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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM PAPER I Am Ammunition For Dont Waste or Throw Me Away DEPARTMENT OF ARCH IV THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Associated and United Press Full Leased Wlra Five a Copy I MASON CITV IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 26 NO 93 5 Days for Troops to F R Declares States Argentina Severs Relations mm w T BIjfeM Ballots Urged lEGISUHURE IS NED FOR SIDING ISSUE Hickenlooper Makes Recommendation as I Legislature Meets p e s Moines o v B B ikenloopeirecommended to l general assembly Wednesday jit absent voters in the armed lces be al lved at least I days in Ihlch to re live and re their bal this year The governor de this rec m e n dation the message delivered to jie house and iate in joint invention as Hickcnlooper legislature convened in spc Ul session at the governors call j consider the soldier vote prob Study Bill to Set Up 5 Man Commission to Handle Vote Des Moines lawmakers Wednesday began considera tion of legislation which would give men and women in the armed services 55 days instead of the present 20 to cast absent voter ballots Rights Vote Plan Is Fraud OOPs Guffaw Washington Roosevelt demanded of congress Mon day adequate federal machinery for fighting soldiers and sailors to vole next fall and bluntly labelled a slatesright vote plan a fraud ipon the American people With Axis Rounds Up Spies Hickerilooper nslators that his told reason the for filing the session was the ne isity in his opinion of al ing our election laws so that ir citizens who are qualified flers in the armed forces of our luntry may be given every reas table opportunity to vote in the limary and in the general elec of 1944 1 Under existing law he pointed it absent voters have only 20 iys prior to any election in Ihich to request an application Ir ballot receive such applica pn return it to the county audi receive a ballot from the au r vote the same and return the auditor Heretofore this time has been land sufficient for ordinary use t absent voters witliin the ter limits ot the 48 states and still ample within this coun Manifestly however with busands of our citizens in re late parts the world this iigth of time is not sufficient for by and would set up a 5man ballot commission to supervise the soldier vote Both provisions were urged by Gov B B Hickenlooper in his address at the opening ot the special session and bills incor porating the proposals were pre sented to the lawmakers shortly afterward After brief debate the house decided Wednesday morning to take up only matters concerning soldier voting or measures ap proved by the senate The vote was 77 to 24 on a motion by Rep A H Avery The senate was expected to adopt similar rules Wednesday afternoon Adoplion of such rules would prohibil the lawmakers from tak ing up the various other proposals which had been mentioned such as suspension or forgiveness ot the stale income tax due this year and would pave the way for ad journment in 2 or 3 days Both houses convened shortly after 10 a m Opening business in cluded election of officers and ad ministering ot the oath to 6 rep resentatives and 2 senators elected Jan 17 to fill vacancies Lt Gov Robert D Blue R Eagle Grove presided at the joint session in the house chamberSen ator O H Henningsen R Clin ton and Representative John R Gardner R Lisbon comprised the committee which escorted the governor between his offices and the house chamber The only other major action taken by the house at the opening session was adoption of a resolu tion to compensate the lawmakers and employes such as clerks and stenographers Republican majorities in both branches decided at caucuses Tuesday night to limit the session In unusually vehement lan guage the president said our millions of fighting men do not lave any lobby or pressure group on capitol hill to see that justice s done for them and added I am sure that I can express tlieir wishes in this matter and their resentment against the dis crimination which is being prac iced against them Mr Roosevelt sent the capitol a special message on the soldiervote issue In an admitted departure from custom and precedent he even took notice of house legis lative procedure which might per mit final action on the soldiers vote issue without a roll call vote and flung a challenge to congress men to stand up and be counted There are times I think when the president can speak as an in terested citizen Mr Roosevelt said I think there would be wide spread resentment on the part of the people of the nation if they were unable lo find out how their individual represenlativcs had ex HULL REVEALS REDS REJECTED U S PROPOSAL Russians Believe Time Not Ripe to Use Our Offer in Polish Dispute Washington of State Hull announced Wednesday that Russia had rejected the of fer of the United States to em ploy its good offices in restor ing diplomatic relations betweei Poland and Russia Hull made the announcemen at a news conference He brought out that the Rus sians took the position that thei do not feel the situation between themselves and Poland is right for successful use of the TJ S offer at this time The reply states Hull said that the soviet government does not feel that conditions have yet rip ened to a point where such good The chief executive described tical purposes even before this message I consider such proposed leg islation Mr Roosevelt declared a fraud on the soldiers and ma rines now training and