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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 29, 1945, Mason City, Iowa Of NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND M0INCS I VES I THE THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION imrni Jtocfatcd mm mat Dotted Fun IcMd tnn Cats a Cony MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 29 1945 Thia Paper Consists ot Two NO M One Mans Opinion A ladle Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO CltT WOl Avn WSUL CUT I WTAD DL P KSCJ Sliu Cltr Fridlr How the British Keep From Starving IN my commentary last week about agriculture in Britain I mentioned 2 farms I visited while T was over there last fall in con nectioa with an editorial mission to tbXEuropeari war theater One was in Scotland the otherin what s is known as the south Midlands In my commentary this week JTin going to return to those same 2 farms and report a little more in detail about my experiences and observations Naturally I shall be drawing some eompari V sons and contrasts with the farm ing In Iowa with which I am most familiar 3R no other reason than be cause it was the first one visited Im going to take you with me teethe 600 acre tract farmed by SirQeorge Wilson within gun shot of thfijarnous Loch Lomond in southeiih Scotland between Edinburgh and Glasgow 1 Qne of the pictures which lin gers in my memory Is of the heathercovered to the Scots which lie off across the valley of one of those Loch water arms We gazed at it from one of the sheepgrazing knolls on Sir Georges large tract With me on this jaunt were 2 Karl Mundt of South Dakota and Rep Jim Rich ards of South my 1 journalistic colleague Fred Chris topherson of the Sioux Falls S Dak ArgusLeader We had made anight trip from London to Edin burgh on the Coronation Scot flyer and spent the forenoon in Edinburgh among its historic scenes including the castle where once Mary Queen of Scots lived and ruled rrHE distance out to Sir Georges J farmwas covered by automo 1 availableby ourScotch totts took us pastes giant bridge which spans the Fifth of Forth and through a rath er rich section of agricultural Scotland with its stone fences separating fields and its prepon of small grains especial ly wheat oats and rye Our meeting with Sir George was at the village inn in historic Killeam near the familys ances tral mansion After a luncheon which was uncommonly ample and is for we retiredto an enclosed porch for a chat about things in general With more than a little pride Sir George told us about the pro gram of the Scotch milk pro ducers board of which he is president The organization has a membership of 6000 dairy farm ers Their purpose is 2fold First to improve the standard of dairy products and second to make sure of a reasonable price for those products IN Londona few days before I had talked with American Am bassador John Winant about Brit ish dairying He had expressed grave concern over the tardiness of English farmers to adopt safe guards against bovine tuberculo sis Under the circumstances he said he would warn Americans REDS SURROUND RAIL CENTER 1st Army Now Within Mile of German Border CAPTlljHREf TOWNS ON PUSH TO WEST WALL Say 3rd Probably Near Border or Into Saarbrucken Paris army divisions advanced as much as two miles in deep snow northeast of St Vith Monday capturing three towns and moving within a mile of Germany and the outer works of the Siegfried line Bullange Herresbach and Holx heim all toppled The main works of the west wall were brought within six mile artillery range The first infantry division took Bullange after a ninehour fight in bitterly cold weather In taking Herresbacb first army troops killed 138 Germans and captured 180 without the loss of a single man killed wounded or captured To the south the 3rd army was either near or across the border all the way to Saarbrucken Thus Gen Eisenhowers forces were deployed along or beyond 200 miles of the Siegfried line all the way from Holland to the south part of the Saarland The slow re versal of the Ardennes bulge had squeezed perhaps 20 American di visions from straightened salient allowing them restfor the next btfttle U S to Appeal Decision on Ward Case Washington adminis tration Monday planned an im mediate appeal to the courts and ultimately to congress for a re versal of the judgment that Pres ident Roosevelt exceeded his legal or constitutional powers in seiz ing Montgomery Ward plants Attorney General Francis Bid die and his legal aides were at his home here Sunday planning the counterattack on the ruling given Saturday by Federal Judge Philip L Sullivan in Chicago Sullivan found that Montgomery Wards mail order distribution