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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper HOME EDITION I MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE f H I NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIX Associated Press and United Press Full Lcaso Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 26 1953 This Paper Consists ot Two No 91 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Dewey Would Be Quite a Reporter TT lingers in my mind that Thomas E Dewey the New York Gov ernor who was willing to be Presi dent grew up in a journalistic atmosphere His father as I recall it was publisher of a little paper at Owosso Mich Well Im ready to believe that now that Ive spent a couple of evenings with Mr Deweys book Journey to the Far Pacific Its an excellent job reporting to say the least Some printers ink must have brushed off on Tom Dewey and helped give him a nose for news While the New Yorker would dis claim any suggestion that his lim ited time in Japan Korea Okina wa Formosa the Philippines Hong Kong IndoChina Malaya Angkor and Indonesia made him an authority on the Far East Ill say on my own account that he packed into the books 335 pages an amazing sum of information about that seething section of our troubled world The Governor had with him on this jaunt some able and congenial friends All doors were open to him He could go where he wanted see whom he wanted and report exactly what he saw heard and felt A good reporter can make the most of a situation like and as Ive already suggested Tom Dewey proved himself to be a good reporter Why Were Interested Morse Wages Losing Fight to Block Wilson Allies Halted in Program Korean Fight UN Planes Rip Commie Positions SEOUL fighterbomb ers ripped into Communist battle front positions Monday afler UN troops took a licking on the West ern Korean Front in an elaborate lyplanned program raid The hours raid was the heav iest ground aclion of the new year Allied infanlry tanks flamethrow ers artillery and planes thrown into the assault on were Spud Pamphlet and correspondents In this visit with you Id like to give major attention to his chapter on Korea At this time and for understandable reasons theres a tremendous interest in that little Asiatic peninsula A good many American boys are facing death there at this very moment Thais reason enough for our highly dethere werent veloped interest in Korea throwers In a quite remarkable way the Dewey book contains an answer and I believe the right answer in most cases r to the questions which are troubling us I propose grimly to dip into the volume for the spc cific material with most to rec ommend it along this line But before 1 start that may pause just a moment to let Mr Dewey appraise the Japanese em peror Hirohito And Ill start with his conclusion I left Japan convinced that the Allied decision lo retain the Em peror was wise I believe too that the Crown will be a powerful force Jor a stable free Japan And now for a look at Hirohitos personality Just Like His Pictures The little man once billed as a member of the Deity in good standing entered the room where Mr Dewey was waiting shook hands cordially and then sat down for a conversation conducted through ah interpreter Hewore a dark suit a white shirt and a loose tie as he peered out with half closed eyes through thicklcnsed glasses just as in his pictures Hill Get High brass in advance with pamphlet describing each phase of the from nearby bunkers Called Operation Smack it had been planned since Jan 19 But the Chinese Reds were ready They caught the charging UN infantrymen in a deadly cross fire Then the Allied troops tried to burn out the Reds with flame hrosvers However in many in stances the flamethrowers ran out of fuel AP Correspondent For rest Edwards reported from the the southern end of T Bone a hail of artillery shells and napalm jelliedgasoline AP Wireyhoto WAITING THE WORD TO MOVE line of American tanks await the word to move up in support of Allied infantrymen staging an assault on Spud Hill at the southern end of a hill mass known as TBone Hill Even with the tank support the care fully planned attack bogged down and was turned back when the advancing troops were caught in a Communist crossfire In State Ike Slated to Offer Blueprint of Policies WASHINGTON IP President Eisenhower will deliver his Stateof theUnion Message in person to a joint session of Congress inext Monday at am congression al leadersannounced Monday The State oi the Union message will be a blueprint of Hold iowan in Hit and Run Death MAQUOKETA C Wil son 50 of Maquokela is being held in Jackson County Jail in cornice lion w i t h Ihe death of William Clark 02 of Monmoulh la whose body was found along Highway 01 also failed to dislodge the Com munists One of the Allied wounded told Edwards If we could only have had more flamethrowers we could have burned right through them We were doing a good job hut suddenly any more flame Out of Fuel Another wounded man told AP Photographer Frred Waters that the flamethrowers ran out of fuel and elded grimly And so did the guy who was shooting it An