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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 29, 1957, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for the ON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI N I W S r A P I R THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS N I I C H i O R V HOME VOL LXIII Associated Preis and United Press Full Seven Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JANUARY 27 1957 This Paper Consuls of Two The World Around Us i The That Was Burmas Number 62 EDITORS is of i series of daily reports by our editor on a trip by air around ihe world How people live and how they feel toward America are more em phasized by Mr Hall than scenic features By W EARL HALL glory that WAS rather exceeds the glory that IS in this and a num ber of other countries Ive visited thus far on my globegirdling trip by air Incidentally the half way point of the circumnaviga tion is to be reached later to day when we move on to Cal cutta At a mid way point well be miles distant from Mason City by ahand 12 hours apart in W Earl Hall What leads me to the foregoing observation concerning past and present glory is the lofty goldendomed pagodas here and the temples of similar magnitude and flam boyance in Bangkok a day or so ago They are of a bygone day None is being built today If and when they crumble into dust they are not going to be replaced Built by Slaves Edifices like the 326foot tall Schwe Dagon Pagoda which looks down on Rangoon are products of absolutisms not governments of free men They were built by slaves at the order of religious potentates exercising unlimited power Rangoon and its environs have as many as dozen immense This isnt to say whether they are good or bad Quite possibly they are the only things of true tauty ever to come into the es of the thousands who did actual work of building the shrines Without them these poor souls might have lived out their lives without even one glimpse of glory How much practical use of these pagodas rank and file citi sens of Burma get I havent been able to learn They are of a TibetMongol stock and their an cestors picked up their religion through exposure to nearby India Its a combination of Buddhism and the gentle Hinduism which enjoins its followers Dont kil anything Littfe Starch The traditional dress of Bur mese men is a skirtlike lowei garment called a longyi anc 3 vestlike upper garment called Moslems in fewer numbers wear fezzas Sikhs from the Punjab far to the still fewer in number sport white turbans These las were about the only fat people I saw in either Burma or Thai land One Buddhist explained i this way We eat rice Sikhs eat wheat Wheat is rich in starch rice Rangoon has upwards of 2C daily newspapers none of them very distinguished in format or content Best of them The Na bears this quotation at th head of its editorial masthead Let me make the newspaper of a country and I do not car who makes the Jefferson Huge Campus Rangoon University with an expansive campus and building more modernly bizarre than any Ive ever seen on a college cam pus is the largest institution o higher education in all of South eastern Asia Plagued by an unstable cur rency the Burmese governmen is on a constant crusade to pre vent a black market barterin of its money The kyat pro nounced chat is supposed to b worth 20 cents of American money But under the counter i can be bought for as little as 1 for a dollar Somebody gets rooping under conditions like tha and that somebody is the nativ Burmese without access to a black market What lies ahead for this Httl nation which history too ofter has made a corridor for march ing armies I make no pretense o prophesying But what Ive seer in my all too brief visit here thi week is going to make me most interested observer of de vtlopments AP Wirephoto FIRED Charles Edmundson U S Information Agency offi cer at Seoul Korea reads a news story of his dismissal aft er he publicly denounced Pres ident Eisenhowers MiddleEast proposal as a blank check for oneman He was fired with this terse announcement from the government The public statement by Charles Edmundson is in violation of agency personnel regulations His resignation is being re quested and he is being recalled to ON OVERTIME Railroadmen Still Trapped by Snowdrifts ALAMOSA Colo ing pay at overtime rates 23 railroaders waited Tuesday in a tiny station atop Cumbres Pass for a relief train to plow out 20foot snowdrifts that have strandedthem since Saturday The station is amply stocked with food and fuel Denver Rio Grande Western Railroad officials said and are receiving tiriie5aivd onehalf pay for all eight Saturday morning The 23 were aboard a two engine work train sent to clear snow from the riariow gauge branch line along the