business was not covered by the labor dis putes act of 1942 and further that was no constitutional au thority for the seizure order The war labor board whose or ders to nonwar industries appear to be jeopardized by the ruling looks to congress for further leg islation It would be sought in form to give the president au thority to enforce peaceful settle ment of labor disputes In the meantime board members ex pressed the hope that labor will keep its feet on the ground Similarly they hoped that man B29S STRIKE AT IWO ISLAND FOR 4TH TIME Nimitz Moves Quarters Farther West to Direct Jap War Advanced Pacific Fleet Head quarters UR B29 Superfort resses struck heavily Monday for a 4th time at I wo Japanese step pingstone island half way be tween the Marianas and Tokyo The new raid from Marianas bases came shortly after disclo sure that Admiral Chester W Nimitz supreme commander in the Pacific had moved his head quarters thousands of miles west from Pear Harbor lo direct the next phases of the war against Japan The Superfortresses attacked in daylight a war department com munique issued in Wasfiington said Details will be announced following the return of the raiders to their bases it added There was no immediate word BRITISH TROOPS RUSH troops holding forth in Waldfeugt south east of Maeseyck Belgium are being driven out by British troops advancing among the ruins of houses Yanks Drive Within 33 Miles of Manila i dnsk Sunday night jbntil dawn Monday planes swept over German areas behind the west wall disrupting continued German movements from the Ardennes Mosquitos took up where 2000 bombers left off at nightfall Opposition to the predawn on slaught which caught the hazis by surprise Sunday and gained 2 miles still was light to moderate Gen Eisenhowers communique said On all sectors 16 villages were taken The doughboys had to flounder forward almost Indian file through waist deep drifts and virtually shovel their way toward the Ger man border The advance could hardly be rapid It was more of a line straighting operation Snow flurries Continued Mon day i The 7th army front in Alsace was r The French 1st army with its American troops made limited gains at both ends of the Colmar pocket below Strasbourg but op erations there were handicapped also by deep snow and poor visi bility due to ground haze Troops were curling around Colmar pop 46000 and reached within 4 miles of the Rhine and 3 of the city While allied ground forces were agements of business not specif ically covered by the labor dis putes act but which are operating under WLB orders would not hasten to take advantage of the Chicago decision If there were a general man agement challenge there probably would be a general labor rising in defense ofagreements already in least that is what some officials fear Newspaper Editor Dies at Home in New York New York a r r Van Anda BO one of the nations out standing editors and retired managing editor of the New York Times died Sunday at His home here a few hours after the death of his daughter Miss Blanche Van Anda 57 at her home Hotel Fairfax against drinking the raw mill hammering from west against which is sold on the London n enemy falling back under Rus market That said Sir George ap plies to milk in England But U doesnt apply to our dairy prod ucts up here in Scotland It would be my guess that in raising health and sanitary standards we dairy men in Scotland have gone about as far and as fast as your Ameri can dairymen whom we so great ly admire Along with his extensive farm operations carried on with the help of an extremely able and alert farm manager William Dun along with his work as head of the milk producers or ganization Sir George a chem istry graduate of Cambridge uni versity finds time to serve on the governing board ot one of Scotlands 4 agricultural colleges His language is a rich mixture of CamBridge and Scotch burr OUR chat before the fireplace ended we set out to inspect the plant and tramp the fields oi Sir Georges 600 acre tract First we visited a grazing plot for sheep Next we visited a whcai plot expected to produce about 40 bushels to the acre Oats bdrt ly enough average only a little more on this farm Both wheat and oats have about a 4foo straw There was no com on Sir Georges is the kind 01 cornknown to us here in Amer ica That goes for all of Britain The growing season is long enough to grow corn but U never gets warm enough The Scotch like th Irish and English call their smal trains corn Their authority fo this they told me is the Bible Our kind of corn is referred to as nuke Ive mentioned the sheep on i enemy falling 1 ian blows from the east nearly 000 U S and British heavy and medium bombers