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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 29, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY DOLLAR DAYS Thursday Friday and Saturday vu Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copji MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 29 1951 ctlon On No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Why the Appeal of Communism T venture I am not alone in m curiosity about what motivate the adherents of communism thes days Although it is the absolut antithesis of religion its follower seemed possessed of a religiou fervor when it comes to trying t advance their cause Within recent weeks we hav been by reports out of Korea to the ef feet that the Chinese communis casualty list was at least 10 time as great as that of the United Na tions And yet the reds arent de terred in the least They right on corning They dont seem to mind being killed In this respect of course thej remind one of the Hitlerites anc the Japanese of a decade ago Somebody sold them on the phon idea that getting killed for a die tator was a wonderful way to win a passport into some sort of in describable Valhalla Remember the Kamikaze Hemember how those Nips used to head their planes into the side of our naval vessels in the Pa cific These suicide pilots wen known as Kamikaze which in the Japanese language means divine wind At the same time the nan zealots were setting out on no return submarine missions Botl the Japs and Germans wen promised a frontrow seat in thi lifeafterdeath theater Its in this respect that both thi Hitlerites and the Hirohito Jap differed from the current crop o communists So far as I can learn nobody ever talks about an after life heavenly existence in top flight communist circles To the contrary the heaven blueprinted by Karl Marx launched by Nicholai Lenin anc perfected by Josef Stalin is righ here on earth And these com munists helping to usher it in arent going to be here to enjoy it Are they in truth that altru istic I cant quite bring myself to accept this story Its Hard to Explain From my own point of view this willingness to die for a to tally materialistic and unspiritua cause is the one phenomenon in connection with the march o world communism that is mos difficult of explanation It simply doesnt make sense I can understand why people living under conditions of per petual poverty empty stom achs and stripped of hope mighl be attracted by the promises held out to them by communist spokes men Thats what a person does when hes drowning He grabs at the sheerest straw And the postwar world has been pretty much made to order for communism in this regard and no where more impressively than in China The suggestion of talcing away from those who HAVE and giving to those who HAVE NOT has had an irresistible plausibility Already of course those prom ises of a rosier life have begun falling of their own weight in every place where there is com munism Within the month Ive talked to a man who lived under the communist rule in China Its his guess that not 1 in 10 wants communism to remain Anarchy Might Be Next Unfortunately however from the freedom point of view this does not add up to any advan tage A people shaking off the yoke of communism would by no means automatically turn to our system of free enterprise and de mocracy Theres one more ideology and form of government even more in keeping with poverty and chaos than communism Thats anarcfiy which means the total absence of government of any kind Its ad vent would mean a return to the law of the tooth and the claw And therein lies perhaps the most somber prospect tied up with fighting another world war That our side would win in a military way I am wholly confi dent But that we would be any further along the path of trying to usher in a lasting peace I have the gravest doubts The chances are much too great for comfortable contemplati the communism of now would be supplanted by anarchy And this is a reminder of a truth developed by warfare down through the cen turies Victory in war of and by itself never settled anything the most that it ever did was to pro vide the opportunity for a solu tion of the existent problems Must Know Our Adversary I wouldnt want this observation to be interpreted by anybody as indicating that I do not favor making America strong irre sistibly strong in a military way We havo no choice as to this What Im wanting to stress is that In this effort we must not let our selves be blinded to the import ance of the war for the mind and the heart of man And perhaps well be best equipped for that campaign if we familiarize ourselves with the fun damental nature of the ideology system with which we are locked in mortal combat Our ad versary not we has said that CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Allied Drive 10 Miles From Seoul 20 at Mason City But Cresco Has Low of 27 No Relief in Sight From Arctic Blasts The most severe cold wave of he winter held Mason City