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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Cf H I 3T Oi V A i A I t S V C J i I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 26 1942 S AND DUTCH BLAST 27 JAP SHIPS PEARL HARBOR Bengasi Threatened Again byAxis Full Scale Drive More Reinforcements INQUIRY CAUSE OF BITTERNESS Many Congressmen Say SuperCommand Need Is Shown by Probe Report on Probe Page 2 WASHINGTON ff Angry demands came from congress members Tor the expulsion of any incompetents holding responsi ble position in the war effort and for courts martial to mete out punishment on those responsible for the debacle of Pearl Harbor A furore of rare bitterness on both sides of Capitol Hill fal lowed the weekend report of a presidential investigating com mission blaming noncoopera tion and dereliction of duty by Hawaii area commanders of the army and navy for success of the Japanese sneak attack on the great Pacific naval base Many senators and representa tives asserted that the commis sions conclusions pointed to a pressing need for a supercom mand with control over the op erations of both armed services Although the investigating com mission decided that the secretar ies of state war and navy as well as the army chief of staff and chief of naval operations had ful filled their obligations some con membersprofessed tb find lault with provisions made here lor Hawaiis defense The fiveman commission headed by Associate Justice Owen J Roberts of the supreme court reported to President Roosevelt that errors of judg ment by Lieut Gen Walter C Short commander of the armys Hawaiian department and Ad miral Husband E Kimmel com mander of the Pacific fleet and commander in chief of the whole ileet were the effective causes lor the success of the attack It concluded hat the two offi cers had shown a lack of ap preciation of the responsibilities vested in them especially since each had been warned by his superiors in Washington that relations with Japan were criti cal Both were relieved of their commands soon after the at tack pending the outcome of the investigation No immediate word of con templated action came from the white house or the army and navy departments The depart ments could order Short and Kim mel to face a court martial or President Roosevelt could dismiss them from the service for dere liction of duty They could ap peal to a court martial i the chief executive took that course Chairman May DKy of the house military committee com mented The warnings should have been enough to put those two gentlemen on the alert yet they apparently failed to collabo rate I dont think they should be excused Senator George a member of the foreign relations committee suggested that the military and naval committees of house and senate consider wheth er the commission findings war Senator Brooks RIli wanted to know why War Sec retary Stimson and Navy Sec retary Knox consented to vthe sending of our military and naval equipment lo other coun tries and other parts of the world when they knew war with Japan was inevitable and our most important outpost was inadequately supplied The found investigating commission laL e a surpnse or naval basc at Buy your defense Stamp 1 Northern Stimson Reveals MacArthur Has 62nd Birthday GENERAL MacARTHUR US GENERAL BUSY FIGHTING Spectacular Victory IsRegisteredWith Batan Counter Attack WASHINGTON fi General Douglas MacArthur the jaunty Beau Sabreur of an already his toric Philippines campaign cele brated his sixtysecond birthday Monday in the thick of the fight ing on a crucial war front His personality martial spirit and record as a soldier make it evident that he would prefer no finer setting for the occa sion I MaiArthur and iiis indomitable little army of American and Fili pino troops made the birthday anniversary a doubly auspicious event by registering a spectacular victory Sunday in a counterat tack which shattered the lines of a heavily superior enemy The war department normally restrained in its language used the words smashing success to hail the MacArthur triumph which further dislocatedthe Japa nese timetable for conquest in the South Pacific The official communiques reference to the operation as a brilliant maneuver testified to the admiration felt by official Washington and the nation for his last ditch fijht in tlc Phil ippines RIO PARLEY NEARS CLOSE Committee Adopts Plan to Declare U S and Allies Nonbelligerents RIO DE JANEIRO political committee of the pan American conference adopted Monday a proposal to declare the United States and all her allies nonbelhgercnts and approved the principles of the Atlantic charter which embodied Ihe war aims of unanimous Also approved were resolutions calling for an immediate meeting of the general staffs of all Ameri OL initii niU was redrafted in subcommittee to get around objections by Argentina bombing air torpedoing sabota ton Thus swi ftly The com have utcn si would meet in Washing has returned the committee through its last busi session of Brought In by Nazis Italians for Desert War By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Bengasi in North Africa again was threatened Monday by axis forces which had developed their reconnaissance in force of last week into a fullscale offensive The British admitted the main battle was now in the Zouiet Msus area which meant they had been driven back 40 miles since Sun day and 145 miles from the west ernmost point of their advance in the