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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 28, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY DCS MO I COKP SVOU L THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy IBrutal Starvation and Washington pentup story of alroeities perpetrated by the MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 28 1941 HOME EDITION mn government detail Friday in sickening A joint report by the army and navy broke at last the rigid cen sorship maintained by the high command on the almost unbe lievable reports that came out of the Pacific to tell what happened the tide of Japanese conquest Compiled from the swoVn statements of officers who sur vived the starvation and torture and escaped it catalogued the infamy of a brutal enemy and Nazis Repulsed in Furious ettuno Beachhead Attack iERMANS LOSE PLANES AS IATTLES RAGE Tiger Tanks Assembled by Hitlerites on Fringe of Allied Territory Allied Headquarters Algiers Gelman 10th army acked by planes struck with fury t the allies Nettuno beachhead ut was repulsed by British srces in a battle near Carroceto a the Via Anziate 10 miles north f Anzio and 21 miles south of lome allied headquarters an Otmced Friday At the same time the Germans uffered their greatest air defeat f the Italian campaign losing at ast 50 planes in 24 hours in sky tattles over the beachhead and ver southern France where fly ng fortresses and liberators struck t 3 airfields near Marseille and ontpellier and crippled the bases which Germans raid allied hipping off the Italian coast jerman armored trains acked up almost to Rome shelled illied troops in the fanshaped eachhead area and correspond nls reports said 60ton Tiger anks were assembling along the ringes of the beachhead as the nemy recovered from his sur tise and mustered resources for Vfiery contestfor the Italian apital But Fridays communique from dvanced headquarters said Lt Jen Mark W Clarks 5th army ad enlarged its bridgehead and iken many German prisoners Associated Press Correspondent Ion Whitehead in a delayed dis atch said the British and Ameri ns had established by the end of 4th day a wedge so strong that pme now was menaced and that ftimism was running high among troops with men guns armor Id supplies pouring into a broad flie 5th army has extended ils up the coast to a point 12 north ot Anzio another re in said and Americans edged 1ward 2 miles in another sector jiursday Sir Harold Alexanders Iilian headquarters reported the lachhead was at least 5 miles lep at all points now generally T miles deep and much deeper J some points While allied tank destroyers ild columns of infantry flowed land in a steady stream special prman troops had been racedby uck into the flat almost treeless luntry and posted in farmhouses Tith machincguns in a desperate Ifort to bar the path to their Ital communications Elements of 2 German divisions le Hermann Gocring armored di and the 29th armored gren jliers now had been identified in iaults on the bridgehead I Heavy losses were exacted Thursday by the British who met the 29th and took more than 100 risoners The desperale sky tangles in hich burning German planes fell t the outskirts of Rome also lowed that the Germans were laking a desperate bid to seal off le allied threat to the eternal Ay Meanwhile captured German risoners said Adolf Hitler had iven orders to the 10th army to old fast at all costs to the Gustav ne on the old front to the south bitterest opposition offered American and French troops at icking north and south of Cas Jno during he past 24 hoars told that Ihe orders were carried out fThe Americans on that front tier plunging across the Rapido Cassinb in a flanking stab It the gateway to the Liri valley one mountain height and ide progress aaeinst others Although the Americans were louring across the Rapido in in casing numbers the Germans itroduced a new and dangerous astacle to their progress by sow hg mines in the bottoms of all ir pgation ditches which lace the rea The French farther to the rln were driven off 2 hardwon on All Belvedere by a des erate German counterattack nt the French beat off a second and balanced their loss fwmewhat by making small Mjn5 to the southwest of Belvedere TREETOP LANDING Eopes and ladders were used to rescue the pilot from this light train iner pjane after it crashed into lEgreraont Mass Although suspended SO feet in the air in the plane the pilot a student flyer was un injured Death Leaves Mystery in Local Hotel A man identified as William McBricle believed to be in his 30s died suddenly at a local hotel about a m Friday a short time after he had returned to the hotel Friday morning after reg istering early