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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 29, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HARLO E R HIST MEW A3 D r OK I 0 D S 0 I 0 I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 29 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT j v u vj iiii a JLtJMu iwu SECTIONS FINNS KILL 1250 REDS IN 2 BATTLES New Law to Protect SHIPS ON AST Witnesses By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist The first new law enacted at the current session of congress and signed the other day by Presi dent Roosevelt purported to be for the protection of w it n e s s es before congres sional commit tees A lot of such witnesses un do u btedly do need protection but that this law will afford it to them is questionable Stewart Before an or dinary court the regularly judi cial type ol tribunal a witness has certain rights There arc quer ies that he cant be forced to answer He cant be bullyragged and browbeaten The judge wont permit it Various rules of evi dence are observed No rules prevail at a congres sional inquisition Probably pub lic opinion would balk at allow ing a committee of investigators to torture a witness physically to ex tract information from him but some of them dont stop far short of that They certainly do torture an occasional victim mentally They literally put a recalcitrant witness in jail now and then for contempt of congressional author ity Wont Curb Probers Now if this new law were de signed to curb the congressional investigators it would be all right from the witnesses standpoint Butthat isnt the ideaTThenotion is to penalize any outside influence which may seek to muzzle a wit ness No strings are put on the investigators They can continue to be extralegal as ever they were That even outside interference can be altogether prevented seems doubtful For instance suppose an employe of some big companj tes tifies at a congressional quiz in a fashion that his bosses disapprove of They can fire him for it after ward for some ostensible reason entirely independent of his testi mony However theoretically the laws for the witnesses protection Whether or not you approve of thc congressional method of con ducting investigations depends on which side your sympathies are on in any given instance Depends on View Assume for the sake of argu ment that youre a conservative and that a conservative committee is trying to prove the undesirabil Ity of one liberal policy or an other Putting a conservative wit ness on the stand the committee is as polite as pie to him Being a conservative yourself this looks to you like perfectly proper pro cedure Then the committee gels after a liberal gosh it does bedevil him As a conservative you indorse his be devilment too But if youre a liberal Oh in that case you denounce that com mittee as the untairest thing ever invented It also works vice versa If a committees liberal all liberals proclaim it to be a model all con servatives speak of its activities as perfectly courageous A Sincere Committee Now and then a committee is honestly constructive in its aims One such is Senator Joseph C OMahoneys socalled monopoly committee Thc Wyoming senator takes the position that our legisla tion of years ago no longer fits our present business conditions and is trying to discover from all sorts of good authorities what changes arc desirable He isnt attempting to make out any particular case He simply wants enlightenment no matter from WHAT source He treats HIS witnesses as advisers The average congressional in vestigation though is launched by some statesman who knows in ad vance exactly what conclusion ho prefers to have arrived at A wit ness who agrees with him is han dled like a longlost brother A witness who disagrees assuredly needs he can get it than it would be with TOO many not rules of evidenrp Jan 20 YEAR AGO Maximum RITES TO BE TUESDAY DAVENPORT Funeral services for Car E 78 president of the chain of TriCity and Muscattne drug stores vho died Saturday night will be held Tuesday GERMANS BOMB BRITISH COAST Most Widespread Raids Yet Attempted Made Nazis Later Driven Off LONDON German bomb m ing planes were reported to have attacked British ships along 400 miles of Britains east coast Mon day in the most widespread raids on shipping yet attempted in the war Attacks on vessels were re ported from the mouth of the River Tay in the north to the Kentish coast in the south They continued from shortly after 9 a m to midday Antiaircraft guns burst into action m the Tyncside area and anraid