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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 29, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTCHY AND ARCHIVE 5 E s u o i N s i A VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV THE NIWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 29 1Q4 SING APOREZERO HOURAPPRO ACHES SINGAPORE HAS STEADILY BEEN GIVEN NEW AID Prime Minister Wins Confidence With But One Dissenting Vote By THE ASSOCIATED PICESS The house com mons with but one dissenting vote expressed confidence Thurs day in the conduct of the war by Prime Minister Churchill alter he had told them the United States was determined to close with the German foe as soon as possible The vote was 464 to one The lone negative ballot came from James Maxton independent labor party whose two comem bers Jock McGovern and Camp bell Stephen acted as tellers and could not vote Twentyfour mem bers mostly laborites abstained from voting The presence of an AEF on soil of the United in northern Ireland represents the desire of the United States that her ready troops should estab lish battle contact as soon as feasible the prime minister said In a 42 minute summation for his government Churchill also in dicated appointment of a British counterpart of the United States chief of war production Donald M Nelson aad disclosed that Singapore had been steadily rein forced for a fight to the finish f These were Churchills high CnltedKinr iW5urriirjnp American people and leaders that republic that the large mass of trained and equipped troops they have in the United States should come into contact with the enemy as close and as soon as possible War reference to appointment of Donald M Nel son as chief ofthe war production board in the United States Some similar office not exactly with the same scope but with similar scope must be created here cannot tell how the Johore battle or the attack on the island of Singapore will go but there has been a steady flow of reinforcements for several weeks past In summation of his defense af ter three days of criticism and re ply in general debate Churchill said I offer no apologies I offer no excuse and make no promises 1 avow my confidence was never stronger than at this moment that we shall bring this conflict to an end in a manner agreeable to the interests of our country and in a manner agreeable to the future of the world I have finished Let every man act now in accordance with what he thinks is his duty in harmony With his heart and conscience The landslide vote followed sur passed in measure only by the unanimous 381toO vote he was given when he assumed office in Last May when the government asked support for its decision to send troops on the illfated Greek campaign the vote was 447 to 3 when the vote was announced there was a tremendous out burst of cheering and Churchill arose smiling and left the house followed by other min isters The people in the public callcrics contrary to all house rules also applauded The motion of confidence was that this house has confidence in His Majestys government and will aid it to the utmost in vigor ous prosecution of the war When the speaker put the mo Uon Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger John Brownlow Keyes na tional conservative member ap pealed for unanimous voice ap proval of the government but the three members of the independent labor smallest party in the out no Chuchills address followed de bate in which further criticism of his government piled up including that of Socialist Dennis Nowell Pntt who asserted that luke warm supporters of fascism in the government x x x are a very serious and anxious menace The prime minister said that the landing of the American troops in northern part of the United Kingdom which shares a land frontier do Mr de valcra any harm and it might Soon as Possibl Reds Drive on Smolensk Ever nearer the strategic city of Smolensk roll the forces ot Jie red army as the German retreat continues fahaded areas on map show extent of Russian advance and Vrerman retreat to date Reds Gain in Ukraine Front But Axis Draws Near Bengasi London Hears Report x That Hitler Generals Reached Compromise By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sweeping new gains by Rus sias armies were reported Thurs day as word circulated in London that A doll Hitler who five weeks agofqusteacField Marshal Gen Walther von Brauchitsch arid assumed supreme command of the German army had reached a com promise with his generals because he was unable to carry on with out the aid of experienced strate gists In dismissiing von Brauchitsch a tew days before Christmas Hit ler declared his intuitions had led him to reserve to himself per sonally all essential decisions in directing the war The British ministry of infor mation circulated extracts of an article in the antiaxis German language newspaper Die Zeitung published in London declaring that the fuehrer now had changed his mind and that commands ot the conservative Generals von Bock von Rundstedt von Leeb and others have been confirmed and they are now in charge of new armies The newspaper said the com promise was equivalent to an ad mission on the part of Hitler that he needed Germanys military brains to conduct the war Hitler served as a corporal in the 1914 18 World war AXIS FORCES WITHIN 16 MILES OF BENGASI Amid steadily mounting re verses on the soviet front the Ger man war machine appeared to be executing something of a come back in North Africa British middle cast headquarters acknowledged that Gen Erwin Rommels Libyan counter offen sive which had driven the British back 150 miles in five days scored a new advance to within 16 miles of British held Bengasi