Eighth Army spokesman de clined to report Allied casualties bul estimated 95 Chinese were killed After the raid Fifth Air Force and Navy carrier planes swarmed over the entire front The Navy re ported that planes from the car riers Kearsargc and Oriskany knocked out 300 yards of Commu U S Reveals New Series of Tests on Atom Weapons Sunday Wilson was arrested Sunday Will Build inois Plant WASHINGTON govern nist trenches gun positions trucks and 44 nine bunkers two and destroyed 36 buildings While discussing foreign af fairs Mr Dewey recalls in his book Hirohito seemed under con siderable strain Bul it all disap peared after a few minutes when he introduced the subject of farm ing He was a different man re laxed and completely absorbed in a conversation about comparative Japanese and methods American farming It developed later according lo the Governor that the Emperor had learned of the Dewey interest in farming from a memorandum is Hke supplied by the Minister of Agri culture in Premier Yoshidas cabinet Throughout the conversation it was evident lo the American that Hirohito understood English well enough to smile or laugh at the right time as Dewey carried the ball conversationally But he pre fers not to speak it because of the possibility of misunderstanding He must uphold his regal position even though he is far more a symbol than an actual power His Hearts in Biology The truth says Mr Dewey in summation is that Hirohito is not by nature a politician atjall by na tural bent and choice he is an amateur biologist He spends all the time he can in biological studies and is the author of a re spected twovolume work on the flora and fauna of Tokyo Bay His Royal Highness the Ameri can party learned later personally tends a garden of his own on the palace grounds and greatly enjoys the annual ceremonial rice plant Ing when tradition requires him to go into the fields and transplant the first shoots of rice But Ive spent altogether too Biuch time on Japan which means CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Collins Arrives in War Zone for Van Fleet Talks SEOUL J Lawlon Col lins Army chief of staff and Gen Mark Clark United Nations Far East commander arrived Monday for a meeting with the re tiring Eighth Army Commander Gen James A Van Fleet Collins said Van Fleets retire ment did not nccessarily mean a change in United Nations policy in Korea He said he would meet Van Fleets successor Lt Gen Max well D Taylor when Taylor ar rives in Tokyo in a few days Collins said he to see at first hand what the local situation ment Monday announced a new series of atomic weapons tests and picked the site for a 29 million dollar plant to turn out more or less conventional explosives The tests will begin in March at the Yucca Flats in Nevada where 20 previous atomic explosions have been touched off Las Vegas Tests The Atomic Energy Commission said it will test new and im proved nuclear devices at the proving grounds 65 miles from Las Vegas The devices presumably will include atomic artillery shells Some mystery surrounds the function of the commissions new est plant to be erected along the Spoor River in Southwestern Illi nois The AEC announcement said it will be a new explosives process ing and assembly plant which will not manufacture radioactive ma terial Later a commission spokesman said the plant would not even handle radioactive the prime ingredient ot atomic weap would assemble less conventional explosives The spokesman declined to elab orate except A to say if there wasnt some connection between conventional explosives and atomic Pastor Lives Dies Alone WARLEGGAN Cornwall Eng hermit rector of Warleg who preached only to empty pews for has given his last sermon The Rev Frederick rpemharn boycottedby his since 1931 was found dead Saturday night stairway of His rectory He was 83 Police said death was due to natural causes Densham fell out with his congregation when he decided to abol ish the Sunday School They also complained he held services at odd hours erected a barbed wire barricade around the rectory and let savage watchdogs roam inside to insure his privacy The 160 members of the parish then boycotted the church But Densham went right on conducting 2000 in more than two empty pews after Sheriff Lorin Kclderman saic he found Uvo small pieces oC headlight at the accident scene which match a broken headlight on Wilsons car Feldcrman snid the headlight fragments enabled him to determine the car was a 1941 or 1942 Sludebakcr A check of all such cars in Jackson County led o Wilsons car Wilson charged with leaving the scene of an accident waived pre iminary hearing when arraigned before Justice of the Peace Clifford Miller Wilson was bound over to and policies of the Eis i n h o w e r administration irst Republican government in 20 years House Speaker Joseph W Mar in Jr Mass announced the plans or the Presidents appearance aft er he and eight other lopranking GOP House and Senate leaders spent two hours with the President at Ihe White House covering the outstanding matters lo be included in the message Marlin said Mondays niccling the first regular