Thursday afternoon as Leo Lanton Chapin Hotel personnel said they had never seen the man before he istered and that he returned to the hotel shortly after 5 oclock Friday morning complaining that he did not feel well A physician was summoned but the cause of death is being withheld pending an investigation according to Dr R E Smiley coroner The man attempted to mumble something to the physician before his death bul it was not under standable Police are investigaling further identification The bodv was taken to Ihe McAuley and Son funeral home PROPAGANDA OF NAZIS HITS IOWA Rumors Try to Thwart Success of Bond Drive Des Moines L Clark executive manager of the Iowa War Finance committee said Fri day nazi propaganda character ized as the most vicious type and carried by rumor hit scattered cities in Iowa this week Clark said the rumor whis pered for the most part was in ef fect If you want the war to end dont buy war bonds In Des Moines it was said to have been heard on several street cars and on the bus to the arms plant Clark asserted The Muscatine county war fi nance committee reported the ru mor getting some circulation in that county and other river cities made similar reports he added The state war bond office was trying to get a definite instance of a person circulating the rumor so that it could be traced to the source The very idea that not buying war bonds would hasten the end of the war is ridiculous on the face of it Clark said Its the most damnable and unpatriotic thing weve heard since this office was opened2 years ago It sounds like the mouthings of some propaganda broadcast from Germany and on the face of it when finally traced will probably be found in the records of such broadcasts WOMAN KILLED IN BUS CRASH NEAR HUBBARD 15 Others Injured as Vehicle Hits Bridge Careens Into Tree Uubbard young woman was killed and 15 other persons were injured 2 seriously early Friday when a bus of the Jeffer son Transportation company struck a cement bridge careened into a Iree and was demolished 5 miles south of here on U S high way 65 It was uol known exactly how many passengers were aboard the Des MoiiiesMiuneapolis bus but a check of hospitals in nearby communities indicated there were 15 in addition to the driver who was one of those seriously in jured Four of 10 injured persons taken to a hospital in Iowa Falls remained there as patients in cludingone of the most seriously hurt Alex Wolfe of Austin Minn suffering from brain concussion and skull fracture Five others re mained under observation at El dora including the driver Gordon Kester of Minneapolis suffering a skull fracture and broken arm Hardin County Coroner E H Biersborn said the bus struck a corner of the bridge before plow ing into a large maple tree The top of the bus was reported sheared off by an overhanging limb The only known dead Was Mrs Wesley Rice about 23 who was reported enroutc to Belle Plaine Minn to visit her parents Her mothers name was believed to be aMrs Buzzman Ambulances and private automo biles took the victims to the hos pitals The bus left Des Moines shortly after 3 oclock and the accident occurred about oclock Thirtyfive passengers were on the Minneapolisbound bus when it left Des Moines but Clarence Lf Jeune dispatcher in Des Moines said 20 were to get off at Ames It was not known how many others boarded or got off the bus at other stops Le Jcune said the driver was Gordon Kester of Minneapolis Mrs Hice had been employed on the west coast recently Her home is at Belle Plaine The 10 victims taken to Iowa Falls were treated at Ellsworth Municipal hospital Four of those taken to Eldora were at the Me morial hospital aatf J was at a hotel Chief of Police E P Messer of Eldora said thu victims taken there and their injuries were Kester the driver skull irac ture broken arm Melvin H Dorman Fredonia K Dak back and head injuries Grace Colwell Council Bluffs cuts and bruises Mrs Frank R Johnson Eugene Ore cuts and bruises Miss Helen Billings Albert Lea Minn head and neck injuries Mrs Johnson was treated at a hotel and the others at the hos pital Of the 10 treated at Iowa Falls these 4 remained at the hospital Mrs George Newell 52 Eslon Saskalchewan Canada nose in juries and shock Theodore Anderson 22 Hamp ton Iowa head lacerations Mrs Anna Colwell Council Bluffs minor head injuries Alex Wolfe Austin Minn brain concussion skull fracture in serious condition Dismissed after treatment at the hospital in Iowa Falls Georgia Newell Rochester Minn daughter of Mrs Newell minor lacerations Pvt Ray E Plum 22 son of Mrs Anna Dolbey Des Moines severe facial cuts lacerated hands Sgt Clayton Erickson son of Mr and Mrs A J Giskaas Min neapolis shock William E Ragar 65 