on the Gulf of Sirte The British said General Rom mels veered to UTS JU1 UWL days in ah eastward thrust The new assault carried the axis troops to Regima inland and just east of Bengasi Premier Mussolinis high com mand reported in a special bulle tin that German and Italian troops entered the battle scarred town of Bengasi Thursday morning APPARENT THAT BRITISH HAVE BEEN WITHDRAWN More and more it was becom ing apparent that the British com mand had drawn heavily on its Libyan send ing Australian and other imperial troops from North Africa to bol ster defenses in the far Pacific struggle and that the axis counter offensive would be difficult to stop 93 MILE ADVANCE BY REDS IN S W REPORTED On the Russian front soviet dis patches reported a 93 mile advance by Marshal Semeon Timoshenkos armies somewhere on the south west Ukraine front along with the recapture of 90 populated places Russian naval dispatches de clared in a summary of far north operations that soviet submarines had been playing havoc with nazi transports attempting lo supply German fortes above fie Arctic circle do him good it offers a measure of protection to southern Ire land as a whole which she would not otherwise enjoy Prime Minister Eamon de Va lera has protested that the Ameri cans landed in northern Ireland without prior consultation of his government Turning to criticism of setbacks m the southwest Pacific Church ill said that if Britain had re duced her help to Russia she would have been better prepared and Malaya But he added we did not make such a reduction and I be hove that the vast majority of opinion in the house and coun try indorses our decision now even after the events in the far east have taken place Wont Replace Car Use Stamps Which Are Lost DES MOINES collec tor of internal revenue will not replace automobile use stamps which are stolen or lost officials announced In such situations owners must file an affidavit giv ing necessaryinformation and it may then be possible for the col lectors office to give some form of evidence of purchase having been made they said Stamps must be purchased by Fcb 2 thcv added f GUINAZU SAVED AS PLANE FALLS Air Liner Carrying Argentine Delegation Plunges Into Sea RIO DE JANEIRO air liner carrying Enrique Ruiz Gui nazu foreign minister of Argen tina and other delegates home from the Rio de Janeiro Pan American conference fell into the sea Thursday but all aboard were saved Ruiz Guinazu suffered a chest injury He was picked tip by a launch and taken to the naval school hospital The accident occurred at 930 a m n m EST as the plane was taking off from the Rio de Janeiro airport Besides Ruiz Guinazu 11 other members of the Argentine dele gation were aboard the plane Gets License to Drive Horse Drawn Hack BOSTON dUSCharlcs Singer 49 of Roslmdale applied Thursday for a license to operate horse drawn hacks and sleighs He is a taxicab operator Allied Success in Macassar Strait Greatly Reduces Jap Chances ofAttaining Java By LOMS F KEEMLE Of the United Press War Desk i costly mistake as the battle of Macassar f JaPanese will have materiallv reduced their chanceof attaining their East Indies objectives before the united nations accumulate sufficient forces to drive them out Japans apparent failure to provide sufficient airprotection for towird Tfv vesfels which she sent into the narrow strait loudiQ java seems unless the Japanese underesti mated the air and naval strength of the allies in r that area The upshot was that near ly a third of tho vulnerable fleet has been destroyed cripple d with the esti mated loss of about 35000 Japanese The battle is report ed still in prog F R TO SPEAK ABOUT FEB 22 Will Give Report on Progress of Wai Effort in Radio Talk WASHINGTON PjFresident Roosevelt expects to tell the na tion by radio about he progress iim oruisn are expressing ot the war effort around Feb 2J t that the surviving ships ard the white house said Thursday HJll be sufficien tllst th KEEMLE ress The British are expressin that the surviving ships be sufficient for a successful attack on the presumed objective the island of Java If this proves true it will be by far the most important score made by the allies in the war to date It would probably be at least a month before the Japanese could assemble the ships men and equipment necessary for an other such expedition The time gamed would be of utmost value to the united nations whose flow of planes ships and material to the far east increased in propor tion as he weeks pass The results of the Macassar battle strikingly illustrate the imporUnce of air power in this had had sufficient planes along with the convoy disaster prob ably would not have overtaken it Bombers flying fortresses and fighters are what the United States intends to pour into the far east in ensuing months Some observers estimate that by next May the united nations will have passed the low point of armed inferiority and be in a position to strike telling blows at the over extended Japanese positions It is of utmost importance for the Japanese to take Singapore and if possible Java before then Once entrenched in the great British naval base and on the richest island in the Indies they will be hard to dislodge These are therefore he most critical days of the war and will shape the future course of the de cisive struggle to come They will m effect determine the length of the conflict The success of Macassar while most gratifying to the allies has not caused undue optimism Other news from the far east is not on the bullish side The Japanese are pressing close to Singapore and the island took preliminary precautions for a siege by ordering the evacua tion of part of he north shore The Japanese also are active