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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1944, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM PAPER I Am Ammunition For Dont Waste or Throw Me Awry COM DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVES OES UOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mrrnri VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased wires Five Cents a Copy MASON C1XV IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 27 1944 This Paper Consists of Two One NO Nazis Driven 40 to 60 Miles From Leningrad iciTYlNTIRELY1 RED IN RUSS WEEK DRIVE 324 Guns Fired in Honor of Victory Over Nazi Invaders tendon Gen Leo lidA Govnrov announced Thurs lay that Leningrad had been com lletely liberated by the 2week led offensive HVith the nazis driv In 40 to GO miles from the city nd iriore than 700 nearby towns nd villages freed The exceptional honor of 2 lalvops from 324 guns reserved the greatest victories was or liered fired by the guns of Lenin rad for the armies the people o Leningrad and fleet As the result of the fighting a ask of historic importance has een city ot Lenin has been completely liber from the enemy blockade nd from barbaric enemy shell said a special bulletin rc orded from a Moscow broadcast the soviet monitor The announcement was signed by General Govorov commander it the Leningrad front Lt Gen ndrei A Zhdanov member he military council for the Len ingrad district Lt Gen Fedor Kuznetsov a member ol the mili tary council for the Baltic district vlaj Gen Solovyev chief oE staff pn the Leningrad Iront and Lt Kail line Breached La if fxape Route for Nan Farces 23RDS OF U S ARMY WILL BE ABROAD IN 44 Stimson Announces Plans to Close Number of Camps in America Washington As preset I lans shape up twothirds o Americas steadily growing armj vill be at overseas stations by the end of this year That was the word Thursda Irom War Secretary Stimson as In announced plans for closing a number domestic army camp during the next few months aiv the transfer to combat units of substantial proportion of the sol diers now assigned to administra live duties The overseas expansion pro ram will double our force abroad As ol the end of 1943 only about a third of the arm had been sent outside the coun try In addition a number off cers over 38 particularly thos commissioned directly from civil life or in the national guard and reserve corps will be placed on the inactive list because no suit able assignments are available or in prospect either at domestic or Nazis Repulsed in First Assault Launched Against Allies Near Rome Sen Gussev The German armys hold on REDS CUT NAZI ESCAPE ROUTES indicate where Russian forces have cut German escape railways northwestof Volkhovo and southwest of Krasnogvardeisk leaving 2 lines from Leningrad open to the south But the Russians are within gun range of one line west of captured Ostrov AIRMEN PROTECT group of Mitchell medium bombers hovers protec tively over landing craft approaching Cape Gloucester New Britain island southwest Pa cific for the invasion of the Japanesecontrolled island by American marines northern Russia crumbled as 2 so viet armies one driving south and Invest from Leningrad and the other pushing west from Novgorod slowly tightened a pincers threat ening to trap some 250000 nazi reaps massed below Leningrad Immediately below Russias 2nd rity Gen Leonid Aj Govorovs rmies were racing toward the Estonian fallowing the apture Wednesday of the big rail ay center of Krasnogvardeisk 30 liles south of Leningrad They had stormed through the town of Kaskova 24 miles further and were reported closing n oh Volosbvo 48 miles from the Estonian border city of Narva il thousand nazi officers and penwere killed in the Krasnog ardersk battle a Russian cosnmu said I Other columns of Govorovs rces were blasting a path south Krasnogvardeisk with the evi bnt design of effecting a junction Gen K A MeretskSvs army nashing west from the Lake II region 70 miles to the south art effort to cut the Leningrad itebsk railway one of the 2 rail tcape routes open to the harassed lermans The other rail line fur Iier to the west leads into Pskov jid thence lo Riga on the Baltic lasl I The great Russian offensive Ihich lifted the siege of Lenin tad was now in its 14th day In for traffic between the 2 cities within a few days The Russian announcement of German casualties added 20000 killed to the previously announced totals for the Leningrad offensive and brought to 55000 the number of nazis killed on the Leningrad and VolkhovLake Ilmen combined fronts Approximately 6000 pris oners have been counted the Rus In his drive to cut the north south escape railways west of Lake Ilmen Mereteskov Wednes day cleared the western shore of Lake Ilrnen by taking the towns of Gqlino and Capino the Mos coyv war bulletin reported and widened his salient to the north west toward the Leningrad Vitebsk line 9 Indicative of