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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEICHIORS HOME EDITION VOL LVII Associated Press and United Press PulJ Lease Wires Five Cents a COPJI MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JANUARY 26 1951 This Paper Consists of Two One No 93 USon Brink of AilOut Controls Consider Price Rollback on Levels of Dec 15 to Jan 15 By MAX HALL Washington ff The natio teetered again Friday on th verge of allout price and wag controls The latest information froi harassed and haggard officials wa that 1 Saturday afternoon is t h likeliest time for issuing the orders but dont count on i They may come later The could come Friday 2 Officials now are consider Ing a price rollback to the high est levels of the period Dec 15 t Jan 15 but they are waiting un til the last possible moment to in Bert the rollback date 3 A general wage formula which would permit laggin wages to come up to a certain stan Says Priority More Important Than Control New York M Baruch said Thursday that price controls alone wont suf fice in the present situation and that the government should be setting up a priorities sys tem as part of its mobilization effort Before boarding a plane at La Guardia field for his estate at Georgetown S Car the financier and onetime presi dential adviser told reporters They are making such a point about price controls alone But this is only part of it Priority is the most important thing in allout mobilization which I am asking for dard cannot be completed this week and therefore a temporary flat freeze of wages may be or dered as a stopgap Not Unanimous 4 But the flat freeze of wages has been the price freeze with the wage stabilization board has been un able to get a unanimous vote The 3 labor members of the 9 man board hesitated to vote for a freeze Chairman Cyrus S Ching felt that it would disturb labor management peace if he orderec a freeze without a unanimous vote This led to the possibility that a higher authority Econom ic Stabilizer Eric Johnston would have to issue the wage freeze him self Thats the current status of the offagainonagain effort to check the rising cost of living Subject to Change Officials werent kidding them selves Everything was subject to change on tice The governments economic chiefs from Johnston up to De fense Mobilizer Charles E Wilson and from Wilson up to President Truman were apparently deter mined that prices and wages must be brought under immediate con trols and simultaneously if pos sible The office of price stabilization headed by Michael V DiSalle was ready with its price practically ready The impact is expected to fall upon all goods ex cept new automobiles and cow hides and except those things that cannot legally be controlled under the defense production act like pork and most other farm products Prices of automobiles and cow hides have already been frozen bv separate orders The wage control picture was less clear Acceptable to Both Chairman Ching wants wage controls to be acceptable to both labor and management He thinks thats the only way wage controls can be really effective Labor unions have never smiled upon the idea of a wage freeze They want flexible controls if a all There were plenty of indica tions that most unions would co operate in a temporary freeze if it were ordered by the govern Johnston for but their representatives on the wage board balked at taking part in the order 70YearOld Women Volunteer as Wardens North Adams Mass sisters who admit to being about 70 dont think theyre too old to serve their does the local civil defense director Mrs Ethel Lockwood and Mrs Vila R Peterson volunteered and were accepted as civil defense wardens Thursday Kenneth Kitts widely sought FUGITIVE KITTS IS A FAMILY MAN mysterious escape from the Linn county jail at Cedar Rapids late Monday or early Tues day is shown in a recent picture with his family in Omaha Kitts who has a long police rec ord was being held at Cedar Rapids in connection with the Laurens bank robbery Left to right are his wife Lillian son Kenneth 6 Kitts and his daughter Connie 4 Kenneth Kitts Will Be Found FBI Declares Omaha federal bureau of investigation agent Friday ex pressed confidence that fugitive Xenneth Kitts would be found Well pics him up declarec James Ballon chief agent in harge of the Omaha FBI office Kills mysteriously escaped ear y this week from the Linn coun ty jail at Cedar Rapids Iowa where he was being held in con nection with the Laurens bank robbery Poor Prints Dalton said the fact Kills fin erprints were not found on 1946 Hudson abandoned in Des Vloines does not rule out the pos sibility that it was the Omahans 1st escape car Unless prints are made on metal or glass surface1 he said they are rarely clear and even such prints will be quickly ab sorbed by exposure to air The car was stolen Monday night from within two blocks he Linn county jail It was dusted for fingerprints but those 3f Kitts were not found In Council Bluffs Pottawatta mie County Sheriff Gaylord Stuel said Friday that there is ossibility of