fighting for us and for our sacred rights U is a fraud upon the America people Indorsing substitute measures proposed by Senators Green D R and Lucas D and by Representative Worlcy D the president said What is needed is a complcti change of machinery for abscntd balloting which will give th members of our armed forces am merchant marine all over the world an opportunity to cast their ballots without timeconsuming correspondence and without wait ing for each separate state to hold ils primary print its ballots and send them out for voting The recentbills proposed by Senators Green and Lucas and by Congressman Worley seem lo me to do this job They set up proper and efficient machinery for absen tee balloting pressed themselves on this legisla Mr Roosevelt called for roll call which goes to the rool of the right of citizenship I deem the legislation impera tive It ceriainly would appear un necessary that our soldiers and sailors and merchant marine have to make a special effort to retain their right lo vote offices could be used to advan tage The Russians began their nbte rejection he said with an expression of appreciation for the offer What further action it any the United States may take either alone or in cooperation with the bill passed by the senate Dec 3 as meaningless This measure would turn the servicemens vote problem over to the slates The moment the senate clerk finished reading the presidents message Senator Taft ROhio jumped to his feet and declared I resent as one those who Britain which also had offered propose state voting for the armed to seek a resumption of rela1 services the designation that tions between Poland and Rusproposal as a fraud votes on disposition of the soldier vote issue in congress He sqid he realized that he had nothing to do with making or en forcing congressional rules but that he thought there were times when the president can speak as an interested citizen He said he believed most Americans would agree with him that every senaloi and congressman ought lo be wil ling in justice to stand up and be counted Not only should the privilege of the ballot be preserved for mei snd women in uniform the presi dent told congress but it would be desirable also to include othe groups of voters engaged abroad in various kinds of war work to vote voters from overseas ballot There is no queslion involved to the right of the voter in S armed forces to vote regard Is of where he may be but the listioh involved is one of oppor lity and time within which he ly so exercise this right legislation touching this ill should be extended to all in the armed forces with any attempt to differentiate tween those within the United Ites and those in foreign lands lause with the rapidity of lavement and uncertainty of lo ton there is no assurance that of such voters may remain any length of time either ihin or without our territorial lits lhe governor referred to ef Qts in congress to provide for soldier vote but he said con Issional would coveronly es for president vice president Hi members of congress feasible or practical sug hion has been offered in con with such national action t would in any way offer any loortunity for those who are de iding their homes and home ritories to register any opinion cast any ballot with reference the local county or stale of es in their home counties and line states the governor ex uned stale legislature is the lly body that can give the mem Irs of our armed forces the full Iporlunity to exercise allof their ijor rights of franchise he governor suggested that legislature provide for estab of a bipartisan voting ballot commission this year to details ot handling the lldicr vote such as size and Light of the ballot to soldier voting Before adopting its rules the house was urged by Representa tive William N Judd R Clinton to take up the income tax matter Representative Andrew J Nielsen R Council Bluffs urged con sideration of n proposal to suspend the slale income tax and Repre sentative Sam Orebaugh R Des Moines suggested taking up pro posals for shooting on shift blasting in coal mines and for re vocation of the state tax on auto mobiles stored by soldiers Copies of the war ballot measure were distributed to the lawmakers shortly after they convened It was to be taken up in both houses during the afternoon The commission would be com posed of the secretary of state and 2 members of each of the 2 major political parties The chair man of the state central commit tee of each party would appoint the 2 representatives of that party Members of the commission who would be reimbursed for their actual expenses but would receive no compensation for their services would make rules and sia remained unanswered by Hull The United States made the offei10 days lime Hull expressed hope that it might be accepted There was no indication here as to what the Russians actually had in mind by saying that con ditions have not ripened suffic iently for a hope of success in restoring their relations with Po land but it seemed possible that their attitude might be unchanged from that in their recent criti cisms of the Polish govcrutocnt in exile in London There has been considerable speculation both here and in Lon don that the exile government would have to be reconstituted before the Russians will recog nize it The actual break in relations between the 2 countries came after Poland asked the interna tional Red Cross the massacre of regulations for carrying out the act prescribe and direct the prep aration ot