the scope of the Russian threat to the entire Ger man front a Polish underground radio station Wednesday broad cast a report that the nazis have begun an economic evacuation of the city of Warsaw German engi neers technicians and politicians the broadcast said were depart ing taking with them u hole fac administrative staffs and the workers The broadcast was recorded by NBC Hundreds of miles to the south in the lower Ukraine the left wing of Gen Nikolai Vatutins first Ukrainian army was standing firm against repeated German counter attacks east of Vinnitsa and norlh of Kristinovka Vatutin is at tempting to push southwest to cut the OdessaWarsaw trunk railway which is supplying German troops massed in the Dnieper river bend to the east front Is Turned into Quagmires Freakish Thaws Moscow If The Russians lave reached the bank of the Lugai river west of Novgorod a fravda dispatch reported Thurs as the Leningrad army of Leonid A Govorov and the yolkhov army of Gen K A llcrelskov continued to smash Iromopposite directions into the liermxns Baltic salient The Luga is only about 10 is liles cast of he Leningrad ilebsk railway one of the 2 ernaining railways radiating lulhward from Leningrad that imain available for German use The Pravda dispatch said 3 erman regiments were defeated a clash on the Luga sudden freakish warm thaw turned the front below Lenin Tad into Quagmies muddy roads nlbcKed swamps and flooded levers front dispatches reported In weather the like of which eldom has been seen in the Len ngrad area Russian troops strove rtightily to clear the last remaiii v 35 miles of iMoscow trunk railway German hands and make pos liblc the resumption of direct rail affic between Russias 2 largest itics Its first 12 days it had brought leath to more than 40000 nazis had routed 10 enemy divisions normally 150000 the Leningrad front alone the Rus LOSS CAUSED BY FIRE 3 Story Muscatine Theater Is Gutted Sliiscalinc esti mated at SGO000 was caused by fire here which gutted the inte rior of the 3 story brick and steel building housing the Palacethe ater early Thursday morning The theater which had had a capacity crowd Wednesday night was empty so far as is known when the blaze was discovered shortly before midnight Off shift firemen wererecalled to duty and used 9 lines of hose to confine the blaze to the one building One fireman Robert Evans was overcome by smoke and was taken to a hospital but was able to leave it Thursday The structure was built in 1913 Loss is largely covered by insur ance Ludy Bosten owner said Soldier Vote Amendments Are Filed Des Moines amend ments to the soldier vote bill were proposed in the house Thursday amid indications that the lawmak ers may not complete enactment of the legislation Friday night as had been considered likely Representative Harold F Nel son RSiqux Representa tive F A IJitchaw v RWilton Junction and Representative W P Kiiowltoti RDecovah joined in urging that the legislation be broadened so that relatives of a person in service could absent ballot for him for the pri mary election The bill as originally drawn jermits relatives lo gel such a jallot for a person in service tot tie general election Sponsors said hat provision was not included or the primary because relatives did not always know what party icket the person in uniform might vant to vote The same 3 lawmakers said they favored an amendment under which the auditor would count the first state ballot received Irom a lerson in service At present the neasure provides thai if there is duplication in ballols all will be thrown out Representative Latchaw urged broadening of the bill to extend the special absent vote privileges to civilians abroad who are con nected with the war effort The house met for an hour and a half Thursday morning and spent much of the time debating HENRXJL STEHSON of War SWEA CITY TO CHEER KOONS Home Town Reception to Be Swea City A packed high school gymnasium was expected here Friday night for a home town reception to Sgt Franklin Zip Koons first American sol dier to set foot on European soil in this warHe was a ranger in the Dieppe raid and in the cur rent best seller Combined Op erations is credited with being the first American to kill a Ger man in World war II The pro gram will open with a band con cert at 7 oclock and close with a Heavy Battle Is Expected to Develop South of Rome Washington heavy battle probably will develop south ot Rome as the Germans attempt to drive the allied amphibious forces which landed at Nettuno back into the sea Secretary of War Stimson predicted Thursday So far the position ot the allied forces is favorable and enemj opposition has been extremely weak he said But he added that there is every reason expect violent German reaction in an effort to save their communications be tween Rome and the southern front in Italy The lauding last Saturday Stimson lold a news conference apparently achieved a complete tactical surprise The only