El Agheila area Zouiet Msus is only 70 miles southeast of Bengasi which the British captured on Christmas day in their second Libyan of fensive That the axis itself was some what puzzled by its own success was indicated by a Rome spokes man who spoke of the axis im provised counterattack and said it is not quite clear what has happened to the powerful British army While it is true that the na ture of the terrain in Clrenaicu calls for longrange operation his would not be a sufficient exolanation for the retreat It was evident that the Germans and Italians were rushing heavy reinforcements and that the Brit ish may be in for an even more difficult time RUSSIAN TROOPS MOP UP VAST AREAS Russian soldiers fighting then way forward in the coldest weath er m decades were reported mop ping up vast areas of the Russian front after virtually wiping out line establisliWby Adolf Hitler Russian reports said cleanuo operations were in full swing in the section east of a 270mile line running from the vicinity of Smolensk 230 miles west of Mos cow to Orel and Kursk There was no information just how far the Russians were from Smolensk but the British radio broadcast a Stockholm report that Hitler had moved his headquar ters from Smolensk 200 miles west to Minsk capital of White Russia CIVIJJANSllIT NEW GUINEA Also Removed From Solomon Isles Cities as Japs Attack Anew By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS MELBOURNE vilians were removed Monday from cities in New Guinea and in the heart of the Solomon islands S JunSletiained Australian mili tia battled invasion forces in the mils of New Britain and New Ire land and the Japanese hurled new landing forces into tiie arc of islands protecting this conlin The steadilybroadening opera ions covered a broken front ex tending almost 1000 miles from northern New Guinea east to Flor ida island i Minister John Curtin de clared that arrangements already were under way to give Austral r ce on GcnSir Archibald P Wavells southwest Pacific staff and said Australias views on th ttlar strategy had been placed Plainly before Prime Minister veH President Roose Curtin is for is a white Australia u blessings we shall keep it i fought a T ff Traffic almost to normal Striking Brotherhoods of Railway moved Trainmen Firemen and Engine men have charged the company is attempting to break the strike with imported workers Arrow points to North Ireland where American troops were landed at an undisclosed base ess SUGAR RATION PLAN PREPARED Expect Pound a Week to Be Allowed Starting Early in February WASHINGTON The gov ernment made ready Monday to ration sugar at the rate of ap proximately a pound a person a week probably starting early in February Leon Henderson the price ad ministrator announced Saturday that ration books were being pre pared He said there was a short age of onethird in the sugar sup ply which in 1041 was sufficient to provide a per capita consump tion of a pound and and half a week He hinted that some attempt would be made to recover slicks held by hoarders saying con sumers who are in possession of abnormally large stocks of sugar are warned that they will not be permitted to gain an advantage from their supposed foresight CANADIANS LIMITED TO 3 i TITS OF LB WEEKLY OTTAWA Iff Canadians are limited to threequarters of a pound of sugar a week each un der rationing orders issued Sun day 7 Billiorf in History Committee Describes Aims as Staggering But Voices Confidence Weather Report FORECAST night Scattered showers very light IOWA Continued mild in west portion slightly warmer in east portions Monday afternoon and Monday night Scattered very light showers MINNESOTA Not much change in temperature Monday after noon and Monday nightoc casional very light rain or snow IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation The figures lor Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday At 5 p m Sunday 47 24 27 27 20 17 4 inches AGO imum Minimum 19 24 40 25 21 WASHINGTON W Congress Monday a appropriations bill largest in the nations history to finance the navys war objective of attaining unquestioned supremacy above below and on the seas through a gigantic ship and plane build ing program In sending1 the huge outlay proposed to the house for de bate the appropriations com mittee dealt in stupendous and staggering describe its aims but ex pressed full confidence in their accomplishments with unbe lievable dispatch An accompanying 313 page transcript of testimony before the committee by Secretary of Navy Knox and high ranking naval of ficials disclosed their conviction that 1342 would prove Ihe critical year in the battle for victory If we can hold our own and even advance a little then we will be ready for whatever the expanded production will enable us to do in 1943 and 1D44 said Admiral Ernest J King com mander in chief of the fleet Just what that expanded pro duction is intended to enable us to do was laid down later by Admiral H R Stark chief of naval operations in a terse over all summation of the navys hopes and plans to IIncrease its power to the point of unchallcngabie supremacy wherever it may operate 2 Gain command of Ihe sea b destruction of the enemies seago mg forces 3 Cooperate with our owi military forces and with the nav and military forces of our allies 4 Destroy or shut off enemys commerce in order to feet economic strangulation then by promoting disaffection insid his borders The omnibus measure carried additional