and all of Iowa in its grip Monday X reading of 20 degrees below zero during the night Sunday was he coldest recording here It was blow in Mason City at 1 p m Monday Decorah Has 25 Other low recordings in North owa Monday were 25 below at Decorah and 27 below at Cresco Decorahs coldest reading Sunday was 10 below Although a temperature of 36 jelow recorded at Decorah Dec 27 is still the lowest Iowa tem jerature of the 195051 winter he current cold wave is the most widespread the state has seen this vinter Sunday morning at 8 oclock il was 11 below in Mason City and he thermometer did not rise above 5 below any time during the day There was but a trace of now and a brisk wind out of the northwest Schools Are Closed No school was held Monday and 10 school buses running at Lin oln No 5 Eudd Osage Carpen er Kensett Riceville Orchard loyd Pleasant Valley in Mitchell ounty Mclntyre Little Cedar nd Ernmons Minn Schools were open but no buses were running at Manly Lake Vlills Northwood and Nashua The Jrafton school was open but no us was running and No 3 bus at Clear Lake also was discontinued or the day No relief from the cold was in ight The Canadian Arctic where emperatures stood at 50 below ontinued to send wave after vave of cold air into the states Yellowstone Has It was 52 below at West Yel owstone Mont Monday Official emperatures tumbled to 30 below nd lower over Wyoming the Dakotas and parts of Minnesota nd Wisconsin Forecasters said it would con inue cold The 46below at Butte Mont ROUGH GOING FOR ers found the goingrough Monday as they walked to school at the Administration building in downtown Ma son City The temperature was 17 degrees below zero Fern Veech at the left daughter of Mr and Mrs D F Veech 814 Delaware N E and Leona White right daugh ter of Mr and Mrs Clyde White 324 Mass N E made it with their mufflers around their noses and lunches hugged tightly 2000 Strike at Oliver in Charles City Charles City all the 2000 employes of the Oliver corporation plant here stayed away from their jobs Monday in response to a strike call The plants 7 entrances are being picketed The strike was voted by local 115 of the farm equipment and metal workers council of the United Electrical Workers after a abormanagement session broke up Friday noon Grievances over piece rates shut down the plant 1st 3 days of last week Charles Hobbie Cedar Rapids UE representative said 16 men went into the plant this morning j 7 intu nit plain uni mornins made Monday the coldest Jan 29 G w Bird manager safd lova i J iere on record The cold stretched from the acific northwest to the northern Atlantic coast Denver reported and Chicago In the midst of all of this cold he Misses Mary and Pearl OHar ow 324 2nd N E Mason City ioked out of their window as hey xvere eating breakfast Mon ay and saw a robin high in a It hopped to the ground and ley threw out feed for it Hope for Snow Residents of Indiana Ohio outhern Pennsylvania New Jer ey and the area ork City hoped around New that a light low would fall Monday to cover le glaze of ice formed from eezing rain and sleet Sunday In Pittsburgh alone 368 persons ere hurt in falls or auto accidents aused by the citys worst ice orm in history One man was lied The ice disrupted ground nd air travel Airports at Dayton Columbus Pittsburgh and other cities were closed and 28 flights were halted at New Yorks LaGuardia field At Gilman Wis only 30 per sons showed up Sunday for a meeting at which Maj H W Kol pak ret had hoped to launch his new American political par ty He said he would call a 2nd meeting in two or 3 weeks after the temperature rises from the low of 15 below zero it hit at Gilman Sunday very few were working Price Wage Office Headed by Loyeland Mannerheim Finnish Hero Dies at 83 Helsinki Finland authorities Monday planned a state funeral for Field Marshal Baron Carl Gustaf Mannerheim their national hero who died Sat urday night in Lausanne Switzer land after a major intestinal oper ation It was indicated the funeral of the 83 year old Mannerheimfor mer president who 3 times led his country in battle against the Rus sians might take place here Sun day Meanwhile the marshals body lay in state in a hospital chapel in Lausanne Finnish army officers were to fly there to return it to Helsinki Wednesday In a special broadcast President Ju Ho Paasikivi 80 said Manner heim was not only a warrior tested on many battlefields but also a statesman fitted for the task of peace Endowed with the most excellent qualities as a leader he Board Seeks to Ease Price Wage Curbs Big Groups Expected to Be Exempt From Freeze on Wages By HAROLD W WARD Washington rice and wage stabilization officials set to work Monday on the delicate anc tedious job of releasing some o the pressures behind the dam thej built last Friday to hold back liv ing costs Their task is to remove as quickly as possible the acknowl inequities which resulted the government Friday edged when night froze most prices at peak levels between Dec 19 and Jan 25 and