cas ualties in the initial phases came MORE ATTACKS EXPECTED SOON FROM GERMANS Goering Division Is Beaten Back as Allies Pile Up Men Supplies BULLETIN Washington German command in Italy apparently is concentrator forces for a new counterattack against the allied beachhead in the Net tun o area and a heavy battle appears in pros pect Secretary of War Henry L Stimson said Thursday Allied Headquarters Algiers P first German counterattack gainst the Americans and British ust south Rome the first oE ic many that probably will be unched in a furious effort to ipe out the allied beachhead has een thrown back with the crush ng of German armor allied hcad uarters announced Thursday Men and supplies continued to ile into the strategic wedge hreatemng the Italian capital Gen Sir Harold Alexanders i or estab whether Thursday it should afternoon reconvene or Friday morning It finally decided to meet again at 1 p m Representative Latchaw made the original motion to recess un lil Friday morningr statin sev eral amendments were being pre pared and that the lawmakers overseas installations lishments The readjustments were dic tated generally by the progressive shift of army operations from the defensive to the offensive and by the growth of air power said Stimson As of Dec 31 1943 ap proximately onethird of the armys strength was oierseas By the end of this year it is contem plated that twothirds of the army will be overseas With the peak of the training program past the army already has placed a number of its facili ties on a standby basis or an nounced that it intends to dp so The air forces have relinquished 69 or more establishments and the ground forces have begun to close up some of their raining camps and other facilities includ ing Camp Atterbury Ind Pine Camp N Y arid the induction center at Fort Hayes Ohio Stimson did not mention these specific instances but asserted that the army will no longer need all its present troop housing fa cililies and it will be necessary to place a number of camps posts stations and other installations on a caretaker basis and to return many of the civilian installations and facilities which previously had been taken over by the army He announced that the war dc City with and Algona high schools admittance by showing a Origin of termined the blaze was unde tic last remain alliwaycnstinan Below Average in Sale of War Bonds in 4th Loan Campaign an communique declared Govorovs veterans also had ened the last German strangle on the LeningradMoscow Itrunk railway a o9 mile stretch Tosno and Volkhovo Tos Ino itself was all but surrounded land Moscow advices indicated the raihvar nrobablv Mould be open DCS Moines is be low the national average in sale of E bonds and sales to individ uals in the fourth war loan cam paign the state war finance com mittee reported Thursday In E bond sales sales through the nation average 22 per cen of quota while Iowas sales ar only 197 per cent of quota The national average on sale to individuals is 19 per cent o quota while the Iowa f igur is 181 should have plenty of time to study them He declared he thought the measure finally adopted should be adequate to cover all lowans en gaged in the war effort and added we should lake lime to do the job right Representative Arch McFarlane RWaterloo opposed the delay declaring the legislators knew vhat Ihey were called for and had ad plenly of lime lo decide what Jiey wanted This house shouldnt make it self the laughing stock of the state McFarlane declared If ve delay action another 24 hours he house will be in the hoosegow of the whole state The bill now before us provides ample time for most of those now in service to vote and after all it was the sol diers Ihemselves who arc defend ing us lhat the legislature was called upon lo prolcct Representative Nelson coun tered that he didnt want to take home any scars of halfbaked Icg Latchaw said during the debate lhat 15 amendments were being prepared Later it was disclosed that the total probably would not be that high and that many of them be minor changes of a technical nature partmcnl has ordered physically qualified mcfi in all branches of the army who have a total of more than 12 months service al fixed stations or overhead activ ities in the Uniied States to be reassigned to combat units or mobile activities ultimately des tined for overseas service Enlisled men under 30 will be reassigned first according lo their length of service in Ihe United Slalcs and they will be followed by Ihose over 30 in order of age first These reassign ment orders will not apply to men who have served overseas at some time since Pearl Harbor or to men ZIP KOONS Friday currently purchased war bond On the speaking program with Sgt Koons will beiW Earl Hall man agipg editor of the Mason City GlobeGazette Koons Appears at Legislature Des Moines Pi First Sgt Franklin M Zip Koons of Swea City first American to fire a shot on French soil in the current war