S292225500 in nev appropriations for the fiscal ye ending June 30 and 339 9 al the year M v 11 for the year beginning July I On 24 JLJIJ J y top of vast sums already voted f this year it would swell the month navy total to 524751758 471 It dwarfed even the previ record appropriation of more for army plan which was passed by the house only last week Close to 50 per cent of the appropriation will go to construct 930000 tons of warships plus small craft and 1799 miscella eous naval vessels such as pair boats and swift ranging dca dealing torpedo boats which ready have been authorized congress s than total 500 BELFAST TELLS OF ACTIVITY BY ENEMY PLANES Military Base Had Been Under Construction for Several Months WASHINGTON American expeditionary force has landed in northern Ire land where a powerful mili tary base has been under construction by American technicians for many months the war department revealed Monday A dispatch from Belfast indi cated the U S forces may al ready have been in action against German airplanes The size of the American force the date of its arrival in Ireland or of its departure from he United States was not re vealed by Secretary of War Henry L Stimson made the announcement The move sent organized units of American fighting men the closest they have yet been sta tioned to the European battle front Previously forces were sent lo Iceland The American force in Ireland is commanded by Mai Gen Rus sell P Hartle The Belfast dispatch reported slight enemy air activity over northern Ireland Monday after noon Theministry Of security for northern Ireland said our air defenses were in action The war department did not re veal whether the arrival of the American expeditionary force means that they will take over the huge northern Ireland base or whether Ihe move is merely the initial stage of sending u 5 fighting men into action in Eu rope However the selection of Ilartle to lead the U S foree seemed to indicate that the Americans would be ready for any sort of action Hartle has served as the commander of the mobile army force in Puerto Kico a capacify in which lie car ried on active training maneu vers with liBht fastmoving American army units Hartle returned to the United States for duty with the sixth di vision at Fort Leonard Wood in June 1941 and in August he was assigned to the 34th infantry di vision at Camp Claiborne La participating in the extensive army southern maneuvers The exact nature of the northern Ireland base has never been revealed However it has been under construction by American engineers and Ameri can labor forces for a year or more Many reports from Ireland have emphasized the size and ex tent oC the base presumably adapted to provide for not only land and air but also for sea forces The American forces were sent lo northern Ireland which is part of the United Kingdom not to be confused with independent Eire which is neutral and has recm phasized her neutrality since the entry of the United States into the war U in Far depa sc Strai1 to on IS LYNCHED AT SIKESTON MO Man Burned Police Patrol Area to Avert Possible New Violence SIKESTON Mo infur iated mob broke into the city jail seized a Negro suspected of at tempting p rape a soldiers wife dragged him through the Ncgn iv district and burned the boUy State police and deputy sheri munity as a new violence lynching precaution against after the Sabbath Negroes were instructed to re main indoors and guards were placed about the Negro quarter ies to prevent whites from entering lcl Approximately onefourth of the towns 8000 inhabitants are Ne groes Assistant Police Chief Harold Wallace identified the Negro pris inoner as Cleo Wright 30 and aid rot he admitted he stabbed and seri ith ously wounded Mrs Dillavd Stuv J gcon wife of an army sergeant by early Sunday morning Sturgeon is stationed in California S Bombers Important East Role WASHINGTON war lartment reported Monday that ven American bombers partici in the Jan 2425 attack on Japanese convoy on Macassar tits sank an enemy transport fire to another and shot down ive enemy planes and returned their base undamaged The communique apparently referred to successes first reported Sunday from the southwest Pacific icadquarters of the united nations n Java but gave details of other operations previously unan nounced The successes in the Macassar strait reported from American bombers came as the united al lied command in the southwest Pacific also reported further damage against the hip enemy convoy fleet first reported hit Friday In slashing scaandair hat was understood to be con THINK EFFORTS TO INVADE JAVA ARE SHATTERED Japanese Win Foothold on Dutch Oil Port of Balik Papan Borneo By CLYDE A FARNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor United Stales and Dutch sea and air forces locked in a great running battle with a Japanese invasion armada in the Strait of Macassar have sunk or damaged at least 27 transports and war ships in the four days of fighting and may have shat tered an attempt to invade action Java the heart oC the united lations defense in the south tinuing relentlessly the fighting ships of the U S Asiatic fleet already have sent seven enemy vessels to the bottom while Dutch and American bombers accounted for at least another three and a Dutch sub Rot one and five more sinkings were listed as prob able Moreover Ihe navy deplartment here reported heavy damage to convoyed vessels still afloat and their escorting warships The rapan