all wages as of Jan 25 The wage stabilization board prepared a statement expected to announce that large groups ol employes are exempt from the wage freeze These would include 4000000 federal state and mu nicipal workers and also employes of very small exempl from stabilization during World war II Industries Exempted There are whole industries ex empted from price controls under he defense production act too These include newspaper and publishing fields radio television and similar communications util ties carriers and movie theater admissions Whether wages in hose industries will be controlled s up to the lawyers already hold ng their heads Besides the statement on ex emptions the wage board headed by Cyrus S Ching is driving to come out with a ably on Tuesday or or granting blanket approval to ncreases along the pattern devel oped last year In major indus tries this generally was for a 10 per cent wage with pensions and similar benefits The board may pick another percentage but increases in steel coal electrical manufacturing and aluminum industries helped to mold the 10 per cent pattern It vas generally indicated that the ormula would allow negotiated ncreases up to 10 per cent above an 15 1950 levels Argue Over Pensions In other words if that policy is approved the board would not in erfere with future increases up to hat prevailing pattern It must determine whether to include the pension and other fringe bene its in that allowable percentage lowever The 3 industry members of thi vage board have been arguing hat the pattern of increases i fe NORTH KOREA AP Wirephoto ALLIES APPROACH units in the 5 day allied push were within 10 miles of Seoul capital of South Korea Inchon Seouls port city again was bombarded blast symbols by naval vessels on Sun day White arrows show other advancing UN units black the opposing reds MacArthur Sees Front for 9th Time Tokyo ff General Mac Arthur enthusiastic and full of banter paid his 9th flying visit to the Korean warfront Sunday He jeeped within a mile of the fighting line south of Seoul flew over that redheld city and de clared stake we fight for now is more than Korea Irs a free Asia some clarification of their situa ion under the price freeze The seller was limited to the highest jrice he achieved during the base 3eriod Dec 19Jan 25 DiSalles aides said he hoped to come out with a clarifying state ment on that Monday The former Toledo mayor still needed a man to run enforcement operations following resignation of Vice Admiral John H Hoover DiSalle appointed Harold Leven hal Washington and New York attorney as his acting general counsel Hoover resigned saying that politics has no place in an or affecting every Ameri can home He did not amplify performed deeds both as a war1 only 59 per cent and that pen rior and a statesman of farreachjsions and such benefits should bi Des Moines on the destiny of his counted as wages This has been vigorously opposed by the labor members who dont want to in clude the welfare issues as pay Despite these differences the board hoped to make a decision Monday if possible Should the public Ching John Dunlop of Harvard univer sity and Clark Kerr of the Univer sity of their votes either way it would decide the question But Ching is anxious tha this allimportant policy step be U S Eyeing Older Men for Draft Washington ff The house armed services committee Monday virtually killed the idea of draft ing any veterans now but reached out for single men up to age 28 two years above the present limit At the same time pressure built up at the capitol behind the idea of drafting childless husbands in the present 19 through 25 age bracket plus thousands of youths now classified 4 F before any 18yearolds are taken But the military held out for the 18year draft in preference to taking married men Two congressional committee Hearings one in the senate and the other in the house showed those trends in discussion of the defense departments proposal to draft at 18 instead of the present 19 years hold the men for 27 nstead of the present 21 months and work the program into per manent universal military serv ice and training wage stabilization office headed by Al J Loveland 57 Janesville farmer started functioning on a shoestring basis Monday in a large bare room on the 6th floor of the Securities building in Des Moines Loveland who was appointed Saturday as acting director of the Iowa district office began working from scratch with two assistants Donald Duke Norberg Albia newspaper editor who will serve temporarily as information officer and Iver Christofferson 51 Cedar Falls lawyer appointed temporary state price counsel for Loveland Within an hour after the price stabilization office opened all it had was a telephone number and one desk Loveland said that organization of the office was his first big job and that it would be some time before he would be ready to issue anyJnloBnation orders affecting the general public He has no plans at present he said for establish ment