legislative confer cnce since Mr Eisenhower look office was very interesting Go Over Matters House andSenate GOP leaders went over all of the matters which will be treated by the President in his Stale of the Union Message Martin said Senate GOP Leader Robert A Taft Ohio was among those svhb Cash Not Stock for Nominee GOP Confident of Wilson OK WASHINGTON OR Wayne Morse IndOre launched in the Senate Monday a almost certainly losing fight to jlock confirmation of Charles E Wilson as secretary of defense While Morse and a few other senators were trying hard to block Wilsons appointmentSan Salton stall RMass announced that Gen eral Motors has agreed to make a cash settlement with Wilson in stead giving him additional slock he is due to receive as a bonus for past service Asks Confirmation As chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee1 Sal Lonstall asked for confirmation of Wilson former presidentof GM attended the early bird meetings am He said also the group went over a long list of svibjects lo be included in lie presidential message We dont want to give you i ine on what it is Taft said be cause after all it is his message Taft explained the message is district court and bond was fixed at Dr J A Broman county cor oner said Clark died of ra skul f r t u r apparently receivcc when he was struckby a car Mediators Try to Settle Strike on Great Western CHICAGO railroad mediators expected to arrive here Monday will attempt to bring a swift end to a strike by operating rail unions against t h e Chicago and Great Western Railroad Federal Mediator Frank Switzer to be secretary of defense As the debate on Wilson began cnale Republican leaders were onfidcnt of an approving vote for iim to become head of the De ensc Department Their chief concern was whether hey could win approval for the men Wilson has tapped with Pres cient Eisenhowers acquiescence o be his chief Opposition wnichhas up o two of them was aasubjectoE discussionat forenoon confer BULLETIN UNITED NATIONS N Y Henry Cabot Lodge began his job as new chief U S delegate to the United Nations Monday with a request for an FBI investiga tion of all his subordinates and also all Americans employed by the UN itself four members of the RailroadMediation Board were called here after his own ifforts lo avert the walkout proved The grateful Republic of Korea gave its highest Fleet Monday award to Van weapons the AEC would not be working with them and B lo re call that the AEC had said prev iously it isworking with conven tional high explosives at its pan lex plant near Amarillo Tex Ground Broken Ground for the Illinois plant will be broken early in the spring Nearly 10000 acres of ground will be set aside for the plant It will be erected in the Illinois Flat lands some 18miles cast of Macomb about 55 miles south west of Peoriaand about 45 miles south of Galesburg The Atomic Energy Commission said the plant will be operated by a private contractor not yet se lected but that hiring of operating personnel will not be started until the plant is nearly complete prob ably in the middle of 1954 fruitless The strike called Sunday morn 19 Are Killed in Plane Crash ROME twoengined Italian airliner making its last flight from Sardinia to Rome crashed in flames Monday in the mountains east of Cagliari killing all pas sengers and four crew members The DC3 passenger plan crashed into the Sinnai Mountains 10 miles east of Cagliaris Elmos Airport 10 minutes after taking off on its morning flight to Rome Rescue parlies were sent to the scene but it took hours to reach the burned wreckage in the isolated mountain district First reports back to Cagliari said no survi vors were found ng halted freight shipments over 1500 miles of tracks in five mid Office Closed J H McWaters Chicago Great Western freight and passenger agent in Mason City said Mon day that the Mason City office has been completely shut down and that most employes are be ing furloughed because of the strike There had been no pick eting locally he said Mail deliv eries to some 70 Iowa towns will be slowed down by the strike but Mason be wel supplied by other railroads Mail will be trucked to communities served only by Chicago Great Western Two Striking Printers Held DA V E N P 0 R faced assault and battery charges here Monday in the beating of a nonstriking printer who works at the strikebound Davenport Times and Democrat Police seized William Raymond Keith 29 and Williarm Stewart Bam berry 44 shortly after printer Harry Wood was attacked early Sunday morning Policeman Forrest Ashcraft said he witnessed the attack after be ing warned lo watch for trouble tje said police got a call that a cab bringing nonunion printers from the newspaper to the Black hawk Hotel was being followed by twocarloads of men Ashcraft said the cars arrived at iot actually written yet and wha Ihey received this morning wa just an outline oE what Mr Eisen hower plans to say Also discussed1 wasthe hitch o the nomination ot Charles E Wil son to be defense secretary and the designJilion of a deputy secre tary and he three service secre taries Taft expected Senate con firmation of