blasted railroad and bridges Sunday in the liihr and Rhineland The RAF ollowed up Sunday night with Hacks on Berlin and Stuttgart Despite snowdrifts that piled up as high as 7 feet in some places t Gen Courtney Hodges dough boys swept up 4 towns 5 to 7 miles northeast of St Vith They were sector Berscheid Valender Hepscheid and Heppenbach the last miles from the German border Clad in snowcapes for camou flage and newlyissued Arctic suits the Americans descended upon the nazi garrisons as they slept The doughboys themselves had been surprised that an assault had been ordered in such weather and startled German prisoners said they didnt dream anyone would attack under the prevailing conditions At the same time Lt Gen George S rations 3rd army elim inating some of the last nazi rear guards in northern Luxembourg slashed 4 miles northeast into Bel gium on the first armys southern flank The 3rd army overran Maspelt 4 miles southeast of St Vith and only a mile from the BelgianGer man border The 3rd army was nowhere far therthan 3Vz miles from the Ger whether American surface war ships and Liberator bombers also joined in the attack as they did during the 3 previous B29 raids on the Volcano islands stronghold 750 miles north of Saipanand an equal distance south of Tokyo In the last previous attack Jan 24 the naval task force participat ing Included a battleship for the first time Iwo Is an air base for interception of Tokyobound Su perfortresses and for flashing warnings of the approach of B29s to the enemy homeland Nimitz has set up advanced headquarters on an island which though prominent in the news cannot be named From here he will direct the cast air naval and army forces under his command in raids and amphibious opera tions against the shrinking Japa nese empire Australian sources last month speculated that Nimitz would set up headquarters on Guam in the southern Marianas Guam already is headquarters for the 21st bomb er command of Superfortresses Ills command covers all of the Pacific north to the Aleutians oath to New Zealand and west to jhini with the exception of the PhilippinesN e w GuineaAustra lia area under the supreme com mand of Gen Douglas MacArthur Spearheading the present phase of the assault against the Japa nese is Admiral William F Hal seys 3rd fleet whose carrier planes have sunk or damaged 445 enemy ships and small craft and destroyed or damaged 1292 planes in a record 20day sweep of the western Pacific from IndoChina to the Hyukyu islands south of Japan REACH TOWN OF SAN FERNANDO Abandoning House Ready for Fight on TOKYO CLAIMS SUBS NEAR U NAME SHIP FOR IO1VAN las Angeles Cat late navy commander Fred T Berry was honored Sunday when a de General Mac Arthurs H e a d quarters Luzon American infantrymen virtually split the Japanese defenses on Lu zon Monday with a 2pronged drive to the outskirts of San Fer nando 33 airline miles from Ma nila Raked by increasinglyheavy American air blows and harried by guerrilla uprisings in their rear the Japanese were reported abandoning San Fernando and its important road network linking the Manila garrison with the ene my concentrations in northern Luzon Jubilant natives swarming out to meet the Manilabound dough boys reported that the Japanese were pulling out hurriedly to the west apparently retreating to ward the base of Bataan penin sula where the outnumbered American and Filipino forces made their last major stand for the Philippines 3 years ago Headquarters observers believed the last formidable defenses bar ring the way to Manila had been breached and that the liberation of triecapital was now only a matter of a few weeks at most It was expected however that Gen Douglas MacArthur might hold up the drive on Manila briefly to consolidate his positions and mop up enemy resistance on the flanks before moving in for the knockout Tokyo radio continued to hint at new American offensive rria i Washington mood Jo dug in Monday for a showdown fight on limited national service legisla tion for men between 18 and 45 A decision is expected Thursday or Friday First however will come debate and maneuvers on an anticlosed shop amendment and a proposal for statutory back ing for the fair employment prac tices committee A weekend of overtures and sounding out of sentiment failed to uncover a common ground for compromise of deepseated differences between organized la bor advocates and a bloc seeking to impose stringent curbs on union activities We will fight it out on the floor and 1 believe we have enough votes to win Chairman May D Ky of the house mili tary committee said of the bill as a whole This committee wrote the measure at the request ol President Roosevelt May