warnings were sounded in n number of northeast coast dis tricts British fighters were credited with driving off the bombers The raiders over the Shetlamls dropped small bombs but no re ports of damage were received in London Ships reporting attacks were listed as the British Officer 6390 ons Athnll Monarch Dan ny Bryn Slanburn 2881 tons Otterpool 4867 tons Knilslcy 2272 tons Wellpark 4640 tons and the 5831 ton Imperial Mon arch off the Scottish coast which reported that the attack ing bombers were driven off bv British fighters were dropped near the Llanwern in Tyne a hitihe British re ported The German raids came on a day of bitter winter weather which brought British rail and highway traffic to a state des cribed as memory the most chaotic in Violent explosions were heard at sea off a north Yorkshire re sort before the first air raid warning sounded in four towns along the northeast coast An aiiministry communique said no enemy aircraft crossed the coast When the raiders were sighted oft the northeast coast about 9 a m 3 a m it said air raid warnings were sounded roy at The public calmly took shelter one undisclosed inland York shire town when observers re ported what they believed were a number of German raiders Air raid precaution organizations went to their posts In one town bus and rail traf fic continued running Allclear signals ended the alarm throughout the area at short intervals Scuttled as British Draw Near Thc Waiussi 9521 tons Is pictured A British patrol plane had sighted he aboard were reported rescued Leaders in Farm Bloc Defer Parity Drive House Committee to Continue Slashes in Agriculture Measure WASHINGTON bloc leaders in the house have decided to perhaps drop alto annual campaign for rnore than 5200000000 for parity payments to help swell agricul tural income They said Monday that the con gressional economy drive plus the uncertainities of European war made it inadvisable to try to add that sum to the agriculture department appropriation bill which will go before the house Tuesday Chairman Jones D the house agriculture committee who lias been an active proponent of parity payments commented It may be that developments abroad will force prices up to a point where parity will not be needed as badly Parity payments arc designed lo raise a farmers purchasing power to the 19091314 level President Roosevelt omitted par ity payments from his budget rec ommendations asked for a fund for KEPOUTS S875 ROBBERY ST PAUL bandits forced a druggist to open thc safe m his store Sunday night and escaped with S875 after binding their victim Sansby iu IIIK artm and then took which he had in his pocket He suggested 5781000000 for all agriculture department activities for the next fiscal year Congress voted about 51200000000 for the current year but that included S22a000000 for parity payments and about for road funds which under the presidents reorganization program will be in another bill It was undprslood that the house appropriations committee which has slashed more than Sm000000 from Hip presidents budget recommendations on other bills would continue its economizing when it approves me uuuuiigi thc farm bil1 Tuesday wire Harry The subcommittee which wrote victim with wire Harry subcommittee which wrote y told police the men forced Pe mcasuve already is reported to t pistol point to open the safe i lavc cut more than ODD ten took which he had from thc measure The Weather WEEKLY FORECAST IOWA Fair IMonday and Tuesday somewhat colder in central and cast Monday night somewhat warmer Tuesday ex cept in extreme northeast i MINNESOTA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday ris L ins temperature Tuesday and in extreme northwest laic Monday HHVA SHIPPERS FORE CAST FOR MONDAY MGHT Northwest 5 northeast zero southwest 10 southeast 5 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Sunday 25 Minimum Sunday night 6 At 8 a m Monday g Sundays maximum tempera ture was the highest recorded since Mary members have that expenditure reductions are preferable to additional taxes or an increase in the present S45 000000000 debt limit Both the senate and the house had only routine business Mon day The only new topic coming before congress this week will be consideration of Japanese em em bargo proposals on Wednesday by the senate foreign relations com eas he can get it I nignest recorded since My own observation is that the Sunday night also marked despite its faults is better first that llle mercury i an if tlrt U tlQ Tint riirmoH nn e mrcury had not dipped below zero since Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum in nijjhl At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum RECOVEMONEY TAKEN JAN 13 HAMPTONIt was learned from a reliable source Monday that the SlOOO stolen from the railway express office safe here on Saturday Jan 13 has been returned Officials refused how ever to reveal the manner in which the money was located or any other details pertaining to its LOOK INSIDE FOR VIVIEN LEIGH Named CoRespondent in Divorce of Olivier PAGE 2 Corn Show Institute at Garner Feb 56 PAGE 3 Mason City Catholic Schools in Cage Test PAGE 11 Mother of 21 Gets Nazi Golden Cross BERLIN sisters ai Schloberg near Tittmoning Ba varia were awarded the nazi gol den mothers cross of honor Mon day for having borne a total of 82 children One ot thc sisters has had 21 children LOCAL DENTIST ILLNESS VICTIM Dr Harry Cunningham Funeral Will Be Held on Tuesday Afternoon Dr Harry E Cunningham prominent Mason City dentist died at his home 60 Crescent drive Saturday afternoon follow an illness of more than two years Heart disease was the cause of death Funeral services will be held at the Major funeral home Tuesday afternoon at oclock with Dr C E Flynn of the First Methodist church in charge The American Legion of which Dr Cunningham was a member will also have a part in the services with the cus tomary firing squad and bugler Thc body will lie in state at the Major funeral home until Tuesday afternoon Dr Cunning ham was a member of the Con gregational church Dr Cunningham who opened a dental office here 20 years ago when he was discharged from the army twice made an effort to return to his practice during his illness only to suffer relapses More than two years the dentist suffered an attack of coro nary thrombosis He suffered an other in September 1938 and a third 11 months ago He suffered renewed attacks Saturday from which he failed to recover Dr Cunningham was born on a farm near Allerton Sept 13 1891 He received his degree in dentistry at the State University of Iowa in 1915 and started practicing his profession in Hampton At Iowa City he was a charter member ol the Delta Sigma Delta Pi dental fraternity Dr Cunningham enlisted in the army in August of and was commissioned a lieutenant in thc at dental corps In 1S18 prior to sail ing for France he was commis sioned a captain In France he was stationed in the 251st field return Two Teeth at Birth ST JOSEPH Mo pGlenn Robert Ross eight days old hasnt complained yet about the hospitai food but he may ask any day now for something besides got two teeth He had them when he was up jn front where they would show His parents arc Mr and Mrs T N Ross By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS H E L S I N K I Soviet bombers driven off capital Finnish troops block relief column trying to reach sur rounded Russian forces P ARIS firing breaks quiet of western front air raid alarms sound in northeast Britain as Royal Air Force planes drive off German raiders TOKIO Japan frames new protest to Britain against seizure of German seamen from Japanese boat TIENTSIN Tightened Japanese blockade brings food shortage to British and French concessions hospital He was made a major early in November of 1918 and returned to the United States in August of 1U19 Following his discharge al Camp Dodge he came to Mason City in November 1319 In June 1922 he was married to Miss Virginia Oliver Abilene Kans graduate nurse from thc Methodist hospital at DCS Moines whom he met in thc capital while in the service Mrs Cunningham as well a one brother Willis Cunningham Allerton two sisters Miss Blanche Cunningham Allerton and Miss Marie Cunningham Carroll two nephews and one niece survive him His oldest brother John Cun ningham Omaha died a year and a half ago Mrs Cunningham was at thc Mercy hospital Monday suffering from exhaustion as result of the long siege of illness at her home Dr Cunninghams sister from Car roll and a nephew Robert Cun ningham from Omaha arrived to assist in making arrangements for the funeral AFL Reports Decrease in Jobless in U S WASHINGTON Mj The American Federation ot Labor said Monday that 1357000 more persons had jobs in December 1939 than in the same month year ago The unemployed num 9379000 in December bered 1939 thc federation said com pared with 10165000 in Dcccm ocr 1938 POISON VICTIM Beckman Admits Taking Life of Employer for Back Wages Grumbling DUBUQUE Attor ney John L Duffy said Monday that he would file a barge of murder against Anton Beckman 48 year old farm hand on the basis of a new confession signed late Sunday night