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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1947, Mason City, Iowa tFnxratNT er H I firGSY AN 5 A 6 E 3 M D I N i i NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL un Associates Piea and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITS IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 27 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 92 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDtTLE Mason CUT p m JVTAD Quincy 111 Mon p m C01 Ames a m PSUI Iowa City Thursday p m Looking Back on a Century of Farming the choicest fruits of Iowas observance of her 100th Ijirthday as a state from my point If view is a 357 page book that I ies open before me as I begin this ommentary That volume is titled jj A Century of Farming in Iowa nd it was written by staff mem ers of Iowa State college Starting with the days when ettlers swarmed into our state jjlrom points east and south the jjook traces the growth and devel nent of the diversified agricul nre which todayconstitutes our atcs one most important in jjustry Its a fascinating story and Iremely well told j Obviously it would be impos ible in the time at my comman do more than hit some of th jigh spots in terms of a genera iview of the volume It woul je difficult for me to fully sur the contents and I doubt tha would prove very satisfactor om the standpoint of t h itener So I think that instead of em jhoying that approach Ill direc emphasis to a limited fev reas of interest and hope that imulate enough interest ir steners to prompt them to ge copy of the book for their own fading a prefatory overview of th work Earl D Ross of the his Bry department who I under Hand had much to do with map King out and collating the materia f hich went into the volume the pointthat Provideno 3S been good to Iowa tit was nature of gave our state a fourth I all the Grade A farm land in lie United States And I supposi could so a step further and lire specific credit to the 5 ice feets which have covered the called Iowa in the past mil i years One of these ice sheets the jisconsin gouged out all of natural lakes It would IJn possible for these glaciers to up most of our top soi transport it to points south I fortunately for us that isnt Sway it worked out JEWISH GAN BRITONS Youth Gets Rid of Ape Face Grand Rapids Mich David Huge wondered Monda whether any girl might be interested in him now that he has a face to replace the deformed one that had embittered his 17 lonely years David who iried in desperation last year to extort money from his Chicago employer for a plastic surgery operation got his firs look at the new face when bandages were removed Sunday The Chicago youth stared into a hand mirror and could onb murmur as tears rolled down his newlysmooth cheeks Gee it wonderful asct it Dr FerrisN Smith the famous plastic surgeon who performei the operation without charge said the operation was a success ant that David would be able to leave the hospital in 2 weeks to star a new life Mrs Helen Huge 38 Davids mother was at his bedside when the bandages were removed The face that had given David perpetua scowl was gone His new life will be one free of the taunts of ape face and Monkey that turned a friendly child into a sullen anti social youth David was arrested after his employer reported the extortion note to police He was placed on probation and the case attracted wide spread attention and sympathy the ice sheets descended into from the north they d up loose soil and grounc ashed into powder the rocks ntered on the way It was good luck that they melted li area depositing the rich V Key gathered up to the result was as the authors iut that Iowa was almost iely covered with deep de ls rich glacial and winfl Mwaterial As time passed If of plants increased the of organic matter in the jlayer approximately 100000 ce the last ice sheet dis the soil of Iowa has richer year by year ipliniatic conditions were exactly enough to grow iFuxuriant grass butnot humid Enough to grow trees IjlTHEN the first settlers arrived in Iowa a little more than a entury ago they found about 85 ier cent of the states area in jass 15 per cent in woodland The timbered areas mostly were Jong streams and that brings up nother most interesting story Our first settlers were attracted the timbered areas mpce than o the prairie grass soil They vanted wood for fuel and they vanted to be near streams for vater and for navigation But heir reasoning beyond this was i bit erroneous as time has ijrovecl Most of them proceeded from hc assumption that timberland was ever so much more fertile han prairie land They reasoned that if soil wouldnt produce a tree it most assuredly wouldnt produce cereal crops That inci dentally was the reasoning of my own forebears In the working out of things therefore those who came in the Second wave of immigration into our state actually came into pos session of richer land than the original settlers who had a first hoice Another point made by Mr Ross is that Iowa was the last of he states to be settled under tra litional pioneer nethods that had been employed n Illinois Kentucky Ohio and jther states to the east Original Iwellers in Nebraska the Dakotas jtid states to the west came in by there was no rail road when Iowa was settled jvTO other state in the United Ji States and no other like area the world is cut up into 640 Icre sections to the same extent Its Iowa The rectangular pattern them