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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, January 25, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 25, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OtfARTMCNT OF TORY AND AftCHIVIS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI AoocUtcd fttst UnlUd Ptcsi Full Wlrcj lira Cento m COPT MASON cayIOWA THURSDAY JANUABY zs ms This Paper Consists ot Two NO RUSSIANS TAKE GLEIWITZ IN SILESIA Start Attack Along 20 Mile Front CONTINUE EXIT FROMARDENNES III NORTH AREA Say Assault May Mean Start of Final Battle for Alsace Parisj Jf T h e Germans lawiched an attack Thursday against the U S 7th army along a 20mile front from Haguenau northwest to the lower Vosges mountains andat places crossed the Moder fiver 15 miles inside France Gen Hermann Balck opened the drive with a heavy aitillery and mortar barrage while other Germans to the north were con tinuing a great eastward exodus from the Ardennes salient Roads and rails were so littered in the north that the Germans resorted to routes in the center The assault may signal the start of the final battle for Al sace AP Correspondent Robert C Wilson wirelessed from 7th army headquarters Earlier the 7th army bad with drawn from 7 to10 along a 20niile sector of the Karlsruhe cornerleaving Strasbourg jutting out at the end of an allied salient Wilson said the Americans were reported inflicting heavy losses land had destroyed at least 5 tanks and 14 armored vehicles in early aiid3ril armies Yanks Unable to Contact Nazis in Italy Rome UR American patrols were active in the center of the 5th army salient just south of Bologna despite intermittent sleet and snow headquarters said Thursday as 8th army units con tinued to engage the enemy in sporadic fighting on the Adriatic coastal sector to the east Despite extensive forays the Americans reported they seldom were able to contact any German patrols moving beyond their es tablished positions which were keptunder continued artillery fire WALLACE ASKS INVESTIGATION OF JONES RFC Will Use Lending Authority to Help U S Little Businesses Washington ing big versus little business is the real issue in control of the governments huge banking pow ers Henry A Wallace Thursday Germans Jam Berlin Roads From East London of thousands of German refugees from the east were reported jamming the roads to Berlin Thursday and Stock holm dispatches said signs of panic were appearing in the nazi capital for the first time since the start of the red army invasion The great exodus from the east was accompanied by a sudden re vival of peace rumors all com pletely unconfirmed and perhaps inspired by the nazis themselves for devious propaganda purposes One rumor broadcast by the clandestine radio Atlantic said Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler had tried without success to put out peace feelers to the Free Ger man committee in Moscow sug gesting that he replace Adolf Hit ler at the head of the reich and make a separate peace with Rus Two patrol clashes on the left flank of the salient about a half mile west of San Martino result d in casualties to both sides Elsewhere the 5th army front vas Main fighting on the Btli army ront centered in the Alfonsine rea northwest of Ravenna vhere a German night patrol at acked a British strong point 2 miles northeast of the town and vas repulsed after a sharp battle salient now miles The British 2nd army to the north captured 4 more just west of the Roer river and moved to within 30 miles of Dus seldorf and 3 of Eoermond But in Alsace large German forces began crossing the Moder river line which Lt Gen Alexan der M Patchs 7th army had taken up after withdrawing from the Hatten area north of the strategic Haguenau forest The Germans last were reported using 5 or 6 first class divisions along the at tack front The enemy punched forwari into the woods on the south ban of the Moder river in the Schwieg houseSenneubourg area 2 mile west of Haguenau a traffic cente of 20000 and once a major Ger man base Haguenau appeared t J be outflanked also to the south east Farther northwest and about 2 miles north of the Moder the Ger mans attacked in the Bischholz Mulhausen area 15 miles south of the Palatinate Farther into the congressional investi KFC lending under nbwy Vosges the enemy threw trong blows at Reipertswiller 8 miles southeast of Bitche Other Germans snapped back n southern Alsace below Stras bourg andmade strong counter attacks against French troops oh oth the northern and southern lahks of the ColmarMulhouEe socket The Germans were within capital of mans both claiin their own Whether byr design7 or accident the German offensive started in weather simitar to that prevailing ivhen Field Marshal von Rund stedt attacked in the Ardennes Deep snow cold fog and poor vis ibility reduced allied air support to a minimum The German communique said a bridgehead had been established overthe Moder and that 18 coun terattacks were repulsed SomeGermans cross the river of Haguenau spurred by assertions that they were freeing ancient German soil All were captured or driven back except a score surrounded in the Hardt woods Commanders in the field said they believed the situation there was now entirely restored The main thrust across the Mo der was in a 3mile area west of Haguenau between Schwieghouse and Neubourg Assault boats fer ried some men across Others used a bridge No armor however was reported across the river proposed a gation of Jesse Jones The