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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 28, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH iOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION TTTTTTi MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY28TJ943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 95 U S BOMBERS RAID NAZI LAND FOR FIRST TIME Campaign to Bust Germany Wide Open Is Opened by Allies LONDON The RAF hit the German city of Duesseldorf with several hundred tons high explosives and incendiary bombs Wednesday night during the fourth allied aesial blow at the German war machine in two nights and a day it was announced Thursday Preliminary reports on Wednesday nights raid on the Rhmelaha by Lancasters and Halifaves show several dred tons of high explosives and incendiary bombs were dropped on Duesseldorf in 20 minutes an authoritative statement said The air ministry had reported that six bombers were missing from a heavy attack on industrial objectives in the Rhineland which continued a cycle of raids fea tured by the first U S air force assault on theifeich and the first bombing of Copenhagen Duesseldorf a center of trans port and heavy industry in north west Germany is 160 miles south west of the Wilhetoshaven naval base which with Emden was heavily pounded Wednesday by United States heavy bombers tnumiattn soocht to dferouit the effect or the American blows It declared that a dar lieht attempt under the cover of eland to bomb targets at Hel goland bay foiled by lighters and A A defenses Striking baclc by daylight Ger man flyers attacked a southeast coast town of England Wednesday morning inflicting considerable damage and some casualties Some of Britains biggest air craft Lancasters and Halifaxes each capable of carrying four two ton were officially reported to have participated in the blows against the Rhineland The ministry described the at tack as heavy but did not indi cate the actual number of planes participating The thunderous series of bomb ings was acclaimed by Air Chief Marshall Harris head of the RAF bomber command as the beginning of a campaign to bust Germany wide open Psychologically the weight to the historic parley be tween President Roosevelt and Prime Minister ChnrchUl at Casablanca where they and their military leaders laid plans lor more intense prosecution of Hie war by land sea and 4i lerlin radio reported that the RAF attack Wednesday night was directed against the north Uerman coastal area and said eight of the raiders were shot indicating that the num JJWA nciijauiiu prob ably was fairly large V S BOMBERS POUND A1V WILHELMSHAVEN The same area was given a heavy pounding Wednesday as swarms of United States flying fortresses and liberators ham mered the naval base at Wilhelm shaven and related industries at nearby Emden While thc American planes yere thus engaged mosquito bombers of the RAF subjected the Uanish capital of Copenhagen to Ms first bombing striking at fac Raid on Duesseldorf lories turning out war material for the Germans The previous night British bombers had raided the German and the Um Observers said the siepped up allied air offensive with the RAF carryingthe war lo Ger many by night and the U S army air forces by day would brins home to the German peo ple fact that their oncc vaunted air force no longer has control of the air inthe west It was expected that the raids on Europe by bombers soon would be supplemented by air attacks from neWIywbn allied bases in North Africa The first allAmerican raid against Germany proper Wednes day involved a roundtrip flight of some 800 miles for the flying fortresses which struck at Wil helmshaven The liberators carried out the assault on Emden in a sur prise followup to this blow Three of the American bombers failed to return from the forays which were carried out without fighter escort but U S headquar ters said the Americans shot down a number of German planes at tempting to intercept them Airmen who participated in the raids said they had encoun tered surprisingly little opposi tion though the Germans main tained they had blunted the at tack and shot down eight of the raiders The main target of the RAF jombers which attacked Copen lagen were factories engaged in urning out Diesel engines for nazi submarines Dispatches from Stockholm Sweden said that two ig factories in the Danish capital had been set afire and that five persons were killed and 50 in ured It was feared the Stockholm rc orts said that an examination of he ruins would disclose an even arger toll of casualties Damage in the bombed sections 01 Copenhagen these sources de clared necessitated the removal of some 7000 persons to public build ings taken over as emergency shelters ARTISTS Frehm artist offers this impression of the scenes as President Koosevelt Prime Minister Winston Churchill Generals Charles De Gaulle French Monaco for that vcd are Report Hitler Turned Army Decisions Back to Generals Abandons Attempts to Direct War by His Own Intuition LONDON UR Adolf Hitler faced by disaster in Russia has abandoned attempts to direct the war by his own intuitio turned back the