declared Thursday he thought many of the soldiers on the fight ing fronts would be too busy lo give much Ihoughl lo voting but they would feel cheated if they had not been given Ihc opportun from exploding land mines the war secretary reported Where the Germans will get the to launch a counter attack is not quite clear Stimson said but some of them probably will be drawn from reserve garri sons in northern Italy and some may even be pulled off the south ern battle line where the nazis are now trying to stem the 5th armys renewed advance toward Cassino It is conceivable lhat the Net tuno landings and the expansion of that beachhead may force the enemy to abandon its present southern line he said But it is still rnuch too early to predict a disastrous defeat for the nazis and It is sufficient to notethat our present position is favorable he added Reviewing the1 strategy preced ing the Nettuno landings Sttmson said a heavy attack by the 5th army farther south pulled Ger man reinforcements in that direc tion He said 3 German divisions presumably from reserves previ ously held in the Rome area have been reported identified among the forces opposing the British American and French troops of the 5th army During the landings Stimson reportedGerman planes using controlled glider bombs sank a brilliantly lighted and plainly marked British hospital ship HEAVY RAINS BREAK DROUGHT Virtually All Sections of Iowa List Downpours Des Moines winter droughtwas broken Wed nesday night and Thursday by heavy rains in virtually all sec tions of the state Fourteen weather observation stations scattered throughout the state reported rain Wednesday night and it was still raining at every one oC them Thursday morning the Des Moines weather bureau office reported Heaviest precipitation reported up to 7 a m was 1B2 inches at Ames Other reports Iowa City 149 inches Van Meter 118 Des Moines 112 Fort Dodge 97 of an nch Sioux City 77 Charles City 65 Cedar Rapids 49 Dubuque 40 Mason City 53 Lamoni 30 and Spencer 20 The mercury dropped to 32 at Spencer Wednesday night aftcr liitting a top ot 62 at Des Moines Wednesday Nazis Report Japs to Retaliate for Sinking of Hospital Ships New York is ready to take adequate measures in re taliation American against the sinking of Anglo Japanese entral Mediterranean headquar ers announced that elements of he Hermann Goering armored di had been met southwest of Littoria the chief town of Mus olinis famous Pontine marsh ag ricultural development in a fierce ocal engagement The Germans left 120 dead on the field as they were tossed back The Hermann Goering division formerly an armored grenadier outfit has been strengthened by new equipment to a fully armored unit It was last encountered on the main 5th army front Its ap pearance on the beachhead front indicated it had been shifted to counter the threat to the German rear Meanwhile other Americans ol the 5th army 48 miles east of Lit toria continuing to uproot Ger mans mines and meshed defenses struggled slowly forward across flooded streams and over sleep crags just north of Cassino where field dispatches said they were within half a mile of the Liri val ley gateway and were overlook ing the bombjumbled ruins of the ancient monastery town Patrols had penetrated the outskirts of the stronghold Some 4 miles farther north the French rushed down from their mountain positions on IMt II Lago in flje Sant Elia area across the Sccco river and the CassinoAlina road and attacked the Germans ou the slopes of Mt Belvedere Cassina itself appeared to have been largely abandoned by the Germans but their positions on the rugged mass of Mt Cairo and other hills nearby enabled them to rake the streets and ruined houses with their artillery Allied naval units continued to exert a powerful control over the coastal roads by which Germans could shift their fighting front from the Cassino area to the northern beachhead and again ploughed up sections near Formia Tuesday night with their plung specialized skills be utilized over Koons paled a ranger who partici the raid on Dieppe IS LIEUTENANT COLONEL Des Moines IP Horace E Pike former assistant attorney general of Iowa and a former Des Moines and Waterloo attorney has been promoted to lieutenant colone at the Deming N Men army school air forces bombardier with highly which cannot seas Replacements for reassigned enlisted men said Stimson when necessary will be made first from civilians next by wom ens army corps personnel then in order by men permanently dis qualified for overseas service men who have served overseas recent ly inducted men with physical handicaps enlisted men with less than 12 months service in fixed installations in the United States As to the officers over 38 Stim son said there are many for whom suitable assignments can not be found and that army com manders have been notified that the retention of such officers on active duty is no longer necessary or desirable in the public