as they cross our state commented on by all who fly 3 CONTLNUED ON PAGE Z U S Steel Against Closed Union Shop in Negotiations Firm Wants NoStrike NoLockout Pledge by CIO Union in Contract Pittsburgh U S Stee Corp submitting counter pro posais to the CIO United Steel workers in contract negotiation Monday announced it was insist ing on the employes fundamenta right to determine for himself whether he should be a membe of the union A corporation spokesman sail the management stand was in op position to both the closed shop and the union shop The presen status at U S Steel plants is a union shop in which employe must join the union after they are hired if not already members In the closed shop employes must be union members as a prercquisit to getting hired The corporation also announcec it is insisting on retaining ful management control over hiring termination of employment wage incentives maintenance of dis cipline and similar activities U S Steel proposed further for its 5 largest steel producing sub sidiaries that the parties agree to a nostrike nolockout pledge with penalties for failures or ab rogations of this pledge It also asked compulsory arbi tration of grievances arising un 3er the contract with the func tions of the arbitrator limited to determinations involving interpre atiou application or compliance with contract provisions The corporations proposals dealt virtually exclusively with non economic or noncost matters be ause the corporation said of rridays agreement extending present contracts until April 30 The union in submitting its de mands to management had pur sued the same a substantial wage increase with out getting into figures U S Steel disclosed over the weekend it would distribute more ban in back pay and 117000000 in wage increases The retroactive pay and the alary boosts however are not in Olved in 1947 bargaining Spokesmen for both labor and management explained they are he result of a 1944 war labor loard order issued to smooth out vage inequities throughout far lung U S Steel subsidiaries The agreement announced over he weekend covers 6 subsidiaries Illinois National Tube American Steel and Wire ennessee Coal Iron and Kail oad Columbia Steel and the ronton Utah plant of Geneva Iteel Similar pacts are being ar anged for other U S Steel firms vhile throughout the industry an stimated 84 companies are re ported following the same WLB lirective Some of the back pay checks vill total as much as The ompany said the future wage costs equalled a centandahalf nhour for most of the produc ion and maintenance workers in olved The new hourly pay ales go as high as 5198 with 25 00 steel mill jobs now grouped nto 30 general classifications in n effort to wipe out past in qualities The socalled common labor ate in big steel enterprises was oosted to above an hour Mondays contract negotiations nvolved the same companies overed by the newlyannounced greement with the exception of ie Geneva steel plant in Utah Heads Flour Distributors Des Moines Kleinen f Davenport has been elected resident of the Iowa Flour Dis Jibutors association About 40 owa distributors and mill repre entatives meeting here Saturday Iso elected R S Wykle of Mar lalltown vice president Guy rimes Des Moines secrelary Leon Meyer Cedar apids Earl Weaver and V T earson Des Moines directors BEWARE THE sta tion owner John Clement of To ledo Ohio is undecided as to what to do about his doberman pinscher Monty Left in the station to guard the place Monty allowed burglars to walk off with the safe bit the cops who came around to inves tigate the robbery and nipped an employe who walked through the rear door without warning His master says hes a good dog and would be a better one only he could be converted to the side of the law Believes Reds Constructing Atomic Plant Washington Mc Mahon DConn said Monday he suspects Russia is developing an atomic fission plant in the Ural mountains while American and soviet officials are debating plans or worldwide atomic control and disarmament The former chairman of the special congressional committee on atomic energy added in a speech o the senate that this country must swap atomic knowledge for atomic control immediately or ace eventual destruction by the awesome new weapon McMahon who 3 months ago proposed a compromise control lan designed to get around Rus sias insistence upon the right of veto pleadedanew for its accept ance declaring It is in the interest of our own iecurity to get inspectors behind he high walls now so that we may know what is going on now jefore it becomes possible for us o be shocked into awareness by he sudden explosion of an atomic mb in our midst Today we have no way of mowing what other countries are doing about atomic weapons or low far they have advanced But his much we do know Other na ions are working night and day n the problem So long as we do not have exact knowledge we be ome prey to fear and suspicion For example McMahon con inued a news report out of the oviet union not long ago stated hat their chief nuclear scientist 3eler Kapitza had been sent to Siberia as punishment for some rime It seems obvious to rne that more likely explanation is that Capitza is now busily at work be dnd the Urals constructing an tomic fission plant However I annot prove it I do not know and one of us know and there is no vay of knowing Until we have international ontrol coupled with an effective nspection system we will never now who is producing atomic ombs or at what