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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 28, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and UnlUd Press Pull Wire MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KOLO Alison Cily Sunday p n WO1 Amei Tuesday p JJSU1 city WednesSay p WTAU QQtaey m Frjdiy K6CJ SioDX clly gl A Few Thoughts on Municipal Government A couple years ago I presented a commentary in which I con cluded that the city manager form of government is the besl yet contrived in the mind of man Two months later as a sort of index to the influence I wield in my home town voters went to the polls and by a majority of 135 votes decided to abandon the city manager form of government But Im of the same opinion still I dont discourage easily In fairness however I must admil that the return o the aider manic and jnayor form hi Mason City has not brought the penalties which I had to an uncommonly able mayor ana a cooperative council I still think however that un der the framework of a city man ager plan any can achieve the most efficient eco nomical and democratic govern ment Moreover Im of the opin ion that the same plan could be extended with profit to county government y all the rules ot logic gov ernment ought to reach its uLtsiii lu JtJdCll 115 highest degree of efficiency on the local scene Municipal government is right under the eyes of those it governs They can see from day to day exactly what is or isnt being done Because they are neighbors they know the reputation and character of those who are doing the governing Everything about the situation would seem to invite the kind of honest efficiency that comes from close scrutiny and supervision by the stockholders But alas that isnt the way it works out in actual practice The ircth is that for notorious inef from incompe tence honest incompetence up to boodle on the Kg scale a la Hague and not only cau but often does achieve a new low In the municipal do main Tn this commentary I should like to consider with you some as pects of the whole municipal gov ernment problem Perhaps we can put our finger on some of the fac tors and influences which have militated against efficiency in the past and touch on some things that may prove helpfu in the future From the town meeting govern ment of American colonial days 3 general types of municipal gov ernmsnthave emerged The first of these was the aldcrraanic coun cil Second in the order of de velopment was the commission plan The third and most Decent historically was the councilman ager or city manager form The town meeting plan worked well so long as communities were small and there was a lively in terest in governmentjon the part of the villagers As cpmmunities grew however it was found that in practical necessity tffere had to be a delegation of authority and a utilization of the principle of representative government Thus it was that the aldermanic counci plan was born Tn its most common form the aldermanic council was made up in this manner Analderman from each ward 2 aldermen at large and a mayor elected by com munitywide vote Often if not always in the practical working out of things business of the al dermanic council became a game of logrolling and backscratching Each alderman was imbued with the idea of getting all he could for his ward The way to do this was to trade votes with other aldermen who had the same gen eral idea Three culverts here for a bridge there etc tinder such an approach deficit government is alt but inevitable The alterna tive would be increased taxes and what alderman would want to increase taxes Commission government came into being about 40 years ago in Galveston Tex as a recognition that the aldermanic council form did not contain the ultimate ans wer Itwas different in 2 or 3 im portant respects The size of the governing body was cut down by eliminating the ward representatives and having the 3 or 5 commissioners elected on a commtmitywifle basis Each commissioner is elected for a spe cific job and Is paid presumably for fulltime service While better in some respects than the aldermanic form most communities have found that the commission plan does not elim inate municipal inefficiency Not always but usually those attracted to politics by the commission gov ernment are quite ordinary men Continued on Pare 2 MASON CIIX IOWA MONDAY JANDABg 28 1946 24 LOSE LIVES FROM FIRES IN UNITED STATES 10 Persons Killed in Kansas City 4 Die in St Louis By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Twentyfour persons lost thei lives in weekend fires throughou the nation Kansas City had the most ser lous with 10 persons killed and a least 4 hurt in an apartment hous fire Six ot the dead were childrei Four died and 14 were injure in a hotel fire at St Louis In New York 3 lives were lo and 1 person was injured whe a lower east side tenement burned A residential fire in Harlem also took the life of a 4monthsol Negro baby Three men died of suffocatio at Skowhegan Me when fire con sumed the oxygen in a cabin in which they were sleeping Th blaze believed started by a cigar ette had burned itself out whet firemen reached the scene Tu6 other suffocation deaths re suited in a Chicago apartmen hotel fire and 1 person was in jured The victims were women At Monroe La flames sweepint through part of a small hole killed one and injured six Blazes at three other places lef heavy property damage with sev eral reported hurt Winddriven flames swep through 10 business buildings ii the heart of Charleston W Va and in which 4 were injured A business district conflagration a Columbia