former vice president said that the real motive behind a bill to strip the lending authority wielded by Jones away from the commerce secretaryship has nothing to do with my compe tence to handle those powers II confirmed as secretary of commerce Wallace made clear he intends to use the lending au thority to assist little business as well as the big companies in a drive for a free America which is also a prosperous America and to carry out President Roosevelts goal of postwar jobs Wallace testified before the sen ate commerce committee and a standingroomonly crowd Declaring that he is willing to serve as secretary of commerce whether or not the monetary set up is left in that department Wal MacARTHUR VISITS JAPANESE Doug las MacArthur inspects a memorial to the valor and cour age of Japanese forces killed when they forced their way into Damortis Luzon P I in 1941 lacetestified saldier on the battlefield 4o than jsaxry out his assignment By the rule book witnesses be fore senate committees are sup posed to confine their testimony to the legislation under consider ation But Jones endorsing the bill Wednesday threw one punch after another at Wallace from start to end of his hour and more in the witness chair Sometimes Jones did not name Wallace but no one had any doubt who he was talking about when he made such comments as these Certainly the RFC should not be placed under the supervision of any man willing to jeopardize the countrys future with untried ideas and idealistic schemes It is my firm conviction that the governments investmentin plants and facilities and in raw materials of all sorts should not be made the subject of careless experimentation Senator Pepper one of Wallaces backers asked the same latitude for his man Altogether the hearing shaped up as one as much on Wallaces qualifications as on the resolu tion which Senator George D introduced Actually the Wallace nomination has been tucked away for the time being in a commerce committee pigeon hole and Pepper expressed con cern that the purpose is to keep it there until the George bill is dis posed olt One of the senators opposed to letting Wallace have the lending poucrs estimated that it might re quire 6 weeks for congress to act on the measure He said he be lieved quick senate action might be had but that it probably would take considerable time in the house This senator unwilling to be quoted by name estimated al least 50 of the 96 senate votes would be cast against Wallaces confirmation if the nomination were brought up now with the lending powers in the commerce department He expressed the opinion too that the opposition both in the senate and the coun try is growing George expressed the opinion that with the divorce of the RFC and commerce Jones possibly could continue as head of the federaj loan agency if he hasn resigned However others dis puted this interpretation oflaw Jones Texas businessman who has bossed theRFC since its in ception in the Hoover administra tion apparently envisioned lh possibility that he might stay on in the job I dont expect to remain a secretary of commerce if that what you mean Jones told Pep per at one point As for the loan post he said Im not seeking th job but that it was up to th president It was in response to a question from Pepper that Jones said h considered Wallace not qualified for the combined job of commerc secretary and loan head Why Pepper pursued Lack of experience sia Another relayed by the Ankara radio and equally unsubstantiated had Baron Franz von Papen in Madrid to learn the allied peace terms There was little question how ever that the Russian sweep to and across Germanys eastern frontiers had touched off a wave of hysteria spreading back to the capital of the reich All accounts indicated the nazis were combing out the last dregs of their manpower to man their eastern ramparts and at the same time frying to clear the refugee choked roads for the movement of reserves to the front Berlin said all women ihid chil dren were being removed from Breslau as that Silesian industrial center came under the guns the red army and similar mass evacuations were in progress throughout eastern Germany and the areas of western Poland not already overrun by the Russians A Berlin dispatch to the Stock holms Tidnirigen said many of the incoming refugees were Berliners who had fled to East Prussia and Silesia to escape the allied bomb sp df that panic in No people said one Berlin ra dio commentator can take the measure of our sufferings pur heartrending grief our bur ied hopes In the midst of a once clean and sheltered life war has over taken us with all its filth and miserj he said RED WAR MACHINE ROLLS INTO photos radioed from Moscow to New York show action in the Russian campaign through Poland and East Prussia which is pointing for Berlin Upper picture is identified as Lt Durandins battery of longrange guns hammering the nazis during action in East Prussia Lt Durandins battery served at Stalingrad Lower photo shows a small section of soviet artillerymen in action on the 2nd Russian front in Poland Tokyo Claims American YANKS ADVANCE ON CLARK FIELD MacArthur Says Jap Casualties 10 to 1 BULLETIN Tokyo radio said Thursday American troops have landed on the northeastern coast of Slindoro island in the Philippines and are fighting toward Calapan the capi tal city situated about 75 miles di rectly south of Manila Tokyo quoting a Manila dis patch said an estimated 1000 troops participated in the landing The enemy report unconfirmed by