a connection be ween an auto stolen in Omaha nd found burning near Council Bluffs Thursday and the Kitts iscape Stuelke said however he was lot certain of any connection Expensive Model The late model expensive au omobile apparently had been de iberately doused with gasoline nd burned Pottawattamie coun y officers said R 0 Hickman of Omaha said lie car a 1950 Lincoln disap eared from in front of his home vhile he was out of town between an 3 and 5 Authorities said the fenders ad been removed to permit com lete combustion of the tires Vhen found the license plates missing the motor serial umbers rubbed out and the win dws and instrument panel melted Evidence Points to Stockpile of ABombs for Troop Support owa Blizzard s On the Way Des Moines IP Snow high inds and intensely cold weather near blizzard conditions long the northern border were orecast for Iowa Friday by the eather bureau It said snow would fall over most of the state Friday night and aturday Northwesterly winds rising to 5 to 40 miles per hour were pre icted for Saturday Low temperatures of 20 to 25 elow in northern Iowa by Satur ay night were forecast Fridays ws will range from zero to 18 bove the weather bureau report 1 The weather bureau said that strong shifting winds Friday ight and Saturday would result near blizzard conditions along he northerly border The high Thursday was 27 at ncnandoah Mason City had the w one above 8AME 29 no traffic dcatk In Robbers Take Loot at Filling Station Charles broke a pane of glass out of a window at the Cities Service oil station on Fifth street Thursday night and police were investigating Friday They got away with two peanut vending machines a car battery two cases of motor oil 6 cans of Drought and gasoline from the pumps Officers believe they found the key to the pump inside the station Bert Bean is operator of the station By ELTON C FAY Associated Press Military Reporter Washington the United States now stocking up enough atom bombs so they could be used as battlefield weapons instead of husbanded for use only on vitally important target cities of an en emy There seems to be accumulating evidence pointing in that direc tion although no one h a s an nounced any official figures re garding the top secret size of the Abomb stockpile References This includes some new and in teresting if oblique references by men who should be quite qual ified as authorities including President Truman and David Lili enthal former chairman of the atomic energy commission Tucked away in the budget mes sage the president sent to con gress earlier this month was a lit tle line about industrialtype production of weapons of the lat est approved design That gave a distinct impression that no longer is it necessary laboriously virtually to handmake each atom bomb from an inadequate supply civilian populations in industrial target cities strategic Whether they would be equally valid in the case of Abomb use against enemy military forces in the field tactical bombing is an unresolved question of raw materials Then there is LiHenthals dis cussion in the current issue of Col liers magazine about the nation al Fixation on the Big ABomb with little interest in any lesser or more limited kind of warfare than the mass destruction use of the weapon In the Field Lilienthal speaks of the very real usefulness of atomic bombs so engineered that they could be used in the field for the function hat artillery is now used or by air drops in support of our own or against enemy troops or to destroy particular military tar gets such as oil fields marshal ing yards and ports of entry and supply Then there was the reference ast fall by Gen Omar Bradley chairman of the joint chiefs of staff to the atomic bomb having definite application as a tac ical weapon supporting ground troops He said in that role it could be used for defense of west ern Europe It is significant that Bradley didnt project that idea to some years hence He spoke of vestern European defense an ex iting problem Actually a considerable amount of detailed study already has been iven to use of Abombs on a bat tlefront Maj Gen James M Gavin a member of the weapons system evaluation group of the defense department recently made a com jarison of the effect of an Abomb and a conventional artillery bar age Writing for the publication Armed Forces Journal Gavin igured that Approximately 8000 medium artillery shells per square mile over a 4 to 5 square mile area with i much heavier concentration in he center of the area than on the ringcs makes a reasonable com parison with the model T bomb Not Korea The model T atomic bomb is ike the early type used on Hiro hima which while it had the po ential energy of 20000 tons of i TNT had a destructive force equivalent to about 1300 tons However the question of wheth atomic bombs could be used low for offsetting superior enemy nanpower as in the instance of Korea is not a simple military matter of the sufficiency of the stockpile or ability to deliver the bombs on the enemy It is involved in international policies moral and political con siderations