moment or at vhat target they may choose to aunch them Until we have such ontrol we will never dare release tomic energy for the peaceful DENMARK CUTS LOADING AFTER PLANECRACKUP Crash Took Lives of Grace Moore and Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden Copenhagen UR Denmark Monday clamped a lower limit on the loads Dakota transport planes can carry in this country follow ing a crash which took the lives of Grsce Moore American opera star Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden and 20 other persons Danish air traffic authorities announced that effective now no Dakota will be allowed to leave an airport in Denmark with a load of more than 25168 pounds The Dakota which crashed and burned on a takeoff from Kastrup airport here Sunday was reported to be carrying 26620 pounds Th previous Danish ceiling weigh had been 25410 pounds The ill fated plane was well within the limit of 27940 pounds set by the Dutch It was operated by the Dutch KLM line Even before the air authorities lowered the maximum load re ports had circulated that over loading might have been a factor in the crash The ship took off climbed about 150 feet tipped over nosefirst and fell Miss Moores husband Valentin Parera left Cannes on the French Riviera Monday for Copenhagen He said his wifes body would be returned to New York for funeral services but he was unable to say when Crown Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden was scheduled to journey by train from Stockholm Tuesday to claim the body of his son 2nc in line for the Swedish He will tak it back by warship The courts or the Scandinavian lands were in deep mourning Authorities revealed that the disaster occurred in the midst of a controversy over the load limits for the Dakotas known in U S civilian aviation as the DC3 and in the army as the C47 Only re cently the Scandinavian countries petitioned Britain to lower the specified loads of the planes Sweden Norway and Denmark protested against the 28000pound maximum weight for the Dakota as set by Britain The manufac urers recommended maximum akeoff weight was understood to b 25000 pounds The Dutch max mum was reported to be 27940 pounds In the United States airline and nilitary air officials said Monday he weekend wave of DC3 C47 or Dakota transport plane crashes could not be attributed to any mechanical defect of the craft which served as the work horse of the armed forces during the war They said there probably were more crashes of this type of plane simply because more of them are n service than any other type of aircraft The Douglas Aircraft built more than 10000 of hem during the war Many planes f this type were sold as surplus property but it was emphasized hat none of them was war veary or unfit for commercial jassenger or cargo service FINE DAIRYMEN FOR BUTTER FIX Group Pleads Guilty to Market Manipulation New York Judge Ufred C Coxe imposed a fine of 25000 against the Dairymens eague Cooperative Association nd fines of 51000 each against 4 fficers of the association Monday fter they entered guilty pleas to criminal information charging manipulation of the New York utter market to fix the January 947 milk price The individuals named were Henry Rathbun president of the ssociation and 3 members of the xecutive committee of its board f directors Leon H Chapin Hed ey Benson and Herbert Seeley Declare lowan Dead Ames Russell M Vif uain Jr son of Mr and Mrs R it Vifquain has been declared fficially dead by the war de artment His parents received a urple heart medal and the no fication that he had been de lared dead Saturday ses which might raise standards f living among the peoples of the to the point where they have no interest in the iren song of soviet propaganda BLACK MARKETEERS PAY policeInllo mania catch black marketeeis they hold them up to public ridicule for their undercover trading Under the watch ful eye of a cop some of the getrichquick culprits are shown shoveling snow in Bucharest One holds a sign which states in heavy lettering Black marketeers of the stock exchange and dry goods House Puts AntiPortal Pay Legislation Over Tax Slash Representative Knutson Introduces Measure to Bar Wage Suits Wasliliigton UR The house Monday put antiportal pay legis lation ahead of tax reduction on the ground that taxes cant be cul unless the portal suits are banned Chairman Harold Knutson of the taxwriting ways and means com mittee said that if present claims for nearly 55000000000 in back portaltoportal pay were allowed the resultant tax refunds would put to an end any hope for in dividual tax relief this year There were these developments in portalpay tax and other is sues before congress 1 Speaker Joseph W Martin Jrrtold the house judiciary com mittee to proceed as quickly a possible with antiporial pay leg islation without waiting for sen ate action Knutson introduced a bill to bar portal pay suits 2 Sen Alexander Wiley R Wis told a senate subcommittee that the portal suits might cause a business recession 3 Sen Joseph H Ball R Minn introduced a bill to make unions subject to unfair labor practice provisions of the Wag ner labor relations act He al ready has pending bills to outlaw he closed shop and industrywide collective bargaining 4 Rep Gerald W Landis R nd proposed a resolution urging the United States to work for world abolition of compulsory mil tary service before considering a peacetime draft A sharp rise in army recruitment strengthened Jelief that the draft act