radio program to be carried by all four beginning at Otherwise it was work as usual for the president on his birthday just as it has been every day since the attack on Pearl Harbor SMOTHERED TO DEATH WATERLOO Allen infant son of Mr and Mrj Ernest Applcby who live near here mothered to death in hi ciiti Thursday Coroner Sidney Smith reported 18 MILES FROM BRITISH ISLAND Red Army Drives on in Ukraine Threaten Axis Lines in Crimea By JOE ALEX MORRIS United 1ress Foreign Editor Japans armies met strong allied esistance almost within artillery inge of Singapore island and in he Philippines Friday but Adolf litler acknowledged in Berlin that ic no longer knew when the war would end Dispatches from the Russian fighting front provided a hack ground for Hitlers speech toy reporting that the red army driving forward in the Ukraine had taken Lozovaya less than 70 miles from the big bend of tlie Dnieper and was threaten ing to cut tlie axis communica tions lines to the sea of Azov front and the Crimea News from other fronfs how ever still was unfavorable from the allied viewpoint In Libya the Germans hclrl Bengasi and a line 16 miles to the cutting off some British forces in thecity In the Philippines the Amer ican and Filipino forces under Gen Douglas MacArlhur were preparing for new onslaughts by reinforced Japanese In Malaya the Japanese had hammered to within 18 miles of Singapore island where the Brit ish imperials were fighting lo keep them beyond artillery range of the naval base vBfiiijhvimnerials f 1 e h t i ag furiously and inflicting heivy casualties on he enemy were holdinglines in lite Kulai sector on the central front north of the causeway that runs from Johore Baliru to the naval base and near the Funtian Bcsar river on the west coast of Malaya But the enemy had forced a path down the peninsula by throwing increasingly superior numbers against the Australians and other defense units until they were at a point where modern longrange guns could easily bom bard the straits and the north shore of Singapore island The Japanese field artillery however was not able to fire as far as ihe straits and the imperials were fighting to hold their present de fense lines in order to prevent enemy bombardment of the island Japanese airplanes however were attacking British positions and the naval base area where they claimed to have done much damage and were attempting to enforce a siege of the waterways which still are open lo the British and across which reinforcements can move A British communique noted increasing enemy air at tacks in the last 24 hours and dicatcd that the city as well as military positions was heavily raided The north shore of Singapore island has been stripped for ac tion by evacuation of civilians and the British were expected o defend Johore Bahru lo the last before blowing up he causeway leading across a mile wide walcr gap from the main la nil The most encouraging allied re port from the southwestern Pa cific came from the Dutch who reported that lots and lots of American air reinforcements were arriving in the East Indies and that Netherlands troops w ere fighting strongly on tour land fronts ngninsl the enemy The Dutch said that they were Keeping up their toll of one enemy ship n day and now had sunk 54 enemy craft since the war starl ed including a large percentage of he Japanese armada that was attacked by Netherlands and American forces in the battle of Macassar straits The Macassar battle resulted in new Japanese landings on bases that are stepping stones toward the united nations headquarters at Java the important Netherlands tin including Bangka and Singapore But the enemy fleel estimated as high as 100 vessels carrying 150000 men in a British dispatch was severely battered The exact toll of Japanese ships lias not yet been estab lished American planes and naval units got 16 and the Dutch officially reported a total of 31 sunk or damaged including those attacked by the Ameri cans This total Includes dupli cations because some cnemv ships were allackcd a number of times it was coinled out in Balavia hut al the same timP it was believed thai continuing by allied forces ;