and the longdebated question of whether Russia might seize upon use of the bomb in Korea to enter the war with retal iatory atomic attacks Those ques tions arose originally out of pos sible use of the bomb against France Invites 11 Nations to Form Army Paris ff France Friday in vited 11 European nations to meet in Paris Feb 6 to form a single European army out of their pres ent and planned armed forces The nations are the 10 Euro pean members of the Atlantic pact plus the eastern German federal republic a foreign office spokes man said Canada and the United States have been invited to send ob servers The conference will be opened by Premier Rene Pleven who leaves Saturday at midnight by plane for Washington where he will outline his plan for a Euro pean army in detail to President Truman In Bonn the West German capital a government spokesman said the French invitation had been received there Government circles said the Germans are cer tain to accept Strong UN Elements Rip Closer to Korean Capital Weather Report FORECAST City Snow Friday night Mason and Saturday Strong shifting winds 3540 M P H and near blizzard conditions Low Friday night near zero Falling tem peratures Saturday Iowa Snow over most of state Friday night and Saturday Strong shifting winds late Fri day night and Saturday with nearblizzard conditions devel oping along the northern border Winds shifting to northwesterly 3540 M P H Saturday Low Friday night zero to 10 above north 10 to 18 south Falling temperatures Saturday Further outlook Snow flurries strong northwesterly winds and in tensely cold Saturday night Lows of 20 to 25 below northern Iowa and 5 below southern Iowa Saturday night Clear and cold Sunday with high zero to 10 above Iowa 5day weather outlook Temperature will average 12 to 18 degrees below normal except near normal in southern Iowa Saturday Normal highs 26 north 35 south Normal low 6 above north 14 south Turning colder Sunday with rising trend toward middle of next week Precipitation will average one tenth to twotenths inches oc curring as snow or snow flur ries Sunday Minnesota Blizzard developing Friday night and continuing Saturday Several inches of dry powdery snow and strong shift ins winds resulting in a blinding snow storm with heavy drifting Low Friday nighl zero to 5 be low south 515 below north Falling temperatures Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 10 Minimum At 8 a m 5 Precipitation trace YEAR AGO Maximum 1 Minimum SUI Head Sees Need of Liberal Arts Clear universitj should strive for excellence In thi critical days ahead nothing but thi best will see us through These were the closing words o Virgil M Hancher president o the University of Iowa in an address before the 7county ses sion of S U I at the All Veteran Social Center Thursday evening President Hancher had previ ously considered the question What is a good man worth Ir his answer he gave several illus trations to show that shortsighlec economy had in the long run proved painfully expensive With holding funds to operate an insti tution of higher learning at a hig level he contended is not gooc business Exceptional cooperation among colleges and departments in the university has enabled that insti tution to gain maximum benefit from a minimum of expenditure a fact reflected in the disparity o appropriations as between Iowa and its neighboring states Bu there is a limit to such an econ omy Difficulties Ahead The next few years said Doctor Hancher are certain to be difti cull ones for universilies and col leges Men of college age are cer tain he said to be included in the nations effort to make itself mili tarily strong in a minimum time There is he said a remark able similarity between the pres ent situation and the problem fac ing the university when Mrs Hancher and I came to Iowa City a brief decade ago Universal military training for 18 or 19 year olds and a selective service for males up to 26 are a likely combination in the years just ahead But whatever the exac setup campuses are sure to be short of young men in the years just ahead Asks Understanding The Iowa educator spoke oj democracy as just one of several forms of government in which jus tice freedom and truth can be achieved Its a means to an end not an end in itself he pointed out and there must be tolerance anc understanding of peoples seeking these goals by another road While recognizing the necessity for professions and technical skills Mr Hancher insisted that liberal arts and the humanities have a vastly important role in the world of today and tomorrow The test of a liberal education he observed is contained in the question Could we recreate the civilization we have if it were destroyed At this point President Hancher launched into a summing up of the steps taken by the University of Iowa to equip its students for he world in which they find them selves He told of the organiza tipnal changes in the college of medicine nurses training social work public affairs and a re vamped information service From 5 Counties Louis Schuler president of the local S U I club