will be al owed to die March 31 5 ChairmanDesignate David E ilienthal of the atomic energy commission told senate members of the joint atomic committee that lis group considered military ap7 ilication of the new energy more mportant than peacetime uses under present world conditions Two republican senators however accused him of disregarding con gressional orders to keep the mil tary continuously informed of commission activities 6 Chairman John Taber R N Y of the house appropriations committee accused the war assets administration of refusing to sell 250000000 worth of surplus steel jecause it doesnt want to work tself out of a job 7 President Truman asked con ress for a supplemental appropri ation of 5300000000 for govern ment and reliefjn foreign areas iccupied by American forces The lational labor relations board sked an unspecified supplemental um to speed action on a backlog f disputes which it said might de into strikes if not settled 8 Rep Eugene E Cox D Ga aid the first job of the house un American activities committee iught lo be to kick communists out f the federal government On the tax and portal pay ques ions Knutson has pending a bill o cut personal taxes 20 per cent n incomes up to But he aid any reduction will have to wait settlement of the portal pay ssue which the treasury has said ould cost the government huge ums in tax refunds Knutson said portal pay claims might mushroom to the point where if paid they might cause a revenue loss of more than 000000 Lynn R Eminster vice chair man of the U S tariff commis sion assured congress that U S interests will not be tossed reck lessly to the wolves in the admin istrations tariffcutting program 4 DIE IN IOWA MOTOR MISHAPS 2 North lowans Killed in TrainCar Crash By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Traffic accidents brought death to 4 persons in over the weekend and injured 4 others 3 seriously Stephen E Dwyer 70 of Hum boldt Iowa and his soninlaw Delbert Bcnton 40 of Wesley Iowa were killed early Sunday morning when the car in which they were riding and a Rock Is land freight train collided at Wa terloo Sheriff H P Wagner re ported The crash left 3 other persons n critical condition at a Waterloo nospital They are Mr and Mrs Stephen Jr and Ben tons wife Margaret Sheriff Wag ner said Mrs Lewis E Lint of Wayland Iowa was killed and her 2year old daughter was injured when he car in which they were rid ing overturned 4 times Sunday afternoon on highway 163 12 miles east of Des Moines Lewis Lint who was driving was unin ured except for bruises A cartruck crash which oc curred Friday near Stockton Iowa claimed the life of a 3rd victim Sunday when Joseph Gibson 37 of Rock Island 111 died in a Dav enport hospital of a fractured skull and chest injuries The other 2 victims were Ever ett W Bump 32 of Rock Island 11 and Hazel Margaret Wright 21 of Davenport GOP Senators Plan Bill for Higher Rents Washington industry spokesmen predicting the housing shortage will be whipped this year a group of senate republicans offered Monday a higherrent measure as one way to speed the licking Extension of rent control to the end oC 1947 with a 15 per cent in crease in rent ceilings was pro posed by Senator Hawkes N J and 3 GOP Cain and Malonc Hawkes said the proposal was being prepared for introduc tion shortly Under the senators plan no ceiling would apply on newlybuilt houses or accommodations which have not been rented in the past year The latter provision Hawkes predicted to reporters would in duce many people to rent living quarters in their homes which they have hesitated to open up be cause they didnt want lo bother with the red tape of government control Hawkes announcement capped a weekend in which National Housing Administrator Ramond M Foley and Housing Expediter Frank K Crccdon in an official policy statement declared that private industry is practically on its own again and must shoulder the major responsibility of meet ing the housing shortage Private industry spokesmen gave quick response In statements and interviews they forecast that the emergency will end this year and that a buyers market will re place current inflated prices on existing houses The predictions included From Herbert U Nelson ex ecutive vice president of the Na tional Association of Heal Estate we can get 1000000 new homes in 1947 and a lifting of rent control the housing shortage willbe a thing of the past From W Wadsworth Wood president of the Home Builders Institute and editor of Small Homes housing in dustry will shift from a sellers market to a buyers market in 1947 the peak in prices of old houses has been reached and passed Despite these predictions Maj Gen Philip B Fleming director of the office of temporary controls declared in a speech Saturday that because of high building costs home ownership is likely to re main an unattainable luxury for most of the veterans Nelson whose real estate organ ization supports the lifting of rent ceilings said many dwellings now are withheld from the rental mar ket because their owners cannot decorate and repair them for oc cupancy under present ceilings Additional rooms in private dwellings could be opened up he told a reporter if the owners were not afraid the tenants would turn out to be undesirables who could not be evicted under OPA rules The CIO attacking Hawkes 15 per cent rent increase plan con tended that it is being pushed by the National Association of Heal Estate Boards for which Nelson is the Washington