of branch offices in other Iowa cities He has received no in formation as yet on whether these will be needed Sinclair Lewis Services Held Sauk Center Minn ashes of novelist Sinclair Lewis rested in snowcovered Green wood cemetery here Monday be side the graves of his mother and father Funeral rites for the famed author who spent his boyhood in this Main Street city in south central Minnesota were held Sun day in 22below zero weather After a brief service in the Sauk Center high school auditorium the ashes were carried to the cemetery where the authors brother emp ied them into a grave into which lad been placed a shelf full of xioks written by Lewis The ashes of Lewis were flown to Sauk Center from Rome Italy where Lewis died Jan 10 of pneu monia Among those attending the serv ces was Lewis only son Michael of New York Name Will Live Mannerheim s main forever in the annals of Fin nish history he declared Mannerheim was leader of the white army which fought bolshe vik forces and established Finnish independence from Russia after the 1st World war His name was given to the Finnish defense line which held off the red army for weeks in the winter war of 1939 40 He was commandermchief in unanimous if possible both that war and the war begin Await Clarification which Finland Pnce Administrator Michael fought on the side of Germany In DiSalle also was pushing his pro 1944 he consented to become presi ram along He conferred Sunday dent in order to lend his prestige vith representatives of the com to the difficult task of making modity exchanges some of which peace in defeat down Saturday Fire Destroys 2 Large Stores Loss of the largest stores in Lakota were completely destroyed by fire early Monday morning Firemen from surround ng towns battled in subzero emperatures to save surrounding buildings The loss is estimated at between and It vas the 2nd serious fire here in 0 days The buildings were on the east ide of Main street the Jerry Uke na hardware garage and imple ment store and the C R Smith eneral store There xvere 3 apart ments above the Smith store The Ukena garage is also agent for the Dodge car and the loss in cluded 3 new cars displayed in the building The fire was discovered at 5 a m Monday by John Smith as he was going out on his cream route The fire was still burning at 8 oclock but it was believed that it could be prevented from spread ing The two buildings were ad joining and there is a street be tween them and the next building south owned by James Smith and housing the Interstate Power com pany office and apartments above The buildings were located south of the A C Schissel elevator and feed grinding mill which were destroyed by fire Saturday Jan 20 Sees Bomb Run Before returning to Tokyo BRITAIN CALLS RESERVES London Iff Prime Minister Attlee announced Monday Britain will call up 235000 army reserves for 15 days of training this sum mer MacArthur tried with his un armed transport plane Scap to join a B29 bomb run over Seoul but was just too late to get into formation before the bombs fell At the front he was told by Lt Gen Matthew B Ridgway that the Chinese communists have lost 40000 dead and 120000 wounded since Jan 1 not counting weather casualties He made the trip for a Isthand glimpse of the allied offensive now punching northward toward Seoul Its tanks were pointed north He found the men with an air of confidence It makes a great deal of dif ference which direction youre going said one officer We can put up with a lot if we are mov ing ahead MacArthurs plane flew un escorted and unchallenged from Tokyo and landed at Suwon air port which was captured two days ago and only Sunday became operational for large planes At a command post MacArthur pinned the eagles of a colonel on Gerald Kelleher of Albany N Y commenting I well remember the time I 1st got mine Kelleher remarked that the Chinese troops still were using bugles to herald their operations That is one of the great weap ons of the Mac Arthur replied Good Souvenir A Chinese horn should be a good souvenir Every soldier will have a horn to take back to his girl Kelleher reported that after one action 135 enemy dead were counted with one American killed Thats the way I like said MacArthur At one post he talked at length Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued cold Monday night Low Monday night 15 to 20 be low Tuesday increasing cloudi ness and not quite so cold with high zero to 5 below Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy Monday nightand Tuesday with occasional snow flurries south portion Continued very Low Monday night 20 below north 5 to 15 below south Not quite so cold Tuesday with high above south Snow with 5 below north 5 Further outlook AP Wirephoto TRUMAN GREETS PLEVEN French Premier Rene Pleven right is greeted at Union station in Washington by President Truman The French leader arrived Mon day for two days of conferences with the president gradually moderating tempera tures Wednesday Minnesota Fair and severely