welcomed the guests from Cerro Gordo Han cock Mitchell Worth and Hardin counties He introduced Mr Hancher also Robert Roseland vice president who introduced Loren Hickerson alumni direc tor who spoke briefly and showed movies of the S U I campus and 1950 football games Mrs Hancher also Tom Teas Mason City were introduced W Earl Hall managing editor of the Mason City GlobeGazette with Mrs B B Bailey at the piano led community singing Mr Schuler introduced Miss Teny Schuler club secretary and thanked the editors of the co operating newspapers for their publicity and Mrs F C Lovell Jr chairman of the ticket sales committee Vote on Oliver Plant Strike Charles City union lead er said Friday a union membership meeting had been called Friday afternoon to vote on an immediate strike at the Oliver Corp plant here A dispute between the company and the local union of the farm equipment workers council of the United Electrical Union indepen dent has resulted in two walkouts 50 Hitim MIIK Kwsons NORJH KOREA Cbitmunjm JUngnymj Samthok UtcKn Yonsaolf tPoKanS i3 jy sninu KHPFA iUUW KUKtA Chonju AP Wirephoto ALLIES KEEP MOVING a doublebar reled drive allied troops reentered Suwon A and Kum yangjang Friday without firing a shot Only other ground activity Friday centered around Yongwol and Tanyang Troops that reentered Suwon may be on the way to Seoul Thursday allied warships bombarded Inchon ship Seouls port city Tdft Thinks Acheson on His Way Out Chicago Taft R Ohio indicated Friday he believe Secretary of State Acheson may be on his way out Speakingto the Executives club of Chicago Taft said There seems to be some hope that we may at long last achievi the purpose of acquiring a nev secretary of state The Ohioan made this state ment in declaring that the foreign policy debate in brought about a congress has tremendous change in administration foreigr and military policy Taft said other results of the debate are 1 We have established the principle that constructive critic ism is no longer treason Hereto fore anyone who even questionec the wisdom of the administrations foreign policy was denounced as one giving aid and comfort to the enemy 2 We have obtained at least qualified admission that congress las the right to speak on a ques tion as important as the commit ment of an American army to the continent of Europe 3 The joint chiefs of staff and the administration have appar ently accepted the theory that here should be a long range limit olaced on the total of our armed orces and that that limit should 3e within the reach of our power o support it over a period of vears without serious damage to our economy eneral Ridgway Eats Spam Onions U S 8th Army Headquarters torea Gen Matthew B lidgway two hand grenades trapped to the webbing of his paratrooper uniform Friday oured the western front where his 8th army troops are probing deep into communist lines The general described his visit as one of my regular tours of he men at the front Ridgway topped at an infantry mess to eat vith the soldiers The menu Spam dehydrated potatoes and aw onions BIG CIGARET THEFT Des Moines vindow panes in 7 business es ablishments here and stole a arge quantity of cigarets and bout S45 in cash it was reported o police Thursday Canada Israel Compromise Peace Plans By A I GOLDBERG Lake Success and Israel offered compromise Korean peace plans to the UN political committee Friday Both agreed that red China should be named an aggressor in Korea Canada said also it would support the U S resolution calling for the UN to brand communist China for its aggression and to study penalties but to continue peace efforts Penalties Deferred Israels delegate Abba Eban strongly urged that the question of penalties should be ducked now pending further attempts for a peaceful settlement Both Israel and Canada opposed a 12nation ArabAsian proposal Both plans were offered as sug gestions no formal resolutions were tendered The Canadian 6point plan of fered by Lester B Pearson Ca nadian external foreign affairs minister calls for a 7nation con ference here or in New Delhi within a week to talk about a ceasefire as a preliminary to other peace steps He proposed that the political committee give the communist Chinese 48 hours to answer whether it would take part in the conference He did not present a formal resolution but merely out lined his plan Time Limit The Canadian plan differed from the ArabAsian resolution in specifying that a ceasefire must precede any other discussion and in puffin a time limit on negotia tions It also made plain that with drawal of all nonKorean armed forces from Korea should include I Chinese The committee scheduled two meetings Friday in a faint hope it may reach vote on the Korea hinese questions But prolonged argument on pri ority of the AsianArab pronosals or altered versions and on the U 3 demand to brand communist hina as an assressor in Korea threatened to delay a vote until the weekend Yanks Get Strong Air Support By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo elements of 2 American corps slammed northward within 15 