Term caused an es timated damage of In New York harbor the 3537 ton cargo ship Jacob Luckenbach anchored a mile south of the sta tue of libertyhada fire in its hoi which raged more than a hourbe tore crew members and fire boat brought it under control A 14yearold boy died at For Atkinson Wis when fire de stroyed a lakeside cottage His 15 yearold companion crossed lake ce while barefooted in sub zero temperature to go for aid SENATOR URGES MILITARY TALKS Advocates World Disarmament Session Washington Tyd ings DMd demanded in the senate Monday that President Truman immediately call a world disarmament conference to pre rent an atomic world war Interrupting the senate fili buster against the fair employ ment practices bill the Maryland democrat said he doubted that the united nations action for control of the atomic bomb would be suc cessful to initiate successfully a task of this magnitude the senator said after pointing out that all the re maining great world powers are rearming to the teeth Because Germany and Japan are not to be permitted to rearm Tyd iags said there is this situation It is as plain as the nose on ones face that the great armed forces of our own country are be ing maintained principally for possible use against Russia Brit ain France or China since Ger many and Japan are to be kept disarmed f Is it not plain too that Russia is maintaining TT armed forces for possible nse against Britain or the United or France or China Tydings introduced a resolution for the world disarmament coherence as he began a lengthy prepared speech in its support Earlier the special senate com mittee on atomic energy was told by Dr Harrison Davies of the federation of atomic scientists that development of atomic en ergy must certainly be freed from every vestige military Trucker Violations Ames The state highway commission reported Monday that them crews took more last year than the opf rationsThe crews took truckers into court most of for violating overloading Total was Killed by Truck Norfolk Nebr Ben son 51 of Dunlap Iowa was struck and killed Sunday by a are truck as he crossed a down town street Officers said the truck was rushing to a fire oi IVQ stcllonsSecUon One JJO 85 STEEL STRIKE END SOON Irans Right to Appeal Is Challenged London challenges the validity of Irans appeal to th united nations security counci Monday after the chief Iranian delegate had charged the sovie union was guilty of a number6 interventions in Iranian affairs AndreiT Vishinsky the sovi ets vice commissar of foreign af fairs told the Hmember coun cil holding its first major hearing on a political issue between sov ereign nations that the Iraniai charges were raised by a govern ment no longer in power and thi claims have not sufficien grounds for action by the secor ity group A new Iranian premier Ahmed 3avam Es Saltaneh took over in Tehran during the weekend suc ceeding Ibrahim Hakimi who had nstructed the Iranian delegation to raise the issue before the UNO S H Taqizadeh chief Iranian delegate told the council the dis JUte was being brought up be cause up because it might lead to international friction Vishinsky asked specifically that the council leave the matter aside and open for solution by ne lotiations by both This would be more just and air and would be in the spirit oi good neighbors he declared Russia he continued wanted cordial relations with all nations had never refused to negotiate with Tehran andunder the UNO Charter the method of direct nego iation is the one which should irst be applied to a dispute It is much too early to say that he parties to the dispute canno ome to terms between th em elves he concluded The refus al to continue negotiations came rom the Iranian side and not the oviet side We were and are pre ared to continue these negotia ions The council adjourned until Vednesday without taking action Weather Report FORECAST ttason City Partly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday lowest Monday night 18 Colder Tues day afternoon cloudy and mild Monday night and Tuesday Colder Tuesday afternoon linnesota Partly cloudy Monday night Colder northeast and east central portions Tuesday most ly cloudy and rather cold Occa sional light snow north and cen tral portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday Maximum 29 Minimum 9 At 8 a ni Monday 19 EAR AGO Maximum jy Minimum j GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Sunday morning Maximum 9 Minimum j2 At 8 a m Sunday g STEAR AGO Maximum 28 Minimum 35 APARTMENT HOUSE FIRE KILLS 10 pours from the 3rd floor of the Winona apartaents in Kan sas City Mo where 10 children and 4 adults were burned to death Sunday morning AP FOUR DEAD IN ST LOUIS HOTEL FIRE men directstreams of water into the Alpine hotel at St Louis Mo where at least 4 persons including 1 fireman died in a Sunday morning blaze which destroyed the in terior of the building AP Wirephoto K A engr Packinghouse Company In Mason City Return to Jobs Jacob E Decker and Sons xvere back in the market for all types of livestock Monday and operations were under way iij the various de partments on schedule it was reported by p J Thogerson man ager under Armour and Co and also designated to operate the plant under federal seizure Operations are expected to be back to normal in a day or two he said explaining that it was im possible to get immediately Into full production from a dead stop Official verification that they were to return to their jobs was given to approximately 1050 members of the united packing house workers local union Sun day afternoon by their president A J Costello just