by Beck man that he had poisoned his em ployer becausu the latter had not paid him back of the la plaining L back wages and because Although the hospital pi latters incessant com Ilentlv displayed a Red Cross laming soviet planes swooped low and The county attorney said that ropped a bomb through the cen eckman in his new tc of thc Aiding Beckman in his new confession admitted buying thc bottle of carbolic acid in a Dubuque drug store last week and using it to poison Charles E Ott prominent Dubuque county farmer who died early Friday morning in his farm home on the Millville road three miles west of Dubuque The county attorney said he planned to file the murder charge Monday afternoon Meanwhile Sheriff L J Eisbach took Beck man out to the Ott home to re enact the crime Thc sheriff said Beckman now admits throwing the missing poison bottle out of the window after administering the poison to his employer Only the cap of the bottle has been found County Attorney Duffy said Beckman claimed that Ott owed him money and that he became tired pE listening to his employ ers incessant groaning and com plaining while the two were snowbound at the farm last week Finally Duffy said Beckman explained that he made his way to Dubuque bought the poison and used it to kill Ott when the latter informed him he would dis charge him without paying him back wages due him In an earlier confession Beck man said he had given the poison lo Ott at the request of Ott British Transportation Crippled by Cold Wave B E F Leaves Delayed LONDON wintry weather crippled British transpor tation systems Monday a n d caused postponement of sched uled home leaves for the British expeditionary force in France The war office announced that the B E F home leaves had been postponed owing to intensely se vere weather conditions but the public was assured the royal air force remained ready for instant action The Southern railway appealed to the public to avoid unnecessary travel IOWA WEATHER IS WARMING UP Mercury Returns to Nearly Normal Level as Skies Are Clear DES MOINES tcm peaturcs warmer than they had been in 17 days Iowa enjoyed a nearly normal January week end and the weather bureau said it would be somewhat warmer Tuesday A far cry from last weeks bit ins subzero niinimums the low est temperature in Iowa Sunday night was B above zero in Mason City H was 8 above zero at Charles City Iowa Falls had 10 above and Dubufjue 12 above Sundays highest reading was 34 degrees at Kcokuk Thc mercury ranged about 2 degrees below normal Monday morning the bureau said with considerable cloudiness reported and northwesterly winds No precipitation was reported in the last 24 hours The south seemed to be the re cipient of the frigid cold wave that moved out of Iowa Saturday the bureau said Gordonsville Va had a 15 below zero minimum and Rich mond Va 12 below H was 4 below at Knoxville Tenn and Miami Fla had n 29 degree mini mum and Tampa Fla 28 thc bureau reported FIKE DESTROYS CHURCH SIOUX CITY de stroyed thc Knox Presbyterian church here Saturday night with loss estimated at 515000 CHARGE IOWAN 23 Killed in DRIVE INVADERS IN MURDER OF BACK IN EAST By WEBB MILLER WITH THE FINNISH ARMY Karelian Isthmus UR Soviet bombs struck a Red Cross military hospital Monday killing 23 per sons including four women Most he casualties were wounded FRONT FIGHTING Soviet Planes Try to Raid Helsinki But Are Forced to Leave Of 30 persons in the hospital when Hie red army bombers scored a direct hit only seven were saved The dead were burned in the hospital which burst into flames as soon as it was struck promi sign ss sgn the soviet planes swooped low and Within a matter of minutes thc entire structure was ablaze Seven ot the dead were men wounded so seriously in recent fighting at tlin front that they were in bed luo of the women who were killed were girls of the Lotta bvaerd organization the Finnish women s auxiliary The other two of the Lotta Svaerd organization have been killed in thc line of I reached the scene of the ex plosion and fire shortly after the Tle buildneabout 200 feet long was burning like a blazmgr furnace throwing up flames and sparks and HgtiUng the whole countryside Splotches of blood flecked the snow All efforts to retrieve the bodies tailed Only one torso was pulled out of the flames as I watched H was wrapped in a blanket Appar ently it had been the body one of the Lotta Svaerd girls but it was charred and could scarcely be recognized as the remains of what a few minutes before had been a human being An officer beside me saluted as the body