Colorado New Mexico border The train stalled near the summit of the pass A relief snowplow chugged up the pass from Cliama Monday to release another stalled work train with 12 men aboard The rescue train returned to Chama after failing to break through a snowslide clogged with rocks and trees a mile west of the summit Erfgel Resigns State Position DES MOINES Engel Davenport resigned T u e s day from the threemember Iowa Em ployment Security Commission He is a Democrat Engel submitted his resigna tion to Gov Herschel Loveless and said he wished it to be ef fective Feb 1 In his letter o resignation Engel said the pres sure of concerns in other direc tions made it advisable for hinr to leave his commission post Engel said he would serve unti the governor could replace him He told newsmen an expansion o his retail drug business in Daven port and other business interest require him to give up his stat post A GLORY THAT WAS This pagoda Shwe Dagon and its satellites in the foreground are dealt with by the GlobeGa zeltes editor in the accom panying column under a Ran goon Burma dateline There is no likelihood that it will ever be duplicated under a free economy Mr Hall observes White Jts Support to Idea 9 Foreign Policy Review OKd Wilson Stands Ground WASHINGTON Uf Secretary f Defense Wilson said Tuesday le sees no reason why he should apologize for his assertion that a sort of scandal a draft odging business developed in National Guard enelistments dur ing the Korean War Talking with newsmen at the White House after a conference vith President Eisenhower Wil on refused to back down on his tatement of Monday In effect ic repeated the charge In reply to a question Wilson aid he did not discuss the matter the President No Prior Warning Wilson said he has been told that more than 80 per cent of the National Guard today has had no prior military He added That means the National uard is not a welltrained out it that that could be depended Wilson said his whole purpose s to see that a reasonable per centage of the guard is well trained We are spending a good many hundreds of millions of dollars on the he said If it cant be depended upon the expense isnt Told Tuesday there had been re sentment of his remarks Wilson said Jittfe ough language but that is exact y what it amounted Called Lie Maj Gen EUard A Walsh called the statement a damn Walsh presidentof the Na ionai Guard told newsmen that many guard units had served valiantly in Korea and that not one of these young men was a draft dodger since none was old enough for the draft when he en listed Rep Charles E Bennett D a member of the committee said he thinks the episode will help the guard in its fight against a Pentagon order that all new Army guardsmen must take six months active duty training The uard fearing that its recruiting will fall away wants instead to rain its men in shorter periods hat can fit into school vacations Bennett said Wilsons remark should clarify the issue because it reveals a misunderstanding deep in the Department of De fense as to the ability of the Na tional Guard to handle part of this raining in its own fact it shows a deep misunder standing of guard accomplish ments in the The guard issue has already been set for study by an Armed Services Subcommittee next week Wilsons Charge Rapped by Tandy DES MOINES UP Defense Secretary Charles Wilson didnt know what he was talking about when he said the National Guard amounted to a draft dodging bus iness during the Korean War Maj Gen Fred Tandy said Tuesday Tandy Iowas adjutant general said close to Iowa guards men served in the Korean War Its a shame to treat men who served their country both in war and peace in that Tan dy said in reference to Wilsons remark Monday Inquiry to Cover British U S Defense Chiefs Continue Talks WASHINGTON UP British and American defense chief opened a second round of talk Tuesday on ways to hasten the British trend toward chiefly rely ing on airnuclear power and cut British military spending Defense Minister Duncan Sandys went into a daylong con ference with Secretary of Defense Charles E Wilson to continue the talks that began here Monday LODGE GREETS KING Saud of Saudi Arabia center is greeted by Henry Cabot Lodge ambassador to the as Saud arrived at New AP York enroute to Washington for talks with President Eisenhower The man at right is part of Sauds official party of 71 persons Saud Receives AllOut Welcome on Arrival for Parley With Ike Gets State Personnel Job DBS MQINES Weddle Knoxville real estate broker Tuesday was named by Gov Her schel Loveless to the position of state personnel director effective Feb 1 Weddle a Democrat succeeds George Marchi Fort Dodge an appointee of former Goy Leo Hoegh who was fired by Loveless shortly after the governor took office