cold Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and not quite so cold with snow flurries extreme north Low Monday night 3040 below north and 2030 below south High Tuesday 510 below IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 5 Minimum 20 At 8 a m 17 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO with Maj James H Lee of Dallas JTex a battalion commander He wanted to know if I coul take care of everything in fron of me if he would take care o everything behind me Lee re ported Of course I said yes MacArthur was within eas range of enemy artillery but fo a war it was quiet Staff officers explained that ac tion was spotty because th Chinese like to work at night They said Chinese troops wer well equipped and well fed Thieves Check by Phone Before Robbing Couple West Los Aneeles JP Thi telephone rang Thursday night a the home of Mr and Mrs Edwarc Cass When Mrs Cass answered whoever was calling hung up The same thing happened Fri day night Maximum Minimum 29 8 Saturday night the Casses were not home to hear the phone ring When they returned late thej told police Sunday they discov ered that a mink coat anc an 86piecc silverware set hac been stolen SAME White flat meant no triflfo IB U hourl Reds Die in Foxholes to Slow Gains Infantrymen Must Blast Way With Grenades and Rifles By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo fP Chinese commu nists died fighting in their moun tain foxholes Monday They re sisted to the bitter end a wary but seemingly relentless allied ad vance to within 10 miles of Seoul in western Korea Associated Press Correspondent Jim Becker reported 130 reds were killed on one hill alone Only 8 were captured Air strikes and artillery raked the enemy positions but UN in fantrymen finally had to scramble up the frozen hillsides and blast out the reds with grenades and rifle fire The U S 8th army reported advances up to 3 miles along the 40mile western front Planes Dump Napalm In the area north of Suwon 38 P51 fighter bombers dumped 8000 gallons of fiery napalm jellied gasoline in the heaviest Mustang mass attack of the war Red troops and buildings were hit Early estimates were that 100 reds were killed and 240 buildings de stroyed or damaged Maj Thomas D Robertson of St Paul Minn who led the at tack said There was over 30 miles of fire burning when we left About 4 hours before describing the bitter hillsides battle Becker filed a dispatch reporting an allied advance of one mile to a point 8 miles north of Suwon Heavy Forces Near Becker said intelligence officers estimated that the entire 50th Chi nese communist army and 3 North Korean divisions now were near the combat area holding strong positions At full strength these forces would total about 60000 men but losses are believed to have cut them considerably This is a delaying action with about one Chinese company to every hill one American regi mental commander said of the foxhole fight We just have to dig them out because they stay in there and die fighting The Chinese were supported by artillery Ground troops called for an air strike to silence the enemy uns AP Correspondent Stan S win ton said UN forces by dusk Mon day had gained li miles and won high ground overlooking the Kumjang river valley They drove red defenders from another hill above Wonchon a road center These forces U S and Puerto Rican infantrymen were sup ported by tanks British Turkish Greek and South Koreans were in the push elsewhere on the front Slowed by Ambushes The allies 5day advance had ieen slowed earlier by red coun terattacks in battalion strength at several places and by enemy am Dushes on the central front An 8th army communique said hat UN forces with a line ex tending almost 100 miles from the west coast through the rugged mountainous central sector felt hey were in the strangest posi ion they had held since the Chi nese entered the war last No vember Chinese and North Korean reds mined roads and set up road blocks behind some of the for ward UN units One attack by 600 enemy troops 6 miles west of Ichon forced allied units to fall back but they later restored their lines The biggest clash started 3 miles northeast of Suwon where an estimated enemy battalion at tacked shortly after midnight Sun day The fire fight was hot and beavy for about 2 hours and then simmered down to skirmishing which continued long after day ight Truman May Ask Wartime Tax Levels Washington Tru man advised congressional leaders Honday he will send his special ax message to congress late next eek House Speaker Rayburn D Tex ssid after a white house onference that Mr Truman men ioned no figure Capitol hill tax xperts expect however the pres dent will ask for nd levies on individuals at the ighest rate imposed in World war I This might mean an overall in rease of 30 per cent or more al lough the impact would not be hat heavy on all individuals It rould add about 5000000 lower ncome persons to the tax rolls aising the number of individual ncome taxpayers to about 60000 00 ;