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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 26, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1945, Mason City, Iowa Of COhf NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSrAFER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIOR5 HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA FK1DAT JANUARY 2S IMS REDS BREAK THROUGH TO DANZIG BAY Ninth Captures Last Section of Opposing Siegfried Line BRITISH CLOSE UP ROER RIVER BELOWHOLLAND Germans Flee to Cologne Plain as Ninth Army Advances Paris IF The American 9th army captured the last 4 mile sec lion of the Siegfried line before it Friday and with the British 2nd army closed up the Roer all the 40 airline miles from Holland to below Duren Strangely the Germans have abandoned the Hitlerian fortifica lionsand fled to the Cologne plain east of the Roer The whiteclad men of the 9th closed to within 25 of Dusseldorf 12 of Mun chen Gladbaeh and 20 of Cologne in a limited attack which overran Brachelen pop 5000 arid 6 nearby Industrial villages of Rhen ish Prussia Fighting in an Alsatian blizzard the U S 7th army cleared the entire south bank of the Moder river 16 miles abote Strasbourg late Friday and stamped out the gains achieved in a new German offensive mounted Thursday with 7 strongly divisions lines were restored com pletely The 1st and 3rd armies drew efcfcs to theGerman frontier in Ardennes section and in romny the Onr river Into the Siegfried in the center of the western front The Roer banks provided Gen Eisenhower with apotential springboard for a decisive lunge into the forests of chimneys of the German Ruhr and Rhineland On the opposite flank of the western front Lt Gen Alexan der M Patchs 7th army appeared to have brought the new German offensive in north Alsace to a standstill AP Correspondent Rob ert C Wilson reported The Americans sealed off pene trations by 7 nazi divisions and slowly hammered the line back to its original positions in fighting during one of the worst snow storms in started House fighting continued Schillersdorf 10 miles north Alsace since the war o the Saverne gap allied lifeline to imperilled Strasbourg Wilson said the Germans were being herded into the southeast sector of the town In the woods jnst west ol Hamenau 15 miles north of the Alsatian capital the Americans were mopping up Germans who crossed the Moder river between Nenborg and Schwieghonse Wil son said the Americans counter attacked before the Germans could consolidate their bridge head The penetration east of Haguenan was cleared and 10D Germans captured Fighting broke out near Bi schwiUer 4 miles southeast of Haguenau The snow was 18 inches deep in places bogging down infantry and tanks and ground planes On the opposite flank of the western front 7 or more German divisions however gained more than a mile toward Strasbourg in the biggest enemy offensive since the Ardennes breakthrough TheAmerican 7th army coun terattacked Thursday night and wiped out one crossing over the Moder river near beleaguered Haguenau flattened another and whipped the nazis momentarily to a standstill The 1st and 3rd armies ham mered the Ardennes bulge flatter The 102nd infantry division commanded by Maj Gen Frank A Keating dissolved the Sieg fried line strongpoints shielding Brachelen pop 5000 at better than minute The Bhenish Prussian town lies 9 miles northwest of Julich 14 below Munchen Gladbach and 29 west of Cologne Coupled with quickening British advances the allies were either at or within cannon shot of the Roer for 40 air line miles from near Roermond to below Duren is the strohVesttiitnr the Cologne plain ana i The 9th army had been rela tively inactive for 6 weeks dur ingwhich it took up positions of the Roer vacated by the U S 1st army which countered the German offensive farther south in the Ardennes The allies captured at least 23 villages The British took 6 the irench 5 and the American 1st 3rd and 3th the rest First American on French Soil Promoted Washington war de partment Friday announced the Dromotion from second to first leutenant of Franklin M Zip Koons of Swea City Iowa who is credited with being the first American to fire a shot on French soil m World war II Koons was ser jeant to second last July REPORT NAVAL BATTLE FOUGHT NEAR SHANGHAI Chinese Newspaper Says Japs Broke Off Engagement at Noon Harbor UR Uncon firmed Chinese reports said Fri that 50 American and Japa nese shipsbattled for 9 hours in the East China Sea within 300 miles of Shanghai Tuesday in the biggest naval engagement since last October Japanese forces broke oft the battle at noon andfled toward their homeland some miles to the northeast the Chinese army newspaper Sao Tang Fao at Chungking said The newspaper said the en gagement began at 3 a m China time off Yungkia Wenchow and Pingyang on the