specially printed bal lots and arrange for getting the ballots to service personnel The provisions of the bill to investigate 11000 Polish prisoners in old Poland The area was held by the Russians after they occupied Poland jointly with Germany in 1939 PARAGUAY FOILS EEVOLT EFFORT Attempted Revolution at Dawn Frustrated would apply only lo absent voters in the armed forces and only to the primary and general elec tions of 1944 Nomination papers for United States senator and representative and for an elective state office which now must be filed not more than GO nor less than 40 days prior to the primary elec tion would have to be filed not more than 100 and not less than 80 days before the election For an elective county office the nomination papers would have to be filed at least 70 days prior o the primary election instead of 30 days as at present Under the bill Ihe secrelary of state would be required to certi fy candidates to each counly audi tor at least 70 days prior to the primary compared with the pres ent time limit of not less than 30 days The secretary of slate would be required under Ihe proposal to certify nominations not less than 70 days before the general elec tion against the present provi sion for certification not less than 15 days prior to the final election Request in writing for a ballot for either election could be made by a qualified voter in the service at any time prior to cither election The present law is lhat the ap plication for absent voter ballol can not be made more than 20 days prior to eilher election Whenever registration is re quired in the case of a voter in the service an affidavit upon the ballot envelope of the voter would constitute sufficient registration A spouse parent adult brother or sister or adult child ot any such voter residing in the county of the voters residence could re quest the service persons balloi for the general eleclion They could not ask for a ballot for a serviceman for the primary elec tion Persons who drew up the bill said that restriction was included because in some cases relatives would not be able to give Ihe cor rect information regarding which Taft said the president had de livered a direct insult to the sen ate and a direct jnsjalt to the his message indorsing the GreenLucas federal vote bill now pending in the senate Some of the statements are not true Taft continued Some of them are argumcntalive Republicans guffawed loudly during Ihe reading of the presi dents message in the house and again when the clerk had fin ished it Their laughs were particularly loud when the clerk read a para graph mentioning the presidents hesitancy to say anything to the congress on this matter and again when he asserted a right to speak an interested citizen Boos mingled with the laughs Immediately after the reading Republican Leader Martin of Mas sachusetts asked unanimous con sent for immediate consideration of the senatepassed statesright bill However since Martin had not been recognized for that pur pose the house proceeded to con sider other business I agree with the president that there is need for immediate action on the soldier vote bill Martin said in making his request con cerning the senate bill Senator Tall denounced the ALLIES CUT AlPIAN nearly 20 miles northward from their beachhead near Nettuno on the Italian west coast units of the BritishAmerican 5th army have cut the historic Appian Way at a point 24 milees southeast of Rome German troops suffered heavy loss of life on the Cassino front ff Nazis Pulling Back Cassino Units to Meet New Threats 2 FRANKS ENTER INNOCENT PLEAS Manslaughter Trial to Start Here Feb 2 John and Joe Frank brothers indicted for manslaughter in con nection with the death of James C Temiey on Christmas eve each pleaded innocent in Cerro Gordo county district court Wed nesday afternoon Judge T A Beardmore Charles City before whom the pleas were entered set 10 a m Feb 2 as Ihe time for the two lo go on Irial The slale charges that Temiey met his death as the result of a fight involving the 2 Frank brothers according to County Attorney M L Mason s partys ballot the voter would want in the primary proposed federal ballot declaring it was linked with plans for a fourth term for President Roose velt Under this bobtail ballot plan 10 million American soldiers would be lined up at the polls in much the same way we used to sec workers lined up at the polls Taft told the senate Theyll he old Here vote this ballot The ballot was got up so the election of president would domi nate the election of members of congress There will be no names on the ballot Ot course every one knows the name Roosevelt but they probably wouldnt know who was running tor congress 1 they voted for the president i would be natural for them to write in democrat for senator 01 congressmen without knowing ii NAZI PRISONERS ARRIVE Clarinda JP Lt Col Arthur Lobdell commanding officer of ic newly opened Clarinda intern ment camp announced Wednes ay that the first contingent of German prisoners had arrived Members of the unit early arrivals mong 3000 to be interned here lave been put to work at camp lutics IAsuncion Paraguay The Ivernment announced it frus aled an attempted revolution at kwn Wednesday lA communique from the min jtry of interior said units of the liberal party and allied lganizations tried to take posses Ion o police headquarters and Ijrracks The Paraguayan government is nany cases for whom they were voting The county auditor would mail Asked by Senator Bridges i