returned from a meeting of the national strategy board of the union in Chicago The union is not calling off its strike Costello pointed out but is going to work for the government under a contract that entitles the workers to 4 hours work each day gave a brief of hat took place at the meetings in and said that the workers would be given the right to vote as to whether or not they would accept the results of the factfind ng board when these are made available at a later date Clarence Ramsey chairman of the strategy board of the local union presided at the mass meet ng and praised the rank and file of the union as well as chairmen of committees for the way in which they conducted the local PKipper member of the union read a statement of the unions stand which was jfiven out at Chicago II was this stand according to Costello that gave the union a fa vorable contract under which the nembers could return to their obs With plant employes of John Worrell and company at Ottumwa and the Iowa Packing company at Des Moines leading the way most if not all of Iowas 15000 striking packinghouse workers returned to vork Monday In a meeting at Ottumwa Sun day 2500 of the 3200 Morrell ilant workers voted unanimously o return to their jobs after hear ng a report from a delegate who had just relumed from a national union meeting in Chicago At Des Moines BOO of the 1 400 owa Packing company plant workers voted by a large major ty to return to their jobs The balloting endorsed the national wage policy committee stand livestock exchange officials at Sioux City previously took to the adio to tell farmers shipments of ivestock would be handled Mon ay The Kingan and company plant t Storm Lake got the jump on ther packers when a skeleton rew started Saturday afternoon to get the plant in condition for full operations Monday The 106 strikers there are members of an AFL union whose national lead ership had ordered its members back to work at the time of the government seizure Saturday Elsewhere 175 AFL union members planned to return Mon day to their tasks at the Kohrs packing plant at Davenport Union leaders said the 650 CIO members at Fort Dodge would re turn to work at the Tobin plant there and 100 striking Tobin work ers at Estherville also were ex pected to go back on the job Forty employes of Arnold broth ers at Perry 1500 of Wilson and company at Cedar Rapids and of Rath packing company at Waterloo had planned previously to return to work Monday Brian Aherne Marries New York Socialite Nyack N Y Brian Aherne and Mrs Eleanor De Liagre Labrot New York social ite were married here Sunday at the home of the brides parents Mr and Mrs Alfred De Liagre Aherne was divorced from Actress Joan Fontaine in 1944 after 5 years of marriage The ner first husband William Henry Labrot were di vorced in 1940 They had been married since 1931 and had 1 daughter Iowa Railroad Leader Dies in Boorie Home Boone H Crooks 71 president and general manager bf the Fort Dodge Des Moines and Southern Railroad company and employe of the road 38 years died Sunday at his home here after a brief illness He had been president and gen eral manager of the company about 20 years Previous to joining he Fort Dodge Des Moines and Southern Crooks was employed y the Milwaukee Railroad com pany His widow a son and 2 daughters survive Funeral ar rangements have not been com pleted Railroad Minister New Virginia H De Busk 42 year old section hand works during the week on the but on Sundays he serves n the pulpit at one of 3 churches New Virginia Christian Jroadhorn Union or Mount Tabor Methodist Although not an or dained minister be Busk said he vould keep on preaching because the Lord has blessed me in His work He is married and has 4 children STRIKES AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Approximately 1400000 workers kept idle bv labor dismiss ug to 3obs in p resumes under government control assurine ple mat supplies in few days 248000 CIO and AFL Worker JET PILOT WANTS HOP TO EUROPE Confident of New Record Across Ocean New York William H Council whose jet plane blazed to new transcontinental record Saturday would like to take a hop to Europe now Hes confident the F80 Shoot ing Star could make that trip in record time too The jetpropelled fighter piloted by Col Cnuncill fleu here from Long Beach Cal nonstop in 4 hours 13 minutes and 26 seconds The distance from Newfound land to Britain is 2200 statute miles said the colonel when I landed at LaGuardia from Long Beach I had covered 2470 miles There was enough fuel in the plane for another 450 miles too Col Councill along with his 2 partners of Saturdays cross country flight Capt John S Ba sel and Capt Martin I Smith xvere to return to their base at Wright field Dayton Ohio Mon day Babel and Smith flying 2 other 80s also beat the former trans continental time but lagged be hind Council because of stops for refueling The previous record was 5 lours 27 minutes and 29 seconds set by the B29 Dreamboat in a light last Dec 11 from Bur bank Cal to Floyd Bennett field 1 distance of 2464 miles Rural Electrification Program for Japanese Toyko The agriculture ministry is planning an extensive rural electrification program in an effort to improve the standards ot he rural classes Kyodo News agency reported Monday The agency said 10 model elec rified villages would be estab ished with electrified farms and lomes as a means of leading the vay to freedom from the feudal stic farm methods of the past Read The Message from United States Army Recruiting Service on Page 4 Expect Steel Shortage in Iowa Plants Des Moines Mon day from throughout