China coast some 250 miles south ofShanghai and 200 miles north of Formosa Gun fire was audible at Pingyang it added Pacific fleet headquarters made no comment on the report but units of Admiral William F Hal seys 3rd fleet launched carrier planes against Okinawa 475 miles east of Yungkia Monday some 12 hours before the supposed engage ment There have been no official re attacks on the Formosa area Sunday a major American warship possibly a battleship or an aircraft carrier was damaged It was the first time since the early days of the Pacific war that American warships have been re ported in the East China Sea which is bounded on the north by Korea and Japan on the west by China on the south by Formosa eSSt by the Ryukyu American warships have not tangled with Japanese naval nnits in strength since the 2nd battle of the Philippines last October when the 3rd and 7lh fleets taik forces T9neFai Douglas MacArlhurs Phihppmesbased bombers mean time continued their nightly at tacks on Formosa Liberators set off fires and explosions in an at tack on fuel storage facilities at Takao while air patrols shot down an enemy bomber and sank a coastal vessel Yank Pays Fine in French Money Columbus Ga icket for a meter ordinance violation fol lowed Pvt R O De Cesareform erly of i t Benning some 4 thous and miks before it reached him m October The recorders court clerk got it back with a 50franc note to cov er the fine and the following note When I received the ticket I could not attend to it as I was due back in camp on orders and I have been unable to remit since as I have been on the go Report Several B29s Attack By The Associated press A broadcast Japanese commu nique said Fridaythat several enemy B29 heavy bombers at tacked Singapore early Friday and added the usual calm that absolutely no damage was caused by this enemy nuisance raid The Tokyo communique said that a lone B29 later in the morning appeared over the area apparently on a reconnaissance mission Ask Action on Wallace Immediately Washington Opponents shifted to a frontal attack on the cabinet nominationof Henry A Wallace Frjday as the former vice president set up boundaries on the authority he might wield as secretary of commerce The senate commerce commit tee scheduled a closed meeting to vpte on legislation to strip the de partment of control over the gov ernments lending agencies But even as this action neared administration critics let it become known that they believe they have 48 to 50 votes enough to defeat the nomination if it is consid ered before the senate passes on the divorcement bill For that reason they had changed tactics and were urging that Wallace be voted up or down with the department standing in tact as Jesse Jones left it under the sting of a dismissal letter from President Roosevelt Jones turned direction of the departmental and federal loan administrator functions over to Undersecretary Wayne Taylor Thursday Thus apparently bow ing out of the official Washington scene His departure coupled with re ports that the house might not be so keen about the divorcement bill evidently led to the shift in tactics among some of those who want to keep Wallaces hands off the purse strings of the Reconstruction Finance cor poration and allied agencies Chairman Baileyy If Car s ability to handle the dual role said there is no disposition to delay commerce committee action on the nomination observing I dont think the committee has any right to pigeonhole the nomination of a cabinet officer On the Wallace side of the fence stands Senator Pepper D Fla who wants the exvice president to control the whole works that Jones ran Pepper conceded that a committee majority seems to favor reporting out a bill by Sen ator George D Ga to reestab lish the lending control under a separate agency A proposed amendment would prevent Pres ident Roosevelt from transferring it back to the commerce depart ment Pepper also thought that if the split in authority was not re ported out the committee likely would go against the Wallace nomination He contended however that Wallace had made a valuable wit ness for himself in a daylong ap pearance before the group at Thursdays open hearing Anybody who heard Jesse Jones and then heard Henry Wal lace could not help but be struck by the greatly deeper understand ing of this countrys problems that Wallace displayed Pepper said Likewise Senators Murray D Mont and Guffcy D Faj thought that the former vice president had made some voting hay among the senators But to Bailey Wallaces pro posals were merely a statement of beautiful objectives without what the chairman described as specific methods of carrying them out Senator George commented that the Wallace presentation seemed to him a CIO 1948 specqh The CIO gave active backing to Wal lace in a statement issued by President Philip Murray tured it CLARK FIBLDB24 and