on me straitside of pierne command of the united nathe island of Borneo but the size lions m the southern Pacitic placed the invasion fleet indicated the number ot ships damaged by that Tokio was shooting for hign air and sea action at a minimum er stakes to the south 1 1 TV ill The losses inflicted on this UIJ LIJ15 Japanese convoy said the united nations command are iest the enemy has suffered in any single operations since the war began iwiiiitmnu uiJU Tlie exact exlent of the havoc armed strength inflicted on the hostile fleet was left in for mili tary lie week end communiques issued here and in the South Pacific were not al ways too specific in dcsignnlins the arm or the nation responsible for the successes The battle as communiques recounted it developed in this way heavy bomb ers and dive bomber fighters pounced on strong force of Japal ncse warships and transport train scoring a dozen direct crip pling hits on eight enemy ships U S destroyers followed up with smashing night attack using both their torpedo tubes and gun batteries to score numerous hits One large enemy ship was blown out of the water another was sunk and a third left listing heav ily and U S army bombers return to the as sault with notable success They credit for two known sinlcin the severe damaging of two mrre enemy vessels and a direct hit on a Jap destroyer S cruisers and destroyers again hammer the ene my invasion fleet sending five more Jap transports to the bottom and claiming the probable sinking of a sixth MONDAY American flying fortresses sank a large Japanese transport and scored a direct hit on a cruiser Dutch planes scored four direct hils on two Japanese cruisers and one transport United States naval forces scored five torpedo hits on the Japanese flo tilla and inflicted other damige by gunfire Three enemy planes were downed A Netherlands sub marine sank one enemy destroyer and scored a torpedo hit on a de stroyer v The detailed accounts listed only two probable sinkings and 16 damaged ships but the allied supreme command in the South Pacific Sunday made the con servative estimate that probable sinkings up to then numbered four and the ships damaged no less than 12 Five additional hit oicms nave been reported since patrolled this cotton milling com subsequent U S naval com v iiti ill muniquc added a fifth probable Sinking Glass With March of Dimes Gifts Stolen PHILADELPHIA JP Helen Crowther restaurant cashier has two candidates for the sneak category She told Detective John trie two young men asked for 10 pennies for a dime When they left she found missing a glass container with S25 for the march of dimes lo fight infantile paraly sis n west Pacific The next few davs will tell in what strength if any the Japanese armada was able to negotiate the narrow shortcut to the inner arc of the Nether lands East Indies The Japanese however won at least one foothold on this sea read to Dutch port nf Balik Papan on the straitside of TheStrait of Macassar jsijlije most direct route between Japa nese concentration points in tiie Philippines and the rich island of Java on which the united nations have centered command and t h e i r much supreme of their Soerabaja the great Dutch naval base for example lies less than 350 miles southwest of the southern mouth of the strait The score against the Japanese in the Macassar straits battle as thus far reported in the communU qucs from the Java headquarter Batavia and Washington follows DESTROYED Nine transports one destroyer DAMAGED A warship unclassified as lo type five cruisers two destroyers nine transports The bomb damaged ships hit by or torpedoes include at linikivit i least fve transports probably sunk and a cruiser which may have gone down The submarine which torpedoed it was so resisted that it was impossible for its command to determine the result of the hit The battle on Thursday after noon when Dutch airmen out from their jungle shielded bases scored 12 direct hits with heavy and medium caliber bombs on eight ships United Slates naval and air forces joined in the attack on Ihr rollowmjt day and the hot equa lorial waters of Macassar strait churned by bombs and torpedoes from flying fortresses fflil and heavy bombers sub marines cruisers and destroyers Slight damage lo one united na tions warship was the only naval damage acknowledged so far as tne cost of the attack The losses inflicted on the Japa nese were Ihe heaviest of any counter action since the Japanese launched their grand offensive in the southwest Pacific region on Dec 7 It uas a battle of annihilation and the length of time covered py the action reported from Wash ington and Java raised the pos sibility that the united nations had blocked the retreat of the hapless expedition and was sys tematically cutting it to pieces There was a contused picture of the destruction wrought in the Macassar fighting but the supreme command of the united nations in the southern Pacific gave this accolade to the fighters The losses inflicted on this Japanese convoy arc the heaviest the enemy has suffered in any single operation since the war be gan Batu Pahat in Malaya Captured SINGAPORE for days by Japanese forces on the ground and in the air British imperial forces have surrendered Batu Pahat western anchor ot their Malnyan defense line 60 mi cs from Singapore and have fallen back to new positions to the south British headquarters announced Monday The communique announcing Ihe withdrawal indicated there ;