direction of military affairs to his generals reports from the French frontier said Thursday The German general staff removed from control of mili tary affairs after the German retreat from Moscow last win ter once again is making all the decisions it was said present all the energies of Germanys professional soldiers are concentrated 011 s a v i n c something from he disastrous Russian campaign v Among the decisions already taken by the general staff it was said was a plan for a retreat to a 1 50mile defense line in Russia that would be based on Kursk thence run southward through J No Icy Whiskers JERSEY CITY N J Sams soldiers serving in cold cli mates are being provided with beard clippers the Jersey City quartermaster depot said Thurs day so they will not get ice in their whiskers Lieut Warren A Pratt purchasing and contracting officer said can be in convenient and dangerous in cold climates and ice in your whiskers is no fun Hence the G I clippers Kharkov and end anchored Crimea have its southern on Sevastopol in The reports said some military men in Germany felt that Hitler had waited too long to abandon intuition as a means of wagin war and there was reported to be considerable pessimism about the ability of the general staff to ex German army from the difficulties into which Hitler had plunged it Earlier reports had said that the defeat at Stalingrad was the factor that finally convinced Hitler that he had better leave the conduct of Ihe war to men who had developed their lives to military problems Hitler and a small group of nazi officials insisted on keeping the German army in front of Stalingrad until well into thc winter giving the Russians lime to launch their counteroffensive The prolonged siege of Stalin grad it was said was conducted against the advice of some of Ger manys ablest generals who urged a retreat to gain time to regroup and reequip the German armies for spring The reports said Hitler was de termined to capture Stalingrad at any cost to preserve his pres tige with the German people whom he had told in a Stalingrad will be captured and you may be sure of that Nazi Press Charges Russians Tricked Them in Concealing Power STOCKHOLM Gcr jman press is attempting to cx plain defeats on the soviet front declaring that the Russians tricked them a Swedish corres pondent reported Thursday Russias concealment of her real military power and skill in cam ouflage resulted in surprises for the Germans even during the sec ond year of the campaign thp press complained Thc Russians were said lo have changed the names of many places built new towns whose existence was kept secret and laid new railways which were not shown on any maps available to the Germans Buy Mar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier Slicing of Bread Causes Revision in Classroom Activity KANSAS CITY H Wagners offer to let students sharpen bread knives in his wood working class brought such a re sponse that he wondered if some gadget couldnt be devised to help homeslicers Now the boys all arc busy mak ing flat boards with upright sides containing vertical slots You put the bread between ihe uprights and the knife cant swerve and make the slice thick at one end and thin at the other At 10 cents a contraption the students have sold several hun dred TOJO VICTORY IS SUDDENTHRUST TOWARD BUCK SEA REPORTED Reds Report Thousands More of Weary Nazis in Trap Meekly Surrender By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russias Caucasian armies were reported to have stormed back within 19 miles of the German held Maikop oil fields in a sur prise new thrust toward the Black sea Wednesday while on the Sta lingrad front a German general and several thousand additional cold warweary troops were said to have meekly surrendered Soviet dispatches indicated that scarcely more than 6000 axis sol diers were left out of Adolf Hit lers original siege army of 220 000 caught in the red army trap BRITISH CLASH WITH AIXS REARGUARDS In north Africa vanguards of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys victorious British 8th army were reported to have advanced II miles and clashed with axis rear guards near Sabratha 41 miles west of fallen Tripoli and less than 60 miles from the Libyan Tunisian frontier On the western flank of the twoway allied squeeze1 move ment torrential rains hampered operations in Tunisia but Ameri can troops were reported to have tonine miles in the Ossla Says U S Britain Lack Vital Resources By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS imes inland from the Gult of Gabes coast Dispatches said the Americans had brought relief to French troops cut off east of n moun tain pass between Ousseltia and Drastic New Nazi Decrees Are Expected LONDON thunder of allied bombs over a 1000 mile European front Russian victories in the east prospect of an allied offensive in Tunisia and above all the fear of momentous events to follow the Casablanca conference stirred Germany to a frenzy of to tal war mobilization Thursday It was indicated that Adolf Hitler increasingly desperate would make Saturday the 10th anniversary of the nazi accession to power the occasion for a series