Wilson later Monday He pointed out that Ihc nomina tions for the and Ihrcc others have not yet beenfor mally submitted and it is up to him Eisenhower to decide what to do cnce of the President and his con gressional leaders at the White House Uobert T B Stevens Army sec retarydesignate and Harold Tal bolt Air Forces secretarydesig nate have run into the same criti cism Wilson encountered that they arc substantial stockholders in firms with defensgcorrtracfg Asked right after IhV White House meeting whether Eisenhow er still planned to make formal About The Weaiher Mason City Partly cloudy Monday night low 20 lo 25 Tuesday partly cloudy Partly cloudy with no Iowa de the hotel at Ihe same time and several men jumped out He said Wood was pummeled by Keilh and Bamberry who said they are mem bers of the AFL International Ty pographical Union that is on strike against the Davcjnport papers cided change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday Minnesota Tuesday cloudy and a little colder snow flurries north cast GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 25 Minimum 1C At 8 a m 17 YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 13 nominations of Stevens and Taf bott GOP Senate Leader Taft said Well he hasnt sent them up lo the Senate It is up lo him lo decide Forrrial Nominations But later at the Senate Taffc old newsmen he did not expect any nominatipns subordinates until action oh Wilsons nomina tion He said he presumed there vould be formal nominations then Taft said he believedTalbott and1 Stevens were waiting forjfinal ac ion in the Wilson case before com ing forward with any proposals as to their stockholdings western slates Pickets marched at most important stations of the Great Western The walkout was called by the brotherhoods of locomotive engi neers railroad trainmen firemen and enginemen and Order of Rail way Conductors Ihe Switchmens Later in theday Union of North America joined the strike in some areas Say Courts Martial a Pity AP Hayworth dis played a rare halfsmile Monday when she met with in R e n oNev where she is ex pected to file divorce proceedings against Aty playboy Mos lem prince WASHINGTON WVW h y would soldiers with a proud record of valor in combat suddenly disobey orders and refuse lo fight That is the underlying question in a coldly legal issue coming up for formal review by the judge advo cate general and the Military Court of Appeals It is a puzzler that taunts the Pentagon high command as well as command The the key to what some officers call a great he courts martial of 91 men anc the Korea field answer could be ne officer of the 65th Puerto Hi can Regiment for refusing to at tack a Communist position Army headquarters is reserving opinion until full details arrive Perhaps Gen J Lawton Collins Army chief of staff will get some details first hand on his current visit to the battlefront But some officers including some who saw the 65th fight cour ageously through the long early months of the Korean War sug gested factors that might have con ributed lo the paradoxical situa tion Refusal lo obey orders in bailie is serious offense It can cost the lives of other soldiers as the Army charges it did in this case The sentences imposed by the court martial in Korea ranged from dishonorable or bad conduct dis charges to a 10year imprisonment in one case Four were acquitted and another case is pending The review of the court martial action is automatic Wilson won clearance from the Armed Services Committee by agreeing to sell 2Vi million dollars worlh of General Motors slock he now holds Some senators were insistent of this because General Motors is a big defense contractor and a fed eral law bars a US official from transacting business with any com pany with which he holds even an indirect financial interest Even then questions were raised about the bonus stock due to be given to Wilson in the future Saltonstall tolcUthe Senate that Wilson has obtained an agreement under which General Motors will pay him cash at the market value at the time of his confirmation for 1737 shares of stock he was fo re ceive as a bonus Saltonstall described this as clearing up the last connection of Wilson with General Motors He no longer will own any stock of General Motors and has severed all connections with its manage ment the senator said While the debate was on Sen Hendrickson RNJ sent a state ment to newsmen saying he would vote for Wilsons confirmation but would not be bound to any future course of action upon nominations which may fall into a similar cate gory and which are not met with in the same forthright and courag eous manner Hendricksons statement ap peared to be an indirect reference to Stevens and Talbolt Stevens is a multimillionaire New Jersey textile manufacturer AP Wlrephoto MORNING happysmiling Harry Truman ex President of the United States greets reporters early Monday morning outside his Independence Mo home be fore starting onhis regular rnorning walk However this time the former chief executive took his rooming consti tutional alone except for the small group of newsmen that tagged along V SAME ;