Ionia Mo shock Marnius Thorgeson 61 Britton S Dak chest and head injuries Donald W Walker Mason City son of Dr T S Walker Riceville Iowa minor head lacerations F R Fockler local manager of the Jefferson Transportation com pany was called to the scene of the accident early Friday morn ing of the Japanese sub ject gallant soldiers to de liberate starvation to shoot in cold blood the thirsty who seek water to watch sick men writhe and deny them medicine to horse Says Most of Bataan Heroes Are Now Dead New York Hoyt former director of OWIs domes tic branch charged Tuesday in an article released by the Ameri can magazine that the Japanese brutally murdered most of the 30000 prisoners taken at Bataan Declaring that the American people had not known this fact lor 2 years Hoyt said the Japa nese marched their American prisoners through deadly hea without water although they had thousands of available vehicles And they crushed thousands of men who did not die from exhaus tion and thirst by running trucks through their columns The article written before the army and navy disclosure Thurs day night of atrocities on Balaan and to be published in next weeks edition declared that the full blooded story of this war the most important and personal story in the history of our nation is not being properly prcsenteii to the people The lust Americans brought home from Japan aboard the Gripsholm not long ago were told officially to keep their mouths shui about Japanese Hoyl said The Japanese still hold 25000 of our nationals in their prison camps Some of our leaders were fear ful lest the Japanese punish these unfortunate hostages for any criticism leveled at the sons of heaven by the American press I dont agree If we tell the story of Japanese bestiality frankly and boldly and as part of each days news as I trust we will be gin to do before this comes to press I thing the Japanese will treat their captives even better With the war going against them they will fear to do otherwise Hoyt who now has returned to his post as publisher of the Port land Oregonian after 6 months with the OWI says he is not charging malicious obstructionism or a sinister conspiracy to with hold the truth from the people of this nation It is simply that there arc too many men in the army and navy sustained by too many like men in civil life who do not think it is necessary to keep the people informed They do not under stand the nature and psychology Americans Democracy is built on the solid foundation of news giving the truth to the people as it happens MARSHALL ISLE BASES LASHED Weaken Japs Hold on Stepping Stones By MORRIE LANDSBEKG Associated Press War Editor The allies pounded the Marsh all and Admiralty islands in in tensified air attacks seeking to weaken the Japanese hold on the invasionmenaced stepping stoncs leading back lo Ihe Philippines ana the tortured men of Balaan American bombers and fishlcrs swept in over the Marshals the 21st day of the air offensive against the mandated group of Coral islands lying halfway be tween Hawaii and the Solomons Aot a plane was lost as they com pleted a bombing weekxin which tons of explosives fell on Japanese installations Navy search planes sank 2 small ships in the first raid on Eniwelok at the northwest extremity ot the strategic island chain 300 and more north of the American captured Gilberts Seventh army airforce flyers on the same day blasted Maloelap Mili Jaluit and Kwajalein the latter with 35 tons of bombs The Japanese lost a total 1G lo 22 planes Wednesday as armv bombers hit Maloelaps Taroa airl fieldNot only was this the scene of the only enemy air interception but for the first time in the Marsh alls campaign the enemy pursued the retiring raiders Fourengincd liberators strik ing at the Admiraltys in the southwest Pacific dropped 129 Ions of bombs on the islands used by the Japanese as a staging area between their Truk bastion to the north and besieged northern New Guinea to the west It was the third consecutive air assault on the enemys base in the Bismarck sea Australian troops advancing up the coast of New Guinea pushed north Sio to narrow the gap of approximately 40 miles between Ihem and the Americans who landed at Saidor Jan 2 in a direct threat to the big Japanese base at Madang In a prcdawn attack Wednesday U S destroyers poured shells into bolh Madang and nearby Alcxishafcn comrades to beat men with two byfours to behead those who try lo escape and to bury tor tured men alive The 3 who lived to return and tell of the agony they endured Uelvyn H Mc Coy USN of Indianapolis Lt Col S M Mellnik coast artillery corps of Dumnore Pa and Lt Col William E Dyess air corps of Albany Tex Dyess is killed in a lighter plane