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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME E R HIST HEM A AS T OEPT QF COUP I A ots UOI N t s THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASES WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 27 1940 TM15 PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 96 70000 RUSSIANS ROUTED BY FINNS City of Flint Back Home Saga Is Told BALTIMORE The freigh ter City Flint rusty and ice flecked pulled into an American anchorage lor the iivst time in four months Saturday writing finis to its strange odyssey in ternational adventure From the lips or the 4953 ton ships skipper Capt Joseph A Gainard and from his doughty crew of 41 came again the story the Flints capture Tjy EI German manowar an enforced voyage with a German prize crew to Murmansk Rus sia and finally released off the coast of Norway The retelling was none the less dramatic Gainard smiled broad ly as he praised the splendid behavior my crew On Oct 3 113 days ago the Flint lef tNew York on its historic voyage that was to involve four countries and bring diplomatic notepassing On Oct 9 the Ger man pocket battleship Deulsch land captured her then put a prize crew aboard There were IS Germans all told commanded by a young Lieutenant Pushbach said Chief Engineer William II Logan They were armed with pistols daggers and hand grenades They made us understand they were taking charge and didnt leave us in any doubt Gainard said he cautioned his men against lighting with their captors and added that only once did they want to go to work on a German and that was when I restrained them The crew was raring to go arid ready to stop when I told them he added Shortly after the Germans came aboard I went down to the messroora and told them the consequences resist ance active or passive And I told them that we caused any trouble the next American ship which the Germans found on the high seas might be blown up and BELIEVE FIERCE BATTLE ENDED IN RED DEFEAT Hundreds Are Left Lying as Victims of Finns and Starvation HELSINKI crushing Russian defeat northeast Lake Ladoga with the capture of huge quantities 01 tanks and other war material by the Finns was report ed Saturday by unofficial Finnish sources Four Russian divisions be lieved to have totalled original ly 70000 men were said to be in disastrous retreat leaving thou sands dead and wounded on the wintry battlefields The Finnish sources indicated that the red army had Suffered its most outstanding disaster since its invasion of Finland began nearly two months ago These reports said the Russians desperately trying to escape from an icy trap into which Field Mar shal Baron Mannerheims generals had led them had abandoned hundreds tanks armored cars motorized antiaircraft guns and other artillery More red army material was said to have been destroyed How many Russian soldiers froze to death were killed or died of starvation still was un clear the Finns said but the be lief here was that only a frac tion of four divisions engaged in a Ionsdrawn battle in that area had succeeded in escaping Saturday nights army com munique was terse and non committal saying only that at tacks at various points northeast of Lake Ladoga had been re pulsed and some the attacking detachments were dispersed in en tirety On the sea the high command reported a Russian submarine had been destroyed Nazi Defeat Inevitable Predicts Churchill Shaking on Political Pact Senator Burton K Wheeler Montana democrat and Tolin L Lewis CIO chief shook hands at the United Mine Workers convention in Columbus Ohio and then said nothing on the subject that most interested political circles Whether Lewis will back Wheeler for the democratic presidential nomina tion Previous unofficial Finnish re ports on the fighting above Lake Ladoga had indicated two trapped not merely seized as we were The Germans were probably running short of food Gainard said for they showed interest in flour on the Flint Thirtyeight British seamen from the sunken freighter Stonegatc were brought aboard with the prize crew The British were released at Tramsoe Norway There was no motion picture stuff about it Gainard contin ued The Germans came aboard without fuss With the German leader I plotted a course for Germany Meanwhile ivc got the works from stormy weather We put in at Tramsoe Norway There we learned five ships had been sunk that night and many belligerent warships were near by so we went to Murmansk They were denied use of com munications to contact United States officials The Russians took their papers away and did not re turr them for five days Gainard was asked if the Rus sians at Murmansk looked hungry I The Russians had the same ex pression as cows in a field he said In Murmansk they saw the liners Bremen the New York St Louis and Hamburg The Bremen was taken there by the Germans to elude the British warships trying to intercept her after she sailed from New York about lime of the wars out break It was obvious Gainard