in Borneo making a landing at Pcmangkat on the west coast This may be an attempt to flank Singapore from the east It also may be a move to take over Bor neo as a base for the drive on Java but the former is more likely The size of the landing force does not indicate any opera tion on the scale of the convoy which was attacked in the Strait of Macassar Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued mild temperatures Thursday after noon and Thursday night with occasional light rain or snow Thursday night Fresh to occa sionally strong winds IOWA Continued mild tempera ture Thursday afternoon occa sional light snow colder ex treme west Thursday night fresh to occasionally strong winds MINNESOTA Light snow north Thursday afternoon light snow and somewhat colder over en tire state Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 35 Minimum Wednesday night 29 At 8 a m Thursday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 2S Minimum K uiu AllulsUeiy that by that time it is quite possi ble he will have things of impor tance to say Presidential Secretary Stephen Early disclosed Mr Roosevelts in tention to speak about the time ot George Washingtons birthday He said that the white house had been receiving by mail telegram and orally many requests that the chief executive make another fire side chat to the country to dissi pate poisonous and troublesome rumors and insofar as possible to give the country a clearer and bet ter understanding of the war and all that it involves He said the president did not feel that the present was a very good time to talk to the people be more propitious Sentenced for False Time Card Claims COUNCIL BLUFFS 5 District Judge Charles A Dewey sentenced George E Krudxvig and Raymond K Sonnenberg work ers at the Des Moincs ordnance plant to six months each in prison after they pleaded guilty Wednes day to false time card claims Thev admitted listing worth al time worked during the week of Dec 9 but for three days of the week were at the plant only to check in and out POTATO PRICES RISE DES MOINES here said potatoes have increased as much as 10 cents a peck during the past several weeks Prices rose during the early January cold spell and have maintained since because many growers arc low on supplies and attempting to conspiracy indictment hold on to dwindling stocks they named Charles T Takahashi and exDlamed Edward Y Osawa Seattle ex porters M Ukuta Koh Kohno all Japanese and M H Kiang Chi Favor Conservation District WAUKON a 202 to 27 nose vote Allamakcc county land own ers approved a plan to organize a county soil conservation district under state law YANKS BRITISH SHOOT DOWN 13 JAP AIRPLANES Its Texas Day Over Rangoon Area but lowan Also Bags a Warplane RANGOON Burma shooting Yankee and British com bat pilots wiped out a Japanese fighter plane sweep over the clouddecked Rangoon area Thursday afternoon destroying al least 13 enemy planes and possi bly four more without a loss in their own squadrons The smashing blow to the Jap anese added to the already glisten ing fighting record of the Ameri can volunteers and the British pilots who Wednesday knocked down seven raiders and chased oft 30 others at a cost of but a single plane whose pilot bailed out un hurt This was Texas day in the air Sandy a pilot from San Antonio brought down three planes and boosted his fofal to five in two days since he was transferred here from volun teer service in China Bill another San Antonio vol unteer downed one Japanese plane Thursday bringing his Bur ma total to seven Turk from San Saba landed safely with a bullet graze across and said Now Im his forehead really mad Jack a squadron leader from N Y added another victory to his string as did Noel a slim blond flyer from Randalia Iowa and Frank Since thestartiBTiffitiaT1 from the allied nations have chalked up 111 Japanese planes known to have been shot down over Burma and Thailand and since last Friday ihe American volunteers alone have knocked down approximately 50 in Hie Rangoon area Four Japanese and One Chinese Indicted on Conspiracy Charge SEATTLE Wash indictments accused four Japanese and one Chinese Thursday of conspiring to export military equipment and munitions to Japan in violation of export regulations Kenji Ito and Thomas Masuda American born attorneys were charged m another indictment with acting unlawfully as Japa nese agents They will be ar raigned Saturday The conspiracy indictment Buy your defense savings stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy or at the GG business office Torpedoed Tank Survivors A trio of survivors of the torpedoed tanker Francis E Powell are shown above on their arrival in Lewes Del Left to right Second Engineer Carroll Walker who sight ed the rescue ship Chief Officer William S King of Phila delphia and Seaman Ernest Brown of Groves Tex Allies Told to Stop Japs in Macassar LONDON The London Daily Mail jn a dispatch from Ledrje Sailer its correspondent in Batavia said Thursday that the Japanese invasion fleet under at tack in Macassar strait is intent on a full scale invasion of Java and allied orders are to turn it back at all costs Java is the headquarters of the allied supreme command in the southwest Pacific The dispatch described the fleet us a great convoy of warships troop transports and supply ves ships altogether The total of ships now des troyed is 28 the dispatch contin ued Compilations from united nations communiques make the total 3B sunk or damaged But it is estimated that B5 ships carryin 150000 troops with their full equipment still remain afloat The threat to Java though reduced still is very real i understand that Gen Sir Archibald P Waved allied su preme commander has ordered that at