allied sources said heavy fighting was in progress The Japanese announcement said the landing was made at Nau jan a coastal town about 13 miles southeast of Calapan Gen Mac Arthurs Headquarters Luzon American 14tli corps surged across the greal Clark fieldcluster of airdromes within 48 miles northwest of Ma nila Thursday and all II airstrips along with adjacent Fort Stotsen burg appeared about to fall with out a major battle itocks on hand are sufficient for At least 1 and probably more major allied operation of the airstrips already were READY SUPPLIES FOR OFFENSIVE Somervell Calls On U S for Production Paris LI Gen Brehon omervell said Thursday at su reme allied headquarters that Jen D wight D Eisenhowers orces have enough supplies on and to mount a major offensive Somer veils statement came as became apparent that Eisen ower will not miss the oppor unity to strike the Germans in lie west while they are menaced n the east by the tremendous red rmy offensive Speaking at a press conference Somervell said that production of mmunition tires trucks and ithcr critical war terns would tremen prevent lave to be stepped up dously in America to ritical shortages on the western ront Nevertheless he emphasized Somervell revealed that an agreement had been reached whereby the British andAmeri cans would arm and supply sev eral hundred thousand additional rench troops To meet potential increases in consumption in Europe and the Pacific Somervell called for the following percentage increases in production Small arms 200 per cent me dium and heavy caliber Lion 100 and cotton duck 40 He said there must also be a large increase in truck tire and tank production but that we have enough supply stacked up here to mount a major offensive Though headquarters was na turally silent on the subject there were a number of signs that the time for the assault is approach ing firmly in American hands Bam ban field northernmost of the Clark constellation was overrun Tuesday and mechanized patrols were operating Wednesday in the vicinity of Clark field itself 6 miles to the south and Fort Stot senburg The advance carried across Bamban river where the Japanese had been expected to make a strong stand and overran Mabal acat 4 miles south of Bamban and 50 miles northwest of Manila without encountering major re sistance Roosevelt Rejects Ickes Resignation Washington Sec retary Ickes announced Thursday that President Roosevelt had de clined to accept his offered res ignation asking him to remain in the cabinet Ickes is one of the two original members of the presidents cabi net The other is Secretary of La bor Frances Perkins whose res ignation the president has also re jected Report Three Island Raids in Pacific Pearl Harbor re ported 2 more B29 nuisance raids on the Japanese industrial center of Osaka a naval bombardment of Iwo in the Volcanoes and a 120 plane carrierbased raid on Palembang in the Dutch East In dies in the quickening Pacific war Thursday A Japanese domestic broadcast said lone Superfortresses bombed the Osaka area 250 miles west of Tokyo at S oc I o c k Wednesday night and again at 1 a m Thurs day Tokyo but caused no damage American surface ships includ ing 4 cruisers and 8 destroyers bombarded Iwo Japanese step ping stone island 750 miles south of Tokyo Wednesday and inilictec negligible da mage another Tokyo broadcast said Superfortresses from the Mari anas blasted Iwo in strength with good results Wednesday accord ing to a war department commu nique and it was possible that the naval bombardment was tied in with the air attack Twice before B29s have hit Iwo in conjunc tion with surface vessels One of the attacking cruisers was damaged heavily by Japanese shore batteries in the latest bom bardment Tokyo said A Japanese imperial headquar ters communique reported the carrierborne raid on Palembang one of the most important oilpro ducing centers in the Dutch East Indies It is situated on the south eastern end of Sumatra about 300 miles south of Singapore The carrier task force presum ably was part of the British fleet stationed at Ceylon in the Indian ocean REPORT SINKING OF TROOP SHIP Washington American troop ship carrying more than 2 200 soldiers was sunk recently in European waters as a result of enemy action with the loss of 248 dead and 517 missing Secretary War Stimson made the announcement at hfs news conference Thursday The remainder of the troops aboard more than 1400 were saved Stimson said He gave no further details NAZIS CLAIM REDS IN EtBING ON DANZIG GULF Moscow Claims Army Only 125 Miles From German Capital BULLETIN London W Stalin announced Thursday night Rus sian forces had captured Dels a communications center 14 miles northeast of Breslau The red army also captured Os 13miles southtvest of Kalisz in Foland and 10 miles from the orthern border of Silesia London of Glei vitz big industrial center just vest of the Silesian manufactur ig towns ot Hindenburg and Beu hen was announced Thursday by Marshal Stalin Chrzanow import nt center in the Dombrowa coal iasin 17 miles west of captured Krakow in Poland also was taken Gleiwitz 90 miles southeast of Breslau is the largest German city captured by the Russians Its 118 000 population was mostly en aged in a large coal transhipping usiness and 7 large arms and ma chineryplants including a barbed vire factory German broadcasts said tiie Russians had broken into Elbing n the Gulf of Danzigac effective ly shutting off East Prussia The Moscow broadcast saying that Russian forces were only