said he would resist at tempts to write into the bill a ban against requiring a man to join a union if his local draft board as signs him to work in a closed shop The measure provides that men between 18 and 45 may not leavu essential jobs without draft board approval andmust lake such jobs at draft board request under pen alty of induction fine or impris onment A provision requiring boards to give men a reasonable choice Tankers ipSurik By UNITED PRESS it tects join neuvers elsewhere in the Philip stroyer named in his honor was pines asserting that Japanese tor launched in Los Angeles harbor pedo boatsattacked a convoy in the Mindanao sea north of Min danao island last Wednesday Tokyo claimed the sinking of 3 transports a battleship and an unidentified warship A later enemy broadcast re corded by FCC monitors in New York said 2 additional American divisions have been landed on Lu The commander who was killed in the crash of the airship Akron off the New Jersey coast in April 1933 was bomat Logan Iowa of jobs May said adequately pro the freedom of a worker to or refrain from joining a union This provision however does not meet the approval of alarge bloc of southern democrats and rural republican representatives They may seek to impose an out right ban on strikes and permit nonunion men to work in closed shops Organized labor which has op posed the bill from the start is aiming a 2 pronged drive at the A Tokyo broadcast said Monday that Japanese submarines have penetrated to the west coast of the United States and sunk 3 transport ships and an oil tanker American censorship permitted disclosure a fortnight ago that an American liberty ship had been sunk and its survivors machine gunned by a Japanese submarine between Hawaii and the west coast but there have been no other recent reports of enemy submarine activity in the area The Tokyo broadcast which at tributed its information to a Jap anese Domci dispatch from cer tain base on the central Pacific front did not say when the al leged sinkings occurred It was recorded by the FCC Our submarine unit penetrated to the western coast of the home land of the United Slates and is gallantly carrying on operations to disturb the enemy supply line the broadcast said While they have been active in the eastern Pacific ocean 3 trans port ships and one tanker of the enemy who is in desperate need of material reinforcement were sunk recently Japanese forces still hold iso lated bases on Wake island and in the Marshalls archipelago both more than 4000 miles from the west coast CLAIM FLASHES OF GUNS SEEN FROM BERLIN Nazi Officials Move From Danger Zone Civilians Evacuate BULLETIN London leaders be gan preparing the German people Tor the assault on Berlin Monday by summoning them to lastditch resistance in the Hinterlands We will fight before Berlin ill Berlin around Berlin and behind Berlin a German broadcast de clared By Xhc Associated Press London The Russians have surrounded the Prussian rail cen ter of Schneidemuhl 4 miles in side the German border a Ger man spokesman announced Mon day and Swedish eyewitness re ports said flashes from Marshal Stalins guns already could be seen from Berlin in the night skies over the eastern battlefront German officials were moving their offices from the threatened capital and 20 trains evacuated part of the populace said a Swed ish national just come from Berr lin Foreigndiplomats were mak ing preparations to leave and for eign correspondents were ordered to depart he said Encirclement of Schneidemuhl a city of 41000 cut the main Ber linDanzig railway at a point 135 miles northeast of the capital but directly east of Berlin German re ports placed the Russians much closer about 95 miles Latest official Russianannounce raents said the Russians in their beeline drive on Berlin were 109 miles to the east but Moscow dispatches said it was believed Marshal Gregory Zhukovs tKrtks had spurted farther ahead and had crossed the frontier of Bran denburg the province of Berlin zon raising MacArthurs attack I legislation It is opposing the force to 7 closed shop amendment and is GORED TO DEATH Garden Grove Iowa Erb 63 was gored to death by a bull Sunday at the farm of Roy Jollief His body was discovered several hours after the accident Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report United Press War Correspondent Frank Hewlett reported that tank and infantry spearheads of the V S 37th Buckeye division were within sight of San Fernando backing a counterproposal to prevent sn employer from being rated as essential if he discrimi nates against workers because of race creed or color early Monday advancing in 2 Adoption of an FEPC amend parallel spearheads