Loveless said Weddles salary to start would be Marchi was receiving Weddle is 48yearsold is mar and has two children He has been a real estate broker at Knox ville for 13 years Previously he was clerk of the District Court and deputy clerk of Marion Iowa for more than eight years He also served one term as mayor of Knoxville The Iowa Governmental Reor ganization Study Committee has introduced a bill in the Senate recommending that the personnel director be placed under the State Executive Council rather than the governor The Senate Committee on Gov ernmental Affairs Tuesday sent the bill placing the personnel di rector under the Executive Coun cil out to the Senate floor but with an amendment which would abolish the office entirely OUTLAY WASHINGTON has voted The House for the Com mittee on UnAmerican Activities for the coming year rAll About The Weather Mason City Fair and cold Tues day night low 1520 below Generally fair and not quite so cold Wednesday high 10 above Jowa Fair and quite cold Tues111W WIllilII ocu day night low 515 below WedGrimstead RLake nesday fair not quite so cold cold southeast half and increas ing cloudiness GlobeGazette weather date up to 8 a m Tuesday Maximum Monday 22 Minimum Monday night 5 At 8 a m Tuesday 5 Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 3A snow 35 1 DES MOtNES suspense gripped this city of Tuesday afternoon when a student pilot commandeered a plane and made his first solo flight by buzzing the downtown Loop at rooftop level Office workers shuttled from window to window as the reds singleengine plane roared and circled amid the buildings at levels so low thaf he frequently disappeared from sight behind them Jim Oofezal a flying instructor for the American Aviation told police that Roy Soderquist about 22 forced him from the plane at gunpoint just as the two were preparing to go aloft for a lesson After several early passes in the downtown area one of which was lower than the tower of the big Equitable Building Soderquist flew to the northwest edge of the city where he buzzed the Pitts burghDes Moines Steel Co planh He was reported to be em ployed as a clerk there He then returned to the loop area The plane was taken shortly after noon and Dolezal estimated it had perhaps three hours supply of gasoline Oolezal said the student flier had received about 15 hours of dual instruction 1 let him know a couple of days ago that he wouldnt solo too soon as he had been somewhat slow in Dolezal said I guess that perturbed But New York City Ignores His Presence NEW YORK Sand of Saudi Arabia arrived Tuesday for a state visit with President Eisenhower He was greeted with the full pomp of the U S Navy and diplomatic corps and a cold shoulder York Speaking softly in Arabic on the pier to which he stepped from a destroyer Saud said he was very hopefu that my visit and discussions will produce a strengthening and reinforcement of the relations between our two Legislators Work on More Key Legislation PROM OUR WIRE SERVICES DES bore the brunt of the work load as the Iowa Legislature went into its 10th work day Tuesday Much key legislation was expected to be introduced as commit tee bills to give it more weight on the floor The Senate Roads and Highways Committee worked on a bill to retain a twocent gas tax increase voted by the last two Legisla tures Another bill being studied by the same committee would ex clude farmers from paying sales tax on gas used in Death of a friend in highway accident has prompted Sen Wil liam H Harbor RHenderson to seek legislative passage of a law for the Middle East and all man Kings Son The kings 6 year old to require safety belts as stand ard auto equipment The bill which would extend the right of recall to all forms of city government in Iowa ran into stiff opposition and failed to get out of committee The measure which had been on the Senate floor once but was put back into committee to cor rect received criticism during a meeting of the Cities and Towns and the Election Re forms committees Although the bill was sent back to the Election Reforms Committee Sen Jacob com mittee chairman invited the Minnesota Fair continued very Citiesu Committee hou members to sit in on the meet ing Most of the criticism came from the latter committee Grimstead who coauthored the bill also received an unfriend ly amendment from Sen D C Nolan RIowa Nolans amendment would make it neces sary to have a verified certifi Des Moines Fire Takes 3rd Victim DES MOINES UP Oscar Brody 60 died in a hospital Mon day night of burns suffered in a fire which swept through a skid row hotel here Sunday night He was the third victim of he fire at the Nelson House David E Duckett 67 and Ira W Shea ley 55 were burned to death in the fire New Ordinance Would Affect Key Clubs DES