all costs the enemy fleet must be forced back Sailer add ed The remains of is split into three groups and it is a major problem for the allies to keep each group accurately placed so that attacks can be maintained Continuous Japancse bombing of allied airfields in southeast Borneo anc northwest Celebes from which our reconnaisance planes must operate has ham pered operations AUSSIEPLANES JilWAP SHIP Third Attack on Nippon Forces in Rautjaul Is Reported by R A A F MELBOURNE Australia Australian aircraft scored a di rect hit on one Japanese ship and probably hit another despite bad visibility ii their third attack on Rabaul New Britain since the island port was occupied by the Japanese an R A A F commu nique said Thursday All the Australian planes re turned to their base Four of the 11 Japanese ves sels known to be at Rabaul wee reported previously to have been knocked out of action by damee from the Australian raiders Reconnaissance flights over the Bismarck archipelago ot which Hew Britain is a part were re ported to have disclosed no de velopments of major importance Formation of a special peoples army trained on the lines of Brit ams home guard for protection of the commonwealth against in vasion is to be discussed by Army Minister Francis M Fordo and Maj Gen Verno Sturdee chief of the Australian general staff OPPOSEANOTHER HAWAIIAN PROBE House Naval Committee Votes Down Congress Inquiry by 14 to 6 WASHINGTON Iioise naval committee refused Thur day by a vote of 14 to l to un dertake a supplementary con gressional inquiry jio Ihe pearl Harbor disaster The vote came on a motion 1o request the documentary evidence collected by the presidents spe cial commission headed by Jits tho tragedy means no investigation at this time by this committee ttc clared Representative Maas R Minn ranking republican mem ber of the committee Chairman Vmson DGa declined to elab orate on the announcement be yond saying that motion has been tabled by a 14 to 5 vote Mother of Late Senator Murphy Dies in Dubuque DUBUQUE WMrs Anna Maria Murphy 94 mother of the late United States Senator Louis Murphy died in Mercy hospital here early Thursday She had benn seriously ill for several weeks The funeral mass will be offered in St Raphaels cathedral Saturday morning at ft oclock BATTLE RAGES ONLY 30 MILES FROM BIG BASE Australians Inflict 200 Casualties in Counter Drive Against Japs By ROGER D GREENE Associated 1rcss Mar Editor The fateful battle for Singapore raged only 3D miles away in the jungles of southern Malaya Thurs day and as zero hour ap proached the world awaited an answer to the mystery of the island strongholds defenses A British communique acJtiiouledffod that Japanese vanguards had advanced within 30 miles of Johore strait which separates Singapore island from the mainland hut declared that bayonet wicldinjr Australians had successfully countcral taclccd anil inflicted about 200 casualties On the Malay east coast older Japanese columns had apparently driven to a point 40 miles north east of Johore strait with heavy fighting reported at Ulu Scciili British headquarters said im perial defense troops were in contact with the Japanese central front spearhead near Layans Layang a town on the main Singa pore railroad 30 miles above Jo hore strait A milewide strip was being cleared along the strait in prepara tion for the hattle of Singapore island iUelf t Paramount were these ques qucstions 1 Will Singapore with its ear EhaUoring 18inch guns turned toward the sea become another Maginot defenseless shell when attached from the rear 2 Or have ihe British erected defenses at the lower tip of the Malay peninsula guarding the milewide water barrier to Singa pore island from the north Prewar dispatches from Singa pore told of giant guns so power ful their detonations would burt car drums at 100 yards and knock pictures from walls within a radius of several miles But as the hour of crisis ncarecl it remained to be seen1 whether the great inally built as m impregnable defense bastion against attack by have become outmoded under modern conditions of aeria warfare 2 PHONG DUIVE IS LAUNCHED BORNEO Meanwhile Japans invasion hordes launched a new hvo prongcd drive into Dutch West Borneo sharply threatening th chief city of Pontianak south rf the White Rajah kingdom of Sarawak Pontianak lies 400 miles cast across the China sea from Singa pore and about 500 miles northeast across the Java sea from Batavia the Dutch Indies capital An N E I communique said seaborne Japanese troops landed at Pcmanickaf 85 mites north of Pontianak while Japa nese land forces struck flown from JananesecciHipicil Ku chtiiK the capital ot Sarawak firm resist ance the Japanese are obtaining local successes while Pontianak is being threatened the Dutch com munique said All important objectives on the spot have been destroyed by us Official dispatches said Dutch troops were continuing stubborn resistance against other Japanese forces which landed earlier at Balik Papan big oil port in cast Borneo and near Kcndari on Celebes island Celebes lies across tiie narrow Macassar strait from Borneo An official Tokio broadcast aid Japanese troops by Tuesday night hnrl wnotntrrl to a noint 12 miics southeast of Aycr Hitnm bringing them within 3G miles of Johoie strait The broadcast said Japanese forces were hammering incessant ly at British mechanized units trapped in the west coastal marshes Big Scale Air Attack Made Against Munster LONDON planes in a big scale offensive during the nigbt attacked objectives in Ger many Holland Belgium and France the air ministry said Thursday in a communique It was indicated that the main al tack was mnde on the west Ger man railroad md industrial cen ter ot Munslcr ;