of decrees of unprere dented harshness removhiR from every man and boy tvoman and child in Germany the last vestiee of individualism Switzerland reported that Ger many had conscripted boys of 15 16 17 18 and ll years of age lor i military or auxiliary service A Berlin broudcast announced a blanket ban on civilian use of taxi cabs which will be only available except on special individual police permit to war mutilated war wounded physicians expectant i mothers and so forth j A United Press Ankara dispatch I said the Germans were speeding Ihe strengthening of their second Siegfried lipe along the Bug river in Poland An official German broad caster Joachim Schieferdeckcr warned the German people Wed nesday night in a radio Berlin proeram We are witnessing the ex plosion of accumulated perils which are shaking the European continent Announcing that new and dras tic measures were in prospect to meet what he called the presj cnt emergency Schidferdecker quoted a decree of 1689 when King Louis XIV of France was theGerman palatine on BIG OFFENSIVE INDICATED FOR LAST OF AFRICA Top Military leaders Meet in Eisenhower Headquarters 2 Days By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A climactic allied offensive in North Africa preluding actual invasion of Europe was sharply foreshadowed Thursday with the disclosure that the top military leaders of the United States and Great Britain have held a secret 48 hour war council at Lieut Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers headquarters Coolly ignoring thc facttiiat the j no mikados invasion armies were now on the defensive on three VTC DT New Guin IICATE AXIS PLANS ea and Gen Hidekj Tojo of Japan boasted Thursday that the Japanese armed forces had laid the foundations for certain victory over the United States and Britain whom he charged with sinister ambi tions to dominate the world 1 The premier whose address was reported by the Tokio radio in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press boasted that Japans position both for offense and defense had been com pleted by the establishment of outlyine bases and by the ac quisition of vast natural re sources The address marked the recon vening of the diet after the New Years recess Tojo said casually that of course it will require great ef forts on ouipart to mahe these resources demonstrate thoir real wealth and power but said that Japans position nevertheless was secure In contrast lo our position he said the United States and Brit boasted of their wealth and resources before the are exposing a great shortage in vital war resources As for the supply of rubber and tin which they previously ob tained from the southwest Paci fic regions they now arc so un VACANCIES AT CLINTON DES MOINES appeal lor medical technicians and assist ant technicians in xray surgerv chemistry and bacteriology to fill positions at the Shick general hos pital at Clinton has bccn issued by he Iowa branch of the civil service commission easy and distressed they cannot succeed in concealing their pre dicament to Japans war aims the premier said the Japanese people were fightine for a great ideal they had cherished for 3000 enable all coun tries each in its proper place and all peoples to live their lives in peace and security Japan he declared sought only to bring about real world peace in cooperation with our allies who share the same purpose This object Tojo added compared with the traditional ambition of the AngloAmerican countries to promote their own prosperity at the sacrifice of other countries and monopolize the world by exploiting other peo ples is wholly different in its essence INSPECT PREFLIGHT SCHOOL IOWA CITY Hamilton director of the Thursday to continue an inspec tion tour Commander Hamilton and his parly conducted a routine inspection of the Iowa proflight school Wednesday FURTHER WITHDRAWALS Reports from widely separated points indicated that the axis was preparing tor further withdrawals in Russia and north Africa Tass the official soviet news broadcast a report from Geneva that Italy had requisitioned all merchant marine coastalships fishing schooners and private mo tor boats for immediate transfer to Sicilian ports within a quick run of Tunisia These admittedly might be for reinforcements but heretofore the axis has relied chiefly on planes to strengthen its armies in that area London heard that the Ger mans were massing escape boats and barges at Novorossisk Black sea naval base to trans port thtir armies out of the Caucasus if the Russians cap tured Rostov Radio Movoc in French Mo rocco broadcast Swedish reports that Hitler had decided to give up personal direction of the German that his vaunted in tuitive powers have that the nazi general staff had planned a withdrawal of several hundred miles to a new line ex tending from Kurskto Kharkov through Dnieperopetrovsk to the Crimea and Sevastopol 26000 Dressmakers Ordered Back to Jobs NEW YORK tfP Approxi mately 20000 New York dress makers were ordered to return to work Thursday by David Dubin sky president of the internation al ladies garment workers union after a twoday stoppage as a result of a dispute with five