MOINES City Council Monday gave preliminary approval to an ordinance which would close key clubs at the same time taverns selling beer must close cale of reasons for the recall election rather than just a list as called for in Grimsteads bill 195451 WASHINGTON WtThe Senate Foreign relations and Armed Services committees voted un animously Tuesday to conduct a complete review of U S foreign policy in the Middle East over the last 11 years The vote was 300 Senate GOP Leader Knowland Calif and Sen Wiley ranking Republican member of he Senate Foreign Relations Committee said the White House and Stale Department had no ob jection to the inquiry The action apparently cleared the way for ultimate Senate adop tion of a resolution giving Presi dent Eisenhower authority to U S forces to combat any Com munist aggression in the Middle East The Eisenhower resolution would also authorize 200 million dollars of aid to Middle East na tions Debate Begun The vote by the Senatecom mittees came as the House be gan debate on the Eisenhower program with prospects of its ap proval in that body Wednesday Republican Leader M a r t i n Mass said he thought there was a chance in fact of a House vote Tuesday ACter the vote by the Senate committees Sen Green DRI read a letter from Secretary of State Dulles received while the roll call was under way setting up certain conditions under wnicft confidential documents would be made available to the senators Green is chairman of the For eign Relations Committee Breach Confidence Dulles wrote that it was his from the city of New son Prince Manshur carried in the arms of one of the Saudi Arabian party appeared delighted with the welcoming bands and pano ply He raised his left hand sol emnly in salute each time he saw a camera pointed at him Saud and 16 of his party or 65 were piped off the liner Constitu tion in the lower bay on to a Coast Guard cutter which deliv ered them to the destroyer Willis A Lee A Marine band played aboard the destroyer the green and white Saudi Arabian flag bearing crossed scimitars was run up and a flotilla of eight destroyers their crews smartly at attention along the rails passed in review Greeted by Lodge Saud stepped from the de stroyer onto a pier where a brightly striped green and while bedouinstyle tent had been erected Henry Cabot Lodge ambassador to the United Nations was at the foot of the gangway and greeted the King with a handshake Inside the tent he was greeted by and United Nations offi cials before the flags of the United States and Saudi Arabia New York City officials gave Saud only a small motorcycle es cort and a cold stare Mayor Rob ert F Wagner had vetoed any city ceremony such as is usually given visiting luminaries Wagner said it was because the King is anti Jewish antiCatholic and upholds slavery understanding that in its review of documents the committee will not seek to breach the confidence of other friendly governments Several members of the two committees said they wanted clarification of what that meant But it was generally agreed that the committee would not ba bound by Dulles language Knowland had told reporters earlier in the day after a con ference of Republican legislative leaders at the White House that countries and beneficial results the administration would make every effort to cooperate with the review of Middle East policy Knowland called the idea of the review acceptable to the President and Secretary DuDes Not Acceptable Knowland emphasized that an original proposal advanced by Sen Fulbright DArk was not I acceptable to the administration Fulbrighl called last week for a review of American policy in the MidEast in advance of any Sen ate committee action on the ad ministrations Middle East pro gram Knowland noted that the Ful bright resolution has been amended to carry the proposed inquiry back to 1946 when the Democrats were in power Asked about Eisenhowers re action to the amended proposal Knowland replied It is accept able to the SOLAR FURNACE WASHINGTON The Army announced Tuesday it will build a giant solar furnace capable of concentrating the suns rays to produce temperatures as hot as those of an atomic explosion New Mass of Cold Air Reaches Iowa Sibley Has 13 A new mass of bitterly cold ar was moving across Iowa Tuesday At Sibley the temperature dropped to 13 below zero Tem peratures continued to fall throughout Iowa as the cold wave advanced southward across the state In Des Moines the temperature dropped from 17 above at to 2 above at At Spencer the mercury fell to 7 be low zero after daybreak Masou City had 5 The Weather Bureau said tem peratures might dip to 15 below zero in northern Iowa Tuesday night Several points reported light snow in Ihe 24 hours ended at Tuesday Mason City had threefourths of an inch ;