wns brought out The hospital stood on thc out skirts of a small village not far behind the front line on thc Kare han isthmus There was no mili tary objective anywhere near it The village was merely a tiny hamlet with one church The hos pital once had been a large manor JOCK TO TAKE PRO GRID POST Coach Sutherland Will Handle Brooklyn Squad m National League PITTSBURGH Dr John Bam Sutherland who resigned last March as football coach at the University of Pittsburgh Monday readied an agreement to coach the Brooklyn Dodgers in the National Professional league Evcept for coaching the eastern college allstars against the New Giants last September in 1 clianfy game Sutherland had re mained out of coaching since his resignation at Pitt Dan Topping wealthy owner ot the Dodgers came to Pittsburgh Sunday to complete negotiations that were begun several weeks ago with Sutherland V His contract which will be signed in New York Wednesday is for three years and althoug financial terms were not revealed VinnnC ranSes between SlOOO 31Ki 515003 a year HELSINKI Finnish ngli command reported Monday hat its troops had killed more than 1250 Russians in two battles in which the invaders were driven back on the eastern front V v About 800 Russian troops were kilted and 160 taken pri soner northeast of Lake LatJopa the army reported and in the AiUojoki sector to thc south the enemy left more tlian 450 dead on the field While thc Finns were acknowl edging bitter fighting on the east ern front soviet planes tried to raid Helsinki but were driven off by antiaircraft fire after causing two alarms The fighting northeast ot Lake Ladoga became very fierce in character the army communique suid Our troops repulsed all the enemys attacks and captured a few enemy strong points Finnish officials said the Rus sians had bombed 10 localities in Uusimaa coun Savo province in the north and also a coast town on the Gulf of Bothnia Sunday They said 250 bombs were dropped but that casualties and material damage were slight Enemy airmen ajiin re vealed brutal methods an offi cial statement declared In one instance marhinecunninr wor shipers as they were ieavinr church in a small village also machinegunning one hospital and a passenger train One bomb fell on thc roof of a hos pital but did not cause serious damage Soviet field guns were pump ing thousands of shells into Fin lands Karelian Isthmus defenses apparently to relieve the hard pressed fragments of four red di visions on thc Ijikc Ladoga front The Russian offensive aimed at Finlands Mannerhcim line ap peared to be faltering ant shaping into a retreat with extremely heavy losses The Finnish communique Sun day mght said Russian attacks in the Ladoga region were weaker Saturday although thc enemys losses in killed mounted in the course of thc day to some hun dreds Military quarters interpreted thc Russian attacks as rear guard action to permit reorgan ization of forces in thc hope of making a stronger stand with arrival of supplies and rein forcements Heavy artillery attacks on thc Isthmus line wore seen as a pos sible attempt to draw Finnish forces from the Ladoga front to bolster thc Isthmus defenders vn IJUL ivjvtiiitti cinecrairf ctor siiH AT ihrthcTnlafv gr e 11 Id 1 IUU SUlRlV I IlnrtflC nntiirrvnn TTJ i J int Plan to Speed Alaska to Buenos Aires Road CHICAGO Plans to speed completion of the projected Inter Amcrican highway from Fail banks Alaska to Buenos Aires will he discussed it n meeting of the American Road Builders as sociation Charles M Upham en gineerdirector said Monday e United States and 36 other nations attended the fivcdsy convention German Pocket Battleships Proved Failures French Say Report Nazis Decided lo Scrap Plans for Building Similar Boats PARIS French admir alty war summary asserted Mon day that Germanys pocket bat tleships long a naval sensation and until the recent battle of Mon tevideo an enigma havc proved failures except as commerce raid ers Thc Montevideo battle in which three light British cruisers bat tered the pocket battleship Ad powcrfully armored ships it was asserted It was reported Unit Germany had decided to scrap plans for tnrcc more pocket battleships and concentrate instead on line battle ships of thc 26000 ton Scharnhorst class Hiitl ships of 33000 to 41 000 tons Naval sources reported 1hal Germany was sending out a new wave of submarines to attack nl hed and neutral merchant ship ping It was emphasized that UJIIP II Wt n ships arc misnamed a pocket bat Germany had at Vtar of h S was argued In thc Montevideo fluent Uboats to con nuc ;