along highI ment would alienate southern sup ways 3 and 10 from the northwest port for the bill and probably re ana northeast The latter column 1 suit in uniting the strong south poshed through Mexico 3 miles era group with labor in final og northeast of San Fernando late position Sunday and moved ahead against scattered opposition Guerrilla fighters who emerged I from San Fernando said the re treating Japanese had had no TV time to destroy the concrete bridge 111 spanning the San Fernando river to the south or to destroy the towns modern buildings FORECAST CIVILIANS RETURN W ST civilians following quickly on the heels of the American 30th divisions drive on St Vfth are seen here seeking reentry to the town Note woman carrying white flag U S signal corps photo Heaviest fighting centered around Fort Stotsenburg 4 miles west of highway 3 and 16 miles northwest of San Fernando Illi nois national guardsmen although heavily outnumbered cleared out I one strong Japanese mortar and machine gun nest in that area Sunday after a pitched battle that lasted for several hours finally setting fire to the tall Congo grass 10 cremate the remaining enemy Washington Edwin A Halsey secretary of the senate died early Monday at Doctors hos pital of a heart ailment compli cated by his preparations for Pres ident Roosevelts 4th term inaug uration Halsey 63 a native of Tye River Va had been an employe of the senate since 1897 and its sec retary since 1933 He is survived by his widow and one son Navy Lt Edwin A Hal Mason City Light snow Monday afternoon ending Monday night Colder Monday night Lowest temperature about 10 below Tuesday partly cloudy and con tinued cold Iowa Partly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tuesday Fev snow flurries Lowest tempera tures Monday night ranging from 10 below in northwest t near zero in south and cast por tions Minnesota Mostly cloudy and con tinued cold Monday night an Tuesday Scattered snow flur ries Low temperatures Monda night ranging from 5 to 15 be low IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistic Maximum Sunday 14 Minimum Sunday 0 At 8 a nf Monday 3 YEAR AGO sey Jr Maximum Minimum at several points German broadcasts declared that Zhukovs frontal drive on Berlin had been temporarily stopped in the last 24 hours but the German communique told of continued fighting along the Obra in the frontier area 95 miles from Berlin Berlin military spokesmen said that the Russians were attacking along a line fi om Kreux 103 miles northeast of Berlin to Zraszyn ou the Obra southeast of Berlin and We cannot yet speak of a co herent front in the east at all In Silesia the enemy communir que said the Russians further en larged their bridgehead over the Oder at Steinau 32 miles north west of Breslau Defenses of Kon igsberg had been penetrated the Germans said An 8th soviet army joined the gigantic attack and seized the longsurrounded Baltic port of Memel Sunday in another day of great victories which brought gloomy predictions from the nazl press Swedish correspondents reported from Berlin that German news papers painting the blackest pic ture yet of Germanys position declared the next 8 days may decide the war and that panic is veeping the nation from cast to est Residents of the German capital pent most of Sunday afternoon in raid shelters one Swedish ource reported after a telephone onversation with Berlin Capture of Memel by Gen Ivan argramians first Baltic front in n assault which opened Sunday rought to perhaps 4000000 the umber of Russian troops now on he march Premier Stalin announced the learing of the enemy from the outhern Silesian area by the cap ure of Katowice and Beuthen by le first Ukraine army while ihukovs first White Russian rmy overran another 400 western olish localities in a drive straight t Berlin along an 80rnile front Fanning out from encircled oznan Zhukovs units captured Pniewy nearest Russianannoun ced approach to Berlin on the main Warsaw Berlin highway 27 miles west of Poznan 109 miles due east of and the erman capital Further north other first White Russian army spearheads reached the prewar GermanPolish frontier at a new point with the capture of Czarn icow 126 miles northeast of Ber lin On the southern anchor of this front Zhukovs forces rolled through Lezno important highway junction close to the German frontier and 130 miles from Ber lin Berlin radio accounts credited Zhukov with even greater gain and said his troops had reached the Obra river frontier at a point only 95 miles from Berlin What ever his exact progress it was ap pnrents that Zhukovs highly surge was causing the gravest concern to the German high command There were reports from Mos ;