crash RAF Starts Fields of Flame in Berlin 34 Planes Lost in Weather Report FORKCAST Mason City Fair and colder Fri day night and Saturday Lowest temperature in Mason City 15 Iowa Fair Friday night and Sat urday considerably colder Fri day night warmer west portion Saturday afternoon diminishing winds cloudiness and considerably colder Friday night wilh temperature falling to o to 10 above north and 15 to 20 above south portion Saturday mostly fair colder ast portion Diminishing winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 58 Minimum Thursday night 27 At 8 a m Friday 27 Snow uacc YFAR AGO Maximum 30 Minimum g SOLDIERS VOTE BILL FOR IOWA IS COMPLETED Only Business Left Is to Witness Signatures by Presiding Officers London ot KAF heavy night bombers touched off fields ot flame m Berhn again Thursday night in a possible coup d grace to the nazi nerve center previously described by Gen H H Arnold as three quarters siioyed Great American bombers took over the assault on Hitlers Eu rope shortly after daybreak thundering out over the general area of tlie nazis muchtouted Atlantic wall and a U S head quarters announcement said that military target in northern France had been blasted The raid in the same general area where mystery targets have been hit heavily several times in the last fi weeks was the Americans 8th this month and the 2nd ol the week The British announcement de scribed the 12th heavy assault of the obliteration campaign as very strong a statement borne out in the loss of 34 aircraft in all the nights operations Other RAF bombers hit at Hel goland the nazis mightv North Sea island fortress while still others struck at unnamed targets in western Germany and northern France and laid mines in enemy i waters For all practical purposes this latest attack in the campaign launched last Nov 18 to knoek Berlin from the air might be de scribed as a mopping up opera tion It certainly xvas not con sidered here as the last assault planned against the German cap ital but was looked upon rather as one dr the decisive finishing strokes The air ministrys communique did not announce the tonnage but it likely approached the 1500ton average of all previous heavy at tacks In this case Berlin has now heaved and trembled to more than 18000 of in a little more than 2 months Early Swedish reporfs said he raid left great fires burning in the outer districts of Berlin where most of the capitals heavy indus try is concentrated The center of the citj heavily pulverized in previous attacks apparently es caped further damage The Berlin correspondent of the Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet said the first of Thursdays bombs fell about 8 p m with the full force of the attack concentrated into about a half hour He said the raid was considered one of the worst of the 12 blows but was not on the scale of the firsl attacks Berlin making Us usual claims that the raid was a terror at tack said that great damage was done especially in residential quarters Allied planes renewed the day lighl assaults on enemy territory shortly after daybreak Thursday with light sorties over he chan nel and later a strong force of raiders was heard heading out high in the direction of Calais on the French channel coast The Aftonbladets correspon dent said Thursday nights raid ers feinted in several directions over Helgoland to confuse the German defenders Berlin broadcasts confirmed the feint tactics used by the RAF over Helgoland but asserted that nei ther lint nor the thick cloud cov ering the capital prevented the nazi fighters from closing in A Berlin correspondent of the Germancontrolled Scandinavian telegraph bureau said he received the impression that the bombers loosed mostly incendiaries over the city Thursday night Confirming lo some extent the belief that the heavy assaults have reached the moppino up stage the Aftonbladets corres pondent said a high percentage of the bombs were strewn among the ruins left in previous attacks thereby piling up destruction upon destruction DCS Moines senate completed legislative action at a m Thursday on the bill to enable lowans in the armed forces to vote in the 1944 elections The upper chamber accepted without debate the minor amend ments which had been tacked onto the bill by the house of represen tatives Under rules adopted Wednes day opening day of the special session ot the legislature the only business remaining for the lawmakers Mas to witness the sig nature of the enrolled bill by the presiding officer of each house and the customary formalities of final adjournment The senate vote was 50 to 0 Earlier Thursday morning the house passed by a vote of 107 to 0 the bill permitting men and women in