B25 bombers and A20 fighters of the U Clark field bef troops Yanks Plunge Within 40 Miles of Manila SPORTS BULLETIN President Edward Barrow of the New York Yankees says the base ball club will be to a 3man syndicate by nightfall The deal is not yet closed says Barrow hut I expect it to be later in the day Earlier a Sew York newspaper reported that the syndicate baying the Yankees is made up of Colonel Larry MacPhail Captain Dan Topping arid Del Webb of Phoenix Ariz Ihe purchase price is said lo Weather Report v FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with snow flurries Friday afternoom and Friday night Colder Friday night with lowest temperature about zero Iowa Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Cloudy with light snow southwest portion Little change in temperature Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday colder northwest and extreme north portions Friday night Slightly colder Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 34 Minimum Thursday o At 8 a m Friday i YEAR AGO Maximum gf Minimum 45 temperature ever recorded here in January Precipitation Trace Expect Japs to Wafee Stand at Caiumpit General MacArthurs H e a d quarters Luzon UR The 40th California division with Clark Fields dozen airstrips and adja cent Fort Stotsenburg firmly in its hands rushed on to the south Friday within 40 miles or less of Manila and 20 miles of Manila jay A Tokyo broadcast recorded by the FCC said Friday that the American command appeared to te planning new developments m the Luzon war situation with the massing of fresh troops The broadcast called attention to in creased number of ships in the waters south of Luzon and an in tensification of air attacks on the Manila area including Corregidor island in Manila bay The division was expected to make rapid progress without a major battle at least as far as Caiumpit on the Pampanga river 24 miles southeast of Clark field and 26 miles northwest of Manila The San Fernando river half way between Clark field and Ca iumpit offers a possible enemy defense line but there were no ndications of any large Japanese orces there and the fixed de fenses were not too strong De struction of bridges across the San Fernando may slow the advance however It appeared more likely that the Japanese would make their stand if at all at Caiumpit within easy striking distance of Manila Amer ican planes destroyed a Japanese concentration of troops and ve hicles at Caiumpit soon after the invasion of Luzon Jan 9 Gen Douglas MacArthnr cele brated his 65th birthday Friday by announcing the capture of Clark field greatest air base in the west ern Pacific and where his original air force was wiped out by Japa nese dive bombers only a few days after the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 8 1941 Though cratered by American bombs and littered with the wreckage of Japanese aircraft Clark field probably quickly can be restored to operational condi tion Its dozen airstrips and thou sands of acres of dispersal areas make Clark field big enough to handle the entire present strength of MacArthurs 5th and I3th air forces thousands of though it was obvious that all would not be concentrated there From Clark field American planes can fan out over Formosa 475 miles to the north French IndoChina 775 miles to the west and Hong Kong 650 miles north west as well as cover any pro jected landings on the China coast The 40th division met only scat aim 11x111 sniper fire in its capture of Manila and Fort Stotsenbnre 3 miles further west SECURE DOZEN House to start MANY CLASHES jfc sv4v Action on v Manpower Bill Washington oC the house rules committee indi cated Friday that they would pro vide for house action next week pn proposed work or else legisay repore numerous clashes lation hut also made it clear that along the alh army front as Amer tlht woud e a strong fight would be waged to add an anticlosed shop clause to it Acting Committee Chair man Eugene E Oox D Ga and Rep Howard W Smith D Va a member both expressed convic tion that persons drafted into essential war industry work un der the bill should not be com pelled to join a union even though the plant to which they were as signed worked under a closed shop union contract Rep Paul Kilday D Tex a member of the house military af fairs committee which drafted the bill testified that such an amend ment had been adopted by the committee but subsequently was eliminated as a compromise de signed to remove all controversial features from the bill Kilday said the same thing hap pened to a failemployment prac tice amendment which would have prohibited any employer from refusing to take on because creed or color any pros pective worker assigned to him by federal authorities Cox said the military committee chilled he enthusiasm of the public and congress for work or fight legislation when it took