said that the Russian officers in Mur mansk and the Germans didnt like each other There were stories Logan said that we had cnainc trouble andthat men were ill that that was why we went into Haugesuncl Norway from where we were re leased to come home That isn true The engines never stopper except when the Germans stopped them One man had a barked shin I have never been any place where people tried to be nicer to us than in Norway Their only in convenience was a lack of cigar ets The captain appeared tired bu was jovial The crew had shore leave and planned to enjoy their first pay day since their long adventure be gan APPOINTS JIOORHEAD DES M01NES iP Appoint ment of Frank G Moorhead as di rector of publicity for the demo cralic state central committee dur ing the campaign was an nounced by E H Birmingham democratic chairman Moorhea was the confidential agent and in vestigator for former Governoi Clyde L Herring and Nelson G Kraschel for six years soviet divisions might be beyond help while a crisis was expected momentarily for two others The Finnish command re ported the soviet dead were counted in the hundreds after a weeklone Russian assault on Finnish fortifications on the eastern shores of Lake Ladoga The Finns said their fronts were everywhere retained A sudden hush of Russian artil lery north the Arctic circle led the Finns to believe the enemy was moving back in preparation for a stand at the central soviet base in the Salla sector Brother of Laurens Representative Dies POCAHONTAS services will be held here Sunday for Cleland Gilchrist 79 brother of Congressman Fred C Gilchrist of Laurens who died here Fri day He wns Pocahontas county school superintendent from 1892 to and his father the late J Gilchrist founded the present State Teachers college at Falls FORMER KAISER 81 YEARS OLD 22Hohenzolleras in Nazi Army 1 Killed in Polish Campaign DOORiSf The Netherlands Shadows of another Eudopean war fell Saturday across observances of the 81st birthday of former Kaiser Wilhelm II The gay family celebration of other years was missing from Doom castle where the German warlord of 191418 maintains for malities of his former court and watches in exile the progress of another generation of Germans at war with the BritishFrench al lies if if Hoherizollerns in Adolf Hitlers army provide part of his interest in the flagged pins he sticks in war maps to follow the campaign He has 22 grandsons in the Ger man army Another Prince Oscar lost his life in the Polish cam paign The kaiser and Prince Hermine his wife invited members of his court a few dignitaries and friends in Doom village to a simple lunch Norris to Support Wheeler if F R Is Not in 40 Race SAYSCONVOYED SHIPS SAFE AS WAR CONTINUES Menace of Mines Is Controlled German Imports Curtailed MANCHESTER England Winston Churchill first lord of tiie admiralty Saturday asserted the odds were 500 to 1 against the Germans sinking any British con voyed merchant ship Churchill made a typically ag gressive speech in the packed free trade hall where two years ago he proposed that the league of nations he made all powerful so as to control any aggression The first lord of the admiralty predicted victory for the allies and a peace of truer progress and broader justice V Churchill said that Half of Ger manys uboats iiad been destroyed and that new building had fallen far short of what we originally estimated The menace of mines lie said was being controlled and Ger man imporls decisively curtailed and exports virtually cut oft On the other hand he declared Britains exports and imports were increasing steadily There have been losses Church ill said and losses will continue since so many war vessels are scattered over the seas protecting British shipping LOOK INSIDE FOR RONALD REAGAN Nebraskan Says Montanan for Presidency WASHINGTON V Senator Norris Nebraska independent ally of President Roosevelt said Saturday that he would support Senator Wheeler D Mont for the presidency if Wheeler ob tained the democratic nomination The 78yearold Nebraska congressional father of the new deals power development in the Tennessee valley has advocated a third term tor Mr Roosevelt re peatedly He told reporters Sat urday If Roosevelt is not the demo cratic candidate and Wheeler is I will support Wheeler I think he has made a wonderful record in the senate and is fully quali fied to bs president Norris declined to elaborate He has long been friendly with Wheeler and intimates said he had sought to patch up differ ences between his colleague and President Roosevelt 510000 TO MRS BOKAII WASHINGTON sen te appropriations subcommittee oted Saturday to pay to Irs William E Borah widow of he late Idaho republican But there were no visitors from Germany or other countries contrast with a year ago wiieti sons and grandsons came in gala uniform with their families Wilhelm graybearded and aging but still in fairly good health has been an exile since he abidcated and crossed the frontier into Holland Nov 10 1918 the day before the