the ballots to the voters on the he didnt think the president 55lh day prior to the election The message to congress auditor would also maintain a record of all requests for ballots and all ballots transmitted from and received by his office to pre vent duplication ot voting was in effect a fourth term an nounccincnt Taft replied Yes but I think thats almos unnecessary The fourth tern had been announced for all prac BULLETIN Bern German high command intends lo defend Rome and has started digging trenches and setting up strongholds in key positions in the city Italian frontier reports from Milan which slil is in telephonic communication with the capital said Wednesday Allied Headquarters Algiers S troops have stormed across the Rapido river in renewed baltle for en tered by patrols field dispatches 5th army invasion forces Rome have speared deeper m against increasing resistance it Large Junction SW of Leningrad Taken by Reds London capture of Krasnogvardeisk wns announced Wednesday by Marshal Stalin in an order ot the day Krasnogvardeisk large railway junction 30 miles southwest of Leningrad and one o the Hist strongholds still left lo the Ger mans in that area was taken by stormy by the troops of Gen Leonid A Govorov The special order said Ihe town had been transformed by the nazis inlo a fortress wilh a developed system of permanent fortifica tions The town was won in a night assault originating from the direc tion of Pushkin 14 miles to the northeast The strong nazi garrison resisted treet by street in fierce fighting he town already had been cut roin the west by rail leaving heir only hope ot escape in light to the south where othei soviet spearheads already were stabbing close to main roiiris anc spur rail lines It was estimated that 2fiOOOC elman troops hud been cut of REPORT POLICE HOLD MANY IN EXTENSIVE RING Solid Stand in West Hemisphere Against Axis Now Provided Buenos Aires Argentina severed diplomatic relalions with Germany and Japan Wednesday to complele belatedly a solid sland by the western hemisphere against the axis The last 21 republics in the Americas to break oft relations with Germany and Japan Argen tina announced the action a long night of conferences among leaders of the government President Gen Pedro Ramirez While these discussions were in progress it also was revealed Wednesday police were busy rounding up many reported to be members of Argen tine an extensive es pionage rinir which has been op crating in Ihe country In a broadcast lo the nation Ramirez said Argentina broke re lations because her sovereignty had been jeopardized by axis es pionage activities The nation Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and much colder Wednesday after noon Wednesday night and Thursday lowest Wednesday night in Mason City 28 Iowa Mostly cloudy and coldci Wednesday night and Thursday with occasional light rain ens portion Wednesday night and extreme east portion Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy and colder Wednesday night Thurs day partly cloudy with litlle change in temperature exccp colder southeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 63 Minimum Tuesday night 45 At 8 a m Wednesday 47 Rain Trace was announced Wednesday The nazis apparently were pull ing unils back from the Cassino front to meet the great threat to their rear It now seems certain the In vasion has at least cut the Appian way and seriously threatens thV remaining CassinoRome high vay perhaps having it under ar lllcry fire American combat units are ad vancing through minefields north Cassino after a 2nd crossing of the Rapido river a hcadquar ers officer declared Headquarters said it had no in formation that Cassino yet had been taken French troops north of the bas tion town wars forced Alt Croce by bitter nazi counterat tacks with close fighting contin uing While the Germans threw in creasing opposition against the invasion troops who landed in the NettunoAnzio areas an allied of ficer said this resistance still was comparatively light Cairo radio said the allies were 19 miles from Rome The troops were spurred by an olher visit from LtGen Mark W Clark nth army commander who expressed salisfaclion with their progress Allied planes in powerful num bers concenlraled on slashing al enemy supply roulos and troops between the 5th army front and the new beachhead and the main not allow the German and fapanese diplomatic rcpresenta ives to remain he said declaring are no excuses no pos sible explanations to justify the actions and plans o those who within the republic or in relation with her are working against our national sovereignty Ramirez added that we have no hatreds or rancors There are no impulses that aggravate the seriousness of our problems Following Ramirez signing of the decree ending relations it was announced that the German arid Japanese ambassadorswould be handed their passports im mediately The action Wednesday 2 years after most other Latin American countries had cut their connec tions with the axis followed the arrest by the British ot an Argen tine consul last week when his boat stopped at Trinidad enroute lo Europe The consul Omar Alberto Hel mulh was on his way to Barce lona Spain when he was moved from the boat Jan 22 and from direct commimicalion with j line between Florence and Rome the rest of their forces by the reiit Russian northern offensive YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 0 16 DSM PRESENTED TO MAGARTHUR Advanced Allied Headquarters Xew Guinea Roosevelt awarded