out the anticlosed shop amend ment It should be put back in the bill to show whos master of this country the government or labor unions he said Chairman Andrew J May D Ky of the military affairs com mittee denied that the proposal was an antistrike bill as con tended by Rep Charles Halleck R Ind BEDSIDE CHAT Hydro Okla Rev L ev G Goodwin had the mumps and was unable to preach from his pul pit He ngged up the loud speaker put the microphone beside his bed and went ahead with his sermon below Clark field 45 miles from Manila and 22 miles north of Ma nila bay Magalang 8 miles north east of Clark field also was reached Other units of the 40lh division were clearing scattered enemy troops from the nearby hills While the frontal advance on Manila was virtually unopposed Maj Gen Insis P Bull Swifts first corps was meeting fierce re sistance along the eastern flank of the invasion front 2 miles ern tip of the front was crushed ri i rijT cii up 01 me tront was crushed American artillery also knocked iiiamla and rnrt T out Japanese guns in the Rosario area a few miles farther east but BUM a JEW miies lartner east but Pressing on to the south the the enemy still was cUngiri to dwsion overran Angeles 4 miles pillboxes and ON ITALY FRONT American Patrols Probe Nazi Positions Rome Fri day reported numerous clashes ican patrols probed German posi tions while in the Adriatic sec tor 8lh army units fought off 2 attacks on strong points American patrols tested out the German positions all along the 5th army front and drew strong enemy reaction One of the heaviest clashes oc curred south of Bologna in the Monte Belmonte area where the Americans prisoners took a number of Three similar clashes occurred at Castel Nuovo Monte Palazzo and Villiana in the Vergato area about 9 miles southwest of Bo logna Two German raiding parties were repulsed in the vicinity of Querciola about 8 miles farther southwest A German fighting patrol armed with machine guns and ba Colignola It wns repulsed aftc a sharp fight Buy your War Bonds ISOLATE NAZIS BEGIN ADVANCE ON KONIGSBERG New Breakthroughs Announced in Area of Poznan Bydgoszcz London If Russian forces have broken through to the Bay of Danzig Marshal Stalin an nounced Friday drive cut off East Prussia completely and put the former free city of Danzig in the Immedi ate path of the red army The capture of 4 East Prussian towns on the approaches to Konigsberg was also announced in an order of trie day The 4 towns are Allenburg Nordenburg Lotzen and Tapiau Allenburg is 32 miles southeast of Konigsber and Tapian Is 21 miles east of the East Prussian capital Nordenburg is 21 miles southwest of Insterburg AU were described in the or der as powerful strongpoints in the permanent German defense lines covering the central dis tricts of East Prussia From Moscow AP Correspond ent Eddy Gilmore saidRussians having isolated the German forces in East Prussia were now start ing the grim task of storming Konigsberg and Elbing the 2 big gest centers of resistance left A wide mopping up operation in the German province was reported in progress with soviet columns still from 10 to 15 miles from Konigs berg Fridays German communique said Russian tank formations had driven farther to the west and northwest on both sides of Poz nan It reported bitter fighting was in progress for Poznan By dgoszcz and Torun Bydgoszcz is 69 miles northeast ofToznanand Torun is about 25 miles east of Bydgoszcz The German high command an nounced that a fierce tank battle developed southwest of Gleltviiz important mining and communica tions cenlerin upper Silesia now held by Russians In East Prus sia the German communique said strong forces of red Infantry and tanks were beaten back in heavy fighting after trying to break across the Pregel and Dcime rivers As the German radio announced the threat to Brandenburg the red army newspaper Red Star asserted we have reached the last the road we have dreamed about for 3 long years At the nearest point the Brand enburg border is within 3t miles of the German capital but the German broadcast did not place the Russian spearheads exactly Moscow reported Thursday that irmy forces were little more 125 miles from Berlin Two other capital cities of Ger man provinces were being threat ened The Russians announced that all direct communications army had launched an allout drive for Konigsberg Moscow placed the Russian forces within 5 miles of Poznan and H German broadcast reported and they had driven past botli sides of j 411 me cimty of the Brandenburg fron RUSSIANS CROSS ODER CUT OFF EAST Arrows show red army drives on the eastern front heavy Moscow announced Russian troops had crossed the Oder river southwest of Breslau in Silesia and Berlin re ported another crossing at Steinau farther north The Russians also broke through to the Baltic coast east of iMbing in East Prussia ;