World war arm istice Forbidden as a guest of the neu tral Netherlands to discuss politi cal matters he keeps closely guarded his opinions of Fuehrer rlitler and the new war By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS HELSINKI Finns re port four large Russian forces in difficulties on southeastern front LOINDON British an nounce supplies to Finland will be expedited through contraband control C A P E T O W house defeats former prime ministers resolution call ing for peace between South Africa Germany T 0 K I over British seizure of German searrien continues as Japa nese term British explana tion unsatisfactory Ameri canJapanese trade pact lapses quietfy SPEED AID TO FINN FIGHTERS No Essential Wai Supplies Delayed British Declare LONDON ministry of economic warfare announced Sat urday that special steps had been taken by the government to insure the speedy delivery to Finland of supplies from other cluding the United to avoid delays for such materials in the British contraband control The nature of these measures was not explained but a ministry spokesman emphasized that no es sential war supplies such as air planes had been subject to delays The announcement was in tended to counter reports from Finland that some ships carrying war materials to the Finns had been delayed several days at the British contraband control base at Kirkwall in the Orkney islands Wheeler the president fell out when the Montanan led the successful fight against the chief executives court reorganization bill in 1937 Since then Wheeler liys opposed several important ad ministration measures including the government reorganization and neutrality revision bills He was a caller at the white house this week however and asso ciates reported Mr Roosevelt re ceived him cordially At the invitation of John L Lewis Wheeler spolcc before the United INIine Workers conven tion in Columbus Ohio Friday but did not refer to his poten tial candidacy for the presi dency In addition to Norris declara tion Senator Adams D Colo said Saturday that Wheeler would have a substantial vote when the democratic convention meets Thirdterm talk was kept alive meanwhile by a conference Pres ident Roosevelt had Friday with Norman M LHtell assistant at torney general Marshall E Di Mock second assistant secretary of labor and Oscar L Chapman assistant secretary of the interior Last year John L Lewis said that Littell and DiMock had under token to arrange a conference of western progressives for the se cret purpose of promoting a third term boom What the officials discussed with Mr Roosevelt was not dis closed BREAK IN COLD WAVE FORECAST Temperatures Will Continue Rise on Sunday Is Belief MOINES weather bureau forecast a definite break Saturday in the subzero cold wave that has held Iowa In an icy grip for two weeks Temperatures will range from five to 15 degrees above zero in the state Saturday night the bur eau said and will rise still further Sunday The forecast ended the worst cold wave Iowa has experienced since 1936 which was the most severe in 117 years Cloudy skies will accompany the rise in temperature Sunday the bureau said The mercury skidded to a 16 degree below minimum Friday night nt Red Oak after touching Former lowan Now in Movies Weds Actress PAGE 2 Mason City Wins With TwoPoint Cage Margin PAGE J Feb 29 Deadline for Wheat Insurance PAGE 8 YOUTHFULBANK ROBBER FACES MURDER TRIAL Gunman Who Held Up Mclntire Bank Said to Have Slain Man James Elmer Charleson 21 St Cloud Minn gangster who was identified as the lone and he goggled bandit who held up the Aetna Savings bank at Mclntire Oct 27 and escaped with SBOO will go on trial for murder in Chattanooga Tenij Jan iO it WHS revealed here Saturday Charleson who also is wanted for a S700 bank holdup in Mon terey IMimi Dec 11 is await ing trial for the murder of a de tective who was killed in a gun battle at the time of Charlcsoiis capture Cashier R D Williams and Bookkeeper Grace OBiien Mcln ire bank employes said photo graphs of Churlcson resembled he bandit who pointed a gun at them and grabbed the money I am not positive that he Charleson wns the man Cash ier Williams stated Friday ns he Four Burn to Death in Blaze in Illinois MACOMB Til youn woman and three children burncc to death Saturday in a fire tha destroyed their home as they slept The victims were Mrs Olive Wishon 22 o divorcee her daugh ter Connie Roberta 2 her son Junior Duanc 9 months and he sister Olcdia Shilps 8 One of Coldest North Iowa Months Irrespective of what 11 e weather is for the remainder of January the month is going to go down into the records as one of the coldest dealt out to North Iowa in iiistory Up to and including Saturday the average January tempera ture had been 52 degrees above zero The normal January av erage is 147 degrees which means that this month has been almost 10 degrees lower than normal On 19 of the iirst 21 days in January there has been a mini mum temperature of zero or colder the lowest reading being 23 below on