the armed forces to vote by absentee ballot any time within 55 days prior to either the June primary or the Novembergenera election The lone representative who did not vote was R B Hawkins R who said he was not against soldier voting but opposed the act in principle He declared he thought the lawmakers should have enlarged the measure to in clude all lowans overseas or at distance points Hawkins has 1 son and 2 sons inlaw in service The house also approved 99 to 0 a senate bill providing that an affidavit be printed on the outside of the ballot envelope Final adjournment was set for about 4 oclock Friday afternoon Several hours are required to get the bill ready for the signatures of the presiding officers Representative Earl c Fish baugh Jr R was presiding officer as the hill passed the house Fishbaugh is the only legislator in service He is with the air corps in Florida and was granted a furlough to attend the session Speaker Henry W Burma R declared in turning the gavel over to Fishbaugh This is an occasion probably the like of which never has oc curred before in the history of the a soldier who also is a legislator is presiding as speaker during ti7e passage of an act to provide for the soldier vote Man Who Dreamed of Fire Turns In Alarm Astoria Ore alarm clanged City firemen sped into action But a phone call stopped them I often dream Im in a fire explained a sleepy naval of ficer until now I always awak ened before turning in an alarm Your newspaper boy js busy loo He will appreciale getting his money when he calls the first time at Burbank Cal recently while preparing tp return to duty in the Pacific Mellnik is with Gen Douglas MacArlhur in the south west Pacific McCoy on duty in the United States Their sworn statements in HULL PLEDGES INHUMAN JAPS TO BE PUNISHED Senator Clark Demands Japan Be Bombed Out of Existence Washington Armynavy disclosure of heartsickening mis treatment ot the gallant defend ers of Bataan and Corregidor at Ihe hands of their Japanese cap tors was followed quickly Friday SECRETARY HULL Retribution by an official promise to bring those responsible lo account Secretary of State Hull said this government has been gath ering all possible information about the treatment of American prisoners in the Pacific so that war criminals may he punished uhen the war ends Simultaneously office of war information officials said the facts about what happened lo Ameri can and Filipino troops who sur rendered in the Philippines were given to the American public after a majority of government experts on Japan had decided that pub lication of an official account might bring an improvement in the Japanese attitude toward our prisoners still in their hands Congressional shock over the disclosures was reflected in a de mand by Senator Clark D Mo that the united nations bomb Jnpan out of existence and hang the mikado in retaliation Others at the capitol described the reports of what had hap pened to our captured as almost incredible putting the Japanese beyond the pale of civilization At a news conference Secre tary Hull was asked whether tins government was making a list of the Japanese officers in the Phil ippines directly responsible for the atrocities inflicted upon American and Filipino prisoners with a view of the punishment of war criminals He said he could not sny speci fically with respect to officers in the Philippines but that the gov ernment lias been ascertaining all information possible In touching on several points of the situation disclosed by the joint armynavy report of the abuse brutality and murder of prisoners taken after the fall of Bataan and Corregidor Hull brought out that 1 The United States will per severe in pursuit of what the sec retary called a righteous under taking to continue exchanging prisoner or civilian internees with Japan 2 No one here has auv accurate idea of how much chancw there is of effecting such exchanges in the future 3 The relief supplies for allied prisoners held by the Japanese which were delivered by the Gripsholm to a Japanese vessel on the last repatriation exchange about 2 months ago have not been heard from since that time and Washington has been unable to find out whether they actually were delivered to the prisoners Secretary Hull authorized a di rect quotation stating his views on the report of atrocities According to the reports of cruelty and inhumanity it would be necessary to assemble together all the demons available from anywhere and combine the fiend ishness which all of them embod ied in order to describe the con duct of those who inflicted these unthinkable tortures on Ameri cans and Filipinos as reports cite Since the beginning of the war Hull said the United