inter est Therefore if they cannot be reassigned they must be recom mended for relief from active duly Final decision in each case will be made by war depart ment France made his comment in an interview between addresses to the Iowa house and senate which were discussing soldier vote legis lations Koons who also participated in raids in Italy before returning home on a furlough early thi month said the toughest job o any for him would be going back to his home town Friday for a bond rally He declared it was easy for him to face a strange audience or a big crowd but I get stage fright when I have to so out before a small group in my home town He added he was flustered when lie spoke at his former high school recently He has been here several days speaking in behalf of the fourth war loan campaign Koons was introduced in the house by Representative Theo Hutchison R Algona The sol dier spoke briefly about the Dieppe raid declaring that plans for it were made for two months but word got out atid it wasnt as successful as it might have been It was a wonderful thing to have been there he added and Judge Favors Sock on Jaw to Control Wayward Youngsters Des Moines fP Municipal Judge Harry Grund who recent y has been sentencing juveniles found in taverns to 10 days in jail advocates a sock on the jaw rather than a slap on the wrist as the best means of controlling wayward youngsters Judge Grund expressed his views in an address lo the norlh high Y club Wednesday night The judge said he had been sentencing juveniles because he believed the few who served terms would never return again anc because he thought the example would frighten many others ou of visiting taverns He asserted that he disagreec with those who felt parents shoulc take all the blame delinquency for juvenil ospital ships the Berlin radio Thursday quoting Maroru higcmilsu Japanese foreign min ler The German radio as heard by T3C said Shigemitsu told the diet hat Japan lias protested many mes against the AngloAmerican inking of Japanese hospital ships nd so far no satisfactory answer as been given Therefore Japan now ready lo take adequate measures in retaliation a wonderful Ihing to be back i good old Iowa In addressing the senate late Koons said it vas several month after the Dieppe raid be ore h knew he had done anything ex ceptional He found out when he receivcc a letter from home containing clipping telling of his part in the raid and crediting him with be ing a hero Thats the way it is in this war the twicedecorated lowan asserted You do something they put it in your hometown paper and the first thing you know you are a riproaring hero Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Rain and colder changing lo snow Thursday night Friday snow flurries anc colder lowest temperatures ii Mason City 28 Iowa Rain changing to snow flur ries and ending Thursday nigh followed by fair Friday Consid crably colder Winds 35 to 4 miles an hour Minnesota Rain south and raino snow north portion this Thurs day afternoon and Thursday night changing to snow Friday forenoon and ending Friday af ternoon Much colder Friday Easterly winds will increase to 35 lo 40 miles an hour Thurs day afternoon and shift lo north to northwest Friday morning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statislics Maximum Wednesday 48 Minimum Wednesday night 36 At 8 a m Thursday 42 Rain 53 inch YEAR AGO ing shells This sea attack on ene my road traffic is continuing by day ami night Allied air forces despite deteri rnling weather put new rents in tlier sections of the German ommunication network in the ngle between Ihe 2 allied fronls lamrncring especially at Cisler nia Ccccano and Ilri The facl lhat Cisferna was bc ng attacked by allied bombs was evidence that that pivot point on he Aifpian Way and the main railway 24 miles southeast of Home and 12 miles inland from Ihe Netluno beach was still in German hands The presence of German suns there also indicated it was one of the strong points for defense of the Rome area Littoria is 13 miles due cost oC Nettuno and 4 miles from the coast It is 4 miles from the Ap pian Way The clash wilh German armor southwest of there may have in dicated that the British or Ameri cans had pushed forward across the Mussolini canal along which sharp clashes previously oc curred with German patrols The Americans on the old 5th Maximum Minimum 16 4 army front were making steady if painful progress in an encir cling maneuver against Cassino despite a hail of fire from every tvpe of German weapon and im pediment that could be devised by the enemy The French attack to Ihc norlh was against the slope of Mt Bel vederewhich rises to 2500 feel This is of strategic importance be cause of its approach lo MtCairo a 10mile long ridge bordcrins the via Cisilina to Rome The Secco which the French crossed is a tributary ot the Ra pido crossed bythe Americans to attack Cassino from the north and the Atina road which wafr ;