spokesman The CIO denounced the proposal and called on all CIO unions to fight it Van Johnson and Bride Honeymoon Hollywood Johnson il bobby soxers idol and his bride the former Mrs Keenan iVynn 30 said Monday they will jostpone a trip to celebrate their vedding until a little later Were as happy about the vhole thing as we possibly could 3e Johnson said Well get set led here temporarily then prob ably take a honeymoon trip some vhere They eloped to Juarez Mexico Saturday and were married by Civil Judge Raoul Orozco 4 hours after Mrs Wynn obtained a di orce from her husband John ions best friend Johnson ex plained that they just made up our minds and did it The Wynns separated in Octo ber She was given custody of their 2 sons by terms of the Mex ican divorce Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and much colder Monday night and Tuesday Lowest Monday night 1015 above Iowa Partly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tuesday much colder in extreme north portion Diminishing winds Monday evening Lows Monday night 10 extreme norlh to 22 south portion Highs Tuesday 2025 north and 3035 south Minnesota Much colder Monday night and Tuesday with a cold wave except in the extreme southeast portion Blowing snow diminishing Monday night and ending Tuesday North to north west winds 30 to 40 miles per hour slowly diminishing Mon day night Low temperatures Monday night ranging from 12 below extreme north to 5 to 8 above in extreme south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 46 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Monday 34 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 9 Minimum 12 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 45 Minimum 31 At 8 a m Sunday 35 YEAR AGO Maximum 29 Minimum 19 JUDGE BANKER ARE KIDNAPED IN HOLY LAND Believe Prominent Men Held as Hostages for Life of Convicted Jew Jerusalem UR Fourteen armed Jews burst into the district court at Tel Aviv Monday cowed the 30 persons in it and kidnaped Judge Ralph Windhain in the 2nd abduction of a prominent Briton within 2 days The Palestine radio station broadcast a warning which said that In view of the danger of kidnaping all British civilians arc advised to remain for the present as far as possible in their houses or in some other place where they may feel secure A curfew was clamped sudden ly onJerusalem until further no tice The city was in a near state oC siege One of the Holy Lands biggest manhunts was on The sudden crisis came on the eve of the scheduled execution of Dov Gruner A member of the un derground organization Irgun Zvai Leumi he was convicted by a military court of taking part in a holdup and was sentenced to death The Irgunists warned that if he were executed his death would be avenged with blood The kid napings were presumed to have been carried out to get hostages Gen Sir Evelyn Barker com manding general Palestine granted last minute respite in the death sentence against Gruner He had been scheduled to go to the gallows at 8 a m Tuesday Length of the stay of execution was not announced The abduction Judge Wind ham president of the Tel Aviv court and heir to a BritisTi baron etcy followed by less than a day the kidnaping of H I Collins a British banker He had just finished a hearing and was walking toward his chambers when a band of men carrying tommy guns charged into the courtroom and hustled the judge to a wailing automobile The GIoot Windham still had on his wig and was very pale Re cently he was married to Cathleen Mary only daughter of Capt and Mrs Cecil Fitzherbert Ireland An automobile believed to have been used bythe kidnapers later was found at Ramat Gan north of Tel Aviv It was in that area that the Gruner holdup took place A curfew was clamped on the Tel Aviv municipal area The troops were expected to search all ol Tel Avivs 16000 buildings and screen the 200000 Jewish resi dents An anonymous call to police headquarters here Monday said Halt all these searches in north Jerusalem The house where Col lins is held is heavily mined If you dont halt the searches it will be blown up Three battalions of British sol diers were searching the northern suburbs of Jerusalem for Collins and his kidnapers Monday morn ing when Windham was seized It was the greatest manhunt in the citys history ACTION DELAYED ON IOWA TAXES Solons Defer Battle on Rate Until Tuesday Des Moines anticipat ed battle over Iowas income tax rate was deferred when the Iowa senate on motion of Majority Leader Leo Elthon Monday postponed action on the subject until Tuesday The stale individual income tax at half rate the last 4 years auto matically goes back to full rate unless the legislature acts before March 31 Already before the senate is a bill which would make the half rate permanent Before it can take up the bill however the sen ate must dispose of a resolution which would defer action on the income tax until after appropria tions have been decided An amendment to this resolu tion proposes that the income tax be continued at half rate for 1947 and that a decision be made later in the session on what the per manent rate shall be About 100 telegrams from par entteacher organizations teach ers groups superintendents and others were delivered to legisla tors Monday urging that major appropriations be disposed of be fore the income tax rate is acted upon 32000 Deer Shot In Maine Augusta Me mately 32000 deer were killed in Maine during the 1946 open season an alltime record high ;