States has been protesting through the Swiss government all cases of brutality or mistreatment on which infor mation has been received He im plied that similar action had been or would be taken in this case eluded no hearsay whatever bul only facts which the officers re lated from their own personal ex perience and observations said the official report The statements have been veri fied from other sources The three officers stated thai several limes as many American prisoners ot war have died mostly of starvation forced hard labor and general brutality as the Japa nese have ever reported At one prison camp Camp ODonnell about 2200 American prisoners died in April and May 1942 In the camp at Cabanatuan about 3000 Americans had died up to the end of October 1942 Still heavier mortality occurred niong the Filipino prisoners ot at Camp ODonnell The calculated campaign of brutality began as soon as the exhausted American and Filipino soldiers on Bataan collapsed under the overwhelming weight of the enemy assault What was in store for them was to begin with the march of Dyess re ported that beaten and hopeless as they were they never would have surrendered if they had guessed what lay ahead Thousands of prisoners were herded together on the Slariveles airfield at daylight April 10 with in earshot of the still defiant guns of Corregidor Some had food but were not permitted to eat AH were searched their personal be longings seized Those with Japa nese money or tokens were be headed Then in groups of 500 lo 1000 they began the terrible 6 day march along the national road off Bataan toward San Fernanda in Pampanga province the march of death so hideous that it would make the black hole of Calcutta sound like a haven of refuge A Japanese soldier took Dyess canteen gave the water to a horse threw the canteen away In a broiling sun the prisoners were herded through clouds of dust Men recently killed lay along Ihe road their bodies flattened by No More Relief to Reach Persons Held by Japanese Washington Presidential Secretary Stephen EarJy Mid Friday reports of Japanese atrocities against American pris oners of war were be cause further relief supplies could not be expected to reach the prisoners As to whether lifting of the ban on the atrocity reports means that the government has aban doned hope for further exchange and repatriation of prisoners Early suggested that the question was one for ttie stale department which has handled the problem through the Swiss government Early lotd reporters It might be said for publica tion that the time had come for the release of these factual re ports which had been carefully investigated authenticated no hearsay evidence contained in any of we cannot ex pect to get further relief to our prisoners of war in the hands of the Japanese Japanese trucks Patients bombed out of a field hospital were pushed into the marching column At mid night the entire group was penned in an inclosure too narrow to allow any of theiS to lie down They had had no Japanese officer finally permitted them to drink at a dirty Carabao wallow Before daylight the next day the march was resumed Still no food for any of at noon from a dirty roadside stream An other bullpen at night When ex hausted men fell out moaning no one was allowed to who still marched heard shots be hind them On the 3rd day twe were in troduced to a form of torture which came to be known as the sun treatment We were made to sit in the broiling sun all day without cover We had very little water our thirst was intense Many of us went crazy and sev eral died Three Filipino and 3 American soldiers were buried while still alive Along the road in the province of Pampanga there arc many wells Halfcrazed with thirst 6 Filipino soldiers made a dash for one of the wells All 6 were killed As we passed Lubao we marched by a Filipino sotdicr gutted and hanging over a barbedwire fence Before daylight on April 15 we were marched out and 115 us were packed into a small narrow gauge box car The doors were closed and locked Movement was impossible Many of the prisoners were suffering from diarrhea and dysentery The heat and stench were unbearable At Capiz Tarlac we were taken out and given the sun treatment for 3 hours Then we were marched lo Camp ODonnell I made that march of about 85 miles in 6 days on 1 mess kit oJC rice Other Americans made the march of death in 12 days with out any food whatever The prisoners taken at Corregi dor did not experience that march but 7000 Americans and 5000 Filipinos were packed for a week with no food on a concrete pave ment 100 yards square There was 1 water spigot for the average wait lo fill a canteen was 12 hours They got their first food ;