a little over 125 miles from Berlin did not give the point of this deep est denetration toward the nazi capital German accounts for several days however have told ot fight ing in or near Poznan 137 miles due east of Berlin while the Ber linreportedcrossing of the Oder at Steinau is 138 miles southeast pi Berlin Fall of Breslau northern Silesia and mostim portant industrial city in the east ern reich appeared imminent as Marshal Ivan Konev moved his first Ukrainian army rapidly west of the Oder to encircle the city Konevs forces vanguards of the Russian avalanche stormed across the broken ice of the Oder in the heart of Silesia at a point southeast of Breslau soviet front line reporters said and shoved on Small enemy motorized patrols and harassing snipers were dis persed Lashing out ahead of the ground troops Liberatorbombers began the aerial reduction of Ft Cor regidor scene of the bloody last American stand in Manila bay in 1942 Fortyfive tons of bombs were dropped in the ini tial raid Tuesday touching off huge fires and explosions among enemy installations Gen Douglas MacArihur jubi lantly revealed that his ground forces had killed 10 Japanese for every American lost in the first 2 weeks of the invasion of Luzon Japanese casualties he said to taled about 14000 comprising 6449 known dead 423 prisoners and an estimated 7200 wounded American casualties were listed as 657 dead 187 missing and 2301 wounded of 3145 The enemy communique said 120 carrier planes attacked Pal embang Wednesday morning Jap anese fighters and antiaircraft batteries shot down 78 of the raiders the communique claimed while 14 Japanese planes were lost in combat Damage caused lo ground in stallations was slight the com munique said GARY COOPER ILL Hollywood Actoi Gary Cooper was resting in bet Thursday to recuperate from an amoebic infection contracted dur ing an entertainment tour of th south Pacific His physician said Coopers con dition was aggravated by a recen attack of influenza The illnes cancelled the stars plans to tak part in an eastern tour of infantil paralysis benefit shows Iowa Counties Attain Goals in National War Fund Campaign Des Moincs of Iowas 9 counties and 22 uvban com nunity chests attained their yoals the 1944 national war fund ampaign Carl Weeks Des loines president of Iowa War best Inc disclosed Thursday far as we know this is the irst time that such a 100 per cent ecord has been chalked up in owa in a fundraising drive of his kind Weeks said He announced that the state aised more han the led the nation n percentage of quota reached vith a 114 per cent record In addition Iowa was the first state with a quota exceeding S2 100000 to reach its goal Weeks said toward the mountains of Bohemia in CzechoSlovakia Konev was fighting for yet other crossings northwest of the Oder straddling city and Berlin said he already had secured a bridgehead at Steinau 32 miles northwest of the city and 138 miles from Berlin Yet other troops under Konevs command were reported hammer ing into the outskirts from an overnight jumpoft point only 4 miles southeast of the city Hundreds of Kdnevs tanks and selfpropelled guns laid down a searing barrage on the approaches The crossing southeast of the city apparently was in the neigh borhood of captured Oppeln cap ital of upper southern Silesia and about 30 miles northeast of n tip of the Moravian border of CzcchoSIovakia The smash toward the south west apparently was intended to cut off the thicklyclustered cities of Silesia from Berlin and menace the German armies still fighting in Slovakia and Hungary and gar risoning Vienna To the southeast the 4th Ukrain ian army fighting through the mountains of Slovakia was re parted only about 40 miles cast of the Jablunka gateway to Moravia a historic passageway which Bis marck oncecalled a controlling position in central Europe The Germans by their own ad mission had failed lo halt Mar shal Konstantin Rokossovskys smash toward the Col Ernst von Hammer German Robert H Caldwell Fort Dodge executive director of the war chest reported tha Iowa already las paid of the amount collected to the national war fund The balance represents uncollected pledges in community chest cities which are paid over a period of months he said Weather Report FORECAST Iowa General light snow in south and east Thursday becoming fair Thursday night and Friday Colder extreme west Thursday and Thursday night and little change in temperature Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 27 Minimum Wednesday 6 At B a m Thursday 13 YEAR AGO Maximum 49 Minimum 34 Precipitation Trace military commentator said a Rus sian spearhead had penetrated through the junkers homeland of East Prussia until it reached the Frische Haft a Baltic coastal la goon at a point just east of Ebing He declared that the penetrating unit was encircled and largely wiped out His report coincided with Mos cow dispatches reporting a soviet penetration to the Vistula estuary From 20 to 30 German divisions to 360000 men were estimated to have been cut off by land by the soviet wedge driven to the Baltic Fortress Konijrsberg a city of 368000 which is 56 miles northeast of Elbing was reported by the Germans to be under a frontal as sault In southeastern East Prussia the forces of Gen Ivan Cherniak hovsky were penetrating one by one the passages between the Ma surian lakes where the labyrinth of waterways enabled von Hin denburg to set a trap for the czars troops in 1914 The German communique ac knowledged a retreat at the Ma ;