the morning of Jan 18 On three days the mercury never rose above zero in the 21 hour period Moisture for the month thus far has totaled 63 an inch based on a total of 7 inches of snow a high of 14 degrees above zero Friday at Dubuque Other cold spots were Atlantic 14 below and Mount Ayr Omaha and Washington 10 below At St Joseph Mo the mercury touched a frigid 24 below zero Friday night for the second con secutive nighl There was no great change in temperature over the state Satur day morning the bureau said readings still standing about 20 degrees below normal Skies were mostly clear with westerly winds in all portions of the state except the western part which reported southerly winds We shall have to pay unrelent ing toll for the maintenance of the mastery of the sea Very many homes in our dockyard cities have been darkened by tragedy but I urn sure the sympathies of our people go out to our loyal seamen as they toil by day and by night upon the dangerous stormy waters doing their duty with unrivaled skill and courage so that we may eat our daily bread Churchill speaking Saturday on the progress of the war de clared that when the war staned in September everybody expected air bombings There never was such a war that seemed so likely to carry its terrors into every home he said and there never was a war when the people were so united The government he went on has not failed to rise to the fight against aggression oppression and wrongdoing from which there can be no turning back We cannot tell into what re gions the struggle will carry or how long it will last x x x but we can be sure that in the end right eousness and freedom will win and justice will reign We are sure of this and we are determined to piny our part x x x faithfully and to the end He told the gathering of the German work of laying mines Even humble fishing boats have been attacked with incen diary bombs and their crews left to drown nr subjected to the fire of machine guns x x x Our navy has had io cope with all these various forms of at tack JAPS DISLIKE BRITAIN REPLY Reconsideration of Japanese Protest on Seizure of 21 Asked TOKIO Japanese for eign office Saturday night indi cated thai Britains reply to Japans protest against seizure of 21 Germans from the liner Asama Maru was unsatisfactory A communique issued alter a twohour conference between For eign Minister Hachiro Arita nnci British Ambassador Sir Robert Leslie Craigie in which the reply was delivered said AriUi de manded of leg alistic expositions contained in the reply Both Japanese and British sources said the meeting had pro duced no agreement of views but conversations will be continued The British note is to be published Monday It was understood to set forth Britains interpretation of international law governing such cases A British cruiser took Hie Ger mans off the liner last Saturday within 35 miles of Yokohama The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair in cast increas ing cloudiness in west not so cold Saturday night Sundav partly cloudy to cloudy with rising temperature M I X K E S O T A Increasing cloudiness and not so cold Sat urday nighl Sunday unsettled with rising temperature prob ably some light snow in north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Saturday IWaximum Friday 3 Minimum in Night 7 At 8 a m Saturday 6 At 2 p m Saturday 22 YEAR AGO Maximum 28 Minimum 4 WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO out look for the week beginning Jan 29 Upper Mississippi valley northern great plains Tempera tures normal or higher for mos part not much precipitation indi cated Nazi Plane Attacks Guns French Column PARIS German plane attacked a column French trucks with machine gun fire Sat urday for the first time in the war military reports said adding that no damage was done Three British planes attempted to engage the raider which banked into the clouds and escaped JAMES ELMER UHARLESOX vas so covered that all we could ec was his nose and mouth Charleson wore colored goggles i sheepskin coat with collar turned up and a cap pulled down iver his forehead at the time ot the Mclnttrc stickup State and Mitchell county offi cials said Friday that Charleson was the bandit who held up both Ihc Mclntire and the Monterey banks Officers also stated that Charleson was nlonc at lie time of the bank robberies and the car used at Mclntire was stolen from Minneapolis Cliarleson raptured in a wild Klin battle in a tourist cabin on loukuut mountain in which his companion Charles lingers of Chicago and a Chat tanooga detective Clyde Ship Icy were killed and Charlcsons sweetheart from Minneapolis was shot through the head The wounded moll Patricia McDonald IU is recovering from bullet injury The bullet entered the back of her head and came out near her forehead Another Solution to llic iMcIntirc hank robbery was seen Friday when Cashier K D Williams and bookkeeper Grace OBrien ahovc identified lames Elmer Charleson as the nnr they thought hcid up the bank last Octnbcr ;