miles of Seoul on the Korean western front Friday against spotty to minor red opposition A special U S 8th army summary called it a lim ited objective attack But it made clear that it packed a heavy wallop as it sought for the Chinese communist army It was manned by troops of Maj Gen Frank Milburns 1st corps and Maj Gen John B Coul ters 9th corps with tanks artil lery and powerful air support AP Correspondent Jim Becker reporting from 1st corps head quarters said Suwon 17 air miles south of Seoul and Kumyangjang 11 miles southeast of Suwon were engulfed by the fast striking force OneTwo Punch Becker said the attack began on a line parallel to Osan 10 miles south of Suwon and swept through Suwon His report of a 12mile gain indicated the dough boys had thrust at least two miles north beyond Suwon The correspondent described it as a onetwopunch by battle tested and renowned outfits They found the streets of Suwon vir tually deserted The old walled city was a heap of smoulder ing ruins The patrol was supported with armor and may be on its way to Seoul or as near to the old South Korean capital as it can get The U S 27th regimental combat team famed into and out of Suwon last week But since then intelligence offi cers suspect the 90000 Chinese reds reported south of Seoul have pulled back For 36 hours all news of allied activity in the western part of Korea had been blacked out by the U S 8th army But the curtain was lifted enough Friday to show that at least two UN patrols were work ing their way into the red terri tory south of Seoul Use Bayonets Our patrol beat off a red Chi nese attack with bayonets Tanks drove the reds off a hill in another sector Naval guns of the U S heavy cruiser St Paul and accompany ing destroyers lighted up the In chon harbor and silenced red bat teries on Wolmi island off Inchon Navy marine and air force planes pounded the whole Seoul area Air in fact liad a heavy day blasting 33 towns in the Seoul area and hammering at two huge enemy road convoys winding down through the mountains in the KumchonKaesong sectors north of Seoul Hand to Hand The bayonet and handtohand fighting took place in ine vicinity of Suwon 17 miles south of fire blackened Seoul After the dough boys drove off the attacking reds a Chinese bugle sounded a charge but no charge came It was a wary deadly game of hideandseek all along the front for ground troops Western area intelligence officers Thursday ex pressed the opinion the red Chi nese had made a largescale with drawal because of supply short ages the cold weather or possibly for political for a UN ceasefire order The U S8th army communique said there was little or no contact STRIKE SETTLED j on the east central front except a Fairfield Iff An 8dayold minor skirmish 7 miles north of Yongwol the Tungsten mining trike of members of the AFL Machinists union was settled Thursday when a new agreement vas signed with the Louden Machinery company Transport Truck Gives Successful Chase Here in recent weeks The bargaining committee is dutybound to call a general strike at the plant Friday afternoon Charles Hobbie Cedar Rapids in ternational union representative said Hobble made his statement after talks between the company and union were broken off Friday morning The dispute has been over piece rates Virgil G Johnson 1450 2nd S E had a bnd time Thursday eve ning He was chased by a driver less transport truck It caught him too The truck was rolling slowly northward on Federal avenue at about 14th south when Johnson tried to pass it in his car not no ticing that it had no driver But the truck refused to give up the road and instead veered toward the left crowding Johnsons car into the southbound lane Johnson scraped by a south bound pickup truck driven by Henry F Scholl route 3 with only minor damage He then mani aged to pull ahead of the truck and headed for the cmbins to park The truck still pursued him As he stopped it rammed into his car from the rear It was only as Johnson got out of his car that he realized the truck had no driver Bermie Beach 33 Bridgeton Mo left the trans port parked in front of 1425 S Federal with the motor running and the air brokes on he told police The motor must have died and the brakes sure he said None of the badly damaged lost their pres 3 vehicles was town retaken by the allies some 14 miles east of Chechen The naval shelling of Inchon harbor was marked by the firing of shore batteries on the St Paul from Wolmi the island where the U S 1st marine division landed Sept 15 to start the Seoul inva sion Guns Silenced A helicopter from the St Paul later reported the red batteries on the island wero silenced by the guns of the cruiser and the Cana dian destroyers Cayuga and Na fook a part of the naval raiding force B26s participating in what the 5th air force indicated was one of its biggest days pounded at an estimated 250 enemy vehicles moving down side roads toward Kacsong 40 miles northwest of Seoul from Kumchon 50 miles above the olrl South Korean capi tal Fifth air force planes blasted at 33 towns in the Seoul area during the day ;