employer associations Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued mild Thursday afternoon warmer Thursday night than Wednes day night lowest temperature 20 IOWA Warmer Thursday night and Friday forenoon MINNESOTA No decided change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Minimum Wednesday night 9 At 8 a m Thursday 12 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 3R 21 side Rhine Who desertsthe colbrssball be hanged without mercy w h o amidst flic battle begins to re treat shall be put to death without j These were ordinances of total war Schieferdeckcr said These i ordinances will have to rule the i new mobilization of all energy at liome This mobilization has lo be carried out under thc mandate that he who deserts flies or flags will have to pay with his life Total war lias become a reality At the time a Berlin military spokesman declared that General Eisenhowers American expeditionary forces in Tunisia were planning a Major offensive and a Vichy broadcast said American troops originally c o n c c n t r a t ed 150 miles southwest of Tunis had opened thc attack Axis reports suggested an American attempt to drive a wedge between the converging armies of Marshal Erwin Rommel and ColGcn Jurgeu von Arnim in central Tunisia The secret war conclave at tended by the highest allied mili tary chieftains followed swiftly on the heels of President Roose velts master plan conference with Prime Minister Churchill at Casablanca French Morocco The council was apparently held in line with the Roosevelt Churchill announcement that strategy evolved at their 10day meeting would be put into active and concerted execution rrOOaOlU tO Some Get Hearings for Errol Flynn and Edward J Flynn Mixed WASHINGTON tonians dont know all the an swers either Many of them have gone to the cnpitol in recent weeks to hear testimony about Holly woods Errol Flynn They had confused the hearings on the appointment of Edward J Flynn to be minister to Australia with the Hollywood Flynn case Most of thc mistaken persons were government stenographers on their clay off KAn IN NOf f4A 48 hour attended by st brains in Britain and America Thursday sharply foreshadowed tile day when Ihe united nations use north Africa as a springboard into Eu rope The military chiefs conferred with Lieut Gen Dwight D Eisen hower commander in chief the allied expeditionary force in north Africa after speeding eastward Minister Churchill w That they came to this thea ter after thc policy making Casablanca conference was taken as an indication the allies consider a Mediterranean of fensive against thc axLs as one of Hie best bids for victory i p The meeting was held in the headquarters of Lieut Gen j Dwight D Eisenhower American cSl wes That diversion pepped up the guiding business in thc capitol which since the war has been in the doldrums Eighty per cent of thc tourists these days arc service men who get thc tour of the capi tol free Nevertheless thc most frequent question of visitors according lo Crawford is What time docs the president arrive Presi dent Roosevelt as a matter of fact has been in thc capitol only 15 tunes in 10 record for any president Jury Waits to Give Verdict as Defendant Goes Out for Soup SEATTLE Wash cedmycr got quite hungry wait ing for jurors to acquit him of gamelaw violation Hed just stepped across thc street for his 20cent bowl of soup when jurors reported They waited a halfhour for him to return before they could free him Judge Chester A Batchelor was hungry by that time too He fined Needmyer S10 for contempt SPEAK AT GKINNEIL IOWA CITY WPresidcnt Vir gil M Handier of the University of Iowa will deliver the com mencement address at Ihc mid year graduation exercises at Cor nell college Sunday This is thc first time Cornell has had mid year graduation President Hanch er will receive an honorary dcgvcc at the ceremonies H H Arnold commander in chief of army air forces and other high officers Britain was represented by Field Marshal Sir John Dill head of thc British joint staff mission in Washington Admiral Sir Dud ley Pound first sea lord General Sir Harold Alexander commander in clnef in thc middle cast Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten chief of combined operations and others Thc seven men named con ferred day and night for two iliys with Eisenhower alter speeding eastward from thr ItooscveliChurchm meeting at Casablanca General Marshall and Admiral King stayed at General Eisen howers residence and Lord Mountbatten Marshal Dill Ad miral Pound and Admiral Sir An drew Cunningham naval com mandcr of tlc allied force in north Africa occupied joint quar ters All the conferences centered around General Eisenhower This combined with thc presence of General Alexander was taken as an indication the allies are plan ning a union of all forces in the Mediterranean into one great theater with coordinated com mands Such a step has long been fore seen by military experts as a necessity when Eisenhowers and Alexanders armies join as they appear lo be doing in Tunisia Others at the conference in cluded Lt Gen B B Somervcll commanding U S army services of supply it Gen Sir Hastings ;