the state in dicated the current steel strike soon may make itself felt in Iowa industry The reports showed that most plants have sufficient steel on hand to operate only a month Some plants Indicated that the steel shortage would halt their production in the noxt week or 10 days Reports from various cities follow the strike con tinues the lack of steel will af fect all Newton industry within the next few weeks Automatic Washer company officials said some departments would close Feb 10 if the strike continued Brothers company and Klauer Manufactur ing company have sufficient steel for 30 days of normal operations DES Wood Brothers Thresher company em ploying 650 persons has reduced its work week from S days to 3 after labormanagement confer ences COUNCIL BLCFFS Giant Manufacturing company has steel for 30 days of operations The steel strike will not affect the Standard Body company since its employes are 9n strike a n t s have sufficient steel for several weeks of operations SIOUX of the strike would be felt in another week with layoffs at foundries 14 Graf Spec Crewmen Escape From Internment Buenos Aires flVSanta Fe police said Monday that 14 former crewmen of the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee es caped from a camp at Villa De Guadalupe where they were in terned with 66 others Several other interned Graf Spee crewmen escaped two weeks ago from a camp in Mendoza pro vince and still are at liberty The crewmen have been in terned since the Graf Spec was sunk at the mouth of the Plata nver in December 1939 follow ing a running light with three British cruisers BACK TO WORK TREND IS SEEN BY AUTO PACTS Government Official Says Peace Advocates Gaining Upper Hand By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A high government official pre dicts the steel strike will end within a week or so This official said a settlement bloc within the steel Industry has gained the ascendance over those who would prefer to fight it out with 750000 striking CIO steel workers Thus another fillip was given Monday to a wave optimism engendered by Ford and Chrysler wage settlements resumption of meat packing under government control and railroad arbitration agreements However around 1400000 work ers continued idle in labor dis putes not counting returning meat industry workers The Washington official who is closely concerned with administra tion labor policy but cannot be identified said his forecast of a quick end to the steel strike was based only in part on the trend shown in the automotive agree ments He added there are signs within the steel industry itself that settlement advocates are gaining the upper hand Effects of the steel strike now in its eighth day were beginning to be felt in related industries where layoffs by the thousands were predicted for the next few days Almost a quartermillion work ers in the automobile and auto parts industries alone may be idle by the end the week industry officials said ttie steel wage dispute would be of greatest sig nificance in the reconversion pro gram a development more im mediate interest was resumption of slaughtering in governmentop erated meat plants With CIO and AFL workers re turning to the packinghouse housewives could look forward to more ample meat supplies pos sibly by the middle of the week A factfinding board in the meat dispute has transferred its activities from Chicago to Wash ington Secretary Agriculture Anderson acting for the govern ment in the seizure has pledged he will apply immediately for authority to put into effect any pay increases the factfinders might recommend This pledge was solicited by Lewis jr Clark CIO packinghouse workers union president before he would urge his 193000 mem bers to go to work for the gov ernment Duration of the tem porary truce declared by repre sentatives of 55000 AFL meat cut ters and bultelicr workmen atso depends on the factfinders re port The CIO wants at least 17y cents hourly pay increase and the AFL said it would accept 15 cents General Motors corporation faces union charges ot refusing to bargain in good faith with the CIO united auto workers at na tional labor relations board hear ing opening Monday in Detroit GM alone of the automotive industrys big 3 has not made its peace with the UAW Wage settle ments over the weekend will give Ford employes an 18 cent hourly wage increase and Chrysler workers an 18 cent raise The UAW insists General Mo tors must pay an increase larger than those agreed to by the other big motor makers The highest GM has offered to date is 13 cents A 19 cent raise recom mended by a factfinding board which the union said it would ac cept was rejected by the company The railroad arbitration agree ments affected IZ50000 or ap proximately 85 per cent of the countrys rail employes They were entered into by the major roads and 18 of the 20 railroad unions Conspicuously absent from the latter stages of the Chicago medi ation conferences which brought about the decision to submit wage demands to arbitration were the Brotherhood of Railroad Train men and the Brotherhood of Loco motive Engineers Representatives of these 2 groups left the confer ences because the arbitration plan did not cover rules changes asked by the brotherhoods An agreement was reached be tween the CIO electrical workers union and the Radio Corporation of America on a 17 cents an hour wage increase for 8000 Cam den N J workers Some labor circles were quick to suggest the raise might set a pattern for set tlement of the CIO strike against 3 other manufacturers of electri cal Electric westinghouse and General Mo tors ;