General Doug las MacArthur the distinguished service medal for successes in New Guinea ami New Britain on the southwest Pacific command ers 64th birthday Wednesday The president said in his cita lion that MacArthur had estab lished his forces in positions fn vonible for continuation of of fensive operations in the war to drive the Japanese 1rom their is land bases in this sector The medal was awarded on be half of the president by Maj Gen Richard J Millshall deputy chief of staff on MacArthurs return from inspecting American troops in northern Australia Reds Charge Nazis Killed 11000 Poles in Katyn Forest leaded by llorinigo President Higinio Buy War savings Bonds ana The report may nave an im iKtamps from your portant bearing on the Russian London special soviet investigating commission Wednes day placed the blame squarely on the Germans for the Katyn forest massacre of 11000 Polish war prisoners This incident led to m break in diplomatic relations be tween the soviet and the Polish government in London when the latter asked the international Red Cross lo investigate after Ger mans blamed the Russians for the atrocity The report may have an im larrier boy I Polish border dispute The Moscow radio announced the special soviet investigating commission had found that the 11000 bodies in Polish uniforms buried 10 miles from Smolensk without coffins at the latest in the spring of 1942 were those of Polish war prisoners shot by the charged the massacre was perpetrated by the Germans to place the blame on the soviet union to wipe out en emies of the Germans and to swell German statistics of enemy casual German invaders The commission The soviet atrocity report was studied immediately by the Po lish government here The Russians previously had in dicated they want a shakeup in the Polish government in exile to eliminate some cabinet mem bers who were inclined to accept the German version accusing the Russians of responsibility for the Kalyn forest massacre If the Polish government here accepts the soviet report and shakes up the cabinet it is be lieved here that the British and Americans may be able to re establish diplomatic relations be tween Russia and the Polish gov ernment for the beginning of ne gotiations over the Polish eastern boundary dispute The Moscow broadcast said Ihe commissions report of 44 type written pages documented the evidence of wilnesscs and living the vicinity of Katyn forest and the medical testimony of doctors who examined 925 ex humed corpses and concluded the bodies could not have been in the ground more than 2 years The Germans occupied the area in July 1941 The commission said documents found on the bodies were dated up to the sum mer of 1941 The Germans said the Poles were shot in 1940 Medical and scientific experts established the bodies and articles of clothing were well preserved especially uniforms belts and buttons proving they had been buried in the spring of 1942 at the latest the commissions re port said vinch the Germans must use lo rcinforccnicnls lo Ihe Rome rea The allies flew 1100 sorlics pver the beachhead Tuesday compared wilh 60 by the nazis American naval olliccr said he enemy atlacks were causing sonic however He disclosed that allied war ships including French had icavily bombarded the road be ween Terracina and Formta by daylight Monday and made di versionary bombardments along the coasl Sunday night allied motor torpedo hnals attacked German lighter convoy northwest ot Rome setting an escorting E boat afire The heavy German counter attacks that drove the Americans back from their first Rapido river bridgehead last weekend appar ently had slackened Reinforced U S infantry then surged over Ihe stream at an undisclosed point British troops on the western coastal end of the 5th army line attacked and occupied ML Cer acolc 2 miles west of Castelfortc It was considered likely that the allied advance below Rome hnd been so rapid the Germans do not know exactly how large Ihe bridgehead has become and headquarters is withholding that news until the Germans deter mine it by actual palrol clashes Patrol forays marked the Bth army front on the Adriatic In dian troops killed 20 Germans in 1 patrol and took prisoners charged with spying Acting on evidence supplied by British authorities Argentina be gan rounding up numerous per sons implicated in the ring Montevideo dispatches said the espionage ring had been working in close touch with the German and Japanese embassies in Buenos Aires Subversive acliviUes appar ently originaling in Argentina were held responsible by Ihe Unil ed States Britain and other coun tries for the overthrow of Ihe Bo livian government in December Argentina alone has seen fit lo recognize the new Bolivian regime headed by Mij Gualbcrlo Villar roel Montevideo reports said Argen tinas break with the axis was in terpreted there a a lasl minute at lempl lo regain good standing among the American nations and forestall possible stern action against it by the rcsl o the hemis phere Ramirez signed Ihe decree at a m and Foreign iMinisler Alberto Gilbert immediately went to the foreign ministry where he awaited Ihe Chilean ambassador Rios Galiardo Aflcr informing REos Galiardo Gilbert telephoned the United States ambassador Norman Ar mour It was said sensational rcvela DESCRIBED ON RADIO Minneapolis Minneap olis radio announcer lo make sure that the advertiser got his moneys worth described a ship ment of new maternity dresses as distinctly feminine PEDRO RAMIREZ of Argentina ;